Commercial Biotech Cultivation Authorize

An Expert's View about Seed Processing in Mexico

Last updated: 20 Aug 2011

On October 10, 2010, the Government of Mexico (GOM) finally authorized the first 9,500 hectares (ha) of biotech-derived cotton commercially cultivated in Mexico.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 7/15/11 GAIN Report Number: MX1056 Mexico Agricultural Biotechnology Annual Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivation Approved By: Carlos A. Gonzalez Prepared By: Benjamin Juarez and Adam Branson Report Highlights: On October 10, 2010, the Government of Mexico (GOM) finally authorized the first 9,500 hectares (ha) of biotech-derived cotton commercially cultivated in Mexico. Moreover, official sources expect that approximately 200,000 ha of biotech cotton will receive commercial permits in 2012. In addition, the GOM has continued to grant permits to developers for experimental releases of genetically-modified corn into the environment, authorizing 67 experimental trials of genetically-engineered (GE) corn varieties in northern Mexico in 2010 and through part of 2011. According to the Bio-safety Law, it is in the best interest of biotech developers to complete the experimental stage as soon as possible in order to begin the pilot stage and, afterwards, the commercialization stage. Mexico has no significant trade barriers to biotech crops or foods derived from biotechnology. Section I. Executive Summary: In 2010, Mexico accounted for 14.6 percent of U.S. agricultural exports and 13.6 percent of U.S. agricultural imports as defined and categorized by USDA. Between 1993 (the last year prior to North America Free Trade Agreement?s implementation) and 2010, U.S. agricultural exports to Mexico expanded at a compound annual rate of 8.5 percent, while agricultural imports from Mexico grew at a rate of 9.9 percent. In 2009, however, U.S. agricultural exports to Mexico experienced their first year- to-year decline since 1999 due to the economic downturn. With the recovery of the economy in 2010, U.S. agricultural exports to Mexico increased by 13 percent over the previous year?s levels, while corresponding imports increased by 19 percent. Grains, oilseeds, meat, and related products make up about three-fourths of U.S. agricultural exports to Mexico. Under the Bio-safety Law and its Implementation Rules (Reglamento), three different agencies are responsible for Mexico?s biotech policies, while the Inter-Ministerial Commission on Biosecurity and Genetically Modified Organisms (CIBIOGEM) coordinates Mexico?s biotech activities. On October 10, 2010, the Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fishery and Food (SAGARPA), through the National Service of Health, Food Safety, and Food Quality (SENASICA), finally authorized the first 9,500 hectares (ha) of biotech-derived cotton commercially cultivated in Mexico. Moreover, SENASICA expects that approximately 200,000 ha of biotech cotton will receive commercial permits in 2012. Corn remains the central focus of Mexico?s biotech regulations and it may take years before the Government of Mexico (GOM) issues commercial permits for corn trials. In the meantime, in 2010 and through part of 2011, SAGARAPA, through SENASICA, authorized 67 experimental trials of genetically-engineered (GE) corn varieties in northern Mexico and in October 2010 granted approval to conduct the first pilot test of GE corn in northern Tamaulipas. However, the developer chose not to proceed with the pilot test due to the significant number of restrictions and limited area granted for the pilot test. According to industry sources, the developer is considering a new pilot test request for the end of 2011 in Sinaloa. MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 2 Section II. Biotechnology Trade and Production Based on Mexico?s Biosafety Law (See ?Plant Biotechnology Policy? section, below), any transgenic seed has to go through three different testing phases: experimental, pilot, and commercial. According to the Biosafety Law, it is in the best interests of biotechnology developers to complete experimental testing as soon as possible in order to begin the pilot testing and, afterwards, the commercial testing. Despite the fact that Mexico is cultivating approximately 402,000 ha of biotechnology crops (mainly cotton, soybeans, and small areas of corn and wheat), only 9,500 ha (GE cotton) is produced commercially. The rest of the acreage is for experimental and pilot testing purposes in accordance with the Biosafety Law, which governs the importation, domestic shipment, and establishment of field trials for organisms that have been manipulated by GE. A list of biotechnology crops approved for field-testing along with the area planted can be found in Appendix B. Based on this official information, Mexico planted 392,500 ha of biotech crops for experimental and pilot testing purposes in calendar year 2010. The transgenic events include tolerance to herbicides, resistance to insects, drought resistance and a combination of herbicide tolerance, insect resistance and drought resistance. The GE cotton approved for commercial planting has herbicide tolerance and insect resistance. It is approved for cultivation in the states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, and Durango. According to SENASICA approximately 200,000 ha of GE cotton will receive commercial permits in 2012. The cotton production obtained from this area should be consumed by domestic mills. Table 1. Mexico: Status of the Resolutions of Permit Requests for the Environmental Release of GMOs, Submitted in 2010 and 2011* Total Approved Non - Approved Non - Cr In Risk op Applications 2010 Approved 2011 Approved Analysis 2010 2011 Corn 76 29 3 39 8** 0 Cotton 33 3 0 30 0 0 Wheat 6 6 0 0 0 0 Soybean 3 3 0 0 0 0 Total 118 41 3 69 8 0 *Information as of June 28, 2011 ** Includes the Events Non-approved of 2010 Source: SENASICA All biotechnology crops being tested in Mexico were developed in the United States and have passed through the U.S. regulatory system. A list of biotechnology crops approved for human consumption can be found in Appendix A. Unlike the United States, Mexico does not make a distinction between food and feed approval, but rather approves both for human consumption. MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 3 As Mexico is not a food aid recipient, there is no issue related to biotechnology that impedes the importation of food aid from the United States. In 2010, Mexico accounted for 14.6 percent of U.S. agricultural exports and 13.6 percent of imports, as defined and categorized by USDA. The country?s population and economy continue growing and the market will remain important for the United States. The following table shows Mexico?s imports of several biotechnology-derived agricultural goods from the United States for the four last years. Table 2. Mexico: Imports of Several U.S. Agricultural Products that Could Be Derived from Biotechnology Quantity (MT) January ? December Product Country 2007 2008 2009 2010 Corn United States 7,843,307 9,090,761 7,207,690 7,855,671 Soybean United States 3,610,150 3,477,734 3,379,823 3,782,090 Soybean Meal United States 1,626,122 1,485,757 1,345,408 1,382,791 Rice United States 821,978 797,344 816,427 842,188 Soybean Oil United States 158,336 212,708 174,096 195,590 Canola United States 30,394 25,475 48,855 47,989 Canola Oil United States 9,010 40,885 13,890 8,749 Source: Secretariat of Economy (SE) & SAGARPA Section III. Plant Biotechnology Policy: Biotechnology policy activities in Mexico are coordinated by CIBIOGEM, but the body has no enforcement function. Created in 1999, CIBIOGEM coordinates federal policy related to the production, export, movement, propagation, release, consumption, and advantageous use of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) and their products and by-products. Several agencies comprise CIBIOGEM, including Mexico?s National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT), and representatives of six Secretariats: Agriculture, Environment and Natural Resources, Health, Treasury, Economy, and Education. The CIBIOGEM presidency is held for periods of two years on a rotating basis among the Secretaries of Agriculture (SAGARPA), Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT), and Health (SALUD). Currently the President of CIBIOGEM is the Secretary of SEMARNAT. CIBIOGEM has a Vice President, permanently held by the Director General of CONACYT. According to the Biosafety Law, CIBIOGEM is led by an Executive Secretary who is nominated by CONACYT after consultations with the member Secretariats and then approved by the President. Mexico?s comprehensive biotech regulation is the Biosafety Law, which was passed in February 2005. This law addresses a number of legislative issues for the regulation and marketing of biotech-derived products. Mexico?s Biosafety Law and its Implementation Rules (Reglamento) are designed to prevent and control the possible risks associated from the use and application of biotechnology products to human health, plant and animal health, and environmental well-being. The Biosafety Law also defines the respective responsibilities and jurisdictions of the Mexican Secretariats and agencies that monitor and/or enforce biotechnology regulations. In general, the responsibilities and the roles of the Mexican Government Secretariats are as follows: MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 4 SAGARPA - The role of SAGARPA is to analyze and assess, on a case-by-case basis, all of the potential risks to animal, plant, and aquatic health, as well as to the environment and biological diversity, posed by activities carried out with GMOs and based on the risk assessments and results drafted and filed by the interested parties. SAGARPA is responsible for deciding what GMO-related activities are permissible and issues permits for those activities. SAGARPA also provides guidelines and parameters for all GMO-related experiments and activities. These activities include: experimental field trials, pilot program releases, commercial releases, marketing, and GMO imports and exports. Finally, SAGARPA is responsible for monitoring the effects that accidental or permitted release of GMOs may cause to animals, plants, aquatic health, and biological diversity. SEMARNAT ? The role of SEMARNAT is to analyze and assess, on a case-by-case basis, all of the potential risks that activities carried out with GMOs may cause to the environment and biological diversity. These analyses are based on the risk assessment studies and results drafted and filed by the interested parties. In addition, SEMARNAT is responsible for permitting and licensing activities that involve the environmental release of GMOs and is charged with providing guidelines and parameters for such activities. SEMARNAT also monitors the effects on the environment or biological diversity that may be caused by the accidental release of GMOs. In instances in which SAGARPA has primary responsibility for an experiment or activity, SEMARNAT is still responsible for issuing bio-safety opinions prior to SAGARPA?s resolution. (NOTE: SAGARPA, not SEMARNAT, issues approval for environmental release, although SEMARNAT renders an opinion to SAGARPA beforehand through the inter-agency process. END NOTE.) SALUD - The role of SALUD is to assure the food safety of biotechnology-derived agricultural products destined for use as medicines or for human consumption. SALUD also assesses, on a case-by- case basis, studies drafted and filed by interested parties on the safety and potential risks of GMOs authorized under the Biosafety Law. While the Biosafety Law is the regulatory framework, the Implementation Rules contribute to the harmonization and consolidation of the previously fragmented nature of Mexico?s biotech policies. For example, the Implementation Rule changes in 2009 allowed developers and research institutions to experiment with biotech corn in approved regions of Mexico. The Implementation Rules supplement the Biosafety Law by: Authorizing relevant agencies to issue environmental release permits for GMOs; Defining the notification process for the Confined Use of GMOs; Creating internal bio-safety committees; Defining the GMOs that should be regulated by SALUD for the purpose of human health protection; and Defining how biosafety information is to be publicly disseminated through the National System of Biosafety. As a complement to the Biosafety Law, SEMARNAT updated the Implementation Rules on March 19, 2008, in Mexico?s Federal Register (Diario Oficial). The Implementation Rules regulate the study, experimental planting, and potential sale of GMOs along with providing the basis for biotechnological research and creating the monitoring mechanisms for importing GE products into and producing GE crops throughout Mexico. MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 5 In general, the Implementation Rules: Regulate any activity that modifies the genetic material of an organism; Permit the environmental release of GMOs for experimental purposes; Permit the environmental release of GMOs in stages prior to commercial release (pilot tests); and, Permit the environmental release of GMOs for commercial purposes. The Implementation Rules clarify and define a number of procedures and expectations, such as: Specifics on inspection, surveillance activities, and security measures; Guidelines on how sanctions will be administered in the event that the law is broken; Requirements, time frames, and procedures for the appropriate Secretariats to use when issuing permits and notifications; and a framework for an appeals process for the relevant Secretariats. Mexico?s Biosafety Law and the Implementation Rules do not specify a threshold limit for GMOs, but sources stated that this could be interpreted a zero-tolerance. The Biosafety Law does not require labeling for packaged foods and feeds, but labeling is required for seeds for planting (Provision 101). Labeling information should include the fact that the planting seeds are genetically-engineered, the characteristics of the acquired genetic combination, implications with regard to special conditions and growing requirements, and changes in reproductive and productive characteristics. Also, Mexico?s Biosafety law states that centers of origin for native corn species are off limits to biotech corn plantings. According to private sources, the National Commission for the Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity (CONABIO) and the National Ecology Institute (INE) have been working on a map of the country that will detail these of centers of origin and it is estimated that this map could be completed by the end of this year. For stacked events, the GOM does not require additional reviews or approvals for a plant that combines two or more already-approved GE traits. On April 15, 2011, SAGARPA published in Mexico?s Federal Register an agreement defining the notification process for the Confined Use of GMOs. According to SENASICA sources, this agreement facilitates the development of confined use of GMOs by allowing developers, universities, and research institutes engaged in the confined use of GMOs to conduct work on events through a notification to authorities (i.e., SENASICA). Consequently, SENASICA will not need to grant permission or authorization. SENASICA, however, will retain the right to conduct random inspections and check that required procedures are followed. Additionally, sources stated that SENASICA will gain knowledge about the various research centers, universities, and developers undertaking confined use of GMOs because it is suspected that many