This report summarizes key trade and market conditions to help U.S. importers make the most of the United States- Peru Trade Promotion Agreement opportunities.
THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY
USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT
Required Report - public distribution
GAIN Report Number:
Peru continues to be the best performing economy in Latin America, achieving sustained high
growth and low inflation. Peru’s economy has been transformed by market-oriented reforms and
privatizations and has met many of the conditions for long-term growth. Peru’s economy posted
impressive results in 2010, such a GDP growth of 8.8 percent -proof that Peru’s economy is highly
dynamic, driven mostly by private investment, foreign trade, and domestic demand. The
commercial sector appears amongst the sectors that have contributed the most to this growth.
This report summarizes key trade and market conditions to help U.S. importers make the most of
the United States- Peru Trade Promotion Agreement opportunities.
Section I. Market Overview
Peru continues to be the best performing economy in Latin America, achieving sustained high
growth and low inflation. Peru’s economy has been transformed by market-oriented reforms and
privatizations and has met many of the conditions for long-term growth. Peru posted impressive
results in 2010, such a GDP growth of 8.8 percent -proof that Peru’s economy is highly dynamic,
driven mostly by private investment, foreign trade, and domestic demand. The commercial sector
appears amongst the sectors that have contributed the most to this growth.
Peru’s good economic position has also been validated by the World Bank’s ranking of Peru as the
36th of 183 economies in its 2011 Ease of Doing Business report, gaining 10 positions in
comparison with 2010 as a result of introducing positive reforms in 4 categories. Peru's strength
lies in its sound regulations although the amount of red tape is still relatively high despite the
Similarly, credit rating agencies such as Standard and Poor, Fitch, and Moody’s, acknowledge the
good fiscal and economic performance of the country, placing it amongst the economies that are
certain to comply with their obligations.
Nominal GDP (U.S. $ billions) 127.6 127.2 157.1
Real GDP Growth (%) 9.8 0.9 8.8
GDP per capita (nominal U.S. $) 4,453 4,365 5,401
Ave. annual exchange rate (new soles/$) 2.92 3.01 2.8
Inflation (Dec. to Dec. %) 5.8 2.9 1.6
Source: Central Reserve Bank of Peru, www.bcrp.gob.pe
National Institute of Statistics, www.inei.gob.pe
Country Commercial Guide: Peru, http://buyusainfo.net/docs/x_8403089.pdf .
Peru's population reached 29.4 million in 2010. The country has added 8 million people since 1990.
Total population is expected to exceed 32 million by 2020. The median age was 25.6 years in 2010
– up 5.1years since 1990. Peru’s GDP per capita has increased more than 20 percent in 2010 and
it is forecasted to grow 15 percent more in 2011.
According to Peru’s customs data, total agricultural imports to Peru from United States grew to
$787 million in 2010, up 41 percent from the 2009 level. Moreover, consumer oriented products
reached $107 million in 2010 growing 81 percent in respect 2009. The United States became the
second largest supplier after Chile of consumer oriented products, accounting for 14 percent of the
market share. Colombia was the third largest supplier in this category.
The United States– Peru Trade Promotion Agreement (PTPA), entered into force on February 1,
2009. PTPA immediately provided duty free access for two-thirds of U.S. food and agricultural
products, including high-quality beef, cotton, wheat, soybeans, soybean meal and crude soybean
oil, key fruits and vegetables such as apples, pears, peaches, cherries and almonds, food
ingredients, and many processed food products, including frozen French fries, cookies and snack
foods. Tariffs on most remaining U.S. farm products will be phased out within 15 years, with all
tariffs eliminated in 17 years.
Peru offers promising conditions for U.S. products due to the expansion of supermarket and fast
food chains, a growing trend for processed food consumption, increasing investments in the hotel
and restaurant industry (HRI) and economic stability. Opportunities also exist for commodities
such as hard red wheat, cotton, yellow corn, pet food, soybean meal, dairy (whey and cheese),
and beef and offals. However, major constraints include customer preferences for fresh food,
limited purchasing power in the lower-middle class population, and tariff and non-tariff barriers.
