Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards

An Expert's View about Agriculture and Animal Husbandry in New Zealand

Posted on: 23 Jan 2012

This report outlines regulatory requirements for food and agricultural products exported to New Zealand. The sections on food laws, copyright and trademarks laws have been updated since the last repor

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 12/30/2011 GAIN Report Number: NZ1118 New Zealand Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards - Narrative FAIRS Country Report Approved By: Joe Carroll, Agricultural Counselor Prepared By: Vinita Sharma, Marketing Analyst Report Highlights: This report outlines regulatory requirements for food and agricultural products exported to New Zealand. The sections on food laws, copyright and trademarks laws have been updated since the last report. Author Defined: SECTION I: FOOD LAWS Food Legislation In New Zealand, they key legislation governing food regulation is the Food Act 1981 (as amended). The Food Act defines relevant terms, such as, food and sale; outlines prohibitions on sale (including unfit food); prohibits misleading labeling and advertising; provides powers of enforcement and offences; and, contains provisions to make regulations and food standards. A new law, replacing the Food Act 1981, is before Parliament. If passed into law, the Food Bill would replace the Food Act 1981 and introduce some fundamental changes to New Zealand's domestic food regulatory regime. The Food Bill aims to provide an efficient, effective and risk-based food regulatory regime that manages food safety and suitability issues, improves business certainty and minimizes compliance costs for business. ( Other important legislation and international agreements include: The Joint Food Standards Treaty, which committed the Australian and New Zealand Governments to a joint food standards system; The Agricultural Compounds and Veterinary Medicines Act of 1997; Animal Products Act 1999 and Animal Products Amendment Act 2002; Wine Act 2003 The Trans Tasman Mutual Recognition Act, which allows products made or imported into New Zealand that meet New Zealand‟s legal requirements, to also be sold in Australia and vice versa. (Some products are currently exempted from the agreement, including each country‟s high-risk food list.) The Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement and World Trade Organization Agreements; and, Codex Alimentarius, which is the international body for setting food standards. Australia New Zealand Joint Food Standards Code Australia and New Zealand signed an agreement in 1995 that resulted in the formation of a joint food regulation agency, Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ), and development of the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code (otherwise known as the Code). The Code was adopted in New Zealand in February 2001 and took full effect in December 2002. The Code, which is administered by FSANZ, contains requirements relating to food composition, including foods requiring premarket assessment such as novel foods, irradiated foods and foods produced using genetic modification. It is broken down into four chapters: general food standards; commodity standards; food safety standards (Australia only); and primary product and processing standards (Australia only). Only the chapters on general food standards and commodity standards are applicable to New Zealand. In New Zealand, the standards in the Code are enforced by the New Zealand Food Safety Authority (NZFSA). A number of areas are outside the scope of the joint food standards system and are covered under the New Zealand Food Standards. These include: • Maximum residue limits of agricultural compounds in food; • Food hygiene and food safety provisions (including high risk imported foods); • Export requirements relating to third country trade; and, • Dietary supplements. The Supplemented Food Standard, which regulates food type dietary supplements came into effect on March 31, 2010. These foods were previously regulated under the New Zealand Dietary Supplement Regulations 1985. A supplemented food is defined as a “product that is represented as a food that has a substance or substances added to it or that has been modified in some way to perform a physiological role beyond the provision of a simple nutritive requirement.” The standard makes it clear that several types of products are not supplemented foods. Those products include therapeutic type dietary supplements, medicines, controlled drugs or restricted substances, formulated meal replacements or formulated supplementary foods and formulated caffeinated beverages. Most of the regulatory requirements that apply to food generally under the Food Standards Code also apply to supplemented food. The main difference is that there are fewer restrictions associated with the use of vitamins, minerals and bio-active substances in supplemented food. The Supplemented Food Standard does not permit the addition of substances that are prohibited or restricted in the Food Standards Code or that have been recognized as having negative health effects when consumed. The Standard also prohibits the use