Biotech Crops - Mexico

An Expert's View about Agriculture and Animal Husbandry in Mexico

Last updated: 25 Feb 2011

The Government of Mexico has continued to grant permits to developers for experimental releases of genetically-modified corn into the environment.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 14/07/2010 GAIN Report Number: MX0044 Mexico Biotechnology - GE Plants and Animals Mexican Government Continues to Support Biotech Crops Approved By: Allan Mustard Prepared By: Benjamin Juarez Report Highlights: Biotech-derived crops are still not commercially cultivated in Mexico. However, the Government of Mexico has continued to grant permits to developers for experimental releases of genetically-modified corn into the environment. According to the Bio-safety Law, it is in the best interest of biotech developers to complete the experimental stage as soon as possible in order to begin the pilot stage and, afterwards, the commercialization stage. Mexico has no significant trade barriers to biotech crops or foods derived from biotechnology. Section I. Executive Summary: Mexico was the United States? second largest agricultural trading partner in 2009, while the United States was Mexico?s principal agricultural trading partner with nearly 80 percent of Mexico?s agricultural exports going to its northern neighbor. In 2009, U.S. agricultural exports to Mexico were valued at $13.9 billion, while U.S. imports of Mexican agricultural products were valued at a record $11.9 billion. The impact of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has been substantial, with U.S. agricultural exports to Mexico increasing by $9.3 billion between 1994 and 2009 and Mexican agricultural exports to the United States increasing by $8.5 billion in the same time frame. Mexico is the largest market for U.S. soy-meal, sorghum, dry beans, rice, apples, beef, dairy, swine, and turkey. Under the Bio-safety Law and its Implementation Rules (Reglamento), three different agencies are responsible for Mexico?s biotech policies, while the Inter-Ministerial Commission on Biosecurity and Genetically Modified Organisms (CIBIOGEM) coordinates Mexico?s biotech activities. Despite the fact that Mexico?s biotechnology regulatory system is considerable and that Mexico boasts of strong research institutions, prominent researchers and CIBIOGEM, biotech-derived crops are still not commercially cultivated in Mexico. Corn remains the central focus of Mexico?s biotech regulations and, with the changes to Mexico?s Reglamento last year (please see MX9045), developers are finally able to experiment with corn trials in approved regions of Mexico. The final step remaining to reach full acceptance is for the government of Mexico (GOM) officially to allow farmers to plant biotech corn throughout Mexico, but it may take years for the GOM to reach such a decision. In the meantime, in 2009 the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fishery and Food (SAGARPA), through the National Service of Health, Food Safety, and Food Quality (SENASICA), authorized 26 experimental field trials of genetically-modified (GM) corn varieties to be planted in various municipalities of northern Mexico. Moreover, as of May 11, 2010, biotech firms have submitted 14 new requests for experimental fields of GM corn to be planted in the states of Tamaulipas, Nayarit, Sonora and Sinaloa. According to official sources, SENASICA is evaluating these new requests. Section II. Plant Biotechnology Trade and Production: Despite the fact Mexican growers were among the first in the world to adopt biotech crops for experimental purposes, Mexico continues to focus on cultivating conventionally bred crops [1] . However, with the publication in the Mexican Federal Register of a decree that modifies and revokes some provisions of the Implementation Rules of the Bio-safety Law for GMOs (March 6, 2009), SAGARPA initiated the process of authorizing permits for experimental field trials of genetically- modified corn varieties. This change was considered the most relevant biotechnology policy-related event in the past several years, and finally allowed developers and research centers to experiment with biotech corn. Specifically, the modifications specify the guidelines for protecting native corn species as required by the Bio-safety Law, which also constituted the Special Regime for the Protection of Corn. Several requests for experimental field trials of genetically-modified corn have been submitted, and the trials are currently located in areas throughout the northern states, including: Sonora, Sinaloa, Chihuahua, Nayarit and Tamaulipas. No other state has been approved for testing the trials due to the Special Regime for the Protection of Corn. The experimentation will test four types of transgenic events: tolerance to herbicides, resistance to insects, a combination of herbicide and insect resistance and drought resistance. Twelve stacked events were also included in the experimental field trials. Currently, 26 permits have been granted for the experimental release of genetically-modified corn into the environment, including the following events: resistance to insects, tolerance to herbicides, and a combination of the two events. Dow, Monsanto and Pioneer are the three companies involved in testing. Along with the states listed above, Pioneer was granted approval to test in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco. According to the Bio-safety Law, it is in the best interests of the developing industries to complete the experimental stage as soon as possible in order to begin the pilot stage and, afterwards, the commercialization stage. Based on Mexico?s Bio-safety Law (See ?Plant Biotechnology Policy? section, below), any transgenic seed in Mexico has to go through three different phases: experimental stage, pilot and commercial. With a growing population, an expanding economy, and a more market-oriented agricultural sector, Mexico has become the second-largest agricultural trading partner of the United States. Between 1993 (the last year prior to NAFTA's implementation) and 2008, U.S. agricultural exports to Mexico expanded at a compound annual rate of 10.4 percent, while agricultural imports from Mexico grew at a rate of 9.7 percent. U.S.-Mexico agricultural trade is largely complementary, meaning that the United States tends to export different commodities to Mexico than Mexico exports to the United States. Grains, oilseeds, meat, and related products make up about four-fifths of U.S. agricultural exports to Mexico. Mexico does not produce enough grains and oilseeds to meet internal demand, so the country's food and livestock producers import sizable volumes of these commodities to make value-added products, primarily for the domestic market. The following table shows Mexico?s imports of the main biotech-derived agricultural goods from the United States for the three last years: Mexico - Imports Quantity (MT) January - December Product Country 2007 2008 2009 Corn United States 7,843,307 9,090,761 7,207,690 Soybean United States 3,610,150 3,477,734 3,379,823 Soybean Meal United States 1,626,122 1,485,757 1,345,408 Rice United States 821,978 797,344 816,427 Soybean-oil United States 158,336 212,708 174,096 Canola United States 30,394 25,475 48,855 Canola Oil United States 9,010 40,885 13,890 Source: Secretariat of Economy (SE) All biotechnology crops that are being tested in Mexico were developed in the United States and have passed through the U.S. regulatory system. A list of biotechnology crops approved for human consumption can be found in Appendix A. Unlike the United States, Mexico does not make a distinction between food and feed approval, but rather approves both for human consumption. Mexico