Although Lima is still the major market for consumer-oriented foods, cities like Trujillo, Arequipa,
Chiclayo, and Huancayo have become favorable alternatives for U.S. exporters.
Advantages and Challenges Facing U.S. Products in Peru
PTPA grants duty free access to two- 1. Peru is negotiating trade agreements
thirds of U.S. food and agricultural with other countries, which could
products. lessen U.S. competitive advantage.
Growing food processing and HRI 1. Consumer habits: Peruvians prefer
sectors demand more food meals based on fresh products and
ingredients. spicy seasonings.
Open market for previously banned 1. Lack of brand awareness among
products (beef, offal, poultry and consumers.
1. New local food brands appearing in the
Proactive supermarket industry will market at very low prices.
result in increased demand for high-
value products. 1. Relatively small market due to limited
purchasing power; 70 percent of the
1. Supermarkets and fast food chains Peruvian population are low-income
expanding in major cities. consumers.
1. Appreciation for U.S. food quality and 1. Traditional markets dominate retail
culture. sales strongly in secondary cities
1. Increased tourism creates new 1. Smuggling.
opportunities for food service
development (especially consumer-
Section II. Exporter Business Tips
Two-thirds of U.S. food and agricultural products are exported to Peru duty free. The
complete list of products that benefit from PTPA can be found at:
Imported food products have been benefit since Peru TPA entered into force on February 1,
For further information on food standards and regulations, labeling and import procedures,
please refer to our latest Food and Agricultural Import Regulation and Standards Report.
1. Food standards and regulations
Sanitary inspection, food registration, packaging and control regulations for food and beverages
are included in Supreme Decree No. 007-98-SA of September 25, 1998. The General
Environmental Health Bureau (DIGESA), within the Ministry of Health, is the Peruvian counterpart
to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regarding sanitary supervision and registration of food
and beverages. The National Agricultural Sanitary and Phytosanitary Service (SENASA), part of
the Ministry of Agriculture, is the local counterpart to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
concerning the development of sanitary and phytosanitary regulations and the inspection of animal
and plant origin products. The National Institute for the Defense of Competition and for the
Protection of Intellectual Property (INDECOPI) is the agency in charge of labeling standards,
labeling control, and trademarks.
1. General import and inspection procedures
In order to clear Customs (SUNAT), imports must have a Unique Customs Declaration (DUA), a
commercial invoice, an airway bill or bill of lading, a packing list, an insurance letter, and a food
sanitary registry from DIGESA for food processed products or a health certificate for animals,
plants or their by-products that complies with SENASA’s import requirements.
When the customs agent transmits the DUA electronically, SUNAT will determine the type of
control for the merchandise within the following channels: green, orange and red. Channel green
permits delivery of the product once duties are paid; channel orange requires review of the
documentation and channel red requires review of the documentation and physical inspection.
1. Food and beverage sanitary registration
Importers needs to submit a sworn application to DIGESA (available at www.digesa.sld.pe)
accompanied by a certificate of free trade and use, the future label and the registration receipt. If
the certificate is not available, the importer should present a document issued by the Peruvian
Consulate in the country of origin. The sworn application includes the contact information of the
importer’s company and the manufacturer, his taxpayer identification (R.U.C.), the list of products
requested and the content, results of physical-chemical and microbiological analysis, lot code
system, expiration date, packing material, and storage conditions for each product.
This procedure will take no more than seven working days. The Sanitary Registration will be valid
for five years from the date of issue and may be renewed between seven and 60 working days
before the expiration date.
1. Certificates for animals, plants, and their by-products
Before the product is shipped, the importer must request an import permit from SENASA. The
exporter must provide to the importer the corresponding official country of origin health certificate,
including the specific certification requirements of SENASA.
USDA agencies that issue health certificates for Peru are the Animal and Plant Health Inspection
Service (APHIS) for animals and plants and their derived products, the Food
Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) for meats and their by-products, and the Agricultural
Marketing Service (AMS) for U.S. dairy products.
1. Labeling requirements
Imported packaged foods must carry a separate adhesive label before reaching the point of sale.
A Spanish translation of the label must include the importer/distributor’s contact information.