in supplemented food of any substance that is intended to have an intoxicating effect on any person who consumes it. Therapeutic claims are not permitted on Supplemented Food. Key Organizations New Zealand organizations that play key roles in regulating the food supply include: Ministry of Agriculture & Forestry (MAF) and Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ). As of July, 2011 the New Zealand Food Safety Authority (NZFSA) and Biosecurity New Zealand (BNZ) are now part of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF). Key Organizations New Zealand organizations that play key roles in regulating the food supply include: Ministry of Agriculture, Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ). Ministry of Agriculture & Forestry The Ministry of Agriculture & Forestry (MAF) is responsible for food safety in New Zealand. Part of MAF‟s responsibilities is to maximize export opportunities and improve sector productivity whilst protecting consumers of New Zealand food, whether here or overseas. Additionally, MAF has responsibility to providing effective food regulation for food produced or consumed in New Zealand including imported and exported food products. In New Zealand, an estimated 80% of the food produced is exported, providing just over half of the country‟s export earnings. New Zealand often plays a leadership role in international standard setting bodies, such as the Codex Alimentarius Commission (the standard setting agency for trade in food) and the OIE (the international organization for animal health). The Ministry of Agriculture administers the following legislation: Food Act 1981  the Animal Products Act 1999 (except live animals and germplasm)  The Agricultural Compounds and Veterinary Medicines Act 1997  The Wine Act 2004 A significant initiative has been the Domestic Food Review which commenced in 2003. It was initiated to update and stream line New Zealand‟s decades-old regulatory program. Among other things, it was intended to address inequities in the way the food industry is regulated across the country; clarify the roles of the regulators (MAF, Public Health Units and Local Councils); and stem the continued rise in the number of reported food borne illnesses. The Domestic Food Review initiated the Food Bill. The Food Bill proposes to move food regulation from an inspection-based system to a risk-based approach. This means that instead of the responsibility for food safety being placed on inspectors to find any problems, responsibility is moved to the food operators and food importers, who must take primary responsibility for providing safe and suitable food. It aims to improve business certainty and minimize compliance costs for businesses. The Food Bill is expected to be enacted by April 2012. Once the Food Bill is implemented, it will eventually replace the Food Act 1981 and the Food Hygiene Regulations 1974 and will amend the Animal Products Act 1999 and the Wine Act 2003. In concert with the Domestic Food Review, NZFSA implemented the outcomes of the Imported Food Review, which was completed in 2004. The Imported Food Review covered all imported foods and beverages, agricultural compounds (including fertilizers and animal feeds), veterinary medicines and pet foods. Under the new regime, New Zealand is moving away from a system that relies on inspection and testing as the primary way of ensuring food safety to a system that includes assessment and recognition of controls in place overseas that ensures imported food meet or are equivalent to New Zealand‟s standards for domestic food. The new regime categorizes food according to risk; places greater emphasis on importers in taking steps to ensure food safety; and recognizes exporting country systems and assurances to ensure they meet or are equivalent to New Zealand‟s standards for domestic food. New Zealand‟s objective is to place more responsibility for managing food safety on the importers to source food from countries that produce and export food that meets the New Zealand standard or equivalent. Implementation, which will take place in stages over the next five years, will require increased collaboration among agencies and, in some cases, legislative changes. The new system formally recognizes the role that the competent authority in exporting countries can be the “risk manager” for the importing country. Recommendations from the Imported Food Review are being implemented in the Food Bill. Once the Food Bill is approved by Parliament it will be a new Food Act and will replace the Food Act 1981. Under the existing Food Act 1981, in April 2009, two new standards were implemented relating to imports. One is intended to provide importers with a clear indication of what the New Zealand Food Safety Authority (NZFSA) expects importers to do to ensure the food they import for sale is safe and suitable for human consumption. The other standard requires importers to provide details such as their company‟s trading name and physical address, a contact person‟s name and postal address with NZFSA. They will also be required to keep, or have access to, records that show how the products they import for sale comply with all applicable New Zealand legislation, that