Exporter Guide

An Expert's View about Agriculture and Animal Husbandry in Peru

Posted on: 23 Jan 2012

This report summarizes key trade and market conditions to help U.S. importers make the most of the United States- Peru Trade Promotion Agreement opportunities.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: GAIN Report Number: Peru Exporter Guide 2011 Approved By: Emiko Purdy Prepared By: Alvaro Loza Report Highlights: Peru continues to be the best performing economy in Latin America, achieving sustained high growth and low inflation. Peru’s economy has been transformed by market-oriented reforms and privatizations and has met many of the conditions for long-term growth. Peru’s economy posted impressive results in 2010, such a GDP growth of 8.8 percent -proof that Peru’s economy is highly dynamic, driven mostly by private investment, foreign trade, and domestic demand. The commercial sector appears amongst the sectors that have contributed the most to this growth. This report summarizes key trade and market conditions to help U.S. importers make the most of the United States- Peru Trade Promotion Agreement opportunities. Post: Lima Executive Summary: Section I. Market Overview Peru continues to be the best performing economy in Latin America, achieving sustained high growth and low inflation. Peru’s economy has been transformed by market-oriented reforms and privatizations and has met many of the conditions for long-term growth. Peru posted impressive results in 2010, such a GDP growth of 8.8 percent -proof that Peru’s economy is highly dynamic, driven mostly by private investment, foreign trade, and domestic demand. The commercial sector appears amongst the sectors that have contributed the most to this growth. Peru’s good economic position has also been validated by the World Bank’s ranking of Peru as the 36th of 183 economies in its 2011 Ease of Doing Business report, gaining 10 positions in comparison with 2010 as a result of introducing positive reforms in 4 categories. Peru's strength lies in its sound regulations although the amount of red tape is still relatively high despite the aforementioned improvements. Similarly, credit rating agencies such as Standard and Poor, Fitch, and Moody’s, acknowledge the good fiscal and economic performance of the country, placing it amongst the economies that are certain to comply with their obligations. 2010 2008 2009 Domestic Economy Nominal GDP (U.S. $ billions) 127.6 127.2 157.1 Real GDP Growth (%) 9.8 0.9 8.8 GDP per capita (nominal U.S. $) 4,453 4,365 5,401 Ave. annual exchange rate (new soles/$) 2.92 3.01 2.8 Inflation (Dec. to Dec. %) 5.8 2.9 1.6 Source: Central Reserve Bank of Peru, www.bcrp.gob.pe National Institute of Statistics, www.inei.gob.pe Country Commercial Guide: Peru, http://buyusainfo.net/docs/x_8403089.pdf . Peru's population reached 29.4 million in 2010. The country has added 8 million people since 1990. Total population is expected to exceed 32 million by 2020. The median age was 25.6 years in 2010 – up 5.1years since 1990. Peru’s GDP per capita has increased more than 20 percent in 2010 and it is forecasted to grow 15 percent more in 2011. According to Peru’s customs data, total agricultural imports to Peru from United States grew to $787 million in 2010, up 41 percent from the 2009 level. Moreover, consumer oriented products reached $107 million in 2010 growing 81 percent in respect 2009. The United States became the second largest supplier after Chile of consumer oriented products, accounting for 14 percent of the market share. Colombia was the third largest supplier in this category. The United States– Peru Trade Promotion Agreement (PTPA), entered into force on February 1, 2009. PTPA immediately provided duty free access for two-thirds of U.S. food and agricultural products, including high-quality beef, cotton, wheat, soybeans, soybean meal and crude soybean oil, key fruits and vegetables such as apples, pears, peaches, cherries and almonds, food ingredients, and many processed food products, including frozen French fries, cookies and snack foods. Tariffs on most remaining U.S. farm products will be phased out within 15 years, with all tariffs eliminated in 17 years. Peru offers promising conditions for U.S. products due to the expansion of supermarket and fast food chains, a growing trend for processed food