R.U.C. Law 28405, November 30, 2004, requires labeling for value-added products other than
foods (which could be included in the future). Imported value-added products that do not comply
with the provisions of this law must be properly labeled in private storage for customs clearance.
Section III. Market Sector Structure and Trends
In order to enter the Peruvian food market, U.S. exporters should contact local food
processing companies and importers/wholesalers/distributors directly or indirectly through
brokers, agents or representatives.
Regardless of which strategy is chosen, personal visits are highly recommended. The local
partner should be well known by the U.S. company before any permanent contractual
arrangement is made.
The local partner should be able to provide updated information on market consumer
trends, current market development (merchandising, point of sales, and promotion
activities) and trade business practices.
1. Food Service Sector
In 2010, food service sales in Peru accounted for about $5.2 billion. Full service restaurants
represented almost 65 percent, with almost 40 percent of the sales coming from high-end food
service. Growth increased by 8 percent in respect to 2009. Total food service imports were
estimated at $1 billion, or 20 percent of total food service sales.
Estimated Consumer Food Service by Type (Current Value): 2006-2010
Sub Secto Food Service (US$ Million) r 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010*
Full-service restaurants 2,112 2,409 2,983 3,126 3,385
Cafes/Bars 571 690 840 918 1,010
Fast Food 177 226 234 266 292
Home Delivery 62 75 94 98 105
Street stalls/kiosks 291 339 467 449 472
TOTAL 3,213 3,737 4,619 4,857 5,264
growth % 8% 16% 24% 5% 8%
Source: Post estimations / *Preliminary
The Peruvian government has been actively promoting tourism. In September 2009, first general
tourism law was passed. The purpose of the law is to promote tourism and entrepreneurial
development, particularly in areas outside of Lima.
Visitors from other countries that are not residing within Peru are considerate as receptive tourism
by the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism. It has been estimated that receptive tourism growth
was 12.4 percent in 2010. Moreover, hotels expanded by 8 percent, due to increased local
tourism, which offset the drop in hotel overnight stays by foreign tourists. The tourism boom,
however, is reflected not only in the increase in number of foreign visitors, but mainly in new
investments in hotels and restaurants. Peru’s progress as a tourist destination is important—the
country often appears in specialized documents and is awarded prizes of different kinds. This
awakening of tourism has been accompanied by the rapid dissemination of Peruvian cuisine which
definitely is starting to be part of main attractions for different visitors around the world.
Visits by foreign tourists rose 7.5 percent in 2010. The number of visitors that arrived to Peru last
year was around 2.8 million, which represented foreign currency earnings of $2,7 billion.
1. Food Processing Sector
The food industry recovered 7 percent in 2010 from its downturn in 2009. It was mainly triggered
by higher income levels, employment and credit.
There were two distinct trends defined by the direction taken by the market for goods. The first
one was pushed by prepared and preserved meat production that climbed 4.8 percent -- the rate
that has shown a steadily growth for twelve straight years. The leading companies, mainly from
poultry and sausage industry, have been able to further diversify their offering of foodstuffs. The
second trend relies on the notable expansion of oils and fat industry that grew 17 percent in 2010,
mainly boosted by an aggressive competitive behavior between key players, being locals who had
best performance at the end.
According to food industry perspectives for 2011, there is high growth expectancy for this sector
due to expansion of local demand especially at provinces. Despite the rise of ingredients prices in
the international market, the industry remains solid and it is gaining more presence abroad.
The performance of the beverage industry has been positive over the past twelve years, boosted
by the domestic market and particularly by the development of soft drinks and mineral waters. In
2010, sector’s growth recovered and expanded 7 percent basically by an increment of domestic
demand resulting from country’s economic progress. Distilled beverages and spirits rose barely
0.5 percent as a result of lower production of pisco (4 percent) and other distilled spirits compared
to previous year, closing the year with $550 million in sales.
1. Food Retail Sector
Fostered by higher levels of employment, income and consumption, Peru’s retail market exhibits a
large list of opportunities for consumer goods. Peru has experienced a spectacular growth in the
modern retail channel in the last ten years. This year A.T. Kearney’s ranking included Peru
amongst the 10 favorite emerging countries for retail investment, based on its low retail
penetration and average young age of consumers (26 years old).
