Pakistan’s cotton crop is also being adversely effected by an outbreak of Cotton Leaf Curl Virus, and is resulting in a lower- than -expected cotton crop.
THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY
USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT
GAIN Report Number:
Reduction in Planting Area and Disease Lowers Cotton
Richard Todd Drennan
M. Shafiq ur Rehman
Current estimates show a reduction of around 1 million acres in the cotton area planted. Pakistan’s cotton crop
is also being adversely effected by an outbreak of Cotton Leaf Curl Virus, and is resulting in a lower- than -
expected cotton crop. While textile output should not be impacted, Pakistan’s expected cotton exports will
likely be reduced.
According to local contacts and recent press reports, the MY 2012/2013 cotton crop is likely to miss the
production target of 11.7 million bales (480 lbs/bail converted from Pakistani bale weight of 375 lbs/bale) due
to less area planted, a serious attack of Cotton Leaf Curl Virus (CLCV), and a considerable reduction in fertilizer
and pesticide use, specifically by small growers. It now looks like the crop will only reach 10.5 million bales (480
Low Cotton Prices affects Farmer’s Planting decisions in Punjab:
The Ministry of National Food Security and Research (NFSR) and provincial government officials were hoping
farmers would plant over 8 million acres across the country. Current estimates, however, show only seven
million acres were planted. Virtually all of the 1 million-acre reduction came in Punjab, the largest cotton
producing province in Pakistan. It is estimated that out of the 7 million acres planted, Punjab accounts for 5.3
million acres this year. The primary reason for the reduction in planted area was low prevailing cotton prices
last season and continued high input costs at the time of planting.
CLCV Outbreak Reported in the Central Cotton Growing Region:
In addition to the reduction in planted area, cotton yields are forecast to be lower than expected this year due
to a serious CLCV outbreak. Much of the cotton crop was planted late this year, due to a late frost in February,
which increased the crop’s susceptibility to disease infestation. Add to that the reduction of pesticide
applications, due to high cost, and the disease has spread throughout much of the central cotton growing region
(CLCV is spread via the white fly). Another important factor affecting yields is reduced applications of fertilizer
due to rising prices. Urea prices increased substantially for the second year in a row reaching over $18/40-kilo
bag this year compared to $10/40-kilo bag two years ago. A lack of Condensed Natural Gas has fertilizer
companies running at less than 50 percent capacity resulting in higher and rising fertilizer prices.
Lower Cotton Exports Likely:
The smaller than expected crop, will still be about 5 percent higher than last year’s crop, and thus will likely not
affect textile production, but rather result in a reduction in estimated raw cotton exports. How much exports
will be affected is still not yet clear. Pakistan consumes on average around 9 million bales of domestic cotton
each year and imports around 1.5 million bales to make higher-end textile products. Raw cotton exports over
the past two years have averaged about 800,000 bales, but this year USDA was forecasting an increase to 1
million bales based on initially strong planting intentions. Given the current state of the cotton crop, however,
that number will likely be reduced. Post, however, is holding off adjusting its 2012/2013 PS&D numbers until
October. September is a critical month for the development of the cotton plant, and we will know more about
yield levels and the quality of the crop at the end of September.