Environment & Water Opportunities in India

An Expert's View about Collection and Treatment of Hazardous Waste in India

Last updated: 14 Mar 2011

The Indian market for Low Carbon and Environmental Goods and Services sector is £194 billion and is only fourth to US, China and Japan,with a 6% share of the global market.

Sector briefing Environment & Water Opportunities in India Why India? India sustained its position as one of the fastest growing economies in the world by achieving a 7.4 per cent growth in GDP in 2009-10. India is also one of the largest economies in the world, having joined the trillion dollar economies in 2007. IMF has projected a growth rate of 9.4% in 2010-11. The Indian market for Low Carbon and Environmental Goods and Services (LCEGS) sector is £194 billion and is only fourth to US, China and Japan, with a 6% share of the global market. ?LCEGS sector in India is going to grow at a significant The growth has been fuelled by massive urbanisation and industrialisation happening in pace? the country and also because of the importance given by the government to provide sustainable urban infrastructure. Find general information on the Indian market conditions on UKTI?s website. The Doing Business Guide for India gives an overview of India?s economy, business culture, potential opportunities and an introduction to other relevant issue . UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Environment and Water opportunities in India solid waste generation varies from 300 gm in Opportunities Bangalore to 500-550 gm in Mumbai and Delhi. Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment There is a demand for technologies and The water and wastewater treatment market is services for effective waste collection, one of the largest segments of the EGS market transportation and disposal, and its treatment worth US$1-1.2 billion with a projected growth and recycling. The conventional form of waste rate of 10-12 per cent per annum. This is disposal is landfill but there are opportunities in broken down into a third for water supply, a alternative forms of disposal, particularly in third for municipal water treatment, and a third waste to energy. Incineration is not considered for industrial water treatment. The agricultural to be a viable option in India, due to the high sector uses 85 per cent of the available fresh moisture content in waste. Opportunities exist water supply, of which 50-80 per cent is in areas such as: wasted by inefficient irrigation. The key polluters of water are cement mills, sugar, thermal power plants, distilleries, chemicals, iron, steel, pulp and paper. ? High rate biomethanisation systems; ? Designing and construction of Sanitary The main opportunities are in the following landfills; ? Engineering and consulting services on areas: waste collection and transportation; Design, manufacture and installation of various ? Landfill treatment; types of wastewater systems; ? Waste treatment plants; ? Zero discharge systems; ? Outdoor compositing; ? Wastewater recycling technologies; ? Anaerobic digestion of waste and ? Common effluent treatment plants; sewage sludge; ? Ultra filtration technology ? Biological-mechanical waste treatment; ? Chemical (arsenic, ammonia, chromium, ? Waste to Energy Technologies; fluoride) removal systems; ? Plants for processing and recycling ? Groundwater treatment solutions; construction & demolition wastes ? sewage system rehabilitation and septic (including bituminous material); system rehabilitation and alternatives; ? Desalination Technology; Hazardous Waste (HW) ? Participation in BOT,BOO and other PPP In India, there are 36,165 nos. of hazardous projects; waste generating industries, generating ? Rainwater Harvesting technology; 62,32,507 Metric Tonnes of hazardous wastes ? Storm-water Management Technology and every year. The category-wise classification of products; ? packaged and transportable sewerage and this quantity is as follows: wastewater treatments; and - Land Fillable HW ? 27,28,326 MTA (Metric ? Waterless composting toilets Tonnes/Annum) (43.78%) - Incinerable HW - 4,15,794 MTA (6.67%) Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Management - Recyclable HW - 30,88,387 MTA (49.55%) It is estimated that about 0.115 million metric tonnes per day (tdp) of municipal solid waste is Gujarat, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh are generated in the country and 42 million tonnes the top three HW generating States. The annually. Per capita waste generation in cities relative contributions by these States are 28.76 varies from 0.2 kg to 0.6 kg per day depending %, 25.16 % and 8.93 % respectively. upon the size of population. An assessment has Thereafter, Chhattisgarh (4.74 %), Rajasthan been made that per capita waste generation is (4.38 %), West Bengal (4.17 %) and Tamil increasing by about 1.3% per year. With Nadu (4.15 %) are found as major generators growth of urban population ranging between 3 of HW. These seven States are together to 3.5% per annum, the annual increase in generating 80.29 % of country?s total HW. overall quantity of solid waste is assessed at about 5%. There is limited know-how in India on cost- efficient