Environment & Water Sector

An Expert's View about Environmental Technologies in India

Posted on: 18 Feb 2012

The Indian market for Low Carbon and Environmental Goods and Services (LCEGS) sector is £199 billion.

Environment & Water Sector in India Why India? India sustained its position as one of the fastest growing economies in the world by achieving a 6.9% per cent growth in GDP in 2011-12. India is also one of the largest economies in the world, having joined the trillion dollar economies in 2007. The Indian market for Low Carbon and Environmental Goods and Services (LCEGS) sector is £199 billion and is only third after US and China, with a 6.2% share of the global market*. The growth has been fuelled by massive urbanisation and industrialisation happening in the country and also because of the importance given by the government to provide sustainable urban infrastructure. Find general information on the Indian market conditions on UKTI’s website. The Doing Business Guide for India gives an overview of India’s economy, business culture, potential opportunities and an introduction to other relevant issue. * According to the Low Carbon Environmental Goods and Services (LCEGS) Report published by BIS in July 2011. Opportunities Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment The water and wastewater treatment market is one of the largest segments of the EGS market worth US$ 2 billion with a projected growth rate of 10-12 per cent per annum. This is broken down into a third for water supply, a third for municipal water treatment, and a third for industrial water treatment. The agricultural sector uses 85 per cent of the available fresh water supply, of which 50-80 per cent is wasted by inefficient irrigation. The key polluters of water are cement mills, sugar, thermal power plants, distilleries, chemicals, iron, steel, pulp and paper. The main opportunities are in the following areas: ξ Design, manufacture and installation of various types of wastewater systems; ξ Zero discharge systems; ξ Wastewater recycling technologies; ξ Common effluent treatment plants; ξ Ultra filtration technology ξ Chemical (arsenic, ammonia, chromium, fluoride) removal systems; ξ Groundwater treatment solutions; ξ sewage system rehabilitation and septic system rehabilitation and alternatives; ξ Desalination Technology; ξ Participation in BOT,BOO and other PPP projects; ξ Rainwater Harvesting technology; ξ Storm-water Management Technology and products; ξ packaged and transportable sewerage and wastewater treatments; and ξ Waterless composting toilets Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Management It is estimated that about 61.26 million tonnes of municipal solid waste is generated in the country annually. Per capita waste generation in cities varies from 0.2 kg to 0.6 kg per day depending upon the size of population. With growth of urban population ranging between 3 to 3.5% per annum, the annual increase in overall quantity of solid waste is assessed at about 5%. The percentage composition of waste shows that Organic Waste is 20-40%, construction waste is 20-23%, paper is 3-6%, plastics is 9% and glass and metals around 1% each. The solid waste generated by the million plus cities varies from 1200 metric tonnes per day in cities like Ahmedabad and Pune to a maximum of 5000-5500 metric tonnes per day in cities like Delhi and Mumbai. The per capita solid waste generation varies from 300 gm in Bangalore to 500-550 gm in Mumbai and Delhi. There is a demand for technologies and services for effective waste collection, transportation and disposal, and its treatment and recycling. The conventional form of waste disposal is landfill but there are opportunities in alternative forms of disposal, particularly in waste to energy. Incineration is not considered to be a viable option in India, due to the high moisture content in waste. Opportunities exist in areas such as: ξ High rate biomethanisation systems; ξ Designing and construction of Sanitary landfills; ξ Engineering and consulting services on waste collection and transportation; ξ Landfill treatment; ξ Waste treatment plants; ξ Outdoor compositing; ξ Anaerobic digestion of waste and sewage sludge; ξ Biological-mechanical waste treatment; ξ Waste to Energy Technologies; ξ Plants for processing and recycling construction & demolition wastes (including bituminous material); Hazardous Waste (HW) In India, there are 36,165 nos. of hazardous waste generating industries, generating 6.72 million tonnes of hazardous wastes every year. The category-wise classification of this quantity is as follows: ξ Landfill/disposable HW – 42% ξ Incinerable HW – 8% ξ Recyclable HW – 50% Gujarat, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh are the top three HW generating States. The relative contributions by these States are 28.76 %, 25.16 % and 8.93 % respectively. Thereafter, Chhattisgarh (4.74 %), Rajasthan (4.38 %), West Bengal (4.17 %) and Tamil Nadu (4.15 %) are found as major generators of HW. These seven States are together generating 80.29 % of country’s total HW. There is