The water and wastewater treatment market is one of the largest segments of the EGS market worth US$2 billion with a projected growth rate of 10-12 per cent per annum.
Environment and Water in India
The water and wastewater treatment market is one of the largest segments of the EGS market
worth US$2 billion with a projected growth rate of 10-12 per cent per annum. This is broken
down into a third for water supply, a third for municipal water treatment, and a third for
industrial water treatment.
ξ India sustained its position as one of the fastest growing economies in the world by
achieving a 6.9% per cent growth in GDP in 2011-12. India is also one of the largest
economies in the world, having joined the trillion dollar economies in 2007 The Indian
market for Low Carbon and Environmental Goods and Services (LCEGS) sector is £199
billion and is third after US and China, with a 6.2% share of the global market.
Growth has been fuelled by massive urbanisation and industrialisation in the country. This has
also been fuelled because of the importance given by the government to provide sustainable
culture, potential opportunities and an introduction to other relevant issue
Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment
The agricultural sector uses 85 per cent of the available fresh water supply, of which 50-80 per
cent is wasted by inefficient irrigation. The key polluters of water are cement mills, sugar,
thermal power plants, distilleries, chemicals, iron, steel, pulp and paper.
The main opportunities are in the following areas:
ξ Design, manufacture and installation of various types of wastewater systems;
ξ Zero discharge systems;
ξ Wastewater recycling technologies;
ξ Common effluent treatment plants;
ξ Ultra filtration technology
ξ Chemical (arsenic, ammonia, chromium, fluoride) removal systems;
ξ Groundwater treatment solutions;
ξ sewage system rehabilitation and septic system rehabilitation and alternatives;
ξ Desalination Technology;
ξ Participation in BOT,BOO and other PPP projects;
ξ Rainwater harvesting technology;
ξ Storm-water management technology and products;
ξ Packaged and transportable sewerage and wastewater treatments and;
ξ Waterless composting toilets
Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Management
An estimated 61.26 million tons of municipal solid waste is generated in the country annually.
There is a demand for technologies and services for effective waste collection, transportation and
disposal, and its treatment and recycling. The conventional form of waste disposal is landfill but
there are opportunities in alternative forms of disposal, particularly in waste to energy.
Incineration is not considered to be a viable option in India, due to the high moisture content in
waste. Opportunities exist in areas such as:
ξ High rate biomethanisation systems;
ξ Designing and construction of Sanitary landfills;
ξ Engineering and consulting services on waste collection and transportation;
ξ Landfill treatment;
ξ Waste treatment plants;
ξ Outdoor compositing;
ξ Anaerobic digestion of waste and sewage sludge;
ξ Biological-mechanical waste treatment;
ξ Waste to Energy Technologies;
ξ Plants for processing and recycling construction & demolition wastes (including
Hazardous Waste (HW)
In India, there are 36,165 nos. of hazardous waste generating industries, generating 6.72 million
tonnes of hazardous wastes every year.
There is limited know-how in India on cost-efficient Hazardous waste minimisation. While
traditional incineration methods of processing hazardous waste are well known in India, most
other modern techniques are not widely available. The opportunities exist in:
ξ Modern hazardous waste management/treatment technologies;
ξ Designing of landfill sites for hazardous waste and incineration;
ξ Hazardous waste consultancy services, e.g. consultancy on
ξ Cyanide waste;
ξ Distillation waste;
ξ Waste from dyes and dye intermediates;
ξ Incineration of solid, liquid and gaseous waste;
ξ Pyrolysis technology for chemicals, agricultural chemicals and paints;
ξ Solidification and stabilisation of hazardous waste;
ξ Waste minimisation;
ξ Bio-filtration and oxidation technologies;
ξ Hazardous waste handling, collection and transportation equipment;
ξ Land & Water Remediation methods like bio-remediation and phyto-remediation
According to a national level inventorisation study conducted by a consultancy firm, India
generated around 400,000 tons of e-waste. According to some other estimates, e-waste in India is
much higher at 800,000 tons (Greenpeace).
