Livestock and Products Annual

An Expert's View about Cattle in India

Last updated: 29 Sep 2011

Strong dairy demand continues to fuel herd [Cattle, Cows, Buffalo] growth and is expected to continue in 2012. CY2012 combined stocks forecast more than 4 percent growth over 2011 at 325 million heads.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 9/14/2011 GAIN Report Number: IN1184 India Livestock and Products Annual 2011 Approved By: Thom Wright Prepared By: Ritambhara Singh Report Highlights: Strong dairy demand continues to fuel herd growth and is expected to continue in 2012. CY2012 combined stocks forecast more than 4 percent growth over 2011 at 325 million heads. Given ample buffalo populations and competitive Indian prices, the Indian buffalo meat industry has become one of the largest bovine meat producers in the world, with growth almost uniquely focused on the export market. CY 2012 production of Indian buffalo meat is forecast to rise to a record 3.16 million tons (on a Carcass Weight Equivalent basis), up six percent up from CY 2011. In the last two years, exports have grown to record levels, making India the third country in the world to export more than 1 million tons of bovine meat annually. CY 2012 buffalo meat exports are forecast at 1.15 million tons, up 12 percent from 1.02 million tons in CY 2011. Commodities: Animal Numbers, Cattle Meat, Beef and Veal Production: As the world?s largest dairy consumer, India?s bovine herd continues to grow to meet domestic dairy demand. According to the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), consumer demand for milk and milk products is growing at approximately double the growth rate of production. As a result, strong dairy demand continues to fuel herd growth, and has also paved the way for improved management practices. Private and cooperative sector led extension in the dairy field, along with the rise of artificial insemination services are pushing up herd numbers. Thus, herd growth is expected to continue in the short-term, with CY2012 combined stocks forecast more than 4 percent over 2011 at 325 million heads. CY2011 combined stocks for cattle and buffalo are estimated at 320.80 million heads, and CY2010 stocks have been revised upwards to 316.40 million heads to reflect growth in the bovine herd. Buffalo meat production has experienced significant increases recently, mainly due to the relative low cost of Indian buffalo meat compared to other international suppliers. Increasing animal inventories have also facilitated lower costs and overall buffalo meat production. As a result, the Indian buffalo meat industry has become one of the largest bovine meat producers in the world, with growth almost uniquely focused on the export market. Although no official statistics are available, CY 2012 production of Indian buffalo meat is forecast to rise to a record 3.16 million tons (on a Carcass Weight Equivalent basis), up six percent up from CY 2011. CY 2011 buffalo meat production is estimated at 2.98 million tons and CY 2010 production has been revised slightly up to 2.84 million tons. India?s cattle and buffalo population is made up of small holdings distributed among millions of farmers and is characterized by a ?low-input/low-output model,? which emphasizes low-cost or no-cost feed rations. However, in order to increase dairying productivity, the Government of India (GOI) is promoting various programs and technologies, including artificial insemination. As a result, industry and government sources have indicated that the Indian herd will level off and decline in the long-term, as more productive technologies are introduced and more efficient producers enter the market. Similarly, industry sources indicate that buffalo meat production will likely peak within the next two to three years, as Indian buffalo meat prices achieve parity with competing producers. According to India?s most recent Livestock Census (2007), buffalo make up approximately one third of India?s total bovine population. Buffalo are preferred for their high milk fat content and their adaptability to Indian agricultural conditions. Indian dairy farmers typically earn a bonus for producing buffalo milk. Additionally, farmers can earn secondary income from selling buffalo calves for slaughter, and the buffalo meat industry sources report healthy, growing populations in the regions surrounding buffalo slaughter facilities