This report covers updates to Jordan's food and agricultural import regulations and standards.
THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY
USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT
Required Report - public distribution
GAIN Report Number: JO1106
Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards -
FAIRS Country Report
This report covers updates to Jordan's food and agricultural import regulations and standards.
Section I. Food Laws:
Jordan has been a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) since 2000. The accession to membership coincided
with structural reforms, economic and legislative, designed to match international standards and requirements. As a result,
the current food control regime in Jordan falls under two laws: The Agriculture Law No. 44 of 2002 and Jordanian Food
Control Law No. 32 of 2003. These laws were adopted at the Aqaba Special Economic Customs Center in May 2002 and at
Amman Customs Center in January 2004.
Inspection criteria are codified into a computerized system. This system has been applied at all border centers should the
infrastructure for these centers is completed. A border committee comprised of representatives from the following agencies
inspects imported agricultural and food products:
The Jordan Food and Drug Administration (JFDA: www.jfda.jo),
Ministry of Agriculture (MoA: www.moa.gov.jo),
Customs department (JCD:www.customs.gov.jo).
The Jordan Institute for Standards and Metrology (JISM www.jism.gov.jo), has recently confined its role on food by only
regulation and standards leaving testing and decision process to JFDA. Food products are classified in three tiers according
to the associated health risk. The criteria and the levels of inspection are based on three categories: high, medium and low
High-risk products 80 – 100 percent inspection
Medium risk products 25 – 50 percent inspection
Low risk products 5 – 10 percent inspection
In all cases a document review is mandatory regardless of the category or level of inspection.
Importers are required to insure safety for any human health hazards associated with trade in a form of microbial, parasitical
and fungal contamination. Import consignments are routinely tested for radiation levels and chemical contaminants,
including heavy metals, hormones and residue from medicines. Food additives are determined by testing. Less frequent
testing is done for pesticide residues.
Importers of drugs, including vaccines and sera for human use, are required to meet Ministry of Health’s technical
regulations. Importers of veterinary medicines, sera, vaccines, pesticides, meat, fertilizer, animal feed, and seedlings are
require to meet Ministry of Agriculture technical regulations. A committee comprising officials from the Ministry of Health,
the Ministry of Agriculture and the customs department carry out inspections of food and agriculture products at the border.
Jordan applies internationally recognized standards when these are available.
Section II. Labeling Requirements:
A. Labeling requirements are set by the Institute of Standards and Metrology.
Legal requirements for labeling are fairly standard although a statement of ingredients in order of prevalence is not required.
All labels must either be in Arabic or have a stick-on label in Arabic. In general, the label should contain the name of the
product, the manufacturer’s name and address, net weight, fortifying matter (like added vitamins and minerals), lot number
and “use before” or “best before” date. Local labeling requirements do not include Recommended Daily Intake (RDIs).
The law holds an importer fully accountable for shipment label contents. A shipment might be rejected based on ambiguous
labeling content even if it is only a printing error.
Shelf life: This requirement was replaced by the -“Best Before”- standard, but a technical regulation issued by JISM does
interpret “Best before” as expiry date, no food is permitted for sale if it’s best before due.
B. Nutritional labeling is mandatory in certain categories of food including infant formula, food for dietary use, etc.
Section III. Packaging and Container Regulations:
No specific restrictions are applied to the type of packaging used. No restrictions are applied to either packaging or container
type at the Port of Aqaba (Aqaba Special Economic Zone Authority http://www.aqabazone.com). However, a maximum
weight restriction of 30.5 tons is applied to the discharging of the container at the gantry crane of 30.5 tons. Units weighing
more than 30.5 tons will be discharged using shore cranes.
There is no special municipal waste disposal law at the port. In case cargo needs to be disposed of, an application is filed at
the concerned department at the port (i.e. customs, environment), and the request is approved or rejected according to the
type of cargo and its expected damage to the environment (Ministry of Environment http://www.moenv.gov.jo).