institutions currently engaged in confined use of GMOs do not inform the authorities of their research due to a lack knowledge of the regulations and/or fear being prosecuted. (NOTE: The Mexican Biosafety Law states that the ?confined use? of a GMO is any activity by means of which the genetic material of an organism is modified or through which said organism is modified, grown, stored, used, processed, marketed, destroyed or eliminated. In order to carry out such confined use activities, physical barriers or a combination of chemical or biological barriers are to be used with the aim of effectively limiting contact with people and the environment. For purposes of this Law, the MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 6 area of the facilities or the scope of the confined use space cannot be part of the environment. END NOTE.) According to SENASICA officials, there are four regulations (NOMs) related to the Biosafety Law being drafted this year. These include: 1. A standard that establishes the content of the report containing the results of the environmental release activities for experimental and pilot tests of GMOs and any related possible risks to the environment and biological diversity. 2. A labeling standard that includes general labeling specifications for GE seeds intended for planting, cultivation and agricultural production. 3. A standard for plant risk assessment that establishes the requirements for the assessment of potential risks that GMOs could cause to plant health, the environment, and biological diversity during the experimental and pilot stages. 4. A standard for risk assessment that establishes the requirements that must be included in the assessment of potential risks in the event of an environmental release of GMOs as it applies to animal health, aquaculture and fisheries. A total of 93 biotech events are now authorized for use in Mexico, with the most recent being approved on February 28, 2011. The GOM authorized the importation of three different varieties of genetically- engineered maize for food and feed purposes (not planting). (Please refer to Appendix A.) According to SAGARPA, there is a 2 percent foreign material tolerance in imports of genetically engineered seed. Inspections may be done at warehouses in order to avoid rejections at the border. This percentage level is a serious area of contention for many importers. Organics Law The Organic Products Law was published in the Federal Register on February 7, 2006. This law establishes additional regulations for the use of biotech-derived food products. There are three specific areas in which this law regulates biotech-derived products: Provision 27 of the Organics Law states that the use of all materials, products, and ingredients or inputs that come from, or have been produced with, genetically engineered organisms are prohibited in the entire production chain of organic products; The law also prohibits the use of substances or forbidden materials referred to in provision 27 that alter the organic characteristics of the products; and The law allows SAGARPA to impose a fine of up to 700,000 pesos (roughly U.S. $59,000) on any firm or individual that is found guilty of violating the law. Since the Organic Products Law was published, the GOM?s involvement in this sector has increased significantly. As mandated in this law, the National Council for Organic Production (CNPO ? Consejo Nacional de Producción Orgánica) was established in 2007 with the participation of producers, processors, importers/distributors, universities, government entities and certifiers to act as consultants for SAGARPA on organic production and commercialization issues. From 2006 to 2008, SAGARPA developed the ?Regulations for the Organic Products Law? with support from SEMARNAT, SALUD, and SE. Finally, on April 1, 2010, these Regulations were published in Mexico?s Federal Register. MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 7 Among the provisions in the law is a requirement that organic products must include a national seal issued by SAGARPA, which has to be included in the labeling of organic products. Moreover, the label must establish the number of certified organic ingredients and the identification number of the organic certification body that issued the certificate. The Implementation Regulations also mention that the label should include the statement that the product is free of GMOs. The Regulations also require that SAGARPA publish, in March of each year, a list of materials, substances, products, methods and ingredients permitted, restricted and prohibited in the entire production chain. Sources stated that the publication of these Regulations represents a very important step in Mexico?s regulatory process for organic products. The regulatory framework for organic production in Mexico is not complete until the ?Guidelines for Organic Operation? are published. The guidelines are now being circulated for review within the General Legal Coordination body of SAGARPA. Once the guidelines are approved, the Federal Commission for Regulatory Improvement (COFEMER) will publish them on its website for comments. COFEMER is a technically and administratively autonomous organism of the SE and its function is to ensure transparency in the drafting of federal regulations and to promote the development of cost- effective regulations that produce the greatest net benefit. The ?Guidelines for Organic Operation? will provide the legal framework and standards for organic production and marketing in Mexico including, the labeling requirements for organic products and several other important policies related to the organics sector. The Law of Organic Products and its associated Regulations (see above) make up the general regulatory framework for organic production in Mexico and establish the basis for international recognition and negotiation of equivalency agreements with authorities from other countries, such as Canada, the United States and the European Union. Currently, there is no organic labeling policy in place and the official logo has not yet been defined. Until this takes place, organic products are subject to general labeling requirements (See 2011 GAIN Report MX0322 ?Organic Foods Find Growing Niche in Mexico.?) Cartagena Protocol In 2002, the Mexican Senate ratified the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (CPB). This ratification helped ensure final congressional approval for the Biosafety Law in February 2005, as Mexico was obligated under the CPB to pass domestic legislation that harmonizes its domestic laws with its international obligations. Section IV. Plant Biotechnology Marketing Issues: In general, Mexican consumers, producers, importers, and retailers remain disengaged from the biotechnology debate, with the latter often opting to let industry trade associations conduct any significant lobbying and educational outreach that may be necessary. Generally, Mexican consumers are concerned with the price and quality of their food and not its genetic composition. However, Mexicans across the socio-economic spectrum generally draw a distinction between conventional and genetically engineered corn, as many have concerns about the integrity of Mexico?s native corn species. MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 8 For Mexicans, corn is a symbol of their heritage, so acceptance of this technology may well be tied to protecting this native plant. Section V. Plant Biotechnology Capacity Building and Outreach: Through the North America Biotechnology Initiative (NABI), Mexico continues to harmonize its regulatory approach to agricultural biotechnology with its NAFTA partners (the United States and Canada). NABI is a forum for technical information exchange and for high-level policy discussion on biotechnology. It exists to identify and solve issues of common