due to this incentive. Conversely, cattle are preferred by milk producers for their consistent supply and potential for improved yields through imported genetics and management practices. Given the positive benefits of both species, it is likely that the ratio of animals will remain similar in the short term. In the long term, however, many industry sources believe that increased milk production from cattle will lead to a smaller buffalo population. Feeding practices in the Indian cattle sector reflect the ?low-input/low-output model,? resulting in feed rations that are based on locally available agricultural bi-products including wheat and rice straw, sugar cane tops, and oil cakes. Commercially prepared feed, feed grains and silage, while available, is not used extensively. According to feed industry representatives, the cattle sector presently constitutes a small portion of their total business. The Indian government, recognizing the importance of feed availability, announced the Accelerated Fodder Development Program (AFDP) announced in Indian Financial Year 2011-12 (April-March). Indian law prohibits the slaughter of productive (in milk) bovines. Indian federal and state laws also prohibit the slaughter of cattle (male and female) for religious concerns. Buffalo slaughter is allowed, however this is restricted to male buffaloes and unproductive female buffaloes. Of late, an increasing number of slaughter facilities in buffalo populated regions have encouraged some farmers to salvage and sell male buffalo calves which were previously unused. Given this incentive, meat production is increasing, in part, through the salvage of animals which previously went unused. According to the Ministry of Food Processing Industries, the state of Uttar Pradesh in India is the largest producer and exporter of buffalo meat, accounting for roughly 70 percent of the production. South India produces around 17 percent of the total buffalo meat with the state of Andhra Pradesh accounting for the largest share. Production Policy The Government of India initiated a major program with a focus on genetic improvement entitled ?National Project on Cattle and Buffalo Breeding (NPCBB)? in October 2000 for a period of 10 years. Given the success of this project, the GOI has decided to continue this program through the 11th Five Year Plan period (2007 -2012). Government sources indicate that the project is helping to increase both the number of crossbred animals as well as to increase the number of in-milk animals over the last decade. A major pillar of the GOI?s livestock development strategy has been the subsidized public delivery of veterinary services. To improve the quality of veterinary services, the Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries (DAHD), Ministry of Agriculture, GOI, is implementing the 2009 ?Livestock Health and Disease Control? program on a nation-wide basis, which aims to improve the diagnosis of a series of common diseases. The various components of the program are: (a) Assistance to States for Control of Animal Diseases; (b) National Project on Rinderpest Eradication; (c) Professional Efficiency Development; and (d) Foot & Mouth Disease Control Program. In order to effectively tackle the issue of livestock health, the scheme was expanded in August 2010 by including four new components and enlarging the scope of the Foot and Mouth Disease Control Program. These new components are: (a) The National Control Program of Peste des Petits Ruminants; (b)The National Animal Disease Reporting System; (c) Establishment and strengthening of existing veterinary hospitals/dispensaries; and (d) National Control Program of Brucellosis. Based on the assessments and recommendations made by the GOI Standing Committee of Parliament and the Planning Commission, DAHD launched two major schemes under the 11th five year plan. These schemes are The Salvaging and Rearing of Male Buffalo Calves Scheme and The Utilization of Fallen Animals Scheme. The schemes are funded by the National Bank for Agricultural and Rural Development (NABARD) and are being launched in a bid to achieve a growth rate of 10 percent for the meat sector in the 11th Five-Year Plan period. The Salvaging and Rearing of Male Buffalo Calves scheme promotes the rearing of male buffalo calves for meat production and to develop linkages with export oriented slaughterhouses. The states of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and West Bengal are targeted as priorities. The salvaging scheme is expected to generate a substantial quantity of meat hides and by- products and also provide employment in feed, fodder, meat, leather and various input services. The Utilization of Fallen Animals scheme proposes to establish carcass utilization centers in animal density matrix areas and is expected to provide employment to the rural poor. The Government of India has launched the National Mission for Protein Supplements in the 2011-12 Indian financial year, with an allocation of more than $65 million. This mission will take up activities to promote animal based protein production through livestock development, dairy farming, pig farming, goat rearing and fisheries in selected blocks of the country. Consumption: Indian consumption of buffalo meat averages approximately two kilograms per person per year. CY 2012 buffalo meat consumption in India is forecasted around 2 million tons (on a Carcass Weight Equivalent basis), up by 2.5 percent over CY 2011. CY 2011 buffalo meat consumption is estimated at 1.96 million tons. CY 2010 buffalo meat consumption is revised to 1.92 million tons, reflecting more exports, and increasing preferences for chicken among the meat -eating (non-vegetarian) population. Local buffalo meat consumption shows only marginal increases, reflecting population growth and the Indian preference for vegetarian and dairy-based protein sources. For non-vegetarian Indians, poultry meat, fish, and mutton are the most preferred meats. As incomes grow, meat consumption increases are likely to be experienced primarily through increased poultry meat consumption. However, as mentioned earlier, this increase will be overshadowed by the general preference for dairy and pulses. The rise of quick service restaurants in India is also a driver of non-vegetarian consumption. However, quick service restaurants primarily focus on poultry products. Despite an increase in overall consumption, per capita consumption may not change factoring in increasing human population. Processing The processed meat sector, formerly regulated by the Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MOFPI), is now regulated by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) through the Food Safety and Standards Rules and Regulation 2011. These regulations were enforced nationwide with effect from August 5, 2011, repealing the Meat and Meat Products Order (MFPO), 1973. The Food Safety and Standards Regulations (FSSR), 2011 contain standards and regulations for meat and meat products. The FSSR 2011 requires registration and licensing of meat processors and other food operators in the meat value chain. It also enforces sanitary maintenance and controls at all stages of meat (including fish and poultry) products production. These standards equally apply to domestic and imported meat and meat products. There are around 4000 municipal slaughter houses in the country and 30 abattoirs/meat processing plants. These 30 abattoirs/meat processing plants are 100 percent export oriented units and are registered with the Agricultural and Processed Food Export Development Authority (APEDA). Additionally, 74 meat processing and packaging units are also registered with APEDA. These meat processing and packaging units receive dressed carcasses from approved municipal slaughter houses for the export of meat. According to industry sources, approximately 7 slaughter houses are expected to be added by the end of 2012. Existing supply chain and value chain: In India processed meat is sold primarily in two forms- frozen and chilled. Frozen meat is mainly meant for export while chilled meat is consumed in the domestic market. Municipal slaughter houses sell meat to the domestic market. Only 100 percent export-oriented facilities, registered with the APEDA, are eligible to produce and process meat for export purposes. Export oriented processed meat is transported in refrigerated vans/ containers from processing units to port locations and is stored in cold storage near port locations, from where the product is shipped to destination markets. The Ministry of Food Processing Industries launched the comprehensive financial scheme, modernization of existing abattoirs/establishment of modern abattoirs, under the 11th five year plan (2007-2012). The program is expected to continue in the 12th five year plan period (2012-2017). MOFPI is also administering another scheme for technology upgrading, establishment and modernization of processing plants. For details see http://www.mofpi.nic.in/images/ar10-11.pdf. In order to improve abattoir conditions, the National Meat and Poultry Processing Board (http://nmppb.gov.in/), under the ministry of food processing industries (MoFPI), has taken up an initiative to provide consultancy to build around 160 modern abattoirs across the country. The first abattoir to be set up under the initiative has already started working in the Dholpur district of Rajasthan. Note: The Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT), Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Govt. of India vide notification No. 12/(2004-2009) dated 21/12/2004, requires abattoirs/meat processing plants to register with APEDA prior to export. It has been decided to adopt the following procedure for grant of registration certificate: Procedure for Grant of Registration Certificate to Abattoirs /Meat Processing Plants. Trade: India is a net exporter of buffalo meat (deboned frozen buffalo meat). In the last two years, exports have grown to record levels, making India the third country in the world to export more than 1 million tons of bovine meat annually. Increased exports are primarily the result of the lower cost of Indian buffalo meat (relative to international competitors). Additionally, ample supplies due to herd growth from strong dairy demand and new incentives from slaughter facilities to salvage previously underutilized animals are also driving India?s low cost of production and fueling exports. As a result, CY 2012 buffalo meat exports are forecast at 1.15 million tons (on a Carcass Weight Equivalent basis), 12 percent up from 1.02 million tons (on a Carcass Weight Equivalent basis), in CY 2011. CY 2011 buffalo meat export is estimated at record 1.02 million tons, making India only the third country, after Brazil and the U.S. which exports more than 1 million tons of beef (buffalo meat). CY 2010 buffalo meat export is also revised up to a record 917 thousand tons (on a Carcass Weight Equivalent Basis). Import of beef from all sources is restricted and as such imports are set at nil. As a price-based competitor, India has seen export increases in the previous two years to Middle Eastern, African and Southeast Asian countries. Referring to table 1, (India: Beef Exports), the vast majority of export growth in 2010 was to Middle Eastern and North African Countries (Only 2 of the top 10 growth markets were outside of this region). This was lead by Egypt, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Algeria, UAE, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait and Syria. Industry sources have stated that a similar trend is expected in 2011. While Indian buffalo meat competes on a cost basis, there are several other factors which impact trade. Specifically, all Indian buffalo meat is produced according to halal standards. It is also characterized as a lean meat with positive blending characteristics. Industry sources place significant weight on India?s disease status, which includes OIE ?negligible risk? classification for Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), and OIE ?free? recognition for rinderpest and CBP (Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia) (Source: OIE). While this disease status has helped open new key markets (such as Algeria in 2010), India?s Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) status poses issues for new market access in some countries. (Note that FMD in India is controlled through vaccination programs). Table 1: India: Beef Exports (Metric Tons) Partner Country Quantity 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 World Total 486,157 484,499 480,339 434,704 655,041 1 Vietnam 18,163 39,151 92,258 111,166 90,773 2 Malaysia 75,376 52,325 50,553 48,214 79,865 3 Egypt 5,911 26,560 43,567 28,590 69,779 4 Saudi Arabia 27,102 35,310 25,599 24,274 47,634 5 Philippines 46,407 51,365 53,036 41,479 43,828 6 Jordan 36,125 20,835 15,465 12,503 41,742 7 Kuwait 41,746 40,315 31,203 28,363 36,234 8 United Arab Emirates 30,543 26,887 18,416 16,594 31,757 9 Angola 42,571 47,863 29,870 17,082 19,916 10 Myanmar 37 12 0 286 19,800 11 Algeria 0 30 0 0 18,158 12 Iran 21,719 12,238 12,112 5,391 18,023 13 Iraq 1,610 5,370 2,982 7,436 17,652 14 Syria 168 0 1,702 6,496 13,929 15 Congo 