Dairy and Products Annual

An Expert's View about Dairy Products in Japan

Posted on: 30 Jan 2012

The 2012 production outlook for domestic butter and non-fat Dry Milk (NFDM) will improve due to an increase in fluid milk for processing use.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 12/15/2011 GAIN Report Number: JA1047 Japan Dairy and Products Annual 2012 Japan Milk and Dairy Products Market Outlook and 2011 Market Situation Summary Approved By: Benjamin Petlock, Agricultural Attaché Prepared By: Kakuyu Obara, Agricultural Specialist Report Highlights: In 2012, Japan’s national fluid milk outputs are expected to slightly rebound from the previous year’s sizable decrease. The 2012 production outlook for domestic butter and non-fat Dry Milk (NFDM) will improve due to an increase in fluid milk for processing use, especially in Hokkaido. Despite this increase, domestic butter production will not be able to meet potential market demand; therefore purchases of imported butter under the current access are likely to continue in 2012 (estimated up to 14,000 MT). In 2011, the United States entered the top three major cheese suppliers to Japan, following Australia and New Zealand, and will continue to strongly compete in the following year. Commodities: Dairy, Milk, Fluid Dairy, Butter Dairy, Milk, Nonfat Dry Dairy, Cheese Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics: Fluid Milk PS&D Table Dairy, Milk, Fluid Japan 2010 2011 2012 Market Year Begin: Jan 2010 Market Year Begin: Jan 2011 Market Year Begin: Jan 2012 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Cows In Milk 830 825 825 805 815 Cows Milk Production 7,721 7,721 7,550 7,490 7,580 Other Milk Production 0 0 0 0 0 Total Production 7,721 7,721 7,550 7,490 7,580 Other Imports 0 0 0 0 0 Total Imports 0 0 0 0 0 Total Supply 7,721 7,721 7,550 7,490 7,580 Other Exports 0 0 0 0 0 Total Exports 0 0 0 0 0 Fluid Use Dom. Consum. 4,150 4,150 4,030 4,080 4,050 Factory Use Consum. 3,499 3,499 3,450 3,340 3,460 Feed Use Dom. Consum. 72 72 70 70 70 Total Dom. Consumption 7,721 7,721 7,550 7,490 7,580 Total Distribution 7,721 7,721 7,550 7,490 7,580 1000 HEAD, 1000 MT Butter PS&D Table Dairy, Butter Japan 2010 2011 2012 Market Year Begin: Jan 2010 Market Year Begin: Jan 2011 Market Year Begin: Jan 2012 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Beginning Stocks 30 30 21 21 19 Production 74 74 70 65 70 Other Imports 2 2 13 15 14 Total Imports 2 2 13 15 14 Total Supply 106 106 104 101 103 Other Exports 0 0 0 0 0 Total Exports 0 0 0 0 0 Domestic Consumption 85 85 83 82 84 Total Use 85 85 83 82 84 Ending Stocks 21 21 21 19 19 Total Distribution 106 106 104 101 103 1000 MT NFDM PS&D Table Dairy, Milk, Nonfat Dry Japan 2010 2011 2012 Market Year Begin: Jan 2010 Market Year Begin: Jan 2011 Market Year Begin: Jan 2012 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Beginning Stocks 58 58 57 57 41 Production 156 156 150 137 150 Other Imports 30 30 30 23 27 Total Imports 30 30 30 23 27 Total Supply 244 244 237 217 218 Other Exports 0 0 0 0 0 Total Exports 0 0 0 0 0 Human Dom. Consumption 162 162 160 157 160 Other Use, Losses 25 25 25 19 23 Total Dom. Consumption 187 187 185 176 183 Total Use 187 187 185 176 183 Ending Stocks 57 57 52 41 35 Total Distribution 244 244 237 217 218 1000 MT Cheese PS&D Table Dairy, Cheese Japan 2010 2011 2012 Market Year Begin: Jan 2010 Market Year Begin: Jan 2011 Market Year Begin: Jan 2012 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Beginning Stocks 15 15 15 15 15 Production 48 48 50 48 50 Other Imports 199 199 200 207 215 Total Imports 199 199 200 207 215 Total Supply 262 262 265 270 280 Other Exports 0 0 0 0 0 Total Exports 0 0 0 0 0 Human Dom. Consumption 247 247 250 255 265 Other Use, Losses 0 0 0 0 0 Total Dom. Consumption 247 247 250 255 265 Total Use 247 247 250 255 265 Ending Stocks 15 15 15 15 15 Total Distribution 262 262 265 270 280 1000 MT Author Defined: Preface: This report is an update to JA 1031, the 2011 Japan Dairy and Products Semiannual (05/18/2011). Post’s previous PS&D preliminary projections for 2011 annual outlook has been further revised based on the latest calendar year data (Jan. – Aug.) available for domestic production, stocks, and imports published (preliminarily) by the Government of Japan (GOJ) which reflect slow recovery of domestic fluid milk outputs to date. The data discussed in this report are on a calendar year basis unless specified otherwise. For convenience sake, Post’s reference to Japan’s current access for dairy commodities, so called the minimum access, and dairy subsidies is based on the Japanese