does allow for field-testing of biotechnology crops under the Bio-safety Law (see Biotechnology Policy section below). A list of biotechnology crops approved for field-testing along with the area planted for these trials can be found in Appendices B and C. Based on this official information, Mexico planted 209,605 hectares (ha) of biotech crops ? mainly cotton, soybeans and a small area of corn ? for experimental purposes in the 2009 calendar year. [1] Note: Mexico is not a food aid recipient country at the moment, nor is it likely to be one in the near future. Section III. Plant Biotechnology Policy: Biotechnology policy activities in Mexico are coordinated by the Inter-Ministerial Commission on Biosecurity and Genetically Modified Organisms (CIBIOGEM). Created in 1999, CIBIOGEM coordinates federal policy related to the production, exportation, movement, propagation, release, consumption, and advantageous use of GMOs and their products and by-products. Several agencies compose CIBIOGEM, including Mexico?s National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT), and representatives of six Secretariats: Agriculture, Environment and Natural Resources, Health, Treasury, Economy, and Education. CIBIOGEM is led by an Executive Secretary who, according to the Bio-safety Law, is nominated by CONACYT after consultations with the member Secretariats and is then approved by the President. However, CIBIOGEM does not have an enforcement role. Mexico?s comprehensive biotech regulation is the Bio-safety Law, which was passed in February 2005. This law addresses a number of legislative gaps for the regulation and commercialization of biotech-derived products. It also defines the respective responsibilities and jurisdictions of the Mexican Secretariats and agencies that monitor and/or enforce biotechnology regulations. In general, the responsibilities and the roles of the Mexican Government Secretariats are as follows: The Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food (SAGARPA) - The role of SAGARPA is to analyze and assess, on a case-by-case basis, all of the potential risks to animal, plant, and aquatic health, as well as to the environment and biological diversity, posed by activities carried out with genetically modified organisms (GMOs), based on the risk assessments and results drafted and filed by the interested parties. SAGARPA is responsible for deciding what GMO- related activities are permissible and issues permits for those activities. SAGARPA also provides guidelines and parameters for all GMO-related experiments and activities. These activities include: field trials, pilot program releases, commercial releases, marketing, and GMO imports and exports. Finally, SAGARPA monitors the effects that accidental or permitted release of GMOs may cause to animal, vegetal, aquatic health, and biological diversity. The Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT) - SEMARNAT analyzes and assesses, on a case-by-case basis, the potential risks that activities carried out with GMOs may cause to the environment and biological diversity. These analyses are based on risk assessment studies and results drafted and filed by the interested parties. In addition, SEMARNAT is responsible for permitting and licensing activities that involve the environmental release of GMOs and is charged with providing guidelines and parameters for such activities. SEMARNAT also monitors the effects on the environment or biological diversity that may be caused by the accidental release of GMOs. In instances in which SAGARPA has primary responsibility for an experiment or activity, SEMARNAT is still responsible for issuing bio-safety opinions prior to SAGARPA?s resolution. The Secretariat of Health (SALUD) - The role of SALUD is to assure the food safety of biotechnology-derived agricultural products destined for use as medicines or for human consumption. SALUD also assesses, on a case-by-case basis, studies drafted and filed by interested parties on the safety and potential risks of GMOs authorized under the Bio-safety Law. While the Bio-safety Law is the regulatory framework, the Implementation Rules (Reglamento) contributed to the harmonization and consolidation of the previously fragmented nature of Mexico?s biotech policies. As already mentioned, changes in 2009 to the Reglamento allowed developers and research institutions to finally experiment with biotech corn in approved regions of Mexico. Preliminarily, it is estimated that testing could be completed by the end of 2010. Mexico?s Bio-safety Law and its Implementation Rules are designed to prevent and control the possible risks associated from the use and application of biotechnology products to human health, plant and animal health, and environmental well-being. The objective of the Reglamento is to supplement the Bio-safety Law. The Reglamento supplements the Bio-safety Law by: Authorizing relevant agencies to issue environmental release permits for GMOs; Defining the notification process for the confined use of GMO organisms; Creating internal bio-safety committees; Defining the GMOs that should be regulated by SALUD for the purpose of human health protection; and Defining how bio-safety information is to be publicly disseminated through the National System of Bio-safety. As a complement to the Bio-safety Law, SEMARNAT updated the Implementation Rules (Reglamento) on March 19, 2008, in Mexico?s Federal Register. It regulates the study, experimental planting, and potential sale of GMOs. Along with its 64 articles and 30 pages, the Implementation Rules lay out the basis for biotechnological research and create monitoring mechanisms for importing genetically-engineered products as well as producing GM crops throughout Mexico. In general, the Reglamento: Regulates any activity that modifies the genetic material of an organism; Permits the environmental release of GMOs for experimental purposes; Permits the environmental release of GMOs in stages prior to commercial release (Pilot Tests); and Permits the environmental release of GMOs for commercial purposes. The Reglamento also clarifies and defines a number of procedures and expectations, such as: Specifics on inspection, surveillance activities, and security measures; Guidelines on how sanctions will be administered in the event that the law is broken; Requirements, time frames, and procedures for the appropriate Secretariats to use when issuing GMO permits and notifications; and a framework for an appeals process for the relevant Secretariats. Mexico?s Bio-safety Law does not require labeling for packaged foods and feeds, but labeling is required of seeds (including corn) for planting (Provision 101). Labeling information should include the fact that the planting seeds are genetically-modified, the characteristics of the acquired genetic combination, implications with regard to special conditions and growing requirements, and changes in reproductive and productive characteristics. For stacked events, the GOM does not require additional review or an approval process for a plant that combines two or more already-approved genetically-engineered traits. Information about bio-efficacy, which is supposed to be submitted before additional approval is granted for food safety clearances by SALUD (in the case of stacked events), is also required for other GM events. It is important to note that SAGARPA, not SEMARNAT, issues approval for environmental release, although SEMARNAT does render an opinion beforehand to SAGARPA through the inter-agency process. According to SAGARPA, only 2 percent of genetically-modified seed can contain foreign material. Inspections may be done at warehouses in order to avoid rejections at the border, but Mexico remains