consumption, increasing investments in the hotel and restaurant industry (HRI) and economic stability. Opportunities also exist for commodities such as hard red wheat, cotton, yellow corn, pet food, soybean meal, dairy (whey and cheese), and beef and offals. However, major constraints include customer preferences for fresh food, limited purchasing power in the lower-middle class population, and tariff and non-tariff barriers. Although Lima is still the major market for consumer-oriented foods, cities like Trujillo, Arequipa, Chiclayo, and Huancayo have become favorable alternatives for U.S. exporters. Advantages and Challenges Facing U.S. Products in Peru Advantages Challenges PTPA grants duty free access to two- 1. Peru is negotiating trade agreements thirds of U.S. food and agricultural with other countries, which could products. lessen U.S. competitive advantage. Growing food processing and HRI 1. Consumer habits: Peruvians prefer sectors demand more food meals based on fresh products and ingredients. spicy seasonings. Open market for previously banned 1. Lack of brand awareness among products (beef, offal, poultry and consumers. pork). 1. New local food brands appearing in the Proactive supermarket industry will market at very low prices. result in increased demand for high- value products. 1. Relatively small market due to limited purchasing power; 70 percent of the 1. Supermarkets and fast food chains Peruvian population are low-income expanding in major cities. consumers. 1. Appreciation for U.S. food quality and 1. Traditional markets dominate retail culture. sales strongly in secondary cities 1. Increased tourism creates new 1. Smuggling. opportunities for food service development (especially consumer- oriented products). Section II. Exporter Business Tips Two-thirds of U.S. food and agricultural products are exported to Peru duty free. The complete list of products that benefit from PTPA can be found at: http://www.ustr.gov/Trade_Agreements/Bilateral/Peru_TPA/Section_Index.html Imported food products have been benefit since Peru TPA entered into force on February 1, 2009. For further information on food standards and regulations, labeling and import procedures, please refer to our latest Food and Agricultural Import Regulation and Standards Report. 1. Food standards and regulations Sanitary inspection, food registration, packaging and control regulations for food and beverages are included in Supreme Decree No. 007-98-SA of September 25, 1998. The General Environmental Health Bureau (DIGESA), within the Ministry of Health, is the Peruvian counterpart to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regarding sanitary supervision and registration of food and beverages. The National Agricultural Sanitary and Phytosanitary Service (SENASA), part of the Ministry of Agriculture, is the local counterpart to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) concerning the development of sanitary and phytosanitary regulations and the inspection of animal and plant origin products. The National Institute for the Defense of Competition and for the Protection of Intellectual Property (INDECOPI) is the agency in charge of labeling standards, labeling control, and trademarks. 1. General import and inspection procedures In order to clear Customs (SUNAT), imports must have a Unique Customs Declaration (DUA), a commercial invoice, an airway bill or bill of lading, a packing list, an insurance letter, and a food sanitary registry from DIGESA for food processed products or a health certificate for animals, plants or their by-products that complies with SENASA’s import requirements. When the customs agent transmits the DUA electronically, SUNAT will determine the type of control for the merchandise within the following channels: green, orange and red. Channel green permits delivery of the product once duties are paid; channel orange requires review of the documentation and channel red requires review of the documentation and physical inspection. 