fiscal year (JFY: Starting April and ending March next year ). In the last Uruguay Round Trade Talks, GOJ agreed to the commitment of import purchases for designated dairy commodities through state trade (up to total milk equivalent of 137,000 MT), which include butter, NFDM, edible whey, butter oil, and dairy spread. The conversion coefficient Post used to calculate milk equivalent volumes for each commodity are: NFDM (6.48), Edible Whey Powder (6.84), Butter (12.34), Dairy Spread (12.34), and Butter Oil (15.05) 2012 Market Outlook for Fluid Milk, NFDM, Butter, and Cheese (New) - Soft Recovery of National Fluid Milk Outputs Forecast in 2012 Positive signs have appeared in Japan’s 2012 national fluid milk supply outlook. National outputs started to trend up in the fourth quarter of 2011 as more cows have reportedly been put into milking. This trend is expected to continue through 2012. Specifically, regional output in Hokkaido (projected up around two percent) should reverse the previous year’s decrease in national fluid milk (projected down three percent) by offsetting declines that are anticipated to occur in other milk producing regions. Therefore, Post projects Japan’s 2012 total fluid milk outputs to rise at least one percent to 7.58 million MT level, but this increase is still two percent lower when compared to 2010. The slight increase projected for 2012 points to underlying difficulties faced by Japan’s dairy sector in trying to reverse the long term decline in national fluid milk production. One driver is the retirement of farmers (an average decline of three to four percent annually) without successors. Aging farmers is a crucial issue affecting Japan’s agriculture, livestock, forestry and fisheries in general. Additionally, as dairy farmers outside of Hokkaido are unable to expand, they face high operation costs due to increased prices for feeds/fodder, fuels, and labor. In the earthquake affected regions, Kanto’s regional supply output is expected to fully recover by the beginning of 2012. In the hardest hit Tohoku region (including Fukushima), recovery lags somewhat behind the Kanto region, but will eventually catch up. As production in these two regions recover in 2012, there will be less need for supplemented fluid milk product to be diverted from Hokkaido, which in turn should assure sufficient volumes of fluid milk to remain in that province for processing use (See relevant sections in 2011 Situation Summary and Outlook Update). - Domestic Butter and NFDM Productions to Recover in 2012 In 2012, overall demand for drinking milk is expected to remain lethargic due to competition with soft drinks and other beverages which has persisted for more than a decade. The utilization for fluid milk for drinking use is projected down by one percent to 4.05 million MT. This decrease allows for more fluid milk for processing use which is projected to increase by four percent to 3.346 million MT over last year’s level. The above suggests improved supply outlooks for both Japan’s 2012 domestic butter and NFDM, which had plummeted in the previous year. Post projects domestic butter output to rise by eight percent to 70,000 MT. Likewise, domestic NFDM output is projected up by 10 percent to 150,000 MT. According to industry sources, domestic dairy companies, mainly located in Hokkaido, may be able to build stocks of both commodities during the period of low consumption, typically the first quarter of the year. - Continued Imports of Butter under the Current Access Likely in 2012 As explained in the 2011 Market Situation Update Section, a shortage in supply contracted Japan’s butter market. As Japan’s overall demand for butter in 2012 is projected to go up by two percent to 84,000 MT, a tight butter supply is expected to linger into the forecast year. The lack of supply may require Japan to import approximately 14,000 MT of butter in 2012 in order to meet demand. Even then, year ending stocks are calculated remain at the low level of the year’s beginning stocks of 19,000 MT. As was the case in 2011, it is highly likely that GOJ will need to continue state trade purchases of imported butter in 2012, both by committing to the JFY 2012 current access and also by emergency imports if needed. As industry sources currently predict another good year for fresh cream and its by-product in 2012, the wholesale price of butter is expected to stay relatively high throughout the forecast year. - NFDM Demand and Supply Roughly to Balance in 2012 Post does not predict any state trade purchases of NFDM to occur during the forecast year. Although beginning stocks