Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards

An Expert's View about Agriculture and Animal Husbandry in Indonesia

Posted on: 20 May 2012

This report lists the major export certificates and other requirements expected by the Indonesian government from U.S. exporters of food and agricultural products.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 4/12/2012 GAIN Report Number: ID1153 Indonesia Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards - Certification FAIRS Export Certificate Report Approved By: Dennis Voboril Prepared By: Jonn Slette/Titi Rahayu Report Highlights: This report lists the major export certificates and other requirements expected by the Indonesian government from U.S. exporters of food and agricultural products. Sections Updated: Section III; Section IV; Section V; and Appendix I. Section I. List of All Export Certificates Required By Government (Matrix) : ATTESTATION PRODUCT TITLE OF S CERTIF ON PURPOSE REQUESTING ICATE REQUIREDS CERTIF MINISTRY ICATE Bovine genetics Certificate of Please refer to Animal Ministry of Health and Origin Section III health Agriculture Live animals Certificate of Please refer to Animal Ministry of Health and Origin Section III health Agriculture Animal by- Certificate of Please refer to Animal Ministry of products Health and Origin Section III health Agriculture Poultry, meat Sanitary Health Please refer to Food safety Ministry of and products Certificate Section III Agriculture derived from poultry and meat Milk, milk Sanitary Health Please refer to Food safety Ministry of powder, milk Certificate Section III Agriculture products & cream, poultry egg All food Health Certificate Fit/safe for Food safety National Agency products Certificate of Free human of Drug & Food Sale consumption Control (BPOM) Freely sold in the exporting country Free from BSE/FMD (if contain meat) Agriculture Phytosanitary Free from Plant safety National Agency products with Certificate pest Food safety of Drug & Food minimal Free from Control (BPOM) processing residue Plant Products Phytosanitary Please refer to Plant safety Ministry of Certificate Section III Agriculture Fresh Meat, Halal Certificate - Product Produced Product Indonesia Council Dairy Products, According to Halal Meets of Ulama Other Processed Standards Religious (MUI) Food, and Food Standards Additives Fresh Products Health Certificate - Uninfected by Fish Ministry of and Frozen quarantine fish Quarantine Marine Affairs Products of Fish diseases and pests and Fisheries and Seafood Section II. Purpose of Specific Export Certificate(s) Please refer to the Matrix under Section I. Section III. Specific Attestations Required on Export Certificate(s) Details of required export certificate attestation for the following products can been seen at the GAIN Report ID1046: Bovine genetics (frozen embryos; frozen semen), Live animals (horses; day old chick; breeding pigs; breeding cattle/buffalo/goat/sheep, and wild animal (bovidae family)) Animal products (pet food; bone meal/meat meal/meat and bone meal/horn, hoof, blood meal, blood products of bovine, ovine, or caprine origin, poultry by product meal/feather meal of avian origin; poultry by product meal/feather meal of avian origin; wool, hair, bristles; duck down/duck feather/goose feather intended for industrial use; raw hide, skin of animal origin (bovine, ovine, caprine, swine, horse, rabbit, reptile, wild animal, fish); poultry hatching eggs; bovine bone derived gelatin, bovine hide derived gelatin) Meat and meat products (beef, beef offal and beef products; poultry meat; poultry products; milk, milk powder, milk products and cream), In addition to meat and meat products, currently the Government of Indonesia (Minister of Trade regulation No. 24/2011) requires the sixteen digits of import license numeral and the issuance date of import license to be written in the health certificate. Please see the GAIN Report ID1142 for more information on importing meat and meat products. Please also see Appendix I for samples covering the requirements for the following products: Sample Certificate of Poultry Meal and Feather Meal of Avian Origin Sample Certificate of Origin for Dairy Products Sample Certificate of Quality of Poultry by Product Meal Sample AMS Sanitary Certificate for Dairy Products Sample APHIS Certificate for Dairy Products Sample Phytosanitary Certificate for Fresh Fruit and Vegetables Sample Plant Phytosanitary Certificate Sample Phytosanitary Certificate for Re-exported Products Sample Halal Export Certificate Sample Prior Notice Sample Declaration of Conformity and Table of Product List Sample State Apostle Sample Letter of Authorization Sample Meat and Poultry Export Certificate of Wholesomeness