2012 Japan Broiler Market Situation Update

An Expert's View about Poultry in Japan

Posted on: 18 Sep 2012

Japan’s 2012 national broiler output has nearly recovered to its 2010 level of 1.29 million MT after a decline in 2011 due to HPAI outbreaks and the 2011 March earthquake.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 9/1/2012 GAIN Report Number: JA2022 Japan Poultry and Products Annual 2012 Japan Broiler Market Situation Update and 2013 Outlook Approved By: Benjamin Petlock, Agricultural Attaché Prepared By: Kakuyu Obara, Agricultural Specialist Report Highlights: Japan’s 2012 national broiler output has nearly recovered to its 2010 level of 1.29 million MT after a decline in 2011 due to HPAI outbreaks and the 2011 March earthquake. Currently, an oversupply of unsold broiler meat, along with high level stocks and plummeting market prices are all indicating the severity of the surplus. By mid- 2012, total supply clearly outpaced total consumption, despite the fact that annual consumption is projected to reach a record high of 2.14 million MT. Total imports are expected to be significantly reduced for the second half of 2012 through the first half of 2013. Prevailing low prices and high feeding cost (due to high corn prices) may also press domestic producers to trim their output in 2013. Therefore, in 2013, lower imports and national output are expected to correct the current surplus. Commodities: Poultry, Meat, Broiler Poultry, Meat, Broiler Japan 2011 2012 2013 Market Year Begin: Jan 2011 Market Year Begin: Jan 2012 Market Year Begin: Jan 2013 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Inventory (Reference) 107 108 107 110 109 Slaughter (Reference) 634 617 634 640 645 Beginning Stocks 109 109 147 147 142 Production 1,235 1,247 1,270 1,290 1,280 Total Imports 895 895 840 855 840 Total Supply 2,239 2,251 2,257 2,292 2,262 Total Exports 5 5 10 10 10 Human Consumption 2,087 2,099 2,115 2,140 2,130 Other Use, Losses 0 0 0 0 0 Total Dom. Consumption 2,087 2,099 2,115 2,140 2,130 Total Use 2,092 2,104 2,125 2,150 2,140 Ending Stocks 147 147 132 142 122 Total Distribution 2,239 2,251 2,257 2,292 2,262 MIL HEAD, 1000 MT, PERCENT, PEOPLE, KG Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics: Author Defined: Preface This report updates JA 1040, “2011 Japan Market Situation Update and 2012 Outlook.” Readers may note that Post made an interim revision on the PS&D numbers in March 2012 to mainly reflect actual imports and the year ending stock publicized for 2011. USDA official numbers in the PS&D reflect the March revision. Quantities listed in the text are made on the basis of Product Weight, and no conversion rates are used (unless specified otherwise). Domestic Broiler Meat – dressed whole, bone-in Imported Broiler Meat – Customs Clearance Basis (boneless and bone-in combined with the majority of the broiler meat imports being boneless cuts) Imported Prepared Broiler Products – Customs Clearance Basis Stocks – Product Weight (mostly boneless) – Includes a small amount of spent hen stocks (no broiler specific stock data is available). Note - Structure of Japanese Broiler Market: Broilers comprise over 90 percent of the Japanese poultry meat market. In general, leg meat is preferred to breast meat in this market. Domestic broilers account for roughly 60 percent of Japan’s total broiler supply. Nearly half of Japan’s total broiler meat imports are supplied by Brazil (mainly boneless leg meat) with the rest coming mostly from Thailand and China, who mainly export “prepared (or cooked) broiler meat.” Note: Since 2004, Japan has suspended its imports of broiler meat from Thailand and China due to massive HPAI (Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza) outbreaks that swept through the region. Japan’s retail sector is the main market for domestic broiler meat with the food service/convenience/take-out meal sectors being the main market for imported broiler meat and prepared products. Japan was once a major market for U.S. bone-in legs; this specific trade segment has shrunk over the past two decades, however, due to a shift in market preference for boneless cuts, and, more recently, prepared (cooked) products. The U.S. poultry industry is very competitive in the international market and historically has focused on export markets that take bone-in cuts. The lack of the U.S. industry’s capability to produce and export deboned cuts, coupled with prohibitive labor costs, has also been a major constraint for U.S. broiler meat in this market. Report Highlights Japan’s 2012 national broiler output has nearly recovered to its 2010 level of 1.29 million MT after a decline in 2011 due to HPAI outbreaks and the 2011 March earthquake. Currently, an oversupply of unsold broiler meat, along with high level stocks and plummeting market prices are all indicating the severity of the surplus. By mid- 2012, total supply clearly outpaced total consumption, despite the fact that annual consumption is projected to reach a record high of 2.14 million MT. Total imports are expected to be significantly reduced for the second half of 2012 through the first half of 2013. Prevailing low prices and high feeding cost (due to high corn prices) may also press domestic producers to trim their output in 2013. Therefore, in 2013, lower imports and national output are expected to correct the current surplus. 2013 Broiler Market Outlook (New) Executive Summary Given global economic uncertainty, exacerbated by the historic drought in the United States, average Japanese consumers are expected to continue to favor relatively low-priced food items including broiler meat and prepared (cooked) broiler meat products. The Japanese broiler market is expected to adjust from the second half of 2012 through the first half of 2013, correcting the surplus that developed by mid- 2012. The high corn price that is anticipated for 2012/2013, due to a severe drought in the United States, is expected to raise Brazilian and U.S. export offers for Japan and will likely constrain imports in 2012 and 2013. The EU’s lifting of its restrictions on Thai broiler meat imports in July 2012 may present a challenge for Brazil. The slow economy in the EU is expected to create price-cut competition between Brazil and Thailand over their share of the EU “breast meat” market. According to a trade source, this may also push Brazil to raise its export offer for “boneless leg meat” for the Japanese market in 2013 to cover any potential losses in the EU market. With its current surplus in stocks, Japan’s import demand may remain weak, and the market may not be prepared for any price hikes. It is still unclear how domestic producers are responding to the current surplus. Post anticipates high corn prices may force producers to trim their output in 2013 to avoid cost-price squeezes (low-prices for broilers combined with high feed cost). This may also force some high cost operators, who are not able to withstand such losses, to cease operations in 2012/2013. 