Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards

An Expert's View about Agriculture and Animal Husbandry in Jordan

Posted on: 30 Jan 2012

This report covers updates to Jordan's food and agricultural import regulations and standards.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 12/26/2011 GAIN Report Number: JO1106 Jordan Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards - Certification FAIRS Export Certificate Report Approved By: Anita Katial Prepared By: Mohamed Khraishy Report Highlights: This report covers updates to Jordan's food and agricultural import regulations and standards. Section I. List of All Export Certificates Required By Government (Matrix) : Ministry of Agriculture (MOA), Jordan Institute of Standards and Metrology (JISM), Jordan Food and Drug Administration (JFDA), Customs Authority (CA), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Food Safety Inspection Service (FSIS), Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Product(s) Title of Certificate Attestation Purpose Requesting Required on Ministry Certificate Powder Milk Country of origin US Custom Valuation, CA certificate (COOC). Government Health, Risk control Or Chamber of Commerce Sanitary and Phyto USDA-FSIS or Human Health JFDA Sanitary (SPS) APHIS Veterinary Animal Health Certificate (VAHC). Fitness for Human FDA or USDA- Human Health JFDA Consumption FSIS Certificate.(FHCC) Product Validity for FDA or USDA- Human Health JFDA Consumption in the FSIS Country of Origin.(PVCCOOC) Flavored COOC, VAHC, FHCC, FDA or USDA- Human Health JFDA, CA Milk PVCCOOC, Approved FSIS flavor and/or coloring material. Bovine Meat COOC US Custom Valuation, CA Government Health, Risk control Or Chamber of Commerce SPS-VAHC USDA-FSIS Free from infectious MOA and contagious diseases- food safety Halal certificate (HC) Supplier/ Verification MOA Manufacturer that slaughter conforms to Islamic traditions. Food quality and consumer protection. Processed COOC US Custom Valuation, MOA, JFDA, meat Government Health, Risk control CA Or Chamber of commerce SPS-VAHC USDA-FSIS Free from infectious MOA and contagious diseases. Food safety. HC Supplier/ Verification that MOA Manufacturer slaughter conforms to Islamic traditions. Food quality and consumer protection. Poultry COOC US Custom Valuation, CA meat Government Health, Risk control Or Chamber of commerce HC Supplier/ Verification that MOA Manufacturer slaughter conforms to Islamic traditions. Food quality and consumer protection. VAHC FSIS MOA Pisces (Fish COOC US Custom Valuation, CA and sea Government Health, Risk fruits) Or Chamber of control. Frozen and commerce or VAHC Department of Health, Risk MoA Processed Commerce control. Cheese COOC US Custom Valuation, CA Government Health, Risk Or Chamber of control. commerce SPS-VAHC USDA- APHIS Free from infectious MOA, JFDA and contagious diseases. Food safety. Hazard Analysis and Accredited by Food quality. JFDA Critical Control Point FDA, USDA- (HACCP)-only first APHIS time Honey COOC US Custom Valuation, CA Government Health, Risk Or Chamber of control. Commerce FDA, USDA Food safety. MOA, JFDA Residues free APHIS certificate Fresh fruits COOC US Custom Valuation, CA and Government Health, Risk Vegetables Or Chamber of control. commerce Quarantine pests free USDA-APHIS Plant health. MOA Sanitary and Phyto Sanitary certificate SPS These requirements are for any consignment coming directly from the U.S. to Jordan, or transshipped in a sealed container with invoices state clearly the final destination is Jordan. If the consignment is destine to a third country and /or the container has been unsealed on a third country then more requirements is needed that might include but not limited to the requirements for that third country. Jordan Institute of Standards and Metrology Organization(JISMO)has limited its mandate to issue the regulation and forward the rest to JFDA . Section II. Purpose of Specific Export Certificate(s) According to Article 31 of the Customs Law of 1998 and its amendments, every customs declaration must include the following: Maritime or air bill of lading. Commercial invoice indicating value, weight, freight and insurance charges etc. All invoices should be notarized by the Jordanian diplomatic mission in the country of origin. Certification by the local chamber of commerce is sufficient, subject to the approval of the customs department director, in cases where a Jordanian consulate is not available. A notarized certificate of origin issued by the relevant authority in the exporter's local area. Value declaration form for shipments exceeding JD 2,000 (USD 2,820). The customs department may request other documents related to the shipment as needed. All unprocessed agricultural products are by law under the mandate of Ministry of Agriculture while processed food is under the Jordan Food and Drug Administration (JFDA). A USDA FSIS certificate is necessary for meat products including poultry products to cover the requirement (veterinary and sanitary certificate). Al animal origin meat shall be accompanied with a Halal certificate to indicate the slaughter process has observed Islamic traditions. This general requirement is to satisfy religious requirements of the consumers’ beliefs. Section III. Specific Attestations Required on Export Certificate(s) All food consignments received at Jordan’s border points for clearance shall be accompanied with relevant documents as follows: Raw plant material food shall be accompanied with: A USDA APHIS Sanitary and Phyto Sanitary certificate. A vessel inspection certificate for the preparedness and ability to transport cereals. Vegetable oils shall be accompanied with: A certificate of preparedness to haul edible oils; A certificate declaring the type of metal used in the tank’s lining; A certificate declaring the type of paint used for lining; and, A certificate with a list of materials carried by the vessel for the last three trips prior to current one. Section IV. Government Certificate’s Legal Entry Requirements The