Hazardous waste minimisation. While The solid waste generated by the million plus traditional incineration methods of processing cities varies from 1200 metric tonnes per day hazardous waste are well know in India, most in cities like Ahmedabad and Pune to a other modern techniques are not widely maximum of 5000-5500 metric tonnes per day available. The opportunities exist in: in cities like Delhi and Mumbai. The per capita UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Environment and Water opportunities in India ? Equipment and technology for semi- ? Modern hazardous waste automatic CRT cut and cleaning; management/treatment technologies; ? Integrated smelters; ? Designing of landfill sites for hazardous ? Integrated e-waste recycling technology waste and incineration; complying with all the environmental ? Hazardous waste consultancy services, e.g. norms in the terms of emissions, consu effluents, noise waste treatment and ltancy on o Cyanide waste; disposal etc o Distillation waste; ? Technology to increase the recovery of o Waste from dyes and dye material from e-waste ? CRT Treatment Technology intermediates; o Incinerat ? Plastic Recycling Technologyion of solid, liquid and gaseous waste; ? Training ? Pyrolysis techno ? Products and technology for logy for chemicals, agricultural chemicals and paints; decontamination ? Solidification and stabilisation of hazardous waste; Air Pollution ? Waste m The air pollution control market was worth inimisation; ? Bio-filtration and oxidation technologies; US$550 million and is estimated to be growing ? Hazardous waste handling, col at 15 per cent per annum. There has been lection and transportation equipment; and rapid growth in the market due to strict Land & Water Remediat emission standards in the transport sector. ion methods like bio- According to one estimate the need for remediation and phyto-remediation. pollution control technology could be as large as US$4.2 billion and grow at the rate of 10-12 E-Waste per cent per annum. There are critical levels of According to a national level inventorisation air pollution in West Bengal, Gujarat, Bihar, study conducted by a consultancy firm, India Pondicherry, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan. generated around 3,32,000 tonnes of e-waste Vehicular pollution is a particular problem. The in 2007. It was also found that an additional sheer numbers of vehicles, the density of the 50,000 tonnes of e-waste comes as imports. traffic and the types of engine used are all Due to factors like lack of proper collection contributory factors. centres and technology, only 1,44,000 tonnes of waste is recycled. Business opportunities exist in areas such as: ? Flue Gas Desulphurisation (FGD) for Sixty-five cities in India generate more than industrial air pollution 60% of the total e-waste generated in India. ? Advanced air pollution control Ten states generate 70% of the total e-waste ? Stack air quality monitoring equipment generated in India. Maharashtra ranks first ? Clean coal technologies, and followed by Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar ? Mercury control Pradesh, West Bengal, Delhi, Karnataka, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Punjab in the list Environmental Monitoring of e-waste generating states in India. The environmental monitoring services sector in India is closely related to and driven by Among top ten cities generating e-waste, current legislation in monitoring air and water Mumbai ranks first followed by Delhi, quality in India. The Central Pollution Control Bangalore, Chennai, Kolkata, Ahmedabad, Board (CPCB), along with State Pollution Hyderabad, Pune, Surat and Nagpur. Control Boards, is responsible for monitoring air and water quality. There is a need to Estimations of generated e-waste volumes in increase the monitoring of water quality at 2020 suggest India would provide business source and of the impacts of discharged opportunities for: effluents. CPCB has put in stringent requirements for controlling water pollution, ? Pre-processing technologies; including water from municipal wastewater ? Equipment and technology for manual treatment plants. Research suggests that these and semi-automatic dismantling/sorting requirements, along with some ongoing of fractions; problems with ground water quality and issues ? Equipment and technology for De- with effluents from plants will increase demand gassing CFC, HCFC; UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Environment and Water opportunities in India for monitoring equipment and services. According to CPCB, there is an immediate need to improve and upgrade the existing air monitoring network. Among the proposed measures were: replacing and upgrading existing equipment, training and infrastructure for sampling, analysis and data reporting, and monitoring of additional parameters such as carbon monoxide, lead and ozone. Specific opportunities are expected to arise in on-line monitoring of air and water quality. Environmental Consulting The environmental consulting services market in India was estimated to be worth US$ 200 million. The field is dominated by the domestic firms provide services