limited know-how in India on cost-efficient Hazardous waste minimisation. While traditional incineration methods of processing hazardous waste are well know in India, most other modern techniques are not widely available. The opportunities exist in: ξ Modern hazardous waste management/treatment technologies; ξ Designing of landfill sites for hazardous waste and incineration; ξ Hazardous waste consultancy services, e.g. consultancy on ξ Cyanide waste; ξ Distillation waste; ξ Waste from dyes and dye intermediates; ξ Incineration of solid, liquid and gaseous waste; ξ Pyrolysis technology for chemicals, agricultural chemicals and paints; ξ Solidification and stabilisation of hazardous waste; ξ Waste minimisation; ξ Bio-filtration and oxidation technologies; ξ Hazardous waste handling, collection and transportation equipment; ξ Land & Water Remediation methods like bio-remediation and phyto-remediation. E-Waste According to a national level inventorisation study conducted by a consultancy firm, India generated around 4,00,000 tonnes of e-waste. According to some other estimates, e-waste in India is much higher at 8,00,000 tonnes (Greenpeace). It was also found that an additional 50,000 tonnes of e-waste comes as imports. Due to factors like lack of proper collection centres and technology, only 1,44,000 tonnes of waste is recycled. Sixty-five cities in India generate more than 60% of the total e-waste generated in India. Ten states generate 70% of the total e-waste generated in India. Maharashtra ranks first followed by Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Delhi, Karnataka, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Punjab in the list of e-waste generating states in India. Among top ten cities generating e-waste, Mumbai ranks first followed by Delhi, Bangalore, Chennai, Kolkata, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Pune, Surat and Nagpur. Estimations of generated e-waste volumes in 2020 suggest India would provide business opportunities for: ξ Pre-processing technologies; ξ Equipment and technology for manual and semi-automatic dismantling/sorting of fractions; ξ Equipment and technology for De-gassing CFC, HCFC; ξ Equipment and technology for semi-automatic CRT cut and cleaning; ξ Integrated smelters; ξ Integrated e-waste recycling technology complying with all the environmental norms in the terms of emissions, effluents, noise waste treatment and disposal etc ξ Technology to increase the recovery of material from e-waste ξ CRT Treatment Technology ξ Plastic Recycling Technology ξ Training ξ Products and technology for decontamination In 2011, Government of India enacted E-waste (Management and Handling) Rules 2010, which will come into effect in May 2012. These measures include Extended Producers' Responsibility (EPR) for recycling, reducing levels of hazardous substances in electronics and setting up collection centres. The new rules will cover discarded IT and telecoms equipment and consumer electrical goods. However, medical devices, light bulbs, fluorescent tubes and batteries are excluded. The legislation will also restrict the use of toxic substances like cadmium, mercury, lead, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls and polybrominated biphenyl ethers in the manufacture of electronics. Manufacturers have been given up to three years to start introducing greener products that exclude or reduce levels of these toxic substances and will have to ensure that consumers are aware of the hazardous compounds present in their products. They will also have to provide information on the proper disposal of e-waste. Air Pollution The air pollution control market was worth US$550 million and is estimated to be growing at 15 per cent per annum. There has been rapid growth in the market due to strict emission standards in the transport sector. According to one estimate the need for pollution control technology could be as large as US$4.2 billion and grow at the rate of 10-12 per cent per annum. There are critical levels of air pollution in West Bengal, Gujarat, Bihar, Pondicherry, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan. Vehicular pollution is a particular problem. The sheer numbers of vehicles, the density of the traffic and the types of engine used are all contributory factors. Business opportunities exist in areas such as: ξ Flue Gas Desulphurisation (FGD) for industrial air pollution ξ Advanced air pollution control ξ Stack air quality monitoring equipment ξ Clean coal technologies, and ξ Mercury control Environmental Monitoring The environmental monitoring services sector in India is closely related to and driven by current legislation in monitoring air and water quality in India. The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), along with State Pollution Control Boards, is responsible for monitoring air and water quality. There is a need to increase the monitoring of water quality at source and of the impacts of discharged effluents. CPCB has put in stringent requirements for controlling water pollution, including water from municipal wastewater treatment