adamant that 2 percent will remain the limit of foreign material in imported products. This percentage level is a serious area of contention for many importers. A total of 77 biotech events are now authorized for use in Mexico, with the most recent taking place on January 22, 2010. The GOM authorized the importation of different varieties of genetically- modified maize (4), cotton (2), soybeans (1) and alfalfa (1). The authorizations were issued to Dow Agrosciences, Monsanto, Syngenta, Bayer CropScience and DuPont Pioneer. These varieties are for food and feed purposes but may not be commercially planted (Please see Appendix A). Organics Law The Organic Products Law was published in the ?Diario Oficial? on February 7, 2006. This law establishes additional regulations for the use of biotech-derived food products. There are three specific areas in which this law regulates biotech-derived products: Provision 27 of the Organics Law states that the use of all materials, products, and ingredients or inputs that come from, or have been produced with, genetically-modified organisms are prohibited in the entire production chain of organic products; The law also prohibits the use of substances or forbidden materials referred to in provision 27 that alter the organic characteristics of the products; and The law establishes that SAGARPA may impose a fine of up to 700,000 pesos (roughly U.S. $54,000) on a firm or individual that is found guilty of violating the law. Since the Organic Products Law was published, the GOM?s involvement in this sector has increased significantly. As mandated in this law, the National Council for Organic Production (CNPO-Consejo Nacional de Producción Orgánica) was established in 2007 with the participation of producers, processors, importers/distributors, universities, government entities and certifiers to act as consultants for SAGARPA on organic production and commercialization issues. From 2006 to 2008, SAGARPA developed the ?Regulations for the Organic Products Law? with support from SEMARNAT, SALUD and the Secretariat of the Economy. Finally, on April 1, 2010, these Regulations were published in Mexico?s Federal Register. Among the provisions in the law is a requirement that organic products must include a national seal issued by SAGARPA, which has to be included in the labeling of organic products. Moreover, the labeling must establish the number of certified organic ingredients and the identification number of the organic certification body that issued the certificate. The Regulations also mention that the label should include the statement that the product is free of GMOs. The Regulations also require that SAGARPA publish, in March of each year, a list of materials, substances, products, methods and ingredients permitted, restricted and prohibited in the entire production chain. Sources stated that the publication of these Regulations represents a very important step in Mexico?s regulatory process for organic products. Cartagena Protocol In 2002, the Mexican Senate ratified the Cartagena Protocol on Bio-safety (CPB). This ratification helped ensure final congressional approval of the Bio-safety Law in February 2005, as Mexico was obligated under the CPB to pass domestic legislation in order to harmonize its domestic laws with its international obligations. The Pilot Test Program ? The Pilot Program?s main objective is to apply the requirements in the Trilateral Agreement on Import Requirements for Living Modified Organisms, which was signed by Canada, Mexico and the United States in 2003. The agreement is in line with article 18.2a of the Cartagena Bio-safety Protocol, which requires that certain labels include the phrase ?may contain GMOs.? Mexico?s Pilot Program applies to yellow corn imports from the United States and started in October 2005. As established in the Pilot Program, companies must report all imports that ?may contain GMOs? to the Secretariat of Economy and companies must agree to work with SAGARPA to addressing relevant issues (i.e., remove shipments, pay for costs, etc.). In January 2010, SE was expected to report on the compliance of labels, but to date there have been no reports. In October 2010, Mexico is expected to present its experiences with the Pilot Program at the Cartagena Protocol on Bio-safety meeting in Nagoya, Japan, during the Fifth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Bio-safety (COP-MOP 5). Section IV. Plant Biotechnology Marketing Issues: In general, Mexican consumers, producers, importers, and retailers continue to be disengaged from the biotechnology debate, with the latter opting to let industry trade associations do any significant lobbying, which may be necessary. Moreover, Mexican consumers are more concerned with price and quality than the source of their food. Thus concerns, both real and assumed, about the potential environmental impact of genetically-modified foods continue to be the focus of developed-country consumers. However, Mexicans do draw a distinction between biotechnology and genetically- modified corn. Many across the socio-economic spectrum are concerned about the integrity of Mexico?s native corn species. For Mexicans, corn is a symbol of their heritage, so acceptance of this technology may well be tied to protecting this native plant. On the other hand, industry sources assert that Mexican seed companies and research centers are constrained in doing business with the GOM due the elevated cost of meeting Mexican requirements. Biotech researchers and entrepreneurs concur that the requirements under the Bio-safety Law to market a genetically-modified product represent between 5 and 10 million dollars. These costs include but are not limited to: full-time staff to request GOM permits and comply with environmental requirements, recruiting scientists to monitor the plantings, renting land and planting traditional crops around the GM products, preparing reports on benefits and risks. In addition, each of these steps can be repeated many times and must be completed for each stage required (experimental, pilot and commercial) by the Bio-safety law to reach the market. The GOM establishes when to transition to a successive stage. As already mentioned, currently Mexico is not producing any commercial GM seed and those who are competing for marketing GMOs are multinational companies such as Dupont, Monsanto, Bayer, Syngenta, and Pioneer. According to Luis Herrera Estrella, the director of the National Laboratory of Genomics for Diversity, participation of Mexican companies or research centers in the biotechnology commercialization process is nonexistent due to the cost of compliance: "Then we wonder why the Mexican developments are handled by companies like Monsanto. Well, it?s because the cost to market a GM product in Mexico is between 5 to 10 million dollars, without considering the research investment." For each of the genetic modifications made to the same product, the law requires that each of the phases be completed, which means that companies have to invest money in each of the projects, Herrera pointed out. According to Agro-Bio, the cost to market a GM product in other countries (such as Argentina, Brazil or Canada) is one tenth of the cost that it is in Mexico. Agro-Bio stated that in order for Mexico?s research centers to participate in the commercialization of GM products, the Bio-safety law should be softened because, as is written, such legislation imposes high financial and equipment requirements for compliance. It should be noted that Agro-Bio is a private organization that encompasses the major development firms active in Mexico, (BASF International, Bayer CropScience, Dupont, Syngenta, Monsanto, Dow AgroScience and Pioneer) and its main