such as auditing, environmental impact assessments (EIA), environmental management systems (EMS) and training. However, environmental consulting firms from Australia, Denmark, Canada, the UK, the US, France and Japan are also active in the market. There is a growing market in the segments like environmental training and R&D. If you have any questions on the opportunities above, contact the UKTI contacts named in this report. Business opportunities aimed specifically at UK companies are added daily to UKTI?s website. These leads are sourced by our staff overseas in British Embassies, High Commissions and Consulates, across all sectors and in over 100 markets. You can be alerted to business opportunities on a regular basis by registering on the UKTI website. Find out more on UKTI?s business opportunities service on the UKTI website UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Environment and Water opportunities in India Find full details of all events in this Major events and activities country and sector on the UKTI website. New export events are added daily to the site UKTI Outward Mission to India and you can register to be alerted to them on a Contact: Riccardo Belgrave daily, weekly or monthly basis Email: ricky.belgrave@ukti.gsi.gov.uk Time: February 2011 UKTI?s Tradeshow Access Programme (TAP) provides grant support for eligible Small & Environment and Energy Conclave 2010, Medium Sized Enterprises (SME's) to attend Kolkata trade shows overseas. Find out more about By Bengal Chamber of Commerce & UKTI support for attendance at overseas Industry events Contact: Rishikesh Chanda Email: rishikesh.chanda@fco.gov.uk Time: 27-28 August, 2010 Greentech Environment Conference & Expo, Hyderabad Contact: Rishikesh Chanda Email: rishikesh.chanda@fco.gov.uk Time: 05-06 September, 2010 Waste Management Expo, Hyderabad Contact: Rishikesh Chanda Email: rishikesh.chanda@fco.gov.uk Time: 09-12 December, 2010 th 8 EverythingAboutWater International Exhibition & Conference 2011, Mumbai Contact: Rishikesh Chanda Email: rishikesh.chanda@fco.gov.uk Time: 6 ? 8 January, 2011 th 19 Indian Engineering & Technology Fair (IETF 2011), New Delhi IETF - the Flagship Event of CII and focuses on SWM, Auto, Water, Energy, Environment and manufacturing. Contact: Rishikesh Chanda Email: rishikesh.chanda@fco.gov.uk Time: 10-12 February, 2011 Enviro-Tech, New Delhi Contact: Rishikesh Chanda Email: rishikesh.chanda@fco.gov.uk Time: March, 2011 (Dates to be confirmed) Aquatech India 2011, Mumbai Contact: Rishikesh Chanda Email: rishikesh.chanda@fco.gov.uk Time: 02-04 March, 2011 Water Today's Water Expo 2011, Chennai Contact: Rishikesh Chanda Email: rishikesh.chanda@fco.gov.uk Time: 16-18 March, 2011 UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Environment and Water opportunities in India UKTI contacts Rishikesh Chanda Senior Trade & Investment Manager British Deputy High Commission 1A, Ho Chi Minh Sarani Kolkata ? 700 071, India Tel: +91 33 2288 5172 Email: rishikesh.chanda@fco.gov.uk www.ukti.gov.uk Riccardo Belgrave Project Manage Environment & Water Sectors Group UKTI, Kingsgate House, London, UK Tel: +44 20 7215 4750 Email: ricky.belgrave@ukti.gsi.gov.uk www.ukti.gov.uk UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Environment and Water opportunities in India Next steps - How UKTI can help ? Arranging appointments British companies wishing to develop their ? Organise seminars or other events for business in the Indian market are advised to you to meet contacts and promote your undertake as much market research and company in the Chinese market planning as possible in the UK. UKTI?s team in India, with its wide local knowledge and This work is available via our Overseas Market experience, can provide a range of services to Introduction Service (OMIS) a chargeable British-based companies wishing to grow their service which assists British-based companies business in global markets. wishing to enter or expand their business in overseas markets. This can include: ? Provision of market information To find out more about commissioning this ? Validated lists of agents/distributors work, or accessing other UKTI services and ? Key market players or potential specialist advice, please visit the UKTI website customers in the Chinese market to find contact details for your local UKTI ? Establishment of interest of such office. contacts in working with you Whereas every effort has been made to ensure that the information given in this document is accurate, neither UK Trade & Investment nor its parent Departments (the Department for Business, Innovation & Skills, and the Foreign & Commonwealth Office), accept liability for any errors, omissions or misleading statements, and no warranty is given or responsibility accepted as to the standing of any individual, firm, company or other organisation mentioned. Published 2010 by UK Trade & Investment. Crown Copyright © UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Environment and Water opportunities in India
Posted: 29 September 2010, last updated 14 March 2011

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Environment & Water Opportunities in India   By UK Trade & Investment