interest as well as to identify areas for further cooperation. This forum helps Mexico identify and address regulatory gaps and promotes a trilateral harmonized approach to agricultural biotechnology regulations. Under NABI, for example, Mexican CIBIOGEM and SAGARPA officials are having routine conference calls with their counterparts (i.e., USDA, EPA, and FDA) in the United States and Canada. The GOM co-organized the ?Symposium on Assessment Environmental Risk of Genetically Modified Crops in Mexico? with AgroBio, the Center for Environmental Risk Assessment (CERA), the International Life Sciences Institute Mexico (ILSI Mexico), and the Technical Committee for the Administration of Agricultural Biotechnology (ABSTC). The main purpose of this symposium was to bring together regulators, academics, scientific advisors, and industry scientists to discuss the current state of Mexico?s regulations and to facilitate environmental risk assessments. The Symposium took place in Mexico City from March 2 to 3, 2011, and was divided into three sessions: Regulation and Evaluation of Genetically Modified Crops in Mexico. Formulation of Problems with Environmental Risk Assessment Case Studies for the Formulation of Problems of Genetically Modified Crops in Mexico. (NOTE: AgroBio is a private organization that represents the major biotechnology developers active in Mexico and its main objectives are to promote the positive use of biotechnology as well as to share and to disseminate scientific knowledge to policy makers, lawmakers, and the public.) From June 14 to 16, 2011, SENASICA organized a biotech workshop for officials from SAGARPA, SALUD, SEMARNAT, INIFAP as well as several other academic institutions. The workshop was called: ?The Legal Framework Applicable to the Biosafety of GMOs in the United States and its Implementation: Experiences with GE corn.? The main purpose of the workshop was to share experiences between the two countries regarding the regulatory framework applicable to the GMOs, particularly those related to GE corn. During the workshop, U.S. officials talked about biotechnology and the U.S. coordinated regulatory framework. Section VI. Animal Biotechnology: According to official sources, genetic engineering is not being used in Mexico for the development of agriculturally relevant animals and there is no work being done in this area. However, if it were to be carried out, the relevant institutions would be the Biotechnology Institute of the Mexico?s National Autonomous University (UNAM) and the Center of Research and Advanced Studies of the National Technical Institute (CINVESTAV). MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 9 Moreover, there are not any genetically engineered animals or products derived from animals intended for or currently in commercial production in Mexico. Despite the significant human and physical infrastructure that Mexico has in the biotech area, it has lagged behind in research in different areas that affect the development of biotechnological applications, such as the production of genetically engineered animals. As in the case of plant biotechnology, the Biosafety Law and its Implementation Rules are the comprehensive legal biotech framework that regulates the development, commercial use, import and/or disposal of genetically-engineered animals or products derived from these animals. Similarly, SAGARPA, SEMARNAT and SALUD are the Mexican Secretariats that monitor and/or enforce biotechnology regulations for Animal Biotechnology (see Section III Plant Biotechnology Policy). Official sources indicate that there is no current outspoken opposition to GE animals although there may be some considering that a certain segment of the public is opposed to GE crops. In general, official sources have stated that the public lacks knowledge about genetically engineered animals and it is essential to educate the public on this issue. MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 10 APPENDIX A Biotechnology Crops for Approved Human Consumption (1995-2011) Name, Event Identification Receiver Donor Organisms Introduced Genes Release and Characteristic Organism Date Conferred Tomato (Lycopersicum Tomato (Lycopersicum a) Gene of February esculentum) retarded (Lycopersicum esculentum) Poligalacturonase 14, 1995 maturation esculentum) b) Gene of resistance to Tomato Flavr Savr Kanamycin (Kanr) Potato (Solanum Tuberosum) Potato Bacillus a) Gene Cry IIIA of March resistant to the Colorado (Solanum Thuringiensis Bacillus Thuringiensis 20, 1996 Potato Beetle (decemlineata Tuberosum) Subsp tenebrionis Leptinotarsa) Subsp tenebrionis b) Gene ntpII (Neomycin phosphor- transfers type II) Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) (Gossypium Bacillus a) Gene Cry IA (c) from Septemb resistant to Lepidopteron and hirsutum) Thuringiensis bacillus er 18, Kanamycin insects subsp Thuringiensis subps 1996 Cotton Bollgard kurstaki kurstaki Identification OECD: MON b) Gene ntpII øø531-6 (Neomycin phosphor- transfers Type II) Canola (Brassica napus) Canola Land bacterium sp. a) Gene 5 Septemb tolerant to the glyphosate (Brassica Stock 4 enolpiruvilshikimato er 18, herbicide Napus) 3-phosphate sintetasa 1996 Canola Roundup Ready ® of Agrobacterium RT73 Canada/GT73 EU sp. Stock 4 Identification OECD: MON- ØØØ73-7 b) Gene from resistance to the kanamycin (Kanr) Soybean (Glycine max) Soybean Agrobacterium a) Gene 5 Septemb tolerant to herbicide (Glycine SP. enolpiruvilshikimato 3 er 18, glyphosate Max L) Stock 4 phosphate sintetase from 1996 Soybean Roundup ® or Faena Agrobacterium sp. Stock 4 ® b) Gene of tolerant to GTS 40-3-2 Kanamycin (Kan r) Identification OECD: MON- Ø4Ø32-6 Tomatoes (Lycopersicum Tomatoes Lycopersicum a) Gene of Septemb esculentum) of retarded (Lycopersicum esculentum Tomato Poligalacturonase er 18, maturation B, Gives, F esculentum) with reduced activity of 1996 b) Gene ntpII (neomycin type II phospho- transferase) Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) Cotton Klebisiella a) Gene BXN of klebisiella Septemb resistant to bromoxinil Cotton (Gossypium ozaneae ozaneae that codify er 28, BXN hirsutum) nitrilase 1996 MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 11 Tomato (Lycopersicum Tomato Tomato a) Fragment of gene of the Novembe esculentum) of retarded (Lycopersicum Lycopersicum Aminocyclopropane acid r 18, maturation esculentum) esculentum Carboxilic sintetase 1998 Line 1345-4 (AccS), of Tomato b) Gene ntpll (neomycin type II phospho- transferase) Canola (Brassica napus) Canola Streptomyces a) Gene bar from February tolerant to Ammonium (Brassica viridochromogene phosphinotricine acetyl 22, 1999 Gluphosinate herbicide napus L.) es to transfer of and kanamycin tolerant. (PAT) Variety MS1/RF1 or You run Streptomyces into 19/2 hybrid of the lines viridochromogenees B91-4, B93-101, B94-1 and b) Gene ntpII B94-2 (neomycin phospho- HCN92 type II transferase) Identification OECD: ACS- BN ØØ4-7 Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum Cotton Agrobacterium sp a) Gene EPSPS from July 17, L.) tolerant to the Glyphosate (Gossypium Stock CP4 Agrobacterium sp. 2000 herbicide hirsutum L.) Stock CP4 Cotton Roundup Ready ® Lines 1445 and 1698 Identification OECD: MON-Ø 1445-2 Canola (Brassica oleifera Canola Streptomyces a) Gene of Septemb napus L.) Ammonium (Brassica Viridocromo genes phosphinotricine er 20, Gluphosinate herbicide oleifera napus it acetiltranferase 2001 tolerant L.) (pat) of Variety T45 (HCN28) Streptomyces Viridocromogenes b) Gene ntpll (neomycin phosphor- transfers type ll) Potato (Solanum Tuberosum) Potato (Solanum Bacillus a) Gene Cry 3A from Septemb resistant to Network beetle Tuberosum) Thuringiensis B. Thuringiensis er 26, (decemlineata Leptinofarsa) subsp. Subsp. Tenebrionis 2001 and to the virus from Tenebrionis b) Gene from virus Potato leaf-roll virus (PLRV) PLRV replication Pope New Leaf® Extra Virus PLRV c) Gene ntpll RBMT 21-129, 21-350 (neomycin phosphor- RBMT 22-82 transfers type II) Identification OECD: NMK- 89648-1 NMK-89185-6 NMK-89896-6 Potato (Solanum Tuberosum) Potato (Solanum Bacillus a) Gene Cry 3A from Septemb resistant to Colorado beetle Tuberosum Thuringiensis Bacillus er 26, (decemlineata Leptinofarsa) subsp. Thuringiensis Subsp. 