Fresh Fruit and Vegetables The Plant Quarantine Service from the country of origin and transit country must issue Phytosanitary Certificates. The Additional Declaration of the Phytosanitary Certificate for grapes must state that the imported fruit have been produced within a pest free area (To date only the state of California has been declared by the Government of Indonesia to be an area free from Ceratitis capitata). Fresh fruit and vegetables other than California grapes shall be treated prior to shipment or cold treatment during-in transit, whenever the commodities are originating from the production area where the regulated quarantine fruit flies are known to have occurred. The approved treatment shall be explained in the Phytosanitary Certificate under the Treatment Information. Therefore, the additional declaration of Phytosanitary Certificate, should state as follows: “The cold treatment is conducted during in-transit and monitored by time and temperature recorder(s) in order to meet the requirement of the Indonesian Agricultural Quarantine Agency” Fruit and vegetables must be packed in carton boxes and transported as a containerized cargo. Recently the Government of Indonesia issued the new regulation on fresh food of plant origin (FFPO) imports (The Minister of Agriculture regulation No. 88/2011) which requires FFPO Safety Certificate and Prior Notice from the country of origin. An FFPO safety certificate is a written assurance given by competent authority on food safety of country of origin stating that the commodity is safe and fit for consumption. The Government of Indonesia has extended the recognition of U.S. food safety system of FFPO that has been made in November 2009 pending on-site re-verification for 38 commodities, namely: apricot, blackcurrant, redcurrant, blackberry, boysenberry, raisins, cherry, cranberry, dewberry, kiwi fruit, peach, persimmon, pear, plum, prunes, apple, grape, citrus fruit, oranges, potato, cabbage, cucumber, red chili pepper, sweet pepper, radish, carrot, shallots, garlic, onion, barley, wheat, oats, rice, maize, rye, sorghum, and peanut. Therefore, the Indonesian government doesn’t need an FFPO safety certificate for these 38 commodities. However, for types of FFPO that listed in the Appendix 1 of the regulation No. 88/2011, apart from these 38 commodities, such as: soybean and dates still require the FFPO safety certificate. [COMMENT: Currently FAS Jakarta is in process of applying re-country recognition for these 100 commodities as listed in Appendix 1] Section IV. Government Certificate’s Legal Entry Requirements 1. Health certificates of animal origin: must accompany the commodities at the time of entry. If the commodities are transported by vessel, the certificate should be sent earlier to the quarantine officer at the port of entry. must be issued by a veterinarian authorized by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and endorsed by an APHIS/Veterinary Services (VS) veterinarian. are valid no more than two months. can be applied to only one shipment. issues by a U.S. state will be accepted by the Indonesian government (GOI), however GOI requires that a standard certificate form be used, including institution logo/symbol, health certificate number, consistency on whether handwritten or typed, and consistent size and weight paper. If possible, GOI would like to have the certificate electronically to make it easier for checking certificate validity and releasing the commodity faster. will accept export declarations by suppliers or manufacturers as proof of compliance. 2. Phytosanitary certificates should be in accordance with recommendations of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC). Additionally, fumigation certificates are required for products that are considered as a vector of disease, such as soybeans and corn. “ 3. “Free sale” and “Fit for Human Consumption” documents for accompanying processed food products must be issued and endorsed by the health department of the country of origin. Letters issued by Chambers of Commerce or notary public will not be accepted. However, based on the agreement between FAS Jakarta and the National Agency of Drug and Food Control (BPOM), BPOM accepts a “Declaration of Conformity” from U.S. distributor as satisfying the requirement for a Health Certificate or Certificate of Free Sale. To ensure the authenticity of the document, any distributor that issued Declaration of Conformity shall be notarized, and a state apostle shall be used to verify the legal standing of the notary. It also shall state that all products are fit for human consumption, and are manufactured and available in the United States. Samples of Declaration of Conformity and State Apostle are in Attachment I. A validity period of “Declaration of Conformity” is in accordance with as specified in the State Apostle. If the State Apostle doesn’t mention an appointment period of the notary, then a validity period is one year from the date of issuance. Pet 4. Pet Food products must be accompanied by a document that says the products certified herein are officially authorized for sale and use as pet foods in the United States. 