On July 6, the Secretariat of Economy (SE) announced that it planned to open a 132,000 metric ton (MT) tariff-free tariff rate quota (TRQ) in order to help stabilize domestic egg prices.
THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY
USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT
GAIN Report Number: MX2046
Economia Opens 221K Metric Ton Egg Quota Due to
Poultry and Products
Agriculture in the Economy
Agriculture in the News
Daniel K. Berman
On July 6, the Secretariat of Economy (SE) announced that it planned to open a 132,000 metric ton
(MT) tariff-free tariff rate quota (TRQ) in order to help stabilize domestic egg prices. By the end of the
day, SE increased the planned TRQ to 221, 000 MT as it approximated estimated monthly egg
consumption. Egg prices throughout much of Mexico have skyrocketed over the past weeks as high
pathogenic avian influenza has hit Mexico’s layer flock and raised concerns about egg and egg product
availability. The United States remains eligible to export eggs to Mexico without any tariff imposed on
On July 6, the SE decided to open a 132,000 MT quota to import table eggs from Poland, China,
Turkey, and Ukraine in order to stabilize domestic egg prices that have significantly increased due to
alleged market speculation. Later in the day, SE increased the planned TRQ to 221,000 MT. SE
reported that the elimination of the current tariff (45 percent) that Mexico applies to the import of eggs
from the above countries is not part of any trade agreement. The Secretary of Economy, Bruno Ferrari,
has indicated that the proposed quota must be approved first by the Foreign Trade Commission and then
by the Regulatory Improvement Commission (COFEMER) before publication in the Mexico’s Federal
Register (Diario Oficial). The exact date of publication is uncertain but it is expected that it will be
published in the short term.
Private and industry sources declared that the recent statement by Secretary Ferrari is somewhat
confusing as importing eggs from China is not a feasible option. Sources report that Poland currently
supplies the European Union, who is paying a higher price compared to those that Mexico could pay,
and the Ukraine will be in a similar situation. Imports from Turkey, would take up to 40 days for transit
and costs would be passed along to consumers at prices likely beyond their purchasing power.
Furthermore, industry sources declared that the SE announcement is contradictory as the Secretariat and
industry officials have been claiming that there is sufficient domestic supply.
Nationwide egg prices have increased as have prices for other poultry and basic products (corn tortillas,
beans, rice, etc.). Mexico City egg prices skyrocketed 56 percent by the first week of July in
comparison to the last week of June 2012. Sources report that this price increase is unjustified and is
being attributed to speculative traders and distributors. Some private sources have declared that the SE
announcement appears to be a maneuver to calm prices from escalating further and to unveil the
possibility of using legal tools to control speculation.
For More Information
FAS/Mexico Web Site: We are available at www.mexico-usda.com or visit the FAS headquarters'
home page at www.fas.usda.gov for a complete selection of FAS worldwide agricultural reporting.
FAS/Mexico YouTube Channel: Catch the latest videos of FAS Mexico at work
Other Relevant Reports Submitted by FAS/Mexico:
Report Subject Date
MX2044 Avian Influenza Hits More Farms in Jalisco 7/5/2012
MX2043 Emergency Management System Activated to 7/2/2012
Combat Avian Influenza
MX2046 Economia Opens 221K Metric Ton Egg Quota Due to Market Speculation Page 2
MX2040 High Path Avian Influenza Outbreak in Jalisco 6/26/2012
MX2503 Exporting to Mexico – Managing Border Entry 3/22/2012
MX2016 2012 Livestock and Products Semi-Annual 3/21/2012
MX2012 2012 Poultry and Poultry Products Semi-Annual 3/20/2012
MX2004 Mexico Publishes Preliminary Determination on U.S. 1/20/2012
MX1092 New Meat and Poultry Letterhead Certificates 12/6/2011
Useful Mexican Web Sites: Mexico's equivalent to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (SAGARPA)
can be found at www.sagarpa.gob.mx, equivalent to the U.S. Department of Commerce (SE) can be
found at www.economia.gob.mx and equivalent to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (SALUD)
can be found at www.salud.gob.mx. These web sites are mentioned for the readers' convenience but
USDA does NOT in any way endorse, guarantee the accuracy of, or necessarily concur with, the
information contained on the mentioned sites.
MX2046 Economia Opens 221K Metric Ton Egg Quota Due to Market Speculation Page 3