Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards

An Expert's View about Agriculture and Animal Husbandry in Guatemala

Posted on: 29 Feb 2012

This report provides a detailed explanation of the export certificates that Government of Guatemala requires for U.S. food and agricultural products to be imported.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 12/31/2011 GAIN Report Number: GT11013 Guatemala Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards - Certification FAIRS Export Certificate Report Approved By: Henry Schmick, Agricultural Counselor Prepared By: Karla Tay, Agricultural Specialist Report Highlights: This report provides a detailed explanation of the export certificates that Government of Guatemala requires for U.S. food and agricultural products to be imported. It contains links to official sites where specific inquiries can be made and responded to (for example, microbiological criteria or standards that must be complied with). It also provides a matrix of certificates required for certain processed products, which have requirements from both the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Health. Section I. List of All Export Certificates Required By Government (Matrix) : The Vice ministry of Plant and Animal Health and Regulations (VISAR) of the Ministry of Agriculture (MAGA) is the official entity that reviews all export certificates and issues import licenses. All food products, fresh or processed, must have in place all their export certificates to receive the approval of VISAR. If the product is processed, an additional registration procedure must be followed to acquire a permanent registration number (please refer to Guatemala FAIRS report GT11012). To receive the license, the following import documents (ORIGINALS) will be required for any animal or vegetable product for food consumption: Certificate of Origin: issued by the U.S. producer or exporter, or the Guatemalan importer, for duty treatment only. Sanitary and/or Phytosanitary Certificate: the sanitary certificate is equivalent to the Animal Health Certificate and the Phytosanitary Certificate is equivalent to the Plant Health Certificate. These plant or animal health certificates are issued by the official entity, sealed and signed by inspectors of the official list. APHIS will provide plant health certificates and animal health certificates while FSIS will issue meat export certificates (both for animal health purposes as well as for food safety purposes). If the product is for re-export, the country of origin certificate (sanitary or phytosanitary) should also be included and the U.S. re-export certificate (sanitary or phytosanitary) must clearly indicate the country of origin of the animal product or plant material. Commercial Invoice (exporter, recipient, date, invoice #, product description, unit price, net and total weight, type of exchange, CIF and FOB value). Bill of Lading Free Sale Certificate: issued by the official entity from its origin and must indicate that the food product is suitable for human consumption, if applicable. At present, Government of Guatemala (GOG) is not requiring a Certificate of Free Sale for Animal Products, as the FSIS certificate satisfies the food safety purpose of the free sales certificate. The Certificate of Free Sale is requested for processed food only, of non-animal origin, which needs to be registered at the Ministry of Health for commercialization purposes. Certificate of Attestation: this is a self-certification that companies need to issue for fresh agricultural products such as fruits and vegetables. This certificates avoids the need to present an independent food safety certificate (please look at attached form). Copies of these documents must be sent to your Guatemalan representative to advance the import license process. If food products are to be exported, the law requires a legal representative in Guatemala, who needs to have: Copy of the Sanitary License that accredits the company as an official importer; Copy of the Certificate of Sanitary Registration of the exporting company, issued by official authority; Copy of Eligibility Certificate of the country to export to Guatemala, if applicable (all meat plants under federal inspection are eligible as exporters) The law requires inspections at the point of entry and at the wholesale and retail levels for the wholesomeness of the product. As of 2010, primary processed foods are required to be registered. Food additives do not require registration. The Ministry of Economy published Ministerial Agreement No. 0573-2006 on October 17, 2006, which eliminates the need for a phytosanitary certificate as a requirement for imports and exports, an agreement in line with Resolution (175-2006) issued by the Central American Economic Integration Committee (COMIECO). This applies to the following products and by-products of vegetable origin: vegetable fats and oils and their products (crude or refined) prepared or preserved vegetables, fruits or nuts dried vegetables, fruits or nuts coffee, tea, mate and species* cereals and vegetable products raw materials used primarily in dyeing or tanning prepared foods miscellaneous edible preparations beverages, spirits and vinegar *Note: Unfortunately, food ingredients classified as seeds under the HS code of customs, need to come with a phytosanitary certificate, indicating that the ingredient seeds are free of weeds; otherwise, the seeds ingredients, though processed, will not be allowed to enter the country. Whether a product is eligible to enter will depend upon a risk assessment of the exporting country taking into account the presence or absence of certain diseases in Guatemala. All fresh or processed animal products are considered high risk. Plants under this high-risk category include: fresh or dehydrated medicinal plants; ethnic, fresh and dried fruits; grains and flours; ethnic and fresh vegetables; fruit and vegetable pulp either frozen or specially treated. For fresh vegetable products, considered in the high-risk category (please refer to Guatemala FAIRS report GT1012), a phytosanitary certificate needs to be included in addition of the Free Sales Certificate. Guatemala’s import requirements for the Sanitary and/or Phytosanitary Certificates are very strict. Export Certificate requirements are based on sanitary concerns in accordance with the exporting country’s Sanitary or Phytosanitary (SPS) status. However, Guatemala has granted some concessions to the United States, since it is Guatemala’s main trade partner and due to good government-to- government communications. In March 2006, Guatemala recognized the U.S. food safety inspection system as equivalent. Therefore, for U.S. meats and products, the FSIS Certificate of Wholesomeness is considered valid for Sanitary, Microbiological, and Free Sales purposes. Analytical certificates still need to be presented for all frozen and processed sea food products to expedite registration. U.S. exports often require an “attestation” of the corresponding certificates. Following is a table describing in detail attestations required in Guatemala for some products. The complete list of microbiological and analytical requirements for exports to comply with Guatemalan law on food products can be found at: http://portal.mspas.gob.gt/indice_de_alimentos.html. It is important to note that in June 2009, harmonized microbiological standards were established for Central America (please review previous link). Following is a matrix of the SPS requirements for some of the U.S. products exported to Guatemala: U.S. Product Title of Attestation Required on Certificate Purpos Requesting Origin or (s) Certificat e Ministry State e U.S. Rice Phytosani Shipment free of: Corcyra cephalonica, Cryptolestes ferrugineus, Quarant Agriculture- (paddy) tary Liposcelis bostrychophila, Trogoderma variabile. Fumigation treatment ine OIRSA Certificat with phosphamine with J-System (33 g of active ingredient/1000 