for 2012 are substantially low (estimated at 41,000 MT, down 28 percent from the previous year’s beginning), the supply and demand situation for NFDM does not yet seem as alarming as butter. Improved domestic production, and use of other alternative ingredients, such as edible whey and liquid condensed skim milk (cream by-products), could curtail any temporary supply short falls. Likewise, the wholesale price of domestic NFDM is expected to stay more or less stable throughout the year. At present, Japan’s total NFDM imports (combined imports for school lunch programs, feed use, and for other edible TRQ imports) are expected to rise. If demand in the NFDM ingredient market for food use were to exceed actual demand (currently projected up by two percent to 160,000 MT), GOJ may purchase additional NFDM under the JFY 2012 current dairy access. - Continued Growth Likely for Japan’s 2012 Cheese Market Japan’s 2012 cheese market will continue its growth from the previous year, based on upbeat household consumption and expanded uses of cheeses in food service, ready-to-eat foods, and snack industries. Post projects a four percent rise in Japan’s total demand for cheese to 265,000 MT for the forecast year. Japanese total cheese imports for the year are also projected to rise by the same percentage to 215,000 MT. If 2012 global cheese prices were to rise higher than the previous year, it may curb prospective imports (mainly from Oceania and EU countries). The same may also apply for American cheeses, which made tremendous inroads into this market (especially for shredded cheese). Post projects 2012 imports of American cheese to easily clear the previous year’s historic record, reaching around 22,000 MT, a 10 percent increase (See Relevant Section in 2011 Market Situation Summary and Outlook Update). Post projects domestic natural cheese production to increase by four percent to 50,000 MT. This rise in production, due to the increased availability of fluid milk for processing in the Hokkaido region, is still substantially below annual domestic cheese factory capacities, estimated at around 70,000 – 80,000 MT. 2011 Market Situation Summary and Outlook Update (Revised) - Lower Number of Cows in Milk Reduced 2011 National Fluid Milk Outputs The March 2011 earthquake created the following disruptions in Japan’s overall fluid production, distribution, and utilization patterns: 1. The earthquake temporarily incapacitated the ability to produce fluid milk in the Tohoku and Kanto regions, which accounted for nearly one quarter of Japan’s total national fluid milk output. The large decline in this region (eight percent for January – October), was accompanied by a similar decline in other milk producing regions, other than Hokkaido, of seven percent. In the same period, Hokkaido, Japan’s major milk producing state in the Northern Island, also had difficulties in raising its fluid milk output, was and was down by one percent. 2. Production in the Tohoku and Kanto regions was also halted due to a shipment prohibition imposed by GOJ on Fukushima (Tohoku region) and Ibaragi (Kanto region) as a result of cesium detection in fluid milk, which exceeded the permissible limit of 500 Bq/Kg. set for foods. As much as 33,000 MT, valued at JP Yen 3.3 billion, was disposed of until the prohibition was lifted in April. 3. The reduced fluid milk output, along with the slow recoveries in Tohoku and Kanto, created a temporary shortfall in supplies of regular milk and other drinking milk products (including yogurt), especially in highly populated areas, such as Tokyo and other major cities in surrounding prefectures. 4. To meet the gap in the raw milk supply, extra volumes of fluid milk have been diverted, mostly from Hokkaido, since April. This diversion reduced Hokkaido’s raw milk for processing use to historically low levels. 5. These shortfalls also created a shortage in the 2011 domestic butter supply, triggering the government-led purchases of imported butter for industrial use through the current access (See relevant section). 