National Statistic Office estimates field vegetable production at nearly 4.4 million tons, tree fruit production at 2.9 million tons, and berry fruit production at over 0.5 million tons.
THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY
USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT
GAIN Report Number: PL1121
Poland?s Horticulture Production Update 2011-2012
Fresh Deciduous Fruit
Agriculture in the News
National Statistic Office estimates field vegetable production at nearly 4.4 million tons, tree fruit
production at 2.9 million tons, and berry fruit production at over 0.5 million tons. Vegetable and tree
fruit crops production is expected to be significantly higher than previous season; however final berry
fruit production is estimated to be lower due to smaller currants and strawberry crops earlier this
Vegetable growing conditions this year were very diverse and varied in different regions of the country.
Spring sowing of vegetables was generally delayed, and the initial plant growth started mostly in
unfavorable conditions (cold weather in April, frosts in early May, shortage of soil moisture in May and
June). Rainfall in July improved soil moisture significantly. Rainfall provided a positive boost for
vegetation growth early in July but then became excessive the latter half of the month crop, negatively
affecting quality of many vegetable plots. August and September brought drier weather, dramatically
improving conditions for growing vegetables thus salvaging quality of various varieties that had
suffered earlier. Total vegetable production is estimated at approximately 4.4 million tons, up from last
season as well as from the July estimate.
Conditions for fruit production were very different as well, depending on the region. High winter tree
losses due to freeze damage were recorded among peach, pear, cherry, and apple producers. In addition,
some low-lying orchards that had suffered flood damage the previous season were cut down due to root
system rot. Many cherry, plum, and sweet cherry orchards fell into this category. Fruit trees flowered
nicely in April but an early May freeze caused widespread damage to orchards across the country.
August and September brought favorable growing conditions for fruit trees throughout the country. Soil
moisture and favorable temperature supported good production of apples, pears, and plums. National
Statistic Office estimates tree fruit production at 2.9 million tons.
Commodity production estimates (in thousand tons) 2011/12
Tart cherry 175.0
Sweet cherry 40.0
TOTAL TREE FRUIT (incl. walnut, peach, apricot ) 2900.0
TOTAL BERRY FRUIT (incl. chokeberry, blueberry, gooseberry) 505.0
Carrot (edible) 820.0
Red beets 340.0
Other field vegetable 760.0
TOTAL FIELD VEGETABLE 4370.0
Based on data from Central Statistic Office, Warsaw, Poland (September 2011).