Citrus Annual 2012

An Expert's View about Citrus Fruits in Italy

Posted on: 10 Jan 2013

Forecast for Italian orange production 2012/2013

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary Public - Date: 12/3/2012 GAIN Report Number: IT1235 Italy Post: Rome Citrus Annual 2012 Report Categories: Citrus Approved By: Christine Sloop Prepared By: Ornella Bettini Report Highlights: MY 2012/13 (November/October) Italian orange production is forecast to decrease by 23 percent due to bad weather conditions in early spring. Italian tangerine and lemon planted areas have been decreasing progressively: higher input costs and lower prices have negatively affected crop profitability. Oranges Table 1: Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2010 2011 2012 Estimates Estimates Forecast Oranges 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 102,053 101,498 99,836 Area Harvested 100,252 99,569 98,029 Production 1,950,000 2,020,000 1,550,000 Imports 142,327 180,000 180,500 Total Supply 2,092,327 2,200,000 1,730,000 Exports 138,246 113,500 113,000 Fresh Dom. Consumption 1,654,081 1,796,500 1,392,000 For Processing 300,000 290,000 225,000 Total Distribution 2,092,327 2,200,000 1,730,000 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Italian industry; GTA PRODUCTION MY 2012/13 (November/October) Italian orange production is forecast to decrease by 23 percent due to bad weather conditions in early spring. Fruit size is good, but probably early varieties will be on delay in ripening, while late ones will be ready in advance. Quality is good. Sicily and Calabria are the main orange-producing areas, accounting for 59 and 22 percent respectively. “Tarocco” (“T.Comune”, “T.Galici”, “T.Gallo”, “T.Scirè”, “T.Nucellare”), “Moro” (“M.Comune” or “M.Nucellare”), “Sanguinello” (“S. Moscato Cuscunà” and “S. Moscato Nucellare”), “Sanguigno”, “Ovale” or “Calabrese”, “Biondo Commune”, “Navelina”, and “Washington Navel” are the chief varieties grown in Italy. CONSUMPTION MY 2012/13 Italian orange consumption is forecast to decrease by 22 percent. Most oranges are consumed fresh. “Blood” varieties (“Tarocco,” “Moro,” and “Sanguinello”) are used mainly for fresh consumption. Late varieties (“Ovale” and “Valencia”) are destined to both fresh market and processing industry. TRADE Germany, Switzerland, and Austria are the main destinations for Italian oranges. Spain and South Africa represent the major suppliers to the Italian market. Orange Juice Table 2: Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2010 2011 2012 Orange Juice Estimates 2010/2011 Estimates 2011/2012 Forecast 2012/2013 Post Data Post Data Post Data Deliv.To Processors 300,000 290,000 225,000 Production 22,000 20,300 15,750 Imports 16,593 16,000 16,500 Total Supply 38,593 36,300 32,250 Exports 36,812 35,754 31,400 Dom. Consumption 1,781 546 850 Total Distribution 38,593 36,300 32,250 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Italian industry; GTA According to latest estimates, Italy is forecast to process about 225,000 MT of oranges in MY 2012/13 to produce 15,750 MT of concentrate. The total volume of oranges channeled to processing depends on crop quality and quantity of oranges destined to the fresh market, both domestic and foreign. Tangerines Table 3: Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2010 2011 2012 Estimates 2010/2011 Estimates 2011/2012 Forecast 2012/2013 Tangerines Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 38,529 38,338 39,338 Area Harvested 37,305 37,102 38,067 Production 758,000 817,000 790,000 Imports 79,538 98,000 98,500 Total Supply 837,538 915,000 888,500 Exports 105,129 116,200 116,500 Fresh Dom. Consumption 683,409 752,800 732,000 For Processing 49,000 46,000 40,000 Total Distribution 837,538 915,000 888,500 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Italian industry; GTA PRODUCTION MY 2012/13 Italian tangerine production (83 percent seedless Clementines and 17 percent mandarins) is forecast to be 3 percent down from previous year. Italian tangerine planted area has been decreasing over the last few years: higher input costs and lower prices have negatively affected crop profitability. Calabria, Sicily, and Apulia are the main tangerine-producing areas, accounting for 50, 23, and 14 percent respectively. “Avana” and “Tardivo di Ciaculli” are the major mandarin varieties grown in Italy. “Comune” or “Oroval,” and “Monreal” are the main Clementine varieties. CONSUMPTION MY 2012/13 Italian tangerine consumption is forecast to remain flat. Italians consume large quantities of Clementines and mandarins during winter holidays when the bulk of production hits the market. Most tangerines are consumed fresh. TRADE Poland, Slovenia, Hungary, and Germany are the leading destinations for Italian tangerines. Spain is the major supplier to the Italian tangerine market. Lemons Table 4: Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2010 2011 2012 L Estimates 2010/2011 Estimates 2011/2012 Forecast 2012/2013 emons Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 30,080 28,628 26,550 Area Harvested 25,832 24,348 23,365 Production 488,000 460,000 440,000 Imports 101,971 105,000 107,000 Total Supply 589,971 565,000 547,000 Exports 42,886 40,000 40,200 Fresh Dom. Consumption 437,085 440,000 426,800 For Processing 110,000 85,000 80,000 Total Distribution 589,971 565,000 547,000 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Italian industry; GTA PRODUCTION MY 2012/13 (November/October) Italian lemon production is forecast to decrease slightly by 4.3 percent. Quality is forecast to be good. Sicily produces more than 86 percent of Italy’s lemons. Lemon-producing area is progressively decreasing: higher input costs and lower prices have negatively affected crop profitability. “Femminello Commune” (“F. Zagara Bianca”, “F.Siracusano”, “F. S.Teresa”), “Monachello,”and “Interdonato” are the main lemon varieties grown in Italy. Farmers are forecast to deliver 80,000 MT of lemons to the processing industry. CONSUMPTION MY 2012/13 Italian lemon consumption is forecast to be 3 percent down from previous year. Italian lemon production is mostly destined for the fresh market. TRADE Italian lemons are sold mainly to Germany. Spain and Argentina are the major suppliers to the Italian lemon market. Grapefruits Table 5: Production, Supply and Demand (MT) 2010 2011 2012 Grapefruits Estimates 2010/2011 Estimates 2011/2012 Forecast 2012/2013 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 303 303 303 Area Harvested 253 253 253 Production 7,500 7,000 7,000 Imports 31,402 26,000 25,800 Total Supply 38,902 33,000 32,800 Exports 6,992 2,000 2,000 Fresh Dom. Consumption 31,910 31,000 30,800 For Processing 0 0 0 Total Distribution 38,902 33,000 32,800 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Italian industry; GTA PRODUCTION MY 2012/13 (November/October) Italian grapefruit production is forecast to remain stable. CONSUMPTION MY 2012/2013 Italian grapefruit consumption is expected to remain flat. TRADE Germany, France, and Poland represent the main destinations for Italian grapefruit exports. South Africa and Israel are Italy’s major suppliers of grapefruit. Abbreviations and definitions used in this report MY Marketing year Oranges, Tangerines, Lemons, Grapefruit, Orange Juice: November/October HS Codes Oranges: 080510 Tangerines: 080520 Lemons: 080550 Grapefruit: 080540 Orange juice: 200911-200912-200919 MT Metric ton = 1000 kg Ha hectare; 1 ha = 2.471 acres EU European Union
Posted: 10 January 2013

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