Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards

An Expert's View about Agriculture and Animal Husbandry in New Zealand

Posted on: 30 Jan 2012

This report provides a broad overview of export certificate requirements for a representative sample of products exported to New Zealand.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 12/14/2011 GAIN Report Number: NZ1116 New Zealand Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards - Certification FAIRS Export Certificate Report Approved By: Joseph Carroll, Agricultural Counselor Prepared By: Vinita Sharma, Marketing Assistant Report Highlights: This report provides a broad overview of export certificate requirements for a representative sample of products exported to New Zealand. All sections of this report have been reviewed and updated to reflect New Zealand’s most recent requirements. However, as these regulations are constantly updated, exporters interested in exporting to New Zealand are encouraged to check relevant websites for the most up-to-date information. Sections update: All sections have been revised or updated. Section I. List of All Export Certificates Required By Government Summary In July 2011, Ministry of Fisheries merged with Ministry of Agriculture (MAF) to support New Zealand’s primary sector. MAF’s two organizations - Biosecurity New Zealand (BNZ) and the New Zealand Food Safety Authority (NZFSA) are the two key organizations that regulate food imported into New Zealand. Both organizations fall under the umbrella of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF). Biosecurity New Zealand has the lead role in biosecurity protection (e.g. preventing unwanted pests and diseases being imported into New Zealand, and controlling, managing or eradicating them should they arrive). New Zealand has strict biosecurity rules and most unprocessed products cannot be imported into New Zealand unless an import health standard has been developed. New Zealand defines biosecurity as “the exclusion, eradication or effective management of risks posted by pests and diseases to the economy, environment and human health.” New Zealand’s biosecurity requirements cover terrestrial, freshwater and marine environments. Import health standards specify the biosecurity requirements that must be met for trade to occur. In New Zealand, import health standards are based upon risk analyses, which assess either a commodity or a pest/pathway combination. Biosecurity New Zealand takes legislative requirements and international obligations into account when conducting risk analyses and developing import health standards. The principal document for all New Zealand import health standards is the Biosecurity Act (1993). The act provides for management of risks associated with imported goods such as produce, seeds and plants principally through import health standards. New Zealand also adheres to the guidelines on risk analysis developed under the auspices of the Interim Commission on Phytosanitary Measures operating within the framework of the International Plant Protection Convention, and the World Trade Organization Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures. Information on import health standards for specific products can be found http://www.biosecurity.govt.nz/ihs/search. The New Zealand Food Safety Authority (NZFSA) sets policies, criteria and procedures to monitor the safety of imported food for human consumption. NZFSA was a semi-autonomous body attached to Ministry of Agriculture (MAF). In July 2010, Ministry of Agriculture and the New Zealand Food Safety Authority amalgamated to form a single organization. NZFSA maintains generic clearance procedures for all foods imported into New Zealand. If an imported product is of regulatory interest to NZFSA, it will likely require exporters to comply with additional specific import procedures and associated requirements. These requirements are set down in the Imported Food Requirements (IFRs). Examples of products that fall under these requirements include bovine meat products, fish products, shell fish, dairy products, nuts, spices etc., as these food products pose more of a potential risk to public health. A list of IFR products can be found at: http://www.nzfsa.govt.nz/importing/import-requirements-for-specific-foods/ Export Certification Requirements The table below provides export certificate requirements for many products exported to New Zealand from the United States. Export Certificates and Attestations Required by New Zealand P Attestation Required on roducts Title of Certificate Cer Purpose Requested By tificate No certification or inspection required by Biosecurity New Zealand if packaged for direct retail sale or in packages up to and including 10 kgs. If No phytosanitary more than 10 kgs, inspection certificate required is required. Biosecurity BNZ www.biosecurity.govt.nz Please check the New Zealand Import Health Standard (IHS) (Section 9.8) Stored products for Human Peanuts Consumption for more information. Consignments are tested at Peanuts are intervals depending on the considered a Certificate of frequency of import. high risk food analysis from USDA because they or a State Department In all cases, a certificate of have been NZFSA of