13,785 10,576 13,997 12,148 12,377 16 Oman 11,487 11,962 11,501 8,027 11,351 17 Georgia 10,981 11,214 8,189 6,563 9,427 18 Lebanon 1,689 5,068 6,448 6,830 8,823 19 Gabon 7,198 7,653 6,234 5,837 7,913 20 Senegal 7,617 7,825 5,119 4,814 5,054 21 Qatar 4,253 2,904 4,076 4,116 4,624 22 Ghana 5,712 9,489 6,425 3,674 4,492 23 Thailand 109 99 77 0 3,855 24 Azerbaijan 7,283 3,271 4,241 2,823 3,819 25 Mauritius 3,700 3,361 4,001 2,974 3,189 26 Pakistan 23,055 13,049 3,701 2,939 2,967 27 Bahrain 3,071 2,692 2,322 1,932 2,849 28 Armenia 1,500 4,346 5,570 3,717 2,793 29 Yemen 3,243 3,163 1,368 1,314 2,450 30 Cote d Ivoire 7,403 5,025 4,176 3,783 2,430 31 Equatorial Guinea 1,262 1,366 1,266 1,098 2,056 32 Comoros 1,486 1,702 2,007 1,786 1,945 33 Tajikistan 781 2,790 1,762 2,196 1,681 34 Brunei Darussalam 915 1,641 1,972 954 1,231 35 Turkey 1,512 943 306 158 836 36 Namibia 168 393 1,181 281 813 37 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 683 38 Liberia 674 449 452 254 655 39 South Africa 28 1 0 1 598 40 Uzbekistan 976 897 624 196 577 41 Maldives 531 548 311 186 530 42 Singapore 1547 0 0 0 525 43 Germany 144 37 12 7 450 44 United Kingdom 7 1 0 0 433 45 Afghanistan 3,655 3,390 1,745 464 405 46 Hong Kong 645 572 83 4,063 360 47 Seychelles 71 53 333 219 336 48 Benin 0 0 58 29 316 49 Canada 0 0 0 0 280 50 Sierra Leone 893 838 503 255 263 51 Mozambique 784 1,237 57 0 252 52 United States 7 0 121 67 193 53 Albania 58 1,110 1,425 726 141 54 China 4,186 948 630 363 27 55 Greece 3,258 1,560 512 0 0 Others 3,004 4,065 771 2,036 1,952 Source: Global Trade Atlas Policy: Trade Policy The GOI has established procedures for the importation of livestock and related products to India through the Livestock Importation Act, 1898. These procedures are implemented by the Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying, and Fisheries (DADF), Ministry of Agriculture (MA) and are available at: http://dahd.nic.in/order/livestockimport.doc. Tariffs for selected livestock products are shown in table 4. DADF is also responsible for outlining import procedures for various livestock products, sets the sanitary conditions/health protocol for livestock products and also issues guidelines for the import/export of animal germplasm. The procedures for import can be accessed at given links: Procedure for Import 1. Procedure for import of Livestock products into India 2. Sanitary conditions/Health Protocols for various products 3. Guideline (Revised 2011) for Import/Export of Bovine Germplasm 4. Proforma for submitting proposals for introduction of live Aquatic Organisms 5. Import Health certificate for import of Dog into India 6. Veterinary certificate for import of milk and milk products in to India 7. Animal health certificate for import of in vivo bovine embryo in to India 8. Veterinary certificate for import of skin/hides into India 9. Procedure for import of Dairy Items (Note: As mentioned earlier, as per the Foreign Trade Policy of the Government of India, meat aimed for export should be sourced from abattoirs and meat processing plants registered under APEDA). Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics: Table 2: Commodity, Animal Numbers, Cattle, PSD 2010 2011 2012 Animal Numbers,Cattle Market Year Market Year Market Year India Begin: Jan 2010 Begin: Jan 2011 Begin: Jan 2012 USDA New USDA USDA Officia P O New fficia O New fficia ost Post Post l l l Total Cattle Beg. Stks 316,40 316,40 320,60 320,80 325,15 (1000 0 0 0 0 0 HEAD) Dairy Cows Beg. Stocks 128,80 128,00 129,00 129,00 129,35 (1000 0 0 0 0 0 HEAD) Beef Cows Beg. Stocks 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 HEAD) Production (Calf Crop) 61,500 61,700 62,000 62,400 63,200 (1000 HEAD) Intra-EU Imports 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 HEAD) Other Imports 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 HEAD) Total Imports 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 HEAD) Total Supply 377,90 378,10 382,60 383,20 388,35 (1000 0 0 0 0 0 HEAD) Intra EU Exports 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 HEAD) Other Exports 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 HEAD) Total Exports 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 HEAD) Cow Slaughter 1,225 1,230 1,250 1,250 1,250 (1000 HEAD) Calf Slaughter 4,500 4,500 4,600 4,650 4,700 (1000 HEAD) Other Slaughter 22,975 22,980 24,150 24,250 26,000 (1000 HEAD) Total Slaughter 28,700 28,710 30,000 30,150 31,950 (1000 HEAD) Loss 28,600 28,590 28,000 27,900 27,000 (1000 HEAD) Ending Inventories 320,60 320,80 324,60 325,15 329,40 (1000 0 0 0 0 0 HEAD) Total Distribution 377,90 378,10 382,60 383,20 388,35 (1000 0 0 0 0 0 HEAD) CY Imp. from U.S. 