The three major supermarkets chains in Peru achieved sales for $2.5 billion in 2010; this
represents a 12 percent growth in respect 2009 (Table 1). This positive evolution is consistent
with increases in private consumption and major availability to consumption credits and higher
incomes, especially within middle-class families which currently account for 45 percent of Peru’s
Source: Skotiabank Economic Department
There were 156 stores (all formats included) by the end of 2010, with 121 in Lima and 35 in the
provinces. The results obtained outside of the capital have gone beyond any expectation.
Supermarkets have founded their success on identifying and developing new market segments,
which will eventually help them gain more terrain in the future.
In 2010, Peru’s total food retail market reached $18 billion, 80 percent of which is concentrated in
Lima. Supermarket chains reached almost $2.5 billion in food sales, a 12 percent increase from
2009. Food sales by these supermarket chains accounted for 30 percent of the retail market share
in Lima in 2010, which is considered to be low in comparison with the neighboring Latin American
Retail Sales in Country by Sub-Sector (million dollars)
Sub-Sector 2008 2009 2010
Supermarkets and hypermarkets 1,800 2,216 2,483
Traditional Channel (grocery stores,
we 8,720 14,428 15,520 t markets, convenient stores, etc.)
Total 10,520 16,644 18,002
Source: Post Estimated values
Section IV. Best High-Value Product Prospects
Peru grants tariff preferences to the Andean Community of Nations (CAN - Bolivia, Colombia
and Ecuador), and to Mexico, Paraguay, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Cuba.
Peru’s trade policy is oriented towards open markets. Peru has signed different commercial
and trade agreements, while others have not entered into force yet and just a few still in
Country Type Status
Andean Community (Bolivia, Ecuador
and ree Trade Agreement In force Colomb Fia)
MERCOSUR (Argentina, Brasil, Uruguay, Economic Complementation
Paraguay) Agreement In force
Cub Economic Complementation a Ag n force reement I
Chile Free Trade Agreement In force
Mexico Trade Integration Agreement In force
United States Free Trade Agreement In force
Canada Free Trade Agreement In force
Singapore Free Trade Agreement In force
China Free Trade Agreement In force
South Korea Free Trade Agreement In force
European Free Trade Association (EFTA) Free Trade Agreement In force
Thailand Th ird Protoco To come intol
Japan Economic Partn to ership Agreement To come in
Eu nto ropean Union Free Trade Agreement To come i
Costa Rica Free T rade Agreement To come into
Panama Free Trade Ag me into reement To co
Guatemala Free Trade Agreemnent Negotiating
El Salvador Free Trade Agreemnent Negotiating
Honduras Free Trade Agreemnent Negotiating
The PTPA reinforces U.S. competitiveness within the Peruvian market. The quality of U.S. products is already
appreciated among the high-end consumers.
For a complete list of products that have benefited from PTPA, please check
Produ Market Annual ct/ Import Key Constraints Market
Produ Size Imports Import ct Tariff Over Market Attractiveness for
Ca 2010 2010 Growth tegory es Rate Development the U.S. t. (2005-
- U.S. cheeses are
mainly used in the
040610 , sector, but have
20 - U.S. competitors and potential in the HRI
40 are: Uruguay and Retail Food
2,341 0 (16percent) and
Ne Sectors. therlands
tons 14.4 percent
Che - In 2010, the United ese 18,480 (16percent).
percent 040630 States was the first
(HS 0406) MT - Strong
($11.59 040690 supplier with a
mi 0 preference for EU llion) market share of 38
percent cheese at high- percent.
end HRI and
R - TPA*: 17 years etail Sectors.
linear, 2,500 MT
quota with 12
percent increase per
- Major suppliers
are - United States
Colombia($26 represents 2 percent
Confectionary 0 million) and of total imports,
– Ecuador ($4
non N/A 16.1
ports grew 14% in
chocolate p million). imercent 2010.
(HS ($37.4 - Local industry is 1704) mi . llion) strong. Major
- The U.S. is the
- Chile is the second major
3,663 0 major supplier supplier with 17
Confectionary tons 12.2 pe (24 percent of rcent percent. The U.S.