Agriculture analysis is required for each found to www.nzfsa.gov t.nz required consignment. Please check contain NZFSA requirement at mycotoxins, Imported Food Products - mold and Peanuts and Pistachios insects. No certification or inspection required by Biosecurity New Zealand if packaged for direct retail sale or in packages up Biosecurity to and including 10 kgs. If m ore then 10 kgs, inspection No phytosanitary is required. BNZ certificate required www.biosecurity.gov t.nz Please check the New Ro Zealand Import Health asted/ Sa Standard (IHS) (Section 9.8) lted P Stored products for Human istachios Consumption for more information. C Consignments are tested at ertificate of Pistachios are intervals depending on the analysis from USDA considered a o frequency of import. r a State Department high risk food NZFSA of Agriculture because they www.nzfsa.govt.nz In all cases, a certificate of required have been analysis is required for each found to consignment. Please check NZFSA requirement at contain Imported Food Products - mycotoxins, Peanuts and Pistachios mold & insects. No certification or inspection required by Biosecurity New Zealand, if packaged for direct retail sale or in packages up to and including Wa No phytosanitary 10 kgs. If more then 10 kgs, lnuts, P certificate required inspection is required. ecans, B BNZ iosecurity Alm www.biosecurity.govt.nz onds Please check the New Zealand Import Health Standard (IHS) (Section 9.8) Stored products for Human Consumption for more information. There are no certification or inspection requirements for dried, freeze dried, dehydrated or flaked fruit and vegetables that are commercially manufactured or produced and listed in the Drie No phytosanitary Plants Biosecurity Index d Fruits B BNZ iosecurity certificate required database, except for those www.biosecurity.govt.nz that may have seeds that are entered as “Entry Prohibited” and those listed in sections 9.3, 9.4 and 9.7 of the Stored products for Human Consumption import health standard. Phytosanitary Please see section 6.1.4 of the certificate issued by Fresh Peach and Nectarine the Animal Plant Hea from California import health lth Inspection standard regarding B BNZ iosecurity Service (APHIS) of www.biosecurity.govt.nz phytosanitary certificate the U.S. Department requirements. of Agriculture (USDA) required Stone F APHIS must provide the ruits additional declarations to the (California Nec phytosanitary certificate: tarines and Peaches) A "The peaches and nectarines dditional in this consignment have: declarations are - been inspected in required on the accordance with appropriate phytosanitary official procedures and found certificate to be free of any visually detectable regulated pests specified by the New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. AND - been treated in accordance with Appendix 1(b) of the Workplan between NZ MAF and APHIS, USDA. AND - undergone appropriate pest control activities that are effective against those Risk group 2 regulated pests specified by NZ MAF. OR been sourced from an area free (verified by an official detection survey) from those Risk group 2 regulated pests specified by NZ MAF." Please check section 6.1.5 of the Fresh Peach and Nectarine from California import health standard for the most recent requirements. Phytosanitary Please see section 6.1.5 of the certificate issued by import health standard on the Animal Plant Table Grapes from the State Health Inspection of California for information B BNZ iosecurity Service (APHIS) of on phytosanitary www .biosecurity.govt.nz the U.S. Department requirements. of Agriculture (USDA) is required. APHIS must provide the following additional declarations to the phytosanitary certificates: (i)This is to certify that the table grapes described herein T have been inspected able Grapes A according to appropriate dditional official procedures and are (State of declarations required Ca considered to be free from the lifornia) on the phytosanitary quarantine pests specified by certificate New Zealand MAF and to conform with the current phytosanitary requirements of New Zealand MAF, including those for regulated non- quarantine pests; AND (ii) The table grapes in this consignment have been treated in accordance with Appendix 1(b) of the Workplan between NZ MAF and USDA APHIS. (iii)from the United States of America. treated in accordance with the measures specified by MAF Biosecurity New Zealand for the access of host material of Drosophila suzukii. Please check section 6.1.5 of the Table Grapes from the State of California import health standard for the most recent requirements. Phytosanitary certificate issued by Please see section 4.1 of the the Animal Plant Hea import health standard on lth Inspection ity New Fresh Fruit and Vegetables B MAF Biosecuriosecurity Service (APHIS) of Z ealand for information on the U.S. Department phytosanitary requirements. of Agriculture (USDA) is required. APHIS must provide the following additional declarations to the phytosanitary certificates: The cherries in this consignment have: (i) been inspected in accordance with appropriate official procedures and found to be free from any visually detectable quarantine pests specified by the New Zealand