Poland as a member of the European Union (EU) applies EU regulatory requirements for import of products of animal or plant origin.
THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY
USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT
GAIN Report Number: PL1201
FAIRS Export Certificate Report
FAIRS Export Certificate Report
Michael Henney, Agricultural Attache
Pawel Flakiewicz/Intern, Piotr Rucinski, Jolanta Figurska
Poland as a member of the European Union (EU) applies EU regulatory requirements for import of
products of animal or plant origin. The EU has harmonized export certification requirements for most
products. The few products not yet EU harmonized are subject to Polish national rules. The competent
Polish authority would need to be approached on a case-by-case basis to address requirements for non-
The EU requires products be accompanied by a sanitary-phytosanitary certificate at port of arrival. A
matrix for many required certificates specific for Poland is appended to this report.
This report should be read in conjunction with the EU-27 - Food and Agricultural Import Regulations
and Standards - Certification available via www.fas.usda.gov - Attaché Reports link.
Table of contents: Page
Section I. Export Certificates Required By Government (Matrix) …………… 2
Section II. Purpose of Specific Export Certificate(s) ………………………….. 3
Section III. Specific Attestations Required on Export Certificate(s) …………… 3
Section IV. Government Certificate’s Legal Entry Requirements ……………… 4
Section V. Other Certification/Accreditation Requirements ………………….... 4
Appendix I. Electronic Copy or Outline of Each Export Certificate …………….. 5
I. List of Required Export Certificates:
European Union (EU) legislation calls for many health and supervisory requirements that are meant to
guarantee that imports meet the standards of production in Member States.
The EU has established harmonized import requirements for animals and animal products applicable for
any Member State. The EU recognizes the U.S. as eligible to export all animal products to it. For
several products, the EU requires export establishments be pre-approved based on submissions made by
U.S. government. U.S. government agencies involved in defining EU eligible export establishments
are: the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS), the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
(APHIS), the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
Approved establishments may be subject to EU inspection. Lists of EU-approved animal and animal
product establishments are available on the USEU website at:
http://www.fas.usda.gov/posthome/useu/estab.html. The EU requires the animal or public health
certificate accompany each shipment and be signed and dated prior to shipment. The competent U.S.
certifying agent will delete any statement appearing on the EU model certificate that is not applicable.
The EU imposes a number of general requirements for all veterinary health certificates. Directive
2002/99/EC; Annex IV.6, stipulates that certificates must be issued before the consignments to which
they relate leave the control of the competent authority. Non-adherence to requirements of this directive
will lead to rejection of shipment at EU border entry point. For that reason, U.S. regulatory agencies
which issue veterinary health certificates (FSIS, APHIS and AMS) include this guidance specifically in
their export libraries.
The EU has harmonized import requirements for plants and plant products as well. Harmonized
requirements are published in a single directive. Unlike veterinary products, the EU employs only one
model certificate for all plants and plant products. This is consistent with international guidance as laid
out by the International Plant Protection Convention of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the
United Nations (website: http://www.ippc.int/IPP/En/default.htm). For the U.S., the APHIS issues the
required phytosanitary certificate with the requisite attestations to specific requirements of the EU.
EU certification requirements for some products may be partially or not harmonized. For such products
rules of the individual Member State would apply. The import agent should have some guidance to
provide on the Member State requirement for that product. If not, request guidance on current
requirements from the U.S. Embassy’s Agricultural Office. Note: U.S. regulatory agencies that issue
export certificates usually identify a Member State’s specific requirements in their export libraries and
As a member of the European Union Poland applies EU export certification requirements for products
imported. Required certificate details are set out in specific legislation, including veterinary health
certificate models to be used (links included at the end of this report). The European Union, including
Poland, does not specify a list of eligible plants or third country from which certain products are
permitted import from. Examples of such non-standard products include: meat of crocodiles, ants in
II. Purpose of the Export Certificates:
Poland, as a member of the EU, conforms to all EU regulations and directives. Therefore, it is
recommend that this report be read in conjunction with the EU Certification Guide, GAIN Report
E60015, date 3/23/2011, available at:
and Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards Report, GAIN Report E57011, date
12/27/2010, available at:
Both reports are consolidated EU-27requirements published by the US Mission to the EU in Brussels,
Belgium. These reports plus country specific reports can be accessed through the FAS website:
Poland’s State Veterinary Inspection (Główny Inspektorat Weterynarii) controls imports of products
from third countries. Contact information follows:
State Veterinary Inspection
30 Wspólna St.
00-930 Warszawa, Poland
Tel. +48 22 623 20 89
Fax. +48 22 623 14 08
III. Specific Attestation Required on the Export Certificate:
For the identity check of the shipment, the State Veterinary Inspection requires the seal number of the
container be printed on the veterinary certificate. A seal number on the Bill of Lading is not sufficient as
these can be easily re-issued by private companies. If no seal number is present on the certificate, a
physical check is necessary to verify the identity of the shipment.
For some veterinary certificates, additional statements (declaration of BSE / TSE) are now included.
Community legislation recently published notes this language is part of the model veterinary health
IV. Government Certificate Legal Entry Requirements:
According to the regulation of August 27th, 2003 on veterinary border inspection (Polish Journal of
Law 2003, no. 165, pos. 1590), product may be imported if:
1. It contains the original veterinary certificate drawn up in at least one of the official languages of
the border inspection and the country of final destination issued by the competent authority of
the country of origin
2. It is labeled in a way that can be identified
3. It comes from the lists published by the European Commission (in the case of products for which
import requirements are specified in the EU regulations):
a. list of third countries or their parts
b. list of institutions authorized to introduce the products into the EU
Veterinary border checks of consignments imported into the Poland is conducted by the General
Veterinary Inspector, in accordance with the Law of 29 January 2004 (Polish Journal of Law 2004 No.
V. Other Certification or Accreditation Requirement:
In accordance with Article 24, 2nd Act, from December 16, 2005 on products of animal origin (Polish
Journal of Law 2006, No. 17, pos. 127) General Veterinary Inspector is proper, competent authority in a
matter of settlements of veterinary requirements with a third country. Those specifications must be
executed in import from third countries, in extent not specified by the EU regulations.
Appendix I. Electronic Copy or Outline of Each Export Certificate:
[EU Brussels site: http://www.fas.usda.gov/posthome/useu/certificates-overview.html]
The following links contain most important samples of import certificates required for various products
and the list of third countries from which import of certain product is permitted (English version
Poultry, eggs and egg products:
Meat of wild mammals, farm rabbits:
Honey and apiculture products:
Milk and dairy products:
Processed stomachs, bladders and guts: