The President of the Sugar Chamber in Mexico declared recently that the industry is expecting higher sugar production.
THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY
USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT
Required Report - public distribution
GAIN Report Number: MX 2068
Good weather boosts production and export potential
The Post/New marketing year (MY) 2012/13 (October/September) sugar production forecast is 5.6
million metric tons – raw value (MMT-RV) as better weather conditions and good crop management
techniques are expected. The Post/New sugar production estimate for MY 2011/12 was revised slightly
upward to 5.35 MMT-RV. High fructose corn syrup (HFCS) production for MY 2011/12 is calculated
at 466,054 MT dry basis, and the industry believes that MY2012/13 will be similar as the industry
members indicate that there is no additional HFCS manufacturing capacity being built or expanded in
Mexico. The Post/New sugar export forecast for MY 2012/13 was revised upward to 1.1 MMT-RV.
Sugar Cane for Centrifugal
The National Committee for the Sustainable Development of Sugar Cane (CONADESUCA) published
a preliminary sugar production estimate for MY 2012/13, where sugar production could reach 5.568
MMT-RV (5.253 MMT Tel Quel). However, these estimates are still not the final official estimates.
The President of the Sugar Chamber in Mexico declared recently that the industry is expecting higher
sugar production, reaching nearly 5.830 MMT-RV (5.500 MMT-Tel Quel) due to good rainfall mainly
in the Gulf coast and the southeast regions. This office, nevertheless, revised the Post/New data for MY
2012/13 to about 5.6 MMT-RV of sugar production until there is more available information. Final
production will depend on timely maintenance of sugar mills, appropriate cultivation practices, decent
weather throughout the growing season, and normal harvest conditions. The Post/New sugar production
estimate for MY 2011/12 was revised upward from previous estimates, based on CONADESUCA’s
data. However, in general, sugar production was lower compared to MY 2010/11 due to the dry
weather that affected northern states these past two years. Sugar cane did not develop as well due to
lack of rainfall in Tamaulipas, Sinaloa and northern Veracruz, resulting in lower cane yields and sugar
content in those areas.
The following table indicates CONADESUCA’s preliminary estimates for sugar production for MY
2012/13 compared to actual data for MY 2011/12 production cycle. For additional information on
production estimates at the regional level, consult their website, listed in the table below.
Table 1. Mexico -Sugar Production –Estimate 2012/13 vs.
Cycle Harvested area Crushed cane Field yield Sugar production Mill
(Has) (MT) MT/Ha (MT) yield
Total Real 2011/12 (a) 703,761 46,231,229 65,69 5,048,469 10.92
Domestic Estimated 687,287 46,641,858 67,86 5,253,277 11.36
Production 2012/13 (b)
Var. (b-a) -16,474 410,629 2.17 204,808 0.34
Source: CONADESUCA Estimates for 2012/13
A total of 54 mills were actively working during this cycle. The Post/New sugar production estimate
for MY2010/11 remains unchanged at 5.49 MMT-RV.
The planted and harvested area forecast for sugar cane for MY 2012/13 was revised downward from
previous estimates based on information from CONADESUCA, however these estimates are not the
official final estimates. Mills, currently facing lower prices and expecting better yields and weather,
are providing fewer incentives to cane growers to expand production acreage. Consequently, area
harvested is expected to be close to 690,000 hectares and yields are expected to be higher or about 68
MX2068 Mexico Sugar Semi-Annual Page 2
MT/Ha. According to the Committee, the regions of the Gulf of Mexico (Veracruz and eastern Oaxaca)
have received more rainfall than the Northwest region (Sinaloa and Nayarit). Area planted and
harvested for MY 2011/12 was revised downward based on official sources. As previously reported,
dry weather affected overall cane yields resulting in a yield of about 65.6 MT/Ha for MY 2011/12.
Sugar cane production was updated for MY2010/11, also based on official sources. As previously
reported, virtually all sugar cane goes to the production of centrifugal sugar. Mills operate between
November and June to coincide with the cane harvest.