cubic e feet). U.S. Rice Phytosani Shipment free of: Corcyra cephalonica, Cryptolestes ferrugineus, Quarant Agriculture- tary Liposcelis bostrychophila, Trogoderma variabile. ine OIRSA Certificat e U.S. Soybeans Phytosani Shipment free of: Tribolium confusum Quarant Agriculture- tary ine OIRSA Certificat e U.S. Wheat Phytosani Shipment free of: Ahasverus advena, Corcyra cephalonica, Cryptolestes Quarant Agriculture- tary ferrugineus, Cryptolestes pusillus, Liposcelis bostrychophila, Tribolium ine OIRSA Certificat confusum, Stegobium paniceum, Trogoderma variabile e U.S. Corn Phytosani Shipment free of: Ahasverus advena, Carpophilus, Carpophilus Quarant Agriculture- tary hemipterus, Corcyra cephalonica, Cryptolestes ferrugineus, Cryptolestes ine OIRSA Certificat pusillus, Liposcelis bostrychophila, Tribolium confusum, Stegobium e paniceum, Trogoderma variabile U.S. Corn Phytosani Shipment free of: Arceuthobium douglasii, Trogoderma variabile Quarant Agriculture- seed tary ine OIRSA Certificat e U.S. Beans Phytosani Shipment free of: Ahasverus advena, Carpophilus hemipterus, Corcyra Quarant Agriculture- tary cephalonica, Cryptolestes ferrugineus, Cryptolestes pusillus, Liposcelis ine OIRSA Certificat bostrychophila, Tribolium confusum, Stegobium paniceum, Trogoderma e variabile U.S. Oranges Phytosani Shipment free of: Xanthomona axonopodi pv. Citri, Imperata cylíndrica Quarant Agriculture- Florida tary ine OIRSA Certificat e U.S. Peaches Phytosani Shipment free of: Maconellicoccus hirsutus Quarant Agriculture- Florida tary ine OIRSA Certificat e U.S. Apples Phytosani Shipment free of: Nectria galligena Quarant Agriculture- Washingt tary ine OIRSA on Certificat e U.S. Potatoes Phytosani Shipment free of: Alternaria radicina, Phytophthora erythroseptica var. Quarant Agriculture- Idaho tary erythroseptica, Ditylenchus dipsaci, Ditylenchus destructor, ine OIRSA Certificat Helminthosporium solani, Tobacco rattle virus e U.S. Potatoes Phytosani Envio viene libre de las siguientes plagas: Meloidogyne chiwoodii, Quarant Agriculture- Washingt tary Ditylenchus dipsaci, Ditylenchus destructor ine OIRSA on Certificat e FLOURS AND OTHERS U.S., Wheat Phytosanitary Shipment is free of: Cryptolestes ferrugineus, Cryptolestes pusillus, Quarant Agriculture – Georgia Flour Certificate Liposcelis bostrychophila ine OIRSA U.S. Rice Phytosanitary Shipment is free of: Ahasverus advena, Carpophilus hemipterus, Quarant Agriculture - Flour Certificate Corcyra cephalonica, Cryptolestes ferrugineus, Cryptolestes ine OIRSA pusillus, Liposcelis bostrychophila, Stegobium paniceum, Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma variabile U.S. Oat Phytosanitary Shipment is free of: Ahasverus advena, Carpophilus hemipterus, Quarant Agriculture – Flour Certificate Corcyra cephalonica, Cryptolestes ferrugineus, Cryptolestes ine OIRSA pusillus, Liposcelis bostrychophila, Stegobium paniceum, Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma variabile U.S. Corn Phytosanitary Shipment is free of: Ahasverus advena, Carpophilus hemipterus, Quarant Agriculture – Flour Certificate Corcyra cephalonica, Cryptolestes ferrugineus, Cryptolestes ine OIRSA pusillus, Liposcelis bostrychophila, Stegobium paniceum, Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma variabile U.S. Corn Phytosanitary Shipment is free of: Ahasverus advena, Carpophilus hemipterus, Quarant Agriculture - Semolina Certificate Corcyra cephalonica, Cryptolestes ferrugineus, Cryptolestes ine OIRSA pusillus, Liposcelis bostrychophila, Stegobium paniceum, Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma variabile U.S. “Lupul” Phytosanitary NONE Quarant Agriculture - extract Certificate ine OIRSA U.S. Edible Phytosanitary NONE – except for species name Quarant Agriculture - mushroo Certificate ine OIRSA ms WOODS U.S. Hardwoo Phytosanitary Kill in dried treatment: The wood has a moisture content less than Quarant Agriculture - ds and Certificate 20% ine OIRSA Softwood s – Dried California Woods Phytosanitary Disease free of Xylosandrus germanus, Fomes fomentarius, Quarant Agriculture - North (green) Certificate Phellinus igniarius, Phytophtora ramorum (depending on wood ine OIRSA Carolina Maple species) South (Hacer), Carolina Nogal Mississip (Junglans pi ), Indiana Cherry Iowa (Prunus), Alabama Quercus, Georgia Pecan New (Carya), Jersey Pepperw Virginia ood Pennsylv Yellow Phytosanitary Kill in dried treatment: The wood has a moisture content less than Quarant Agriculture - ania poplar, Certificate 20% ine OIRSA Douglas fir, White fir, Pine U.S. Beef and FSIS Form The beef and beef products were derived from animals that were Animal Agriculture products 9060-5, Meat born and raised in the United States or were legally imported in and and Poultry accordance with U.S. import regulations. Human Export The beef and beef products were not derived from the following Health Certificate of specified risk materials: the brain, skull, eyes, trigeminal ganglia, Wholesomenes spinal cord, vertebral column (excluding the vertebrae of the tail, s the transverse processes of the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae, and the wings of the sacrum) and dorsal root ganglia of cattle 30 months of age and older, and the tonsils and distal ileum of the small intestine of any cattle regardless of age. The feeding of ruminants with ruminant origin meat-and-bone meal and greaves is prohibited in the United States. The cattle from which the beef and beef products were obtained were not subjected to a stunning process with a device injecting compressed air or gas into the cranial cavity, or to a pithing process. U.S. Fresh FSIS Form "The birds from which the meat was derived originated from farms Animal Agriculture poultry 9060-5, Meat located in a zone free of Newcastle disease and avian influenza as health products and Poultry defined by OIE” Export Fresh/frozen poultry derived from birds raised or processed in the Certificate of following State is not eligible for export to Guatemala:* Wholesomenes s Poultry from Minnesota is eligible if slaughtered on or after December 28, 2009.* U.S. Cooked FSIS Staphylococcus aureus Food Agriculture meat Certificate Safety Health – products Food Control (smoked meats and others) U.S. Eggs FSIS or AMS Import is allowed from countries or zones free of: a) Viscertotropic Animal Agriculture (table Certificate Velogenic Newcastle; b) Avian Influenza; c) Low Posture Health Health – fresh or Synd and Food Control rome; d) Pulorosis; e) Avian Typhoid; f) Infectious Avian refrigerat L Food aringotrachitis ed) Safety The sanitary certificate must attest that: 1. The farm or farms from which the eggs originate have not been subject to sanitary restrictions and have tested negative for: a) Viscertotropic Velogenic Newcastle, through viral isolation; b) Avian Influenza, through gel agar immunodifusion; c)Infectious Avian Laringotrachitis, Elisa; d) Salmonelosis, (S. enteritidis, typhimurium) isolates; e) Hepatitis through inclusion bodies, (Elisa), being the animals or samples tested under official supervision within the 30 days previous to the shipment. 2.Time elapsed in between posture and shipment does not exceed 72 hours. 3.The eggs have been officially certified by the competent authority of the exporting country as fit for human consumption. 4.The boxes and packaging material used to transport the eggs are new and have not been exposed to contamination with infectious agents that may affect the species. 5.The vehicles and containers were washed and disinfected, previous to the shipment of the product, using authorized products in the exporting country, in accordance with the importer country. The containers were sealed in a way that the seals can only be removed by the corresponding sanitary authorities of the in transit or final destination country. 