Education & Skills Sector in India

An Expert's View about Colleges and Universities in India

Posted on: 18 Aug 2010

Education, at all levels, is India’s biggest economic and social challenge. Here is an update from India’s Education and Skills market.

Sector Briefing Education & Skills Opportunities in India Why India? Education, at all levels, is India?s biggest economic and social challenge. The Higher Education system has emerged as one of the largest in the world in terms of number of institutions as well as student enrolment. However, the education system in the Country is bogged down by the fundamental challenges of access, equity and quality. The current resources in the country are unable to meet the challenges and in turn this throws up a wide range of opportunities for UK education providers. On the skills side, against a number of 12.8 million workers that annually enter the Indian workforce, the existing capacity of skills development programme in India is 3 million per annum. The Prime Minister has set a target of skilling 500 million by 2022, whereas at present only 2% of the workforce has skill training. This again throws up opportunities for UK skills providers to work with their Indian counterparts to help India scale-up to meet its skills objective. Find general information on the Indian market conditions on UKTI's website. The Doing Business Guide for India gives an overview of India?s economy, business culture, potential opportunities and an introduction to other relevant issue. UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Education & Skills opportunities in India Opportunities - Recruitment to Britain ? A large number of Indian students opt to study H overseas. As per the latest statistics igher Education around 31,000 Indian students were The studying in the UK (12% of all foreign population in the 15-24 years age group is abou students) t 235 million accounting for about 19% of the total population. The Indian Higher Education system is enormous and highly Technical Skills and Vocational diverse. There are 21,107 Institutions in the education system with over 11.6 million students (this figure is expected to r Vocational training in India is offered ise to 34 million by 2019). At one end of the spectrum are the through public (government owned) prestige Industrial Training Institutes (ITI?s) as well institutions. These are mostly public ? as private (owned by private sector) IIT?s, IIM?s, and a small number of ?central? Un Industrial Training Centres (ITC?s). As per iversities. But there are also a few private the Indian Constitution, vocational training institutes, such as the Indian School of Business is a concurrent subject of both Central and in Hyderabad. These are typically of ve the State Governments. ry high standard, generously funded and mass ively oversubscribed. But overall all these There are over 1800 publicly-funded Indian institutions account for only a small proportion of the student popu Technical Institutes (ITI?s) which cater to lation. only 300,000 students, and have been The heavily criticised for teaching irrelevant share of unaided private Higher Education skills on outdated equipment. There are institutions in the country has grown from 42 also an enormous number of private .6% in 2001 to 63.2% in 2006. Despite this, access institutions - engineering colleges, business to the Higher Education system is schools etc - which fill the demand the currently restricted to a small portion of the public system cannot meet. But many of society. The Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in these are of poor quality and fail to teach India was 12% in 2007. In addition to this, the the most basic requirements for the work quality of Higher Education is adversely place. India?s largest IT firm (TCS) has affected by a shortage of faculty and poor complained that only 1 in 15 of Indian infrastructure. This existing gap in the graduates are employable ? a daunting provision of education offers the following comment given the 138 million young opportunities for education providers from the people expected to hit the Indian job UK: market by 2020. - Collaboration with Indian Institutes ? The current capacity of skill development These collaborations could be for joint programmes is 3.1 million and yet India delivery of courses, joint research, has set a target of skilling 500 million by curriculum development and 2022. The major challenge of skill student/staff exchange. A large number development initiatives is to address the of joint delivery of courses involves needs of such a huge population by validation of the Indian qualification and providing skills in order to make them transfer of credit to the UK for students employable and help them secure work. wishing to pursue a UK qualification in the UK. This helps the UK University Private sector has stepped in to address keep control over the quality of delivery this gap in the market. There is an of qualification. Indian regulations opportunity for UK skills/vocational currently do not allow overseas degree education providers to: programmes to be delivered in India. - Deliver Sector specific skill content and - Establishing offshore campus - The assessment standards in a wide range Indian government has tabled the of sectors including retail, paramedical, ?Foreign Education Providers? Bill in the hospitality, travel and tourism Parliament. The discussion on the Bill is - expected to take place in the Monsoon - Provide ?Train the Trainer? programmes session of the Parliament (July 2010). to equip the training providers with This bill lays down guidelines for foreign relevant skills and understanding. universities to offer degree programmes and set up campuses, in India. UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Education & Skills opportunities in India Major events and activities UKTI contacts FICCI Global Skills Summit Sunita Kapoor Sr Trade & Investment Adviser .html British High Commission, New Delhi Contact: Sunita Kapoor Tel: (0091 11) 24192575 Email: Email: Time: August 2010 WorldDidac India Andrew Jackson Counsellor Knowledge Economy Contact: Simon Bryan British High Commission, New Delhi Email: Tel: (0091 11) 24192100 Time: September 2010 Email: WorldDidac India Contact: Sunita Kapoor Email: Time: November 2010 Find full details of all events in this country and sector on the UKTI website. New export events are added daily to the site and you can register to be alerted to them on a daily, weekly or monthly basis UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Education & Skills opportunities in India Next steps - How UKTI can help ? Arranging appointments British companies wishing to develop their ? Organise seminars or other events for business in the Indian market are advised to you to meet contacts and promote your undertake as much market research and company in the Chinese market planning as possible in the UK. UKTI?s team in India, with its wide local knowledge and This work is available via our Overseas Market experience, can provide a range of services to Introduction Service (OMIS) a chargeable British-based companies wishing to grow their service which assists British-based companies business in global markets. wishing to enter or expand their business in overseas markets. This can include: ? Provision of market information To find out more about commissioning this ? Validated lists of agents/distributors work, or accessing other UKTI services and ? Key market players or potential specialist advice, please visit the UKTI website customers in the Chinese market to find contact details. ? Establishment of interest of such contacts in working with you Whereas every effort has been made to ensure that the information given in this document is accurate, neither UK Trade & Investment nor its parent Departments (the Department for Business, Innovation & Skills, and the Foreign & Commonwealth Office), accept liability for any errors, omissions or misleading statements, and no warranty is given or responsibility accepted as to the standing of any individual, firm, company or other organisation mentioned. Published 2010 by UK Trade & Investment. Crown Copyright © UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Education & Skills opportunities in India
Posted: 18 August 2010

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