In 2010, the Plant Health Directorate from SAGARPA began operating the Phytosanitary Surveillance
Program, establishing a monitoring network to detect on a timely basis, the presence and entrance of
pests of quarantine importance, including orange rust (Puccinia kuehnii (Krüger)), a fungal pest that can
cause substantial yield losses. Epidemiological surveillance of orange rust is operating in the states of
Veracruz, Morelos, Chiapas and Quintana Roo, as these states are at risk for the establishment of the
pathogen. Monitoring of this pest is focused mainly on varieties that are more susceptible, such as CP
72-2086 and MEX 79-431. Distribution in Mexico of this pest has been reported in the municipalities
of Villa Comatitlán, Mazatán, Huehuetán, Huixtla and Tuzantan in the state of Chiapas, Sergio B.
Homes, Othon P. White, in the state of Quintana Roo and Ursulo Galvan for the state of Veracruz.
Recently, orange rust has been in the State of Tabasco at the municipalities of Cardenas, Huimanguillo
and Tenosique. Plant Health authorities have established a monitoring system in the area. Plant health
authorities publish bulletins with the current situation of the pest.
Despite high global corn prices, the Mexican high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) industry believes it will
continue producing HFCS for MY 2012/13 at almost the same levels as in MY 2011/12.
According to industry sources, HFCS production has ranged between 465,000 MT and 467,000 MT dry
basis. MY 2011/12 production is calculated at 466,054 MT dry basis, and the industry believes that
MY2012/13 will be similar as the industry members indicate that there is no additional HFCS
manufacturing capacity being built or expanded in Mexico.
Sources report that as long as HFCS prices remain competitive, it is easier and more financially prudent
at this time to import the remainder of the HFCS demand. The Mexican HFCS industry produces
fructose with domestic and imported U.S. yellow corn. According to IDAQUIM, the industry group
that represents HFCS producers, this industry consumes about two million tons of yellow corn of which
80 to 90 percent is imported. The United States will remain the main supplier of corn to Mexico.
SUGAR AND HFCS CONSUMPTION
The sugar industry expects sugar consumption to continue a downward trend for MY 2012/13 as
substitution between sugar and HFCS continues, but the pace of this substitution will depend on HFCS
and local sugar prices. Current downward pricing trends in the domestic market could slightly increase
sugar consumption. Therefore, MY 2012/13 Post/New forecast for domestic sugar consumption was
revised upward 1.8 percent from the previous estimate. The Post/New domestic sugar consumption
estimate for MY 2011/12 remains unchanged.
MX2068 Mexico Sugar Semi-Annual Page 3
HFCS displaced sugar consumption in several industries including soda bottling, the largest user of
HFCS. HFCS consumption increased during MY 2011/12 close to 1.7 MMT dry basis, compared to
1.635 MMT dry basis for MY 2010/11, due to greater substitution between sugar and HFCS. HFCS
consumption for MY 2012/13 is expected to be close to that of MY 2011/12 as the bottling industry’s
capacity to substitute for sugar is not growing as fast as originally estimated.
The Post/New sugar export forecast for MY 2012/13 was revised upward from the USDA/Official
forecast to 1.1 MMT-RV. This number is still tentative and will tend to change depending on
production and the extent of substitution between sugar and alternative domestic and imported
sweeteners (HFCS). These are the two major factors influencing local supply and, consequently, local
price—currently the biggest influence on export decisions. The Post/New sugar export estimates for
MY 2011/12 were revised upward to 950,000 MT-RV based on current export trends. U.S. Census data
indicates that Mexican exports to the U.S. through July 2012 were about 886,047 MT-RV. Export
levels were lower compared to MY 2010/11 due the influence of falling sugar prices in the U.S. and
good local refined sugar prices. Sugar export estimates for MY 2010/11 remain unchanged.
The Post/New sugar import forecast for MY 2012/13 was revised upward to about 200,000 MT-RV. A
large portion of these imports could be used to cover the needs of the Mexican Sugar Re-export
Program industries (IMMEX). The MY 2011/12 sugar import estimate remains unchanged from the
previous USDA/Official forecast. As reported, SE decided to establish another TRQ for 2012 for up to
250,000 MT, if or when SE identified a need to import sugar to ensure domestic supplies. The
announcement was published in the Diario Oficial (Federal Register) on May 4, 2012. Based on the
preliminary updated estimates of sugar production for MY 2011/12, SE had decided that the domestic
supply might become insufficient to meet demand by the later part of this marketing year. To date, this
TRQ has not been used and the sugar industry believes it will not be needed. Post did not include this
quota in the import estimates table. Sugar imports for MY 2010/11 remain unchanged.