6.In those cases in which the competent sanitary authority of the importer country considers valid, samples might be taken to verify the results of the attestations in the corresponding certificate. U.S. Eggs FSIS or AMS Import is allowed from countries or zones free of: a) Viscertotropic Animal Agriculture without Certificate Velogenic Newcastle; b) Avian Influenza; c) Low Posture Health Health – shell and Synd and Food Control rome; d) Pulorosis; e) Avian Typhoid; f) Infectious Avian egg yolks, L Food aringotrachitis Safety fresh, The Certificate must attest that: liquid, 1.The egg products have official certification from the competent authority of the exporter country, and are fit for human frozen or p consumption. reserve 2.The egg products have been packed in special boxes sealed d, recipients that guarantee their transportation and conservation, including authorized for food use, in which clearly appears in written: sugar product identification, establishment where the eggs were addition processed, authorization number assigned by the competent or authority, lot number and production date. The egg products were other conditioned for its transport in containers or normal vehicles, flavoring isothermal or thermo refrigerated that guarantee the temperature for conservation, refrigeration or freezing, according to the product. The containers were sealed in a way that the seals can only be removed by the corresponding sanitary authorities of the in transit or final destination country. 3.During its processing, the egg products were subject to a minimum temperature of 70°C for 10 min., which can be confirmed by graphic thermometer, placed in the inner part of the product. U.S. Eggs FSIS or AMS The sanitary certificate must attest that: Animal Agriculture without Certificate 1.The facility in which the eggs products were processed have Health Health – shell and official inspection and are officially authorized for export, both by and Food Control egg yolks, the exporter as importer country, based on CODEX Food dried, ALIMENTARIUS/FAO-OMS norms. Safety water or 2.The egg products have official certification from the competent vapor authority of the exporter country, and are fit for human cooked, consumption. including 3.The egg products have been conditioned in polyethylene wrap and sugar bottles or packages that guarantee their transportation and addition conservation, authorized for food use, in which clearly appears in or other written: product identification, establishment where the eggs were flavoring processed, authorization number assigned by the competent authority, lot number and production date. 4.The egg products are packed, in special boxes, sealed recipients dripping proof, if it is the case, clearly identifying the plant of origin and that they were conditioned for its transport in refrigerated containers that guarantee refrigeration or freezing temperature, according to the product. 5.The time elapsed in between its process and shipment is no longer than 6 months (applicable to frozen products). 6.The vehicles and containers were washed and disinfected, previous to the shipment of the product, using authorized products in the exporting country, in accordance with the importer country. The containers were sealed in a way that the seals can only be removed by the corresponding sanitary authorities of the in transit or final destination country. U.S. Raw FSIS E coli 0 157 H-7, Staphylococcus aureus Food AgricultureH meat Certificate Safety ealth – Food products Control (just packed) U.S. Canned FSIS Commercial Sterility Food Health – meat Certificate Safety Food Control U.S. Sugar Certificate of Enriched with Vitamin “A” (IU) , Sacarose content Food Health – Analysis Safety Food Control U.S. Salt Certificate of Iodine content (ppm), Moisture, Sodium chloride, Ash Food Health – Analysis Safety Food Control U.S. Fish and Certificate of Preservants, Organoleptic, Feces coliforms (E. coli), Staphylococcus Food Health – crustacea Analysis aureus, Salmonella sp. Safety Food Control ns raw Certificate of and Analysis frozen packed U.S. Fish and Free Sales Preservants, Organoleptics, Feces coliforms (E. coli), Food Health – crustacea Certificate Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella sp. Safety Food Control ns, Certificate of precooke Analysis d, cooked, salted, and smoked The bovine animals must be accompanied by a U.S. Origin Health Certificate in English and Spanish issued by a veterinarian so authorized by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and endorsed by a Veterinary Services (VS) veterinarian. The certificate must contain the name and address of the consignor and the consignee, and complete permanent identification (tattoo or iron brand) of the animals including number, breed, age, and sex of each animal to be exported. Additional certification must include: CERTIFICATION STATEMENTS 1. The United States is free of akabane, contagious bovine L pleuropnemonia, foot-and-mouth disease, Boophilus spp. ticks, ive Animal rinderpest, Rift valley fever and screwworm. cattle – Health 2. Regarding bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) the U younger Certificat Animal .S. following three statements are made: than 30 e H Agriculture ealth m a) The United States has had an active surveillance program in place onths (bilingual for more than a decade. This program has exceeded the international of age ) guidelines established by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). b) In the United States there are animal health regulations in place that prohibit the feeding of ruminants with meat and bone meal and greaves of ruminant origin since 1997. This prohibition is strictly enforced. c) The bovine animals to be exported to Guatemala, must be younger than 30 months of age, and have been identified with permanent identification which allows them to be traced back to their dam and herd of origin. In the herds of origin of the bovine animals there has not been any clinical evidence of BSE during the last seven (7) years. Note: Guatemala requires that the animals’ identification must allow them to be traced back from the country of destination to their dam and herd of origin in the United States. 3. The bovine animals were born, raised, and have remained in the United States. The farm of origin is located in the center of an area of at least 15 km radius around the farm in which no quarantine or clinical cases of infectious or contagious diseases of bovidae has been diagnosed including anthrax, leptospirosis, rabies, and vesicular stomatitis within 120 days prior to export. 4. The bovine animals originate from farms recognized as free of brucellosis and tuberculosis during the past 12 months and are not from any herd being depopulated due to these diseases. 5. The bovine animals originate from herds free of cases or outbreaks of the following diseases during the past 24 months: bovine leucosis, bovine infectious rhinotracheitis, bovine viral diarrhea, campylobacteriosis, and trichomoniasis. 6. The bovine animals were isolated under official supervision from other animals, and they remained so for not less than 30 days prior to the date of export. 7. Preventive treatments: All bovine animals were treated on _____________________, which is within 15 days prior to shipment, with _________________________, an approved product that provides broad-spectrum coverage against internal parasites. They were also treated at the same time with ________________________, an approved product for use against external parasites. In addition, all the animals were treated within 15 days prior to exportation with long-acting oxytetracycline IM at a dose of 20 mg/kg of live weight as a preventive treatment for leptospirosis. (Include product names, manufacturers, descriptions, lot numbers, and expiration dates.) 8. The bovine animals did not receive any other therapeutic or immunogenic treatment within 14 days previous to export. 9. [Male] [Female] bovine animals were not tested for campylobacteriosis and trichomoniasis because [males have never been used for natural breeding or have only mounted virgin females] [females are virgin]. 