This report is meant to describe the current status of biotech products in Romania. Commercial planting and field testing are both allowed. Draft law to impose a moratorium on biotech crops is under debate in the Romanian Parliament.
THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY
USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT
Required Report - public distribution
GAIN Report Number: RO1006
Agricultural Biotechnology Annual
This report is meant to describe the current status of biotech products in Romania. Commercial planting and field testing are
both allowed. Draft law to impose a moratorium on biotech crops is under debate in the Romanian Parliament.
Section I. Plant Biotechnology Trade and Production
Romanian farmers have accumulated large experience in planting biotech soybeans prior to membership to the European
Union (January 1-st 2007), which ended their access to this technology. In 2001, Romanian farmers planted 15,000 hectares
with biotech soybeans and the figure steadily climbed as farmers experienced the advantages of this new technology,
especially in response to Romania?s huge weed reserve. The area under soybeans in 2006 reached 190,000 HA, generating a
production of about 380,000 MT. Almost 70% of this area (130,000 HA) was planted with biotech soybeans.
Since the prohibition of biotech soybean planting, acreage covered with soybeans declined drastically, reaching in 2010 only
one third (64,000 HA) of the area planted in 2006, as farmers? interest is lower because of high production costs. A similar
soybean area is expected to be harvested in 2011.
Currently the only genetically modified (GM) crop under commercial cultivation in Romania is corn, MON 810, insect
resistant. According to recent data, farmers planted in 2011 an area of nearly 600 HA with biotech corn, for both
consumption and production of planting seeds, which is 28 percent drop compared to the previous year.
Since the domestic soybean production is insufficient, the feeding demand for livestock and poultry industry is covered from
imports of soybeans and soy meal, which reached in 2010 about 450,842 MT ($183 million), of which soybeans 435,000 MT
($175 million). Large biotech products producing countries are the major suppliers: Brazil (255,000 MT), Argentina (98,797
MT) and United States (20,613 MT). Other feed ingredients, such as Distilled Dry Grains Soluble (DDGS) and Corn Gluten
Feed (CGF) are accepted by the domestic industry in limited volumes (Romania imported 1,170 MT of CGF in 2010).
Field testing is allowed for biotechnology crops in Romania. Appendix 1 provides the list of companies authorized in 2010 to
conduct field trials in specific locations and for certain biotech events. The authorizations are valid in general for up to 5
years. Import permits for biotech products subject to those field trials are needed only for the first shipment of each product,
but an import approval has to be issued each year by the Ministry of Agriculture for the imported hybrids.
In 2011, seeds companies submitted several notifications for field testing for corn, sugar beet and plum trees (Appendix 2).
However, in the absence of a functional Biosafety Commission, these notifications have not been yet assessed, thus the
authorizations are pending until the Biosafety Commission becomes operational.
Section II. Plant Biotechnology Policy
Romania transposed the Directive 2001/18 regarding the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified
organisms through Emergency Ordinance 43/2007 (Law 247/2009) and Directive 90/219 referring to contained use of
genetically-modified micro-organisms through Emergency Ordinance 44/2007.
In addition to these, other major pieces of legislation were passed prior to accession in accordance with the country?s EU
accession commitments, especially related to traceability and labeling of food products derived from GMO, which are
Government Decision 173/2006 (transposing Regulation (EC) No 1830/2003) and Government Decision 256/2006
(transposing Regulation (EC) No. 1829/2003).
Order 55 regarding the national registry for information recordings on genetic modifications issued in 2007 by the Ministry
of Environment and Forests (MEF) is still valid. Order 471/2006 issued by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural
Development (MARD) amended Order no. 237/2006 concerning authorization of GM plants cultivators, while Government
Decision 497/2007 transposed the EC Regulation 1946/2003 on transboundary movements of genetically modified
The Regulatory Bodies
According to Emergency Ordinance 43/2007 (Directive 2001/18) regarding the deliberate release of GMOs in the
environment and on the market, the competent authorities in implementing and enforcing all activities related to the use of
GMOs, and all activities concerning the deliberate release of GMOs are:
1. the central public authority for environment protection - Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MEF), which
coordinates and ensures the application of precautionary principle to avoid potential adverse effects of GMOs on
human health and environment as a result of obtaining, using and commercializing these organisms
1. the Competent Authority (CA) which is in this case, the National Agency for Environment Protection (NAEP),
whose main responsibilities are:
receive, administer and assess the technical content of the notifications
consult with all responsible bodies including the Biosafety Commission
issue, revise, suspend or cancel authorizations/approvals
ensure there is a functional national laboratory for GMOs detection and determination
establish and administer the electronic registry for notifications, authorizations, approvals and their status
establish and administer the Registry for data on GMOs import, export and transit.