objectives are to promote the positive use of biotechnology as well as to share and to disseminate scientific knowledge to policy makers, lawmakers and society. Section V. Plant Biotechnology Capacity Building and Outreach: Mexico continues to harmonize its regulatory approach to agricultural biotechnology with its NAFTA partners through the North America Biotechnology Initiative (NABI). NABI is a forum for information exchange and for high-level policy discussion on biotechnology issues with Mexico, the United States and Canada. It exists to identify and solve issues of common interest as well as to identify areas for further cooperation. This forum not only helps Mexico identify and address regulatory gaps, but also promotes a trilateral harmonized approach to agricultural biotechnology regulations. Under NABI, for example, Mexican CIBIOGEM officials are having bi-monthly conference calls with their counterparts in the United States and Canada (i.e., USDA, EPA, and FDA). The main objective of these conference calls is to exchange information and experiences about issues of common interest on agricultural biotechnology, such as new events to be authorized or the harmonization of regulations. Under NABI, USDA and SAGARPA participate actively in the technical coordination and organization of a Risk Communication Workshop, the most recent of which was held November 19- 20, 2009, in Mexico City. Agencies in attendance included several GOM Agencies related to the biotechnology issues, such as CIBIOGEM, SAGARPA and SEMARNAT, among others. The GOM co-organized, with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), an international conference on biotechnology called the Agricultural Biotechnologies in Developing Countries. The Conference took place in Guadalajara, Mexico, from 1 to 4 March 2010. A major objective of the Conference was to take stock of the application of biotechnologies across the different food and agricultural sectors in developing countries in order to learn from the past and to identify options for the future to face the challenges of food insecurity, climate change and natural resource degradation. The Conference brought together approximately 300 policy-makers, scientists and representatives of governmental and international non-governmental organizations from 68 countries, including governmental delegations nominated by 42 FAO Member States. Plenary sessions during the four days were dedicated to issues such as how to target agricultural biotechnologies to the poor, how to enable research and development (R&D) in agricultural biotechnologies, and how to ensure that the benefits of R&D are accessible in developing countries. Similarly, the GOM is working with the REDBIO Foundation to coordinate a Latin-American conference on biotechnology called ?VII Latin American and Caribbean Meeting on Agricultural Biotechnology, REDBIO Mexico 2010." The conference will take place in Guadalajara, Mexico, from November 1-5, 2010, and will also be co-sponsored by the FAO as well as several Mexican universities and research centers (i.e., National Autonomous University ?UNAM -, Guadalajara University, CINVESTAV and INIFAP). It will focus on biotechnology advances to meet the challenges of the XXI century, such as food and energy security, environmental conservation and human health. Section VI. Animal Biotechnology: According to CIBIOGEM sources, genetic engineering is not being used in Mexico for the development of agriculturally-relevant animals and there is no work being done in this area. However, if it were to be carried out, the relevant institutions would probably be the Biotechnology Institute of the Mexico?s National Autonomous University (UNAM) and the Center of Research and Advanced Studies of the Technical National Institute (CINVESTAV). In addition, there are not any genetically-engineered animals or products derived from animals intended for, or currently in, commercial production in Mexico. Despite the significant human and physical infrastructure that Mexico has in the biotech area, it has lagged behind research in different areas that affect the development of biotechnological applications, such as the production of genetically-engineered animals. As in the case of plant biotechnology, the Bio-safety Law and its Implementation Rules are the comprehensive legal biotech framework that regulates the development, commercial use, import and/or disposal of genetically-engineered animals or products derived from these animals. Similarly, SAGARPA, SEMARNAT and SALUD are the Mexican Secretariats that that monitor and/or enforce biotechnology regulations for the Animal Biotechnology (please see Section III Plant Biotechnology Policy). CIBIOGEM officials stated that currently, there is no outspoken opposition to GM animals, although there would certainly be some considering that a certain portion of the public is opposed to GM crops. It should be noted that both official and private sources have recognized that the development of new animal technologies is in the beginning stages, at best. Moreover, as the center-of-origin for corn and because of the historic and cultural significance of corn in Mexico, much of the biotechnological debate in Mexico has focused on biodiversity and corn. In general, official sources have stated that the public has an unrealistic point of view on biotechnology and genetically-engineered animals, both good and bad. Impractical solutions are expected and unfounded fears are elicited. Consequently, they noted that it is essential to educate the public on this issue. Section VII. Author Defined: Appendices. APPENDIX A Biotechnology Crops for Approved Human Consumption (1995-2010) Name, Event Identification Receiver and Organisms Introduced lease Gene Res Characteristic Conferred Organ Donorism Date Tomato (Lycopersicum Tomato (Lycopersicum a) Gene of February esculentum) of retarded (Lycopersicum esculentum) Poligalacturonase 14, 1995 maturation esculentum) In anti-sense, of Tomato Tomato Flavr Savr METRIC TON b) Gene of resistance to Kanamycin (Kanr) Potato (Solanum Tuberosum) Potato Bacillus a) Gene Cry IIIA of March 20, resistant to the Colorado Potato (Solanum Thuringiensis Bacillus Thuringiensis 1996 Beetle (decemlineata Tuberosum) Subsp tenebrionis Subsp tenebrionis Leptinotarsa) b) Gene ntpII (Neomycin phosphor- transfers type II) Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) (Gossypium Bacillus a) Gene Cry IA (c) from bacillus September resistant to Lepidopteron and hirsutum) Thuringiensis subsp Thuringiensis subps 18, 1996 Kanamycin insects kurstaki kurstaki Cotton Bollgard Identification OECD: MON b) Gene ntpII øø531-6 (Neomycin phosphor- transfers Type II) Canola (Brassica napus) Canola Land bacterium sp. a) Gene 5 September tolerant to the glyphosate (Brassica Stock 4 enolpiruvilshikimato 18, 1996 herbicide Napus) 3-phosphate sintetasa Canola Roundup ready ® of Agrobacterium RT73 Canada/GT73 EU sp. Stock 4 Identification OECD: MON- ØØØ 73-7 b) Gene from resistance to the kanamycin (Kanr) Soybean (Glycine max L) Soya (Glycine Agrobacterium a) Gene 5 September tolerant to herbicide glyphosate Max L) SP. enolpiruvilshikimato 3 18, 1996 Soya Roundup ® or Faena ® Stock 4 phosphate sintetase from GTS 40-3-2 Agrobacterium sp. Stock 4 Identification OECD: MON- Ø 4Ø32-6 b) Gene of tolerant to Kanamycin (Kan r) Tomatoes (Lycopersicum Tomatoes Lycopersicum a) Gene of September esculentum) of retarded (Lycopersicum esculentum Tomato Poligalacturonase with 18, 1996 maturation B, Gives, F esculentum) reduced activity of b) Gene ntpII (neomycin type II phospho-transferase) Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) Cotton Klebisiella a) Gene BXN of klebisiella September resistant to bromoxinil