10. [The bovine animals were vaccinated for leptospirosis containing 5 serovars L. canicola, grippotyphosa, haemorrhagiae, hardjo, and icterohaemorrhagiae, black leg, shipping fever, malignant edema, bovine viral diarrhea, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis/infectious pustular vulvovaginitis, bovine respiratory syncytial virus and bovine parainfluenza 3]. TEST REQUIREMENTS All bovine animals must be tested with negative results as prescribed below within 30 days of shipment. The same tests may be repeated in Guatemala. 1. Tuberculosis: Intradermal test using bovine PPD tuberculin. 2. Brucellosis: Card test, complement fixation test, or any other officially recognized test, at a VS-certified laboratory. 3. Bovine leukosis: Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or agar-gel immunodiffusion (AGID) test. 4. Paratuberculosis (Johne’s disease): Delayed –type hypersensitivity test (DTH) or ELISA. 5. Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis: ELISA or serum neutralization (SN) at 1:8 or vaccination. Vaccinated animals must be certified as such. 6. Campylobacteriosis: Non virgin females: Either direct microscopic observation or culture of vaginal mucus. Virgin females are exempt. Males: Direct microscopic observation and culture of preputial smegma. Males that have never been used for natural breeding or have only mounted virgin females are exempt from this requirement. If no test is performed, an additional certification statement must be provided indicating the conditions. 7. Trichomoniasis: Non virgin females: Either direct microscopic observation or culture of vaginal mucus. Virgin females are exempt. Males: Direct microscopic observation and culture of preputial smegma. Males that have never been used for natural breeding or have only mounted virgin females are exempt from this requirement. If no test is performed, an additional certification statement must be provided indicating the conditions. VACCINATIONS 1. The animals were vaccinated for leptospirosis containing 5 serovars L. canicola, grippotyphosa, haemorrhagiae, hardjo, and icterohaemorrhagiae, black leg, shipping fever, malignant edema, bovine viral diarrhea, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis/infectious pustular vulvovaginitis, bovine respiratory syncytial virus and bovine parainfluenza 3. EMBARKATION STATEMENTS At the port of embarkation, a VS port veterinarian shall attach to the Origin Health Certificate and the copy of the laboratory test results, the Certificate of Inspection of Export Animals (VS Form 17-37) showing: 1. The name and address of the consignor. 2. The name and address of the consignee. 3. The number, sex and types of animals to be shipped. 4. A statement that the animals have been given a careful veterinary inspection at the port of embarkation and found free from evidence of communicable disease, tumors, fresh wounds or wounds in the process of healing, or ectoparasites within 24 hours of exportation. OTHER INFORMATION 1. In order to import live animals into Guatemala, the importer must request permission from the Vice Ministry for Animal and Plant Health and Regulationsof the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Foods (MAGA) not less than 15 days prior to the date of embarkation. Permission is based on submission of the following documents: origin health certificate, bill of lading, and complete invoice. A risk analysis or inspection for export at origin may be required. 2. The U.S. Origin Health Certificate is valid for 30 days from the date of issuance although this can be extended to 45 days if the animals have remained healthy and in isolation from other animals and the accredited veterinarian so certifies. 3. No animal, semen, fertilized ova, products, or equipments other than those listed on the import permit may be included in the shipment. 4. The animals must not transit any country under animal health quarantine in route to Guatemala. In case of extreme necessity, it is indispensable to have a special permit from the Vice Ministry for Animal and Plant Health and Regulations. 5. Vaccination against bovine brucellosis is recommended. The bovine semen must be accompanied by a U.S. Origin Health Certificate in English and Spanish issued by a veterinarian authorized by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and endorsed by a Veterinary Services (VS) veterinarian. The certificate must contain the name and address of both the consignor and consignee and complete identification of the semen to be exported, including the identification of the artificial insemination (AI) center, donor animals, date of processing of the semen, number of doses, and batch. Additional certification must include: Animal U Bovine Health Animal .S. Semen Cer CERTIFICATION STATEMENTS tifica t H Agriculture ealth e 1. The United States is free from foot-and-mouth disease, lumpy skin disease, Rift Valley fever, and rinderpest. 2. The semen originates from bulls in good health that were born and raised in the United States or from bulls legally imported into the country. 3. At the time of semen collection, the donor bulls were free from clinical signs of infectious diseases including, brucellosis, bovine genital campylobacteriosis (vibriosis), bovine genital trichomoniasis, bovine virus diarrhea (BVD), and tuberculosis. 4. The artificial insemination (AI) center from which the semen originated has been clinically free of the above mentioned diseases during the 30 days prior to semen collection. 5. The donor bulls were tested and examined prior to entry, during isolation before entering the resident herd, and before semen release for bovine genital campylobacteriosis, bovine genital trichomoniasis, brucellosis, leptospirosis and tuberculosis, in accordance with the CSS requirements or equivalent and found free from these diseases. 6. Prior to semen release, donor bulls were tested for BVD by virus isolation of whole blood or serum with negative results, and were tested by serum neutralization (SN) with negative results or semen was tested by virus isolation with negative results. 7. CSS manages the inspection and approval of donor bulls and AI centers under a Memorandum of Understanding with USDA APHIS. Under this agreement, each AI is inspected annually. 8. For heterospermic products, all donors have met the health conditions outlined in Certification Statements 2-7 and have met all testing requirements for the mentioned diseases. 9. The collection, handling, and processing of semen was done in accordance with CSS, OIE or equivalent standards. The semen doses were identified and labeled according to approved codes of the United States that indicates the date of collection. TEST REQUIREMENTS For resident bulls participants of the CSS program 1. Brucellosis: The bull is certified under CSS requirements. 2. Tuberculosis: The bull is certified under CSS requirements. 3. Leptospirosis: The bull is certified under CSS requirements. 4. Bovine virus diarrhea: The bull is certified under CSS requirements. 5. Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis: The bull is certified under CSS requirements. 6. Bovine leucosis: The bull is certified under CSS requirements. 7. Bovine genital trichomoniasis: The bull is certified under CSS requirements. 8. Bovine genital campylobacteriosis/vibriosis: The bull is certified under CSS requirements. For resident bulls non participants of the CSS program Each donor bull was negative to diseases listed under test requirements within the 6 months prior to or 6 months after semen collection for export. 1. Brucellosis: Card test, complement fixation test, buffered acidified plate antigen (BAPA) test, standard plate test (SPT), standard tube agglutination test (STT), or any other officially recognized test, at a VS-certified laboratory. 