2013 Market Outlook (New) Decrease in Supply may Help Decrease Previous Year’s Surplus in 2013 Japan’s broiler market is expected to adjust itself by 2013, canceling the surplus that developed in the previous year due to decreased imports and lower national output and eventually matching consumption. On a preliminary basis, Post projects total domestic consumption to only marginally decline, and is estimated at 2.13 million MT, down from its record high forecast of 2012. In 2013, low market prices, coupled with high input costs (due to high corn prices) will likely make it difficult for domestic producers to sustain the same level of national output as the previous year. Total imports are expected to continue their decline in 2013 and are projected down by two percent to 840,000 MT (Breakdowns: Broiler Meat, down by four percent to 410,000 MT mainly from Brazil, Prepared Broiler Products, unchanged at 420,000 MT, mainly from China and Thailand). Brazilian and U.S. broiler meat prices are expected to trend higher in 2012/2013 due to anticipated higher corn prices. Higher market prices for imported broiler meat, coupled with current surpluses, are expected to reduce imports in 2013. Japan’s imports from the United States are projected at roughly the same as the previous year, unchanged at 35,000 MT. Imported prepared products are the one exception that has maintained solid demand in Japan. Total domestic production in 2013 is projected one percent lower from the previous year at 1.28 million MT due to potential high feed costs and continuing low market prices. Surplus stocks are forecast to remain at the beginning of 2013 and are also expected to decline as the total supply decreases. The sections below explain how the 2012 Japanese broiler market surplus developed. 2011 Situation Summary Decline in Domestic Output Triggered Major Shifts to Imports in 2011 As mentioned in the last annual report - JA 1040 - in 2011, massive outbreaks of HPAI and the March earthquake largely disrupted Japan’s domestic production and distribution of broiler meat. On a month-by- month comparison, national output for January – July in 2011 showed severe declines, although from August onwards, output almost returned to its 2010 levels. However, on an annual basis, Japan’s total 2011 domestic production was estimated to have dropped three percent from the previous year to 1.247 million MT. Readers should note that during the first half of 2011, there was a significant amount of uncertainty regarding the future prospects of domestic production (a fear of long-term supply shortage). According to a trade source, Japan’s retail and food service users, including traditional end users of domestic cuts, have temporality switched to imports to cover a portion of their annual needs. These purchases are said to be on the basis of one-year contracts, ending mostly by mid-2012. In 2011, Japan’s total broiler imports spiked by 14 percent from the previous year to 894,565 MT (Breakdowns: Broiler Meat, up 12 percent to 471,841 MT with Brazil claiming 88 percent share total; Prepared Products of Broiler Meat, up 15 percent to 422,724 MT with China and Thailand together accounting almost an entire share of 99 percent). (See table 4-a, 4c) Japan’s robust imports, which were made to respond to any potential shortages, partially contributed to the ample year-ending stocks, estimated up by 35 percent compared to the year beginning of 2011 at 147,000 MT. (See Table 3) Meanwhile, Japan’s total broiler consumption rose by one percent in 2011 to reach a historic high of 2.104 million MT. A strong increase in the imports of broiler meat partially filled the gap created by reduced national output to meet this consumption. Imported prepared products also played a key role in filling the demand for ready-to-eat meals/plates, especially after the March earthquake. 