Cherr Ministry of Agriculture and ies Forestry. AND (State of Ca (ii) undergone appropriate lifornia) pest control activities that are Additional effective against: declarations required Monilinia fructigena on the phytosanitary OR certificate been sourced from an area free (verified by an official detection survey) from: Monilinia fructigena AND (iii) treated in accordance with Appendix 1 of the Arrangement between the New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry and the United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service concerning the access of host material of fruit fly Please see page 372 of the import health standard on Fresh Fruit and Vegetables for information on additional declaration on phytosanitary certificate Phytosanitary certificate issued by Please see section 6.1.5 of the Animal Plant Hea the import health standard on lth Inspection Cherries Pacific North-West Service (APHIS) of Biosecurity for information on the U.S. Department phytosantitary requirements. of Agriculture (USDA) required APHIS must also provide the following additional declarations: (i) This is to certify that the cherries described herein have been inspected according to appropriate official Cherries - procedures and are Prunus considered to be free from the avium quarantine pests specified by (States of New Zealand MAF and to Washington, conform with the current Oregon and phytosanitary requirements of Idaho) Additional New Zealand MAF, including declarations on the those for regulated non- phytosanitary quarantine pests.; certificate required (ii) This is to certify that the cherries in this consignment have undergone appropriate pest control activities that are effective against those regulated high impact pests specified by NZ MAF. Please see section 6.1.6 of the import health standard on Cherries Pacific North-West for information on additional phytosantitary requirements. Phytosanitary certificates issued by Fruits the Animal Plant (Mandarin/ Health Inspection Please see section 2.1 and 2.2 tangerine, Service (APHIS) of of the import health standard orange, the U.S. Department on Fresh Fruit and Vegetables Biosecurity apricot, of Agriculture for information on pears, (USDA) required for phytosanitary certificates. plums) all fruit and vegetable consignments entering New Zealand APHIS must provide the following additional declarations to the phytosanitary certificates: Mandarins/tangerines in this consignment have: (i) been inspected in accordance with appropriate official procedures and found to be free from any visually detectable quarantine pests, specified by the New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. AND (ii) undergone appropriate pest control activities that are effective against: Aleurocanthus woglumi ; Spiroplasma citri [VO] ; Xanthomonas campestris OR Add been sourced from an area itional d free (verified by an official eclaration required on detection survey) from: the phytosanitary Aleurocanthus woglumi ; certificate required – Manda Spiroplasma citri [VO]; rin/ Tang Xanthomonas campestris erine AND (iii) treated in accordance with Appendix 1 of the Arrangement between the New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry and the United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service concerning the access of host material of fruit fly species of economic significance into New Zealand from the United States of America . Please see page 364 of Import Health Standard on Fresh Fruit and Vegetables for more information. APHIS must provide the A following additional dditional declarations to the declaration required phytosanitary certificates: on the phytosanitary T he oranges in this certificate are consignment have: required – Orange (i) been inspected in accordance with appropriate official procedures and found to be free from any visually detectable quarantine pests, specified by the New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. AND (ii) undergone appropriate pest control activities that are effective against: Aleurocanthus woglumi; Bemisia tabaci [strain] Thrips palmi OR been sourced from an area free (verified by an official detection survey) from: Aleurocanthus woglumi Bemisia tabaci [strain] Thrips palmi AND (iii) treated in accordance with Appendix 1(b) of the Arrangement between the New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry and the United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service concerning the access of host material of fruit fly species of economic significance into New Zealand from the United States of America Please see page 365 of Import Health Standard on Fresh Fruit and Vegetables for more information. APHIS must provide the following additional declarations to the phytosanitary certificates: Apricots in this consignment have: (i) been inspected in Additional accordance with appropriate declaration required official procedures and found on the phytosanitary to be free from any visually certificate required – detectable quarantine pests, Apricot specified by the New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. AND (ii) undergone appropriate pest control activities that are effective against: Monilinia fructigena OR been sourced from an