6. Entering into the fourth quarter, the situation seemed to be improving and monthly national fluid milk outputs were reportedly recovering, also indicating more availability of fluid milk in Hokkaido for processing use. Given the above, Post has revised its previous projections for Japan’s 2011 national fluid milk outputs, and now estimates a three percent decline from the previous year to around 7.49 million MT. In addition to supply disruptions caused by the March earthquake, a lower than expected rate of conception and delayed calf deliveries due to last year’s extremely hot summer and heat waves are believed to have reduced the number of cows in milk at the beginning of year, leaving the national dairy herd inventory down three percent at 805,000 heads (See Table 10). - Shortage Prevailed in Fluid Milk for Processing Use in 2011 Post projects Japan’s 2011 use of fluid milk to remain significantly lower, down two percent for drinking at 4.08 million MT, and by five percent for processing at 3.34 million MT, over the previous year. Likewise, domestic butter and NFDM productions are projected considerably lower than last year, down by 12 percent for butter at 65,000 MT, and 12 percent for NFDM at 137,000 MT from the previous year (See Table 4). - Substantial Butter Imports Made to Cover Domestic Shortage in 2011 Due to the supply shortage which has diminished Japan’s butter demand in 2011, Post estimates total consumption down four percent from the previous year at 82,000 MT. Major dairy companies reportedly have been rationing supplies to their end users in order to sustain sales of domestic brand products, while relying on imports to meet industrial use demands. With 2011’s already low beginning stocks (21,000 MT) and wholesale prices trending upward, the GOJ proactively decided to import butter for industrial use to alleviate concerns of a possible shortage [See Table 6 and 7]. A series of announcements made by GOJ to commit the dairy current access and enact emergency imports were made up through August, which have amounted to total 13,690 MT so far. Details are summarized below; - 4,231 MT announced in Jan. 2011 as a part of JFY 2010 Current Access (April 2010 – March 30, 2011) - 4,000 MT announced in February 2011 as a part of JFY 2011 Current Access (April 2011 – March 2012) - 3,459 MT announced in May 2011 as a part of JFY 2011 Current Access (the same as above) - 2,000 MT announced in August 2011 for a special emergency purpose, which, is in addition to the Current Access, have already been fully committed for JFY 2011. One point of interest, American butter has become attractive due to its ability to meet changes in demand and price. Similar to 2008, American butter was put on Japanese bidders’ priority lists along with the products from New Zealand and the Netherlands this year (See Table 8-A and 8-B). This calendar year’s share of American butter under Japan’s state trade imports could reach as much as 30 to 40 percent. Meanwhile, the average import price of butter for January to October was 20 percent higher over the same period last year at U.S. 5,599 dollars/MT. The average import price for American butter increased by 26 percent ( U.S. 5,534 dollars/MT), with New Zealand and Netherland prices increasing to U.S. 5,144 dollars /MT (up 31 percent) and U.S. 6,135 dollars/MT (up 40 percent) respectively. With two more months remaining in this calendar year, Japan’s total butter imports could reach up to around 14,000 - 15,000 MT when other additional imports are included. Industry media speculates that in 2011, higher domestic demand for fresh cream, generated by the convenience store dessert industry, intensified this year’s butter shortage. To cope with this high demand, Hokkaido producers reportedly decided to redirect fluid milk, already scarce due to diversions to the Kanto and Tohoku regions, to more cream production this year, instead of butter and NFDM production (Note: Japan is self sufficient in cream supply as fresh cream production is strategically promoted by the government/industry as it does not directly compete with imports). For January – September, the output of domestic cream rose by four percent compared to the same period last year (See Table 3). One additional note, due to this year’s butter shortage, GOJ, for the first time, decided to waive the volume safeguard (Special Safeguard termed SSG – see the below note for further explanation) for butter for this fiscal year (April 2011 to March 2012) to allow continued imports under this product category (HS 0405 - which includes dairy spread and other milk fat products). GOJ’s waiver of the SSG may help promote high end butter imports from the EU and North America for JFY2011. Note: SSG for butter – The SSG’s rational is that the GOJ can suspend the safeguard when surging imports are not expected to damage relevant domestic industries, in this case, the domestic dairy farming and industry. The SSG for agriculture products was introduced at the Uruguay Round trade talks as a compensatory measure for importing countries to alleviate negative impacts of import surges in relevant domestic industries. In the case of