– chocolate N/A percent MS). strength is in
(HS 1806) ($13.6 - Local industry is chocolate for the
mi llion) competitive. retail sector. Imports
grew 46 percent in
- United States is the
14,229 - Local Production second largest
Food tons 16.4 is strong supplier and holds
Preparations N/A percent 0 p - Chile is the 17 percent of market ercent
(HS 210690) ($120 major importer share.
million) (33 percent). - In 2010 imports
grew 28 percent.
Prime and Total 1,435 0 7.9 - Competes with - Due to an
choice beef beef and tons percent ty meats increment of income
(HS 020230) offa percent
ls ($5.73 from Colombia, levels, local
market: million) Argentina, consumers are
274,425 Uruguay, Brazil demanding high
MT and Bolivia. quality products,
such as beef.
- U.S. imports have
grown 75 percent
respect 2009 in this
- United States
became the second
largest beef supplier
in 2010 and holds 25
percent of import
Edible Beef 3,911
Offals (liver) 10,000 tons 16.4 0 Local production - The United States
(HS, MT ($5.4 p covers most of holds 95 percent of ercent percent
020622) the market size. import market. million)
U.S. imports grew 15
Fruit and 14 - Brazil is the ,222 percent in 2010 and
Vegetable hl 30 0 second largest
d hold United States s
juices N/A pe supplier anrcent percent 23 remains as the percent of
(HS 2009) ($2.5 ma largest importer rket share in
million) 2010. holding 31 percent of market share.
- Growing local
- There is an
12,250 informal industry - The United States
MT arising. holds 22 percent of
Pet foods 45,000 17.6 0
- Colombia 42 the market, with an
(HS 230910) MT percent percent
($13.84 percent), and 21 percent increase
million) Argentina (31 from 2009.
- Peruvians are
major consumers of
- Major exporters turkey during
are Brazil (52 Christmas and New
4,598 percent) and Chile Year’s.
Tur - The food retail key 13,000 27 (34 percent) .2 6
sector is becoming
(HS 020727) MT p followed by the ercent percent
(7.6 United States with more popular not
million) 14 percent. only in Lima, but also
- Local poultry in the province.
industry is strong. - USAPEEC has
initiated a market
10 - Peruvians are ,050 TRQ: - Strong local major consumers of
Poultry meat tons 56.2 $23,000 13,997 industry. poultry.
cuts percent tons - Frozen
ion - TRQ: 6 percent
(HS 020714 mill) ($8.53 0 presentation is
mi increase per year. llion) percent not common
- Colombia is the
B 9 major import read, pa 4,44stry, United States holds
tons 21.1 0 supplier and holds
($10.2 percent percent 22 14 percent of import percent of
(HS 1905) million) ma market share. rket share.
are very strong.
- United States grew
1,363 38 percent in 2010
Soups & tons and is the major
.6 0 - Lo
roths N/A p are very import supplier in ercent percent
(HS 2104) ($2.9 competitive this category.holding
million) 33 percent of import
- United States grew
5,557 16 percent in 2010
Sauce - Local companies and is the major s 15 0
are very import supplier in
(HS 2103 N/A ) percent, percent
($9.87 competitive. this category.
million) Holding 32 percent of
import market share
- U.S. imports have
grown 161 percent in
respect to 2009. The
United States is the
Nuts and 452 tons - Chile (37 major supplier with
a t of the 61 percent of the lmonds
A 40 0
market) is the import market.
(HS 0802 N/) ($2.7 percent percent
mi second largest - Importers llion) supplier. recognize that U.S.
quality of nuts and
almonds is better
- Argentina (53 - There is a niche
percent), Chile market for quality
(32 percent), and wines for which the
8.1 United States can be
Spain (7 percent)
W 21 million appreciated and price ine mi pe
llion liters exporters. competitive.
liters ($24.87 - Only regular - Peru’s wine
mi llion) wine consumers consumption is
recognize U.S. growing. Right now is
wine quality. above 1.3 liters.
