Greece-Fresh Deciduous Fruit Annual 2012

An Expert's View about Citrus Fruits in Greece

Posted on: 23 Jan 2013

MY 2012/13 (July/June) Greek pear production is forecast to increase by 22 percent due to favorable weather.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary Public - Date: 10/24/2012 GAIN Report Number: GR1216 Greece Post: Rome Fresh Deciduous Fruit Annual 2012 Report Categories: Fresh Deciduous Fruit Approved By: Christine Sloop Prepared By: Ornella Bettini Report Highlights: MY 2012/13 (July/June) Greek pear production is forecast to increase by 22 percent due to favorable weather. MY 2012/13 table grape production is estimated to be satisfactory despite the severe drought from mid July to the last week of August that negatively affected fruit ripening. The bulk of Greeceā€™s fresh deciduous fruit trade occurs within the EU-27. I. APPLES Table 1: Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2010 2011 2012 Estimates Apples Estimates 2011/2012 Forecast 2012/2013 2010/2011 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 13,500 14,000 14,000 Area Harvested 13,300 13,700 13,500 Commercial Production 254,000 305,000 297,000 Production 254,000 305,000 297,000 Intra EU27 Imports 16,299 13,545 13,500 Extra EU27 Imports 7,310 3,052 3,000 Total Imports 23,609 16,597 16,500 Total Supply 277,609 321,597 313,500 Fresh Domestic Consumption 231,007 289,763 281,800 Intra EU27 Exports 11,011 6,197 6,100 Extra EU27 Exports 35,591 25,637 25,600 Total Exports 46,602 31,834 31,700 Total Distribution 277,609 321,597 313,500 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Greek industry; WAPA; GTA PRODUCTION According to industry estimates, MY 2012/13 (July/June) Greek apple production is forecast to slightly decrease by 3 percent, but the quality is very good. There are approximately 14,000 hectares currently cultivated for apples. The main producing areas include the prefectures of Kastoria, Pella, and Imathia in Macedonia; Volos, Larissa, Pelion, and Kissavos in Thessaly; Arcadia in Peloponnese. Table 2: Greek apple production by variety Apple Production Estimates Estimates 2011/2012 Forecast 2012/2013 by Variety 2010/2011 Fuji 7 15,000 14,000 Gala 4 6,000 6,000 Golden Delicious 29,000 26,000 26,000 Granny Smith 34,000 54,000 48,000 Jonagold 0 10,000 9,000 Red Delicious 160,000 167,000 169,000 Other 20,000 27,000 25,000 Total 254,000 305,000 297,000 Source: WAPA Almost 57 percent of Greek apple orchards consist of red varieties, predominately Red Delicious group. The green varieties (mostly Granny Smith) follow with 16 percent, and the yellow varieties (particularly Golden Delicious) with 9 percent. The remaining 18 percent of cultivated orchards are planted with Fuji, Gala, and new apple varieties (Ariane, Belgica, Cameo, Diwa, Honey Crunch, Jazz, Junami, Rubens, Tentation, Wellant, etc.). Due to its excellent quality and shapely form, the Zagora apple (a local Red Delicious variety) has been awarded by the European Commission as a PDO (Protected Designation of Origin), also known as Geographic Indication of Origin. CONSUMPTION MY 2012/13 Greek apple consumption is forecast to decrease by 2.7 percent. Most apples are consumed fresh. TRADE MY 2012/13 Greek apple exports are forecast to remain steady. Egypt, Turkey, Russia, Bulgaria, and Albania represent the main destinations for Greek apples. Italy, Germany, and Chile remain the main suppliers to the Greek apple market. II. PEARS Table 3: Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2010 2011 2012 Estimates Pears Estimates 2011/2012 Forecast 2012/2013 2010/2011 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 3,500 3,500 3,500 Area Harvested 3,450 3,300 3,350 Commercial Production 54,000 36,000 44,000 Production 54,000 36,000 44,000 Intra EU27 Imports 8,788 4,045 4,000 Extra EU27 Imports 5,261 464 460 Total Imports 14,049 4,509 4,460 Total Supply 68,049 