Seventh Indian HPAI Outbreak of 2012 in Tripura State

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Posted on: 20 May 2012

On May 7, 2012, India reported Tripura State’s third highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreak to the World Organisation for Animal Health.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary Public - Date: 5/11/2012 GAIN Report Number: IN2070 India Post: New Delhi Seventh Indian HPAI Outbreak of 2012 in Tripura State Report Categories: Pest/Disease Occurrences Sanitary/Phytosanitary/Food Safety Poultry and Products Livestock and Products Approved By: Thom Wright Prepared By: Ritambhara Singh Report Highlights: On May 7, 2012, India reported Tripura State’s third highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreak to the World Organisation for Animal Health. Over 4,600 birds are considered susceptible and over 3,000 birds are reported dead. The Tripura state government is taking all possible measures to contain the disease. This is India’s seventh HPAI outbreak in 2012. General Information: India Notifies HPAI to the OIE: On May 7, 2012, India reported Tripura State’s third highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) outbreak to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). This is India’s seventh HPAI outbreak in 2012. The details of the Government of India’s (GOI) May 7 notification can be accessed at: March 7, 2012 OIE Report. The outbreak was reported from a poultry farm in the Udaipur area of Tripura state. The GOI reports that 4,668 birds are considered susceptible to the disease and 3,168 birds are dead as a result of the disease. Tripura Implements HPAI Control Measures: In response to the outbreak, the Tripura State government is carrying out the GOI’s protocol, as described in “Action Plan of Animal Husbandry For Preparedness, Control and Containment of Avian Influenza.” Stamping out of all domestic poultry is being applied in an approximately 3-km radius zone around the outbreak followed by compensation to the owners. Other measures include creation of an intensive surveillance system in a 10-km radius zone including closure of poultry markets and prohibition on the sale and transportation of poultry products in the affected area, a ban on the movement of farm personnel, and clean-up and disinfection of the contaminated premises with proper disposal of dead birds and infected materials. The last outbreak of HPAI in Tripura was reported in March 2012 on a government-run poultry farm in the Gandhigram area of West Tripura district (see GAIN IN2043). Trade: Industry representatives maintain that the outbreaks occurred outside of India’s major poultry production areas and will not affect trade. Table 1. India: Culling Statistics as of May 7, 2012 Outbreak reported in Birds Birds Birds Susceptible reported dead culled 1 Rural backyard poultry, Khorda, Odisha 35,589 3 31,912 2 A state government run poultry farm, William 20,194 2,732 6,538 Nagar, Meghalaya 3 Rural backyard poultry, Mayurbhanj, Odisha 11,235 19 11,216 4 ICAR poultry farm, Mohanpur, Tripura 12,385 4,229 6,204 5 A government run poultry farm, 34,857 5,015 NA Bhubaneswar, Odisha 6 A government run poultry farm. Gandhigram, 3,000 2,000 NA West Tripura district, Tripura 7 A district poultry farm, Udaipur, Gomati, 4,668 3,168 NA Tripura Total 1,21,928 1,71,66 55,870 Source: May 7, 2012 OIE Report
Posted: 20 May 2012

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