Sugar Annual

An Expert's View about Tropical and Subtropical Fruits, Sugar Cane in Peru

Posted on: 27 Apr 2012

Cane sugar production for CY2012 is estimated at 1.15 MMT, up from 1.076 MMT in CY2011.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 4/13/2012 GAIN Report Number: Peru Sugar Annual Annual Approved By: Candice Bruce Prepared By: Gaspar E. Nolte Report Highlights: Cane sugar production for CY2012 is estimated at 1.15 MMT, up from 1.076 MMT in CY2011. Peruvian sugar exports in CY 2012 are forecast at 80,000 MT. In CY 2011 the United States was the largest market for Peruvian sugar with 56,186 MT. Executive Summary: Cane sugar production for CY2012 is estimated at 1.15 MMT, up from 1.076 MMT in CY2011. This 6 percent increase is explained by favorable weather conditions, particularly sufficient water supply, and investments in new plantations. Sugar cane production is forecast at 10.15 MMT in CY 2012. Sugar in Peru is produced in the rich northern valleys along the coast. Cane sugar consumption is forecast at 1.23 MMT in CY 2012, around 70 percent of which is for direct consumption and the remaining for industrial use. Peruvian sugar exports in CY 2012 are forecast at 80,000 MT. In CY 2011 the United States was the largest market for Peruvian sugar with 56,186 MT. Commodities: Select Production: Sugar Cane for Centrifugal Peru 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 Market Year Begin: Jan 2010 Market Year Begin: Jan 2011 Market Year Begin: Jan 2012 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Area Planted 84 85 85 86 Area Harvested 80 80 81 81 Production 10,100 9,857 10,150 10,150 Total Supply 10,100 9,857 10,150 10,150 Utilization for Sugar 10,050 9,807 10,100 10,100 Utilizatn for Alcohol 50 50 50 50 Total Utilization 10,100 9,857 10,150 10,150 1000 HA, 1000 MT Sugar, Centrifugal Peru 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 Market Year Begin: Jan 2010 Market Year Begin: Jan 2011 Market Year Begin: Jan 2012 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Beginning Stocks 20 20 5 10 34 Beet Sugar Production 0 0 0 0 0 Cane Sugar Production 1,016 1,038 1,145 1,076 1,150 Total Sugar Production 1,016 1,038 1,145 1,076 1,150 Raw Imports 14 12 15 12 10 Refined Imp.(Raw Val) 196 224 140 229 140 Total Imports 210 236 155 241 150 Total Supply 1,246 1,294 1,305 1,327 1,334 Raw Exports 84 113 100 63 80 Refined Exp.(Raw Val) 0 0 0 0 0 Total Exports 84 113 100 63 80 Human Dom. Consumption 1,157 1,171 1,200 1,230 1,230 Other Disappearance 0 0 0 0 0 Total Use 1,157 1,171 1,200 1,230 1,230 Ending Stocks 5 10 5 34 24 Total Distribution 1,246 1,294 1,305 1,327 1,334 1000 MT Cane sugar production for CY2012 is estimated at 1.15 MMT, up from 1.076 MMT in CY2011. This 6 percent increase is explained by favorable weather conditions, particularly sufficient water supply, and investments in new plantations. Post believes that Peru?s sugar production will continue increasing in the foreseeable future due to ongoing investment in renewing fields, new plantations, and more efficient processing plants. Peru will probably become self sufficient, and even have a sugar surplus, in the upcoming years. Sugar cane production is forecast at 10.15 MMT in CY 2012. Sugar in Peru is produced in the rich northern valleys along the coast. The region of La Libertad produces 51 percent of the Peruvian sugar, followed by Lambayeque and Lima with 27 percent and 15 percent respectively. Peru?s milling capacity is 37,000 MT of cane per day. Since sugar cane in Peru is produced year round, mills do not need to be very large. Yields and cane age vary greatly from one producer to another. Yields range from 53 to 190 MT of cane per hectare and age varies from 13 to 18 months between cuts. Average yields in CY 2011 were 123 MT per hectare. Total harvested area in CY 2011 was 81,069 hectares. Production costs also vary considerably, with fuel being one of the most important factors. Fuel utilization ranges from 5 to 90 gallons per metric ton of sugar produced. The Peruvian northern coast has excellent conditions for growing sugar cane due to high temperatures and lack of rain. All cultivation is surface irrigated, allowing producers to cut the supply of water at a given time to obtain higher sucrose yields. Under normal weather conditions, and provided the cane is milled on time, sucrose yields are around 12 percent. Harvested Area Company 2011 Hectares % Casa Grande 15,075 18.6 Cartavio 11,551 14.2 Laredo 9,882 12.2 Paramonga 9,341 11.5 Tumán 9,237 11.4 Pomalca 8,592 10.6 Pucalá 8,341 10.3 San Jacinto 6,013 7.4 Andahuasi 2,471 3.0 Chucarapi 565 0.7 Total 81,069 Source: Peruvian Sugar Cane and Biofuels Producers (APPAB) Peru?s sugar industry continues its consolidation process. Coazucar, owned by Peru?s largest dairy processor Gloria, owns Casa Grande, Cartavio and San Jacinto. Casa Grande has access to 30,000 hectares, but only about 18,000 hectares are under production. Casa Grande could at least double its sugar production very rapidly by both planting currently idle lands and improving yields through technological changes. Ethanol production is also an important project that investors are evaluating. The Peruvian northern coast continues undergoing an economic improvement process driven by private investment. Land is being purchased by Peruvian and foreign investors, and property is being consolidated. The efficiency brought about by economies of scale is improving return rates, which attracts more investment, generating a beneficial cycle. It is quite common to see bulldozers flattening sand dunes to plant more sugar in the desert. This process is undoing the damage done by the catastrophic 1968 land reform that expropriated land to give to workers in socialist type cooperatives. However there still are two mills, Pomalca and Tuman, where the government has shares and that have not been able to find a strategic partner to improve its efficiency and economic results. In an effort to encourage investment in these companies, the government is auctioning its shares to interested private sector companies. Government acquired shares were the result of a conversion of unpaid taxes. Production by Company (2011) Company Market Share ummulative Market Share (%) (% C) Casa Grande 22.6 22.6 Cartavio 16.6 39.2 Laredo 11.7 50.9 Paramonga 11.2 62.1 Tumán 9.5 71.6 Pucalá 9.5 81.1 Pomalca 8.7 89.8 San Jacinto 6.6 96.4 Andahuasi 3.1 99.5 Chucarapi 0.5 100.0 Consumption: Cane sugar consumption is forecast at 1.23 MMT in CY 2012, around 70 percent of which is for direct consumption and the remaining for industrial use. As the Peruvian economy improves, sugar demand will increase, especially for sugar based beverages and confectionary products. Average retail price in CY 2011 was $1.05 per kilogram, up 11 percent from the previous year. Retail Sugar Price in 2011 (U.S. $ per Kilogram) Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Refined 1.24 1.24 1.24 1.23 1.23 1.22 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.19 1.19 Brown 1.06 1.06 1.06 1.06 1.05 1.05 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.05 1.05 1.05 Source: Ministry of Agriculture Trade: Peruvian sugar exports in CY 2012 are forecast at 80,000 MT. In CY 2011 the United States was the largest market for Peruvian sugar with 56,186 MT, followed by Colombia with 6,370 MT. The U.S. sugar tariff-rate quota (TRQ) is an important incentive for Peruvian exporters. The U.S. TRQ is distributed among the sugar mills by the Ministry of Agriculture, in coordination with the Peruvian Sugar and Biofuels Producers Association (APPAB). Due to increased production, sugar imports in CY 2012 are forecast to fall to 140,000 MT. With a market share of 46 percent, Colombia continued to be the lead sugar exporter to Peru in CY 2011. U.S. ? Peru Trade Promotion Agreement (TPA) The U.S. - Peru Trade Promotion Agreement includes five-year linear tariff reductions for glucose and fructose. These reductions start at a tariff level of 17 percent and 30 percent for glucose and fructose, respectively, with duty free access in six years. However, since the Agreement entered into force, Peru unilaterally eliminated import duties for sugar. Export Trade Matrix Country Peru Commodity Sugar, Centrifugal Time Period CY 2011 Imports from: U.S. 56,189 Others Colombia 6,370 Total for Others 6,370 Others not Listed 822 Grand Total 63,381 Policy: In April 2010, due to the unusual price increase of local sugar, when international sugar prices were falling, the government published a Supreme Decree declaring the sugar sector in emergency. What this means is that no sugar exports were allowed without previous clearance by the Ministry of Agriculture and making available government credit lines for importing sugar. However, no credit transaction was approved and the situation went back to normal in June. As a result of this situation, the Ministry of Agriculture established a sugar monitoring committee (Technical Group) to ?assess, evaluate and propose alternatives to improve the performance of the sugar industry.? This committee drafts a supply and demand report before approving shipments for export, including to the United States under the TRQ. The committee is formed by representatives of the Ministry of Agriculture and private sector. Sugar import tariffs into Peru come in duty free.
Posted: 27 April 2012