Sugar use under the “other disappearance” category in Table 1, is mainly for the Mexican re-export
program (IMMEX)1. The forecast for MY 2012/13 for sugar use under IMMEX was revised upward
very similar to MY 2011/12 levels, as almost the same industries will be importing sugar for the
processing of their products. MY 2011/12 sugar use for IMMEX industries was revised upward based
on official information to 330,000 MT-RV of which close to 200,000 MT-RV were imported. The
IMMEX program allows sugar to be sold to Mexican food manufacturers as raw material for further
processing. These food manufacturers must then process the sugar within six months from the date of
purchase and export the final processed product. Although this report does not consider these products
when calculating sugar exports, the Government of Mexico classifies the sugar containing products sold
under the IMMEX program as exports of sugar.
Decree for the Development of the Manufacturing, Maquila and Export Services Industry.
MX2068 Mexico Sugar Semi-Annual Page 4
The HFCS import forecast for MY2012/13 is expected to increase about 5 percent over MY 2011/12,
although the sugar industry believes imports could be higher. HFCS imports for MY 2011/12 are
expected to be about 1.20 MMT dry basis as long as the soft-drink bottling industry continues to benefit
from the difference in price between sugar and HFCS. The official CONADESUCA estimate for
imported HFCS is 1.18 MMT dry basis for MY 2010/11.
The Post/New sugar ending stock forecast for MY2012/13 was revised upward to 892,000 MT-RV.
This is approximately two months of domestic consumption. Sugar ending stocks for MY 2011/12 are
likely to end at 954 MT-RV depending on final exports. Stocks for MY 2010/11 remain unchanged.
The government published in the Diario Oficial (Federal Register) on July 23, 2012 an agreement to
release nine sugar mills from Federal ownership and control in order to sell them by public tender. The
mills will be sold in one package. The nine mills announced in this publication are the last to be divested
by the government. Since expropriation, these mills have been owned and administered by FEESA (Fund of
Expropriated Companies from the Sugar Sector) and have generally been responsible for 20-30 percent of
Mexico’s annual sugar production. For further information consult Report MX 2057 “Mexico Takes Steps
to Privatize State-Owned Sugar Mills”.
The National Committee for the Sugar Cane Agroindustry (CONADESUCA)
The National Chamber for the Sugar and Alcohol Industries (CNIAA)
The National Service of Market Information (SNIIM-ECONOMIA)
Table 1. Mexico: Centrifugal Sugar PS&D
Sugar, Centrifugal Mexico 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013
Market Year Begin: Oct 2010 Market Year Begin: Oct 2011 Market Year Begin: Oct 2012
USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post
Beginning Stocks 973 973 806 806 848 954
Beet Sugar Production 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cane Sugar Production 5,495 5,495 5,194 5,351 5,448 5,618
Total Sugar Production 5,495 5,495 5,194 5,351 5,448 5,618
Raw Imports 0 0 0 0 0 0
Refined Imp.(Raw Val) 307 307 405 405 192 200
Total Imports 307 307 405 405 192 200
Total Supply 6,775 6,775 6,405 6,562 6,488 6,772
Raw Exports 0 0 0 0 0 0
Refined Exp.(Raw Val) 1,558 1,558 911 950 1,024 1,150
MX2068 Mexico Sugar Semi-Annual Page 5
Total Exports 1,558 1,558 911 950 1,024 1,150
Human Dom. Consumption 4,187 4,187 4,328 4,328 4,321 4,400
Other Disappearance 224 224 318 330 300 330
Total Use 4,411 4,411 4,646 4,658 4,621 4,730
