Dairy Semi-Annual 2012

An Expert's View about Dairy Products in Greece

Posted on: 28 Jun 2012

MY 2012/13 Greek milk production and consumption are forecast to remain flat.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary Public - Date: 4/27/2012 GAIN Report Number: GR1202 Greece Post: Rome Greece Dairy Semi-Annual 2012 Report Categories: Dairy and Products Approved By: Jim Dever Prepared By: Ornella Bettini Report Highlights: The Greek dairy industry is the third most important segment of the food and drink sector. MY 2012/13 Greek milk production and consumption are forecast to remain flat. MY 2012/13 cheese production is forecast to recover by 4 percent. Recent investment in the cheese-processing sector helped improve product's affordability, resulting in a more competitive marketplace. Milk Table 1: Greek Production, Supply, and Demand (1000 MT) 2010 2011 2012 Estimates Estimates Forecast Milk 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 Post Data Post Data Post Data Cows In Milk 144 130 130 Cow’s Milk Deliveries to Dairies 688 638 638 Other Milk Production 1,372 1,402 1,400 Total Milk Production/Deliveries 2,060 2,040 2,038 Extra EU27 Imports 0 0 0 Total Supply 2,060 2,040 2,038 Extra EU27 Exports 0 0 0 Fluid Use Dom. Consumption 465 461 461 Factory Use Dom. Consumption 1,750 1,734 1,732 Feed Use Dom. Consumption 0 0 0 Total Dom. Consumption 2,215 2,195 2,193 Total Distribution 2,215 2,195 2,193 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Greek industry; GTA The Greek dairy industry is the third most important segment of the food and drink sector, accounting for 17 percent of total production. While the majority of milk collected in the EU comes from cows, the greater part of Greek milk comes from sheep and goats. MY 2012/13 Greek milk production and consumption are forecast to remain stagnant because of the financial crisis gripping the country. Less efficient producers are going out of business as credit becomes increasingly difficult to secure and investment is scaled back. Germany supplies about 84 percent of Greece’s milk import demand. Greece exports small amounts of milk to Romania, Cyprus, and Bulgaria. Cheese Table 2: Greek Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2010 2011 2012 Estimates Estimates Forecast Cheese 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 Post Data Post Data Post Data Production 220,000 210,000 219,000 Extra EU27 Imports 0 0 0 Total Supply 220,000 210,000 219,000 Extra EU27 Exports 8 8 8 Human Dom. Consumption 281,000 271,000 280,000 Other Use, Losses 0 0 0 Total Dom. Consumption 281,000 271,000 280,000 Total Distribution 289,000 279,000 288,000 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Greek industry; GTA Cheese is a traditional product of the Greek dairy industry. MY 2012/13 cheese production is forecast to recover by 4 percent. Recent investment in the cheese-processing sector helped improve product's affordability, resulting in a more competitive marketplace. Export opportunities for Greek cheese are also encouraging a greater production. Cheese is produced mainly in Northern Greece and the mountainous areas throughout the country (Macedonia, Thrace, Epirus, Thessaly, Sterea Hellas, Peloponnisos, Lesvos, and Mitilini). Greece produces a large number of DOC (Controlled Denomination of Origin) cheeses from sheep and goat’s milk (Anthotiros, Formaella of Parnassos, Graviera of Crete, Kasseri, Kalathaki of Limmos, Kefalograviera, Kefalotiri, Kopanisti, Ladotiri of Mitilini, Manouri, Metsovone, Mizithra, and Xigalo Siteias). Cheese products account for about 13 percent of sales in Greek supermarkets. Feta is the most well- known Greek cheese and the most consumed in Greece. It is made from 70 percent of sheep’s milk and 30 percent of goat’s milk. Feta is a type of brine matured cheese, packaged in traditional wooden barrels, tin vessels, or wrapped in plastic. Greek consumers ―along with those in other Western countries― are becoming increasingly concerned about their weight. Cheese can form part of a calorie-controlled diet and feta is lower in fat than many cheese alternatives. Cheese is an easy snack and used on a large range of ready foods such as pizza. People looking for an alternative to meat choose cheese as a relatively inexpensive alternative. Greece imports cheese mainly from Germany and the Netherlands. Germany continues to be the main destination for Greek cheese exports, accounting for almost 33 percent of the total. Butter Table 3: Greek Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2010 2011 2012 Estimates Estimates Forecast Butter 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 Post Data Post Data Post Data Production 1,600 1,600 1,600 Extra EU27 Imports 0 0 0 Total Supply 1,600 1,600 1,600 Extra EU27 Exports 0 0 0 Human Dom. Consumption 8,600 8,500 8,450 Other Use, Losses 0 0 0 Total Dom. Consumption 8,600 8,500 8,450 Total Distribution 8,600 8,500 8,450 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Greek industry; GTA MY 2012/13 Greek butter production, consumption, and trade are forecast to remain flat. Germany, the Netherlands, and Denmark are the main suppliers to the Greek market, accounting for 66 percent of total imports. Abbreviations and definitions used in this report HS codes: Milk Fluid: 040110, 040120 Cheese: 040620, 040630, 040640, 040690 Butter: 040510 MT Metric ton = 1,000 kg MY Marketing year: January/December
Posted: 28 June 2012

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