This report is an update of PO7007 and outlines the applicable legislation regarding the export of U.S. food products to Portugal, particularly those rules that differ from EU legislation or regulations.
THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY
USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT
Required Report - public distribution
GAIN Report Number: PT1106
Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards -
FAIRS Country Report
Robert Hanson ? Agricultural Attaché
Diogo Machado Mendes ? Agricultural Specialist
This report is an update of PO7007 and outlines the applicable legislation regarding the export of U.S.
food products to Portugal, particularly those rules that differ from EU legislation or regulations. This
report should be read in conjunction with the EU-27 Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION I. FOOD LAWS
SECTION II. LABELING REQUIREMENTS
SECTION III. PACKAGING AND CONTAINER REGULATIONS
SECTION IV. FOOD ADDITIVES REGULATIONS
SECTION V. PESTICIDES AND OTHER CONTAMINANTS
SECTION VI. OTHER REGULATIONS AND REQUIREMENTS
SECTION VII. OTHER SPECIFIC STANDARDS
SECTION VIII. COPYRIGHT AND/OR TRADEMARK LAWS
SECTION IX. IMPORT PROCEDURES
APPENDIX I ? GOVERNMENT REGULATORY AGENCY CONTACTS
APPENDIX II ? OTHER IMPORT SPECIALIST CONTACTS
DISCLAIMER: This report was prepared by the Office of Agricultural Affairs of the
USDA/Foreign Agricultural Service in Madrid, Spain for U.S. exporters of domestic food and
agricultural products. While every possible care was taken in the preparation of this report, information
provided may not be completely accurate either because policies have changed since its preparation, or
because clear and consistent information regarding these policies was not available. It is highly
recommended that U.S. exporters verify the full set of import requirements with their foreign customers,
who are normally best equipped to research such matters with local authorities, before any goods are
FINAL CUSTOMS CLEARANCE APPROVAL OF ANY PRODUCT IS SUBJECT
TO THE IMPORTING COUNTRY?S RULES AND REGULATIONS AS INTERPRETED BY
BORDER OFFICIALS AT THE TIME OF PRODUCT ENTRY.
Section I. Food Laws:
As a member of the European Union, the Government of Portugal applies EU regulations and
legislation, where available, regarding the importation of food, feed, feed ingredients and beverages.
Food laws of individual member states have mostly been fully harmonized into EU law. However, it
is important to note that when EU-wide legislation is incomplete or absent, Portuguese laws apply
and imported product must meet existing Portuguese requirements.
Until November 2011, the Ministry of Agriculture, Sea, Environment, and Land Planning
(MAMAOT) controlled imports of live animals and animal products through the Directorate General
of Veterinary (DGV) and of feed and plant products through the Directorate General for Agriculture
and Rural Development (DGADR). On November 3, 2011 the Council of Ministers approved the
new organic law of the Directorate General for Food and Veterinary (DGAV). This body -
previously the Directorate General of Veterinary (DGV) - gained a new mandate in the field of food
safety encompassing animal and plant health issues.
The enforcement of Food Safety laws is the responsibility of the Portuguese Food Safety and
Economic Agency (ASAE) within the Ministry of Economy. Food intended for human consumption
must meet the general food safety requirements of EU law.
Food and beverage products originating in the United States do not require any special Portuguese
permits and are not subject to special rules or regulations regarding retail sale in Portugal. However,
all products must comply with the generally applied rules and regulations required for any food and
beverage product sold within the EU market.
Please note: The following products sourced in the United States and imported into the EU must
originate from an EU-approved U.S. establishment -- red meat, meat products, farmed and wild game
meat, ratites, milk and milk products, seafood, bovine embryos and semen, porcine and equine
semen, gelatin and animal casings.
Section II. Labeling Requirements:
Portugal applies EU-harmonized legislation to:
General Labeling Requirements
GMO and Novel Foods Labeling
The Government of Portugal permits multi-language labeling and stickers; however, one of the
languages must be Portuguese. For detailed information on the EU-harmonized labeling legislation,
please consult the EU-27 FAIRS Report http://www.fas.usda.gov/posthome/useu/fairs.htmlwell as
the USEU website http://www.fas.usda.gov/posthome/useu/label.html.