plants. Research suggests that these requirements, along with some ongoing problems with ground water quality and issues with effluents from plants will increase demand for monitoring equipment and services. According to CPCB, there is an immediate need to improve and upgrade the existing air monitoring network. Among the proposed measures were: replacing and upgrading existing equipment, training and infrastructure for sampling, analysis and data reporting, and monitoring of additional parameters such as carbon monoxide, lead and ozone. Specific opportunities are expected to arise in on-line monitoring of air and water quality. Environmental Consulting The environmental consulting services market in India was estimated to be worth US$ 200 million. The field is dominated by the domestic firms provide services such as auditing, environmental impact assessments (EIA), environmental management systems (EMS) and training. However, environmental consulting firms from Australia, Denmark, Canada, the UK, the US, France and Japan are also active in the market. There is a growing market in the segments like environmental training and R&D. If you have any questions on the opportunities above, contact the UKTI contacts named in this report. Business opportunities aimed specifically at UK companies are added daily to UKTI’s website. These leads are sourced by our staff overseas in British Embassies, High Commissions and Consulates, across all sectors and in over 100 markets. ξ You can be alerted to business opportunities on a regular basis by registering on the UKTI website. Find out more on UKTI’s business opportunities service on the UKTI website Getting into the market British companies wishing to develop their business in the Indian market are advised to undertake as much market research and planning as possible in the UK. UKTI’s team in India, with its wide local knowledge and experience, can provide a range of services to British-based companies wishing to grow their business in global markets. This can include: ξ Provision of market information ξ Validated lists of agents/distributors ξ Key market players or potential customers in the Indian market ξ Establishment of interest of such contacts in working with you ξ Arranging appointments ξ Organise seminars or other events for you to meet contacts and promote your company in the Indian market This work is available via our Overseas Market Introduction Service (OMIS) a chargeable service which assists British-based companies wishing to enter or expand their business in overseas markets. To find out more about commissioning this work, or accessing other UKTI services and specialist advice, please visit the UKTI website to find contact details for your local UKTI office. Contacts Rishikesh Chanda Senior Trade & Investment Manager British Deputy High Commission 1A, Ho Chi Minh Sarani Kolkata – 700 071, India Tel: +91 33 2288 5172 Email: rishikesh.chanda@fco.gov.uk Riccardo Belgrave Project Manager Environment & Water Sectors Group UKTI, 1 Victoria Street, London, UK SW1H 0ET Tel: +44 (0)20 7215 4750 Email: ricky.belgrave@uktradeinvest.gov.uk Major Events Water Today's Water Expo 2012, Chennai 7-9 February, 2012 Contact: Rishikesh Chanda Email: rishikesh.chanda@fco.gov.uk National conference on Water Purification Technologies and Management (InDACON 2012), Mumbai 8-9 February, 2012 Contact: Rishikesh Chanda Email: rishikesh.chanda@fco.gov.uk 9th Everything About Water Expo 2012, New Delhi 9–11 February, 2012 Contact: Rishikesh Chanda Email: rishikesh.chanda@fco.gov.uk National Conference on Biodiversity Assessment, Conservation and Utilization, Pune 10–11 February, 2012 Contact: Rishikesh Chanda Email: rishikesh.chanda@fco.gov.uk Governance and Management of Drinking Water: Issues and Challenges, Hyderabad 14–15 February, 2012 Contact: Rishikesh Chanda Email: rishikesh.chanda@fco.gov.uk International Conference on Environmentally Sustainable Urban Ecosystems (ENSURE 20 12)-Guwahati 24–26 February, 2012 Contact: Rishikesh Chanda Email: rishikesh.chanda@fco.gov.uk 3rd International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology (ICEST 2012),Chennai 10-11 March, 2012 Contact: Rishikesh Chanda Email: rishikesh.chanda@fco.gov.uk Aquatech India 2012, New Delhi 25-27 April, 2012 Contact: Rishikesh Chanda Email: rishikesh.chanda@fco.gov.uk Sustainable Water Management 2012, Kolkata (Indian Chamber of Commerce (ICC) 8 June, 2012 ( to be decided) Contact: Rishikesh Chanda Email: rishikesh.chanda@fco.gov.uk UKTI Events Find full details of all events in this country and sector on the UKTI website. New export events are added daily to the site and you can register to be alerted to them on a daily, weekly or monthly basis. UKTI’s Tradeshow Access Programme (TAP) provides grant support for eligible Small & Medium Sized Enterprises (SME's) to attend trade shows overseas. Find out more about UKTI support for attendance at overseas events Useful links More about OMIS and other UKTI services for exporters
Posted: 18 February 2012

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