their food products have been produced, transported and stored safely, as well as purchase records and relevant supplier information. This will enable NZFSA to develop a contact database. It is intended that the database will enable NZFSA to communicate more effectively with all food importers and assist these importers to prepare for the future imported food regime. The database will also enhance the ability of NZFSA to respond to food incidents and emergencies. Standards for high risk foods are being reviewed and three - bivalve molluscan shellfish, beef for BSE, and Roquefort and raw milk extra hard grating cheese - have been issued under the existing Food Act based on the new imported food regime. This acknowledges that the risks are best managed through the production and processing stages and therefore requires risks to be managed at origin. In October 2009, the Minister for Food Safety approved a regulatory framework, which allows both New Zealand production of some raw milk products and the importation of a similar range of raw milk products, while maintaining an acceptable level of protection for consumers. Previously, only a small range of raw milk cheeses have been allowed to be imported into New Zealand, but could not be made here. Food Standards Australia New Zealand Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ), a statutory authority operating under the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991, was established in 2002. FSANZ develops standards that are contained within the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code. FSANZ‟s primary objectives are: the protection of public health and safety; provision of adequate information to consumers to make informed choices; and the prevention of misleading or deceptive conduct. As such, FSANZ is responsible for setting food standards that govern the content and labeling of foods sold in both New Zealand and Australia. The standards cover food composition, labeling and contaminants, including microbiological limits. In New Zealand, NZFSA enforces these standards. In March 2008, a standard developed by FSANZ requiring the mandatory replacement of non-iodized salt with iodized salt in bread was gazetted in New Zealand. FSANZ approved the mandatory replacement because there is a mild to moderate population-wide iodine deficiency in New Zealand particularly in new mothers and children‟s growth. FSANZ selected bread as the preferred food vehicle because it is eaten widely and consistently throughout the entire population. All organic bread will be exempt from mandatory iodine fortification. This standard was implemented in October 2009, which gave the New Zealand salt industry time to increase production of iodized salt. The FSANZ board approved a draft food standard for nutrition, health and related claims in March 2008. The standard was notified to the Australia New Zealand Food Regulation Ministerial Council in April 2008. Under the standard, health claims relating to nutrients and biologically active substances can only be made on foods which are considered eligible on the basis of their overall nutrient profile. The nutrient profile is determined by the Nutrient Profile Scoring Criteria (NPSC), which was developed by FSANZ. The NPSC takes account of energy, saturated fat, sugar, sodium, protein, fruit, vegetable, nut and legume content. The review process is due to be finalized by October 2011. In October 2009, the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) and the Australia and New Zealand Food Regulation Ministerial Council (the Ministerial Council) announced a comprehensive review of food labeling. An independent review panel has been established to: examine the policy drivers impacting on demands for food labeling; consider the role for government in the regulation of food labeling; consider what policies and mechanisms are needed to ensure that government plays its optimum role; consider principles and approaches to achieve compliance with labeling requirements, and appropriate and consistent enforcement; evaluate current policies, standards and laws relevant to food labeling and existing work on health claims and front of pack labeling; and, make recommendations to improve food labeling law and policy. The report released on January 2011 can be found at The report contains more than 60 recommendations across a broad range of labeling issues. In December 2011, the legislative and Governance Forum on Food Regulation agreed its response to Labelling Logic, the final report of the independence Panel for the Review of Food Labeling Law and Policy. The Government response can be found at Governance Forum on Food Regulation response to the Food Labeling Law and Policy Review. Biosecurity New Zealand Biosecurity New Zealand is a division of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF) with the lead role in biosecurity protection (e.g. preventing unwanted pests and diseases being imported into New Zealand, and for controlling, managing or eradicating them should they arrive). New Zealand has strict biosecurity rules. Non-processed products cannot be imported into New Zealand unless an import health standard has been developed. Import