Oil & gas sector in Indonesia

An Expert's View about Extraction of Crude Petroleum in Indonesia

Posted on: 27 Sep 2010

Indonesia's energy market is huge and growing rapidly. There have been several significant recent discoveries of old fields and deepwater sites and many potential areas still remain unexplored.

Oil and Gas ? Indonesia Sector Report OIL AND GAS INDONESIA Produced by: Diah Noor, Trade & Investment Manager, Jakarta Last revised November 2009 Whereas every effort has been made to ensure that the information given in this document is accurate, neither UK Trade & Investment nor its parent Departments (the Department for Business, Innovation & Skills, and the Foreign & Commonwealth Office), accept liability for any errors, omissions or misleading statements, and no warranty is given or responsibility accepted as to the standing of any individual, firm, company or other organisation mentioned. Published November 2009 by UK Trade & Investment. © Crown Copyright www.uktradeinvest.gov.uk Oil and Gas ? Indonesia Table of Contents OVERVIEW 3 OPPORTUNITIES 3 CHARACTERISTICS OF MARKET 4 KEY METHODS OF DOING BUSINESS 6 MORE DETAILED SECTOR REPORTS 7 PUBLICATIONS 7 CONTACT LISTS 7 www.uktradeinvest.gov.uk Page 2 of 11 Oil and Gas ? Indonesia OVERVIEW The oil and gas industry has long been and remains a very important factor for the Indonesian economy, contributing 5% to the GDP (2008), 32% of budget revenues (Tax & Non-Tax), US$12 billion of annual expenditure in exploration, development & production and millions in direct & indirect employment. The country is well endowed with energy resources with available oil reserves amounting to 8.3 billion barrels and 150 TCF of proven natural gas reserves (or 3% of world gas reserves). Oil and gas dominate energy consumption in Indonesia accounting for 80 percent of the nation?s total energy consumption. There has been a downward trend in domestic oil production over the last eight years due to maturing of major existing oil fields combined with a slower reserve replacement rate. Meanwhile, the consumption of oil and oil products has been steadily increasing. The Government hopes exploration activities will escalate and oil production will increase to one million bpd in the coming years, given the new fiscal incentives introduced in January 2008. These include eliminating tariffs for importing equipment used in oil, gas and geothermal production, such as drilling platforms, offshore production and undersea exploration facilities. OPPORTUNITIES Upstream Indonesia's energy market is huge and growing rapidly. There have been several significant recent discoveries of old fields and deepwater sites and many potential areas still remain unexplored. Currently, there are 197 working areas ? 113 are in exploration, 51 are in production and 13 are in the Plan of Development (POD) phase. The upstream sector offers a great deal of potential for independent operators to develop new working areas. Other opportunities exist in the exploitation of ageing wells and the enhancement of production in marginal fields through the use of advanced technology with more attractive terms and conditions. There are currently 52 marginal fields with an estimated output of between 5,000 and 10,000 bpd and 21 ageing fields that have not been fully utilised. With increasing world oil prices, high-risk frontier oil fields, which are not in operation, are becoming more attractive. A small number of contractors have carried out deep-sea exploration. As this needs a higher level of technology and a larger capital investment, the Government has provided some attractive incentives. Considerable interest is also being shown in the exploitation of Coal Bed Methane (CBM) from onshore oil fields. Indonesia reportedly has the world?s second largest CBM deposits after China, with a total potential reserve of 453 TCF, which is spread-out into 11 CBM basins. Two areas that hold the biggest deposits of CBM are South Sumatra (183 TCF) and Barito, South Kalimantan (101.6 TCF). Provided certain incentives are in place for CBM operators, they will be given a 45% share of production, while