butter, the SSG is enacted when cumulative monthly imports for a given fiscal year exceed the standard import volume, which is calculated based on the average of preceding three years’ import volumes multiplied by 1.25. The SSG, once elected, substantially raises tariffs on butter, from a WTO rate of 29.8 percent plus the secondary tariff of JP Yen 985 per Kg. to a UR bound rate of 39.7 percent plus JP Yen 1,311.33 per Kg. - NFDM Supply Experienced a Large Stock Depletion in 2011 Compared to butter, demand for NFDM for ingredient use remained relatively stable despite the drop in domestic production. Japan’s ingredient demands for NFDM have also been relatively stable, except for bakery and some confectionary uses. A significant reduction in processed milk production (using NFDM as an ingredient) occurred this year (down 13 percent) that could partially explain the lack of demand (See Table 3). Based on the above, annual NFDM demands for food use (not counting imports for feed use) are projected down by three percent from the previous year to around 157,000 MT. (Note: This may be a temporary phenomenon caused by the 2011 earthquake, as high priority was given nationally to secure fluid milk need for drinking milk and other drinking products, with production of processed milk becoming secondary). Currently, the day-to-day industry demands for ingredient-use NFDM seem to have been met by stock depletions. Large carryover stocks, estimated at the beginning of the year at 57,000 MT, had decreased to 40,000 MT, approximately three months worth of the annual distribution (See Table 6). Although not yet alarming, the domestic NFDM supply situation has also started to tighten, evident in gradual rises in monthly wholesale average prices since June (See Table 7). The decrease in NFDM ingredient demand can also be attributed to increased competition with liquid condensed skim milk (a cream by-product) and imported edible whey. Japan’s dairy industry has also promoted expanded use of the above cream-by product as an alternative to NFDM for some drinking milk products and ice desserts such as premium-type ice cream products. In particular, imported WPC (Whey Protein Concentrate) has been in direct competition with NFDM in new applications such as functional foods, snacks, and beverages. - Solid Demand Sustained for Cheese in 2011 According to 2011 monthly household cheese consumption data, the earthquake appears to have momentarily interrupted sales of cheeses in the retail sector from March through April. After that, monthly household consumption grew upward through October, highlighting the solid demand that exists for cheeses in this market (See Table 1). Post revised its previous forecast for Japan’s 2011 total cheese consumption and now projects an increase of three percent over the previous year at around 255,000 MT. Likewise, Japan’s total cheese imports for the year are projected to rise by four percent to 207,000 MT, based on by relatively solid household consumption and expanded uses of imported cheeses in the food service, confectionary/snacks, and ready-to- eat dishes. For January – October 2011, Japan’s cheese imports (natural and process combined) were up six percent at 173,804 MT over the same period last year. Although Australia and New Zealand continue to be large stakeholders, strong demand for American cheeses helped the United States take third place in total imports for the period (See Table 9-A). Japan’s annual imports of American cheese will repeat last year’s record and could reach up to the 20,000 MT by the year’s end, an impressive 64 percent rise. According to U.S. Dairy Export Council (USDEC), types of American cheese making inroads into this market are mainly Cheddar and Monterey Jack, which are for shredding after imported in bulk, mainly for use in pizzas. One point of concern in next year’s outlook has been the rise in import prices, which for January through October, has almost reached the 2008 high of US 5,137 dollars/MT (See Table 9-B), which caused a contraction in Japan’s cheese market. Due to this increase in import prices, along with USDEC’s successful promotion efforts, the U.S. share has the potential to grow from four percent in 2008 to 10 percent in this calendar year. 2011’s domestic natural cheese production, on the other hand, is projected to be marginally lower/or almost flat at around 48,000 MT, having been adversely affected by limited availability of fluid milk for cheese manufacturing in Hokkaido. (Note: Roughly 40 percent of the domestically produced natural cheeses are for direct consumption with higher