area free (verified by an official detection survey) from: Monilinia fructigena AND (iii) treated in accordance with Appendix 1 of the Arrangement between the New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry and the United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service concerning the access of host material of fruit fly species of economic significance into New Zealand from the United States of America . Please see page 371 of Import Health Standard on Fresh Fruit and Vegetables for more information APHIS must provide the following additional declarations to the phytosanitary certificates: The plums in this consignment have: (i) been inspected in accordance with appropriate official procedures and found to be free from any visually detectable quarantine pests, specified by the New Zealand A Ministry of Agriculture and dditional Forestry. AND declaration required (ii) undergone appropriate on the phytosanitary pest control activities that are certificate are effective against: required – Plums Monilinia fructigena OR been sourced from an area free (verified by an official detection survey) from: Monilinia fructigena AND (iii) treated in accordance with Appendix 1 of the Arrangement between the New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry and the United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service concerning the access of host material of fruit fly species of economic significance into New Zealand from the United States of America . Please see page 374 of Import Health Standard on Fresh Fruit and Vegetables for more information The nectarines/peaches in this consignment have: i. been inspected in accordance with appropriate official procedures and found to be free from any visually detectable quarantine pests, specified by the New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. AND ii. (ii) undergone appropriate pest control activities that are effective against those risk group 2 regulated pests Additional specified by NZ declaration required MAF. OR on the phytosanitary been sourced from an area certificate required- free (verified by an official Nectarine/Peach detection survey) from those risk group 2 regulated pests specified by NZ MAF. Note: Combinations of treatment and area freedom are permissible for the aforementioned RG2 pests. AND (iii) treated in accordance with Appendix 1 (b) of the Workplan between NZ MAF and APHIS, USDA. AND (vi) treated in accordance with the measures specified by MAF Biosecurity New Zealand for the access of host material of Drosophila suzukii from the United States of America. The pears in this consignment have: (i) been inspected in accordance with appropriate official procedures and found to be free from any visually detectable quarantine pests, specified by the New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. AND (ii) undergone appropriate pest control activities that are effective against: Conotrachelus nenuphar OR been sourced from an area Additional free (verified by an official declaration required detection survey) from: on the phytosanitary Conotrachelus nenuphar certificate are AND required – Pears (iii) treated in accordance (State of with Appendix 1(d) of the Washington ) Arrangement between the New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry and the United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service concerning the access of host material of fruit fly species of economic significance into New Zealand from the United States of America . Please see Import Health Standard on Pears from the State of Washington for more information. APHIS must provide the following additional declarations to the phytosanitary certificates: Additional The pears in this consignment declaration required have: on the phytosanitary (i) been inspected in certificate required – accordance with appropriate Pears (State of official procedures and found California ) to be free from any visually detectable quarantine pests, specified by the New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. AND (ii) undergone appropriate pest control activities that are effective against: Conotrachelus nenuphar OR been sourced from an area free (verified by an official detection survey) from: Conotrachelus nenuphar AND (iii) treated in accordance with Appendix 1(b) of the Arrangement between the New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry and the United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service concerning the access of host material of fruit fly species of economic significance into New Zealand from the United States of America . Please see Import Health Standard on Pears from the State of California for more information. APHIS must provide the following additional declarations to the phytosanitary certificates: The pears in this consignment have: (i) been inspected in accordance with appropriate official procedures and found A to be free from any visually dditional detectable quarantine pests, declaration required specified by the New Zealand on the phytosanitary Ministry of Agriculture and certificate are Forestry. AND required – Pears (ii) undergone appropriate (State of Idaho ) pest control activities that are effective against: Conotrachelus