Ministry of Agriculture requires a prior approval as a condition to ensure that the animals and animal products meet local health standards issued by JISMO. Importation of rice, sugar, and wheat derivatives has been liberalized. The private sector may import these items into Jordan. if the product meets local quality standards. Alcoholic beverages may be imported into Jordan, but high tariffs are applied as a revenue source for the government. Usually when importing meats, fruits, fish and vegetables, a prior license of import should have been issued by the relevant authority. In this case Ministry of Agriculture issues an import license to the trader upon request and indicates the time validity of the license, which is usually three months unless otherwise mentioned. For transit shipment to a third country the license validity is usually two months except for chilled meat it is valid for one month. The original certificate does not need to accompany the product at the time of entry, instead a photocopy or fax copy would be considered temporarily enough, especially with perishables like meat and fruits consignments. The customs authority releases the consignment under bail, or any acceptable form of securities until the original certificate has been submitted, The importer can import his shipment to Jordan on a multiple bases using the same import license either until the license expiration date or the quantity is fulfilled. Jordan customs authority accepts U.S. state-issued export certificates, it also accepts suppliers’ or manufacturers’ export declarations as proof of compliance but retain the right to investigate it at any moment without the need to justify. Whenever there is a suspicion in any U.S. issued certificate, GOJ authorities pass it to the U.S. embassy in Amman to consult USG about the authenticity of such certificate. In the case there is a fraudulent certificate, the whole shipment will be rejected. Section V. Other Certification/Accreditation Requirements Jordan Customs developed and launched the Customs Integrated Tariff System (CITS) in Aug/2005 to assist importers. Web site: http://www.customs.gov.jo Importers can use this system to monitor commodity tariffs, import conditions and commodity trade agreements. The CITS system allows an importer to review all regulations and requirements of the commodity trade; all CITS system information is in Arabic and English. All imported foods should conform to the Jordanian standards issued by JISMO. All agricultural products may be imported by the private sector, if the products meet local quality standards, which are set by JISM on the basis of the Codex Alimentarius (http://www.codexalimentarius.net, www.jism.gov.jo). In 2003, JISM instituted a pre-shipment inspection program, which is entirely voluntary for food importers. Import licenses are not required for most imported goods. Some products require prior approval from either the Ministry of Agriculture or the Ministry of Industry and Trade. Agricultural products for which prior approval is required from the Ministry of Agriculture are live animals, fresh, chilled and frozen meat and frozen animal semen. Any imported agricultural or food product may be inspected and tested to ensure that it is fit for human consumption. Virtually all prepared and mixed foods are tested at the border. The JFDA has the authority to inspect food products at the retail and wholesale distribution levels. A representative may enter any place and collect samples for testing. If a product fails to meet technical requirements or is found unfit for human consumption, it is removed from distribution channels and destroyed. Food additives are regulated by JISM and JFDA. In general, permissible additives and their concentrations are those approved by the Codex Alimentarius Commission. However, the technical standards for foods contain specific lists for food additive and their permissible levels of use. These standards should be consulted to make sure that additives are permitted. Labeling requirements are set by JISMO. Legal requirements for labeling are fairly standard although a statement of ingredients in order of preponderance is not required. All labels must either be in Arabic or have a stick-on label in Arabic. In general, the label should contain the name of the product, the manufacturer’s name and address, net weight, fortifying matter (like added vitamins and minerals to powder milk), lot number and “use before” or “best before” date. Local labeling requirements do not include Recommended Daily Intake (RDIs). Nutritional labeling is mandatory in certain categories of food including infant formula, food for dietary use, etc. Web-site: www.jism.gov.jo Appendix I. Electronic Copy or Outline of Each Export Certificate Author Defined: APPENDIX I. GOVERNMENT REGULATORY AGENCY CONTACTS Jordan Food & Drug Directorate Tel: (962-6) 4612663 Fax: (962-6) 4612663 Web-site: www.jfda.jo Ministry of Industry and Trade Tel: (962-6) 560-7191/5663774 Fax: (962-6) 560-4691 Web-site: www.mit.gov.jo Ministry of Agriculture Veterinary Services Directorate OR Plant Protection Directorate Tel: (962-6) 5686151 Fax: (962-6) 5686310 Web-site: www.moa.gov.jo Jordan Institute of Standards and Metrology Tel: (962-6) 5680139 Fax: (962-6) 5681099 Web-site: www.jism.gov.jo Jordan Customs Department P.O.Box 90, Amman, Jordan Tel: (962-6) 462-3186/8; 462-4394/6 Fax: (962-6) 464-7791 E-mail: Customs@Customs.gov.jo Web-site: http://www.customs.gov.jo Ministry of Environment Tel: + (962-6) 5560113 Fax: + (962-6) 5560288 Web-site: http://www.moenv.gov.jo/ Aqaba Special Economic Zone Authority P.O.Box 2565, Aqaba 77110, Jordan Tel: + (962-6) 3 203 5757/8 Fax: + (962-6) 3 203 0912 Web-site: http://www.aqabazone.com/ For further help, please contact the Office of Agricultural Affairs, American Embassy, POBox 354, Amman, Jordan, Phone: (962-6) 5906056, Fax: (962-6) 5920146, E-Mail: Mohamed.khraishy@usda.gov, and/or AgAmman@usda.gov
Posted: 30 January 2012

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