5. Meat and Meat products a. The imported meat should be shipped directly from the country of origin to the port of entry in Indonesia unless prior approval is obtained from the Ministry of Agriculture. b. The packing of meat shall be originally sealed with all marks including the veterinary control number, date of slaughter, and type of meat still readable. c. The container for transporting meat from the country of origin shall be sealed by the authorized veterinarian and can only be opened by the Authorized Animal Quarantine Officer in the port of entry. d. During transportation, the temperature in the container shall be kept stable (between –18o to –22o C). 6. Fresh Fruit and Vegetables Phytosanitary Certificates must be issued by the Plant Quarantine Service from the country of origin and in-transit country. 7. The GOI would accept phytosanitary certificates for processed plant products. However, if the authority institution in the exporter country was not possible to issue the certificate, the GOI would accept the export certificate for processed plant products with explanation on the treatment of the products in the certificate. Section V. Other Certification/Accreditation Requirements 1. Any entry of animals, materials of animal origin, or products made of materials of animal origin are subject to the following conditions: a. Importers must obtain an import permit from the Ministry of Trade. b. The permit for import of live animal, animal products, and processed animal products that possess risk of zoonosis spread will be released after obtaining Import Approval Recommendation (RPP) from the Ministry of Agriculture. The Minister of Agriculture delegates authority on the issuance of RPP to the Directorate General of Livestock and Animal Health Services. The issuance of RPP for live cattle, beef, and edible offal is conducted in 2 periods during the course of a year. c. The permit for import of processed animal products will be released after obtaining recommendation from Head of the National Agency of Drug and Food Control. d. Must be accompanied by a Certificate of Origin stating that the animals, materials of animal origin, products of made of materials of animal origin came from an area known to be free from quarantine disease in Category I and acknowledged by a GOI authorized official if originating from abroad. e. Importation must be made through designated points of entry. 2. Certificate of Origin Country can be issued by Chambers of Commerce or notary public. 3. Materials of animal origin or products made of materials of animal origin, which include dairy products, intended for human consumption must also be accompanied by a Halal certificate from an accredited Islamic Council (except pork). 4. Prior to seed importing, importers must request an import permit from the Ministry of Agriculture (DG of Ornaments Plant, DG of Food Crops, or DG of Estate Crops) through the National Seed Agency. The permit is valid for 6 months. 5. Letter of Appointment from the company of origin for processed food products imports. However, according to the agreement with FAS, BPOM accepts “Letter of Appointment” directly from the distributor. However, all distributors that issued letters of appointment shall be properly notarized and accompanied by a document which verifies that the company is a legal entity in the United States (e.g. a certificate origin from the Chamber of Commerce). A sample of Letter of Authorization can be found in Attachment I. 6. Other certificates needed for certain processed food products are as follows: a. Composition analysis certificate from producers (must be original, valid for 6 months). b. Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) content certificate which stated “IT MAY CONTAIN GMO” from products derived from soybeans, corn, tomatoes, and potatoes. c. Aflatoxin analysis result for peanut products d. Halal certificate from the Indonesian Council of Ulama for products that attached halal logo in their label. e. Indonesian National Standard (SNI) certificate and KBrO3 Free certificate for wheat flour. f. The result of residue analysis 3 Monochloro Propandiol (MCPD) from accredited government laboratories for isolated soy protein, soy sauce, and hydrolyzed vegetable protein. g. Original document listing production date and expiration date, as well as batch number/lot number//production code. h. Products with short shelf life, such as: milk and milk products, and other high risk foods, should have at least 2/3 of shelf life remaining at time of export. i. The SNI certificate for bottled water and salt. 7. Prior Notice is a statement letter in the form stating about identity of FFPO that must be filled out by FFPO producer or exporter in the country of origin. The Indonesian plant quarantine officer should receive a Prior Notice no later upon arrival of FFPO. The sample of Prior Notice can be seen at Appendix I. More information regarding Prior Notice can be found at GAIN Report ID1206. 8. According to the new GOI regulation on horticulture products imports (the Minister of Agriculture regulation No. 3/2012), other than Sanitary and Phytho sanitary certificate, the Ministry of Agriculture also requires the following documents for obtaining the Horticulture Product Import Recommendation as their technical requirements: statement of producer registration; packing house registration; implementation of Good Agricultural Practices and/or food safety; pesticide screening certificate; harvest time; and storage period in a storage house. Fresh horticultural products and processed products derived from horticultural products that included in this regulation can be seen at this list. More information regarding this regulation can be seen at GAIN Report ID1203. [COMMENT: The United States Government currently is questioning the regulation for not notifying to the WTO). Appendix I. Electronic Copy or Outline of Each Export Certificate Sample Health Certificate for Poultry By-product and Feather Meal of Avian Origin Sample Certificate of Origin for Dairy Products (The certificate may vary for different products and by State Chamber of Commerce) Sample Certificate of Quality for Poultry by Product Meal (This certificate may vary for different commodities and products) Sample AMS Sanitary Certificate for Dairy Products Sample APHIS Certificate for Dairy Products Sample Phytosanitary Certificate for Fresh Fruit and Vegetables Sample Plant Phytosanitary Certificate Sample Phytosanitary Certificate for Re-exported Products Sample Halal Certificate Sample Prior Notice Sample Declaration of Conformity and Table of Product List Sample State Apostle Sample Letter of Authorization Sample Meat and Poultry Export Certificate of Wholesomeness APPENDIX II. Responsible Authorities for Certificates: Health Certificate of Origin: Directorate of Animal Health Director General for Livestock Services (DGLS) Ministry of Agriculture Building C, 9th Fl. Jl. Harsono RM No. 3 Ragunan Jakarta 12550 Ph/Fax: +6221-781-5783 Health Certificate for Food Products: Sub-Directorate of Certification for Food Products Directorate of Inspection and Certification for Food Products Deputy III for Dangerous Materials and Food Safety Control National Agency of Drug and Food Control (BPOM) Building F, 2nd Fl. Jl. Percetakan Negara No. 23 Jakarta 10560 Ph/Fax: +6221-424-1781 Fax : +6221-425-3857 Email: insertipangan@pom.go.id Phytosanitary Certificate: Agency for Agricultural Quarantine Ministry of Agriculture Building E, 5th Fl. Jalan Harsono RM No. 3 Ragunan Jakarta 12550 Ph/Fax: +6221-782-1367 Sanitary Certificate (Meat Products): Directorate of Veterinary Public Health Directorate General for Livestock Services (DGLS) Ministry of Agriculture Building C, 8th Fl. Jl. Harsono RM No. 3 Ragunan Jakarta 12550 Ph: +6221-781-5780 Fax: +6221-782-7466 Halal Certificate: Indonesian Council of Ulama (MUI) Jl. Proklamasi No. 51 Menteng Jakarta Ph: +6221-391-8917Fax: +6221-3922-4667 Email: - sekretariatlppom@halalmui.org Or Kampus IPB Barangsiang Jl. Raya Pajajaran Bogor 16144 Ph: +62251-835-8748 Fax: +62251-835-8747 Email: sekretariatlppom@halalmui.org Author Defined: This report was prepared by the USDA/Foreign Agricultural Service in Jakarta, Indonesia for U.S. exporters of domestic food and agricultural products. While every possible care was taken in the preparation of this report, information provided may not be completely accurate because policies have changed since its preparation, or clear and consistent information about these policies was not available. It is highly recommended that U.S. exporters verify the full set of import requirements with their Indonesian customers (importer), who are normally best equipped to research such matters with local authorities, before any goods are shipped. Final import approval of any product is subject to the importing country's rules and regulations as interpreted by border officials at the time of product entry.
Posted: 20 May 2012

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