Exporter Guide

An Expert's View about Agriculture and Animal Husbandry in Indonesia

Last updated: 27 Feb 2011

In Fiscal year (FY) 2010, Indonesia was the 8th largest export market for U.S. agricultural products, reaching $2.13 billion.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 1/27/2011 GAIN Report Number: ID1043 Indonesia Exporter Guide Exporter Guide Update Approved By: Dennis Voboril Prepared By: Fahwani Y.R. & Jonn Slette Report Highlights: In Fiscal year (FY) 2010, Indonesia was the 8th largest export market for U.S. agricultural products, reaching $2.13 billion. Indonesia managed to maintain a relatively healthy macroeconomic environment. In 2010, GDP growth reached an estimated 6.0 percent, up from 4.5 percent in 2009. GDP growth is projected to remain strong in 2011. Despite expanded levels of trade, market access issues continue to exist. Indonesia?s uneven enforcement of existing regulations combined with new regulations, which are often not properly notified to trading partners, create uncertainty for U.S. exporters. Post: Jakarta Executive Summary: SECTION I. MARKET OVERVIEW Economic Situation During the 2008-2009 global recessions, Indonesia managed to maintain a relatively healthy macroeconomic environment, with positive growth rates of 6.0 and 4.5 percent respectively. This is mainly attributed to high and inclusive growth of domestic consumption. Bank of Indonesia?s latest projections show that 2010 growth will reach the upper level of 5.5-6.0 percent range and that growth in 2011 could be as high as 6.0-6.5 percent. A combination of more progressive economic policies, ongoing structural reforms, and good debt management also contributed to Indonesia?s macroeconomic performance and economic stability. A stable rupiah is expected to help insulate pressure from higher commodity prices and provide room towards lowering inflation. Going forward in 2011, apart from uncertainties in food prices, inflationary pressures could also be driven by an increase in domestic demand. This will also enhance Indonesia as a market for U.S. processed food products. Significantly, Indonesia is now considered as the most stable democracy in Southeast Asia. Indonesia has impressively transformed from an authoritarian state to a regional role model. In 2001, Indonesia embarked on an ambitious and challenging decentralization effort. Today Indonesia is one of the most decentralized countries in the world with substantial funds and authorities devolved to the regional levels. Investment Law No. 25/2007 updated investment law redefines ?capital investment? as all investments, whether by domestic or foreign investors, for the first time offering equal treatment to all investors. There is no longer a limit of 30 years on foreign investment permits, and gone is the provision in Law 1/1967 for divestment. It includes also a range of investor protections, including a one-stop service for investors as well as more transparent rules. Different tax incentives are given to new investors and investors expanding their investment in Indonesia. As of December 2010, Indonesia maintains free trade agreements (FTA) with Japan, ASEAN, ASEAN- South Korea, ASEAN-Australia and New Zealand, ASEAN-Japan and ASEAN-China. However beside the gradual reduction in tariffs and quotas following trade agreements, exporters and importers still continue face lengthy and cumbersome custom procedures and non-tariff measures. Key Demographic Development and Customer Expenditure Indonesia is the 4th most populous nation in the world. Indonesia is also undergoing a major structural shift in terms of demographics. Of the 234 million people in 2010, around 53 percent of the population is between the ages 5-34 years old. A growing and more affluent middle class accounts for approximately 70% of GDP. The emerging middle class and consumers from the Indonesian middle class broadly support domestic industry and imported goods, particularly for retail and consumer products, processed foods, and the automotive industry. The latest Nielsen surveyed in September 2010 confirmed that Consumers in Indonesia remained optimistic, reaching an index of 115 Nielsen Global Consumer Confidence Index. Consumer Confidence Index levels above and below the baseline of 100 indicate degrees of optimism and pessimism. Based on the Statistic Indonesia (BPS), in 2009, monthly average expenditure per capita for food was Rp 217,720 ($21) or about 51 percent of total monthly expenditures. U.S. Food Product Exports to Indonesia The U.S. food and agricultural exports to Indonesia continues to grow and remained the 8th-largest export market for U.S. agricultural products. Fiscal Year 2010 BICO data showed that the U.S. Agricultural and Fishery Product exports to Indonesia reached $2.19 billion, nearly matching the record level of $2.28 billion set in FY08. In the consumer-oriented product category, Fresh Fruit, Processed Fruit & Vegetables, Fruit & Vegetable Juices, Tree Nuts, Nursery Products, and Pet Foods all reached record levels. Red meats showed a five-fold increase and approached the record level of $21 million. Dairy Products remained the largest export in this category at $145 million, up 60 percent from FY09 but short of the record level of $216 million set in FY08. Market Access Issue Despite the growth in trade, several market access issues continue to exist. Uneven enforcement of existing regulations combined with new regulations that are frequently not properly notified to trading partners or to the World Trade Organization (WTO). In general terms, market access barriers are a result of a combination of protectionism, nationalism, corruption, and lack of soft infrastructure among inspection agencies. The Government of Indonesia (GOI) has made efforts to address some concerns. Since December 2007, GOI has implemented the National Single Window (NSW) to push the movement of exported and imported products at the port. The NSW system requires all related government institutions to coordinate the process to clear exported & imported goods through an electronic system. The NSW system is planned to link with the ASEAN Single Window (ASW) in 2009 and all ASEAN countries will link completely in 2012. However, the electronic system creates additional problems for Indonesian traders as confusion continues with the requirements for the online documentation. Meanwhile, long lasting imported food package product registration number issue remains unresolved though progress has been made. The food labeling issue announced in September has further complicated this issue. Please visit GAIN attaché report ID 1028 in www.fas.usda.gov to get more information on these issues. Market Opportunities Indonesia's population of 234 million in 2010 is relatively young with almost 18 percent of the population between 15-24 years, and another 17 percent is between 25-34 years. Nearly 58 percent of the population lives on Java and accounts for 60 to 65 percent of consumer goods sales. Java also has the best infrastructure although urban areas in Sumatera, Bali, and Sulawesi are developing. There are 107 million people living in urban area in 2005 (latest published data). Combined, upper and middle-income consumers represent about 10 percent of the population, equal to about 23 million people. Most of these people live in major urban areas. These domestic consumers, along with a large expatriate community, consume a wide array of imported products. Table1. Population number in major urban areas (estimated) City Island Population (million) Jakarta, Bogor, Tangerang Bekasi Java 14.7 Surabaya Java 3.7 Yogyakarta & surroundings, Solo Java 1.9 Bandung, Bandung Barat Java 3.9 Semarang, Semarang District Java 2.5 Medan, Binjei Sumatera 2.4 Padang & surroundings Sumatera 0.9 Pakanbaru Sumatera 0.9 Palembang Sumatera 1.5 Makassar Sulawesi 