Dairy 2011 Semi-Annual

An Expert's View about Food Processing in Greece

Last updated: 23 May 2011

The Greek dairy industry is the third most important segment of the food and drink sector. MY 2011/2012 Greek milk production, consumption, and trade are forecast to remain steady from the previous year.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary Public - Date: 4/29/2011 GAIN Report Number: GR1103 Greece Post: Rome Greece Dairy 2011 Semi-Annual Report Categories: Dairy and Products Approved By: James Dever Prepared By: Ornella Bettini Report Highlights: The Greek dairy industry is the third most important segment of the food and drink sector. MY 2011/2012 Greek milk production, consumption, and trade are forecast to remain steady from the previous year. Milk Table 1: Greek Production, Supply, and Demand (1000 MT) 2009 2010 2011 Estimates Estimates Forecast Milk 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 Post Data Post Data Post Data Cows In Milk 154 144 144 Cow?s Milk Deliveries to Dairies 752 688 688 Other Milk Production 1,318 1,368 1,370 Total Milk Production/Deliveries 2,070 2,056 2,058 Extra EU27 Imports 0 0 0 Total Supply 2,070 2,056 2,058 Extra EU27 Exports 0 0 0 Fluid Use Dom. Consumption 471 473 470 Factory Use Dom. Consumption 1,771 1,779 1,767 Feed Use Dom. Consumption 0 0 0 Total Dom. Consumption 2,242 2,252 2,237 Total Distribution 2,242 2,252 2,237 Source: Eurostat + unofficial sources The Greek dairy industry is the third most important segment of the food and drink sector, accounting for 17 percent of the total. While the majority of milk collected in the EU comes from cows, the greater part of Greek milk comes from sheep and goats. According to Eurostat and unofficial sources, MY 2011/2012 Greek milk production, consumption, and trade are forecast to remain steady from the previous year. Germany supplies about 81% of Greece?s milk import demand. Greece exports small amounts of milk to Cyprus, Bulgaria, and Italy. Cheese Table 2: Greek Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2009 2010 2011 Estimates Estimates Forecast Cheese 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 Post Data Post Data Post Data Production 214,000 218,000 220,000 Extra EU27 Imports 0 0 0 Total Supply 214,000 218,000 220,000 Extra EU27 Exports 6 6 6 Human Dom. Consumption 285,000 283,000 285,000 Other Use, Losses 0 0 0 Total Dom. Consumption 285,000 283,000 285,000 Total Distribution 291,000 289,000 291,000 Source: Eurostat + unofficial sources MY 2011/2012 Greek cheese production, consumption, and trade are forecast to remain stable. Cheese is a traditional product of the Greek dairy industry. Cheese is produced mainly in Northern Greece and the mountainous areas throughout the country (Macedonia, Thrace, Epirus, Thessaly, Sterea Hellas, Peloponnisos, Lesvos, and Mitilini). Greece produces a large number of DOC (Controlled Denomination of Origin) cheeses from sheep and goat?s milk. (Anthotiros, Formaella of Parnassos, Graviera of Crete, Kasseri, Kalathaki of Limmos, Kefalograviera, Kefalotiri, Kopanisti, Ladotiri of Mitilini, Manouri, Metsovone, and Mizithra). Greek yogurt is made from both sheep and cow?s milk. Cheese products account for about 13 percent of sales in Greek supermarkets. Feta is the most well-known Greek cheese and the most consumed in Greece. It is made from 70 percent of sheep?s milk and 30 percent of goat?s milk. Feta is a type of brine matured cheese, packaged in traditional wooden barrels, tin vessels, or wrapped in plastic. It is growing in popularity in developed markets for its lower fat content, when compared to traditional European cheeses. Greece imports cheese mainly from Netherlands, Germany, and Denmark. Germany continues to be the main destination for Greek cheese exports, accounting for almost 35 percent of the total. Butter Table 3: Greek Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2009 2010 2011 Estimates Estimates Forecast Butter 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 Post Data Post Data Post Data Production 1,600 1,600 1,600 Extra EU27 Imports 0 0 0 Total Supply 1,600 1,600 1,600 Extra EU27 Exports 0 0 0 Human Dom. Consumption 11,000 12,000 12,000 Other Use, Losses 0 0 0 Total Dom. Consumption 11,000 12,000 12,000 Total Distribution 11,000 12,000 12,000 Source: Eurostat + unofficial sources Greek butter production is small and expected to remain stable at 1,600 MT. MY 2011/2012 Greek butter consumption and trade are forecast to remain steady from the previous year. Greece imports butter mainly from Germany and Denmark, which together account for 46 percent of total Greek imports. Abbreviations and definitions used in this report HS codes: Milk Fluid: 040110, 040120 Cheese: 040620, 040630, 040640, 040690 Butter: 040510 MT Metric ton = 1,000 kg MY Marketing year: January/December
Posted: 23 May 2011, last updated 23 May 2011

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