Cotton (Gossypium ozaneae ozaneae that codify nitrilase 28, 1996 BXN hirsutum) Tomato (Lycopersicum Tomato Tomato a) Fragment of gene of the November esculentum) of retarded (Lycopersicum Lycopersicum Aminocyclopropane acid 18, 1998 maturation esculentum) esculentum Carboxilic sintetase Line 1345-4 (AccS), of Tomato b) Gene ntpll (neomycin type II phospho-transferase) Canola (Brassica napus) Canola Streptomyces a) Gene bar from February tolerant to Ammonium (Brassica viridochromogenees phosphinotricine acetyl 22, 1999 Gluphos napus L.) to transfer of inate herbicide and kanamy (PAT) cin tolerant. Var Streptomyces iety MS1/RF1 or You run viridochromogenees into 19/2 hybrid of the lines B91-4, B93-101, B94-1 and B94-2 b) Gene ntpII HCN92 (neomycin phospho- Identification OECD: ACS-BN type II transferase) ØØ4-7 Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum Cotton Agrobacterium sp a) Gene EPSPS from July 17, L.) tolerant to the Glyphosate (Gossypium Stock CP4 Agrobacterium sp. 2000 herbicide hirsutum L.) Stock CP4 Cotton Roundup Ready ® Lines 1445 and 1698 Identification OECD: MON-Ø 1445-2 Canola (Brassica oleifera napus Canola Streptomyces a) Gene of September L.) Ammonium Gluphosinate (Brassica oleifera Viridocromo genes phosphinotricine 20, 2001 herbicide tolerant napus L.) it acetiltranferase Variety T45 (HCN28) (pat) of Streptomyces Viridocromogenes b) Gene ntpll (neomycin phosphor- transfers type ll) Potato (Solanum Tuberosum) Potato (Solanum Bacillus a) Gene Cry 3A from September resistant to Network beetle Tuberosum) Thuringiensis subsp. B. Thuringiensis 26, 2001 (decemlineata Leptinofarsa) Tenebrionis Subsp. Tenebrionis and to the virus from Potato leaf-roll virus (PLRV) Virus PLRV Pope New Leaf® Extra RBMT 21-129, 21-350 b) Gene from virus RBMT 22-82 PLRV replication Identification OECD: NMK- 89648-1 c) Gene ntpll NMK-89185-6 (neomycin phosphor- NMK-89896-6 transfers type II) Potato (Solanum Tuberosum) Potato (Solanum Bacillus a) Gene Cry 3A from September resistant to beetle Tuberosum Thuringiensis subsp. Bacillus 26, 2001 Colorado(decemlineata Tenebrionis Thuringiensis Subsp. Tenebrionis Leptinofarsa) and potato virus (PVY) Pope New Leaf ® and b) Gene of the RBMT 15-101 V Protein of the irus PVY Capside of virus SEMT 15-02, SEMT 15-15 PVY Identification OECD: NMK- 89653-6 NMK-89935-9 c) Gene ntpII NMK-89930-4 (Neomycin phosphor- Transfers type II) Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) Cotton Bacillus a) Gene Cry 1Ac from April 30, Resistant to insects (Gossypium Thuringiensis subsp Bacillus 2002 Lepidopteron and tolerant to Hirsutum) Kurstaki HD-73 Thuringiensis subsp herbicide glyphosate Kurstaki HD-73 Cotton Bollgard/Roundup R Agrobacterium sp eady® Identification O Stock CP4 b) Gene cp4 epsps ECD: MON of Agrobacterium Ø Ø531-6 X MON Ø 1445- sp. Stock CP4 2 Maize (Zea mays L.) tolerant to Maize (Zea Maize (Zea Gene EPSPS from maize May 24, herbicide glyphosate mays L) mays L) 2002 Line GA21 Maize Roundup Ready® Identification OECD: MON- ØØØ21-9 Maize (Zea mays L.) tolerant to Maize (Zea Agrobacterium sp a) Gene CP$ June 7, herbicide glyphosate mays L) Stock CP4 EPSPS and CP4 2002 Line NK 603 EPSPS L2114P of Agrobacterium Maize Roundup Ready® sp Identification OECD: MON- Stock CP4 ØØ6Ø3-6 Maize (Zea mays L.) resistant Maize (Zea Bacillus a) Gene CryIA (b) from November to insects lepidopterist, mays L) Thuringiensis subsp Bacillus 6, 2002 Line MON810 Kurstaki Thuringiensis subsp Maize Yieldgard® Kurstaki Identification OECD: MON- Ø 81Ø-6 Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) Cotton Bacillus a) Gene Cry 1Ac from September Resistant to lepidopterist, (Gossypium Thuringiensis subsp Bacillus 15, 2003 Cotton Bollgard II, line 15985 hirsutum) Kurstaki Thuringiensis subsp Identification OECD: MON- Kurstaki 15985-7 b) Gene Cry 2Ab from Bacillus Thuringiensis c) Gene GUS (?-D- glucoronidase) d) Gene ntpll (neomycin phosphor- transfers type II) e) Gene uidA Maize (Zea mays L.) resistant Maize (Zea Bacillus a) Gene Cry 1F from September to lepidopterist insects and mays L) Thuringiensis bar. Bacillus 15, 2003 Tolerant to ammonium Oizawai stock PS Thuringiensis bar. gluphosinate herbicide, line Bt 811 Oizawai stock PS Cry 811 1F 1507 streptomyces Identification OECD: DAS- Ø viridochromogenees b) Gene PAT 15Ø7-1 (phosphinotricine acetyl transfers) of streptomyces viridochromogenees Maize (Zea mays L.) resistant Maize (Zea Bacillus a) Gene Cry 3B (b) 1 from October 7, to coleopteron insects, and to mays L) Thuringiensis Bacillus 2003 Kanamycin Subsp. kumatoensis Thuringiensis Event MON 863 Subsp. Kumatoensis Identification OECD: MON- ØØ 863-5 b) Gene ntpll (neomycin phosphor- transfers type II) Soybean (Glycine Max L.) Soybean (Glycine Streptomyces a) Gene pat from S. August 13, resistant to ammonium Max L.) viridochromogenees viridochromogenees 2003 gluphosinate stock Tü 494 Stock Tü 494 Event A2704-12 and To 5547- 127 Identification OECD: ACS- GMØØ5-3 X ACS-GMØØ6-4 Maize (Zea mays L.) resistant Maize (Zea Bacillus a) Gene Cry 1Ab from March 3, to insects, lepidopterist, line mays L) Thuringiensis subsp Bacillus 2004 MON810 and Maize ?Task? Kurstaki. Thuringiensis subsp solution, tolerant to Glyphosate Kurstaki. herbicide line NK 603 Event NK603 x MON810 Identification OECD: MON- Agrobacte b) Protein CP4EPSPS of rium sp ØØ603-6 X MON ØØ81Ø-6 S Agrobacterium sp tock 4 Cotton resistant to insects and Cotton Bacillus a) Gene Cry1F from June 1, tolerant to Ammonium (Gossypium Thuringiensis bar. Bacillus 2004 Gluphosinate herbicide B.t. hirsutum) Aizawai Thuringiensis bar. Cry1F event 281-24- Aizawai 236/Cry1F. Streptomyces Identification OECD: DAS- viridochromogenees b) Gene pat of 24236-5 Streptomyces viridochromogenees Cotton resistant to lepidopterist Cotton Bacillus a) Gene Cry 1Ac from August 19, insects, and tolerant to (Gossypium Thuringiensis bar. Bacillus 2004 ammonium gluphosinate hirsutum) Kurstaki stock HD-73 Thuringiensis bar. herbicide Cry1Ac Kurstaki Event 3006 - 210-23 Streptomyces Identification OECD: DAS- viridochromogenees b) Gene pat of 21Ø23-5 Streptomyces viridochromogenees Cotton resistant to lepidopterist Cotton Bacillus a) Gene Cry 1Ac of September insects, and tolerant to (Gossypium Thuringiensis bar. Bacillus 7, 2004 conventional ammonium hirsutum) Kurstaki Thuringiensis bar. gluphosinate herbicide cropped Kurstaki up from the crossbreed of the Bacillus event Cry1Ac Thuringiensis bar. Event 3006-210-23 and b) Ben Cry1F of Aizawai Event 281-24-236/Cry1F. Bacillus Identification OECD: DAS- Thuringiensis bar. 21Ø23-5 x DAS-24236-5 Streptomyces Aizawai viridochromogenes c) Gene pat of Streptomyces viridochromogenees Canola with masculine sterility Canola Bacillus a) Gene barnasa October and fertility reconstituted, (Brassica Amyloliquefaciens to barstar of bacillus 21, 2004 resistance to Ammonium napus L.) Amyloliquefaciens gluphosinate herbicide. Identification OECD: ACS-BN ØØ5-8 x S b) Gene bar of treptomyces ACS-BN ØØ3-6 hygroscop Streptomyces icus hygroscopicus Maize (Zea mays L) resistant to Maize (Zea mays L) a) Bacillus a) Gene Cry34Ab1 December virgifera Diabrotica, thuringiensis Stock 06, 2004 Diabrotica berberi and PS149B1 Diabrotica zeae; event DAS-59122-7 b) Gene Cry35Ab1 b) Bacillus Identification OECD: DAS- thuringiensis Stock 59122-7 PS149B1 c) Gene pat c) Streptomyces viridochromogenees Maize (Zea mays L) resistant to Maize (Zea mays L) a) Bacillus a) Gene Cry3Bb1 December the root worm (Diabrotica spp) thuringiensis subsp 10, 2004 event MON 863 and tolerant to kumamotoensis glyphosate herbicide, Event MON 863 xs NK603 b) Agrobacterium sp. Identification OECD: MON- ØØ Stock CP4 b) Gene cp4 epsps 863-5 X MON-ØØ6Ø3-6 Maize (Zea mays L) resistant to Maize (Zea a) Bacillus