1.3 Manado Sulawesi 0.7 Bali Bali 3.9 Balikpapan and Samarinda Kalimantan 1.3 Source: Indonesia Central Bureau of Statistic (BPS) The population has become increasingly literate and Westernized during the past decade due to the number of Indonesians who have studied and traveled abroad; easier access to international media to include the internet and cable television; increased number of smart phone and internet users; expansion of modern malls in major urban areas; and dramatic growth of major international hotel, restaurants, quick serve restaurants, and bakery chains; and continued growth of foreign tourist arrivals. Demand for imported food ingredients is growing. Food manufacturers are continually developing new snack products. Snacking is popular in Indonesian culture and is promoted in the media. The Indonesian consumer is very price conscious and susceptible to economic swings, particularly the middle and lower level income consumers. Overall, customers tend to prefer purchasing imports in smaller, less expensive packaging. An interest in healthy and organic products is growing. The trend includes digestive health, immune system, fortification, going back to nature, weight management, cardiovascular health, oral health and beauty health. More urban women are entering the workforce and choosing to stay there after marrying and having children. With less time available for shopping and cooking, more urban women are basing purchasing decisions on convenience. The number of kitchen appliances throughout the country is relatively low. In 2005, 19 percent of households had a refrigerator (33.7 percent of urban households and 8.1 percent of rural households). In 2008, about 19 percent of Indonesians used Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG), and one percent use electricity for cooking. The remaining households used kerosene stoves (31 percent) and fire wood (47 percent). Following GOI reduction of the fuel subsidy in 2008, more households switched from kerosene to LPG. During both Muslim and Chinese holiday seasons, consumer spending increases. The most important holiday seasons are Ramadan (the month-long Muslim fasting period in which food consumption goes up significantly), Lebaran or Idul Fitri (Muslim celebration at the end of Ramadhan), and Chinese New Year. Indonesians consume significantly greater amounts of flour, sugar, eggs, baking ingredients, poultry, meats, cheeses, cakes, cookies, pastries, and fresh and dried fruits during these holidays. Although Christmas is celebrated by less than 10 percent of the population, stores take advantage of the season and decorate and promote festive foods such as special fruits, sweets, and pastries. Other western celebrations including Valentine's Day, U.S. Independence Day, and Halloween have also become trendy among upper-scale restaurants in Indonesia. ADVANTAGES AND CHALLENGES FACING U.S. PRODUCTS IN INDONESIA Advantages Challenges Market size - Indonesia has a population Weak purchasing power of the majority of the of around 234 million people. population. An expa Muslimtriate population of about 60,000 s, who a lationccount for almost 90% of the popu , require halal cts. (50 percent of it is Korean, followed by s -certified produ Japanese, U.S., Taiwanese, and Australian) in Indonesia buys imported goods. In Jakarta, 50 percent of expatriates are Korean. Applied duties on most food and Import regulations are often complex and non- agricultural products are 5%. transparent, thus requiring close business relationships with a local agent. Getting an ML number (registration number) for imported retail packaged food products is also complicated but required. Label should use Indonesian language US Fresh Food of Plant Origin (FFPO) Animal based food must have an import permit from safety control system has been recognize. Indonesian Ministry of Agriculture Director-General of Livestock before imported to Indonesia. Only several beef establishments approved to export its products to Indonesia The distribution system on the island of Infrastructure outside of the main island of Java, Java is improving, providing increased including ports and cold storage facilities, is poorly access to a population of 135 million. developed. U.S. food products have a reputation for Third-country competition and promotion remains quality. strong, especially from Australia, Indonesia also does not produce sufficient New Zealand, and China. Food product imports from quantities of beef, dairy products, tree Malaysia, Philippines, and Thailand are also growing. nuts, temperate zone fresh fruit and vegetables, and pet food The food processing industry is constantly Bilateral free trade agreements with other countries creating new products to accommodate encourage import of more lower-priced products, Indonesian taste preferences particularly from China Distribution and availability of imported Consumers tend to require smaller package sizes and products is expanding due to the rapid importers tend to require smaller shipment sizes, growth of the modern supermarket sector, making it difficult for some companies to ship to western restaurant chains and bakeries, a Indonesia well-developed tourism industry II. EXPORTER BUSINESS TIPS Local business customs Agents/importers are only allowed to register imported package products for retail purpose in order to obtain an import registration (ML) number to the National Agency of Drug and Food Control (BPOM). So choosing a local agent is a very important decision. Several principles to keep in mind when choosing a local agent are: o Conduct careful, detailed research in order to confirm claims. Prospective representatives who claim connections to important people should be treated with extreme caution. Such connections are not necessary - commercial acumen is of greater value in the market. o Do not grant exclusive rights to a local representative until after working with them in order to gain a clear understanding of their capabilities. o Pay attention to accounting standards applied in the preparation of reports supporting the financial standing of a potential representative or partner. Most importers also act as distributors, whether as exclusive agents or as consolidators, and have offices or local distributors in major cities all over Indonesia. Educate the importer, the retailer, and the consumer about your product. Exporters should not assume that Indonesian companies know how to promote, handle, and prepare imported products. Food processors often require assistance developing products using imported food ingredients. Support your importer, distributor, and agent by maintaining product quality. Market research, especially for product testing, price comparison, and adjusting the product for local tastes is important. Importers, distributors, food service providers, and retailers can help with market research as well as understanding government regulations, which is critical. While quality and price are important, they are secondary to the personal interaction with business partners. Face-to-face meetings are very important to Indonesians, though younger importers are more comfortable with establishing their relationships via electronic communication. Exporters usually must visit Indonesia 2-3 times before details are finalized. Product should be packed and shipped for a tropical climate and have clear storage instructions. Few cold storage or air-conditioned facilities and delivery trucks exist. Sometimes stores turn off cold storage facilities at night to conserve energy. General consumer tastes and preference The majority of people still prefer fresh foodstuffs, which are readily available in their neighborhood at affordable prices. Healthy eating is becoming more popular among educated consumers and featured by newspaper, magazine, and television. Fresh