2. Tuberculosis: Intradermal skin test using bovine PPD tuberculin or other official USDA APHIS approved test. 3. Leptospirosis: Microtiter agglutination test at a 1:400 dilution for Leptospira canicola,L. grippotyphosa, L. hardjo, L. icterohaemorrhagiae, and L. pomona. Note. In lieu of testing for leptospirosis, donor bulls were treated with an effective antibiotic within 14 days prior to collection of semen for export. 4. Bovine virus diarrhea: During quarantine and before semen release, donor bulls were tested for BVD by virus isolation of whole blood or serum with negative results, and were tested by serum neutralization with negative results or semen was tested by virus isolation with negative results. (Testing not required to be within 6 months prior or post date of collection, rather prior to entry into resident herd and before semen release. See CSS regulations.) 5. Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis: ELISA or serum neutralization test, or virus isolation of semen to be exported. 6. Bovine leukosis: AGID test or ELISA in serum or PCR in semen. 7. Bovine genital trichomoniasis: Microscopic exam of cultured preputial material or PCR of preputial material. 8. Bovine genital campylobacteriosis/vibriosis: Microscopic exam of cultured preputial material or PCR of preputial material. OTHER INFORMATION 1. In order to import live animal semen into Guatemala, the importer must request permission from the Vice Ministry for Animal and Plant Health and Regulations of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Foods (MAGA) not less than 30 days prior to the date of embarkation. Permission is based on submission of the following documents; origin health certificate, bill of lading, and complete invoice describing the merchandise. 2. The tanks used to transport semen must either be new or disinfected with an approved disinfectant before being used and authorized for transport to the place of shipment. Tanks must be sealed by an accredited veterinarian using official USDA seals. 3. Transported tanks with broken or altered seals will be rejected on arrival in Guatemala. Seals will be removed only by official veterinarian in Guatemala. In case of need to inspect or recharge transport tanks, veterinary officials at any transit port are required to notify in writing on the health certificate the reason and replacement seal numbers. 4. No animal, semen, fertilized ova, products, or equipments other than those listed on the import permit may be included in the shipment. 5. Animal health requirements for an artificial insemination center complying with the minimum requirements of Certified Semen Services (CSS) are available on http://www.naab- css.org/about_css/disease_control.html.. Health Certificate No.____________ (Valid Only if the USDA Veterinary Seal Appears Over the Certificate #) For Artificial Insemination Centers no qualifying under the CSS Requirements I. DONOR BULL AND SEMEN IDENTIFICATION II. NAME AND ADDRESS OF ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION CENTER ARTIFICIAL _______________________________________________________ _________________ Name and addresss of the shipper _______________________________________________________ _________________ III. DESTINATION OF THE SEMEN / LUGAR DE DESTINO DEL SEMEN Name and Address of Consignee ____________________________ Bull registration number/name Straw identification Number of straws Date collected Sire breed Health Certificate No.____________ (Valid Only if the USDA Veterinary Seal Appears Over the Certificate #) IV. HEALTH DATA A. CERTIFICATION STATEMENTS The undersigned officially accredited veterinarian hereby certifies the following in relation to the bulls described above: 1. The United States is free from foot-and-mouth disease, lumpy skin disease, Rift Valley fever, and rinderpest. 2. The semen originates from bulls in good health that were born and raised in the United States or from bulls legally imported into the country in compliance with the requirements of the Code of Federal Regulations. 3. At the time of semen collection, the donor bulls were free from clinical evidence of infectious diseases including, brucellosis, bovine genital campylobacteriosis (vibriosis), bovine genital trichomoniasis, bovine virus diarrhea (BVD), and tuberculosis. 4. The artificial insemination (AI) center from which the semen originated has been clinically free of the above mentioned diseases during the 30 days prior to semen collection. 5. The donors were tested and examined prior to entry, during isolation before entering the resident herd, and before semen release for bovine genital campylobacteriosis, bovine genital trichomoniasis, brucellosis, leptospirosis and tuberculosis, in accordance with the CSS requirements, OIE, or equivalent and found free from these diseases. Health Certificate No.____________ (Valid Only if the USDA Veterinary Seal Appears Over the Certificate #) bovine semen non CSS-HC 6. Prior to semen release, donor bulls were tested for BVD by virus isolation of whole blood or serum with negative results, and were tested by serum neutralization (SN) with negative results or semen was tested by virus isolation with negative results. 7. For heterospermic products, all donors have met the health conditions outlined in Certification Statements 2-6 and have met all specified testing conditions. 8. The collection, handling, and processing of semen was done in accordance with CSS, OIE or equivalent standards. The semen doses were identified and labeled according to approved codes of the United States that indicates the date of collection. B. TESTS AND PROCEDURES CONDUCTED The required tests were performed in laboratories approved by Veterinary Services. On the dates indicated, the donor bulls were qualified as follows: 1. Brucellosis: [Note: Indicate date, test, and test interpretation per animal. Health Certificate No.____________ (Valid Only if the USDA Veterinary Seal Appears Over the Certificate #) 2. Tuberculosis / Tuberculosis: [Note: Indicate date, test, and test interpretation per animal. Nota: Indicar la prueba usada, fecha y resultado por cada animal.] 3. Leptospirosis / Leptospirosis: [Note: Indicate method, date, test and/or treatment, and test interpretation per animal. *[Method 1] For bulls qualifying with testing, titers less than 1:400 Bull/Toro Date/Fecha Test/Prueba Test Interpretation/Resultado Serotype/serotipo: L.c. L.g. L.h. L.p. L.i. *[Method 2 Bulls qualifying with antibiotic treatment Bull/ Date of treatment 4. Bovine virus diarrhea: [Note: Indicate date, test, and test interpretation per animal. Health Certificate No.____________ (Valid Only if the USDA Veterinary Seal Appears Over the Certificate #) Bull/Toro Date/Fecha Test/Prueba Test terpretation/Resultado 5. Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis / Rinotraqueitis infecciosa bovina: [Note: Indicate date, test, and test interpretation per animal] Bull/Toro Date/Fecha Test/Prueba Test Interpretation/Resultado 6. Enzootic bovine leukosis [Note: Indicate date, test, and test interpretation per animal] Bull/Toro Date/Fecha Test/Prueba Test Interpretation/Resultado 7. Trichomoniasis / Tricomoniosis: [Note: Indicate date, test, and test interpretation per animal.] Bull/Toro Date/Fecha Test/Prueba Test Interpretation/Resultado Health Certificate No.____________ (Valid Only if the USDA Veterinary Seal Appears Over the Certificate #) The bovine embryos must be accompanied by a U.S. Origin Health A Certificate (VS Form 17- 140) with certifications in English and nimal Spanish, issued by a veterinarian authorized by the U.S. Department U Bovine Health Quarant.S. Em of Agriculture (USDA) and endorsed by a Veterinary Services (VS) Agriculture bryos Ce rtificat ine veterinarian. The certificate shall contain the name and address of e both the consignor and consignee and the complete identification of the embryos to be exported including identification of the embryo collection center or unit, donor animals, and date of collection and number of embryos on each straw. Additional information must include: CERTIFICATION STATEMENTS 1. The United States is free from Akabane, contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, foot-and-mouth disease, malignant catarrhal fever, Rift Valley fever, and rinderpest. 