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 HEAD) CY. Exp. to U.S. 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 HEAD) Balance 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 HEAD) Inventory Balance 4,200 4,400 4,000 4,350 4,250 (1000 HEAD) Inventory Change 2 2 1 1 1 (PERCENT) Cow Change 0 0 -1 0 0 (PERCENT) Production Change 1 1 1 1 1 (PERCENT) Production to Cows 48 48 48 48 49 (PERCENT) Trade Balance 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 HEAD) Slaughter to Inventory 9 9 9 9 10 (PERCENT) TS=TD 0 0 0 Table 3: Commodity, Meat, Beef and Veal, PSD 2010 2011 2012 M eat, Beef and V Market Year Begin: Jan Market Year Begin: Jan Market Year Begin: ea l, India 2010 2011 Jan 2012 USDA USDA USDA Of New Post New Post ficial Of New Post ficial Official Slaughter (Reference) 28,700 28,710 30,000 30,150 31,950 (1000 HEAD) Beginning Stocks 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Production 2,830 2,842 2,960 2,985 3,160 (1000 MT CWE) Intra-EU Imports 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Other Imports 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Total Imports 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Total Supply 2,830 2,842 2,960 2,985 3,160 (1000 MT CWE) Intra EU Exports 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Other Exports 900 917 1,000 1,025 1,150 (1000 MT CWE) Total Exports 900 917 1,000 1,025 1,150 (1000 MT CWE) Human Dom. Consumption 1,930 1,925 1,960 1,960 2,010 (1000 MT CWE) Other Use, Losses 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Total Dom. Consumption 1,930 1,925 1,960 1,960 2,010 (1000 MT CWE) Ending Stocks 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Total Distribution 2,830 2,842 2,960 2,985 3,160 (1000 MT CWE) CY Imp. from U.S. 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) CY. Exp. to U.S. 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Balance 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Inventory Balance 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Weights 99 99 99 99 99 (1000 MT CWE) Production Change 13 13 5 5 6 (PERCENT) Import Change 0 0 0 0 0 (PERCENT) Export Change 48 48 11 12 12 (PERCENT) Trade Balance 900 917 1,000 1,025 1,150 (1000 MT CWE) Consumption Change 1 1 2 2 3 (PERCENT) Population 1,173,108,018 1,173,108,018 1,189,172,906 1,173,108,018 1,173,108,018 (PEOPLE) Per Capita Consumption 2 2 2 2 2 (KG) TS=TD 0 0 0 Author Defined: Table 4 : Tariffs for selected Livestock Products HS SPL TOTAL DUTY IMPORT CODE ITEM DESCRIPTION BASIC CVD CVD WITH 2+1%EC POLICY LIVE HORSES, ASSES, MULES 01011010- & HINNIES 30 0 4 36.136 Restd 01019090 01021010 - LIVE BOVINE ANIMALS 30 0 4 36.136 Restd 01029090 01031000- LIVE SWINE 30 0 4 36.136 Restd 01039200 01041010 - LIVE SHEEP & GOATS 30 0 4 36.136 Restd 01042000 01051100 LIVE POULTRY I.E. FOWLS OF - THE SPECIES 30 0 4 36.136 Restd GALLUS DOMESTICUS, 01059900 DUCKS, GEESE, TURKEYS AND GUINEA FOWLS 02011000 MEAT OF BOVINE ANIMALS, - FRESH AND CHILLED 30 0 4 36.136 R SanP 02013000 02021000 MEAT OF BOVINE ANIMALS, - FROZEN 30 0 4 36.136 R SanP 02023000 MEAT OF SWINE, FRESH, OR 02031100- CHILLED 30 0 0 30.90 Fr SanP 02031900 02032100- MEAT OF SWINE, FROZEN 30 0 4 36.136 Fr SanP 02032900 02041000 MEAT OF SHEEP OR GOATS, - FRESH CHILLED 30 0 4 36.136 Fr SanP 02045000 OR FROZEN EDIBLE OFFAL OF BOVINE 02061000 ANIMALS, FRESH 30 0 0 30.90 R SanP OR CHILLED 02062100 EDIBLE OFFAL OF BOVINE - ANIMALS, SWINE, 30 0 4 36.136 ** GOATS, HORSES, ASSES, 02069090 MULES OR HINNES, FRESH, CHILLED OR FROZEN MEAT, & EDIBLE OFFAL, OF 02071100- THE POULTRY OF 30 0 4 36.136 Fr SanP HEADING 0105, NOT CUT IN 02071200 PIECES, FRESH OR CHILLED OR FROZEN CUTS & OFFAL, FRESH OR 02071300 CHILLED 100 0 0 103.00 Fr SanP 02071400 CUTS & OFFAL, FROZEN 100 0 4 111.12 Fr SanP Source: Directorate General of Foreign Trade, Government of India ** HS Code 02061000-02063000- R SanP, HS Code 02064100-02069090- Fr SanP Note: CVD ? Countervailing Duty, EC ? Education Cess, Restd ? Restricted, R SanP- Restricted Sanitary Permit, Fr SanP- Free Sanitary Permit
Posted: 29 September 2011, last updated 29 September 2011

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