percentage of soft/semi-hard type cheeses.) (Note: The rest is blended with imported natural cheeses under so called “the Zero tariff TRQ category - 69,500 MT allocated for JFY 2011” for manufacturing various types of domestic brand process cheeses). Table 1: Japanese Household Consumption of Milk and Dairy Commodities (Two or more person’s household) Milk Powdered Milk Butter Expenditure Quantity (liter) Expenditure Quantity (gram) Expenditure Quantity (gram) 09 Jan/Dec 16,569 0% 85.05 -1% 832 -4% 451 -5% 841 5% 484 5% 10 Jan/Dec 16,322 -1% 85.41 0% 717 -14% 393 -13% 852 1% 504 4% CY 2011 Expenditure Quantity (liter) Expenditure Quantity (gram) Expenditure Quantity (gram) Jan. 1,161 -7% 6.20 -7% 70 -3% 33 -18% 67 3% 41 17% Feb. 1,122 -7% 6.03 -5% 60 -6% 26 -28% 87 7% 52 13% Mar. 1,246 -4% 6.60 -3% 87 38% 46 59% 83 2% 49 2% Apr. 1,248 -4% 6.37 -3% 50 -2% 27 -10% 70 3% 43 8% May 1,308 -5% 6.69 -2% 47 -13% 27 -7% 68 -3% 41 -5% Jun. 1,289 -9% 6.90 -7% 60 25% 25 25% 63 -6% 37 -5% July 1,421 -3% 7.67 -3% 50 -9% 26 -13% 55 0% 32 -3% Aug. 1,421 -8% 7.34 -11% 53 0% 27 -10% 65 16% 38 12% Sept. 1,353 -8% 7.13 -8% 62 15% 35 35% 67 3% 38 -3% Oct. 1,350 -3% 6.81 -8% 59 -5% 33 -15% 74 -6% 42 -13% 2010 Jan/Oct 13,705 71.93 576 309 687 405 2011 Jan/Oct 12,919 -6% 67.74 -6% 598 4% 305 -1% 699 2% 413 2% Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communication Bureau Cheese Margarine Toast Bread Expenditure Quantity (liter) Expenditure Quantity (gram) Expenditure Quantity (gram) 09 Jan/Dec 4,001 9% 2,395 6% 963 11% 1,387 -3% 8,927 0% 19,911 2% 10 Jan/Dec 4,080 2% 2,588 8% 874 -9% 1,259 -9% 8,572 -4% 19,956 0% CY 2011 Expenditure Quantity (liter) Expenditure Quantity (gram) Expenditure Quantity (gram) Jan. 319 0% 214 5% 66 -10% 93 -10% 666 -3% 1,526 -4% Feb. 332 1% 207 -4% 71 -5% 104 -5% 681 -3% 1,553 -4% Mar. 336 -8% 221 -3% 82 -7% 122 -7% 785 0% 1,771 -4% Apr. 337 -2% 214 -1% 78 3% 105 5% 770 0% 1,692 -5% May 360 6% 231 9% 76 -6% 107 -4% 757 -3% 1,714 -4% Jun. 337 5% 205 1% 70 -1% 95 -12% 716 -3% 1,661 -1% July 323 8% 205 8% 68 5% 101 11% 691 -3% 1,581 -7% Aug. 327 9% 211 7% 69 6% 101 7% 695 5% 1,567 1% Sept. 345 6% 226 10% 71 6% 110 10% 690 3% 1,557 -4% Oct. 353 0% 236 5% 76 6% 104 -4% 733 3% 1,678 0% 2010 Jan/Oct 3,296 1,664 594 848 5,833 13,540 2011 Jan/Oct 3,369 2% 1,708 3% 580 -2% 828 -2% 5,761 -1% 13,065 -4% Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communication Bureau Yogurt Confectionaries Milk Beverages Bacterial Acid Drinks Expenditure Expenditure Expenditure Expenditure 09 Jan/Dec 8,138 4% 80,403 2% 1,200 3,239 10 Jan/Dec 8,446 4% 78,861 -2% 1,229 2% 3,381 4% CY 2011 Expenditure Expenditure Expenditure Expenditure Jan. 648 8% 6,078 -5% 97 15% 223 -2% Feb. 662 9% 6,252 -2% 87 4% 234 4% Mar. 661 -7% 6,634 -8% 100 14% 262 -1% Apr. 693 -5% 6,220 0% 96 3% 258 1% May 783 3% 6,570 -2% 103 -5% 269 1% Jun. 771 1% 5,663 -4% 112 -1% 305 7% July 779 3% 6,333 -1% 118 4% 349 1% Aug. 757 4% 7,250 -4% 124 5% 329 -1% Sept. 756 2% 5,782 0% 112 4% 289 -8% Oct. 761 5% 5,835 -2% 117 6% 301 -1% 2010 Jan/Oct 7,108 64,552 1,020 2,820 2011 Jan/Oct 7,271 2% 62,617 -3% 1,066 5% 2,819 0% Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communication Bureau Table 2: Government Subsidy Payments and Eligible Fluid Milk Quota for Processing Use Unit Subsidy Payment Eligible Volume Yen/Kg. Type Million MT JFY2000 10.30 deficiency payment 2.40 JFY2001 10.30 direct payment 2.27 JFY2002 11.00 direct payment 2.20 JFY2003 10.74 direct payment 2.10 JFY2004 10.52 direct payment 2.10 JFY2005 10.40 direct payment 2.05 JFY2006 10.40 direct payment 2.03 JFY2007 10.55 direct payment 1.98 JFY 2008 11.55 direct payment 1.95 JFY 2008 (Revised) 11.85 direct payment 1.95 JFY 2009 11.85 direct payment 1.95 JFY 2010 11.85 direct payment 1.85 JFY 2011 11.95 direct payment 1.85 Source: ALIC Monthly Table 3: Japanese Utilization of Fluid Milk for Drinking Milk Products Unit: 1,000 Kilo Liters 2008 2009 2010 % Chg. 2010 2011 % Chg. Jan/Dec Jan/Dec Jan/Dec Jan/Dec Jan/Sept Jan/Sept Total Drinking Milk Products 3,951 3,804 3747 -2% 2,811 2737 -3% Regular Milk 3,509 3,180 3,069 -3% 2,297 2,289 0% Processed Milk 442 625 678 9% 514 449 -13% Milk Beverages 1,241 1,180 1,210 3% 914 958 5% Fermented Milk 813 821 841 2% 638 630 -1% Lactic Acid Bacteria Drinks 179 199 184 -7% 144 138 -4% Note: Processed Milk: low fat, high fat, vitamin and mineral fortified, calcium enriched Milk Beverages: flavored milk (coffee and fruits flavored) Fermented Milk: Yogurt etc. Source: MAFF/ALIC Monthly Table 4: Japanese Production of Dairy Commodities Unit: Metric Ton 2008 2009 2010 % Chg. 2010 2011 % Chg. Jan/Dec