foods, fruit juices, fruit concentrated-based beverages, organic foods, sugar-free confectionary, packaged food with higher fiber content, dairy products, vitamin and calcium fortified packaged food and beverages are also preferred by middle to upper-income consumers. Traditional and modern snack foods, such as confectionary, pastries, cakes, biscuits, ice cream, or sweet and savory snacks are very popular among Indonesians. Local flavors are preferred and local food manufacturers are exploring opportunities to produce new products using a combination of local and imported flavors. Frozen foods and instant noodles, which are preferred and easy to prepare for children, are popular among working mothers. Smaller package sizes are preferred due to convenience, price considerations, and weight management concern. Consumers are showing a concern to food additive, high amount of MSG, fat, sugar, salt, and preservatives in packaged food. Food Standards and Regulations & Export Certificates According to Indonesian regulations, imported products packaged for retail sale must be registered with the BPOM to obtain a ML number. The registration process can be lengthy, bureaucratic, and costly, so it is best to use a local agent. Food labeling is required. Requirements for labeling of food products are broad in scope. At the end of 2003, the head of BPOM published guidelines food labeling. The labeling regulation just enforced recently and per March 1, 2011, label must use Indonesian language (see recent GAIN Reports). Halal certification is not mandatory at this time but these guidelines are also under review. Given that almost 90 percent of the population professes the Islamic faith, it is highly recommended that halal certification be obtained. U.S. Islamic Centers must approved by the Indonesian Muslim Council (MUI) to issue halal certificates. All beef and poultry products and animal-based food products must be certified halal by Halal Certifier Body in the country of origin approved by MUI and the products must originate from slaughterhouses that have been approved by Directorate General of Livestock Service (DGLS), Ministry of Agriculture. Also, each imported meat shipment requires prior approval by the Ministry of Agriculture. The Indonesian government does not issue permits for imports of U.S. poultry parts, but allows imports of mechanically deboned (MDM) poultry meat. However, there is no progress on importing this product. Imported table grapes must be produced in a pest free area. In the United States, only the state of California has been declared by the government of Indonesia as an area determined to be free from Ceratitis capitata. Fresh fruit and vegetables, except table grapes originating in California, must be treated prior to shipment or subjected to in-transit cold treatment. In addition, the U.S. Fresh Fruit of Plant Origin (FFPO) safety control system of country of origin has been recognized by GOI. All imported the U.S. FFPO do not need Certificate of Analysis (COA) of Pesticide Residue. General import and inspection procedures At the end of 2007, GOI established its National Single Window program to improve the process for reviewing export and import documentations at the port. The NSW system requires all related government institutions to coordinate the process to clear exported & imported goods through an electronic system. The NSW system is planned to link with ASW in 2009 and all ASEAN countries will link completely in 2012. At the end of 2008, the Indonesian Ministry of Trade issued a regulation increasing the requirements for imported products that fall under 505 Indonesian 10-digit harmonized tariff codes, including food and beverages under 188 lines. The regulation limits the ports of entry, requires importer registration, and requires surveys by government-approved companies before export (See New Requirements for Selected Food & Beverages Report (ID9001). Indonesia?s Customs uses a schedule of arbitrary ?check prices? rather than actual transaction prices on importation documents to assess duties on food products import. Indonesian bound tariff rates on major food and agricultural items generally range from 5 to 40 percent. Import duties for a number of processed food products range from 5 to 15 percent. The duty applied to all imported alcoholic beverages effectively changed from ad valorem tariff to a specific tariff in April 2010 (see New Import Duty on Beverages content Certain Ethyl Alcohol report (ID1019) at www.fas.usda.gov). To find other regulation on the alcoholic beverage, please see New Regulation on Alcoholic Beverages report (ID9029). The government levies a 10 percent value-added tax on the sale of all domestic and imported goods. A regulation in early 2007 stated that value added tax is exempted for certain strategic products, such as corn, meat, poultry, egg, and fresh milk. For imports, these taxes are collected at the point of import and are calculated based on the landed value of the product, including import duties. Sales tax is 2.5 percent and excise for alcoholic beverage and alcoholic concentrate ranges between Rp.11,000-130,000/liter (approximately $1,25 cents to $14,60), depending on the percentage of ethyl alcohol content. Please see New Regulation on Alcoholic Beverages Excise report (ID1011) at www. fas.usda.gov. Import documents should be concise, with simple language, and complete. If all documentation is complete, customs clearance can be finished as early as two days (green line) and 5-7 days (red line and yellow line). Incomplete documentation could result in delays of several weeks. SECTION III. MARKET SECTOR STRUCTURE AND TRENDS A. Retail Sector Market Overview The Indonesian retail sector began its rapid expansion in 1999, when a Presidential Decree allowed Carrefour, a French retailer, to increase its outlet numbers in Jakarta. Growth of these retailers includes foreign retail giants such as Giant, Lotte (formerly Makro), and Lion Superindo as well Carrefour itself. Since then, the competition among the retailers become stronger and the Indonesian consumers have a benefit from it. Modern retail businesses such as hypermarkets, supermarkets, and mini-markets are replacing more traditional retail outlets, including wet markets and independent small grocers. Presidential Decree No 111/2007 stated that only supermarkets under 1,200 square meters and mini- markets under 400 square meters should be owned by domestic investor. Some of them have multi- format outlets. The development of information technology and changing life styles impacts consumers? perception of the value and quality of food products, as well as the way they purchase daily necessities. National modern retail chains generally start in Jakarta, then spread to other Javanese cities, and finally become established in other areas outside of Java. Foreign and national chains compete directly with existing regional modern outlets in these areas. Despite the growth in the modern retail sector, the majority of Indonesians continue to shop at traditional stores conveniently located near their homes or places of work. These stores sell conventional food and beverage products familiar to the majority of consumers. Nielsen reported that consumers visit the traditional markets 25 times per month for Traditional Grocery, 12 times per month for Wet Market and 19 times in Vegetable vendors. Table2. Number of modern retail outlets Description 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Supermarket 1,140 1,310 1,379 1,571 1,146 Hypermarket 83 105 121 127 141 Mini market 6,470 7,350 8,889 10,607 11,569 Source: Nielsen Weekends are the preferred time to visit the Hypermarkets and Supermarkets as 34% and 45% consumers respectively choose to visit both channels during the weekend time, probably while doing their ?recreation? as well, as