Section V. Key Contacts and Further Information
If you have any questions or comments regarding this report or need assistance exporting to Peru,
please contact the Foreign Agricultural Service in Lima at the following address:
U.S. Embassy Lima, Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS)
Mailing Address: Office of Agricultural Affairs, Unit 3785, APO AA 34031
Address: Av. La Encalada cdra. 17, Monterrico, Lima 33
Phone: (511) 434-3042
Fax: (511) 434-3043
For further information, check the FAS web site www.fas.usda.gov or our web site
www.usdaperu.org.pe. Please, also refer to our other current food market related reports: Food
Processing Ingredients Sector, Retail Food Sector and HRI Food Service Sector and Food and
Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards (FAIRS) and FAIRS Export Certificate reports.
American Chamber of Commerce of Peru (AMCHAM)
Executive Director: Aldo Defilippi
Address: Av. Ricardo Palma 836, Miraflores - Lima 18
Phone: (511) 705-8000
Fax: (511) 241-0709
Web site: www.amcham.org.pe
National Society of Industries (SNI)
President: Pedro Olaechea
Address: Los Laureles 365, San Isidro - Lima 27
Phone: (511) 616-4444
Fax: (511) 616-4433
Web site: www.sni.org.pe
Hotel and Restaurant Association (AHORA)
President: Freddy Gamarra Elias
Address: Av. Benavides 881, Lima 18
Phone: (511) 444-7825
Fax: (511) 444-4303
Ministries and Government Agencies
Ministry of Agriculture (MINAG)
Minister: Luis Ginocchio
Address: Av. La Universidad N° 200 – La Molina
Phone: (511) 613-5800
Fax: (511) 711-3700
Web site: www.minag.gob.pe
The National Agricultural Sanitary and Phytosanitary Service (SENASA)
Director: Dr. Oscar Dominguez
Address: Av. La Molina 1915 – Lima 12
Phone: (511) 313-3300
Fax: (511) 340-1486
Web site: www.senasa.gob.pe
General Environmental Health Bureau (DIGESA)
General Director: Monica Patricia Saavedra Chumbe
Address: Las Amapolas 350, Urbanizacion San Eugenio - Lima 14
Phone: (511) 442-8353 /421-0146
Fax: (511) 422-6404
Web site: www.digesa.minsa.gob.pe
Superintendent: Tania Quispe
Address: Av. Garcilazo de la Vega 1472 – Lima 1
Phone: (511) 315-3300
Web site: www.aduanet.gob.pe
National Institute for the Defense of Competition and for the Protection of the Intellectual Property
President: Mr. Hebert Eduardo TassanoVelaochaga
Address: Calle de la Prosa 138 - San Borja
Phone: (511) 224-7800
Fax: (511) 224-0348
Web site: www.indecopi.gob.pe
APPENDIX 1. STATISTICS
TABLE A. Key Trade & Demographic Information (2009)
Agricultural Imports From All Countries ($million)/ U.S. Market Share 1/ (%) 3,230 / 24
Consumer Food Imports From All Countries ($ million)/ U.S. Market Share (%)1/ 745 / 14
Edible Fishery Imports From All Countries ($ mi /llion)/ U.S. Market Share (%)1 159 / 4
Total Population (Millions) / Annual Growth Rate (%)2/ 29.4 / 1.1
Urban Population (Millions) / Annual Growth Rate (%)2/ 22.3 / 2.1
Numbe 3/r of Major Metropolitan Areas 2/ 10
Size of the High-Middle Class (Millions) / Growth Rate (%)4/ 2 / 3%
Per Capita Gross Domestic Product (U.S. Dollars) –2010 2/ 5/ 5,401
Unemployment Rate – 2010 (%)2/ 5/ 6.6
Per Capita Food Expenditures (U.S. Dollars) 2/ 923