2001 and potato virus (PVY) Tenebrionis Tenebrionis Pope New Leaf ® and b) Gene of the RBMT 15-101 Protein of the SEMT 15-02, SEMT 15-15 Virus PVY Capside of virus Identification OECD: NMK- PVY 89653-6 c) Gene ntpII NMK-89935-9 (Neomycin phosphor- MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 12 NMK-89930-4 Transfers type II) Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) Cotton Bacillus a) Gene Cry 1Ac from April 30, Resistant to insects (Gossypium Thuringiensis Bacillus 2002 Lepidopteron and tolerant to Hirsutum) subsp Thuringiensis subsp herbicide glyphosate Kurstaki HD-73 Kurstaki HD-73 Cotton Bollgard/Roundup Ready® Agrobacterium sp b) Gene cp4 epsps Identification OECD: Stock CP4 of Agrobacterium MON Ø Ø531-6 X MON Ø sp. Stock CP4 1445-2 Maize (Zea mays L.) tolerant Maize (Zea Maize (Zea Gene EPSPS from Maize May 24, to herbicide glyphosate mays L) mays L) 2002 Line GA21 Maize Roundup Ready® Identification OECD: MON- ØØØ21-9 Maize (Zea mays L.) tolerant Maize (Zea Agrobacterium sp a) Gene CP$ June 7, to herbicide glyphosate mays L) Stock CP4 EPSPS and CP4 2002 Line NK 603 EPSPS L2114P of Maize Roundup Ready® Agrobacterium sp Identification OECD: MON- Stock CP4 ØØ6Ø3-6 Maize (Zea mays L.) resistant Maize (Zea Bacillus a) Gene CryIA (b) from Novembe to insects lepidopterist, mays L) Thuringiensis Bacillus r 6, 2002 Line MON810 subsp Thuringiensis subsp Maize Yieldgard® Kurstaki Kurstaki Identification OECD: MON- Ø81Ø-6 Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) Cotton Bacillus a) Gene Cry 1Ac from Septemb Resistant to lepidopterist, (Gossypium Thuringiensis Bacillus er 15, Cotton Bollgard II, line 15985 hirsutum) subsp Thuringiensis subsp 2003 Identification OECD: MON- Kurstaki Kurstaki 15985-7 b) Gene Cry 2Ab from Bacillus Thuringiensis c) Gene GUS (?-D- it glucoronidase) d) Gene ntpll (neomycin phosphor- transfers type II) e) Gene uidA Maize (Zea mays L.) resistant Maize (Zea Bacillus a) Gene Cry 1F from Septemb to lepidopterist insects and mays L.) Thuringiensis bar. Bacillus er 15, Tolerant to ammonium Oizawai stock PS Thuringiensis bar. 2003 gluphosinate herbicide, line Bt 811 Oizawai stock PS Cry 811 1F 1507 streptomyces b) Gene PAT Identification OECD: DAS- viridochromogene (phosphinotricine acetyl Ø15Ø7-1 es transfers) of streptomyces viridochromogenees MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 13 Maize (Zea mays L.) resistant Maize (Zea Bacillus a) Gene Cry 3B (b) 1 from October to coleopteron insects, and to mays L.) Thuringiensis Bacillus 7, 2003 Kanamycin Subsp. Thuringiensis Event MON 863 kumatoensis Subsp. Kumatoensis Identification OECD: MON- b) Gene ntpll ØØ863-5 (neomycin phosphor- transfers type II) Soybean (Glycine Max L.) Soybean Streptomyces a) Gene pat from S. August resistant to ammonium (Glycine viridochromogene viridochromogenees 13, 2003 gluphosinate Max L.) es Stock Tü 494 Event A2704-12 and To 5547- stock Tü 494 127 Identification OECD: ACS- GMØØ5-3 X ACS-GMØØ6-4 Maize (Zea mays L.) resistant Maize (Zea Bacillus a) Gene Cry 1Ab from March 3, to insects, lepidopterist, line mays L) Thuringiensis Bacillus 2004 MON810 and Maize ?Task? subsp Thuringiensis subsp solution, tolerant to Kurstaki. Kurstaki. Glyphosate herbicide line NK b) Protein CP4EPSPS of 603 Agrobacterium sp Event NK603 x MON810 Agrobacterium sp Identification OECD: MON- Stock 4 ØØ603-6 X MON ØØ81Ø-6 Cotton resistant to insects and Cotton Bacillus a) Gene Cry1F from June 1, tolerant to Ammonium (Gossypium Thuringiensis bar. Bacillus 2004 Gluphosinate herbicide B.t. hirsutum) Aizawai Thuringiensis bar. Cry1F event 281-24- Aizawai 236/Cry1F. Streptomyces b) Gene pat of Identification OECD: DAS- viridochromogene Streptomyces 24236-5 es viridochromogenees Cotton resistant to Cotton Bacillus a) Gene Cry 1Ac from August lepidopterist insects, and (Gossypium Thuringiensis bar. Bacillus 19, 2004 tolerant to ammonium hirsutum) Kurstaki stock Thuringiensis bar. gluphosinate herbicide HD-73 Kurstaki Cry1Ac b) Gene pat of Event 3006 - 210-23 Streptomyces Streptomyces Identification OECD: DAS- viridochromogene viridochromogenees 21Ø23-5 es Cotton resistant to Cotton Bacillus a) Gene Cry 1Ac of Septemb lepidopterist insects, and (Gossypium Thuringiensis bar. Bacillus er 7, tolerant to conventional hirsutum) Kurstaki Thuringiensis bar. 2004 ammonium gluphosinate Kurstaki herbicide cropped up from the Bacillus b) Ben Cry1F of crossbreed of the event Thuringiensis bar. Bacillus Cry1Ac Aizawai Thuringiensis bar. Event 3006-210-23 and Aizawai Event 281-24-236/Cry1F. Streptomyces c) Gene pat of Identification OECD: DAS- viridochromogene Streptomyces 21Ø23-5 x DAS-24236-5 s viridochromogenees Canola with masculine sterility Canola Bacillus a) Gene barnasa October and fertility reconstituted, (Brassica Amyloliquefaciens to barstar of bacillus 21, 2004 resistance to Ammonium napus L.) Amyloliquefaciens gluphosinate herbicide. b) Gene bar of Identification OECD: ACS- Streptomyces Streptomyces BN ØØ5-8 x hygroscopicus hygroscopicus MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 14 ACS-BN ØØ3-6 Maize (Zea mays L) resistant Maize (Zea mays a) Bacillus a) Gene Cry34Ab1 Decembe to virgifera Diabrotica, L) thuringiensis Stock b) Gene Cry35Ab1 r 6, 2004 Diabrotica berberi and PS149B1 c) Gene pat Diabrotica zeae; event b) Bacillus DAS-59122-7 thuringiensis Stock Identification OECD: DAS- PS149B1 59122-7 c) Streptomyces viridochromogene es Maize (Zea mays L) resistant Maize (Zea mays a) Bacillus a) Gene Cry3Bb1 Decembe to the root worm (Diabrotica L) thuringiensis subsp b) Gene cp4 epsps r 10, spp) event MON 863 and kumamotoensis 2004 tolerant to glyphosate b) Agrobacterium herbicide, sp. Stock CP4 Event MON 863 xs NK603 Identification OECD: MON- ØØ863-5 X MON-ØØ6Ø3-6 Maize (Zea mays L) resistant Maize (Zea a) Bacillus a) Gene Cry 1F of Cacillus Decembe to lepidopterist insects and mays L) thuringiensis bar. thuringiensis bar. r 13, tolerant to Ammonium oizawai stock PS oizawai stock PS 2004 gluphosinate herbicide and 811 811 glyphosate b) Streptomyces b) Gene PAT Events DAS 1507 xs NK603 Viridochromogene (phosphinotricine acetyl Identification OECD: DAS- es of transferase) Ø15Ø7-1 x MON-ØØ6Ø3-6 c) Agrobacterium Streptomyces sp. Stock CP4 Viridochromogenees c) Gene cp4 epsps Alfalfa (sativa Medicago L) Alfalfa (sativa Agrobacterium Gene cp4 epsps January tolerant to Glyphosate Medicago L.) sp. Stock CP4 31, 2005 herbicide. Events J101 and J163. Cotton resistant to insects and Cotton a) Bacillus a) Gene Cry1Ac of February tolerant to the herbicide (Gossypium Thuringiensis bar. Bacillus 28, 2005 Ammonium Gluphosinate and hirsutum) Kurstaki Thuringiensis bar. tolerant to the herbicide b) Bacillus Kurstaki Gliphosinate Thuringiensis bar. b) Gene Cry1F of Conventional Arisen of the Aizawai Bacillus crossing of the event Cry 1Ac c) Streptomyces Thuringiensis bar. Event 3006-210-23 x event viridochromogene Aizawai 281-24-236/Cry1F and the one s c) Gene Pat of Event MON 1445-2 d) Agrobacterium Streptomyces Badge OECD: sp. Stump CP4 Viridochromogenes DAS-21Ø23-5 X DAS-24236- d) Gene EPSPS of 5 X MON-1445-2 Agrobacterium sp. Stump CP4 Cotton resistant to Gliphosate Cotton Agrobacterium sp. Gene cp4 epsps February event MON-88913 (Gossypium Strain CP4 15, 2006 Badge OECD: MON-88913-8 hirsutum) MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 15 Cotton resistant to Gliphosate Cotton a) Agrobacterium a) Gene cp4 epsps February event MON-88913 X Cotton (Gossypium sp. b) Gene