Jan/Dec Jan/Dec Jan/Dec Jan/Sept Jan/Sept Butter 71,698 80,998 73,621 -9% 58,715 48,651 -17% Cream 107,535 104,898 107,441 2% 76,603 79,963 4% Whole Milk Powder 13,543 12,565 13,250 5% 10,291 11,605 13% Prepared Milk Powder 30,197 34,914 32,942 -6% 24,558 22,914 -7% Skim Milk Powder (NFDM) 158,179 167,256 155,625 -7% 120,666 102,920 -15% Ice Cream (Unit: kilo liter) 126,179 128,614 130,589 2% 100,597 104,009 3% Source: MAFF/ALIC Monthly Table 5: Japanese Imports of Non Fat Dry Milk Unit: Metric Ton 2008 2009 2010 % Chg. 2010 2011 % Chg. Jan/Dec Jan/Dec Jan/Dec Jan/Dec Jan/Sept Jan/Sept For School Lunch Program 2,258 2,109 1,983 -6% 1,512 1,458 -4% For Feeds 27,028 22,143 24,909 12% 18,501 16,501 -11% For Other Use (TRQ, current access and others) 2,940 10,082 3,292 -67% 2,612 2,528 -3% Total NFDM Imports 32,226 34,333 30,184 -12% 22,625 20,487 -9% Source: ALIC Monthly Table 6: Monthly Ending Stocks of Butter and NFDM Unit: 1,000 Metric Ton Butter 2007 2008 % Chg. 2009 % Chg. 2010 % Chg. 2011 % Chg. Jan 24.1 19.7 -18% 25.4 29% 32.6 29% 22.6 -31% Feb 23.6 19.4 -18% 26.7 38% 32.8 23% 21.1 -36% Mar 23.2 19.4 -16% 28.1 45% 32.6 16% 20.6 -37% Apr 23.1 19.9 -14% 29.6 49% 32.5 10% 21.3 -34% May 23.8 21.2 -11% 32.3 52% 34.1 6% 22.8 -33% Jun 24.4 21.1 -13% 33.8 59% 34.5 2% 22.7 -34% July 23.7 20.7 -13% 34.0 64% 33.9 0% 21.8 -36% Aug 23.6 22.9 -3% 35.0 53% 33.1 -6% 23.0 -31% Sept 20.3 22.4 10% 34.3 53% 30.0 -12% 21.8 -27% Oct 18.8 21.9 17% 32.9 50% 27.3 -17% 20.3 -26% Nov 16.4 22.3 36% 31.3 40% 24.4 -22% Dec 15.8 22.5 42% 29.6 32% 21.0 -29% NFDM 2007 2008 % Chg. 2009 % Chg. 2010 % Chg. 2011 % Chg. Jan 68.8 41.5 -40% 36.1 -13% 65.1 80% 60.7 -7% Feb 69.2 42.6 -38% 38.7 -9% 67.7 75% 60.6 -10% Mar 68.3 42.8 -37% 43.1 1% 69.7 62% 58.7 -16% Apr 68.9 43.4 -37% 49.5 14% 71.8 45% 58.2 -19% May 69.1 43.3 -37% 55.1 27% 74.8 36% 58.2 -22% Jun 65.3 42.1 -36% 55.8 33% 74.5 34% 54.7 -27% July 59.7 38.4 -36% 54.5 42% 71.3 31% 50.3 -29% Aug 53.9 35.0 -35% 55.0 57% 68.6 25% 47.1 -31% Sept 46.0 29.9 -35% 53.6 79% 61.4 15% 42.9 -30% Oct 40.3 27.6 -32% 52.9 92% 57.6 9% 40.4 -30% Nov 36.7 27.2 -26% 53.8 98% 56.3 5% Dec 38.1 30.5 -20% 58.3 91% 57.4 -2% Source: ALIC Monthly Table 7: Average Wholesale Price of Dairy Products for Bulk Users Unit: Yen per Kg. Butter 2008 2009 % Chg. 2010 % Chg. 2011 % Chg. Jan 984 1,164 18% 1,081 -7% 1,062 -2% Feb 995 1,176 18% 1,073 -9% 1,057 -1% Mar 1,016 1,177 16% 1,074 -9% 1,065 -1% Apr 1,060 1,178 11% 1,060 -10% 1,069 1% May 1,074 1,173 9% 1,057 -10% 1,077 2% Jun 1,091 1,158 6% 1,051 -9% 1,087 3% July 1,124 1,164 4% 1,049 -10% 1,094 4% Aug 1,136 1,131 0% 1,049 -7% 1,110 6% Sept 1,143 1,114 -3% 1,050 -6% 1,120 7% Oct 1,154 1,102 -5% 1,050 -5% 1,129 8% Nov 1,162 1,085 -7% 1,050 -3% Dec 1,163 1,086 -7% 1,051 -3% Unit: Yen 25 per Kg. NFDM 2008 2009 % Chg. 2010 % Chg. 2011 % Chg. Jan 13,300 14,994 13% 14,981 0% 14,564 -3% Feb 13,327 15,033 13% 14,955 -1% 14,512 -3% Mar 13,505 15,160 12% 14,957 -1% 14,515 -3% Apr 14,096 15,226 8% 14,922 -2% 14,584 -2% May 14,311 15,254 7% 14,884 -2% 14,641 -2% Jun 14,646 15,241 4% 14,751 -3% 14,701 0% July 14,697 15,172 3% 14,656 -3% 14,736 1% Aug 14,769 15,030 2% 14,610 -3% 14,864 2% Sept 14,831 14,949 1% 14,593 -2% 14,987 3% Oct 14,951 14,943 0% 14,568 -3% 15,085 4% Nov 14,953 14,931 0% 14,571 -2% Dec 14,982 15,005 0% 14,574 -3% Source: ALIC Monthly Table 8-A: Japanese Imports of Butter Annual Series: 2006 - 2010, Year To Date: 10/2010 & 10/2011 Quantity (Metric Ton/Customs Clearance Basis) Calendar Year Year To Date Partner Country Unit 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 10/09 % Chg. 2010 Share 10/2010 10/2011 %Chg. World MT 3,914 11,384 18,153 333 2,032 510% 100% 1,866 12,798 586% Netherlands MT 1,730 6,152 2,412 0 860 n/a 42% 860 1,788 108% New Zealand MT 312 144 3,149 143 474 231% 23% 457 4,421 867% Australia MT 1,217 2,002 4,080 87 269 209% 13% 162 646 299% United States MT 6 5 7,062 26 173 565% 9% 149 5,014 3265% France MT 96 139 241 70 136 94% 7% 119 222 87% Germany MT 100 1,720 613 2 111 5450% 5% 111 702 532% Others MT 453 1,222 596 5 9 80% 0% 8 5 -38% Source: Global Trade Atlas (Japan Customs) Table 8-B: Average C&F Price of Imported Butter Annual Series: 2006 - 2010, Year To Date: 10/2010 & 10/2011 Unit Value(United States Dollars) Calendar Year Year To Date Partner Country Unit 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 10/09 % Chg. 10/2010 10/2011 %Change World per MT 2,863 3,724 4,192 6,199 4,766 -23% 4,674 5,599 20% Italy per MT 16,800 73,131 42,530 17,564 14,940 -15% 14,804 21,872 48% France per MT 10,986 11,649 10,175 15,556 10,660 -31% 10,145 9,743 -4% Belgium per