Percent of Females o 2/ f Working Age 50.3
Exchange Rate (US$1 = X.X local currency) 2/ $1 = S/. 2.8
Peru Imports Imports from the World Imports from the U.S. U.S. Market Share
(In Millions of Dollars) 2008 2009 2010 2008 2009 2010 2008 2009 2010
CONSUMER-ORIENTED AGRICULTURAL TOTAL 616 546 774 83 59 107 14 11 14
Snack Foods (Excl. Nuts) 44 44 54 4 3 4 9 7 7
Breakfast Cereals & Pancake Mix 18 13 15 1 1 1 3 4 4
Red Meats, Fresh/Chilled/Frozen 35 30 46 7 6 10 19 21 22
Red Meats, Prepared/Preserved 4 9 5 0 0 0 2 2 8
Poultry Meat 12 17 29 0 2 6 1 13 20
Dairy Products (Excl. Cheese) 123 64 128 19 3 26 16 5 21
Cheese 10 8 12 2 4 4 25 42 38
Eggs & Products 2 5 2 0 0 0 3 4 19
Fresh Fruit 31 41 50 1 1 1 3 3 2
Fresh Vegetables 0 0 28 0 0 0 4 0 0
Processed Fruit & Vegetables 57 42 66 4 4 8 7 10 12
Fruit & Vegetable Juices 2 2 3 1 1 1 32 33 31
Tree Nuts 2 2 4 0 1 2 4 29 42
Wine & Beer 26 23 30 0 0 0 1 1 2
Nursery Products & Cut Flowers 4 5 6 1 1 1 17 10 19
Pet Foods (Dog & Cat Food) 11 11 14 3 3 3 26 24 22
Other Consumer-Oriented Products 234 230 282 41 30 40 17 13 14
FISH & SEAFOOD PRODUCTS 63 76 159 1 0 7 1 0 4
Salmon 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1/ Source : Peru’s Customs 2010.
3/ Lima is the mainS city with 8.4 umillion inhabritants aind 2.0% of annual groiwth. The other cities are: Piura, La Libertad, Cajamarca, 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Puno, Junin, Cuzco, Arequipa, Lambayeque y Ancash.
Source: ―Peruvian Association of Market Research Companies‖ Socioeconomic Levels 2010.
Economic and Finance Ministry (EFM)
Crustaceans 4 2 3 0 0 0 0 1 1
TABLE B. CONSUMER FOOD & EDIBLE FISHERY PRODUCT IMPORTS
Groundfish & Flatfish 21 32 57 0 0 0 0 0 0
Molluscs 3 1 7 1 0 7 19 1 92
Other Fishery Products 35 39 91 0 0 0 1 1 0
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS TOTAL 3,162 2,508 3,229 508 557 787 16 22 24
AGRICULTURAL, FISH & FORESTRY TOTAL 3,376 2,697 3,547 519 568 809 15 21 23
Source: World Trade Atlas (2011)
TABLE C. TOP 15 SUPPLIERS OF CONSUMER FOODS & EDIBLE FISHERY PRODUCTS
Peru - Top 15 Suppliers
CONSUMER - ORIENTED AGRICULTURAL IMPORTS FISH & SEAFOOD PRODUCTS
$1,000 2008 2009 2010 $1,000 2008 2009 2010
Chile 165,364 156,276 195,030 Ecuador 24,621 24,043 46,561
United States 83,482 59,230 107,003 Chile 22,930 32,496 41,347
Colombia 66,449 63,344 80,746 International Waters 4 44 3,342 28,873
Argentina 63,440 41,419 58,631 Argentina 5,505 4,932 8,307
New Zealand 25,719 20,401 47,778 United States 7 69 3 27 6,923
Brazil 34,130 36,736 47,377 China 1,093 4 63 6,867
Mexico 25,585 27,730 39,746 Guatemala - - 3,760
Bolivia 8,809 12,255 18,560 Vietnam 6 48 1,181 3,313
Spain 11,427 11,115 17,648 New Zealand - 48 3,196
Ecuador 18,549 16,163 16,781 Panama 9 73 1,557 2,348
Netherlands 12,398 10,608 14,905 Spain 1,999 1,174 1,736
Denmark 8,048 8,683 9,940 Italy 15 10 1,461
China 7,239 9,184 9,120 Peru 49 4,124 1,291
Ireland 21,974 6,419 8,837 Thailand 4 33 9 30
France 8,972 7,059 7,750 Netherlands Antilles - - 3 40
Others 57,164 61,612 65,574 Others 4,286 1,888 1,943
World 618,749 548,234 745,425 World 63,337 75,616 159,196
Source: World Trade Atlas (2011)