Section III. Packaging and Container Regulations:
Portugal applies EU-harmonized legislation to packaging and containers. For detailed information
on the EU?s harmonized legislation on packaging and container regulations, please consult the EU-27
FAIRS Report http://www.fas.usda.gov/posthome/useu/fairs.html as well as the USEU website
Section IV. Food Additives Regulations:
Portugal applies EU-harmonized legislation regarding food additives. For detailed information on
the EU-harmonized legislation on food additive regulations, please consult the EU-27 FAIRS Report:
http://www.fas.usda.gov/posthome/useu/fairs.html as well as the USEU website
Section V. Pesticides and Other Contaminants:
Portugal strictly adheres to EU-harmonized legislation on pesticides and contaminants; however,
where the EU does not have a maximum residue level (MRL) for a given pesticide or specific
contaminant, Portuguese national limits are applied.
The complete list of MRLs, and commodity combinations allowed in the EU can be obtained from
the Commission?s webpage at http://ec.europa.eu/food/plant/protection/pesticides/index_en.htm
For detailed information on EU-harmonized legislation on pesticide and contaminant regulations,
please consult the EU-27 FAIRS Report http://www.fas.usda.gov/posthome/useu/fairs.html as well
as the USEU website http://www.fas.usda.gov/posthome/useu/pesticides.html.
Section VI. Other Regulations and Requirements:
The Portuguese Government applies EU-harmonized legislation for other related regulations and
requirements including product inspection, registration and certification.
For detailed information on certification, please consult the following websites:
Certificates for Plant Products - http://www.fas.usda.gov/posthome/useu/plantcertif.html
Certificates for Animal Products - http://www.fas.usda.gov/posthome/useu/certification.html
Certificates for Processed Foods - http://www.fas.usda.gov/posthome/useu/foodcertif.html
Section VII. Other Specific Standards:
For detailed information on the EU-harmonized legislation on other specific standards, please consult
the EU-27 FAIRS Report. Detailed information may also be obtained at the following links:
B. Novel Foods
C. Fortified Foods
D. Dietetic or Special Use Foods
E. Wine, Beer and Other Alcoholic Beverages
F. Organic Foods
G. Vertical Legislation (Breakfast Directives)
H. Beef Labeling
I. Egg Labeling
J. Frozen Foods
K. Irradiated Foods
L. Fruits and Vegetables
N. Pet Food
Section VIII. Copyright and/or Trademark Laws:
Portugal is signatory to the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property (WIPO), parties
to the Madrid Agreement on International Registration of Trademarks and Prevention of the Use of
False Origins. Both the Trademark and the Intellectual Property Laws address protection of brand
names and trademarks.
The regulations and standards covered under this section have been harmonized with the European
Union requirements. For detailed information on EU-harmonized legislation on pesticide and
contaminant regulations, please consult the EU-27 FAIRS Report. Also please refer to Council
Regulation 207/2009, which created a single, unitary trademark registration system for the entire
Protected Geographical Indications
Council Regulation 510/2006 lays down the rules on the protection of designation of origin and
geographical indications for agricultural products intended for human consumption (except wine and
spirit drinks which are covered by separate legislation). Commission Regulation 1898/2006
established detailed rules for the implementation of Regulation 510/2006. Under these regulations,
third country operators can submit registration applications directly to the Commission and can
object directly to new registrations. Guidelines for the registration of GIs by third country producers
are published on the Commission?s website at:
Lists of protected names by country, product type, registered name and name applied for are
available through the Commission?s online ?DOOR? (Database of Origin and Registration) database.
For detailed information on the EU-harmonized legislation on copyright and/or trademark laws,
please consult the EU-27 FAIRS Report as well as the USEU website
Section IX. Import Procedures:
Instructions for imports from third countries into Portugal of animals and animal products, given by
the Directorate General for Food and Veterinary (DGAV), former Directorate General for Veterinary
The imports of live animals to Portugal are subject to rules established by the EU legislation to that
effect, either relating to sanitary requirements or to the veterinary controls to be made at Border
Inspection Posts (BIP). Importing live animals also follows other import requirements, namely to
customs (DGAIEC), and to the Protection of Plant and Animal Species in Risk of Extinction ?
This information encompasses the Safeguard Measures that can forbid or restrict the imports of
certain live animals of certain third countries for reasons of animal or public health:
Birds other than cage birds: EU legislation applies. The DGAV keeps an updated list of
quarantine centers in Portugal;
Ornamental Fish: Only importers registered at the DGAV can import these animals.
Registration is made at the regional services DSVR\RA;
Reptiles destined to Commercial Operators: Only importers registered at the DGV can import
these animals. Registration and request for information on national rules for imports is made
Ungulate (Ruminants) destined to Zoos. Only zoo parks registered with DGAV can import
Other animals ? Consult the National Inspection Border Posts
Every living animal is subject to control when entering the EU. Please consult: Veterinary Controls
of Imports and Legislation Applied.