1. Food and beverage sanitary registration Importers needs to submit a sworn application to DIGESA (available at www.digesa.sld.pe) accompanied by a certificate of free trade and use, the future label and the registration receipt. If the certificate is not available, the importer should present a document issued by the Peruvian Consulate in the country of origin. The sworn application includes the contact information of the importer’s company and the manufacturer, his taxpayer identification (R.U.C.), the list of products requested and the content, results of physical-chemical and microbiological analysis, lot code system, expiration date, packing material, and storage conditions for each product. This procedure will take no more than seven working days. The Sanitary Registration will be valid for five years from the date of issue and may be renewed between seven and 60 working days before the expiration date. 1. Certificates for animals, plants, and their by-products Before the product is shipped, the importer must request an import permit from SENASA. The exporter must provide to the importer the corresponding official country of origin health certificate, including the specific certification requirements of SENASA. USDA agencies that issue health certificates for Peru are the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) for animals and plants and their derived products, the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) for meats and their by-products, and the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) for U.S. dairy products. 1. Labeling requirements Imported packaged foods must carry a separate adhesive label before reaching the point of sale. A Spanish translation of the label must include the importer/distributor’s contact information. R.U.C. Law 28405, November 30, 2004, requires labeling for value-added products other than foods (which could be included in the future). Imported value-added products that do not comply with the provisions of this law must be properly labeled in private storage for customs clearance. Section III. Market Sector Structure and Trends In order to enter the Peruvian food market, U.S. exporters should contact local food processing companies and importers/wholesalers/distributors directly or indirectly through brokers, agents or representatives. Regardless of which strategy is chosen, personal visits are highly recommended. The local partner should be well known by the U.S. company before any permanent contractual arrangement is made. The local partner should be able to provide updated information on market consumer trends, current market development (merchandising, point of sales, and promotion activities) and trade business practices. 1. Food Service Sector In 2010, food service sales in Peru accounted for about $5.2 billion. Full service restaurants represented almost 65 percent, with almost 40 percent of the sales coming from high-end food service. Growth increased by 8 percent in respect to 2009. Total food service imports were estimated at $1 billion, or 20 percent of total food service sales. Estimated Consumer Food Service by Type (Current Value): 2006-2010 Sub Secto Food Service (US$ Million) r 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010* Full-service restaurants 2,112 2,409 2,983 3,126 3,385 Cafes/Bars 571 690 840 918 1,010 Fast Food 177 226 234 266 292 Home Delivery 62 75 94 98 105 Street stalls/kiosks 291 339 467 449 472 TOTAL 3,213 3,737 4,619 4,857 5,264 growth % 8% 16% 24% 5% 8% Source: Post estimations / *Preliminary The Peruvian government has been actively promoting tourism. In September 2009, first general tourism law was passed. The purpose of the law is to promote tourism and entrepreneurial development, particularly in areas outside of Lima. Visitors from other countries that are not residing within Peru are considerate as receptive tourism by the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism. It has been estimated that receptive tourism growth was 12.4 percent in 2010. Moreover, hotels expanded by 8 percent, due to increased local tourism, which offset the drop in hotel overnight stays by foreign tourists. The tourism boom, however, is reflected not only in the increase in number of foreign visitors, but mainly in new investments in hotels and restaurants. Peru’s progress as a tourist destination is important—the country often appears in specialized documents and is awarded prizes of different kinds. This awakening of tourism has been accompanied by the rapid dissemination of Peruvian cuisine which definitely is starting to be part of main attractions for different visitors around the world. Visits by foreign tourists rose 7.5 percent in 2010. The number of visitors that arrived to Peru last year was around 2.8 million, which represented foreign currency earnings of $2,7 billion. 