they also choose afternoon time to visit the store. For Mini Markets, consumers usually visit at night (43%) during the workdays (19%). For traditional outlets (traditional stores and wet markets), consumers opt to visit in the morning with around 40% visit the channels on weekdays. The ?recreation? function of modern outlets is also important, as 79% of consumers visit these outlets with their families. With traditional markets, more than 65 percent of consumers prefer to go alone. Domestic Industry Concentration Modern retailers are concentrating on improving their marketing of quality fresh produce, a substantial portion of which is imported, as is exemplified by the emergence of a number of fruit boutiques. Beside the growing specialty stores to serve highend customers, dairy and poultry one-stop shopping stores (Susu Oke and Bel Mart) are also starting in Jakarta and surrounding areas. In addition, mini-markets, convenience stores, and other shops carry a wide range of convenience food items and fresh fruits. These stores are found throughout Indonesia?s major urban centers and are also co-located with gasoline stations, such as Bright, Select, Surya, Bonjour and now includes Indomaret and Alfamart. Franchising is also driving the rapid growth of mini-markets and convenient stores. Some outlets open for 24 hours, such as 7-Eleven, Circle, Alfamart and Indomart convenience stores. Nielsen reported that consumers select different channels for different categories. Consumers make their purchase for commodity goods like instant noodles, cooking oil, soy sauce in traditional channels. More 50 percent of consumers purchase milk, vitamins and personal care products in modern trade. In 2009, the average per capita monthly expenditure in Indonesia was about 41.54 dollars (Rp. 430,065) and 50.62 percent of it goes for food. A typical break down of these expenditures is as follows: 17.5 percent for cereals 8.5 percent for fish 7.7 percent for vegetables 6.5 percent for milk & eggs 4.0 percent for fruit 4.0 percent for beverages 3.9 percent for oil & fats 3.7 percent for meat the rest for other food products Table3. Growth of Retail Package Food Sales in 2005-2010 Product 2005-10 2010-15 Volume sales in 2009 Value sales in 2009 CAGR CAGR (thousand tons) (Rp. Billion) Baby Food - - - 15,538.3 Bakery 5.4 4.0 655.8 23.257.3 Canned/Preserved Food 11.6 9.4 62.1 2,610.3 Chilled Processed Food 8.5 6.5 11.2 702.0 Confectionery 6.4 4.2 211.0 14,125.3 Dairy - - - 16,586.1 Dried Processed Food 9.3 7.0 6,747.7 50,999.7 Frozen Processed Food 12.2 6.8 49.1 3,398.8 Ice Cream 6.0 5.6 84.9 2,891.1 Meal Replacement 11.1 7.5 0.7 165.1 Noodles 3.7 4.5 1.135.7 15,856.9 Oils and Fats 6.1 4.3 626.8 8,780.7 Pasta 7.5 5.7 4.0 136.4 Ready Meals 5.2 6.0 0.8 42.6 Sauces, Dressings and 5.0 3.6 284.8 5,295.4 Condiments Snack Bars - 9.0 0.2 34.6 Soup 15.8 5.4 0.4 30.9 Spreads 6.5 4.4 12.6 689.3 Sweet and Savoury 5.6 4.5 294.4 8,644.8 Source: Euromonitor Western lifestyle influences drive choices for breakfast cereals, spreads and baked goods to replace the traditional breakfast of rice and noodle. They also push the consumption of milk, yoghurt, cheese, pasta, meat nuggets, sausages, and red meats. Opportunities for Foreign-Supplied Products The local industry dominates the markets for baked goods, noodles, and other wheat-based products, snacks, frozen poultry products, processed dairy products, canned fish, soft drinks, and bottled and packaged teas, tropical fruits and vegetables, and fresh sea food. While businesses featuring fresh produce compete on their ability to supply competitively priced locally-grown products, businesses featuring processed food and beverages compete based on brand name. There are several multinational companies in this sector, including Unilever, Nestle, Kraft, Danone, Heinz, Frito Lay, and Effem. Temperate fresh fruit, fruit juice, beef, frozen french fries, confectionaries, tree nuts, cheese, and pet foods are mostly imported. Primary competing suppliers include Australia, New Zealand, Netherlands, South Africa, Canada, Brazil, China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Pakistan, Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore. Imported items continue to face burdensome registration requirements, making business difficult. This is particularly true for specialty stores carrying a higher percentage of imported food products or stores that want to test the market for new products. Since September 2008, BPOM has enforced the ML number regulation for all imported package food for retail purpose. All non-ML products displayed in supermarket shelves and storages are subject to being confiscated. Furthermore, non-transparent and unpredictable customs clearance procedures, besides being costly and administratively cumbersome, create problems when products with limited shelf-life are unexpectedly held at port. Specialty stores serving expatriates from the west nations, Korea, Japan, as well as domestic high-end consumers in major urban areas, have been negatively impacted because of ML issue. In addition to that, labeling issues that recently came up also will hamper the imported products. All imported package food products must use Indonesian language and it will be enforced in March 1, 2010. This issue remains unresolved as of December, 2010. Indonesian halal concerns continue to challenge U.S. food exporters. According to Indonesian regulations, halal products shall be foods, beverages, drugs, cosmetics, biochemistry products, genetically modified products composed of halal elements to be consumed, drank, used, or worn that have undertake process of halal products in accordance with Islamic Law. Trend in Promotion and Marketing Strategies Expatriate and high-income Indonesian consumers are not as price sensitive and often look for branded, gourmet, and imported items. Organic and healthy products are starting to become more popular. Younger consumers from middle and upper income families are also looking for more variety and are less cost conscious. The latest Nielsen survey found that Indonesian consumer purchasing decision for food is 19 percent influenced by online reviews, consumer researching is 23 percent influenced by online reviews, and 17 percent will not buy without consulting online reviews. In Indonesia, about 30 percent of consumers will share a negative product experience online. Modern retailers use television and print media for regular and seasonal promotions. Trend in Tourism Sales, Holiday Gift Sales, and Internet Sales Food in retail sale mostly goes to domestic consumers. Indonesian is delighted to buy food for their family, relatives, friends, and colleagues especially after travel and special day includes holiday season. However, in the last few years, the GOI prohibited holiday gifts for GOI official to support an anticorruption campaign. Although the Indonesian consumers have begun to use the internet to buy products, it is not commonly used to buy food products at this point. Best Product Prospects For U.S. products currently present in the Indonesian market, fresh fruit continues to have the best sales prospects. U.S. cheese and processed fruits & vegetables have also started to increase market share. Some of the best selling processed foods include frozen french fries, frozen and canned vegetables, breakfast cereals, snack foods, biscuits, crackers, popcorn, baby food, dressings, sauces, seasonings, cooking and salad oils, fruit juices and beverages. There are also good opportunities for sales of other U.S. high value items. Many of these are not yet in the market in significant quantities. These include refrigerated frozen foods such as frozen pizza, frozen meats, delicatessen meats, organic foods, and specialty fruits, particularly certain types of berries. B. HRI (Hotel, Restaurant, and Institutional) Food