health standards specify the biosecurity requirements that must be met for trade to occur. Detailed information on funding and the management system for biosecurity import health standards can be found at: Biosecurity New Zealand introduced a new system for prioritizing and funding biosecurity import health standards on July 1, 2006. Biosecurity New Zealand uses this system to prioritize requests for import health standards received from both trading partners and private sector applicants, and to develop its work program. This new system is one of several measures to address the gap between demand and New Zealand‟s capacity to deliver import health. Detailed information on funding and management system for biosecurity import health standards can be seen at: Briefly, the process for developing import health standards is as follows: Every year, around December, MAF invites applications or reconfirmations of requests for import health standard work for the year starting next June, along with an indication of whether applicants would be willing to fund the work. MAF compiles a list of all the “live” requests for import health standard work for the coming year. MAF officials pre-screen the requests using a set of prioritization criteria. The pre-screen identifies those requests that clearly will not be prioritized high enough to be progressed during the year. The prioritization criteria include: strategic fit with the New Zealand Government‟s goals, net benefit for New Zealand, technical difficulty of the work, acceptability of the result for New Zealanders, and the availability of suitable resources. An expert panel including MAF, other government departments and experienced independent persons, then prioritizes the remaining import health standard requests using the same prioritization criteria. Once MAF has a prioritized list of requests, the Crown-funded resources are matched to the highest priority items to form the Crown-funded portion of the work program. The remaining applicants who indicated that they would be prepared to fund their application will then, in priority order and provided suitable contracted or staff resources are available, be invited to consider funding development of their standard. The import health standard development work program is then finalized, comprising both Crown and privately funded resources. Applicants are then advised of the result for their application and the prioritized list of all requests and the annual work program published on the MAF Biosecurity New Zealand website. Requests for the development of new import health standards can now be submitted to MAF at any time although MAF prefers official requests to be submitted via agreed official channels. Requests are reviewed at the time of receipt in case they can be covered within the existing work program. If not, the request is held until the next round of prioritization and work program update. Submitters will be contacted by MAF prior to commencement of the next prioritization round to confirm their request. More detailed information on the prioritization process is available at: In July 2008, Biosecurity New Zealand issued a notice to allow for an independent review as part of the development of import health standards. The purpose of the review is to determine whether the Ministry of Agriculture has given sufficient regard to the scientific evidence about which a person consulted on a draft standard has raised a significant concern. A request for an independent review may be made following consultation on the risk analysis associated with a proposed import health standard, or the proposed import health standard. Requests must be made in writing to the Director-General and must: (a) identify the part of the person‟s submission that explains the person‟s significant concern with the Chief technical officer‟s consideration of the scientific evidence; (b) explain why the person considers that there has been insufficient regard to the scientific evidence; and, (c) include any additional scientific information related to the concern that was not provided to the chief technical officer during consultation. More information can be found at SECTION II: LABELING REQUIREMENTS Food sold in New Zealand must be labeled in accordance with the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code (otherwise known as the Code). Food Labeling Requirements Most food for sale in New Zealand must be clearly labeled in English (other languages can be used in addition to English, as long as they do not contradict the information). Specific health and safety information about some food products must be given to consumers even when a complete label is not required (for example the presence of caffeine or allergenic substances). Additional labeling statements may be required under the individual food product standards specified in the Code. (See Standard 1.2.2 - 1.2.10 of the Food Code for specifics.) Labels must include the following information: The name of the food: Food products must be accurately named and/or described on the label. If a name is specified for the food in the Food Standards Code then this name must be used. Lot identification: This is information