the government will take the remaining 55%. The Government is confident it could rake in up to US$2.5 billion in investment to develop 90 CBM wells. So far, 10 CBM contracts were signed with investment commitments reaching around US$53.7 million for the first three years. Various oil and gas exploration projects are underway in Indonesia. Following considerable delays, the Cepu oil and gas field (located at the border of East and Central Java) and operated www.uktradeinvest.gov.uk Page 3 of 11 Oil and Gas ? Indonesia by ExxonMobil and Pertamina began its first production of 10,000 bpd of oil in late 2008. This followed an agreement between its operators and the government to fast-track the development of the block. Construction of BP's Tangguh LNG plant (Indonesia's third) in Papua was completed with the first commercial shipment in early July 2009. A contract to build the country's fourth (but much smaller) LNG plant Senoro in Central Sulawesi was awarded in November 2006 to Mitsubishi. They will invest up to US$800 million in this plant, which will have a production capacity of up to 2MT, per annum. Gas supplies will come from the Donggi, Matindok and Senoro offshore fields, with combined estimated reserves of 2.6 TCF. The plant is expected to come on stream in 2013. Indonesia?s first deep-water subsea mega-project consisting of development of five gas fields (Gendalo, Maha, Gandang, Gehem and Bangka) is planned to be carried out over the next five years. This will be the deepest gas exploration project in Indonesia, with the water depth ranging from 2,500 to 6,000 feet. At least one floating LNG (Abadi) is expected to come out as a major EPC project in the next two years. Pertamina plans to invest US$2 billion to boost upstream operations, including the development of existing oil fields, acquisition of oil fields from other operators, development of natural gas and the development of geothermal energy. The company will seek outside partners to develop its upstream businesses, joint acquisition, joint management and joint bidding on new areas, including overseas oil and gas fields. The increasing of oil and gas industy activities bring further opportunities in supporting business (products, manpower and services). Demand for the import of operational goods is still high and this provides investment opportunities especially for casing fabrications, tubing and accessories, marine and offshore installations, drilling machinery, mud equipment and accessories, compressors and vacum pumps, and tubular goods. Downstream Marketing Since the Government revoked Pertamina?s monopoly over non-subsidised gasoline sales and opened-up the country?s downstream oil and gas business in 2005, the sector has attracted international players. Shell was the first foreign oil giant to enter Indonesia?s retail gasoline market followed by Petronas and Total. The prospects are encouraging; So far Shell and Petronas had already built 32 and 5 fuel stations respectively. However, it is likely that Pertamina will remain a dominant player for several years because of its infrastructure and market presence. Pertamina plans to build 45 new fuel stations this year, which will be open for investor participation. The Government has now opened-up the entire retail market to other business players under a public service obligation (PSO) scheme in 2008. The offer has attracted investors and a number of companies have indicated interest, these include BP and Chevron, but they have yet to realise their plans. Processing Currently, Indonesia has six refineries (Balongan, Balikpapan, Cilacap, Sungai Pakning/Dumai, Plaju, and Kasim) operated by Pertamina and one research refinery (Cepu) operated under Pusdiklat MIGAS, an oil and gas research institution, with a total combined capacity of 1.031 million-bpd. These refineries produce both subsidised and non-subsidised fuels. www.uktradeinvest.gov.uk Page 4 of 11 Oil and Gas ? Indonesia Regular shortages of fuel, increasing consumption and the drive for self-sufficiency have forced the Government to prioritise the construction of new refineries with a processing capacity