Cry 1Ac from 17, 2006 (Gossypium hirsutum) hirsutum) Strain CP4 Bacillus thuringiensis Resistant to lepidopters, b) Bacillus subsp. kurstaki Bollgard Cotton II, line 15985 Thuringiensis c) Gene Cry 2Ab from Badge OECD: MON 88913-8 subsp. Bacillus thuringiensis X MON-15985-7 kurstaki Maize resistant to gliphosate Maize (Zea mays a) Bacillus a) Gene cry3Bb1 March and L.) thuringiensis b) Gene cp4 epsps 28, 2006 Resistant to the rootworm, (subsp. event MON Kumamotoensis) 88017 b) Agrobacterium Badge OECD: MON-88Ø17-3 sp. Strain CP4 Maize (Zea mays a) Bacillus a) Gene cry3Bb1 April 6, Maize resistant to glyphosate, L.) thuringiensis) b) Gene cp4 epsps 2006 resistant to the rootworm and b) Agrobacterium c) Gene CrylA (b) from lepidopters, event MON 88017 sp. bacillus thuringiensis xs Strain CP4 subsp. kurstaki MON 810 c) Bacillus Badge OECD: MON-88Ø17-3 thuringiensis subsp x MON kurstaki ØØ81Ø-6 Cotton resistant to to Cotton a) Bacillus a) Gene cry1Ac from April 24, lepidopter insects and tolerant (Gossypium Thuringiensis bar. Bacillus 2006 to the herbicide hirsutum) Kurstaki thuringiensis bar. kurstaki Gluphosinate of Ammonium b) Bacillus b) Gene cry1F from and tolerant to the herbicide Thuringiensis bar. Bacillus Gliphosate Aizawai thuringiensis bar. aizawai ; Conventional Arisen of the c) streptomyces c) Gene pat from crossing of the event Cry1Ac viridochromogene Streptomyces event s Viridochromogenes 3006-210-23 x event 281-24- d) Agrobacterium d) Gene cp4 epsps 236/Cry1F x sp. MON 88913. Strain CP4 Badge OECD: DAS-21Ø23-5 x DAS-24236- 5 x MON-88913 Sugar beet resistant to Sugar beet (Beta Agrobacterium sp Gene cp4 epsps May 19, Gliphosate, event H7-1 Vulgaris L. ssp Strain CP4 2006 Badge OECD: KM-00071-4 Vulgaris bar. Highest) Maize (Zea mays L.) with Maize (Zea mays a) Bacillus a) Gene cry 1F from May 26, combined genes. Maize (Zea L.) Thuringiensis bar. bacillus 2006 mays L.) resistant to Oizawai strain PS thuringiensis bar. oizawai Insects and lepidopters and 811 strain PS 811 resistant to Gluphosinate b) Streptomyces b) Gene PAT Ammonium and Gliphosate, (Phosphinothricin acetyl event DAS 1507 Xs Maize viridochromogene transferase) from (Zea mays L.) resistant to s Streptomyces virgifera Diabrotica, c) Bacillus Viridochromogenes Diabrotica thuringiensis c) Gene cry34Ab1 berberi and virgifera strain d) Gene cry35Ab1 MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 16 Diabrotica zeae; event PS149B1 e) Gene pat DAS-59122-7 d) Bacillus Badge OECD: DAS-Ø15Ø7-1 thuringiensis X DAS strain 59122-7 PS149B1 e) Streptomyces viridochromogene s Maize resistant to root worm Maize (Zea mays Bacillus a) Gene Cry 3B (b) 1 from August 1, species and lepidopters, L.) thruringiensis Bacillus thruringiensis 2006 event MON 863 xs MON 810. subsp. subsp. kumatoensis Identifier OECD: MON- Kumatoensis b) Gene ntpII (neomycin ??863-5 x MON ??81?-6 Bacillus type II phospho- thuringiensis transferase) subsp. kurstaki a) Gene Cry 1Ab from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp kurstaki. Maize resistant to root worm Maize (Zea mays Bacillus a) Gene Cry 3B (b) 1 from August 1, species and lepidopters, and L.) thruringiensis Bacillus thruringiensis 2006 tolerant to Gliphosate subsp. subsp. kumatoensis herbicide, event MON Kumatoensis b) Gene ntpII (neomycin 863 xs MON 810 xs NK603. Bacillus type II phospho- Identifier OECD: MON- thuringiensis transferase) ??863-5 x MON ??81?-6 x subsp. kurstaki Gene Cry 1Ab from MON-??6?3-6. Agrobacterium sp Bacillus strain CP4 thuringiensis subsp kurstaki. Gene CP4 EPSPS and CP4 EPSPS L214P Maize (Zea mays L.) gene Maize (Zea mays a) Bacillus a) Gene cry34Ab1 August 4, combination. Maize (Zea mays L.) thuringiensis strain b) Gene cry35Ab1 2006 L.) resistant to lepidopters and PS149B1 c) Gene pat tolerant to Gluphosinate b) Bacillus d) Gene CP4 EPSPS and Ammonium and Gliphosate thuringiensis strain CP4 EPSPS L214P herbicide, PS149B1 event DAS-59122-7 x NK603 c) Streptomyces Identifier OECD: DAS-59122- viridochromogene 7 X MON ??6?3-6 s d) Agrobacterium sp strain CP4 Maize (Zea mays L.) gene Maize (Zea mays a) Bacillus a) Gene cry34Ab1 August 4, combination. Maize (Zea mays L.) thuringiensis strain b) Gene cry35Ab1 2006 L.) resistant to insects and PS149B1 c) Gene pat lepidopters and tolerant to b) Bacillus d) Gene CP4 EPSPS and Gluphosinate Ammonium and thuringiensis strain CP4 EPSPS L214P Gliphosate herbicide, PS149B1 e) Gene Cry 1F from event DAS-59122-7 x DAS- c) Streptomyces Bacillus 1507-1 x viridochromogene thuringiensis bar. oizawai NK603 s strain PS 811 Identifier OECD: DAS-59122- d) Agrobacterium f) Gene PAT 7 X DAS sp (Phosphinothricin acetyl ?15?7-1 x MON-??6?3-6. strain CP4 transferase) from e) Bacillus Streptomyces thuringiensis bar. viridochromogenes MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 17 oizawai strain PS 811 f) Streptomyces viridochromogene s Cotton tolerant to Cotton Streptomyces Gene bar August 4, Gluphosinate Ammonium, (Gossypium hygroscopicus 2006 event Liberty Link LL25. hirsutum) strain Identifier OECD: ACG- ATCC21705 GH??1-3 Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) Cotton Bacillus a) Gene Cry 1Ac from October resistant to (Gossypium thuringiensis Bacillus thuringiensis 16, 2006 lepidopters and tolerant to hirsutum) subsp. Kurstaki subsp kurstaki Gliphosate herbicide Agrobacterium sp. b) Gene Cry 2Ab from Cotton MON 15985 xs MON strain CP4 Bacillus thuringiensis 1445. c) Gene GUS (it ?-D- Identifier OECD: MON- glucoronidase) 15985-7 x MON ?1445-2 d) Gene ntpII (neomycin type II phospho- transferase) e) Gene uidA f) Gene cp4 epsps from Agrobacterium sp. strain CP4 Rice tolerant to Gluphosinate Rice (Oryza Streptomyces Gene bar March Ammonium, event Liberty sativa) hygroscopicus, Gene to promoter and 28, 2007 Link LL62. strain to finisher CaMV 35S Identifier OECD: ACS- ATCC21705 OSØØ2-5 Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV). Maize tolerant to Gluphosinate Maize (Zea mays Streptomyces Gene pat April 27, Ammonium, event T25. L.) viridochromogene 2007 Identifier OECD: ACS- s strain Tu494 ZMØØ3-2 Maize tolerant to Gluphosinate Maize (Zea mays a) Bacillus a) gene cry1Ab July 16, Ammonium and resistant to L.) thuringiensis b) gene pat 2007 insects., event Bt11 subspp. Identifier OECD: SYN- kurstaki strain BTØ11-1 HD-1. b) Streptomyces viridochromogene s strain Tu494. 038 Maize LY with increased Maize (Zea mays Corynebacterium Gene cordapA July 30, levels of lysine exclusively L.) glutamicum 2007 intended for animal feed purposes. Identifier OECD: REN- ØØØ38-3 Maize resistant to insects, Maize (Zea mays a) Bacillus a) Gene cry3A October event MIR604 L.) thuringiensis b) Gene pmi 8, 2007 Identifier OECD: SYN- subspp. IR6Ø4-5 tenebrionis b) Escherichia coli (strain K-12) MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 18 Maize hybrid tolerant to Maize (Zea mays a) Bacillus a) Gene cry1Ab Decembe herbicides and resistant to L.) thuringiensis bar. b) Gene pat r 6, 2007 lepidopters and coleopters kurstaki b) Gene mcry3A Bt11 x MIR604. b) Streptomyces Identifier OECD: SYN- viridochromogene BTØ11-1 x SYNIR6Ø4-5 s c) Bacillus thuringiensis subspp. tenebrionis Maize tolerant to herbicides Maize (Zea mays a) Bacillus a) Gen cry1Ab Decembe and resistant to lepidopters L.) thuringiensis b) Gen pat r 6, 2007 Bt11 x GA21 subspecies c) Gen mepsps Identifier OECD: SYN- kurstaki BTØ11-1 x MONØØØ21-9 strain HD-1 b) Streptomyces viridochromogene s strain Tu494. c) Zea mays Maize hybrid resistant to Maize a) Bacillus a) Gen mcry3A Decembe coleopters and tolerant to (Zea mays L.) thuringiensis b) Gen pmi r 12, herbicides subspecie c) mepsps 2007 MIR604 x GA21 tenebrionis Identifier OECD: SYN- b) Escherichia coli IR6Ø4-5 x MON ØØØ21-9 c) Zea mays Cotton (Gossypium Cotton a) Bacillus a) cry1Ac, cry2Ab July 22, barbadensis) (Gossypium thuringiensis b) epsps (5- 2008 Resistant to