1. Food Processing Sector The food industry recovered 7 percent in 2010 from its downturn in 2009. It was mainly triggered by higher income levels, employment and credit. There were two distinct trends defined by the direction taken by the market for goods. The first one was pushed by prepared and preserved meat production that climbed 4.8 percent -- the rate that has shown a steadily growth for twelve straight years. The leading companies, mainly from poultry and sausage industry, have been able to further diversify their offering of foodstuffs. The second trend relies on the notable expansion of oils and fat industry that grew 17 percent in 2010, mainly boosted by an aggressive competitive behavior between key players, being locals who had best performance at the end. According to food industry perspectives for 2011, there is high growth expectancy for this sector due to expansion of local demand especially at provinces. Despite the rise of ingredients prices in the international market, the industry remains solid and it is gaining more presence abroad. The performance of the beverage industry has been positive over the past twelve years, boosted by the domestic market and particularly by the development of soft drinks and mineral waters. In 2010, sector’s growth recovered and expanded 7 percent basically by an increment of domestic demand resulting from country’s economic progress. Distilled beverages and spirits rose barely 0.5 percent as a result of lower production of pisco (4 percent) and other distilled spirits compared to previous year, closing the year with $550 million in sales. 1. Food Retail Sector Fostered by higher levels of employment, income and consumption, Peru’s retail market exhibits a large list of opportunities for consumer goods. Peru has experienced a spectacular growth in the modern retail channel in the last ten years. This year A.T. Kearney’s ranking included Peru amongst the 10 favorite emerging countries for retail investment, based on its low retail penetration and average young age of consumers (26 years old). The three major supermarkets chains in Peru achieved sales for $2.5 billion in 2010; this represents a 12 percent growth in respect 2009 (Table 1). This positive evolution is consistent with increases in private consumption and major availability to consumption credits and higher incomes, especially within middle-class families which currently account for 45 percent of Peru’s population. Chart 1 Source: Skotiabank Economic Department There were 156 stores (all formats included) by the end of 2010, with 121 in Lima and 35 in the provinces. The results obtained outside of the capital have gone beyond any expectation. Supermarkets have founded their success on identifying and developing new market segments, which will eventually help them gain more terrain in the future. In 2010, Peru’s total food retail market reached $18 billion, 80 percent of which is concentrated in Lima. Supermarket chains reached almost $2.5 billion in food sales, a 12 percent increase from 2009. Food sales by these supermarket chains accounted for 30 percent of the retail market share in Lima in 2010, which is considered to be low in comparison with the neighboring Latin American countries. Retail Sales in Country by Sub-Sector (million dollars) Sub-Sector 2008 2009 2010 Supermarkets and hypermarkets 1,800 2,216 2,483 Traditional Channel (grocery stores, we 8,720 14,428 15,520 t markets, convenient stores, etc.) Total 10,520 16,644 18,002 Source: Post Estimated values Section IV. Best High-Value Product Prospects Peru grants tariff preferences to the Andean Community of Nations (CAN - Bolivia, Colombia and Ecuador), and to Mexico, Paraguay, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Cuba. Peru’s trade policy is oriented towards open markets. Peru has signed different commercial and trade agreements, while others have not entered into force yet and just a few still in negotiations: Country Type Status Andean Community (Bolivia, Ecuador and ree Trade Agreement In force Colomb Fia) MERCOSUR (Argentina, Brasil, Uruguay, Economic Complementation Paraguay) Agreement In force Cub Economic Complementation a Ag n force reement I Chile Free Trade Agreement In force