2. The embryos originate from cattle in good health that were born and raised in the United States. 3. The donor animals are on premises, in which during the 60 days prior to and the 30 days after collection, there have not been any quarantine restrictions and the animals have not presented any clinical signs of infectious diseases. The donor animals were clinically inspected by the veterinarian of the collection unit of embryos and he found them in good health and without signs of disease. 4. The Embryo Collection Unit (ECU) is officially inspected and approved by USDA to operate under the supervision of an accredited veterinarian. The ECU has a trained and experienced staff and a well equipped laboratory to be able to comply with the procedures established by International Embryo Transfer Society (IETS) to produce embryos free of pathogens that produce brucellosis, enzootic bovine leukosis, and infectious bovine rhinotracheitis/infectious pustular vulvovaginitis complex (IBR/IPV). 5. The semen used to inseminate the donor cows that generated the embryos meets the approved requirements for bovine semen exported to Guatemala. 6. The collection, processing, and freezing of the embryos were done under the supervision of a USDA-accredited veterinarian, following the guidelines of the International Embryo Transfer Society (IETS) and OIE. TESTING REQUIREMENTS The donor cow was tested negative for the following diseases either within 3 months prior to or 3 months after the collection of the embryos for export: 1. Tuberculosis: Intradermal test using mammalian purified protein derivative (PPD) tuberculin. 2. Brucellosis: Any USDA brucellosis official test. 3. Vesicular stomatitis: Serum virus neutralization test at a dilution of 1:8 4. Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis: Serum virus neutralization test at a dilution of 1: 8. NOTE: If the embryos were treated with trypsin, the tests for brucellosis and IBR may be omitted, however, it must be certified on the certificate that the embryos were trypsin treated according to the established IETS guidelines. OTHER INFORMATION 1. In order to import live animals into Guatemala, the importer must request permission from the Vice Ministry for Animal and Plant Health and Regulations of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Foods (MAGA) not less than 15 days prior to the date of embarkation. Permission is based on Guatemala, Breeding cattle submission of the following documents: origin health certificate, bill of lading, and complete invoice. A risk analysis or inspection for export at origin may be required. 2. The tanks used to transport the embryos must either be new or disinfected with an approved disinfectant before being used and authorized for transport to the place of shipment. Tanks must be sealed by an accredited veterinarian using official USDA seals. 3. Transported tanks with broken or altered seals will be rejected or destroyed upon arrival in Guatemala. Seals will be removed only by official veterinarians in Guatemala. In case of need to inspect or recharge transport tanks, veterinary officials at any transit port are required to notify in writing on the health certificate the reason and replacement seal numbers. The animals must be accompanied by a U.S. Origin Health Certificate in English and Spanish issued by a veterinarian so authorized by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and endorsed by a Veterinary Services (VS) veterinarian. The certificate must contain the name and address of the consignor and the consignee, and complete identification of the animals to be exported. Additional certification must include: CERTIFICATION STATEMENTS 1. The United States is free from African horse sickness, Borna disease, dourine, epizootic lymphangitis, equine trypanosomosis (surra), glanders, horse pox, Japanese encephalitis, melioidosis, piroplasmosis, and Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis. 2. At the farm/s of origin of the horses there have been no diagnosed cases of contagious equine metritis (CEM). The horses in this shipment were tested, by culture and agent identification with negative results, for CEM. 3. The animals originate from areas that are free of cases or outbreaks during the past 12 months of: coital exanthema, equine rhinopneumonitis, equine viral arteritis, Eastern and Western equine encephalitis, scabies, and ulcerative lymphangitis. 4. The animals were born or raised in the United States or were resident for not less than 90 days. The farm of origin is located in the center of an area of at least 15 km radius around the farm in which no quarantine or clinical evidence of infectious or contagious diseases of horses has been diagnosed within 120 days prior to export. 5. In the farm(s) of origin no cases of equine infectious anemia, equine influenza, equine viral arteritis, leptospirosis, rabies, salmonella abortion, West Nile virus or vesicular stomatitis have been diagnosed in the last 90 days prior to export. A 6. Preventive treatments: All animals were treated on nimal _____________________, which is within 15 days prior to U Live Health Quarant.S. Ho shipment, with _________________________, an approved product Agriculture rses Ce rtificat ine that provides broad-spectrum coverage against internal parasites and e is considered to be ovicidal and larvacidal. They were also treated at the same time with ________________________, an approved product for use against external parasites. (Include product names, manufacturers, descriptions, lot numbers, and expiration dates.) 7. The animals have been isolated from other animals under official supervision, and they will remain so for a total of at least 30 days prior to the date of export. Each animal has been identified with hot iron, tattoo, or any permanent identification. 8. The animals over six months of age were vaccinated for Eastern and Western equine encephalitis, equine influenza, equine viral arteritis and Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis. 9. Horses were vaccinated against West Nile virus with an approved vaccine using a complete series of two vaccinations of killed vaccine, the second within 21 to 42 days following the first. Nursing colts with their mare were vaccinated at three months of age or older. 10. The animals did not receive any other therapeutic or immunogenic treatment within 30 days previous to export. 11. There were no clinical signs of contagious equine metritis detected in the animals prior to embarkation. The animals did not have any contact with CEM infected animals after testing negative for CEM. 12. The United States requires under Title 9 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Parts 91.18 and 91.19 that vehicles and vessels used to transport the animals at the local or international level and related equipment must be first cleaned and disinfected under official supervision prior to international shipment of the animals. Sea vessels transporting animals to Guatemala must be cleaned and disinfected in international waters. TEST REQUIREMENTS All animals must be tested with negative results as prescribed below within 30 days of shipment. 1. Equine infectious anemia: Agar-gel immunodiffusion test. Anemia infecciosa equina: Inmunodifusión agar-gel. 2. Equine viral arteritis: For stallions, semen culture or virus neutralization test in a USDA approved laboratory. 3. Brucellosis: Card test, complement fixation test, or any other officially recognized test, at a VS-certified laboratory. 4. West Nile virus: Capture IgM ELISA. Nursing colts with the dam do not need to be tested. 5. Leptospirosis: Microtiter agglutination test at a 1:400 dilution for Leptospira canicola, L. grippotyphosa, L. hardjo, L. icterohemorrhagiae, and L. pomona. Positive animals may be treated with long-acting oxytetracycline at a dose of 20 mg/kg within 20 days of embarkation. 