Lepidoptera and barbadensis) subespecie enolpiruvilshikimato-3 Tolerance to the herbicide kurstaki fosfato sintasa) glyphosate. (Btk) c) uidA (beta-D- OECD identifier MON-15985- b) Agrobacterium glucuronidasa) 7 x tumefaciens CP4 MON-88913-8 c) E.coli Cotton (Gossypium Cotton a) Agrobacterium a) epsps (5- July 22, barbadensis) (Gossypium tumefaciens CP4 enolpiruvilshikimato-3 2008 Tolerance to the herbicide barbadensis) fosfato sintasa) glyphosate. OECD identifier MON-88913- 8 Cotton (Gossypium Algodon a) Bacillus a)cry1Ac, cry2Ab July 22, barbadensis) (Gossypium thuringiensis 2008 Resistant to Lepidoptera barbadensis) OECD identifier MON-i 5985- 7 Maize (Zea mays) resistant to Maize a) Bacillus a) cry1Ab July 22, lepidopteran insects and (Zea mays L.) thuringiensis b) cordapA 2008 increase the level of b) (dihidropicolinato-3 lysine Corynebacterium Fosfato sintasa) OECD ID: REN-00038 X glutamicum MON-810-6 MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 19 Soybean (Glycine max) Soybean a) Agrobacterium a) epsps(5- July 22, Tolerance to the herbicide (Glycine max) tumefaciens CP4 enolpiruvilshikimato-3 2008 glyphosate fosfato sintasa) OECD Identifier: MON-89788 Maize (Zea mays) resistant Maize a) Bacillus a) cry2Ab, cry1A105 July 22, Lepidoptera (Zea mays) thuringiensis 2008 OECD Identifier: MON-89 034 Maize (Zea mays) Coleoptera Maize a) Bacillus a) cry34Ab1, cry35Ab1 Canceled insect resistance and tolerance (Zea mays) thuringiensis b) pat August 7, to the herbicide ammonium (fosfinotricinacetiltransfera 2008 glifosinato b) Streptomyces sa) OECD Identifier: DAS-59132- viridochromogene s Soybean (Glycine max) Soybean(Glycine a) Bacillus a) gat4601 August herbicide glyphosate-tolerant max) licheniformis b) gm-hra 21, 2008 and ALS inhibitors b) Glycine max (acetolactate synthase) very resistant allele conferring tolerance to different classes of herbicides including ID sulfunilurea and imidazolinone OECD: DP-356043-5 Soybean (Glycine max) Soybean(Glycine a) Glycine max a) gm-hra Septemb herbicide tolerant ALS max) b) Glycine max) b) gmFAD2-1 er 3, inhibitors (acetolactate 2008 synthase) very resistant allele conferring tolerance to different classes of herbicides including sulfunilurea and imidazolinone and increased concentration of oleic acid OECD ID: DP-305423-1 Cotton(Gossypium hirsutum) Cotton a) Zea mays a) 2mepsps (doble Septemb Tolerante al herbicida (Gossypium mutacion de la 5 er 22, glifosato. hirsutum) enolpiruvilshikimato-3- 2008 Identificador fosfato sintasa) OECD: BCS-GH002-5 Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) Cotton a) Bacillus a) cry1Ac, cry2Ab2 Septemb Lepidoptera insect resistance (Gossypium thuringiensis b) bar.codifica a la er 30, and herbicide tolerance hirsutum) subespecie, fosfinotricinacetil 2008 glufocinato ammonium. kurstaki transferasa (PAT). OECD Identifier: ACS- b) Streptomyces GH001-3 x MON-15985-7 hygroscopicus Maize (Zea mays) Tolerance Maize a) Bacillus a) cry 1Ab, mcry3A Septemb to the herbicides glufosinate (Zea mays) thuringiensis b) pat er 30, and glyphosate and resistance b) Streptomyces c) mepsps 2008 to lepidopteran insects and viridochromogene d) pmi marcador de beetles. s selección que codifica OECD Identifier: SYN- c) Zea mays para la fosfomanosa BT011-1 d) E. coli isomerasa MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 20 SYN-IR X 604-5 x MON- 00021-9 Insect-resistant Cotton Cotton(Gossypiu a) Bacillus a) Gen cry 1Ac October Lepidoptera and tolerant to the m barbadensis) thuringiensis var. b) Gen cry 1F 16, 2008 herbicide Kurstaki c) Gen pat Glufosinate ammonium and b) Bacillus d) Gen cp4 epsps glyphosate. thuringiensis var. OECD Identifier: DAS- c) Streptomyces 21Ø23-5 x DAS-24236-5 x viridochromogene MON-88913-8 s d) Agrobacterium sp. Cepa CP4 Cotton Insect-resistant Cotton a) Bacillus a) Gen cry 1Ac October tolerant to the herbicide (Gossypium thuringiensis var. b) Gen cry 1F 16, 2008 glufosinate barbadensis) Kurstaki c) Gen pat ammonium herbicide tolerant b) Bacillus d) Gen cp4 epsps glyphosate. thuringiensis var. OECD Identifier: DAS-21023- c) Streptomyces 5 x DAS-24236-5 x MON- viridochromogene 01445-2 s d) Agrobacterium sp. Cepa CP4 Cotton Insect-resistant tolerant Cotton a) Bacillus a) Gen cry 1Ac October to the herbicide glufosinate (Gossypium thuringiensis var. b) Gen cry 1F 16, 2008 ammonium barbadensis) Kurstaki c) Gen pat OECD Identifier: b) Bacillus DAS-21023-5 x DAS-24236-5 thuringiensis var. c) Streptomyces viridochromogene s Maize (Zea mays) expresses a Maize a) 3 especies de a) amy797E quimerico Novembe thermostable alpha-amylase (Zea mays) Thermococcales b) Secuencia N-terminal r 4, 2008 AMY797E b) Zea mays de 19aminoacidos. OECD Identifier: c) Zea mays GZein SYN-E3272-5 c) secuencia C-terminal, SEKDEL. Maize (Zea mays) tolerant to Maize a) Zea mays a) ZM-hra Decembe glyphosate and (Zea mays) b) Bacillus b) gat4621 r 18, The ALS-inhibiting herbicides licheniformis 2008 OECD Identifier: DP-98 140 Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) Cotton a) Bacillus a) cry vip3 Aa January resistant to lepidopteran (Gossypium Thuringiensis 20, 2010 insects hirsutum) Subespecie OECD Identifier: tenebrionis SYN-IR 102-7 Maize (Zea mays) resistant to Maize a) Bacillus a) cry 1A. 105 y January lepidopteran insects and (Zea mays) thuringiensis cry2Ab2 20, 2010 resistant to rootworm and Var. kurstaki b) cry3 Bb1 glyphosate tolerant b) Bacillus c) Gen cp4 OECD Identifier: thuringiensis epsps MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 21 88017-3 89034-3 x MON Subsp. MON Kumamotoensis c) Agrobacterium sp. Cepa CP4 Maize (Zea mays) resistant to Maize a) Bacillus a) cry 1A. 105 y January lepidopteran insects and (Zea mays) thuringiensis cry2Ab2 20, 2010 tolerant to glyphosate Var. kurstaki b) Gen cp4 NK 603 x MON ID 89034-3 b) Agrobacterium epsps OECD: sp. X MON-MON 89034-3 Cepa CP4 00603-3 Maize (Zea mays) resistant to Maize a) Bacillus a) cry 1A. 105 y January Lepidoptera and Coleoptera (Zea mays) thuringiensis cry2Ab2 20, 2010 insects, tolerant to glyphosate Var. kurstaki b) cry 1f. and glufosinate-ammonium b) Bacillus c) cry3Bb1 OECD Identifier: thuringiensis d) cry34/35Ab1 MON MON 89034-3 88017-3 Var. aizawai e) pat x TC1507 x x DAS-59122-7 c) Bacillus f) cp4 epsps thuringiensis Var. Kumamotoensis d) Bacillus thuringiensis Cepa PS148B1 e) Streptomyces Viridochomogenes f) Agrobacterium sp. Cepa CP4 Solution Alfalfa Faena. Alfalfa a) Agrobacterium f)cp4 epsps January Glyphosate tolerance (Medicago sp. 20,2010 J163 J101 x sativa) Cepa CP4 OECD Identifier: MON-00101-8 x MON-00163-7 maize Hybrid resistant to Maize a) Bacillus a) vip3A20 January lepidopteran insects (Zea mays) thuringiensis b) pmi 20, 2010 MIR 162 Cepa AB88 OECD Identifier: b) Escherichia coli SYN-IR 162-4 cepa K12 Soybean with increased levels Soybean a) Glycine max a) gm-hra January of oleic acid herbicide tolerant (Glycine max) b) Glycine max b) gmFAD2-1 20,2010 ALS Inhibitor, and tolerant to c) Agrobacterium c) Gen epsps glyphosate. sp. DP-305423-1 x MON 04032-6 Cepa 4 Cotton combined event Cotton a) Streptomyces a)bar January Tolerance to the herbicide (Gossypium hygroscopicus b) 2mepsps 20, 2010 glufosinate ammonium and hirsutum) b) Zea mays glyphosate MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 22 OECD Identifier: ACS-3 GH001 GH002 BCS-x- 5 maize hybrid Insect resistant Maize (Zea a) 3 especies de a) amy797E August 4, Lepidoptera and Coleoptera, mays) Thermococcales quimérico 2010 with b) E. coli b) pmi (fosfato tolerance to the herbicide c) Bacillus manosa isomerasa) glufosinate ammonium and thuringiensis c) Gen cry1Ab glyphosate, with a protein subsp kurstaki d) Gen pat thermostable alpha-amylase cepa e) Gen cry3A 3272 x Bt11x HD-1. f) Gen pmi marcador MIR604xGA21. d) Streptomyces de selección que OECD Identifier: viridochromogene codifica para la E3272-5 SYN-SYN-X-1 X s fosfomanosa SYNIR604 BTØ11- cepa Tü494. isomerasa. 