40,509 48,460 Fresh Domestic Consumption 59,051 36,927 44,960 Intra EU27 Exports 5,704 2,071 2,000 Extra EU27 Exports 3,294 1,511 1,500 Total Exports 8,998 3,582 3,500 Total Distribution 68,049 40,509 48,460 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Greek industry; WAPA; GTA PRODUCTION MY 2012/13 (July/June) Greek pear production is forecast to increase by 22 percent due to favorable weather. According to industry estimates, there are approximately 3,500 hectares currently cultivated for pears. The main producing areas include the prefectures of Tirnavos and Larissa in Thessaly, Laconia, and Korinth in Peloponnese. William Christ/Bartlett, Passacrassana, Abate Fetel, and Coscia- Ercollini are the major pear varieties grown in Greece. Table 4: Greek pear production by variety Pear Production Estimates Estimates 2011/2012 Forecast 2012/2013 by Variety 2010/2011 Abate Fetel 1,000 2,000 2,000 Coscia-Ercollini 2,000 1,000 1,000 Passacrassana 3,000 3,000 4,000 William BC 18,000 9,000 12,000 Other 31,000 21,000 23,000 Total 54,000 36,000 44,000 Source:WAPA CONSUMPTION MY 2012/13 Greek pear consumption is forecast to grow by 21.7 percent driven by the increased production. Most pears are consumed fresh. TRADE MY 2011/12 Greek pear imports reached 4,509 MT, 68 percent less comparet to MY2010/11. Greece imports the majority of its pears (mainly Conference, Passacrassana, Abate Fetel, and Blanquilla varieties) from Spain, Italy, and Germany, accounting for 77 percent of the total. MY 2011/12 Greek pear exports reached 3,582 MT, a decrease of 60 percent compared to the previous year. Even at reduced volumes, Romania, Albania, and Bulgaria continue to be the main destinations for Greek pears. III. TABLE GRAPES Table 5: Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2010 2011 2012 T Estimates able grapes Estimates 2011/2012 Forecast 2012/2013 2010/2011 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 17,500 17,000 16,500 Area Harvested 17,250 16,850 16,250 Commercial Production 328,250 260,000 275,000 Production 328,250 260,000 275,000 Intra EU27 Imports 3,071 1,134 1,130 Extra EU27 Imports 717 650 645 Total Imports 3,788 1,784 1,775 Total Supply 332,038 261,784 276,775 Fresh Domestic Consumption 257,788 193,837 204,580 Intra EU27 Exports 67,967 61,576 65,820 Extra EU27 Exports 6,283 6,371 6,375 Total Exports 74,250 67,947 72,195 Total Distribution 332,038 261,784 276,775 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Greek industry; GTA PRODUCTION Greece is the third largest producer of table grapes in the EU-27, behind Italy and Spain. According to industry estimates, MY 2012/13 table grape production is estimated to be satisfactory despite the severe drought from mid July to the last week of August that negatively affected fruit ripening. In Greece, there are approximately 16,5000 hectares currently cultivated with table grapes. The main producing areas include the prefectures of Corinth in Peloponnese; Kavala in Macedonia; Heraklion in the island of Crete. Sultana (Thompson Seedless) and Victoria are the major table grape varieties grown in Greece. CONSUMPTION MY 2012/2013 table grape consumption is forecast to increase by 5.5 percent. TRADE Greek table grape (both seedless and seeded) is mainly marketed within Europe from late July to the end of September. Germany, The Netherlands, and the United Kingdom represent the main destinations for Greek table grapes (especially Victoria and Sultana varieties), accounting for 65 percent of the total. Abbreviations and definitions used in this report: EU European Union MS EU-27 Member State Ha hectare; 1 ha = 2.471 acres MT Metric ton = 1000 kg MMT Million metric tons MY Marketing year Apples: July/June Pears: July/June Table Grapes: June/May HS Codes: Apples: 080810 Pears: 080820 Table grapes: 08061010
Posted: 23 January 2013

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