Challenging Year for Stone Fruit Production in Poland

An Expert's View about Pome Fruits (such as apples or pears) and Stone Fruits (such as peaches, cherries, etc.) in Poland

Posted on: 29 Jul 2012

In 2012, Poland’s stone fruit output is expected to decrease compared to the previous year,

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary Public - Date: 7/11/2012 GAIN Report Number: PL 1214 Poland Post: Warsaw Challenging Year for Stone Fruit Production in Poland Report Categories: Stone Fruit Approved By: Michael Henney, Agricultural Attaché Prepared By: Mira Kobuszynska, Agricultural Specialist Report Highlights: In 2012, Poland’s stone fruit output is expected to decrease compared to the previous year, 13 percent in case of cherries and plums, due to unfavorable winter and spring weather conditions. Strong domestic demand coupled with lower production is driving farm-gate prices higher, further challenging the country’s competitiveness in its key stone fruit export markets, for both fresh and processed cherry and plum products. Production: In 2012, total stone fruit production in Poland will decline as compared to the 2011 crop. Production of cherries is forecast at 185,000 MT, 13 percent lower the previous season. Industry projections are for sweet cherries output to decline more than for sour cherries (21 percent versus 12 percent). The 2012 plum harvest is expected to diminish to 80,000 MT, 13 percent down compared to the 2011 harvest. Production of other stone fruits, peaches and apricots, is expected to decline by about 50 percent, to 7,000 MT. The decline in 2012 stone fruit outputs is attributed to: heavy January frost without snow cover, weak fruit set, short flowering period of fruit trees and the lower activity of bees affected by unfavorable weather conditions. In the previous year fruit trees in some regions were cut down due to root system rot what resulted in orchard reduction both in size and number. The 2012/13 marketing year will be difficult for both processors and exporters as input demand will exceed supply of fruit. Supply shortages are already pushing up farm-gate prices making processors and traders concerned for the price competitiveness of their products both on the domestic and external markets. Cherries are the main stone fruits cultivated in Poland. In 2011, Polish stone fruit production ratios follow: sour cherry (55 percent), plums (29 percent), sweet cherry (12 percent), peaches (three percent), and apricots (one percent). In the EU, Poland is the leader in cherry production, with a one-third share of the total EU cherry production. Sweet cherry is a seasonal fruit consumed as fresh and unprocessed. Sour cherry is utilized principally by the processing industry (84 percent). The main sour cherry products are: frozen fruits, juice concentrates and jams or marmalade. Over 50 percent of industrial sour cherry consumption is frozen with almost 80 percent of frozen cherry directed to the foreign markets. Trade: Polish exports of fresh cherries and plums vary widely year to year. In 2011 fresh stone fruit exports (including intra EU-27 trade) amounted to 11,000 MT of cherries and 9,000 MT of plums, valued at US$16.8 and 8.2 million, respectively. Russia was the main importer of Polish fresh cherries, capturing 60 percent share in value, followed by Germany (14 percent). In 2011 frozen stone fruit exports reached 90,000 MT, valued at US$180 million. Germany consumed one third of the frozen cherry and plums Poland exported. Russia was the second largest importer at eight percent of share in value and over 20 percent in quantity. Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics : Poland Stone Fruits Production, in MT 2009 2010 2011 2012 f Sour cherry 189,200 147,200 175,000 155,000 Sweet cherry 50,500 40,100 38,000 30,000 Cherry total 239,700 187,300 213,000 185,000 Plums 120,700 83,800 91,800 80,000 Peaches 12,500 9,300 8,700 4,000 Apricots 5,200 3,400 4,000 3,000 Source: Polish Office of Statistics, 2012 f – Forecast, Institute of Agricultural Food Economics Poland Stone Fruit Area, in hectares 2010 2011 2012 f Sour cherry 33,000 34,000 35,000 Sweet cherry 12,000 11,600 10,000 Cherry total 45,000 45,600 45,000 Plums 17,900 20,200 20,000 Peaches 3,400 3,500 3,000 Apricots 1,700 1,700 1,400 Source: Polish Office of Statistics, 2012 f - Forecast of Institute of Agricultural Food Economics Poland Stone Fruit Yields, in MT per hectare 2010 2011 2012 f Sour cherry 4.46 5.15 4.42 Sweet cherry 3.34 3.29 3.00 Plums 4.69 4.53 4.00 Peaches 2.73 2.49 1.33 Apricots 2.00 2.35 2.14 Source: Polish Office of Statistics, 2012 f - Forecast of Institute of Agricultural Food Economics
Posted: 29 July 2012

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