5 x MON-ØØØ21-9 e)Bacillus g) Gen epsps de thuringiensis Maize subsp. tenebrionis f) Escherichia coli (cepa K-12) g) Maize (Zea mays) maize hybrid Insect resistant Maize (Zea a) Bacillus a) Gen cry1Ab August 4, Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and mays) thuringiensis b) Gen pat 2010 tolerant to the herbicide subsp kurstaki c) vip3A20 glufosinate ammonium and cepa d) pmi glyphosate HD-1. e) Gen cry3A Bt11XMIR162XMIR604XGA b) Streptomyces f) Gen pmi marcador 21. viridochromogene de selección que OECD Identifier: s codifica para la SYN-BTØ11-1 X-4 SYN- cepa Tü494. fosfomanosa IR162-X SYNIR604 c) Bacillus isomerasa. 5 x MON-ØØØ21-9 thuringiensis g) Gen epsps cepa AB88 d) Escherichia coli cepa K-12 e)Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. tenebrionis f) Escherichia coli (cepa K-12) g) Maize (Zea mays) maize hybrid Insect resistant Maize (Zea a) Bacillus a) Gen cry1Ab August Lepidoptera with tolerance to mays) thuringiensis b) Gen pat 4,2010 the herbicide glufosinate subsp kurstaki c) vip3A20 ammonium and glyphosate cepa d) pmi Bt11XMIR162XGA21. HD-1. e) Gen epsps de OECD Identifier: b) Streptomyces Maize SYN-BTØ11-1 SYN-IR162 viridochromogene X-4 X MON-ØØØ21-9 s cepa Tü494. c)Bacillus thuringiensis cepa AB88 MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 23 d) Escherichia coli cepa K-12 e) Maize (Zea mays) Maize resistant to insects Maize (Zea a) Bacillus a) zm-hra August 3, Lepidoptera and tolerant to mays) licheniformis b) gat4621 2010 herbicides containing b) Bacillus c) Gen cry 1F de glyphosate, glufosinate thuringiensis var. Bacillus thuringiensis ammonium and sulfonylureas aizawai cepa PS var. oizawai cepa PS GAT X HX1 OECD ags: DP- 811 811 Ø9814Ø-6 X-1 DAS-Ø15Ø7 c) Streptomyces d) Gen pat viridochromogene s Maize resistant to insects Maize (Zea a) Zea mays a) zm-hra Au gust 3, Lepidoptera, some Coleoptera mays) b) Bacillus b) gat4621 2010 and licheniformis c) Gen cry1F tolerance to herbicides c) Bacillus d) Gen pat containing thuringiensis var. e) Gen cry34Ab1 glyphosate, glufosinate aizawai cepa PS f) Gen cry35Ab1 ammonium and 811 g) Gen pat sulfonylureas d) Streptomyces GAT X HX1 XHRW viridochromogene ags OECD: s DP-6 X-Ø9814Ø Ø15Ø7 e) Bacillus DAS-DAS-1 X- thuringiensis cepa 59122-7 PS149B1 f) Bacillus thuringiensis cepa PS149B1 g) Streptomyces viridochromogene s Maize resistant to insects Maize (Zea a) Zea mays a) zm-hra August 3, Coleoptera and herbicide mays) b) Bacillus b) gat4621 2010 tolerance licheniformis c) Gen cry34Ab1 containing glyphosate, c) Bacillus d) Gen cry35Ab1 glufosinate thuringiensis cepa e) Gen pat ammonium and sulfonylureas PS149B1 GAT X HRW d) Bacillus ags OECD: thuringiensis cepa Ø9814Ø DP-6 X-DAS-59122- PS149B1 7 e) Streptomyces viridochromogene s Hybrid Maize resistant to Maize (Zea a) Bacillus a) cry 1F, cry August 3, some mays) thuringiensis 34Ab1,cry3Ab1 y 2010 Lepidoptera and Coleoptera b) Streptomyces cry1Ab and tolerant viridochromogene b) pat herbicide glufosinate s c) Cp4 epsps ammonium and glyphosate c) Agrobacterium OECD: DAS-Ø15Ø7-1 x sp DAS-59122-7 x Cp4 MON-ØØ81Ø-6 x MON- ØØ6Ø3-6 MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 24 Maize Hybrid resistant Maize (Zea a) Bacillus a) Cry1F,cry1b August 3, Lepidoptera and mays) thuringiensis b) Cp4 epsps 2010 tolerant to glufosinate b) A tumefaciens c) pat herbicide cepa ammonium and glyphosate CP4 OECD: DAS-1Ø5Ø7-1 x c) Streptomyces MON-ØØ81Ø-6 viridochromogene x MON-ØØ6Ø3-6 s Maize Hybrid resistant to Maize (Zea a)Bacillus a) Cry1F, August 3, Lepidoptera and mays) thuringiensis cry1Ab 2010 glufosinate ammonium subsp kurstaki b) pat tolerant b)Streptomyces OECD: DAS-Ø15Ø7-1 x viridochromogene MON-ØØ81Ø-6 s Maize Lepidopteran insect Maize (Zea a) Bacillus a)cry1A.105, August 3, resistant mays) thuringiensis cry2Ab2, 2010 and beetles tolerant to var. kurstaki b)cry1F, glyphosate and glufosinate b) Bacillus c) cry3Bb1 ammonium OECD Identifier: thuringiensis d)cry34/35Ab1 MON-89Ø34 TC15Ø7xMON var. aizawai e) pat 88Ø17-3 x-3 x DAS-59122-7 c) Bacillus f) cp4 epsps thuringiensis var. kumamotoensis d) Bacillus thuringiensis cepa PS148B1 e)Streptomyces viridochromogene s f) Agrobacterium sp. Maize tolerant to glyphosate Maize (Zea mays a) Agrobacterium a) epsps Novembe herbicides sp. b) pat r 16, and glufosinate ammonium. b) Streptomyces 2010 NK603 x T25 OECD: MON- viridochromogene ØØ6Ø3-6 x s ACS-ZMØØ3-2 Cotton Cotton a) Streptomyces a) bar Decembe GTxLL25xBG2 (Gossypium hygroscopicus b) 2mepsps r 15, Tolerant herbicide hirsutum) b) Zea mays c) cry1Ac, 2010 glufosinate c) Bacillus cry2Ab ammonium thuringiensis andGlyphosate- resistant Lepidoptera.OECD: BCS - GHØØ2- 5xACS-GHØØ1- 3xMON-15985-7 Soybean lepidopteran insect Soybean a)Bacillus a) cry1Ac Decembe resistant (Glycine thuringiensis r 21, OECD: MON-877Ø1-2 max) 2010 MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 25 Soybean-DP-356Ø43 Soybean a) Bacillus a) Gat44601 January 5xGTS4Ø-3-2 Glyphosate (Glycine max) licheniformis b) gm-hra 19, 2011 herbicide tolerant and ALS b) Glycine Max c) epsps inhibitors c) Agrobacterium tumefaciens Maize Lepidopteran insect Maize (Zea a) Bacillus a) cry1A.105, February resistant mays) thuringiensis cry2Ab2 y cry1F 28, 2011 and Coleoptera and tolerant to b) Agrobacterium b) epsps glyphosate sp c) pat glufosinate ammonium c) Streptomyces MON 89034 x NK603 viridochromogene TC1507 x s OECD: DASØ15Ø7 MON89Ø34-3 x-1 x MON-ØØ6Ø3-6 Maize Lepidopteran insect Maize (Zea a) Bacillus a) cry1A.105, February resistant mays) thuringiensis cry2Ab2 y cry1F 28, 2011 and Coleoptera and tolerant to b) Agrobacterium b) epsps glyphosate sp. c) pat glufosinate c) Streptomyces amonioOECD: MON89Ø34-3 viridochromogene x s DASØ15Ø7-1 x MON- ØØ6Ø36 Maize Drought Tolerant Maize (Zea a) B. subtilis a) cspB February MON 87460 mays) b) E coli b) nptII 28, 2011 OECD Identifier: MON-4 8746Ø MX1056 Mexico Authorizes First Commercial Biotech Cultivations Page 26 APPENDIX B The Status of Applications for the release of Genetically Modifies Organisms in 2009, 2010 and 2011 could be found it in the following Internet address: http://www.senasica.gob.mx/?id=2405 Mexico?s Approved Field Testing Events of Biotechnology Crops by the National Service of Agro Alimentary Health, Safety and Quality (SENASICA) 1998-2007 PPROVAL INSTITUTION CROP GENETIC CHARACTERISTIC LOCATION OF APPLICATION A EXPERIMENT DATES DATE CAMPBELLS, Tomato Bacillus thuringiensis expression Guasave, 09/09/1991 12/Feb. / SINALOPASTA resistance against lepidopteron. Sinaloa. 1992 CAMPBELLS, Tomato Suppression of polygalacturonase Guasave, 1988 1988 SINALOPASTA S inaloa. CAMPBELLS, Tomato Suppression of polygalacturonase Guasave, 09/09/1991 12/feb/1992 S INALOPASTA Sinaloa. CALGENE Tomato FLAVR SAVR TM, delaying of the Navolato, Sinaloa 10/07/1992 21/sep/1992 2.5 has. matu ration CINVESTAV Potato 100 Resistance to virus PVX v PVY, Irapuato, Gto. 14/07/1992 30/sep/1992 marke r NPTII CINVESTAV Tomato B.T. expression, markers KHAN, Irapuato, Gto. 22/01/1993 18/mar/1993 0.0368 NPTII, has. UPJOHN Pumpkin Resistance to VMP, VMAP, VMS2 Villagran, Gto. 27/01/1993 10/may/1993 ASGROW AND VMAZ. CINVESTAV Corn 18 Gene BAR of Streptomyces Irapuato, Gto. 10/03/1993 April-1993 plants hygroscopicus and to Gene of Escherichia coli. CALGENE Tomato FLAVR SAVR TM, delaying of the Culiacán, Sinaloa. 07106/1993 19/jul/1993 matu ration CALGENE Tomato FLAVR SAVR TM, delaying of the Culiacán, Sinaloa. 07/06/1993 19/jul/1993 maturat ion CIBA-GEIGY Tobacco Resistance to the Mold Blue San Andrés 13/09/1993 11/oct/1993 Tux tla, Ver. PETOSEED Tomato Anti-sensibility and sensibility to San Quintín, BC. 19/03/1994 15/sep/94 MEXICAN po lygalacturonase CIMMYT Wheat Varieties elite transform
Posted: 20 August 2011, last updated 20 August 2011

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