that clearly indicates the premises where the food was packaged and/or prepared and the batch from which it came, to assist should there be a food recall. A date mark and supplier‟s address may be sufficient. Name and address: The supplier's name and business (street) address in New Zealand or Australia. (Note: “Supplier” includes packer, manufacturer, vendor or importer of the food.) Mandatory warning statements, advisory statements and declarations for certain ingredients/substances: Some products must have special advisory and warning statements about the food or ingredients/substances in a food (e.g. food containing unpasteurized egg must advise/state that the product contains unpasteurized egg and foods containing royal jelly must include a specific warning statement). This information must be available even where a complete label is not required. Warning statements must appear on labels on 3mm type (1.5mm for small packages). Mandatory declaration of certain ingredients/substances: The presence of common food allergens and food/ingredients that commonly cause food intolerances (e.g. peanuts, gluten) must be declared on food labels, or where a complete label is not required, the information must be available to the consumer. Ingredient list: All ingredients must be listed by their common name, a description or, where specified in the Food Standards Code, the generic name, in descending order of in-going weight. Ingredients are any substances used in the preparation, manufacture and handling of a food and include food additives, compound ingredients (any ingredient that is itself made up of two or more ingredients), and added water. Food additives: The class name of the additive (where specified in the Food Standards Code) followed by the additive‟s specific name or code number must be declared. Where the additive is a vitamin or mineral the class name “vitamin” or “mineral” may be used. Date marking: Most packaged foods with a shelf life of less than two years must have one of the following date marks: “Use By” dates, which relate to food safety. Foods with a “Use By” date should not be consumed after the date indicated for health and safety reasons. Food cannot be sold beyond their “Use By” date. “Best Before” dates, which relate to quality. Foods should be consumed by their “Best Before” date to ensure quality. Foods can be sold beyond their “Best Before” date provided it is still fit for consumption. “Baked On” and “Baked For” dates can be used for breads with a shelf life of less than 7 days. Directions for use and storage: Storage instructions must be provided where necessary to ensure that the food will keep for the period indicated by the date mark and/or where the consumer should be aware of any storage and use requirements necessary to ensure the food safety. Percentage labeling: The percentage of the characterizing ingredients, and/or components of most food products must be indicated on the label. Net content is required under the Weights and Measures Regulations 1999. Nutrition Labeling Requirement The nutritional information panel (NIP) must be set out specifically as shown below and is required on most packaged food products. Where average quantities or minimum/maximum quantities are given this must be indicated in the NIP. Example of a Blank Nutrition Information Panel Labeling Requirements for Food Produced using Gene Technology Genetically modified ingredients and foods can only be sold in New Zealand if they have been assessed for safety and approved by FSANZ. New Zealand and Australia have one of the most comprehensive labeling regimes for genetically modified (GM) foods in the world. As of December 2001, wherever a GM ingredient, additive or processing aid is present in the final food, the food must be labeled. A typical ingredient list for a food containing a GM ingredient is as follows: Ingredients: wheat flour, water added, yeast, soya flour (genetically modified), vegetable oil, sugar, emulsifiers (471, 472E), preservative (282), enzyme amylase. Where ingredients derived from GM plants - such as sugars, oils and some GM additives and processing aids - have been refined to the extent that there is no residual genetic material or protein of the source plant in the final product, and the product does not have altered characteristics, special labeling is not required. Another exemption to the labeling requirements in processed foods are GM flavors, which are allowed to be present up to a level of one part in a thousand in the final food without being identified as GM. Foods prepared from GM ingredients, additives and processing aids, but sold unlabeled at the point of sale for immediate consumption - e.g. restaurants, hotels and take-outs - are also exempt from labeling requirements. NZFSA is responsible for the enforcement of GM food labeling standards in New Zealand. For additional information, review Standard 1.5.2. This standard regulates the sale of genetically modified foods in Australia and New Zealand and was incorporated into the Food Standards Code on May 13, 1999 and amended on December 7, 2000. SECTION III: PACKAGING AND CONTAINER REQUIREMENTS Food Packaging Materials Under the New Zealand Food Act of 