MT 2,811 2,676 8,580 0 7,304 n/a 7,304 0 n/a Denmark per MT 2,665 3,778 4,519 5,675 5,770 2% 5,770 6,884 19% Australia per MT 2,623 2,985 3,992 4,914 4,825 -2% 4,674 5,430 16% Netherlands per MT 2,727 3,786 4,813 0 4,384 n/a 4,384 6,135 40% United States per MT 5,411 5,543 3,797 5,162 4,351 -16% 4,401 5,534 26% Germany per MT 2,695 4,116 4,940 16,605 4,276 -74% 4,276 6,379 49% New Zealand per MT 2,279 2,336 4,191 2,443 3,941 61% 3,925 5,144 31% Source: Global Trade Atlas (Japan Customs) Table 9-A: Japanese Imports of Cheese YTD Annual Series: 2006 - 2010, Year To Date: 10/2010 & 10/2011 Quantity (Metric Ton/Customs Clearance Basis) Calendar Year Year To Date Partner Unit 10/09 % 2010 Country 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 10/2010 10/2011 %Change Chg. Share World MT 207,420 225,081 186,503 184,242 199,080 8% 100% 163,276 173,804 6% Australia MT 87,643 97,029 87,487 84,059 85,120 1% 43% 69,691 72,364 4% New Zealand MT 57,304 65,259 50,630 49,751 52,098 5% 26% 42,454 45,723 8% United States MT 4,904 6,834 7,339 6,885 13,672 99% 7% 10,626 17,451 64% Germany MT 11,402 10,881 9,015 10,185 11,203 10% 6% 9,832 7,381 -25% France MT 8,020 7,521 7,051 7,141 8,150 14% 4% 6,795 7,343 8% Denmark MT 9,836 9,192 7,783 8,156 7,769 -5% 4% 6,432 6,871 7% Netherlands MT 8,487 7,663 5,656 5,626 6,605 17% 3% 5,522 5,212 -6% Italy MT 5,661 6,495 5,535 5,915 6,241 6% 3% 5,175 5,236 1% Argentina MT 5,084 8,885 3,768 4,239 4,248 0% 2% 3,594 3,240 -10% Others MT 9,079 5,322 2,239 2,285 3,974 74% 2% 3,155 2,983 -5% Source: Global Trade Atlas (Japan Customs) Table 9-B: Average C&F Price of Imported Cheeses Annual Series: 2006 - 2010, Year To Date: 10/2010 & 10/2011 Unit Value(United States Dollars) Calendar Year Year To Date Partner Country Unit 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 10/2010 10/2011 %Change World Per MT 3,484 3,739 5,388 4,414 4,712 4,659 5,137 10% Italy Per MT 8,877 9,822 11,531 10,219 10,159 9,992 11,677 17% France Per MT 7,302 7,671 9,257 9,371 9,617 9,401 9,908 5% Denmark Per MT 4,740 5,223 7,032 6,347 6,583 6,571 7,254 10% United States Per MT 6,914 6,338 7,297 7,129 5,549 5,616 5,190 -8% Netherlands Per MT 3,772 4,265 5,789 4,416 4,424 4,286 5,223 22% New Zealand Per MT 2,848 3,125 4,849 3,746 4,179 4,118 4,493 9% Australia Per MT 2,898 3,099 4,675 3,649 4,012 3,978 4,409 11% Germany Per MT 3,146 3,681 4,939 3,703 3,826 3,755 4,595 22% Ireland Per MT 2,928 3,314 5,033 4,561 3,732 3,625 4,398 21% Argentina Per MT 2,829 2,962 4,747 3,137 3,663 3,606 4,208 17% Source: Global Trade Atlas (Japan Customs) Table 10: Japanese Dairy Herd Inventory Total Number of Total Number of Dairy Herd Total Cow Replacement Dairy Farms (Total Cow + (A) + (B) Cows in Milk (A) Cows in Dry (B) Heifers Heifer) 1,000 % 1,000 % 1,000 % 1,000 % 1,000 % farms % Chg. heads Chg. heads Chg. heads Chg. heads Chg. heads Chg. Feb.1995 44,300 -6.9% 1,951 -3.3% 1,213 -2.7% 1,034 -1.7% 179 -8.1% 739 -4.3% Feb.1996 41,600 -6.1% 1,927 -1.2% 1,211 -0.2% 1,035 0.1% 176 -1.6% 717 -3.0% Feb.1997 39,400 -5.3% 1,899 -1.5% 1,205 -0.5% 1,032 -0.3% 173 -1.8% 694 -3.2% Feb.1998 37,400 -5.1% 1,860 -2.1% 1,190 -1.2% 1,022 -1.0% 168 -2.6% 670 -3.5% Feb.1999 35,400 -5.3% 1,816 -2.4% 1,171 -1.6% 1,008 -1.4% 164 -2.7% 645 -3.7% Feb.2000 33,600 -5.1% 1,764 -2.9% 1,150 -1.8% 992 -1.6% 158 -3.4% 615 -4.7% Feb.2001 32,200 -4.2% 1,725 -2.2% 1,124 -2.3% 971 -2.1% 153 -3.0% 601 -2.2% Feb.2002 31,000 -3.7% 1,726 0.1% 1,126 0.2% 966 -0.5% 160 4.7% 599 -0.2% Feb.2003 29,800 -3.9% 1,719 -0.4% 1,120 -0.5% 964 -0.2% 156 -2.7% 599 -0.1% Feb.2004 28,800 -3.4% 1,690 -1.7% 1,088 -2.9% 936 -2.9% 152 -2.6% 603 0.7% Feb.2005 27,700 -3.8% 1,655 -2.1% 1,055 -3.0% 910 -2.7% 145 -4.7% 600 -0.4% Feb.2006 26,600 -4.0% 1,635 -1.2% 1,046 -0.9% 900 -1.1% 146 0.8% 589 -1.8% Feb.2007 25,400 -4.5% 1,592 -2.6% 1,011 -3.3% 871 -3.2% 140 -4.1% 581 -1.4% Feb.2008 24,400 -3.9% 1,533 -3.7% 998 -1.3% 862 -1.1% 137 -2.4% 535 -8.0% Feb.2009 23,100 -5.3% 1,500 -2.2% 985 -1.3% 848 -1.6% 137 0.4% 515 -3.7% Feb.2010 21,900 -5.2% 1,484 -1.1% 964 -2.2% 830 -2.1% 134 -2.3% 520 1.0% Feb.2011 21,000 -4.1% 1,467 -1.1% 932 -3.3% 805 -3.0% 128 -4.3% 534 2.8% Source: Livestock Statistics, MAFF
Posted: 30 January 2012

See more from Dairy Products in Japan

Expert Views    
Dairy and Products Semi-annual   By Foreign Agricultural Service
Dairy and Products Annual 2012   By Foreign Agricultural Service
Dairy and Products Semi-annual 2011   By Foreign Agricultural Service
Dairy and Products Annual   By Foreign Agricultural Service
Hot Tips    
Japan Dairy and Products Semi-Annual Report 2009   By Foreign Agricultural Service