2012 Situation Summary and Revised Outlook (Revised) Severe Surplus Outpaced Record High Consumption in 2012 For the first half of 2012, as total distribution of broiler meat clearly outpaced relatively solid consumption, the market was flooded with chicken meat. Average household purchases for the first six months of 2012 were 14 percent greater when compared to the same time period last year. (See table 1) Surplus stocks appear to be putting a burden on Japan’s 2012 broiler market. For the month of June, the size of frozen broiler stocks was reported to have swelled from the previous year to 152,780, adding 5,400 MT to unsold broiler meat inventories on the year beginning level. (See Table 3) Imports may be Lower in the Second Half of 2012 The above situation caused average wholesale prices of domestic cuts to plummet during the first half of 2012; i.e., for fresh/chilled boneless leg meat; down 15 percent at JP 590 yen per kg., and for breast meat; down 34 percent at JP 183 Yen per kg compared to the same period last year. (See Table 2). Given the ample supply of domestic cuts, Japanese retailers, who previously relied on imports, have now reportedly reverted to low-priced domestic broiler cuts. Price data for imported frozen broiler meat (Brazilian boneless leg meat) have yet to be published, but a trade source suggests there is strong downward pressure for discounts on imported cuts as well. Given that situation, the same source expects Japanese importers may significantly cut back their purchases from Brazil and the United States during the second half of 2012. In light of the above, Post projects Japan’s 2012 domestic broiler production to recover, up three percent to 1.29 million MT, offsetting the previous year’s decline and returning to 2010 levels. Total imports are projected down by four percent to 855,000 MT [Breakdowns: Broiler meat, down by 10 percent to 425,000 MT reflecting a sharp reduction anticipated to occur during the second half of 2012; Prepared (cooked) broiler products: up by two percent to 430,000 MT supported by sustained solid sales anticipated]. Japanese 2012 total broiler consumption is now projected to exceed its 2011 record, reaching a historic high, up by two percent to 2.115 million MT. Yet, due to the severity of 2012’s surplus situation, year-ending stocks are projected only slightly lower than the year beginning, and is estimated to be at 142,000 MT. Readers should note that the recent expansion of prepared products from China and Thailand may also be attributing to the accumulation of the surplus stocks of broiler meat this year. (For 2010, up 17 percent to 368,364 MT and for 2011, up 15 percent to 422,724 MT respectively each from the previous year, and for 2012, projected up two percent at 430,000 MT, which surpasses the forecast for broiler meat imports). (See Table 4-a, 4-c) Table 1-a: Monthly Average Quantities and Expenditures on Foods per Household YTD; Meat, Chicken, and Processed Meat Products Beef Pork Chicken CY 2011 Expenditure Quantity Expenditure Quantity Expenditure Quantity Jan. 1,550 -2% 552 -1% 2,072 3% 1,614 5% 1,042 -2% 1,128 -4% Feb. 1,385 2% 515 -4% 1,980 2% 1,533 0% 932 -8% 1,028 -11% Mar. 1,449 -4% 566 -3% 2,097 4% 1,643 5% 1,018 -2% 1,148 -2% Apr. 1,529 5% 566 1% 2,025 5% 1,521 1% 970 -5% 986 -14% May 1,572 0% 581 0% 2,004 1% 1,523 1% 1,039 2% 1,086 -4% Jun. 1,478 10% 570 9% 1,963 5% 1,482 3% 993 5% 1,022 -6% July 1,370 -9% 503 -9% 1,992 4% 1,515 5% 980 9% 1,057 4% Aug. 1,486 -7% 531 -10% 2,073 6% 1,538 2% 970 11% 1,040 5% Sept. 1,341 -7% 544 -2% 2,000 1% 1,549 1% 1,062 8% 1,149 3% Oct. 1,452 -5% 544 1% 2,136 1% 1,682 2% 1,154 5% 1,269 4% Nov. 1,431 -5% 557 -3% 2,151 3% 1,670 4% 1,147 7% 1,241 7% Dec. 2,554 1% 753 -4% 2,247 2% 1,719 3% 1,495 10% 1,557 13% CY 2010 18,965 6,933 23,959 18,501 12,387 13,755 CY 2011 18,597 6,782 24,740 18,989 12,802 13,711 % Chg. -2% -2% 3% 3% 3% 0% CY 2012 Expenditure Quantity Expenditure Quantity