Mexico Trade Integration Agreement In force United States Free Trade Agreement In force Canada Free Trade Agreement In force Singapore Free Trade Agreement In force China Free Trade Agreement In force South Korea Free Trade Agreement In force European Free Trade Association (EFTA) Free Trade Agreement In force Thailand Th ird Protoco To come intol force Japan Economic Partn to ership Agreement To come in force Eu nto ropean Union Free Trade Agreement To come i force Costa Rica Free T rade Agreement To come into force Panama Free Trade Ag me into reement To co force Guatemala Free Trade Agreemnent Negotiating El Salvador Free Trade Agreemnent Negotiating Honduras Free Trade Agreemnent Negotiating The PTPA reinforces U.S. competitiveness within the Peruvian market. The quality of U.S. products is already appreciated among the high-end consumers. For a complete list of products that have benefited from PTPA, please check http://www.ustr.gov/Trade_Agreements/Bilateral/Peru_TPA/Section_Index.html. Average Produ Market Annual ct/ Import Key Constraints Market Produ Size Imports Import ct Tariff Over Market Attractiveness for Ca 2010 2010 Growth tegory es Rate Development the U.S. t. (2005- 10) - U.S. cheeses are mainly used in the food processing 040610 , sector, but have 20 - U.S. competitors and potential in the HRI 40 are: Uruguay and Retail Food 2,341 0 (16percent) and Ne Sectors. therlands tons 14.4 percent Che - In 2010, the United ese 18,480 (16percent). percent 040630 States was the first (HS 0406) MT - Strong ($11.59 040690 supplier with a mi 0 preference for EU llion) market share of 38 percent cheese at high- percent. end HRI and R - TPA*: 17 years etail Sectors. linear, 2,500 MT quota with 12 percent increase per year. - Major suppliers are - United States Colombia($26 represents 2 percent 14,492 Confectionary 0 million) and of total imports, tons – Ecuador ($4 however, U.S. non N/A 16.1 percent ports grew 14% in chocolate p million). imercent 2010. (HS ($37.4 - Local industry is 1704) mi . llion) strong. Major owners are foreign companies. - The U.S. is the - Chile is the second major 3,663 0 major supplier supplier with 17 Confectionary tons 12.2 pe (24 percent of rcent percent. The U.S. – chocolate N/A percent MS). strength is in (HS 1806) ($13.6 - Local industry is chocolate for the mi llion) competitive. retail sector. Imports grew 46 percent in 2010. - United States is the 14,229 - Local Production second largest Food tons 16.4 is strong supplier and holds Preparations N/A percent 0 p - Chile is the 17 percent of market ercent (HS 210690) ($120 major importer share. million) (33 percent). - In 2010 imports grew 28 percent. Prime and Total 1,435 0 7.9 - Competes with - Due to an choice beef beef and tons percent ty meats increment of income (HS 020230) offa percent quali ls ($5.73 from Colombia, levels, local market: million) Argentina, consumers are 274,425 Uruguay, Brazil demanding high MT and Bolivia. quality products, such as beef. - U.S. imports have grown 75 percent respect 2009 in this category - United States became the second largest beef supplier in 2010 and holds 25 percent of import market share Edible Beef 3,911 Offals (liver) 10,000 tons 16.4 0 Local production - The United States (HS, MT ($5.4 p covers most of holds 95 percent of ercent percent 020622) the market size. import market. million) U.S. imports grew 15 Fruit and 14 - Brazil is the ,222 percent in 2010 and Vegetable hl 30 0 second largest d hold United States s juices N/A pe supplier anrcent percent 23 remains as the percent of (HS 2009) ($2.5 ma largest importer rket share in million) 2010. holding 31 percent of market share. - Growing local pet industry. - There is an 12,250 informal industry - The United States MT arising. holds 22 percent of Pet foods 45,000 17.6 0 - Colombia 42 the market, with an (HS 230910) MT percent percent ($13.84 percent), and 21 percent increase million) Argentina (31 from 2009. percent) are major competitors. - Peruvians are major consumers of - Major exporters turkey during are Brazil (52 Christmas and New 4,598 percent) and Chile Year’s. tons Tur - The food retail key 13,000 27 (34 percent) .2 6 sector is becoming (HS 020727) MT p followed by the ercent percent (7.6 United States with more popular not million) 14 percent. only in Lima, but also - Local poultry in the province. industry