of 400,000-500,000 bpd over the next five years. They are also considering offering tax holidays or tax exemptions for firms willing to take part. Five private firms have obtained licenses for the construction of new refineries, which will be built over the next 4 years in East Java, South Sumatra, Lombok and South Sulawesi. As part of Pertamina?s strategy to boost oil production, it announced in August 2006 that it planned to spend US$10 billion to boost Indonesia?s downstream sector over the next five years. The company will upgrade the capacity of its existing refineries (Plaju, Cilacap, Balikpapan and Balongan) and plan to build two new refineries in Bojonegara (Banten) and in Tuban (East Java). Other opportunities in the downstream sector exist in the aviation industry to supply jet fuel for major airports, building up LNG receiving terminals, LPG storage plants, importation and bunkering of fuel, and development of pipe distribution. CHARACTERISTICS OF MARKET Oil Indonesia?s oil reserves, both proven and estimated reserves, have hardly changed since 2000. In fact, production continues to decline. In 2005, it reached 1.066 million-bpd, including condensate, and dropped again to about 1.009 million-bpd in 2006, making Indonesia a slight net importer of oil for the year. Much of Indonesia?s proven oil reserve base is located onshore. Riau has been the country?s largest oil producing province with proven reserves of 4,692 MMSTB from the two largest mature fields, Minas and Duri, which are operated by Chevron Pacific Indonesia. Other producing provinces include West and East Java, South Sumatra, East Kalimantan, and Papua. Several international oil companies dominate the country?s oil sector. Chevron is one of the biggest contributors, producing 415,000 bpd of crude oil (Dec 07), representing 45% of Indonesia?s total production followed by ConocoPhillips, ExxonMobil, Total, BP, Petrochina, CNOOC and Inpex. Nine co-operation contracts were signed in March 2007 for the operation of new oil and gas blocks worth US$411.07 million, which involve major operators such as Premier Oil, Talisman, Total Indonesie, ExxonMobil, and Pertamina. Natural Gas Indonesia?s natural gas reserves have risen by around 20% over the last five years to some 187.1 TCF. However, the government recently acknowledged that the country?s natural gas production failed to meet its target of 8.423 MMSCFD due to technical and distribution problems. Pertamina, Total, ExxonMobil, Vico, ConocoPhillips, BP and Chevron dominate Indonesia?s natural gas industry. State-owned utility PT Perusahaan Gas Negara (PGN) carries out natural gas transmission and distribution activities. According to PGN data, the biggest natural gas reserves were found in the Natuna field, which holds 54.2 TCF, with smaller fields in East Kalimantan, Papua, Aceh, North Sumatra, Jambi, South Sumatra, West Java and Sulawesi. www.uktradeinvest.gov.uk Page 5 of 11 Oil and Gas ? Indonesia Historically, Indonesia?s natural gas production has been geared toward export earnings, but the government has been forced to shift towards domestic use in recent years to substitute for the country?s declining oil output and keep local industries functioning. However, in November 2007, Premier Oil agreed a contract whereby 70% of gas produced by its project will be supplied to ExxonMobil in Singapore with 30% retained for domestic consumption. This indicates government flexibility in addressing gas sales. A total of 15 other gas purchase contracts and Memoranda of Understanding worth US$8.4 billion involving major international and national gas producers were signed during 2007. The contracts were to meet demand by power plants, manufacturing industries and fertiliser plants with a total volume of 2280.8 trillion BTU. Indonesia?s limited natural gas transmission and distribution network remains an obstacle to developing further domestic consumption. Oil and Gas Law Indonesia?s Oil and Gas Law 22/2001, which removed Pertamina?s monopoly position in both upstream and downstream sectors has been in force since 2001. In the upstream sector, Pertamina?s role in granting licences, and managing contracts was transferred to a new implementing agency, Badan Pelaksanaan Minyak dan Gas, BP Migas. In the downstream sector, a regulatory agency, Badan Pengatur Minyak dan Gas, BPH Migas was formed to handle Pertamina?s regulatory responsibilities for trading, distribution and retailing. Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) Indonesia is currently considering endorsing EITI, which promotes the voluntary reporting oil, gas and mineral revenues paid by firms, and collected by government, in resource-dependent countries. EITI enhances the investment climate in nations that implement it and ensures that more public funds are available to promote development. To know more about EITI please access www.eitransparency.org KEY METHODS OF DOING BUSINESS Oil and gas upstream business is open for business entities (Indonesian legal entities) and/or permanent establishments (foreign legal entities), conducted through Joint Operation Contracts by Production Sharing Contracts (PSC) or other forms of contracts that are more beneficial to the government of Indonesia (e.g. cost and fee). Contract signing is conducted between business entities and/or permanent establishments (BU/BUT) and BPMigas representing the government. The Department of Energy and Mineral Resources has the authority to conduct exploration and exploitation activities through the offers of operational areas to BU/BUT. Oil and gas downstream business is conducted by business entities legally registered in Indonesia that have obtained a business permit from the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (Government Regulation no.36/2004 for Oil and Gas Downstream business activities). Types of business licenses required for oil and natural gas activities: Business Licence for processing, transportation, storage and trading. To obtain a business permit for downstream oil and gas activities, any business should submit an application to the Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources cq. Director General of Oil and Gas and attach technical and administrative requirements. Other background information on doing business in Indonesia can be found on UKTI?s website. Simply go to the country page where you will find information on: www.uktradeinvest.gov.uk Page 6 of 11 Oil and Gas ? Indonesia ? Economic background and Geography ? Customs & Regulations ? Selling & Communications ? Contacts & Setting up ? Visiting and Social hints and tips MORE DETAILED SECTOR REPORTS Research is critical when considering new markets. UKTI provides market research services, which can help UK companies doing business overseas including: ? Overseas Market Introduction Service (OMIS). Bespoke research into potential markets, and support during your visits overseas ? Export Marketing Research Scheme. In depth and subsidised service administered by the British chambers of Commerce on behalf of UKTI Contact your local International Trade Advisor if you are interested in accessing these services, or for general advice in developing your export strategy. When considering doing business in Indonesia, it is essential to obtain legal, financial and taxation advice. For further details, please contact: Diah Ayu Noor Trade & Investment Manager British Embassy Jakarta Jl MH Thamrin No.75 Jakarta 10310 Tel: +6221 2356 5200 Fax: +6221 2356 5352 Email: diah.noor@fco.gov.uk Websites: www.ukti.gov.uk and www.ukinindonesia.fco.gov.uk PUBLICATIONS Market Intelligence Report on Petroleum Industry in Indonesia PT Data Consult Business Survey and Report Petrominer Monthly Magazine CONTACT LISTS Government Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources Jl Medan Merdeka Selatan No.18 Jakarta 10110 Tel: +62 21 3813232 - 33 Fax: +62 21 3846596 Website: www.esdm.go.id Contact: Dr. Darwin Zahidi Saleh, Minister www.uktradeinvest.gov.uk Page 7 of 11 Oil and Gas ? Indonesia Directorate General of Oil & Gas th Gedung Plaza Centris 16 Floor Jl H R Rasuna Said Kav B-5 Jakarta 12910 Tel: +62 21 5269011 Fax: +62 21 5269012 Website: www.migas@esdm.go.id Contact: Dr. Ing. Evita Legowo, Director General BP Migas (Upstream Implementing Agency) st Patra Jasa Building, 21 Floor Jl Jenderal Gatot Subroto Kav 32-34 Jakarta 12950 Tel: +62 21 52900245 -48 ext 6500 Fax: +62 21 52900117 Website: www.bpmigas.com Contact: Ir. R. Priyono, Chairman BPH Migas (Oil & Gas Downstream Regulatory Agency) BPH Migas Building Jl Kapten Tendean No.28 Jakarta 12710 Tel: +62 21 5212400, 5255500 Fax: +62 21 5255656 Website: www.bphmigas.go.id Contact: Tubagus Haryono, Chairman National Oil and Gas Companies PT Pertamina Persero Jl Medan Merdeka Timur 1A Jakarta 10110 Tel: +62 21 3815111 Fax: +62 21 3843882 Website: www.pertamina.com Contact: Karen Agustiawan, President Director PT Perusahaan Gas Negara (PGN) Jl K H Zainul Arifin No.20 Jakarta Tel: +62 21 633 4838, Fax: +62 21 633 3080 Website: www.pgn.co.id Contact: Hendi Prio Santoso, President Director Association Indonesian Petroleum Association (IPA) th Bursa Efek Jakarta, Tower 2, 20 Floor Jl Jend Sudirma Kav.52-53 Jakarta 12190 Tel : +62 21 5155959 Fax : +62 21 51402545 Ron Aston, Chairman www.uktradeinvest.gov.uk Page 8 of 11 Oil and Gas ? Indonesia Email: ipa@cbn.net.id Major Operators BP Indonesia th Perkantoran Hijau Arkadia Tower E, 8 Floor Jl TB Simatupang Kav 88 Jakarta 12520 Tel : +62 21 78549055 Fax : +62 21 78549081 Website: www.bp.com Conoco Phillips Indonesia Jl T.B Simatupang Kav 1B Jakarta 12560 Tel : +62 21 7854 1000, 7854 2347 Fax : +62 21 7854 1898 Website: www.conocophillips.com CNOOC Jakarta Stock Exchange Building th nd Tower I, 18 - 22 Floor Jl Jenderal Sudirman Kav 52 Jakarta 12190 Tel : +62 21 5151001 Fax : +62 21 5151051 Website: www.cnooc.com Exxon Mobil Oil Indonesia th th Wisma GKBi, 27 - 30 Floor Jl Jenderal Sudirman No.28 Jakarta 10210 Tel : +62 21 5740707 Fax : +62 21 5740606 Website: www.exxonmobil.com Hess (Indonesia-Pangkah) Ltd th th Energy Building 11 - 12 Floor SCBD Lot 11A Jl Jend Sudirman Kav 52-53 Jakarta 12190 Tel : +62 21 29951000 Fax : +62 21 29951001 Website: www.hess.com Inpex Corporation th Midplaza I, 7 Floor Jl Jend Sudirman Kav 10-11 Jakarta 10220 Tel : +62 21 5700557 Fax : +62 21 5700575 Website: www.inpex.co.jp Medco E & P Indonesia, PT th th Bidakara Office Building, 12 - 18 Floor www.uktradeinvest.gov.uk Page 9 of 11 Oil and Gas ? Indonesia Jl Jend Gatot Subroto Kav 71-73 Jakarta 12870 Tel : +62 21 83991010 Fax : +62 21 83991011 Website: www.medcoenergi.com PetroChina International th Menara Kuningan, 17-26 Floor JL H.R.Rasuna Said Kav X-7 Kav.5 Jakarta 12940 Tel : +62 21 57945300 ext. 2105 Fax : +62 21 57945265 Website: www.petrochina.co.id Premier Oil th Jakarta Stock Exchange Tower 1, 10 Floor Jl Jend Sudirman Kav 52-53 Jakarta 12190 Tel : +62 21 5151800 Fax : +62 21 5151900 Website: www.premier-oil.com Salamander Energy Ltd th Jakarta Stock Exchange Building Tower II, 14 Floor JL Jend Sudirman Kav 52-53 Jakarat 12190 Tel : +62 21 51400193 Fax : +62 21 30004020 Website: www.salamander-energy.com Talisman Asia Ltd th Jakarta Stock Exchange Building Tower I, 11 Floor Jl Jend Sudirman Kav 52-53 Jakarta12550 Tel : +62 21 5151601 Fax : +62 21 5151602 Website: www.talisman-energy.com Total E&P Indonesia Plaza Kuningan th Menara Utara 8 Floor Jl H.R Rasuna Said Kav C.11-14 Jakarta 12940 Tel : +62 21 5231999 Fax : +62 21 5231866 Website: www.total.com UKTI?s International Trade Advisers can provide you with essential and impartial advice on all aspects of international trade. Every UK region also has dedicated sector specialists who can provide advice tailored to your industry. You can trace your nearest advisor by entering your postcode into the Local Office Database on the homepage of our website. For new and inexperienced exporters, our Passport to Export process will take you through the mechanics of exporting. An International Trade Adviser will provide professional advice on a range of services, including financial subsidies, export documentation, contacts in overseas www.uktradeinvest.gov.uk Page 10 of 11 Oil and Gas ? Indonesia markets, overseas visits, translating marketing material, e-commerce, subsidised export training and market research. www.uktradeinvest.gov.uk Page 11 of 11
Posted: 27 September 2010