Service Sector Market Overview Over the past view years, the HRI sector - especially hotels, restaurants, bars and cafés - has expanded into the major secondary cities in Java and the bigger cities in other islands. This is driven by business visitors and cultural events: Meeting, Incentive, Convention, and Event (MICE)-and the opening of new modern shopping malls in those cities. Bali remains the most visited tourist destination in Indonesia followed by Jakarta and Batam. During 2002 to 2008, Singapore, Malaysia, Japan, Australia, China, South Korea, and Taiwan accounted for the highest numbers of tourists by nationality, followed by the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Netherlands, and France. Table4. Indonesian Tourism Indicators Description Year 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 No. of foreign tourists (mil) 5.0 4.9 5.5 6.2 6.3 Revenue (US $bill) 4.5 4.4 5.3 7.3 6.3 Occupancy Rate (%) 45 46 47 48 48 Number of hotel rooms 280,433 285,800 303,376 325,218 334,817 Source: Indonesia Central Bureau Statistic (BPS) There were around 1,239 star rated, boutique and resort hotels with 118,716 rooms in Indonesia as per 2009. Major concentrations of the five star hotels/resorts were in Jakarta (153 hotels) and in Bali (149 hotels). Hotels in main cities other than Bali, with 46 ? 53 percent occupancy rates in 2008 and 2009, depend very much on MICE business. Indonesia?s growing middle class has resulted in higher incomes, more middle class communities, and a new generation of people that demand socializing after hours, western food products and brand names. Middle class consumers also have easier access to media and internet facilities. These mediums further expose Indonesian consumers to various international products, activities and lifestyles. Around 70 percent of the 1,212 upscale chain and independent restaurants are located in Bali and Jakarta. 408 restaurants in Bali and 146 in Jakarta are considered high-end and serve Western and international cuisine made with imported food products. The rapid growth of Western-style, specialized coffee shops, café, bars and wine lounges as well as bakeries have also resulted in an increase of imported specialty and gourmet food and beverage products. Fast food outlets continue to thrive, despite the domination of roadside stalls and vendors in the food service industry. Currently, over thirty percent of Indonesia?s urban population eats fast food once a week. The most prevalent fast food outlets include Kentucky Fried Chicken, McDonald?s, A&W and Pizza Hut. These outlets will remain popular due to affordable prices, high standards and quality, and their widespread throughout Indonesia. More and more burger and pizza outlets from different companies open in Jakarta and its surrounding in the last few years. Tabel5. Food Service Outlets 2009 % Growth Annual Forecast % Des 2008/2009 Growth 2009-14 CAGR cription No of Value No of Ou alue tlets (Rp.billion) Ou No of Outlets Vtle Valuets Cafes and bars (Chain & Independent) Specialist Coffee 402 1,197.6 11.0 12.4 5.9 5.1 Shop Other Cafe 2,926 26,776.4 3.6 7.5 2.1 1.1 Full-service restaurants (Chain & Independent) European 321 2,588 4.2 6.8 2.1 1.5 North American 705 3,419.9 5.7 8.8 3.7 3.0 Latin American 38 216.2 5.6 11.5 7.0 5.7 Middle Eastern 28 128.3 3.7 10.0 6.0 4.8 Asian 95,799 227,506.9 1.2 6.1 2.6 2.4 Pizza 408 3,710.9 7.1 8.7 3.6 3.7 Others 443 3,074.1 4.0 7.0 4.7 3.4 Fast Food (Chain & Independent) Bakery products 863 750.1 3.9 13.3 2.8 6.2 Burger 386 1,885.6 6.9 5.0 5.5 3.1 Chicken 983 3,400.4 3.3 12.0 2.4 3.0 Ice cream 196 125.3 14.6 15.0 11.9 11.0 Middle Eastern 25 37.8 4.2 3.0 3.7 1.2 Asian 1,483 4,267.2 3.2 5.2 2.2 2.4 Convenience 188 46.9 55.4 52.0 13.0 13.9 Store Traditional food seller Street Stalls and 89,231 11,422.9 1.6 4.2 0.8 0.3 Kiosks Source: Euromonitor Opportunity for Foreign-Supplied Products Hotels in tourist areas like Bali and main urban centers such as Jakarta, Bandung, Surabaya, and Medan are more likely to serve imported food products in their fine dining restaurants, bars and wine lounges. Imported foods are also used by airlines, mining and petroleum companies, international standard catering services, and star rated hotels and independent restaurants for outside-catering to serve private social events and weddings. Other non-Indonesian foods are dominant users of imported food products. However, three-star or low budget hotels, independent medium and small scale caterers (over 6,500) that serve factories, offices, schools, hospitals, and majority outer island mining and oil operations use only local food items. The main imported items used at this level of service tends to include beef offal and trimmings, fresh and canned fruits, frozen potatoes and vegetables, dressing, sauces, and bakery ingredients. Western style fast food outlets purchase imported foods, but the variety is limited to such items as frozen french fries, mozzarella cheese, and condiments. Restaurants serving noodles, Japanese food, pizza, and fried chicken, as well as bakery product outlets and coffee houses are prominent and tend to use imported beef offal/trimming, fresh and canned fruits, frozen potatoes and vegetables, dressing, sauces, bakery ingredients, juice and mixed drinks, whipping cream, bakery ingredients and mixes, delicatessen products, and various coffee ingredients, such as creamer, honey, and flavorings. Australia still holds the largest market share of dairy products, beef, seafood, fresh fruits and vegetables, wine and processed products. New Zealand?s main exports are dairy products, beef, and lamb. Geographically, both countries have the advantage of shorter shipping time in comparison to U.S. which effects in lower price with equally great quality products. Irreplaceable food ingredients for French, Italian, Japanese and Korean restaurants depend greatly on imported products (cheese, condiments, oils, sauces, rice, and canned foods). South Africa has gained stronger market share in fresh fruits, juices, and wine. China is another U.S. competitor in fresh fruits sector, to include products such as apples and oranges. Canadian frozen potatoes/french fries is the only main competitor of U.S. products, Indonesia?s highest consumption in fast foods, restaurants and cafes. U.S. dairy and non-dairy based beverage mixes for cafes, fast foods, and beverage vendors have done well during the past five years. Main U.S. competitors in these products include Taiwan and Korea. France and Chile have become very competitive in the Indonesian wine market. The past few years, local wine makers have also begun to produce varieties of wine from both local grapes and imported Australian grape must to avoid the high taxes on imported alcoholic beverage. These wines become readily available and more affordable for all HRI industry type throughout the country. The U.S. market share remain strong with high potential in fresh fruits, frozen potatoes, dairy, bakery ingredients, and beverage ingredients since 80 percent fast food, restaurant, and café industries are U.S. franchise holders. Unfortunately, since around September of 2008, the enforcement of government regulations on imported products and the global economic downturn have resulted in dramatic shortages of high quality imported products at both retail and HRI industries and in urban areas. This means the industries have to source for local products with substandard or lower quality in general. Table6. Growth of Food Service Package Food Sales in 2005-2010 (volume) Product Annual Forecast % Growth Volume sales in 2009 (000 2005-10 2010-15 tonnnes) CAGR CAGR Baby Food - - - Bakery 8.1 5.2 435.4 Canned/Preserved Food 6.4 4.0 4.1 Chilled Processed Food 6.2 4.5 1.0 Confectionery 3.9 2.8 8.1 Dairy - - - Dried Processed Food 7.9 5.7 2,274.1 Frozen Processed Food 13.2 