Ending Stocks 806 806 848 954 843 892
Total Distribution 6,775 6,775 6,405 6,562 6,488 6,772
Table 2. Mexico: Sugar Cane for Centrifugal PS&D
Sugar Cane for Centrifugal Mexico 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013
Market Year Begin: Nov 2010 Market Year Begin: Nov 2011 Market Year Begin: Nov 2012
USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post
Area Planted 759 759 760 720 762 720
Area Harvested 673 673 706 704 718 690
Production 44,092 44,131 45,856 462,321 45,900 46,400
Total Supply 44,092 44,131 45,856 462,321 45,900 46,400
Utilization for Sugar 44,092 44,131 45,856 462,321 45,900 46,400
Utilizatn for Alcohol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total Utilization 44,092 44,131 45,856 462,321 45,900 46,400
1000 HA, 1000 MT
Table 3. Mexico: Average Wholesale Sugar Prices in Mexico City
MX Pesos per 50 Kilograms - Bulk
Month Standard Refined
2011 2012 Percent Change 2011 2012 Percent
January 505.63 585.30 15.75 569.59 693.67 21.78
February 497.38 555.58 11.70 566.67 664.33 17.23
March 509.73 523.88 2.77 563.66 622.50 10.43
April 517.79 516.97 (0.15) 566.25 611.92 8.06
May 535.27 566.61 5.85 578.33 666.67 15.27
June 536.17 513.06 (4.31) 581.67 613.33 5.44
July 560.50 490.57 (12.47) 603.34 604.53 0.19
August 624.77 447.78 (28.32) 661.33 582.08 (11.98)
September 637.50 416.21* (34.70) 678.25 543.75* (19.83)
October 718.13 N/A N/A 739.17 N/A N/A
MX2068 Mexico Sugar Semi-Annual Page 6
November 686.17 N/A N/A 729.20 N/A N/A
December 621.83 N/A N/A 710.00 N/A N/A
Source: Servicio Nacional de Informacion de Mercados SNIIM-ECONOMIA
*Through September 25, 2012
Table 4. Mexico: Monthly Exchange Rate
Averages for 2009-2012
MX Pesos per U.S. $1.00
2009 2010 2011 2012
January 13.15 12.80 12.13 13.46
February 14.55 12.95 12.06 12.79
March 14.71 12.59 12.00 12.75
April 13.41 12.23 11.73 13.05
May 13.19 12.71 11.64 13.60
June 13.47 12.72 11.80 13.94
July 13.36 12.65 11.67 13.37
August 13.00 13.15 12.22 13.18
September 13.41 12.84 12.97 13.13*
October 13.24 12.44 13.49
November 13.12 12.33 13.67
December 12.85 12.39 13.73
Annual Avg 12.33 12.65 12.42 13.25
Source: Mexican Federal Register
Note: Monthly rates are averages of daily exchange rates from the Banco de Mexico.
*As of 1st. week of September 2012
FAS/Mexico Web Site: We are available at www.mexico-usda.com or visit the FAS headquarters'
home page at www.fas.usda.gov for a complete selection of FAS worldwide agricultural reporting.
FAS/Mexico YouTube Channel: Catch the latest videos of FAS Mexico at work
Useful Mexican Web Sites: Mexico's equivalent of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (SAGARPA)
can be found at www.sagarpa.gob.mx, the equivalent of the U.S. Department of Commerce (SE) can be
found at www.economia.gob.mx, and the equivalent of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration
(SALUD) can be found at www.salud.gob.mx. These web sites are mentioned for the reader's
convenience but USDA does NOT in any way endorse, guarantee the accuracy of, or necessarily concur
with, the information contained on the mentioned sites.
Other Relevant Reports Submitted by FAS/Mexico:
Number Subject Submitted
MX2068 Mexico Sugar Semi-Annual Page 7
MX2057 Mexico Takes Steps to Privatize State-Owned Sugar Mills 08/01/2012
MX2019 2012 Sugar Annual.- Production and Exports Forecast to Rise Next Ye 04/10/2012 ar
MX2002 Mexico Rolls Out Electronic Sugar Marketing Platform 01/09/2012
MX1093 Sugar Included in Mexico-Central America FTA 12/07/2011
MX1081 Mexican Sugar Reference Price Up Slightly 11/01/2011
MX2068 Mexico Sugar Semi-Annual Page 8