Section IV. Food Additives Regulations:
Food additives are regulated by JISM and JFDA. In general, permissible additives and their concentrations are those
approved by the Codex Alimentarius Commission. However, the technical standards for foods contain specific lists for food
additive and their permissible levels of use. These standards should be consulted to make sure that additives are permitted.
Section V. Pesticides and Other Contaminants:
Pesticides in Jordan are regulated by Ministry of Agriculture (MoA www.moa.gov.jo), Plant Protection Directorate/
Pesticides Division. Each imported pesticide shall be analyzed for conformity in composition and concentration, using the
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) standards if it is an agricultural pesticide, and using the
World Health Organization (WHO) if it is a pesticide used for public health (Like Cockroach sprays, mosquito repellant,
Pesticides residue in the food chain in Jordan is a sensitive issue. There is only one laboratory in Jordan that is capable of
testing for pesticide residues in fresh fruits and vegetables, and its turn-around time is about two weeks. Therefore, it is not
possible to test fresh products and get a result before the fresh products are consumed. However, non-perishable local and
imported agricultural products may be tested for pesticide residue. The technical standards for food and agricultural products
require that a pesticide residue does not exceed the recommended maximum residue levels of the Codex Alimentarius
Section VI. Other Regulations and Requirements:
Any imported agricultural or food product may be inspected and tested to ensure that it is fit for human consumption.
Virtually all prepared and mixed foods are tested at the border.
The JFDA has the authority to inspect food products at the retail and wholesale distribution levels. A representative may
enter any place and collect samples for testing. If a product fails to meet technical requirements or is found unfit for human
consumption, it is removed from distribution channels and destroyed.
Section VII. Other Specific Standards:
Jordan Institution for Standards and Metrology (JISM) is the official body for the preparation and publication of Jordanian
Standards. The main tasks of JISM are to (i) prepare, approve, revise and amend Jordanian mandatory or voluntary
standards and monitor their application; (ii) maintain a national system for metrology and supervise its implementation; (iii)
approve quality marks and certificates of conformity; (v) adopt and approve standards of other countries and of Arab,
regional and international organizations, provided that such standards were issued in Arabic or English; and (vi) to cooperate
and coordinate with Arab, regional and international institutions in the area of standardization and metrology. JISM is a
participating member of the Arab Organization for Industrial Development and Mining (AIDMO), a corresponding member
of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), a corresponding member of the International Organization for
Legal Metrology (OIML), and a contact point for the Codex Alimentarius Commission.
All imported foods should conform to the Jordanian standards issued by JISM. All agricultural products may be imported by
the private sector (wheat and barley has a unique situation that GoJ is the monopolistic buyer who sell to farmers at
asubsidized price make it hard for competition by private sector) if the products meet local quality standards, which are set
by JISM on the basis of the Codex Alimentarius (http://www.codexalimentarius.net, www.jism.gov.jo). In 2003, JISM
instituted a pre-shipment inspection program, which is entirely voluntary for food importers. Import licenses are not required
for most imported goods. Some products require prior approval from either the Ministry of Agriculture or the Ministry of
Industry and Trade. Agricultural products for which prior approval is required from the Ministry of Agriculture are live
animals, fresh, chilled and frozen meat, frozen animal semen, and powdered milk for adults and children.
Ministry of Agriculture requires a prior approval as a condition to ensure that the animals and animal products meet local
health standards issued by JISM. Importation of rice, sugar, and wheat derivatives has been liberalized. The private sector
may import these items into Jordan; Government of Jordan has relief all these items from customs duties and taxes to ease
the economic hardship on consumers, still it the product has to meet local quality standards. Alcoholic beverages may be
imported into Jordan, but high tariffs are applied (50-200 percent) – as a revenue source for the government.
Section VIII. Copyright and/or Trademark Laws:
The legal system facilitates and protects the acquisition and disposition of all property rights.