Estimations of generated e-waste volumes in 2020 suggest India would provide business
ξ Pre-processing technologies;
ξ Equipment and technology for manual and semi-automatic dismantling/sorting of
ξ Equipment and technology for De-gassing CFC, HCFC;
ξ Equipment and technology for semi-automatic CRT cut and cleaning;
ξ Integrated smelters;
ξ Integrated e-waste recycling technology complying with all the environmental norms in
the terms of emissions, effluents, noise waste treatment and disposal etc
ξ Technology to increase the recovery of material from e-waste
ξ CRT Treatment Technology
ξ Plastic Recycling Technology
ξ Products and technology for decontamination
In 2011, Government of India enacted E-waste (Management and Handling) rules, which will
come into effect in May 2012. These measures include extended producers'
Manufacturers have been given up to three years to start introducing greener products that
exclude or reduce levels of these toxic substances and will have to ensure that consumers are
aware of the hazardous compounds present in their products. They will also have to provide
information on the proper disposal of e-waste.
The air pollution control market was worth US$550 million and is estimated to be growing at 15
per cent per annum. There has been rapid growth in the market due to strict emission standards in
the transport sector. According to one estimate the need for pollution control technology could
be as large as US$4.2 billion and grow at the rate of 10-12 per cent per annum.
Business opportunities exist in areas such as:
ξ Flue Gas Desulphurisation (FGD) for industrial air pollution
ξ Advanced air pollution control
ξ Stack air quality monitoring equipment
ξ Clean coal technologies, and
ξ Mercury control
Research shows on-going problems with ground water quality and issues with effluents from
plants will increase demand for monitoring equipment and services.
There is an immediate need to improve and upgrade the existing air monitoring network. Among
the proposed measures were: replacing and upgrading existing equipment, training and
infrastructure for sampling, analysis and data reporting, monitoring of additional parameters such
as carbon monoxide, lead and ozone. Specific opportunities are expected to arise in on-line
monitoring of air and water quality.
The environmental consulting services market in India was estimated to be worth US$ 200
million. The field is dominated by the domestic firms provide services such as auditing,
environmental impact assessments (EIA), environmental management systems (EMS) and
training. However, environmental consulting firms from Australia, Denmark, Canada, the UK,
the US, France and Japan are also active in the market. There is a growing market in the
segments like environmental training and R&D.
Latest export opportunities in the Environment and Water sector
Latest export opportunities in India
Getting into the market
British companies wishing to develop their business in the Indian market are advised to
undertake as much market research and planning as possible in the UK. UKTI’s team in India,
with its wide local knowledge and experience, can provide a range of services to British-based
companies wishing to grow their business in global markets.
This can include:
ξ Provision of market information
ξ Validated lists of agents/distributors
ξ Key market players or potential customers in the Indian market
ξ Establishment of interest of such contacts in working with you
ξ Arranging appointments
ξ Organise seminars or other events for you to meet contacts and promote your company in
the Indian market.
This work is available via our Overseas Market Introduction Service (OMIS) a chargeable
service which assists British-based companies wishing to enter or expand their business in
To find out more about commissioning this work, or accessing other UKTI services and
specialist advice, please visit the UKTI website to find contact details for your local UKTI
More about doing business in India
Market intelligence is critical when doing business overseas, and UKTI can provide bespoke
market research and support during overseas visits though our chargeable Overseas Market
Introduction Service (OMIS).
To commission research or for general advice about the market, get in touch with our specialists
in country - or contact your local international trade team.
ξ Rishikesh Chanda
ξ Senior Trade & Investment Manager
ξ British Deputy High Commission
ξ 1A, Ho Chi Minh Sarani
ξ Kolkata – 700 071, India
ξ Tel: +91 33 2288 5172
ξ Email: email@example.com
ξ Darren Forbes-Batey & David Connolly
ξ Environment & Water Sectors Group
ξ UKTI, Kingsgate House, London, UK
ξ Email: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
UKTI runs a range of events for exporters, including seminars in the UK, trade missions to
overseas markets and support for attendance at overseas trade shows.
Latest events in the Environment and Water sector
Contact: Rishikesh Chanda
Date: 28-30 September, 2012
Contact: Milind Godbole, UKTI Ahmedabad
Date: 02-04 November, 2012
More about OMIS and other UKTI services for exporters