Announcement that contains the Project of Agreement that establishes the mitigation measures for reducing the risk for importing potato tuber into Mexico.
THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY
USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT
GAIN Report Number: MX2083
Potato Risk Mitigation Measures Announced
Potatoes and Potato Products
Agriculture in the News
Agriculture in the Economy
Trade Policy Monitoring
Daniel K. Berman
The Secretariat of Agriculture (SAGARPA) published in the Diario Oficial (Federal Register), on
November 20, 2012, an announcement containing the “Project of Agreement that establishes the
mitigation measures for reducing the risk for importing potato tuber into Mexico.” This Project of
Agreement is open for public comments for 60 calendar days. This report provides some general
information on how high-risk pests shall be treated (i.e., originate from pest-free areas or be irradiated).
Introduction: This report summarizes a SAGARPA announcement published in Mexico’s Federal
Register on November 20, 2012, containing the “Project of Agreement that establishes the mitigation
measures for reducing the risk for importing potato tuber into Mexico.” This Project is open for public
comments for 60 calendar days.
Disclaimer: This summary is based on a cursory review of the subject announcement and therefore
should not, under any circumstances, be viewed as a definitive reading of the regulation in question, or
of its implications for U.S. agricultural export trade interests. In the event of a discrepancy or
discrepancies between this summary and the complete regulation or announcement as published in
Spanish, the latter shall prevail.
Title: Announcement that contains the Project of Agreement that establishes the mitigation measures
for reducing the risk for importing potato tuber into Mexico.
On November 20, 2012, SAGARPA published an announcement in the Federal Register containing the
Project of Agreement that establishes the mitigation measures for reducing the alleged risk of importing
potatoes into Mexico. While the draft was in COFEMER (the Mexican equivalent of the U.S. Office of
Management and Budget), the Mexican government received 64 comments as well as technical
arguments that were taken into consideration in order to formulate the current Project. The Pest Risk
Analysis mentioned in this Project may be consulted at the SAGARPA/SENASICA’s web page
The purpose of the Project is to establish a list of quarantine pests that affect potatoes and the
phytosanitary mitigation measures to be taken to reduce the risk of importing potatoes from any part of
the world into Mexico.
Once this Project is official, in order to import any quantity of potato tubers into Mexico from any part
of the world, the plant health risk mitigation regulations established in this Project should be followed.
These mitigation measures and their specifications by type of product and by country of origin shall be
available at the “Plant Health Requirements for Imports Service” website at www.senasica.gob.mx.
The following are some of the phytosanitary measures that apply to import potatoes from any country,
including the United States:
I. High-risk quarantine pests
a) Tubers must be produced in pest-free areas recognized by Mexico according to the International
Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM) established by the International Plant Protection
Convention (IPPC) of the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (UN); or,
MX2083 Potato Risk Mitigation Measures Announced Page 2
tubers must be submitted to irradiation with treatment at a dose of 6,000 Gy (Grey degrees).
b) For the specific cases of Globodera rostochiensis, Meloidogyne chitwoodi and PVYn, which are
regulated by Mexico, the plant health measures established in current legislation that apply to Mexican-
origin potato tubers shall apply.
c) Potato tubers must be produced using certified seeds. Exporters must submit a written statement to
Mexican Plant Protection officials in charge of certifying the shipment, which indicates that potato
tubers contained in the shipment, were produced from certified seed potatoes.
The specifications for meeting these phytosanitary measures shall be established in a Work Plan signed
by SAGARPA through National Service of Health, Food Safety, and Food Quality (SENASICA) and
the Plant Protection Office of the country of origin.
This Project is open for public comments. Comments must be submitted in Spanish and must be of a
scientific and technical basis. Comments can be submitted to the following address:
Dirección General de Sanidad Vegetal
Servicio Nacional de Sanidad, Inocuidad y Calidad Agroalimentaria,
Guillermo Pérez Valenzuela número 127,
Colonia Del Carmen Coyoacán, código postal 04100,
Or to the following E-mail: email@example.com
1. Publication Date: November 20, 2012
2. Effective Date: Sixty calendar days after publication
Based on the PRA mentioned in the Project, the following is a list of quarantine pests categorized by
level of risk and taxonomic group.
Andean potato latent virus (APLV)
Andean potato mottle virus (APMoV)
Arracacha virus B strain oca (AVB-O)
Beet curly top virus (BCTV)
Potato aucuba mosaic virus (PAMV)
Potato black ringspot virus (PBRSV)
Potato deforming mosaic virus (PDMV)
Potato latent virus (PotLV)
Potato mop-top virus (PMTV)
Potato rough dwarf virus (PRDV)
Potato virus T (PVT)
Potato virus U (PVU)
MX2083 Potato Risk Mitigation Measures Announced Page 3
Potato virus V (PVV)
Potato virus Yc (PVYc)
Potato potyvirus YN (PVYN)
Potato potyvirus YNTN (PVYNTN)
Potato yellow dwarf virus (PYDV)
Potato yellowing virus (PYV)
Potato yellow vein virus (PYVV)
Solanum apical leaf curl virus (SALCV)
Southern potato latent virus (SoPLV)
Tobacco necrosis virus (TNV)
Tomato black ring virus (TBRV)
Tomato yellow mosaic virus (ToYMV)
Potato marginal flavescence (PMF)
Potato phillody (PP)
Potato purple-top roll phytoplasma (PTR)
Potato witches broom phytoplasma (PWB)
Potato stolbur (PS)
Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus
Erwinia carotovora subsp. betavasculorum
Ralstonia solanacearum raza 3 biovar 2
Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. tuberosi
Phoma exigua var. foveata
MX2083 Potato Risk Mitigation Measures Announced Page 4
For More Information
FAS/Mexico Web Site: We are available at www.mexico-usda.com or visit the FAS headquarters'
home page at www.fas.usda.gov for a complete selection of FAS worldwide agricultural reporting.
Useful Mexican Web Sites: Mexico's equivalent of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (SAGARPA)
can be found at www.sagarpa.gob.mx, the equivalent of the U.S. Department of Commerce (SE) can be
found at www.economia.gob.mx, and the equivalent of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration
(SALUD) can be found at www.salud.gob.mx. These web sites are mentioned for the reader's
convenience but USDA does NOT in any way endorse, guarantee the accuracy of, or necessarily concur
with, the information contained on the mentioned sites.
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