a) Gene Cry 1F of Cacillus December lepidopterist insects and mays L) thuringiensis bar. thuringiensis bar. 13, 2004 tolerant to Ammonium oizawai stock PS oizawai stock PS gluphosinate herbicide and 811 811 glyphosate Events DAS 1507 xs NK603 b) Streptomyces b) Gene PAT Identification OECD: DAS- Ø Viridochromogenees (phosphinotricine acetyl 15Ø7-1 x MON-ØØ6Ø3-6 of transferase) c Streptomyces ) Agrobacterium sp. Viridochromogenees Stock CP4 c) Gene cp4 epsps Alfalfa (sativa Medicago L) Alfalfa (sativa Agrobacterium Gene cp4 epsps January tolerant to Glyphosate Medicago L.) sp. Stock CP4 31, 2005 herbicide. Events J101 and J163. Cotton resistant to insects and Cotton a) Bacillus a) Gene Cry1Ac of February tolerant to the herbicide (Gossypium Thuringiensis bar. Bacillus 28, 2005 Ammonium Gluphosinate and hirsutum) Kurstaki Thuringiensis bar. tolerant to the herbicide Kurstaki Gliphosinate b) Bacillus Conventional Arisen of the Thuringiensis bar. b) Gene Cry1F of crossing of the event Cry 1Ac Aizawai Bacillus Even t 3006-210-23 x event 281-24-236/Cry1F and the one Thuringiensis bar. Event MON 1445-2 c A izawai ) Streptomyces Badge OECD: viridochromogenes DAS-21Ø23-5 X DAS-24236-5 c) Gene Pat of X MON-1445-2 d) Streptomyces Agrobacterium sp. V iridochromogenes Stump CP4 d) Gene EPSPS of Agrobacterium sp. Stump CP4 Cotton resistant to Gliphosate Cotton Agrobacterium sp. Gene cp4 epsps February event MON-88913 (Gossypium Strain CP4 15, 2006 Badge OECD: MON-88913-8 hirsutum) Cotton resistant to Gliphosate Cotton a) Agrobacterium sp. a) Gene cp4 epsps February event MON-88913 X Cotton (Gossypium Strain CP4 17, 2006 (Gossypium hirsutum) hirsutum) b) Gene Cry 1Ac from Bacillus Resistant to lepidopters, b) Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki Bollgard Cotton II, line 15985 Badge OECD: MON 88913-8 X Thuringiensis subsp. MON kurstaki -15985-7 c) Gene Cry 2Ab from Bacillus thuringiensis Maize resistant to gliphosate Maize (Zea mays L.) a) Bacillus a) Gene cry3Bb1 March 28, and thuringiensis (subsp. 2006 Resistant to the rootworm, Kumamotoensis) event MON 88017 b) Agrobacterium sp. Badge OECD: MON-88Ø17-3 Strain CP4 b) Gene cp4 epsps Maize (Zea mays L.) a) Bacillus a) Gene cry3Bb1 April 6, Ma thuringiensis) ize resistant to glyphosate, 2006 resistant to the rootworm and lepidopters, event MON 88017 b) Agrobacterium sp. b) Gene cp4 epsps xs Strain CP4 MON 810 Badge OECD: MON-88Ø17-3 x MON c) Bacillus ØØ thuringiensis subsp c) Gene CrylA (b) from 81Ø-6 kurstaki bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki Cotton resistant to lepidopter Cotton a) Bacillus a) Gene cry1Ac from Bacillus April 24, insects and tolerant to the (Gossypium Thuringiensis bar. thuringiensis bar. kurstaki 2006 herbicide hirsutum) Kurstaki Gluphosinate of Ammonium and b) Gene cry1F from Bacillus tolerant to the herbicide Gli b) Bacillus thuringiensis bar. aizawai phosate Thuringiensis bar. ; Conventional Arisen of the Aizawai crossing of the event Cry1Ac c) Gene pat from event Streptomyces 3006-210-23 x event 281-24- c) streptomyces Viridochromogenes 236/Cry1F x viridochromogenes MON 88913. d) Gene cp4 epsps Badge OECD: d) Agrobacterium sp. DAS-21Ø23-5 x DAS-24236-5 x Strain CP4 MON-88913 Sugar beet resistant to Sugar beet (Beta Agrobacterium sp Gene cp4 epsps May 19, Gliphosate, event H7-1 Vulgaris L. ssp Strain CP4 2006 Badge OECD: KM-00071-4 Vulgaris bar. Highest) Maize (Zea mays L.) with Maize (Zea mays L.) to Bacillus a) Gene cry 1F from bacillus May 26, combined genes. Maize (Zea Thuringiensis bar. thuringiensis bar. oizawai 2006 mays L.) resistant to Oizawai strain PS strain PS 811 Insects and lepidopters and 811 resistant to Gluphosinate Ammonium and Gliphosate, event DAS 1507 Xs Maize (Zea b) Gene PAT (Phosphinothricin mays L.) resistant to virgifera b) Streptomyces acetyl transferase) from Diabrotica, Diabrotica viridochromogenes Streptomyces berberi and virgifera Diabrotica Viridochromogenes zeae; event c) Bacillus DAS-59122-7 thuringiensis strain c) Gene cry34Ab1 Badge OECD: DAS-Ø15Ø7-1 X PS149B1 DAS 59122-7 d) Gene cry35Ab1 d) Bacillus thuringiensis strain e) Gene pat PS149B1 e) Streptomyces viridochromogenes Maize resistant to root worm Maize (Zea mays Bacillus a) Gene Cry 3B (b) 1 from August 1st, species and lepidopters, L.) thruringiensis Bacillus thruringiensis 2006 event MON 863 xs MON 810. subsp. Kumatoensis subsp. kumatoensis Identifier OECD: MON-??863-5 Bacillus thuringiensis b) Gene ntpII (neomycin x MON ??81?-6 subsp. kurstaki type II phospho-transferase) a) Gene Cry 1Ab from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp kurstaki. Maize resistant to root worm Maize (Zea mays Bacillus a) Gene Cry 3B (b) 1 from Bacillus August 1st, species and lepidopters, and L.) thruringiensis thruringiensis 2006 tolerant to Gliphosate subsp. Kumatoensis subsp. kumatoensis herbicide, event MON Bacillus thuringiensis b) Gene ntpII (neomycin 863 xs MON 810 xs NK603. subsp. kurstaki type II phospho-transferase) Identifier OECD: MON-??863-5 Agrobacterium sp Gene Cry 1Ab from Bacillus x MON ??81?-6 x MON-??6?3-6. strain CP4 thuringiensis subsp kurstaki. Gene CP4 EPSPS and CP4 EPSPS L214P Maize (Zea mays L.) gene Maize (Zea mays a) Bacillus a) Gene cry34Ab1 August 4, combination. Maize (Zea mays L.) thuringiensis strain b) Gene cry35Ab1 2006 L.) resistant to lepidopters and PS149B1 c) Gene pat tolerant to Gluphosinate b) Bacillus d) Gene CP4 EPSPS and Ammonium and Gliphosate thuringiensis strain CP4 EPSPS L214P herbicide, PS149B1 event DAS-59122-7 x NK603 c) Streptomyces Identifier OECD: DAS-59122-7 viridochromogenes X MON ??6?3-6 d) Agrobacterium sp strain CP4 Maize (Zea mays L.) gene Maize (Zea mays a) Bacillus a) Gene cry34Ab1 August 4, combination. Maize (Zea mays L.) thuringiensis strain b) Gene cry35Ab1 2006 L.) resistant to insects and PS149B1 c) Gene pat lepidopters and tolerant to b) Bacillus d) Gene CP4 EPSPS and Gluphosinate Ammonium and thuringiensis strain CP4 EPSPS L214P Gliphosate herbicide, PS149B1 e) Gene Cry 1F from Bacillus event DAS-59122-7 x DAS- c) Streptomyces thuringiensis bar. oizawai 1507-1 x viridochromogenes strain PS 811 NK603 d) Agrobacterium sp f) Gene PAT (Phosphinothricin Identifier OECD: DAS-59122-7 strain CP4 acetyl transferase) from X DAS e) Bacillus Streptomyces ?15?7-1 x MON-??6?3-6. thuringiensis bar. viridochromogenes oizawai strain PS 811 f) Streptomyces viridochromogenes Cotton tolerant to Gluphosinate Cotton Streptomyces Gene bar August 4, Ammonium, event Liberty Link (Gossypium hygroscopicus strain 2006 LL25. hirsutum) ATCC21705 Identifier OECD: ACG-GH??1-3 Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) Cotton Bacillus thuringiensis a) Gene Cry 1Ac from October resistant to (Gossypium subsp. Kurstaki Bacillus thuringiensis 16, 2006 lepidopters and tolerant to hirsutum) Agrobacterium sp. subsp kurstaki Gliphosate herbicide strain CP4 b) Gene Cry 2Ab from Cotton MON 15985 xs MON Bacillus thuringiensis 1445. c) Gene GUS (it ?-D- Identifier OECD: MON-15985-7 glucoronidase) x MON ?1445-2 d) Gene ntpII (neomycin type II phospho-transferase) e) Gene uidA f) Gene cp4 epsps from Agrobacterium sp. strain CP4 Rice tolerant to Gluphosinate Rice (Oryza Streptomyces Gene bar March 28, Ammonium, event Liberty Link sativa) hygroscopicus, strain Gene to promoter and 2007 LL62. ATCC21705 to finisher CaMV 35S Identifier OECD: ACS-OSØØ2-5 Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV). Maize tolerant to Gluphosinate Maize (Zea mays Streptomyces Gene pat April 27, Ammonium, event T25. L.) viridochromogenes 2007 Identifier OECD: ACS-ZMØØ3-2 strain Tu494 Maize tolerant to Gluphosinate Maize (Zea mays a) Bacillus a) gene cry1Ab July 16, Ammonium and resistant to L.) thuringiensis subspp. b) gene pat 2007 insects., event Bt11 kurstaki strain HD-1. Identifier OECD: SYN-BTØ11-1 b) Streptomyces viridochromogenes strain Tu494. 