1981, packaging material must not cause food to be unsafe or tainted. In addition, specific requirements in the Code, which relate to contaminants, must also be met (Standard 1.4.3 Articles and Materials in Contact with Food). It is the responsibility of food manufacturers and sellers to ensure their products are safe and that they comply with legislation. In practice, packaging suppliers will need to ensure their products are suitable for the intended use. Compliance with recognized international food standards such as those of the European Union (EU) or the United States Food and Drug Administration would be reasonable evidence that materials are suitable for food use. The Australia and New Zealand Food Regulation Ministerial Council is working with FSANZ to liaise with the industry to voluntarily phase out Bisphenol A (BPA) – a chemical used in the plastics industry in baby bottles and food containers. As per a FSANZ report, BPA exposure in New Zealand and Australia is well below the internationally established safe levels and poses no significant human health risk, however, FSANZ will continue to liaise with the industry to provide alternative packaging material such as stainless steel, glass or BPA-free plastics, and to be consistent with approaches taken by governments from other countries, including U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Wood Packaging Materials Used for Shipping Products to New Zealand Under the Biosecurity Act (1993) importers must comply with an Import Health Standard (IHS) that outlines phytosanitary requirements for wood packaging material to be given biosecurity clearance into New Zealand. The IHS for Wood Packaging Material from All Countries has been developed under the requirements of the Biosecurity Act (1993) and New Zealand‟s obligations under the International Plant Protection Convention (1997). Wood packaging that is treated and certified as per “International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM) 15 standard” will be compliant with the New Zealand standard. Import Health Standard for Sea Containers This Import Health Standard covers only the shipping containers and does not include the contents which can be categorized as either “High Risk” or “Low Risk” goods. Import Health Standard on sea containers can be seen at: For High Risk goods containing any risk material (i.e.of plant or animal origin, used vehicles, machinery etc), please see the appropriate Import Health Standard at Low risk goods may be released and the container may be given approval to move to Approved Transitional Facility (ATF), as long as the requirements are met as per the import health standard. From September 1, 2003 onwards, every imported container must be delivered to a Biosecurity “Approved Transitional Facility” (ATF) within New Zealand and be inspected by a trained “Accredited Person” (AP). All containers must have a Quarantine Declaration (a document signed by a manager of the packing or exporter facility that declares; that a container was inspected internally and externally and was found to be free of contaminants, and the type of packing materials and wood packaging used and information pertaining to the container number, Ship and voyage number it is shipped on). Failure to provide a Quarantine declaration will result in extra biosecurity requirements and costs. Only ISPM15 (an international packaging standard) compliant packaging is allowed entry into New Zealand and any non-compliant packaging (timber etc) will be required to be treated either overseas, to New Zealand standards with approved methods; or inspected and treated in New Zealand (Fumigation with methyl bromide gas) prior to release of the container by the New Zealand Biosecurity Officer. If treated overseas, the original Fumigation certificate must be produced prior to release. In addition to the above, some containers are deemed to be "high risk" (regardless of the contents). These must be subjected to either: Six-sided external inspection on the port area by an inspector within 48 hours of discharge, Fumigation with methyl bromide Be accompanied by an official phytosanitary certificate attesting to the container's freedom from specific contamination Inspection under Biosecurity supervision at an ATF To expedite clearance, additional certification of containers as free from restricted packaging and free of contamination of either the external or internal surfaces of the container or both is an option. In certain circumstances, certification may cover multiple arrivals of containers for periods of up to one year. Import Health Standard for Air Containers Air containers used for the import of food products into New Zealand must meet a minimum standard of cleanliness. All parts of the container including the internal and external sides must be free of contamination. Every container must also be free of any of the following: Animals, insects or other invertebrates (any life cycle stage), egg casings or rafts, or any organic material of animal origin (including blood, bones, fiber, meat, secretions, excretions, etc); Plants or plant products (including fruit, seeds, leaves, twigs, roots, bark, saw dust, or other organic material); or