Dairy Annual 2011

An Expert's View about Food Processing in Greece

Last updated: 29 Sep 2011

The Greek dairy industry is the third most important segment of the food and drink sector. MY 2011/12 Greek milk production and consumption are expected to contract by 1.3 percent as a result of the financial crisis gripping the country. MY 2011/12 cheese production is expected to drop by 4.5 percent from a notably high level of output in 2010.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary Public - Date: 9/9/2011 GAIN Report Number: GR1110 Greece Post: Rome Greece Dairy Annual 2011 Report Categories: Dairy and Products Approved By: James Dever Prepared By: Ornella Bettini Report Highlights: The Greek dairy industry is the third most important segment of the food and drink sector. MY 2011/12 Greek milk production and consumption are expected to contract by 1.3 percent as a result of the financial crisis gripping the country. MY 2011/12 cheese production is expected to drop by 4.5 percent from a notably high level of output in 2010. Milk Table 1: Greek Production, Supply, and Demand (1000 MT) 2010 2011 2012 Estimates Estimates Forecast Milk 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 Post Data Post Data Post Data Cows In Milk 145 144 144 Cow?s Milk Deliveries to Dairies 688 688 688 Other Milk Production 1,368 1,342 1,348 Total Milk Production/Deliveries 2,056 2,030 2,036 Extra EU27 Imports 0 0 0 Total Supply 2,056 2,030 2,036 Extra EU27 Exports 0 0 0 Fluid Use Dom. Consumption 468 462 463 Factory Use Dom. Consumption 1,759 1,737 1,742 Feed Use Dom. Consumption 0 0 0 Total Dom. Consumption 2,227 2,199 2,205 Total Distribution 2,227 2,199 2,205 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Greek industry; GTA The Greek dairy industry is the third most important segment of the food and drink sector, accounting for 17 percent of total production. While the majority of milk collected in the EU comes from cows, the greater part of Greek milk comes from sheep and goats. MY 2011/12 Greek milk production and consumption are expected to contract by 1.3 percent as a result of the financial crisis gripping the country. Less efficient producers are likely to go out of business as credit becomes increasingly difficult to secure and investment is scaled back. However, Greek milk production is forecast to recover steadily during 2012 due to gradual improvements in output yields. Germany supplies about 81 percent of Greece?s milk import demand. Greece exports small amounts of milk to Bulgaria, Cyprus, and Romania. Cheese Table 2: Greek Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2010 2011 2012 Estimates Estimates Forecast Cheese 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 Post Data Post Data Post Data Production 221,000 210,000 214,000 Extra EU27 Imports 0 0 0 Total Supply 221,000 210,000 214,000 Extra EU27 Exports 8 8 8 Human Dom. Consumption 276,500 265,390 269,390 Other Use, Losses 0 0 0 Total Dom. Consumption 276,500 265,390 269,390 Total Distribution 276,500 265,390 269,390 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Greek industry; GTA MY 2011/12 cheese production is expected to drop by 4.5 percent from a notably high level of output in 2010. Export opportunities for Greek cheese should encourage greater production during 2012. Cheese is a traditional product of the Greek dairy industry. Cheese is produced mainly in Northern Greece and the mountainous areas throughout the country (Macedonia, Thrace, Epirus, Thessaly, Sterea Hellas, Peloponnisos, Lesvos, and Mitilini). Greece produces a large number of DOC (Controlled Denomination of Origin) cheeses from sheep and goat?s milk (Anthotiros, Formaella of Parnassos, Graviera of Crete, Kasseri, Kalathaki of Limmos, Kefalograviera, Kefalotiri, Kopanisti, Ladotiri of Mitilini, Manouri, Metsovone, Mizithra, and Xigalo Siteias). Greek yogurt is made from both sheep and cow?s milk. Cheese products account for about 13 percent of sales in Greek supermarkets. Feta is the most well-known Greek cheese and the most consumed in Greece. It is made from 70 percent of sheep?s milk and 30 percent of goat?s milk. Feta is a type of brine matured cheese, packaged in traditional wooden barrels, tin vessels, or wrapped in plastic. It is growing in popularity in developed markets for its lower fat content, when compared to traditional European cheeses. Greece imports cheese mainly from Netherlands, Germany, and Denmark. Germany continues to be the main destination for Greek cheese exports, accounting for almost 35 percent of the total. Butter Table 3: Greek Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2010 2011 2012 Estimates Estimates Forecast Butter 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 Post Data Post Data Post Data Production 1,600 1,600 1,600 Extra EU27 Imports 0 0 0 Total Supply 1,600 1,600 1,600 Extra EU27 Exports 0 0 0 Human Dom. Consumption 7,723 7,774 7,776 Other Use, Losses 0 0 0 Total Dom. Consumption 7,723 7,774 7,776 Total Distribution 7,723 7,774 7,776 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Greek industry; GTA MY 2011/2012 Greek butter production is forecast to remain fairly flat. MY 2011/12 Greek butter consumption and trade are expected to recover steadily. Germany and Denmark are the main suppliers to the Greek market, accounting for 46 percent of total imports. Abbreviations and definitions used in this report HS codes: Milk Fluid: 040110, 040120 Cheese: 040620, 040630, 040640, 040690 Butter: 040510 MT Metric ton = 1,000 kg MY Marketing year: January/December
Posted: 29 September 2011, last updated 29 September 2011

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