1. National Guard for Environment (NGE) is the control authority ensuring the right enforcement of this Directive
1. the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), the Sanitary-Veterinary and Food Safety National
Authority (ANSVSA), and the Ministry of Public Health (MPH) also have roles in implementing this Directive.
The Biosafety Commission (BSC) existed in Romania since 2002 as a scientific body with consultative role in assisting the
authorities in the decision-making process regarding the issuance of authorizations/notifications. In 2008, Ministry of
Environment issued Order 98, setting the main responsibilities of the Biosafety Commission, including the list of members.
BSC has the following major responsibilities:
scientifically assess the notifications in respect to risks on human health and environment;
issue a scientific approval; the notices and the minutes of their meetings are not confidential and they have
to be submitted to the CA, in both Romanian and English
work with the competent authority and other parties for drafting the necessary measures in case of major
risks and in case of safeguard clause
work with the central public authority for environment protection for designing policies and strategies
concerning biosafety and drafting new legislation.
Per the provisions of Law 247/2009, the following entities may advance nominations for the Biosafety Commission members
to the Ministry of Environment:
Romanian Academy for 3 members and one alternate
Academy for Agricultural Science for 3 members and one alternate
Academy of Medical Science for 3 members and one alternate
Universities and research institutes covering specific subject areas for 3 members and one alternate
Therefore the Ministry of Environment has to approve the new BSC members through a Ministerial Order based on the
nominations received. Currently the Biosafety Commission is not functional, and the approval of a new Commission is
Co-existence between biotech and non-biotech crops
The provisions of Emergency Ordinance 195/2005 concerning environment protection, approved through Law 265/2006 and
amended in 2008 by Emergency Ordinance 164/2008 are still valid.
According to Order 237/2006 issued by the Min. of Agriculture, biotech farmers have to avoid cross-contamination by
setting a minimum isolation distance between the biotech and conventional fields, according to the general regulations on
seeds certification. Farmers should also establish a ?buffer zone? and carefully plan the sowing season. In case of biotech
corn, per the provisions of Order 149/2010 concerning seeds commercialization issued by the Ministry of Agriculture, the
minimum isolation distance is 200 m. During harvesting, transportation and storage process farmers have to avoid
commingling GM seed with organic or conventional seeds through separate storage, through cleaning of machinery for
sowing and conditioning, cleaning transportation means, according to specific legislation on certified seeds. It is mandatory
that biotech farmers notify in writing both land owners and land users with plots near-by about their intention to cultivate
In October 2009, the competent authority for environment protection issued Order 1205 allowing the publication of detailed
information about the farmers planting biotech crops. The catalog is named ?National Register regarding the locations used
for deliberate release of GMOs into the environment?, with two sections, one for biotech crops intended for testing and one
for biotech crops intended for commercial use.
The register is publicly available on the website of Ministry of Agriculture. The register concerning the commercial biotech
fields provides the following data about the famers and the biotech seeds: 1. Year 2. Genetically modified organism: a)
species b) transformation event c) unique identification code d) other specific data 3. The owner of authorization for
commercial cultivation at European Community level 4. Information about the economic operator: name, address (premises
for commercial company, home address for individuals), fiscal accounting number / personal code 5. Locations
(locality/county) 6. Planted area (HA) 7. Information regarding the distances to conventional/organic crops 8. Information
concerning the authorization for commercial planting (validity term, provisions) 9. Monitoring report issued by the owner of
the authorization or other bodies in charge with monitoring. Similar information is published in the register concerning the
National legislation concerning GM labeling was fully brought in line with the EU requirements (Regulation (EC) No
1830/2003) through GOR Decision No. 173/2006. Romania adopted measures on thresholds for labeling, set at 0.9% for an
adventitious presence of an authorized GM in food or feed. Operators must demonstrate that the presence of GM material
was adventitious or technically unavoidable.
Animal feed, if produced from GM crops, is required to be labeled, according to GOR Decision 256/2006 in place starting
with January 1, 2007. Nevertheless, meat, milk or eggs obtained from animals fed with GM feed or treated with GM
medicinal products do not require GM labeling.
The GOR Decision 173/2006 represents the regulatory framework to ensure full traceability of biotech products in Romania.
According to this decision, all operators involved in this business along the commercial chain must transmit and retain
information about products that contain or are produced from GMOs at each stage of placing them on the market. Accurate
information concerning the presence of GMOs must be retained for five years. The regulation covers all products, including
food and feed, containing or derived from authorized GMOs.
Traceability elements are also provided in the Order 237 issued by MARD in 2006, amended by Order 471/2006. According
to this order, biotech farmers have to seek for authorization from the county office of MARD, for each plot intended to be
cultivated with GM crops. GM seeds are forbidden for cultivation in the near ?vicinity? of certified organic areas or areas
under the conversion process. The order does not define the term ?vicinity? though. The order also sets a minimum size of 2
HA for a field to be planted with biotech crops (except the field trials).
Biotech farmers can only use certified seeds. Upon sowing completion, within 7 working days, the farmers must report to the
county office of MADR facts on planted area, seeds source and the varieties used. A copy of their declaration should be
retained for 5 years. Similarly, upon harvesting completion, within 7 working days, the farmers must submit to the county
office of MADR data on production obtained and its purpose. When delivering the GM products further on the commercial
chain, farmers have to clearly specify on the accompanying documents and labels the GM product unique identifier and the
fact that the products are genetically modified.
According to Order 471/2006, farmers must submit to the county offices of MADR during the first 5 days of every month the
information concerning the buyers of the GM crop. These offices will provide before the date 15 of each month, information
on stocks, volumes delivered by each farmer, buyer information, and production destination to the county offices of NGE.
Order 471/2006 also provides a list of inspectors from the county offices of MADR officially certified to perform control
activity on the observance of legislation concerning GMOs.
Emergency Ordinance 43/2007 lays down the main phases of approval process for GMO deliberate release into the
environment for placing on the market or other purposes.
In case of deliberate release into environment for other purposes than marketing, the user shall submit a notification to the
CA, prior to deliberate release into the environment of any GMO or combination of GMOs. The notification content is in
details described by this Ordinance.
The authorization procedure starts when the notification is accepted. Within 10 days from that moment, the CA will send a
copy of notification to each of the authorities with roles in the approval process (MARD, ANSVSA, MPH, NGE) and to the
Biosafety Commission for an assessment. The European Commission is also entitled to receive a copy of notification. The
Biosafety Commission is expected to provide the CA and the other authorities involved in this process, a scientifically based
assessment within 60 days.
Upon receipt of the notification, and no later than 5 days, the CA allows public to comment on the notification for a period of
30 days. Within the next 10 days after the 30-day period is complete, the CA will inform the MEF and the other responsible
authorities, including the Biosafety Commission, about the public opinion.
Within 90 days from the start of authorization process, the CA will prepare an assessment report based on the scientific
statement of the Biosafety Commission, the input of the other authorities and the public comments. The assessment report
can make a favorable decision, in which case an authorization is issued, or an unfavorable decision, in which case, no
authorization is granted.
Every year, no later than December 15, the user will submit to the regulators a report with the findings of the deliberate
release of GMO into the environment during that year.
Orders 838/2005 and 606/2005 issued by the Ministry of Environment describing the Monitoring Plan and the format for
presenting the results of the monitoring activity remain in place in case of deliberate release for other purpose than market
placing. The monitoring activity will follow clear procedures and will be conducted according to a plan submitted by the
notifier and can be carried out for restricted use and/or after obtaining the approval for GMO release into the environment or
placing it on the market. If new information appears as a result of the monitoring, this should, by default, be incorporated
into future risk assessment studies.
Order 838/2005 issued by the Ministry of Environment describes the Monitoring Plan, which is part of the notification
dossier and includes three sections: Monitoring strategy, Monitoring Methodology and Assessment, reporting, reassessment.
The notifier should submit the Monitoring reports to Ministry of Environment, which will forward them to the EU
Commission and other competent authorities. The notifier is responsible for ensuring transparency in the monitoring plan
results through workshops, dissemination of materials, webpage publications, and scientific and commercial magazines.
Order 606/2005, fully transposing Commission Decision no. 2003/701/EC, approves the format (template) for presenting the
results of the monitoring activity.
Various government agencies play different roles in enforcing the current legislation related to the national biosafety system.
The following authorities bear responsibilities for inspection and control activities:
1. The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MEF) ? through the National Guard for Environmental (NGE), as NGE
is in charge with enforcing the whole package of environmental protection legislation (via inspection and control).
2. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), in which several departments with official inspection
and control capacity have responsibilities related to GMOs, such as the Division for Agricultural Policies
Implementation - with roles in authorizing local GMO plantings and in gathering information about biotech farmers
per provisions of Order 237/2006 and the National Inspection for Seed Quality and the State Institute for Variety
Trials and Registration (Romanian acronym ISTIS) that investigates from the technical point of view the varieties
for which requests have been made to be registered in the Variety Register and the Official Variety Catalogue.
3. The Veterinary and Food Safety National Authority (ANSVSA). With respect to GMOs, ANSVSA is involved in (i)
endorsing approvals for GM products from the perspective of assessing potential risks to human and animal health;
(ii) exerting control regarding the enforcement of food and feed traceability requirements.