6. Contagious equine metritis: Culture and agent identification. Metritis equina contagiosa: Cultivo e identificación del agente. Horses younger than 2 years and geldings of any age are exempted from this test. EMBARKATION CERTIFICATION At the port of embarkation, a VS port veterinarian shall attach to the Origin Health Certificate and the original laboratory test results, the Certificate of Inspection of Export Animals (VS Form 17-37) showing: 1. The name and address of the consignor. 2. The name and address of the consignee. 3. The number, sex and types of animals to be shipped. 4. A statement that the animals have been given a careful veterinary inspection at the port of embarkation and found free from evidence of communicable disease, tumors, fresh wounds or wounds in the process of healing, or ectoparasites within 24 hours of exportation. OTHER INFORMATION- INFORMACION ADICIONAL 1. In order to import live animals into Guatemala, the importer must request permission from the Vice Ministry for Animal and Plant Health and Regulations of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Foods (MAGA) not less than 15 days prior to the date of embarkation. Permission is based on submission of the following documents: certificate of origin, international animal health certificate, bill of lading, and complete invoice. A risk analysis or inspection for export at origin may be required. 2. The U.S. Origin Health Certificate is valid for 30 days from the date of issuance although this can be extended to 45 days if the animals have remained healthy and in isolation from other animals and the accredited veterinarian so certifies. 3. No animal, semen, fertilized ova, products, or equipments other than those listed on the import permit may be included in the shipment. 4. The animals must not transit any country under animal health quarantine in route to Guatemala. In case of extreme necessity, it is indispensable to have a special permit from the Vice Ministry for Animal and Plant Health and Regulations. 5. Guatemala requires that the country of origin remain free of emerging and exotic diseases affecting equidae. 6. Animal health authorities in Guatemala require an additional certification of control of ectoparasites and insects conducted during the last 12 hours at the port of embarkation. The animals must be accompanied by a U.S. Origin Health Certificate in English and Spanish issued by a veterinarian so authorized by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and Animal endorsed by a Veterinary Services (VS) veterinarian. The certificate shall contain the name U ve Health Quarant.S Li. Sheep Ce rtificat and Agriculture address of the consignor and the consignee, and complete ine e identification of the animals to be exported such as number, breed, age, and sex. Additional certification must include: CERTIFICATION STATEMENTS 1. The United States is free of akabane disease, contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (Mycoplasma mycoides), East coast fever, foot- and-mouth disease, goat and sheep pox, heartwater, Nairobi disease, peste des petits ruminants, Rift Valley fever and trypanosomosis (Nagana). 2. The animals were born and raised in the United States. Each animal has been individually identified with tattoo, hot iron or any other permanent method of identification. (Eartag is not accepted). The animals have been in isolation in facilities officially approved, by an accredited veterinarian, for a minimum of 30 days prior to embarkation. 3. The farm(s) of origin and surrounding farm(s) is (are) located in the center of an area of at least 16 km radius around the farm(s) where no official quarantine or sanitary restrictions have been established due to the presence of any contagious or transmissible disease during the 6 months prior to embarkation. During this time, there have not been any outbreaks of enterotoxaemia, enzootic abortion of ewes, bluetongue, ovine pulmonary adenomatosis, contagious agalactiae, ovine epididymitis, maedi-visna, Q fever, salmonellosis, keratoconjunctivitis, rabies, anthrax, black leg, scrapie, vesicular stomatitis, malignant edema, contagious ecthyma, caprine arthritis/encephalitis, and campylobacteriosis at these farms. 4. The flock(s) of origin of the animals for export has(ve) been enrolled in the Scrapie Flock Certification Program for at least 12 months prior to the date of export. During the 5 years prior to export, the flock has not been designated a scrapie infected or source flock and is not currently designated a scrapie exposed flock. The animals for export are not the progeny of parents infected with scrapie and they did not show any clinical signs of scrapie on the date of inspection. 5. The animals have not been fed concentrates or ingredients of animal origin, except non prohibited products as per guidance from the Center for Veterinary Medicine, Food and Drug Administration. The United States prohibits the feeding of ruminant origin meat and bone meal and greaves to ruminant animals and this prohibition is strictly enforced. 6. All animals were treated on _____________________, which is within 15 days prior to shipment, with _________________________, an approved product that provides broad-spectrum coverage against internal parasites. They were also treated on the same date with ________________________, an approved product for use against external parasites. 7. As a preventive treatment for leptospirosis, all the animals were treated on the same date with one dose of long-acting oxytetracycline IM at a dose of 20 mg/kg of live weight. 8. The animals did not receive any other therapeutic or immunogenic treatment within 14 days prior to export. 9. None of the animals in the shipment has been removed due to eradication measures in the programs for brucellosis and tuberculosis. 10. The United States requires under Title 9 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Parts 91.18 and 91.19 that vehicles and vessels used to transport the animals at the local or international level and related equipment must be first cleaned and disinfected under official supervision prior to international shipment of the animals. TEST REQUIREMENTS All animals must be tested with negative results as prescribed below within 30 days of shipment. The same tests may be repeated in Guatemala. 1. Tuberculosis: One intradermal caudal intradermal tuberculin test. 2. Brucellosis: B. abortus, B. ovis and B. melitensis. One test using the card test, ELISA, complement fixation (CF) test, BAPA test, or any other officially recognized test, at a VS-certified laboratory. 3. Bluetongue: One test AGID (Agar-gel immunodiffusion) test or ELISA. Animals that test positive may be further tested by either PCR or virus isolation conducted at the National Veterinary Services Laboratories. A negative PCR or virus isolation test will override a positive ELISA or AGID and animals will be released based on these negative results. 4. OPP/Maedi-Visna: One test AGID or CF test or ELISA. Maedi- Visna: Una prueba AGID, FC, o ELISA. 5. Campylobacteriosis: Non virgin females: One culture of the vaginal mucus. Virgin females are exempt. Males: culture of preputial smegma. Males that have never been used for natural breeding or have only mounted virgin females are exempt from this requirement. If no test is performed, an additional certification statement must be provided indicating these conditions. EMBARKATION STATEMENTS \At the port of embarkation, a VS port veterinarian shall attach to the Origin Health Certificate to the Certificate of Inspection of Export Animals (VS Form 17-37) showing: 1. The name and address of the consignor. 2. The name and address of the consignee. 3. The number, sex and category of animals to be shipped. 