038 Maize LY with increased Maize (Zea mays Corynebacterium Gene cordapA July 30, levels of lysine exclusively L.) glutamicum 2007 intended for animal feed purposes. Identifier OECD: REN-ØØØ38-3 Maize resistant to insects, Maize (Zea mays a) Bacillus a) Gene cry3A October 8, event MIR604 L.) thuringiensis subspp. b) Gene pmi 2007 Identifier OECD: SYN-IR6Ø4-5 tenebrionis b) Escherichia coli (strain K-12) Maize hybrid tolerant to Maize (Zea mays L.) a) Bacillus a) Gene cry1Ab December herbicides and resistant to thuringiensis bar. b) Gene pat 6, 2007 lepidopters and coleopters Bt11 kurstaki b) Gene mcry3A x MIR604. b) Streptomyces Identifier OECD: SYN-BTØ11-1 viridochromogenes x SYNIR6Ø4-5 c) Bacillus thuringiensis subspp. tenebrionis Maize tolerant to herbicides and Maize (Zea mays L.) a) Bacillus a)Gen cry1Ab December resistant to lepidopters Bt11 x thuringiensis b) Gen pat 6, 2007 GA21 subspecies kurstaki c) Gen mepsps Identifier OECD: SYN-BTØ11-1 strain HD-1 x MONØØØ21-9 b) Streptomyces viridochromogenes strain Tu494. c) Zea mays Maize hybrid resistant to Maize a) Bacillus a)Gen mcry3A December coleopters and tolerant to (Zea mays L.) thuringiensis b) Gen pmi 12, 2007 herbicides sub specie c) mepsps MI R604 x GA21 tenebrionis Identifier OECD: SYN-IR6Ø4-5 b)Escherichia coli c) x MON ØØØ21-9 Zea mays Cotton (Gossypium Cotton (Gossypium a) Bacillus a)cry1Ac, cry2Ab July 22, barbadensis) barbadensis) thuringiensis b)epsps (5- 2008 Resistant to Lepidopters insects subespecie kurstaki enolpiruvilshikimato-3 and (Btk) fosfato sintasa) Tolerance to the herbicide b)Agrobacterium c)uidA (beta-D- glifosate. tumefaciens CP4 glucuronidase) Identifier OECD MON-15985-7 c)E.coli x MON-88913-8 Cotton (Gossypium Cotton (Gossypium a) Agrobacterium a) epsps (5- July 22, barbadensis) barbadensis) tumefaciens CP4 enolpiruvilshikimato-3 2008 Tolerance to the herbicide fosfato sintasa) glifosate. Identifier OECD MON-88913-8 Cotton (Gossypium Cotton (Gossypium a) Bacillus a)cry1Ac, cry2Ab July 22, barbadensis) barbadensis) thuringiensis 2008 Resistant to Lepidopters insects Identifier OECD MON-i 5985-7 Maize (Zea mays) Resistant to Maize a) Bacillus a)cry1Ab July 22, lepidopteron insects and (Zea mays L.) thuringiensis b)cordapA 2008 increase of the level of b)Corynebacterium (dihidropicolinato-3 lysine glutamicum Fosfato sintasa) Identifier OECD: REN-00038 X MON-810-6 Soybean (Glycine max) Soybean (Glycine a) Agrobacterium a)epsps(5- July 22, Tolerance to the herbicide max) tumefaciens CP4 enolpiruvilshikimato-3 2008 gliphosate fosfato sintasa) Identifier OECD: MON-89788 Maize (Zea mays) Resistant to Maize a) Bacillus a) cry2Ab, cry1A105 July Lepidopteron (Zea mays) thuringiensis 22,2008 Identifier OECD: MON-89034 Maize (Zea mays)resistance to Maize a) Bacillus a)cry34Ab1, cry35Ab1 Cancel by lepidopteron and Coleopters (Zea mays) thuringiensis b)pat the insects and Tolerance to the (fosfinotricinacetiltransferasa) promoter ammonium gliphosate herbicide b)S August 7, treptomyces Identifier OECD: DAS-59132- v 2008 iridochromogenes Soybean (Glycine max) Soybean(Glycine a) Bacillus a)gat4601 August 21, Resistant a max) licheniformis b)gm-hra 2008 Gliphosate and to inhibiting b)Glycine max herbicides of the ALS (acetolactate sinthase) Alelo very resistant that confers tolerance to different herbicides classes including sulfonylurea and imidazolinone Identifier OECD: DP-356043-5 Soybean (Glycine max) Soya(Glycine max) a)Glycine max a)gm-hra September Resistant to 3, 2008 inhibiting herbicides of the ALS b)Glycine max) (aceto b)gmFAD2-1 lactate synthase) Alelo very resistant which confers tolerance to different herbicides classes including sulfonylurea and imidazolinone and increase in the oleic acid concentration Identifier OECD: DP-305423-1 Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) Cotton (Gossypium a)Zea mays a)2mepsps (doble mutation de la September Resistant to the herbicide hirsutum) 5 enolpiruvilshikimato-3-fosfato 22, 2008 gliphosate. sintasa) Identifier OECD: BCS-GH002-5 Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) Cotton (Gossypium a)Bacillus a)cry1Ac, cry2Ab2 September Resistance to lepidopteron hirsutum) thuringiensis 30, 2008 insects and tolerance to the subespec ie, herbicide ammonium kurstak b)bar.codifica a la i Gluphos fosfinotricinacetil inate Ident transferase (PAT). ifier OECD: ACS-GH001-3 b)Streptomyces x MON-15985-7 hygroscopicus Maize (Zea mays) Tolerance to Maize a)Bacillus a)cry 1Ab, mcry3A September the herbicides Gluphosinate and (Zea mays) thuringiensis 30, 2008 gliphosate and resistance to b)pat lepidopteron insects and b)Streptomyces coleopters. viridochromogenes Identifier OECD: SYN-BT011-1 X SYN-IR 604-5 x MON-00021- c)mepsps 9 c)Zea mays d)pmi selection d)E. coli marker which codifies for the phosphomannose isomerase Resistant cotton to insects Cotton Gossypium a)Bacillus a)Gen cry 1Ac October Lepidopteron, resistant to the barbadensis) thuringiensis var. 16, 2008 herbicide ammonium. Ku rstaki Gluphos b)Gen cry 1F inate and gliphosate. Identifier OECD: DAS-21Ø23-5 b)Bacillus x DAS-24236-5 x MON-88913-8 thuringiensis var. c)Gen pat c)Streptomyces d)Gen cp4 epsps viridochromogenes d)Agrobacterium sp. Cepa CP4 Resistant cotton to insects Cotton (Gossypium a)Bacillus a)Gen cry 1Ac October and herb barbadensis) thuringiensis var. 16, 2008 icide Ku rstaki ammonium Gluphosinate b)Gen cry 1F and gliphosate. b)Bacillus Identifier OECD: DAS-21023-5 x thuringiensis var. c)Gen pat DAS-24236-5x MON-01445-2 c)Streptomyces d)Gen cp4 epsps viridochromogenes d)Agrobacterium sp. Cepa CP4 Resistant cotton to insects Cotton (Gossypium a)Bacillus a)Gen cry 1Ac October and herbicide ammonium barbadensis thuringiensis var. 16, 2008 Gluphos inate Kurstaki and g b)Gen cry 1F liphosate. Identifier OECD: DAS-21023-5 b)Bacillus x DAS-24236-5 thuringiensis var. c)Gen pat c)Streptomyces viridochromogenes Maize (Zea mays) Express a Maize a)3 species de a)amy797E chimerical November thermo stable alpha-amylase (Zea mays) Thermococcales 4, 2008 AMY797E Ident b) Sequence N-terminal ifier OECD: b)Zea mays SYN-E3272-5- of 19 aminoacids. GZein c)Zea mays c)sequence C-terminal, SEKDEL. Maize (Zea mays) Resistant to Maize a) Zea mays a) ZM-hra December gliphosate and (Zea mays) 18, 2008 To inhibiting herbicides of the b)Bacillus ALS b) Gat4621- licheniformis Identifier OECD: DP-98140 Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) Cotton (Gossypium a) Bacillus a) cry vip3 Aa January resistant to lepidopters hirsutum) Thuringiensis 20, 2010 Identifier OECD: Sub ?specie tenebrionis SYN-IR 102-7 Maize (Zea mays) Resistant to Maize a)Bacillus a)cry 1A. 105 y January lepidopters and resistant to the (Zea mays) thuringiensis cry2Ab2 20, 2010 root worm and tolerant to Var. kurstaki gliphosate Ident b)cry3 Bb1 ifier OECD: MON b) Bacillus 89034-3 x MON 88017-3 thuringiensis Subsp. c)Gen cp4 Kumamotoensis epsps c)Agrobacterium sp. strain CP4 Maize (Zea mays) Resistant to Maize a)Bacillus a)cry 1A. 105 y January lepidopters and tolerant to (Zea mays) thuringiensis cry2Ab2 20, 2010 gliphosate Var. kurstaki MON 89034-3 x NK 603 Ident b)Gen cp4 ifier OECD: MON b)Agrobacterium sp. 89034-3 x MON-00603-3 epsps strain CP4 Maize (Zea mays) Resistant to Maize a)Bacillus a)cry 1A. 105 y January lepidopters and coleopters, (Zea mays) thuringiensis cry2Ab2 20, 2010 tolerant to gliphosate y Var. kurstaki ammon ium gluphos b)cry 1f. inate Identifier OECD: MON b)Bacillus 89034-3 x TC1507 x MON thuringiensis 88017-3 x DAS-59122-7 Var. aizawai c)cry3Bb1 c)Bacillus d)cry34/35Ab1 thuringiensis Var. Kumamotoensis e)pat d)Bacillus f)cp4 epsps thuringiensis strain PS148B1 e)Streptomyces Viridochomogenes f)Agrobacterium sp. strain CP4 Alfalfa Faena Solution. Tolerant Alfalfa (Medicago a)Agrobacterium sp. f)cp4 epsps January to gliphosate sativa) strain CP4 20,2010 J101 x J163 Identifier OECD: MON-00101-8 x MON-00163-7 Hybrid corn resistant Maize a)Bacillus a)vip3A20 January to Lepidopters (Zea mays) thuringiensis MI 20, 2010 R 162 strain AB88 b)pmi Identifier OECD: SYN-IR 162-4 b)Escherichia coli strain K12 Soybean with oleic acid Soybean (Glycine a) Glycine max a)gm-hra January increase levels, tolerant to max) 20,2010 he rbicides inhibitors of ALS, b) Glycine max and b)gmFAD2-1 tolerant to gliphosate. DP-305423-1 x MON 04032-6 c)Agrobacterium sp. c)Gen epsps strain 4 Combined event of Cotton Cotton (Gossypium a)Streptomyces a)bar January tolerant to herbicides, amonium hirsutum) hygroscopicus 20, 2010 glyphos inate and gliphosate Ident b) 2mepsps ifier OECD: b) Zea mays ACS GH001-3 x BCS-GH002-5 APPENDIX B Appendix B. Mexico?s Approved Field Testing Events of Biotechnology Crops by the National Service of Agro Alimentary Health, Safety and Quality (SENASICA) ? 