10.9 7.3 Ice Cream 9.4 7.5 57.7 Meal Replacement - - - Noodles 2.2 2.6 223.6 Oils and Fats 9.2 6.7 905.0 Pasta 10.8 9.0 2.6 Ready Meals - - - Sauces, Dressings and 6.0 5.8 262.2 Condimetns Snack Bars - - - Soup 3.6 3.2 0.0 Spreads 3.3 3.0 3.4 Sweet and Savoury 3.7 2.9 69.5 Source: Euromonitor Domestic Industry Concentration Indonesian people are interested in western products, especially as more people begin to choose healthier products and become more sensitive to quality and taste, consistent supply, regardless of higher prices. Concurrently, the increasing number of tourists and expatriates in Bali and other developing urban areas beyond Java require more quality and consistent products. Business meetings and socializing in the large cities also take place in specialist coffee shops, tea shops, as well as franchise and independent cafes. In addition, new international franchise food service is predicted to take an opportunity to have a business in Indonesia inviting by entrepreneur families graduated from abroad. These changes dynamics require the HRI industry to improve at all level of management, hygiene, food quality, and healthy food awareness which will set the future trend of Indonesian eating culture among the upper class society. The latest trends in café business for high-end consumers in Jakarta is those joining forces/collaborating with bookstores for a café-reading style. They serve mainly pastries and desserts, sandwiches, salads, light pasta dishes, and long list of coffee drinks and blends, and fresh juices. Frozen yogurt boutiques or bars have taken off in the past four years as a new trend in Jakarta, Surabaya and Bandung. Each year an average of four new outlets of a single brand open up in malls for high-end consumers. The plan is to expand the business to Medan, Makassar, Banjarmasin, and Semarang. In addition, some fast foods like KFC and McDonald?s have opened cafés for young adults with internet free Wi-Fi service following the trend-setter cafés all over the country. The U.S. franchises such as KFC, McDonald?s, Wendys, A&W, Texas Fried Chicken, as well as local California Fried Chicken provide more services to their family type outlets with Kids Program or Party Club packages, safe playgrounds for children, free Wi-Fi and computers for youth. These outlets along with the other market leaders like Dunkin Donut, Starbucks, and local franchise Solaria started to open their outlets in gas stations and/or rest areas on the main inter-province highways along Java, which most likely to be followed by other islands like North Sumatera, South Kalimantan and South Sulawesi. Throughout Bali , the 24 hour convenience store like Circle K provide tourists and expatriates with hot coffee, tea, cold beverages, burgers, hotdogs, freshly baked pastries, healthy bread and cookies. This sector shows a great deal of improvement in the future and the consumption of imported standard food ingredients and products, and beverage (soft drinks, local and imported beer/liquor) products will increase. This trend is followed by Indomaret, Alfamart, and Starmart. Trend in Promotion and Marketing Strategies Promotion efforts by the Indonesian Board of Tourism around the country for example Visit Musi Palembang in Sumatera, Laskar Pelangi Belitung, Tanah Toraja Festival in South Sulawesi, Wakatobi Festival in Southeast Sulawesi, Sasando Music Festival in Kupang-Nusa Tenggara, and Sultra Vista Vaganza Bali in conjunction with Bali travel industry are expected to increase the flight frequencies, ground transportation improvement, hotel and restaurant services that attracted more domestic and foreign visitors. Constant exposures of Bali in documentary National Geography, Discovery Channel, BBC Knowledge films, and Hollywood movies provide an even more positive impact on the growth of tourism and HRI industry in the eastern part of Indonesia. Currently, comments and information about food and restaurants are commonly spread through smart phones and social networking sites like Facebook and Twitter. This trend is widely use by users in big cities in line with improvement of internet connection. In addition, flyer distribution, Facebook and billboards to promote home delivery and takeaway service are increasing to support busy life style demand such as student, the office workers, and young families. Best Product Prospects The high demand food items in the HRI industry includes chicken, beef, processed meats, seafood, and frozen potatoes. Best market prospects for U.S. suppliers include duck, turkey, seafood, French-fries, bakery ingredients, sauces and seasonings, oil and vinegars, cereals, seafood, canned food, fresh fruits, soft drinks, juices, tree nuts, ice cream, snacks, beer, reasonably-priced wines, liquor, beef and beef offal. USDA choice meat, processed meat, chicken, salmon, variety of cheese, and wine are among the potential products but lack of availability due to significant barrier. The demand for U.S. dairy and non-dairy based beverage mixes/blends for cafés, fast foods, and beverage vendors (Pop Ice) will continue to grow. Imported healthy flavored ice drinks like green-tea and fruit ice blends, pure chocolate and non-fat milk drinks, fresh and concentrated fruit juices will be expected to increase dramatically in the next few years. Table7. Variety of Imported Food Products in Indonesia Market for HRI Industry Products Description Type of HRI Industry Fruits fresh, frozen, canned, dried All type Vegetables fresh, frozen, canned, preserved All type Potatoes frozen All type Dairy products milk, cheese, butter, whipping cream, High-end yogurt, ice cream Bakery ingredients baking mix, dried fruits & nuts, fillings, Middle & high end type chocolate, whey, NFDM, yeast, food coloring, etc Soup, soup bases, broth canned, dried/powder Middle & high end type Condiments mayonnaise, salad dressings, sauces Middle & high end type (barbeque, chili, soy, marinating), mustard, spices, etc Seafood fresh/chilled/ frozen salmon, crab, High end type scallop, tuna Preserved fruit, jam, Middle & high end type spread Cooking ingredients vinegar, cider, vegetable oil (corn, Middle & high end type sunflower, soybean, canola, olive), tomato paste and puree, etc Non-alcoholic beverage juices, coffee, tea, and soft drinks Middle & high end type Alcoholic beverage liquor, beer and wine High end type Mixed drinks, blends dried/powder Middle & high end type Beef (first grade) fresh, chilled, frozen High end type Beef of secondary cuts/ frozen All type trimming, oxtail, tounge Beef offal/heart/liver frozen Small restaurants, street- side vendors and small catering services Poultry frozen duck, turkey High end type Delicatessen processed meat and poultry High end type Source: FAS Jakarta interview C. Food Processing Sector Market Overview In 2008, the product value of the Indonesian food processing industry was $42.59 billion, up 22 percent from 2007. Meanwhile, raw material inputs during the year were $29.60 billion up 27 percent from 2007. The industry consists of businesses of all sizes. In 2008, about 6,300 large and medium-size producers account for over 80 percent of output and over 20 percent of the 3.36 million employees. The remaining 20 percent of processed food is produced in homes and sold on the street in roadside outdoor small restaurants, small roadside retailer kiosks called warungs, or on the street by vendors with small carts called kaki limas. Warungs, small restaurants along the road, and kaki limas are ubiquitous in Indonesia and provide a variety of meals and popular snacks for Indonesians. In Indonesia, giving food as a gift is a tradition and remains popular and snacking is also very popular. Several medium and large scale Indonesian snack food manufactures have merged over the past several years. The results of these mergers include lower