nenuphar OR been sourced from an area free (verified by an official detection survey) from: Conotrachelus nenuphar AND (iii) treated in accordance with Appendix 1(h) of the Arrangement between the New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry and the United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service concerning the access of host material of fruit fly species of economic significance into New Zealand from the United States of America . Please see Import Health Standard on Pears from the State of Idaho for more information. The pears in this consignment have: (i) been inspected in accordance with appropriate official procedures and found to be free from any visually detectable quarantine pests, specified by the New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. AND (ii) undergone appropriate pest control activities that are effective against: Conotrachelus nenuphar OR been sourced from an area Additional free (verified by an official declaration required detection survey) from: on the phytosanitary Conotrachelus nenuphar certificate required – AND Pears (State of (iii) treated in accordance Oregon ) with Appendix 1(i) of the Arrangement between the New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry and the United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service concerning the access of host material of fruit fly species of economic significance into New Zealand from the United States of America . Please see Import Health Standard on Pears from the State of Oregon for more information. U.S. exporters must meet certification requirements for Phytosanitary individual products. Various Certificate options from pre-inspection Grains/ certification to post-entry Seeds Additional treatments are available under for Human declarations are specific grain and seed Co B iosecurity n- required depending categories. Each grain and sumption on the product seed product has different certification requirements. Grains/Seed Analysis Certificate Please see Import Health Standard for Grains and Seeds and import regulations Please see section 7.2 of the import health standard on Pet No Food for information on phytosanitary canned/retorted pet foods Biosecurity Shelf Stable certificate required containing beef/other bovine Pet Foods w meat products/by-products ith Bovine M and other animal products. eat Z Please see section 10 of the oosanitary import health standard on Pet certificate required Food or a sam ple Zoosanitary certificate. Basic Requirements Only species of seeds and plants (including bulbs, cuttings, and tissue cultures) listed in the New Zealand Biosecurity Plants Index can only be imported into New Zealand. All seed for sowing imported into New Zealand must meet the Basic requirements (section 2.2.2) of the Seeds for Sowing import health standard, as Seeds for well as any specific Biosecurity Sowing Phytosanitary requirements as indicated by certificate issued by the Biosecurity Index. APHIS required Phytosanitary certificate is required certifying that seed Additional for sowing has been inspected declarations required by USDA and found to be depending on the free of any visually detectable type of seed regulated pests, and conforms to New Zealand’s current Seed Analysis import requirements. Certificate For additional declaration, please see section 3.5 of the Import Health Standard of Seeds. Please see section 2.2.2.4 section of the Import Health Standard of Seeds for seed analysis certificate requirements Z Please see section 12 of oosanitary Import Health Standard F certificate required. rozen Pig on Frozen Pig Meat for a Biosecurity by- products sample Zoosanitary certificate. Section II. Purpose of Specific Export Certificate(s) See table in Section I. Section III. Specific Attestations Required on Export Certificate(s) Please refer to the Table under Section I, for required attestations and the Biosecurity New Zealand website for specific information on IHSs and attestation requirements. http://www.biosecurity.govt.nz/ihs/search Section IV. Government Certificate’s Legal Entry Requirements Entry requirements are set out on the Import Health Standards. Original documents relating to the shipment must accompany each shipment. Most certificates are valid for one shipment only and are required to be issued by APHIS, USDA. Section V. Other Certification/Accreditation Requirements U.S. exporter are required to meet both biosecurity and food safety requirements. For more information on New Zealand’s food safety requirements, please visit www.nzfsa.govt.nz. Please also refer to the FAS/Wellington report entitled Food and Agricultural Import Regulations & Standards which can be found at: http://gain.fas.usda.gov/Lists/Advanced%20Search/AllItems.aspx. Appendix I. Electronic Copy or Outline of Each Export Certificate Example of Certificate of Analysis (Peanuts) Example of Phytosanitary Certificate for Beans Example of Seed Sampling Certificate for Beans Example of Seed Analysis Report Example of Phytosanitary Certificate for Fresh Grapes Example of Phytosanitary Certificate for Citrus Example of Additional Phytosanitary Requirement for Citrus
Posted: 30 January 2012

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