Prior to its accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO), Jordan passed several new laws to improve the protection of
intellectual property rights (IPR), patents, copyrights and trademarks. TRIPS (Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property
Rights)-consistent laws now protect trade secrets, plant varieties and semiconductor chip designs. The law requires
registration of copyrights, patents and trademarks. Copyrights must be registered at the National Library, a part of the
Ministry of Culture. Patents must be registered with the Registrar of Patents and Trademarks at the Ministry of Industry and
Trade. Jordan is in the process of acceding to the Patent Cooperation Treaty and to the protocol relating to the Madrid
Agreement Concerning the registration of marks, GoJ is preparing appropriate adjustments to fit the international
Jordan has been a full member of World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) since May 24, 2004, and a full member
of Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV), since October 24, 2004. So far 10 varieties have been
registered by the office, one Jordanian and 9 American varieties.
Section IX. Import Procedures:
As a member of the WTO, Jordan must reduce its import tariff ceiling to 20 percent. Under the terms of the U.S.-Jordan
Free Trade Agreement (FTA), import duties and other trade barriers between Jordan and the United States must be phased
out by 2010, with tariffs less than 5 percent having already been eliminated. Companies operating in the Qualifying
Industrial Zones (QIZs) gain quota and duty-free access to the U.S. market and benefit from special import provisions for
raw inputs. (http://www.justrade.jo/). See also (WWW.CUSTOMS.GOV.JO).
The customs law of 1999 was amended in March 2000 to include GATT-compliant criteria for customs valuation (which is
based on certified invoices) and to make the valuation process more transparent. The law restricts customs officers’ mandate
to use arbitrary valuation but still rewards those who uncover invoice misreporting and imposes penalties on importers.
The customs valuation price is CIF-based. The value of the imported good is converted into JD at the official central bank
exchange rate (1 JD = USD 1.41). In some cases, invoice or export discounts have been included in the valuation by the
customs department. Still, the exporter should consult the local importer to determine how to best grant any such discounts
or rebates (www.customs.gov.jo).
IMPORT TAXES AND OTHER RELATED FEES:
Custom tariffs are based on the Harmonized System coding practice. Under the terms of the U.S.-Jordan Free Trade
Agreement (FTA), the majority of tariffs are to be phased out over a 10-year period (year one being 2001.) The tariff
schedule may be accessed at the following web site: (www.customs.gov.jo).
Imported products and locally produced goods are subject to a 16 percent value-added tax (VAT).
The VAT on imported products is based on the cost, insurance, and freight (CIF) value at the border. Goods such as
pharmaceutical products and agricultural goods are exempt from the 16 percent sales tax. There is a special sales tax that
applies to specific items such as, but not limited to, vehicles, tobacco products, alcoholic beverages and lubricants. The tax
rate on these items varies. Tobacco products and alcoholic beverages are subject to a 13 percent general sales tax in addition
to the special sales tax. Non-basic foodstuffs are subject to a 4 percent general sales tax. For a complete description of these
commodities and detailed lists of the general and special sales tax, please visit Jordan’s General Sales Tax Department’s
website at www.gst.gov.jo.
Import licenses are required for imports of:
- Non-commercial shipments exceeding JD 2,000 in value
- Biscuits of all types
- Mineral water
- Dried milk for industry
Items requiring prior clearance from specific authorities (for a complete list, see “special import provisions”
Goods entering the country under temporary entry status, bonded goods and goods benefiting from the investment promotion
law are exempt from import licenses (refer to www.jordaninvestment.com).
All Jordanian and foreign trading companies must obtain an importer’s card from the Ministry of Industry and Trade for
customs clearance purposes. At the Ministry, a complete and updated list of all import requirements and provisions is
periodically issued. For non-trading entities such as banks, hospitals and hotels, the ministry issues a special, “limited” card
that allows the import of goods specific to that entity’s purpose.