production costs, and an increased use of more modern manufacturing methods and equipment. This has ultimately led to higher quality, and more consistent products that are less expensive for consumers. Also, large scale Indonesian snack food manufacturers are developing more creative ways to compete with imports in the domestic market. Other than beef, chicken, fish, and soybean-based foods (e.g. tofu and tempe), processed meat products are an alternative protein source for over 50 percent of the Indonesian population ? namely among the middle and lower income consumers. Processed meat products include delicatessen products, burger patties, meatballs, sausages, and nuggets. These products are more affordable to the middle and lower income consumers than beef or poultry meat. Meatball production has always been a significant source of meat protein for the total population. Burger patty, sausage, and nugget production took off after the financial and political crises in 1998. The meat processing industries require consistent supplies of quality meat as basic ingredients; this demand cannot be met locally and are totally reliant on meat imports. The increasing healthy life style drives the need for exercise and the demand for healthier food products or those products considered to have health benefits. Besides attracting young consumers, the need for healthier products also creates more beverage products in the market currently, such as beverages that contain vitamin C, mineral, polyphenols, ginseng, low calorie, fruit juice extract, etc. Table8. Growth of Food Service Package Food Sales in 2005-2010 Product Sales in 2009 % Volume Growth Volume (million liters) Value (Rp. Billion) 2008/09 2009/14 (prediction) Off-trade On-trade Off-trade On-trade Carbonates 583.0 95.9 5,689.3 2,333.0 12.5 4.3 Fruit/Vegetable Juice 98.8 8.9 702.4 192.1 13.4 4.5 Bottle Water 12,751.0 927.2 12,348.6 4,835.9 14.3 4.3 Functional Drinks 347.2 5.2 4,484.7 151.4 16.2 9.8 Concentrates 70.8 - 5,536.5 2,210.7 11.2 1.8 RTD Tea 1,081.5 357.2 9,874.0 4,730.8 16.7 6.9 RTD Coffee 7.9 0.5 119.8 11.8 20.0 14.0 Asian Specialty Drinks 1,080.8 352.7 10,142.9 4,683.9 16.3 6.5 Source; Euromonitor Domestic industry Concentration Indonesia?s 62 million children and teenagers are the targeted consumers for snack manufactures. Medium and low-end manufactures produce snacks almost exclusively for traditional markets, as these outlets have lower quality and packaging requirements. About five to ten percent of the products go to modern retailers. Currently, they are fifteen large-scale snack manufactures in Indonesia. About six of these companies are manufacturing savory snacks. The numbers of medium and small manufactures are estimated to be in the thousands; mostly located on Java. The number of these manufactures has increased over sixty percent during the past five years. Also, many medium-scale snack food manufactures produce bulk plain snacks, which they sell to larger snack companies for further processing. The large manufactures add flavoring and packaging and then retail the products under their own specific brand names. The medium and large scale snack food manufactures distribute their products directly to retailers? warehouses, hypermarkets, supermarkets, and minimarkets, and traditional markets. Small vendors purchase branded snacks from agents, sub-agents, or wholesalers. Despite energy supply and infrastructure problems, there is several factors contributing to the growth of the food processing industry are the introduction of new flavors and products, aggressive promotional activities, growth of modern retail outlets, and growing health awareness particularly among consumers who were educated in the west. Smaller ready to eat packages are popular because of lower prices and the variety offered is increasing. Popular products include frozen poultry, frozen seafood, sausages, sugar confectionery, instant noodles, sweet and savory snacks, dairy drinks, and soft drinks. New brands and products with local flavors are also growing. All ages and income levels enjoy extruded snacks and other snacks of all kinds. More processors are finding adding value by fortifying their products. Currently wheat flour, dairy products, noodles, cooking oil, cookies, and frozen processed chicken fortified with minerals and vitamins are for sale in the market. Other products that are growing in popularity include functional packaged foods, breakfast cereals, fresh and pasteurized milk, yogurt, pasta, and frozen snacks, such as Chinese snacks, chicken and shrimp puffs, spring rolls, dumplings, and croquettes. Since the large majority of Indonesians are Muslim, most foods are produced using methods and products that meet halal requirements. ASEAN free trade agreement creates opportunity to supply food products produce domestically to other ASEAN countries. Opportunity for Foreign-Supplied Products Indonesia offers significant potential for U.S. suppliers of ingredients to the local food processing sector. Forecast increases in U.S. sales were attributed to more aggressive marketing, Government of Indonesia (GOI) efforts to promote the local food processing industry, concerns about the safety of Chinese ingredients, and opportunities to differentiate their products with U.S. ingredients. Medium and large scale snack food manufactures generally use between 20 percent and 40 percent of imported ingredients. The remaining ingredients generally consist of locally sourced products. The demand for processed meat is year round, the survey indicates that most products (65 percent) go to the wet/traditional markets, while 30 percent goes to modern retailers. The remaining 5 percent is absorbed by high-end meat products for foodservice industries and upscale retailers. Rice is a staple eaten at every meal. However, noodles from imported wheat are a popular substitute and use of wheat continues to grow. Dairy products continue to offer opportunities for U.S. milk powder to be mixed with fresh milk and as an ingredient. Indonesia currently only produces about 25 percent of milk production needs. Most importers prefer to work directly with U.S. suppliers in obtaining ingredients for snack manufactures, rather than work through agents or traders. However, in recent years it has been more difficult for Indonesian importers to find responsive U.S. suppliers. Demand of imported food ingredient includes food additive, other food chemical for fortification, and processing aid. Future food products trend is food that are able to enhance health, convenience, indulgence, ethics, and environment. Trend in Promotion and Marketing Strategies The growing number of more sophisticated, critical and educated Indonesian consumers is leading to an expanding market for more high value food ingredients and for more value added end products. Emphasizing of the superiority of food ingredients utilized in the food product advertisements in the media has proven to be an effective tool in educating the consumers especially children and mother in TV. Small packaging with nice package design and good quality package is common for children breakfast or lunch box. With the growth of modern retail outlets, consumers have better access to a wider variety of foods in general, and package food in particular, leading to positive growth in the food processing sector. Consumers with higher levels of education and income seek to consume healthy bread products containing oats, rye, sunflower seeds, pistachios, walnuts, cranberries, blueberries, and other berries as they become more health conscious and are exposed to western trends and lifestyles through cable TV and internet. Trend in Tourism Sales, Holiday Gift Sales, and Internet Sales The preferred breads for typical Indonesian consumers include sliced white bread, and bread rolls stuffed with chocolate, cheese, or