is strong. - USAPEEC has initiated a market penetration plan. 10 - Peruvians are ,050 TRQ: - Strong local major consumers of Poultry meat tons 56.2 $23,000 13,997 industry. poultry. cuts percent tons - Frozen ion - TRQ: 6 percent (HS 020714 mill) ($8.53 0 presentation is mi increase per year. llion) percent not common - Colombia is the B 9 major import read, pa 4,44stry, United States holds tons 21.1 0 supplier and holds cookies N/A ($10.2 percent percent 22 14 percent of import percent of (HS 1905) million) ma market share. rket share. Local companies are very strong. - United States grew 1,363 38 percent in 2010 Soups & tons and is the major B 20 cal companies .6 0 - Lo roths N/A p are very import supplier in ercent percent (HS 2104) ($2.9 competitive this category.holding million) 33 percent of import market share - United States grew 5,557 16 percent in 2010 tons Sauce - Local companies and is the major s 15 0 are very import supplier in (HS 2103 N/A ) percent, percent ($9.87 competitive. this category. million) Holding 32 percent of import market share - U.S. imports have grown 161 percent in respect to 2009. The United States is the Nuts and 452 tons - Chile (37 major supplier with a t of the 61 percent of the lmonds A 40 0 percen market) is the import market. (HS 0802 N/) ($2.7 percent percent mi second largest - Importers llion) supplier. recognize that U.S. quality of nuts and almonds is better than competitors. - Argentina (53 - There is a niche percent), Chile market for quality (32 percent), and wines for which the 8.1 United States can be 15 Spain (7 percent) .7 0 W 21 million appreciated and price ine mi pe are major rcent percent llion liters exporters. competitive. (HS 2204) liters ($24.87 - Only regular - Peru’s wine mi llion) wine consumers consumption is recognize U.S. growing. Right now is wine quality. above 1.3 liters. Section V. Key Contacts and Further Information If you have any questions or comments regarding this report or need assistance exporting to Peru, please contact the Foreign Agricultural Service in Lima at the following address: U.S. Embassy Lima, Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) Mailing Address: Office of Agricultural Affairs, Unit 3785, APO AA 34031 Address: Av. La Encalada cdra. 17, Monterrico, Lima 33 Phone: (511) 434-3042 Fax: (511) 434-3043 E-mail: Aglima@usda.gov For further information, check the FAS web site www.fas.usda.gov or our web site www.usdaperu.org.pe. Please, also refer to our other current food market related reports: Food Processing Ingredients Sector, Retail Food Sector and HRI Food Service Sector and Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards (FAIRS) and FAIRS Export Certificate reports. Trade Associations American Chamber of Commerce of Peru (AMCHAM) Executive Director: Aldo Defilippi Address: Av. Ricardo Palma 836, Miraflores - Lima 18 Phone: (511) 705-8000 Fax: (511) 241-0709 Web site: www.amcham.org.pe E-mail: amcham@amcham.org.pe National Society of Industries (SNI) President: Pedro Olaechea Address: Los Laureles 365, San Isidro - Lima 27 Phone: (511) 616-4444 Fax: (511) 616-4433 Web site: www.sni.org.pe Hotel and Restaurant Association (AHORA) President: Freddy Gamarra Elias Address: Av. Benavides 881, Lima 18 Phone: (511) 444-7825 Fax: (511) 444-4303 E-mail: ahora@infonegocio.net.pe Ministries and Government Agencies Ministry of Agriculture (MINAG) Minister: Luis Ginocchio Address: Av. La Universidad N° 200 – La Molina Phone: (511) 613-5800 Fax: (511) 711-3700 Web site: www.minag.gob.pe The National Agricultural Sanitary and Phytosanitary Service (SENASA) Director: Dr. Oscar Dominguez Address: Av. La Molina 1915 – Lima 12 Phone: (511) 313-3300 Fax: (511) 340-1486 Web site: www.senasa.gob.pe General Environmental Health Bureau (DIGESA) General Director: Monica Patricia Saavedra Chumbe Address: Las Amapolas 350, Urbanizacion San Eugenio - Lima 14 Phone: (511) 442-8353 /421-0146 Fax: (511) 422-6404 Web site: www.digesa.minsa.gob.pe Customs (SUNAT) Superintendent: Tania Quispe Address: Av. Garcilazo de la Vega 1472 – Lima 1 Phone: (511) 315-3300 Fax: (511)315-3318 Web site: www.aduanet.gob.pe National Institute for the Defense of Competition and for the Protection of the Intellectual Property (INDECOPI) President: Mr. Hebert Eduardo TassanoVelaochaga Address: Calle de la Prosa 138 - San Borja Phone: (511) 