Import / Export Documentation
According to Article 31 of the Customs Law of 1998 and its amendments, every customs declaration must include the
- Maritime or air bill of lading.
Commercial invoice indicating value, weight, freight and insurance charges etc.
All invoices should be notarized by the Jordanian diplomatic mission in the country of origin. Certification by the
local chamber of commerce is sufficient, subject to the approval of the customs department director, in cases where
a Jordanian consulate is not available.
- A notarized certificate of origin issued by the relevant authority in the exporter's local area.
- Value declaration form for shipments exceeding JD 2,000 (USD 2,820).
The customs department may request other documents related to the shipment as needed.
All invoices should describe the imported goods in Arabic.
Jordan Customs developed and launched the Customs Integrated Tariff System (CITS) in Aug/2005; Web site:
http://www.customs.gov.jo to assist importers. Importers can use this system to obtain import tariffs, import conditions and
commodity trade agreements. For example, to determine custom tariffs for apples imported from the United States in June
under Jordan–US FTA agreement, log into the CITS system for information pertaining to commodity trade, customs and
tariff and commercial agreements as well as the governmental requirements for these commodities from the ministries and
departments. The information in the June apples example will show that trade between USA and Jordan enjoy preferential
treatment of lower customs tariff in June, while in July importers must pay extra advalorim fee (this measure is to protect
local production), and approval of Ministry of Agriculture is required to import apples.
The (CITS) System allows an importer to review all regulations and requirements of the commodity’s trade; all (CITS)
system information is in Arabic and English.
The (CITS) system provides information on the trade activity and mechanisms for searching for goods through the Customs
Tariff Tables, trade agreements, coding decisions, proclamations, circulations and requirements related to the Customs Tariff
Special Import Provisions
Pre-import clearance is required for certain goods. The clearance, once obtained, acts as an import license. However, these
clearances are not automatic.
The relevant pre-import license-issuing agency and the respective goods include:
Ministry of Industry and Trade (these are given out in the form of import licenses): rice, flour and its by-products, sugar,
wheat, barely and corn;
Ministry of Agriculture: frozen animal semen, live animals, fresh/frozen meat, embalmed wild animals, imported milk
products from countries engaged in bilateral trade protocols with Jordan;
Ministry of Health: all types of medical drugs and antibiotics, food supplements for athletes, potassium bromide, food dyes,
frozen ice cream, baby food and mil.
If a shipment is rejected, there is an appeal system and this is subject to the approval of the ministry under which the
rejection took place.
Appendix I. Government Regulatory Agency Contacts:
Jordan Food & Drug Directorate
Tel: (962-6) 4612663
Fax: (962-6) 4612663
Ministry of Industry and Trade
Tel: (962-6) 560-7191/5663774
Fax: (962-6) 560-4691
Ministry of Agriculture
Veterinary Services Directorate
Plant Protection Directorate
Tel: (962-6) 5686151
Fax: (962-6) 5686310
Jordan Institute of Standards and Metrology
Tel: (962-6) 5680139
Fax: (962-6) 5681099
Jordan Customs Department
P.O.Box 90, Amman, Jordan
Tel: (962-6) 462-3186/8; 462-4394/6
Fax: (962-6) 464-7791
Ministry of Environment
Tel: + (962-6) 5560113
Fax: + (962-6) 5560288
Aqaba Special Economic Zone Authority
P.O.Box 2565, Aqaba 77110, Jordan
Tel: + (962-6) 3 203 5757/8
Fax: + (962-6) 3 203 0912
Appendix II. Other Import Specialist Contacts:
For further help, please contact the Office of Agricultural Affairs, American Embassy, PO Box 354, Amman, Jordan, Phone:
+(962-6) 5906056, Fax: +(962-6) 5906223, E-Mail: AgAmman@fas.usda.gov - Mohamed.firstname.lastname@example.org-
work week: Sunday-Thursday, GMT+2, Washington + 7