meat. Middle and upper income consumers, to include international tourists and expatriates, demonstrate a growing interest in wheat bread, pastries made with almonds and other tree nuts, pastries and doughnuts made with blueberries, blackberries, and fresh-fruits tarts. This segment of the population is eager to try any new bakery products including cheese cakes, muffins, brownies, cupcakes, fruitcakes, and other Western pastries. Those products are usually bought by the Indonesian for their family, relatives, friends, and colleagues especially after travel and special day includes holiday season. The volumes of ingredients required may increase three to five times more prior to and during the Ramadan period. In addition, snacks are popular during the fasting month and are exchanged as gifts during Ramadan among all Indonesians. Best Product Prospects Sweet snack foods, which generally include items like sweet biscuits, creamed layered biscuits, butter cookies, chocolate and cheese wafers, and different types of extruded snacks, to include chocolate and vanilla rolls, chiki chocolate balls, chocolate filling squares, and chocolate coated square. Beside for baby food and drinking milk products, the manufactures add imported skim milk powder, sweet whey, full cream, and demineralized whey to the ingredient mixture and/or as additional ingredients for chocolate coating and filling. Other imported products, such as egg powder, malt extract, emulsifier, flavoring, vitamin premix (B1, B2, B6, B12) are used in smaller amounts. Primary ingredients include wheat flour (although milled from imported wheat), vegetable fats and oils, sugar, and cocoa powder. Savory snacks consists of potato chips, corn chips, extruded cheese balls, short sticks (Cheetos), square/roll stick with cheese filling and/or cheese coating or other fillings. The primary imported ingredients are mostly corn starch, potato starch, sweet whey, cheese powder, and cream cheese. These imported items are used in smaller quantities when compared to the primary local ingredients, like corn powder and dried corn kernel for extruded snack food production. Various secondary cut, variety meat, offal, chicken meat, and isolated soy protein (ISP) are needed by processed meat manufacturers. SECTIONIV. BEST CONSUMER ORIENTED PRODUCT PROSPECT Best market prospects for imported product, as identified by FAS Jakarta based on The Indonesian Statistic World Trade Atlas website: Product 2009 2009 5Yr. Import Tariff Key Market Category Import Import from Avg Rates Constraints to Attractiveness ($mil) US ($mil) Annual Market for USA Import Development (Value) Growth (%) Other 623 66 n/a 5% Competition Food processors consumer (Mainly food from Malaysia, and Food Service oriented supplement, China, Thailand, need more and enzyme, cereal food Netherlands, consistent supply grain, products m Singapore, of products due to ayonnaise, d South Korea , growth extrin) Ireland, Brazil, Australia, France, Denmark, India, Germany, Japan, UK, New Zealand Fresh fruit 591 65 10.9 5% except Competition from Health awareness (Mainly Apples mandarin and China, Thailand, pushes the & Grapes) mangoes 25% Australia, South demand for Africa, Egypt, quality fresh Argentina, New products Zealand. Dairy 578 62 n/a 5% except Competition from Demand for dairy Products (Mainly Non fat Yogurt & SCM New Zealand, processors, food excl cheese dry milk, - 10% Australia, and & beverage Lactose, whey, Netherlands industries, and butter milk) bakeries are increasing Processed 91 29 2.1 Mostly 5% Competition from Increased fruit & ( Mainly French China, Singapore, consumption of Vegetables fries, onion Canada, fruit juice due to powder, raisin, Malaysia, health awareness potato flakes, Germany, and tomato paste, Thailand sauce, dates, garlic powder, jam, dry fruit) Cheese 49 5 (fresh cheese, 6.9 5% Competition Demand from the grated/powder New Zealand, food processing cheese) Australia, industry, and food Philippines, and service includes France bakeries are increasing Pet foods 15 5 12.7 5% Competition from Demand exists for (Mostly dog & Thailand and niche market cat food) Australia Red meats 273 3 18.4 5% Competition from High demand of fresh, Australia, New prime beef for chilled, Zealand, and high-end frozen Canada. GOI restaurants and regulations only offal for the lower allowed certain to mid-class food US plan to export service industry beef to Indonesia Tree nuts 9.7 2.7 54,4 5% Competition Demand from (Mostly from Vietnam, fast-growing Almonds) Thailand, Cote d? bakery industry Ivory, Singapore and local products Fish & Sea 119 2.6 39.1 5% except fish Competition from High-end food (Mostly shrimp, canning - 10% China, Thailand, restaurants need crab meat, tuna, Malaysia, non-tropical cod & other Vietnam, Japan, seafood products seafood) South Korea, Taiwan and local products Snack food 42 0.5 -15.8 5% except Competition from Retail industry excl nuts (Mainly chocolate & Malaysia, China, development confectionary, other food prep and pushes sales of Singapore potato chips, snack food containing and also Import popcorn) products cocoa 15%; registration sweet biscuit, number problem waffle & wafer 10%, and sugar confectionary not containing cocoa 10% SECTIONV. KEY CONTACTS AND FURTHER INFORMATION Contact Organization Address Phone Fax Person Government of Indonesia Contacts for Food & Beverage Control BPOM (National Dra Jl. Percetakan 62-21- 62-21-425-0764 Agency for Drug Kustantinah, Negara 23, 424- and Food Apt., Jakarta Pusat, 4688; Control) M.App.Sc Indonesia 424- 4691 Ministry of Drh. Prabowo Central Office 62-21- 62-21-781-5581 Agriculture - Respatyo, of Agriculture, 781- Department of M.M., Ph.D. , C Bld, 6th 5580 Agriculture- Floor, Directorate Departemen, General of Jl. Harsono Livestock R.M. No.3, Services Jakarta 12550, Indonesia Ministry of Ir. Banun 1st Floor, 62-21 62-21-781-6481/ 6483 Agriculture ? Harpini, M.Sc. Building E, Jl. 781- Agency for Harsono RM. 6481, Agricultural No. 3, 780- Quarantine Ragunan, 5641 to Jakarta 12550 44 ext 1103 Indonesian Trade Association Contact List APRINDO Mr. Tutum Jl. M. H. 62-21- 62-21-392-8545 (Indonesian Rahanta ? Mr. Thamrin No 315- Email: aprindo@cbn.net.id Reta Benjamin il Merchants 11, Gedung 4241, A Mailool ssociation) C Sarinah, 392-hai rman Lantai 13 8545, Jakarta 10350 316- 1596 ASSIBSINDO Kafi Kurnia - Jl. Senopati 62-21- 62-21-720-0670 (Indonesian Fruit Chairman 20, Kebayoran 7280- & Vegetables Baru, 0343 E-mail: biangpenasaran@cbn.net.id Exporters & Jakarta Importers Association) ASPIDI Mr. Thomas Wisma BNI 62-21- 62-21-574-2104 (Association of Sembiring - 46, 9th Floor 574- Email: asp_1984@cbn.net.id Indonesian Meat Chairman Suite 9.05 2103 Importers) Jakarta NAMPA Ir. Haniwar Jl. 62-21- 62-8499-8279 (National Meat Syarif Pembangunan 9290- Producers II No. 27 7948 Association) Jatibening I, Pondok gede Bekasi 17412 APIKI Hendri Jl. Cipinang 62-21- 62-21-850-8587 (Indonesian Fish Sutandinata, Indah Raya 819- Cannery MBA, No. 1, Jakarta 6910 Association) Chairman 13420, Indonesia IPS (Dairy Mr. Sabana, Wisma 62-21- 62-21- 7883-6001 Processor Director & Mr. Nestle,5th . 7883- Association) Syahlan Arcadia Office 6000 Siregar Park, Jl. Letjen ext (Secretary) T.B. 1501 Simatupang Kav 88, Jakarta 12520 GAPMMI Komplek Duta 62-21- 62-21-770-7355 (Indonesian Food Mas 7032- E-mail: gapmmi@cbn.net.id; & Fatmawati Beverage 2626-27 gapmmi@yahoo.com; A Blok D1 No. ssociat gapmmi_group@yahoogroups.com ion) 30 Jl. RS Homepage: Fatmawati No. http://www.gapmmi.or.id/ 29 Jakarta Sel atan 12150 Indonesian Cold Ir. Hasanuddin Jl. 62-21- 6221-7369-1872; 587-3492 Chain Yasni, MM Pasanggrahan 5890- Association Executive Raya No. 2B 3307; E-mail: arpi@arpionline.org; (ARPI/Assoc
Posted: 26 February 2011, last updated 27 February 2011

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