1998-2007 INSTITUTIO GENETIC LOCATION OF APPLICATION APPROVAL N CROP CHARACTERISTIC EXPERIMENT DATES DATE CAMPBELLS, Tomato Bacillus Guasave, Sinaloa. 09/09/1991 12/Feb. / 1992 SINALOPASTA thuringiensis expression res istance against lepidopteron. CAMPBELLS, Tomato Suppression of Guasave, Sinaloa. 1988 1988 SINALOPASTA po lygalacturonase CAMPBELLS, Tomato Suppression of Guasave, Sinaloa. 09/09/1991 12/feb/1992 S INALOPASTA polygalacturonase CALGENE Tomato FLAVR SAVR TM, Navolato, Sinaloa 10/07/1992 21/sep/1992 2.5 has. delaying of the maturation CINVESTAV Potato Resistance to virus Irapuato, Gto. 14/07/1992 30/sep/1992 100 PVX v PVY, marker NPTII CINVESTAV Tomato B.T. expression, Irapuato, Gto. 22/01/1993 18/mar/1993 0.0368 has. markers KHAN, NPTII, UPJOHN Pumpkin Resistance to VMP, Villagran, Gto. 27/01/1993 10/may/1993 ASGROW VMAP, VMS2 AND VMAZ. CINVESTAV Corn Gene BAR of Irapuato, Gto. 10/03/1993 April-1993 18 plants Streptomyces hygroscopicus and to Gene of Escherichia coli. CALGENE Tomato FLAVR SAVR TM, Culiacán, Sinaloa. 07106/1993 19/jul/1993 delaying of the maturation CALGENE Tomato FLAVR SAVR TM, Culiacán, Sinaloa. 07/06/1993 19/jul/1993 delaying of the maturation CIBA-GEIGY Tobacco Resistance to the San Andrés Tuxtla, 13/09/1993 11/oct/1993 Mo ld Blue Ver. PETOSEED Tomato Anti-sensibility and San Quintín, BC. 19/03/1994 15/sep/94 MEXICAN sensibility to polygalacturonase CIMMYT Wheat Varieties elite Edo. of Mexico 18/03/1994 03/may/1994 transformed with Gene marker (GU) CIMMYT Corn Tropical lines Edo. of Mexico 18103/1994 03/may/1994 transformed, Gene marker (GU) CIMMYT Corn Putative transgenic Edo. of Mexico 18/0311994 03/may/1994 callus of tropical corn CALGENE Tomato FLA VR INC VR Culiacán, Sinaloa. 01/09/1994 11/nov/1994 (pCGN1436) CALGENE Tomato FLAVR SAVR Culiacán, Sinaloa. 07/10/1994 11/nov/1994 (pCGN41 09) CINVESTAV Potato Resistance to virus Irapuato, Gto. 11/08/1994 11/nov/1994 1 has. X and And of the potato, and reporter Gene NPTII AGRITOPE Tomato Gene of Escherichia Vizcaino, BC. 29/12/1994 05/apr/1995 coli, codes to SAMasa, to slow maturation Gene Cry IA (b) AND Gene Cry TO (b) coming Corn of Bacillus Edo. of Mexico 09/01/1995 08/feb/1995 CIMMYT thuringiensis, for resistance to lepidopteron Gene sucrose- phosphate syntase (SPS), reporter Gene uidA (B - glucuronidase) C and marker Gene INVESTAV Ruffle hph Irapuato, Gto. 16/03/1995 05/apr/1995 o f E. coli ace well ace regions regulatory of the gene (SPS), and of the Gene Ubiquitin Genes of the CINVESTAV Tobacco marbled virus Irapuato, Gto. 20/06/1995 13/jul/1995 of the Tobacco Gene of Bacillus Altamira, MALV tton hunngiensis var. INAS Co 35 Aldama, 04/07/1995 09/aug/ has. Kurstaki, for resistance 1995 Tamps. to lepidopteron Gene SAM-handle AGR of coliphages T3 for Guerrero, BC. and ITOPE Tomato to increase shelf Vizcaíno 2/09/1995 04/dec/1995 , BCS 1. life CIMMYT Corn Gene cryIA(b) for Tlaltizapan, Mor. 25/11/1995 08/feb/1996 0.0180 has. the resistance to Diatraea spp. and Spodoptera frugiperda Gene Roundup H Ready, YBRID SEEDS confers resistance Soybean Au 15/11/1995 tlan, Jalisco. 996 to 05/01/1996 08/feb/1 INC DE C.v. herbicide glyphosate. Plasmid PVGMGT04 of Escherichia coli, PIONEER OF Soybean San José del Valle, MEX for tolerance to 0/10/1995 04/dec/1995 ICO 1.2 has. h N 1 ay. erbicide glyphosate Gene of the protein MEXICAN capsule, for the ASGROW Zucchini resistance to La Paz, BCS. 11/09/1995 04/dec/1995 INC DE C.V. VMP,VMS and VMA of Zucchini Gene B73 and PAT MEXICAN that ASGROW Corn grant resistance to Los Mochis, Sinaloa. 23/01/1996 24/apr/1996 . INC DE C 0.1 has.V. herbicides from glufosinate Gene of Bt that MEXICAN ASGROW C grants orn 0.1 h resistance to Los Mochis, Sinaloa. 24/01/1996 24/apr/1996 as. INC DE C.V. insects lepidopteron Gene of Bt, for Culiacán and MONSAN resistance to the TO Jitomate La Cruz, 04/01/1996 08/feb/1996 at tack of larvae of Sinaloa. lepidopteron e of Bt. for MONSANTO C Gen otton 1 h resistance to larvae Matamoros, Coah. 25/01/1996 08/may/1996 as. of lepidopteron Transgenic tubers C obtained INVESTAV Pope 0.25 has. in ndas, Jal. 12/07/1995 09/aug/1995 resistant field Arato PVX AND PVY C xcoco, IMMYT Wheat Gene DHR TeF Me 96 10/apr/1996 x ico 09/02119 CIBA-GEIGY Microorganisms. onilquillo, MEX 12/03/1996 10/apr/1996 ICAN 0.5 h Modified based on Atot Bt as. Jal. Gene CryIA(b) Tlaltizapan, CIMMYT Corn resistant to tropical Mor. 03/04/1996 07/jun/1996 insects Cotton MONSANTO Pilot Programs with 10,000 has. author 400 h cotton B Tamps. 02/04/1996 21/jun/1996 t as. real R Los Mochis, esistance to the virus Sinaloa. HARR of IS LIVES OF Melon Hermosillo, MEX mosaic of the ICO 0.5 has. Sono 14/05/1996 07/jun/1996 ra. cucumber Cd. Obregón, (CMV) Sinaloa. Gene coming from Bt MALVINA Cotton var. Kurstaki for South of Tamps. 29/04/1996 27/jun/1996 control of lepidopteron Gene pAG 172 that AGRITOPE Jitomate gran Colonia Guerrero, BC. ts longer shelf 20/06/1996 04/jul/1996 and V izcaíno, BCS. life Genes markers coming Texcoco, om CEFINI-UNAM fr Alfalfa E 01/07/1996 18/jul/1996 scherichia coli or S Mexico treptomices Laurate canola Gene YOU of the CA San Luis Rio LGENE of colza laurate 4 has. C Colorado 1996 13/sep/1996 , Sono 13/08/ra. alifornian that codes the enzyme tiosterasa 12:O- ACP Gene PV-GMGT04 of Plasmid of San José del Valle, PIONEER Soybean 1.86 Escherichia coli that has. 10 N Without dates 13/sep/1996 ay . they make resistant to glyphosate Gene crylA(b) that grants resistance to European screwworm Lines PIONEER Corn 0.26 pJR16S San José del Valle, and pJR16A 996 has. w N Without dates 13/sep/1 ay. ith to Gene of poligalacturonase that grants bigger life of shelf ZENECA San Juan de Abajo, Tomato N 10/06/1996 13/sep/1996 ay . Two Genes of EPSPS that they MONSANTO Soybean 0.26 confer toleran San Juan de Abajo, ce to has. N 15/08/1996 13/sep/1996 ay . the herbicide glyphosate Caborca and Cd. Two Genes EPSPS Obregón, and the Gene nptll Sonora. MONSAN that they grant Culiacán, Sinaloa. TO Cotton 3.5 h 15/08/1996 13/sep/1996 as. resistance to Mexicali, BC. herbicide Matamoros and glyphosate Tampico, Tam. Torreon, Coah. nsgenic tubers Celaya, Gto. C pe Tra INVESTAV Po 2.25 resistant to VPX Saltillo, Coah. 09/09/1996 01/nov/1996 has. and VPY Navojoa, Sinaloa. Gene CAC slows Valle del Yaqui, DNA PLANT Tomato the maturation of Sonora. and Culiacán, 08/10/1996 31/oct/1996 the fruit Sinaloa. Gene of Bt cryIA(b); cryIA(c); cryIB and Edo. of CIMM Corn YT 0.0092 cryAC has. Me 23/10/1996 22/nov/1996 xico. that grants resistance to lepidopteron
Posted: 28 November 2010, last updated 25 February 2011

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