4. A statement that the animals have been given a careful veterinary inspection at the port of embarkation and found free from evidence of communicable disease, tumors, fresh wounds or wounds in the process of healing, or ectoparasites within 24 hours of exportation. OTHER INFORMATION 1. In order to import live animals into Guatemala, the importer must request permission from the Vice Ministry for Animal and Plant Health and Regulations of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Foods (MAGA) not less than 15 days prior to the date of embarkation. Permission is based on submission of the following documents; certificate of origin, international animal health certificate, bill of lading, and complete invoice. A risk analysis or inspection for export at origin may be required. 2. The U.S. Origin Health Certificate is valid for 30 days from the date of issuance although this can be extended to 45 days if the animals have remained healthy and in isolation from other animals and the accredited veterinarian so certifies. 3. The animals must not transit any country under animal health quarantine in route to Guatemala. In case of extreme necessity, it is indispensable to have a special permit from the Vice Ministry for Animal and Plant Health and Regulations. Guatemala reserves the right to reject any importation of sheep or goats if the Vice Ministry for Animal and Plant Health and Regulations determines that the sanitary status of the country of origin is a risk for Guatemala. The animals must be accompanied by a U.S. Origin Health Certificate in English and Spanish issued by a veterinarian so authorized by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and endorsed by a Veterinary Services (VS) veterinarian. The certificate shall contain the name and address of the consignor and the consignee, and complete identification of the animals to be exported such as number, breed, age, and sex. Additional certification must include: An imal CERTIFICATION STATEMENTS U Live Health Quarant.S. Goa 1 Agriculture . The United States is free of akabane disease, contagious caprine ts Ce rtificat ine e pleuropneumonia (Mycoplasma mycoides), East coast fever, foot- and-mouth disease, goat and sheep pox, heartwater, Nairobi disease, peste des petits ruminants, Rift Valley fever and trypanosomosis (Nagana). 2. The animals were born and raised in the United States. Each animal has been individually identified with tattoo, hot iron or any other permanent method of identification. (Eartag is not accepted). The animals have been in isolation in facilities officially approved, by an accredited veterinarian, for a minimum of 30 days prior to embarkation. 3. The farm(s) of origin and surrounding farm(s) is (are) located in the center of an area of at least 16 km radius around the farm(s) where no official quarantine or sanitary restrictions have been established due to the presence of any contagious or transmissible disease during the 6 months prior to embarkation. During this time, there have not been any outbreaks of enterotoxaemia, enzootic abortion of ewes, bluetongue, ovine pulmonary adenomatosis, contagious agalactiae, bovine epididymitis, maedi-visna, Q fever, salmonellosis, keratoconjunctivitis, rabies, anthrax, black leg, scrapie, vesicular stomatitis, malignant edema, contagious ecthyma, caprine arthritis/encephalitis, and campylobacteriosis at these farms. 4. The flock(s) of origin of the animals for export has(ve) been registered in the Scrapie Flock Eradication Program for at least 12 months prior to the date of export. During the 5 years prior to export, the flock has not been designated a scrapie infected or source flock and is not currently designated a scrapie exposed flock. The animals for export are not the progeny of parents infected with scrapie and they did not show any clinical signs of scrapie on the date of inspection. 5. The animals have not been fed concentrates or ingredients of animal origin, except non prohibited products as per guidance from the Center for Veterinary Medicine, Food and Drug Administration. The United States prohibits the feeding of ruminant origin meat and bone meal and greaves to ruminant animals and this prohibition is strictly enforced. 6. All animals were treated on _____________________, which is within 15 days prior to shipment, with _________________________, an approved product that provides broadspectrum coverage against internal parasites. They were also treated on the same date with ________________________, an approved product for use against external parasites. (Include product trade name, active ingredient, and lot number.) 7. As a preventive treatment for leptospirosis, all the animals were treated on the same date with one dose of long-acting oxytetracycline IM at a dose of 20 mg/kg of live weight. 8. The animals did not receive any other therapeutic or immunogenic treatment within 14 days prior to export. 9. None of the animals in the shipment has been removed due to eradication measures in the programs for brucellosis and tuberculosis. 10. The United States requires under Title 9 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Parts 91.18 and 91.19 that vehicles and vessels used to transport the animals at the local or international level and related equipment must be first cleaned and disinfected under official supervision prior to international shipment of the animals. TEST REQUIREMENTS All animals must be tested with negative results as prescribed below within 30 days of shipment. The same tests may be repeated in Guatemala. 1. Tuberculosis: One intradermal caudal intradermal tuberculin test. 2. Brucellosis: B. abortus, and B. melitensis. One test using the card test, ELISA, complement fixation (CF) test, BAPA test, or any other officially recognized test, at a VS-certified laboratory. 3. Bluetongue: One test AGID (Agar-gel immunodiffusion) test or ELISA. Animals that test positive may be further tested by either PCR or virus isolation conducted at the National Veterinary Services Laboratories. A negative PCR or virus isolation test will override a positive ELISA or AGID and animals will be released based on these negative results. 4. Caprine viral arthritis/encephalitis: One AGID test or ELISA. 5. Campylobacteriosis: Non virgin females: One culture of the vaginal mucus. Virgin females are exempt. Males: culture of preputial smegma. Males that have never been used for natural breeding or have only mounted virgin females are exempt from this requirement. If no test is performed, an additional certification statement must be provided indicating these conditions. EMBARKATION STATEMENTS At the port of embarkation, a VS port veterinarian shall attach to the Origin Health Certificate to the Certificate of Inspection of Export Animals (VS Form 17-37) showing: 1. The name and address of the consignor. 2. The name and address of the consignee. 3. The number, sex and category of animals to be shipped. 4. A statement that the animals have been given a careful veterinary inspection at the port of embarkation and found free from evidence of communicable disease, tumors, fresh wounds or wounds in the process of healing, or ectoparasites within 24 hours of exportation. OTHER INFORMATION 1. In order to import live animals into Guatemala, the importer must request permission from the Vice Ministry for Animal and Plant Health and Regulations of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Foods (MAGA) not less than 15 days prior to the date of embarkation. Permission is based on submission of the following documents; certificate of origin, international animal health certificate, bill of lading, and complete invoice. A risk analysis or inspection for export at origin may be required. 2. The U.S. Origin Health Certificate is valid for 30 days from the date of issuance although this can be extended to 45 days if the animals have remained healthy and in isolation from other animals and the accredited veterinarian so certifies.
Posted: 29 February 2012

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