Food and By-Products of Animal Origin
The importation of products and by-products of animal origin to Portugal, Portugal being a member
of the EU, follows, in its majority, rules established by the EU legislation to that effect, either
relating to sanitary requirements or to the veterinary controls to be made at Border Inspection Posts
a) Harmonized products
Recognition of the right to export most products of animal origin destined for human
consumption to Portugal (meats, meat products, fishery products, dairy products, etc.) can be
checked at the EU list of third country establishments. The establishment where the product
originated must be in this list.
b) Non-harmonized products
Other animal origin food products, non-harmonized (like honey, snails, or frog legs, for
example) may not be in the EU lists without that meaning that its import is forbidden. This
will depend on multiple circumstances, and so it is recommended to consult the national
Border Inspection Posts.
c) Animal Origin Sub-products
The importation of by-products is regulated by Chapter VIII of the Regulation (CE) n
1774/2002 of the European Parliament and Council, of October 3rd 2002. It should always be
kept in mind that safeguard or emergency measures may apply that restricts imports for
animal or public health reasons.
Products and by-products of animal origin are subject to veterinary control on arrival to the EU.
Please consult: Veterinary Controls of Imports and Applicable Legislation. The importation of
products and by-products of animal origin obeys also to other import conditions, namely to customs
(Direcção das Alfândegas e dos Impostos Especiais sobre o Consumo), and to conditions relative and
to the Protection of Plant and Animal Species in Risk of Extinction ? CITES (Instituto da
Conservação da Natureza e da Biodiversidade ? ICNB). These rules don?t apply to products of
animal origin sent as Personal Consignements.
Food for Animals
The importation of food for animals from third countries, for utilization or entry into circulation, is
possible if these products comply with:
The requisites defined in the EU legislation for the establishment of norms concerning food
The conditions recognized by the EU to be, at least, equivalent;
When a specific agreement exists between the EU and the exporting country, the
requirements contained in that agreement.
On what concerns the importation of food for animals, the sector operators should ensure that the
establishments under their control are duly registered at the General Veterinarian Directorate (DGV),
in accordance with Article 9 of the Regulation (CE) n 183/2005 relative to the hygiene requirements
in food for animals.
The entry in the national territory of food for animals imported from third countries can only be done
through Entry Points - EP, designated at national level for food for animals of non-animal origin, or
through Border Inspection Posts (BIP), designated for animal origin food for animals.
The introduction in the national territory of food for animals imported from third countries should be
preceded by a previous notice, through the filling of Part I of the following templates:
a) Common Entry Document ? CED, for Food for Animals of non-animal origin. If the
imports from third countries of non-animal origin food for animals are destined to other
Member State(s), and Portugal is the first entry point in the EU, the Model 327/DGV should
be filled, as stated in Directive n 98/68/EC.
b) Common Veterinary Entry Document ? CVED, for Animal Origin Food for Animals. The
importation of Animal Origin By-Products and derivative products can occur if the
requirements established in Regulation (EC) n 1774/2002 of the European Parliament and
Council, of October 3rd, establishing the sanitary rules concerning animal by-products not
destined to human consumption.
Previous notice should be submitted with 48 hours antecedence (and never less than one working day
for seaports and 6 working hours for airports, in the case of animal origin food for animals), to the
email address email@example.com, or to the Fax (+351) 217808235 for non-animal
origin food for animals, or insertion in the TRACES System for the animal origin food for animals
for each consignment of food for animals. For import effects a consignment is considered to be a
given quantity of food for animals, belonging to the same lot or the same class and description, and
covered by the same document(s), sent through the same transport mean and coming from the same
third country or region thereof.
At arrival of the consignments the supporting document of previous notice should be showed to the
veterinary services at Entry Point or Border Inspection Posts, for its respective control.
Plants and Plant Products
The Directorate General for Agriculture and Rural Development (DGADR) is the regulatory agency
responsible for imports of plants and plant products. According to the information made available by
the DGADR these are the conditions for the importation of plants and plant products from third
The importation of a number of plants, plant products, and other materials originating in third
countries is prohibited (check the document ?Phytosanitary Guide to Imports (Portuguese)?).
Special Authorizations for the Importation of Forbidden Materials
By request of the different Member States and after a risk assessment by the remaining Member
States, a special authorization for the importation of certain plants and plant products from certain
origins can be issued (list of the current special authorizations). These derogations are generally
issued by a given time period and have attached certain restrictive and rigorous import conditions.