Soil or water For additional information, see the MAF import health standard: Air Containers from any Country (MAF Regulatory Authority 152.07.01I). SECTION IV: FOOD ADDITVE REGULATIONS FSANZ is responsible for the development and modification of food standards in the Food Standards Code. The section of the code that governs food additives, Standard 1.3.1, has been in force for several years. It was developed on the basis of food additive provisions from the former Australia Food Standards Code and the former New Zealand Food Regulations, 1984. The Code addresses additives in two ways. Some additives have specific permissions and levels allowed in food; others are permitted at levels determined by GMP (Good Manufacturing Practice). Information regarding permitted use of food additives is listed in Schedule 1, of Standard 1.31. of the Code. A list of miscellaneous additives permitted in accordance with GMP in processed foods is listed in Schedule 2 of Standard 1.3.1. Information regarding applications for the approval of new food additive is available at: Special note should be taken for additives that are genetically modified. For more information on the declaration of genetically modified ingredients see FSANZ guideline: Labeling Genetically Modified Food. SECTION V: PESTICIDES AND OTHER CONTAMINANTS Contaminants and Natural Toxicants FSANZ sets standards for the maximum levels (MLs) of specified metal and non-metal contaminants and natural toxicants in nominated foods. Information on Contaminants and natural Toxicants can be seen in Standard 1.4.1 of the Code. Pesticide Residues and Chemical Contaminants The upper limit of agricultural and veterinary chemical residue allowed in a food is known as the Maximum Residue Limit (MRL). FSANZ sets MRLs for Australia only, and these are in the Code. NZFSA has responsibility for setting and enforcing MRLs in New Zealand. All imported and domestically-produced food sold in New Zealand (except for food imported from Australia) must comply with the New Zealand (Maximum Residue Limits of Agricultural Compounds) Food Standards (the MRL Standards). Under MRL Standards, agricultural compound residues in food must: Comply with the specific MRLs listed in the MRL Standard (including the "default" MRL of 0.1 mg/kg where no specific MRL is listed; note that updates to this standard were made in 2010), or If the food is imported, it may comply with Codex MRLs. Microbiological Contaminants FSANZ sets microbiological limits for foods in both countries. SECTION VI: OTHER REGULATIONS AND REQUIREMENTS Inspection Requirements Foods covered by emergency or prescribed food standards are targeted for inspection using customs tariff codes. From September 1, 2009, Central Clearing House (CCH), part of New Zealand Food Safety Authority, is now responsible for processing applications for all high risk foods imported into New Zealand as referred from New Zealand Customs. Prior to CCH, Auckland Central Clearing House (ACCH) used to handle high risk foods imported into New Zealand. CCH is also the initial contact point for information to importers and customs brokers. CCH is the part of the NZFSA that carries out the imports operational procedures. For more information on CCH, please see Product Samples Trade/product samples will be subject to the same requirements as imported food for sale unless there is sufficient evidence that the samples will not be consumed. Specific documentation and certification requirements Please refer to FAIRS Export Certificates Report for specific import certification requirement for products entering New Zealand. This can be seen at: SECTION VII: OTHER SPECIFIC STANDARDS Organic Foods There are two major organic certifying agencies in New Zealand for the certification of locally produced organic products, BioGro and Agriquality New Zealand. Both agencies are accredited by International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM). In New Zealand, there is no official standard set for organic food products. Products certified by the National Organics Program (NOP) in the United States can be exported to New Zealand and sold as organic. There are no mandatory labeling requirements for organic products imported into New Zealand, unless these products are intended to be further processed in New Zealand and re-exported. The NZFSA Technical Rules under Section 11 (Imported Product and/or Ingredient) details the requirements for organic products/ingredients imported into New Zealand for further processing and re- exported. SECTION VII: COPYRIGHT AND/OR TRADEMARK LAWS Patents The Patents Act 1953 ("the Act") governs patents in New Zealand. Trademarks Protection is provided to registered trademarks through the Trademarks Act 2002. The registration of trademarks is not essential. Owners of trademarks may rely on common law rights to protect their trademarks. As the rights of owners of registered trademarks are statutorily defined, however, registration is often desirable. Unlike other forms of intellectual property, such as patents and designs, trade mark registrations can be renewed indefinitely, thereby providing owners with the exclusive right to use their trade marks in perpetuity. Information on the Trade Marks Act is available at: Trademarks Act 2002 As a member of the World Trade Organization, New Zealand is a party to the Agreement on Trade- Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights 1994 (the TRIPS agreement). All of the obligations relating to trade marks imposed under the TRIPS agreement have been incorporated into the Act. These obligations include those in Article 15(1) of the TRIPS agreement, which states that “signs, in particular words including names, letters, numerals, figurative elements and combinations of colors as well as combinations of such signs, shall be eligible for registration as trade marks”. Copyright The Copyright Act 1994 governs copyright law in New Zealand. These rights allow copyright owners to control certain activities relating to the use and dissemination of copyright works. New Zealand is party to various international agreements, including: The Agreement on the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (the TRIPS Agreement) (Annex 1C to the Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization (WTO) 1994); The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works 1928 (Rome Act revision); The Universal Copyright Convention 1952. For a "work" or type of material to qualify for copyright protection, four conditions must generally be satisfied: It must fall within one of the categories or subject matter in which copyright can exist; It must be sufficiently "original"; The "author" must be a "qualified person"; and Certain works must be fixed either in writing or some other material form. Copyright protection applies only for a limited period of time (mostly lasting 15-50 years). Once copyright expires, it falls into the „public domain‟ and can be freely used. On February 23, 2010, Commerce Minister Simon Power introduced the Copyright (Infringing File Sharing) Amendment into Parliament, repealing Section 92A of the Copyright Act. The bill puts in place a three-notice regime intended to deter illegal file sharing. The amendment was passed in April 2011, coming into force in July 2011. The first notices under this amendment were issued in November 2011, pertaining primarily to illegal downloads of music files. APPENDIX I: GOVERNMENT REGULATORY AGENCY CONTACTS New Zealand Food Safety Authority PO Box 2835 Wellington New Zealand Phone: (+64)-4-463 2500 Fax: (+64)-4-463 2501 Web: Food Standards Australia New Zealand PO Box 10559 Wellington 6036 New Zealand Phone: (+64)-4-978-5630 Fax: (+64)-4-473 9855 Email: Web: Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry PO Box 2526 Wellington New Zealand Phone: (+64)-4-474 4100 Fax: (+64)-4-474 4244 Web: Environmental Risk Management Authority PO Box 131 Wellington New Zealand Phone: (+64)-4-916 2426 Fax: (+64)-4-914 0433 Email: Web: New Zealand Customs Service (Wellington, Corporate Office) PO Box 2218 Wellington, New Zealand Phone: (+64)-4-473 6099 Fax: (+64)-4-473 7370 Email: Web: Ministry of Consumer Affairs PO Box 1473 Wellington, New Zealand Phone: (+64)-4-474 2750 Fax: (+64)-4-473 9400 Email: Web: New Zealand Commerce Commission PO Box 2351 Wellington New Zealand Phone: (+64)-4-924 3600 Fax: (+64)-4-924 3700 Email: Web: Intellectual Property Office of New Zealand PO Box 30 687 Lower Hutt Wellington New Zealand Phone: (+64)-4-569 4400 Fax: (+64)-4-569 2298 Web: The Commissioner Plant Variety Rights Office PO Box 24 Lincoln New Zealand Phone: (+64)-3-325 2414 Fax: (+64)-3-325 2946 Ministry of Health PO Box 5013 Wellington New Zealand Phone: (+64)-4-496 2000 Fax: (+64)-4-496 2340 Email: Web: Central Clearing House NZFSA Verification Agency Level 1, 96 New North Road, Eden Terrace, Auckland PO Box 3540, Eden Terrace, Auckland Phone: (+64) 9 909 6210 or (+64) 9 909 6211 Fax: (+64) 9 909 6208 Email: Department of Conservation PO Box 10420 Wellington New Zealand Phone: (+64)-4-471 0726 Fax: (+64)-4-471 1082 Web: Auckland Regional Public Health Service Cornwall Complex, Floor 2 Building 15, Greenlane Clinical Centre Private Bag 92605 Symonds Street Auckland 1150 Tel: +64-9-623-4600 Email: SPS & TBT Contacts Coordinator, SPS New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry PO Box 2526 Wellington New Zealand Phone: (+64)-4-474 4226 Fax: (+64)-4-470 2730 Web: TBT Enquiry Point Trade Negotiations Division Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade Private Bag 18 901 Wellington New Zealand Phone: (+64)-4-439 8000 Fax: (+64)-4-472 9596 Email: Web: APPENDIX II: OTHER IMPORT SPECIALIST CONTACTS Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture U.S. Embassy PO Box 1190 Thorndon Wellington New Zealand Phone: (+64)-4-462 6030 Fax: (+64)-4-462 6016 Email: Web: American Chamber of Commerce PO Box 106 002 Auckland New Zealand Phone: (+64)-9-309 9140 Fax: (+64)-9-309 1090 Email: Web: New Zealand Grocery Marketers Association PO Box 1925 Wellington New Zealand Phone: (+64)-4-473 9223 Fax: (+64)-4-496 6550 Email: Web: Intellectual Property Policy Group Regulatory and Competition Policy Branch Ministry of Economic Development 33 Bowen Street, PO Box 1473 Wellington, New Zealand Phone: (+64)-4-472-0030) Fax: (+64)-4-473-4638) Email:
Posted: 23 January 2012

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