Education & Skills Opportunities

An Expert's View about Educational Support Services in India

Last updated: 21 Aug 2011

Education, at all levels, is India’s biggest economic and social challenge. The Higher education system has emerged as one of the largest in the world in terms of number of institutions as well as student enrolment. However, the education system is bogged

Sector briefing Education & Skills Opportunities in India Why India? Education, at all levels, is India?s biggest economic and social challenge. The Higher education system has emerged as one of the largest in the world in terms of number of institutions as well as student enrolment. However, the education system is bogged down by the fundamental challenges of access, equity and quality. The current resources are unable to meet the challenges and in turn this provides a wide range of opportunities for UK education providers. On the skills side, against a number of 12.8 million workers that annually enter the Indian workforce, the existing capacity of skills development programme in India is 3 million per annum. The Prime Minister has set a target of skilling 500 million ?Only 2% of the workforce by 2022, whereas at present only 2% of the has formal skills training and workforce has formal skills training. This again prov the Prime Minister has set a ides opportunities for UK skills providers to work with their Indian counterparts to help target of skilling 500 million India scale-up to meet its skills objective. by 2022.? Find general information on the Indian market conditions on UKTI?s website. The Doing Business Guide for India gives an overview of India?s economy, business culture, potential opportunities and an introduction to other relevant issues. UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Education & Skills opportunities in India Faculty Development Opportunities With a number of private sector universities Higher Education coming up, India is facing an acute shortage of trained faculty. Most of the new universities Over 65% of India?s working population is aged have faculty within the age group of 28-30 15-30 years. The Indian Higher Education years. There is an opportunity for UK System is enormous and highly diverse. There universities to consider providing mentoring are 21,107 institutions in the system with over services for faculty. 11.6 million students (this figure is expected to rise to 34 million by 2020). At one end of the Student recruitment spectrum are the prestige institutions. These are mostly public ? IITs, IIMs, and a small A large number of Indian students opt to study number of ?central? universities. But there are overseas. According to the latest statistics also a few private institutes, such as the Indian over 50,000 Indian students were studying in School of Business in Hyderabad. These are the UK (14% of all foreign students). typically of very high standard, generously funded and massively oversubscribed. But Technical Skills and Vocational education overall all these institutions account for only a small proportion of the student population. Vocational training in India is offered through public (government owned) Industrial Training The share of unaided private higher education Institutes (ITIs) as well as private (owned by institutions in the country grew from 42.6% in private sector) Industrial Training Centres 2001 to 63.2% in 2006. Despite this access to (ITCs). The Indian Constitution states that the higher education system is currently vocational training is a concurrent subject of restricted to a small portion of the society. The both Central and the State Governments. Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in India was 12% in 2007. The Government is keen to increase The current capacity of skills development this to 30% by 2020. In addition to this, the programmes is 3.1 million yet India has set a quality of higher education is adversely target of skilling 500 million by 2022. The affected by shortage of faculty and poor major challenge of skills development infrastructure. This gap in the provision of initiatives is to address the needs of such a education offers the following opportunities for huge population by providing skills in order to education providers from the UK: make them employable and help them secure work. Collaboration with Indian Institutes There are over 1800 publicly-funded Industrial These collaborations could be for joint delivery Training Institutes (ITIs) which cater to 3.1 of courses, joint research, curriculum million students. However industry feels that development and student/staff exchange. A ITIs continue to teach skills that are outdated large number of joint delivery of courses as are the equipments that are used for involves validation of the Indian qualification teaching purposes. The Government has and transfer of credit to the UK for students announced that it will establish 50,000 skills wishing to pursue a UK qualification in the UK. development centres in the PPP mode. To This helps the UK university keep control over contribute to the skills mission the Ministry of the quality of delivery of qualification. Indian Labour & Employment (MoLE) launched regulations currently do not allow overseas Modular Employable Skills (MES) which allows degree programmes to be delivered in India. testing of present qualification/skills level and the exact need for further training specifically Establishing offshore campus for the burgeoning school drop-outs. There are also an enormous number of private The Indian government has tabled the ?Foreign institutions engineering colleges, business Education Providers? Bill in Parliament. schools etc - which fill the demand the public Discussion on the Bill is expected to take place system cannot meet. But many of these are of in the Monsoon session of the Parliament (Aug poor quality and fail to teach the most basic 2011). This bill lays down guidelines for requirements for the work place. India?s largest foreign universities to offer degree IT firm (TCS) has complained that only 1 in 15 programmes and set up campuses in India. of Indian graduates are employable ? a UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Education & Skills opportunities in India daunting comment given that 138 million young people are expected to hit the Indian job market by 2020. At present 90% of jobs in India are skills- based, a sharp contradiction to the current figure of only 6% trained workforce in India. The Government is looking to partner with private players for curriculum development, apprenticeships and entrepreneurship programmes to develop a joint approach towards Skills for Employability and to explore the possibility of developing joint programmes for skills development. The skills sector is a $1.5bn market expected to see a 25% compounded annual growth rate over FY08-12. There is an opportunity for UK skills/vocational education providers to provide: Sector specific skill content and assessment standards in a wide range of sectors including retail, paramedical, hospitality, travel and tourism ?Train the Trainer? programmes to equip the training providers will relevant skills and understanding. National Skills Development Corporation (NSDC) The National Skills Development Corporation India (NSDC) is one of its kind, Public Private Partnership in India. It aims to promote skills development by catalysing the creation of large, quality, for-profit vocational institutions. It provides viability gap funding to build scalable for profit vocational training initiatives. Its mandate is also to enable support systems such as quality assurance, information systems and train the trainer academies either directly or through partnerships. NDSC has the mandate to constitute Sector Skills Councils (SSCs) in India. The role of the SSCs is given on the NSDC website. So far SSCs have been established/approved for various sectors including auto, security, energy, retail, media and entertainment and IT/ITes. Discussions are underway for an SSC covering the construction sector. UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Education & Skills opportunities in India Major events and activities UKTI contacts FICCI Global Skills Summit Sunita Kapoor Sr Trade & Investment Adviser Website for 2011 event under construction British High Commission, New Delhi Contact: Sunita Kapoor Tel: +91 11 24192575 Email: Email: 15-16 September 2011 WorldDidac India Frances Hooper First Secretary Contact: William Prieto-Parra, BESA British High Commission, New Delhi Email: Tel: +91 11 24192100 28-30 September 2011 Email: FICCI Higher Education Summit Website for 2011 event under construction Contact: Sunita Kapoor Email: 11-12 November 2011 Find full details of all events in this country and sector on the UKTI website. New export events are added daily to the site and you can register to be alerted to them on a daily, weekly or monthly basis UKTI?s Tradeshow Access Programme (TAP) provides grant support for eligible Small & Medium Sized Enterprises (SME's) to attend trade shows overseas. Find out more about UKTI support for attendance at overseas events UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Education & Skills opportunities in India Next steps - How UKTI can help British companies wishing to develop their business in India are advised to undertake as much market research and planning as possible in the UK. UKTI?s team in India, with its wide local knowledge and experience, can provide a range of services to British-based companies wishing to grow their business in global markets. This can include: ? Provision of market information ? Validated lists of agents/distributors ? Key market players or potential customers in India ? Establishment of interest of such contacts in working with you ? Arranging appointments ? Organise seminars or other events for you to meet contacts and promote your company in India This work is available via our Overseas Market Introduction Service (OMIS) a chargeable service which assists British-based companies wishing to enter or expand their business in overseas markets. To find out more about commissioning this work, or accessing other UKTI services and specialist advice, please visit the UKTI website to find contact details for your local UKTI office. Whereas every effort has been made to ensure that the information given in this document is accurate, neither UK Trade & Investment nor its parent Departments (the Department for Business, Innovation & Skills, and the Foreign & Commonwealth Office), accept liability for any errors, omissions or misleading statements, and no warranty is given or responsibility accepted as to the standing of any individual, firm, company or other organisation mentioned. Published 2011 by UK Trade & Investment. Crown Copyright © Published 2011 by UK Trade & Investment. ©Crown Copyright 2011 You may reuse this information (not including logos, images and case studies) free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government Licence. To view this licence, visit licence/ or write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email: This publication is also available from our website at or for more information please telephone +44 (0)20 7215 8000. UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Education & Skills opportunities in India
Posted: 21 August 2011, last updated 21 August 2011

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