Expenditure Quantity Jan. 1,463 -6% 557 1% 2,044 -1% 1,612 0% 1,137 9% 1,251 11% Feb. 1,373 -1% 529 3% 1,989 0% 1,567 2% 1,092 17% 1,248 21% Mar. 1,468 1% 593 5% 1,998 -5% 1,613 -2% 1,102 8% 1,271 11% Apr. 1,417 -7% 546 -4% 1,932 -5% 1,523 0% 1,067 10% 1,214 23% May 1,498 -5% 591 2% 1,931 -4% 1,501 -1% 1,047 1% 1,186 9% Jun. 1,373 -7% 543 -5% 1,895 -3% 1,509 2% 987 -1% 1,155 13% CY 2011 (Jan. - Jun.) 8,963 3,350 12,141 9,316 5,994 6,398 CY 2012 (Jan. - Jun.) 8,592 3,359 11,789 9,325 6,432 7,325 % Chg. -4% 0% -3% 0% 7% 14% Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communication Bureau (Government E-stat data compiled by Post) Table 1-b: Monthly Average Quantities and Expenditures on Foods per Household YTD; Meat, Chicken, and Processed Meat Products Ground Meat Ham Sausage CY 2011 Expenditure Quantity Expenditure Quantity Expenditure Quantity Jan. 156 0% 144 -5% 319 1% 175 -1% 523 -3% 402 -5% Feb. 160 0% 160 0% 299 1% 165 -1% 527 -2% 399 -3% Mar. 170 1% 163 2% 345 2% 196 8% 598 0% 455 0% Apr. 170 3% 155 -1% 352 4% 195 5% 608 2% 456 -3% May 186 7% 174 7% 395 2% 219 4% 632 1% 494 6% Jun. 173 -1% 167 -3% 454 -1% 246 -4% 575 0% 431 -5% July 154 -3% 151 3% 603 4% 334 9% 570 0% 444 1% Aug. 164 5% 156 4% 490 -1% 257 -6% 595 -1% 450 -1% Sept. 170 6% 160 5% 364 -3% 210 4% 600 -1% 466 2% Oct. 168 6% 158 4% 358 0% 197 3% 633 1% 480 -2% Nov. 161 3% 156 3% 571 9% 307 6% 612 4% 466 4% Dec. 150 4% 148 6% 1,084 -5% 524 -6% 626 4% 457 0% CY 2010 1,932 1,853 5,618 2,993 7,067 5,434 CY 2011 1,982 1,892 5,634 3,025 7,099 5,400 % Chg. 3% 2% 0% 1% 0% -1% CY2012 Expenditure Quantity Expenditure Quantity Expenditure Quantity Jan. 157 1% 153 6% 332 4% 181 3% 539 3% 421 5% Feb. 146 -9% 148 -8% 306 2% 174 5% 554 5% 438 10% Mar. 172 1% 170 4% 356 3% 201 3% 601 1% 463 2% Apr. 161 -5% 154 -1% 363 3% 206 6% 600 -1% 463 2% May 169 -9% 157 -10% 401 2% 226 3% 632 0% 486 -2% Jun. 169 -2% 159 -5% 464 2% 245 0% 576 0% 453 5% CY 2011 (Jan. - Jun.) 1,015 963 2,164 1,196 3,463 2,637 CY 2012 (Jan. - Jun.) 974 941 2,222 1,233 3,502 2,724 % Chg. -4% -2% 3% 3% 1% 3% Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communication Bureau (Government E-stat data compiled by Post) Table 1-c: Monthly Average Quantities and Expenditures on Foods per Household YTD; Meat, Chicken, and Processed Meat Products Bacon Yakitori (Prepared) Hamburg Stake (Prepared) CY 2011 Expenditure Quantity Expenditure Quantity Expenditure Quantity Jan. 166 -3% 95 -7% 134 -6% 83 22% Feb. 186 1% 114 2% 115 5% 78 7% Mar. 204 0% 132 9% 135 -11% 88 10% Apr. 204 7% 123 9% 160 9% 80 0% May 217 9% 131 5% 182 10% 79 -5% Jun. 218 15% 133 13% 155 5% 83 0% July 196 8% 121 10% 186 -2% 80 -6% Aug. 200 17% 121 15% 222 -2% 78 0% Sept. 212 10% 133 14% 150 -8% 87 -1% Oct. 207 6% 130 7% 150 3% 85 2% Nov. 211 10% 129 11% 153 20% 95 16% Dec. 208 1% 127 6% 154 7% 84 5% CY 2010 2,275 1,380 1,861 963 CY 2011 2,429 1,489 1,896 1,000 % Chg. 7% 8% 2% 4% CY 2012 Expenditure Quantity Expenditure Quantity Expenditure Quantity Jan. 189 14% 113 19% 130 -3% 78 -6% Feb. 195 5% 115 1% 126 10% 72 -8% Mar. 205 0% 118 -11% 159 18% 84 -5% Apr. 206 1% 130 6% 168 5% 82 2% May 222 2% 137 5% 162 -11% 84 6% Jun. 201 -8% 129 -3% 170 10% 87 5% CY 2011 Jan. - Jun. 1,195 728 881 491 CY 2012 Jan. - Jun. 1,218 742 915 487 % Chg. 2% 2% 4% -1% Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communication Bureau Table 2: Monthly Average Wholesale Prices of Domestic Broiler YTD, Boneless Leg and Breast Meat (Fresh/Chilled) Bone-less Leg (Yen per Kg.) 2010 % chg. 2011 % chg. 2012 % chg. Jan. 674 2% 707 5% 627 -11% Feb. 677 11% 705 4% 609 -14% Mar. 677 19% 698 3% 594 -15% Apr. 667 18% 700 5% 578 -17% May 652 12% 696 7% 572 -18% Jun. 629 7% 659 5% 564 -14% Jul. 580 0% 625 