As to the importation of authorized products from third countries, the phytosanitary regulations
demand that certain plants, plant products, and other materials, are accompanied by a phytosanitary
certificate issued by the competent services of the country of origin (check the document
?Phytosanitary Guide to Imports (Portuguese)?), and that the respective importers are inscribed in the
The phytosanitary inspection of those materials is mandatory and should be done preferably at the
first external border, by the Official Services of Phytosanitary Inspection, the introduction in the EU
only being authorized when the result of the inspection indicates the fulfilling of the phytosanitary
requirements established. The greatest attention and care are given to these inspections in the face of
the risk associated with the introduction in the EU of new harmful organisms from third countries.
In exceptional cases the phytosanitary inspection of materials from third countries can be done in
inspection posts that are not those approved by the official services of phytosanitary inspection, as
long as certain conditions are satisfied (art. 18th of Decreto-Lei nº 154/2005).
First Steps to Enter the Portuguese Market
U.S. exporters interested in introducing a product into the Portuguese market should obtain local
representation and/or a local importer/distributor to gain knowledge of the market, up-to-date
information and guidance on trade laws and business practices, sales contacts, and market
development expertise. As local importers have primary responsible to the Portuguese Government
for imported food products entering Portuguese territory, they are in the best position to provide
guidance to U.S. exporters through the market-entry process. For more information please the
Portugal Exporter Guide Annual 2011 and the Portugal Food Processing Ingredients 2011.
The following documents are required for ocean or air cargo shipments of food products into
Bill of Lading and/or Airway Bill
Phytosanitary Certificate and/or Health Certificate when applicable
See ?SECTION VI. Other Regulations and Requirements?
Most food products require an Import Certificate issued by the competent Portuguese authorities.
This certificate must be obtained by the importer as it is intended for tariff classification purposes.
Temporary entry may be permitted for goods in transit (up to 24 months), manufacturing for re-
export, and/or for temporary storage. Generally, the exporter must pay normally applied import
duties and VAT, which are then reimbursed upon re-export of the merchandise to a destination
outside of the EU.
Samples and Advertising Material
Portugal grants duty free entry to giveaway samples if properly labeled. Samples are, however,
subject to the same import documentation requirements that apply to normal commercial imports.
They also require a nominal value for customs declaration purposes on the commercial invoice which
must carry the statement ?Samples without Commercial Value.?
For detailed information on the EU-harmonized legislation on import procedures, please consult the
EU-27 FAIRS Report at http://www.fas.usda.gov/posthome/useu/fairs.html.
Appendix I. Government Regulatory Agency Contacts:
Food Security and Economic Authority (ASAE)
Autoridade de Segurança Alimentar e Económica
Av. Conde de Valbom, 98
Tel. (+351) 217 983 600
Fax: (+351) 217 983 654
Directorate General for Food and Veterinary (DGAV, former DGV)
Direção Geral da Alimentação e Veterinária
Largo da Academia Nacional de Belas Artes, n.º 2
Tel. (+351) 21 3239500
Fax (+351) 21 3463518
The Council of Ministers gathered in 3 November 2011 approved the new organic law of the
Directorate General for Food and Veterinary (DGAV). This body - previously the Directorate
General of Veterinary (DGV) - gained a new remit in the field of food safety encompassing animal
and plant health issues.
Directorate General for Agriculture and Rural Development (DGADR)
Direcção Geral de Agricultura e Desenvolvimento Rural
Av. Afonso Costa, 3
Directorate General for Customs and Special Taxation on Consumption (DGAIEC)
Direcção Geral da Alfandega e Dos Impostos Especiais sobre o Consumo
Rua da Alfandega, No. 5 r/c
Directorate General for Customs and Special Taxation on Consumption (DGAIEC)
Direcção Geral da Alfandega e Dos Impostos Especiais sobre o Consumo
Direcção de Serviços do Licenciamentos (Import Certificates)
R. Terreiro do Trigo
European Union ? Delegation of the European Union to the United States
2300 M Street
NW, Washington, DC 20037
Tel.: (202) 862-9500
Fax: (202) 429-1766
United States Mission to the European Union
Office of Agricultural Affairs
27 Boulevard du Regent
Tel.: +32-2-508 2760
Fax: +32-2-511 0918
Appendix II. Other Import Specialist Contacts:
The USDA?s Foreign Agricultural Service Office for Spain and Portugal, located in Madrid, can also
assist U.S. exporters in obtaining specific national legislation on all food product directives. You
may contact us at the following address:
Foreign Agricultural Service
Office of Agricultural Affairs
American Embassy Madrid
C/ Serrano, 75 ? Box 20