224-7800 Fax: (511) 224-0348 Web site: www.indecopi.gob.pe APPENDIX 1. STATISTICS TABLE A. Key Trade & Demographic Information (2009) Agricultural Imports From All Countries ($million)/ U.S. Market Share 1/ (%) 3,230 / 24 Consumer Food Imports From All Countries ($ million)/ U.S. Market Share (%)1/ 745 / 14 Edible Fishery Imports From All Countries ($ mi /llion)/ U.S. Market Share (%)1 159 / 4 Total Population (Millions) / Annual Growth Rate (%)2/ 29.4 / 1.1 Urban Population (Millions) / Annual Growth Rate (%)2/ 22.3 / 2.1 Numbe 3/r of Major Metropolitan Areas 2/ 10 Size of the High-Middle Class (Millions) / Growth Rate (%)4/ 2 / 3% Per Capita Gross Domestic Product (U.S. Dollars) –2010 2/ 5/ 5,401 Unemployment Rate – 2010 (%)2/ 5/ 6.6 Per Capita Food Expenditures (U.S. Dollars) 2/ 923 Percent of Females o 2/ f Working Age 50.3 Exchange Rate (US$1 = X.X local currency) 2/ $1 = S/. 2.8 Peru Imports Imports from the World Imports from the U.S. U.S. Market Share (In Millions of Dollars) 2008 2009 2010 2008 2009 2010 2008 2009 2010 CONSUMER-ORIENTED AGRICULTURAL TOTAL 616 546 774 83 59 107 14 11 14 Snack Foods (Excl. Nuts) 44 44 54 4 3 4 9 7 7 Breakfast Cereals & Pancake Mix 18 13 15 1 1 1 3 4 4 Red Meats, Fresh/Chilled/Frozen 35 30 46 7 6 10 19 21 22 Red Meats, Prepared/Preserved 4 9 5 0 0 0 2 2 8 Poultry Meat 12 17 29 0 2 6 1 13 20 Dairy Products (Excl. Cheese) 123 64 128 19 3 26 16 5 21 Cheese 10 8 12 2 4 4 25 42 38 Eggs & Products 2 5 2 0 0 0 3 4 19 Fresh Fruit 31 41 50 1 1 1 3 3 2 Fresh Vegetables 0 0 28 0 0 0 4 0 0 Processed Fruit & Vegetables 57 42 66 4 4 8 7 10 12 Fruit & Vegetable Juices 2 2 3 1 1 1 32 33 31 Tree Nuts 2 2 4 0 1 2 4 29 42 Wine & Beer 26 23 30 0 0 0 1 1 2 Nursery Products & Cut Flowers 4 5 6 1 1 1 17 10 19 Pet Foods (Dog & Cat Food) 11 11 14 3 3 3 26 24 22 Other Consumer-Oriented Products 234 230 282 41 30 40 17 13 14 FISH & SEAFOOD PRODUCTS 63 76 159 1 0 7 1 0 4 Salmon 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1/ Source : Peru’s Customs 2010. 2/ Source: INEI 3/ Lima is the mainS city with 8.4 umillion inhabritants aind 2.0% of annual groiwth. The other cities are: Piura, La Libertad, Cajamarca, 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Puno, Junin, Cuzco, Arequipa, Lambayeque y Ancash. 4/ Source: ―Peruvian Association of Market Research Companies‖ Socioeconomic Levels 2010. 5/ Economic and Finance Ministry (EFM) Crustaceans 4 2 3 0 0 0 0 1 1 TABLE B. CONSUMER FOOD & EDIBLE FISHERY PRODUCT IMPORTS Groundfish & Flatfish 21 32 57 0 0 0 0 0 0 Molluscs 3 1 7 1 0 7 19 1 92 Other Fishery Products 35 39 91 0 0 0 1 1 0 AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS TOTAL 3,162 2,508 3,229 508 557 787 16 22 24 AGRICULTURAL, FISH & FORESTRY TOTAL 3,376 2,697 3,547 519 568 809 15 21 23 Source: World Trade Atlas (2011) TABLE C. TOP 15 SUPPLIERS OF CONSUMER FOODS & EDIBLE FISHERY PRODUCTS Peru - Top 15 Suppliers CONSUMER - ORIENTED AGRICULTURAL IMPORTS FISH & SEAFOOD PRODUCTS $1,000 2008 2009 2010 $1,000 2008 2009 2010 Chile 165,364 156,276 195,030 Ecuador 24,621 24,043 46,561 United States 83,482 59,230 107,003 Chile 22,930 32,496 41,347 Colombia 66,449 63,344 80,746 International Waters 4 44 3,342 28,873 Argentina 63,440 41,419 58,631 Argentina 5,505 4,932 8,307 New Zealand 25,719 20,401 47,778 United States 7 69 3 27 6,923 Brazil 34,130 36,736 47,377 China 1,093 4 63 6,867 Mexico 25,585 27,730 39,746 Guatemala - - 3,760 Bolivia 8,809 12,255 18,560 Vietnam 6 48 1,181 3,313 Spain 11,427 11,115 17,648 New Zealand - 48 3,196 Ecuador 18,549 16,163 16,781 Panama 9 73 1,557 2,348 Netherlands 12,398 10,608 14,905 Spain 1,999 1,174 1,736 Denmark 8,048 8,683 9,940 Italy 15 10 1,461 China 7,239 9,184 9,120 Peru 49 4,124 1,291 Ireland 21,974 6,419 8,837 Thailand 4 33 9 30 France 8,972 7,059 7,750 Netherlands Antilles - - 3 40 Others 57,164 61,612 65,574 Others 4,286 1,888 1,943 World 618,749 548,234 745,425 World 63,337 75,616 159,196 Source: World Trade Atlas (2011)
Posted: 23 January 2012

See more from Agriculture and Animal Husbandry in Peru

Expert Views    
Coffee Annual   By Foreign Agricultural Service
Import Regulations and Standards   By Foreign Agricultural Service
Grain and Feed Annual   By Foreign Agricultural Service
Coffee Annual   By Foreign Agricultural Service
Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards   By Foreign Agricultural Service