8% Aug. 541 -7% 595 10% Sep. 544 -8% 599 10% Oct. 575 -6% 614 7% Nov. 622 -1% 607 -2% Dec. 662 2% 602 -9% 1st Qtr Ave. 676 10% 703 4% 610 -13% 2nd Qtr Ave. 649 12% 685 5% 571 -17% 3rd Qtr Ave. 555 -5% 606 9% 4th Qtr Ave. 620 -1% 608 -2% Year Ave. 625 4% 651 4% Source: ALIC Monthly Statistics Breast (Yen per Kg.) 2010 % chg. 2011 % chg. 2011 % chg. Jan. 210 -37% 279 33% 208 -25% Feb. 201 -29% 276 37% 190 -31% Mar. 197 -22% 273 39% 179 -34% Apr. 200 -13% 277 39% 172 -38% May 206 -8% 279 35% 171 -39% Jun. 227 6% 266 17% 175 -34% Jul. 244 16% 272 11% Aug. 250 19% 273 9% Sep. 255 23% 270 6% Oct. 252 23% 261 4% Nov. 260 24% 249 -4% Dec. 275 30% 232 -16% 1st Qtr Ave. 203 -30% 276 36% 192 -30% 2nd Qtr Ave. 211 -6% 274 30% 173 -37% 3rd Qtr Ave. 250 19% 272 9% 4th Qtr Ave. 262 26% 247 -6% Year Ave. 231 -1% 267 15% Source: ALIC Monthly Statistics Table 3): Monthly Ending Stocks of Poultry Meat YTD Unit: Metric Ton 2008 % chg. 2009 % chg. 2010 % chg. 2011 % chg. 2012 % chg. Jan. 121,274 -6% 173,438 43% 115,656 -33% 111,439 -4% 153,923 38% Feb. 115,910 -6% 164,380 42% 116,123 -29% 105,321 -9% 152,515 45% Mar. 112,518 -4% 154,195 37% 109,643 -29% 106,385 -3% 147,844 39% Apr. 112,455 -1% 149,728 33% 107,481 -28% 105,289 -2% 147,708 40% May 118,417 -1% 156,411 32% 106,746 -32% 115,480 8% 155,341 35% Jun. 114,552 -3% 153,166 34% 112,510 -27% 127,292 13% 152,780 20% Jul. 129,298 10% 154,890 20% 118,832 -23% 136,550 15% Aug. 146,668 26% 150,176 2% 120,151 -20% 144,085 20% Sep. 153,071 28% 139,041 -9% 119,873 -14% 137,994 15% Oct. 170,457 40% 130,500 -23% 118,247 -9% 137,925 17% Nov. 179,521 46% 121,830 -32% 115,054 -6% 148,184 29% Dec. 175,559 50% 115,574 -34% 108,859 -6% 147,358 35% Source: ALIC Monthly Statistics Table 4-a): Japanese Imports of Broiler Meat YTD Unit: Metric Ton Calendar Year Year To Date Partner Country Unit 2009 2010 2011 % Change % Share in 2011 06/2011 06/2012 %Change World MT 331,091 420,253 471,841 12% 100% 230,416 210,561 -9% Brazil MT 307,941 379,982 413,066 9% 88% 204,554 193,105 -6% United States MT 18,316 34,183 46,221 35% 10% 21,018 12,698 -40% Philippines MT 3,479 3,988 6,869 72% 1% 2,544 2,997 18% Chile MT 404 1,520 4,719 210% 1% 1,840 1,190 -35% Others MT 951 580 966 67% 0% 460 571 24% Source of Data: Global Trade Atlas (Japan Customs) Table 4-b): CIF Price Data Unit: US Dollars/MT Calendar Year Year To Date Partner Country Unit 2009 2010 2011 % Change 06/2011 06/2012 %Change World MT 2,492.58 2,606.18 3,476.40 33% 3,291.95 2,947.83 -10% Brazil MT 2,508.87 2,647.17 3,571.92 35% 3,370.20 2,970.41 -12% United States MT 1,781.37 1,933.97 2,592.19 34% 2,469.49 2,280.31 -8% Philippines MT 4,453.46 4,244.04 3,914.96 -8% 3,760.90 4,270.58 14% Chile MT 3,320.24 2,773.06 3,047.35 10% 3,280.40 2,773.29 -15% Source of Data: Global Trade Atlas (Japan Customs) Table 4-c): Japanese Imports of Prepared (Cooked) Broiler Products YTD Unit: Metric Ton Calendar Year Year To Date Partner Country Unit 2009 2010 2011 %Change % Share in 2011 06/2011 06/2012 %Change World MT 313,822 368,364 422,724 15% 100% 197,502 207,262 5% China MT 135,663 175,506 214,998 23% 51% 100,999 106,505 5% Thailand MT 175,466 190,100 203,193 7% 48% 94,542 98,436 4% Others MT 2,693 2,758 4,533 64% 1% 1,961 2,321 18% Source of Data: Global Trade Atlas (Japan Customs) Table 4-d): CIF Price Data Year To Date Partner Country Uni t 2009 2010 2011 %Change 06/2011 06/2012 %Change World MT 4,397.46 4,305.82 4,841.44 12% 4,638.87 4,981.09 7% Thailand MT 4,598.82 4,522.17 5,152.65 14% 4,970.87 5,111.21 3% China MT 4,146.45 4,069.76 4,553.21 12% 4,334.92 4,871.75 12% Source of Data: Global Trade Atlas (Japan Customs)
Posted: 18 September 2012

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