4. The National Authority for Consumer Protection (NACP), which checks on the enforcement of food product
labeling requirements in order to ensure that correct, complete and accurate information is provided to consumers,
including products containing or consisting of GMOs.
Several laboratories are operational and able to perform tests for GMOs detection. The National Reference Laboratory for
GMO testing is the Molecular Biology and GMO Unit, part of the Institute for Diagnosis and Animal Health (IDAH) for
food and feed. There are several other laboratories accredited or on the course of accreditation for performing detection tests
either for planting seeds (for the purpose of seeds certification) or for co-existence rules.
Intellectual Property Rights
This aspect is regulated in Romania via a number of laws and Government Decisions: Law 285/2004 on copyright and
connected rights, Government Decision 1424/2003 for approving the National Strategy in Intellectual Property Rights with
amendments in 2005, Government Decision 573/1998 concerning the Organization of the State Office for Inventions and
The State Office for Inventions and Trademarks was until July 2011 the authority where plant companies could have applied
for protecting their plant varieties. Information regarding the steps to be undertaken by any party interested to apply for a
patent is still available on the OSIM website (www.osim.ro), although starting with July 2011, ISTIS is the body responsible
for protecting the crop varieties (www.istis.ro).
In respect to the biotech seeds available for cultivation (MON 810 corn), unlike before 2007 when royalties were not
collected for biotech soybean technology, farmers purchasing these biotech seeds are presently paying a ?technology fee? to
Proposal for a moratorium on biotech crops cultivation
In May 2010, the National Liberal Party introduced in the Parliament a draft law intended to prohibit biotech crops planting
in Romania for 5 years. About 78 members of the Romanian Parliament signed on the draft, out of total number of 471. The
first chamber to discuss the proposal was the Senate, and Romanian Senate rejected the initiative in November 2010.
Presently the draft is under debate within the Chamber of Deputies. The draft includes two parts: (1) prohibition of biotech
crops cultivation; (2) labeling of food products containing GM ingredients or originating from animals fed with GM feed.
Although in another form, the labeling issue has been subject to debate twice so far in the Parliament and it was rejected both
times, in 2008 and 2010. According to the previous proposal, the label would have contained the warning ?Attention, this
product contains genetically modified organisms? written in black color inside a yellow spot. This warning should cover
30% of the total surface of the product. The Romanian Government did not support the proposal arguing that EU biotech
legislation is already in place in Romania and imposing national labeling rules would be discriminative and would
contravene to EU Treaty provisions.
This is the first time when an initiative prohibiting biotech crops cultivation reaches the Parliament level. Ministry of
Environment had a similar initiative in 2008, but the favorable resolution issued that time by the Biosafety Commission for
biotech corn prevailed.
The perspective of placing a moratorium on biotech crops prompted a strong reaction from agricultural producers united
under LAPAR organization. In an open letter sent to the Romanian President, LAPAR criticized the proposal to prohibit the
biotech crops cultivation while allowing the consumption at EU level. In an attempt to make the Romanian authorities be
more responsible, LAPAR asked the President to support the ban on biotech foods derived from biotech crops at EU level,
including imports, if they assess them as harmful for human and animal health. LAPAR warned further that the hostile
attitude to agricultural biotechnology will lead to a further expansion of idle fields, already reaching a considerable
percentage in the total arable land.
Section III. Plant Biotechnology Marketing Issues
Given the weight of Romania?s votes in the Council of the European Union, Romania?s stance on Biotech products became
an important topic for debate in circles of scientists, farmers and industry representatives as well as media players.
Over time, the Minister of Agriculture, Valeriu Tabara, expressed in numerous occasions his views regarding the need to
modernize agriculture and advocated for farmers? access to better technologies in agriculture. Green organizations criticized
the Minister for being a supporter of agricultural biotechnology, thus AgMinister stated that the biotechnology decisions for
which Ministry of Agriculture is responsible are science-based and in line with the Scientific Opinion issued by the European
Food Safety Authority. Moreover, country position is drafted after consultation with other involved authorities, such as Food
Safety Authority, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Consumer Protection Authority and European Affairs Department.
As a reaction to this criticism, over 50 farmers? associations from both crop and animal sectors publicly asked the Prime-
Minister and the President to support the AgMinister in regard to his efforts for advancing biotech crops. In their view,
biotech crops represent a mean to guarantee incomes and protect environment, bringing to economy total savings of 1 billion
EURO/year along the whole commercial chain (farmer to consumer). With another occasion, farmers reiterated their wish to
cultivate biotech soybeans, which may lead to higher productivity and pollution diminution because of the lower chemicals
Under the pressure of ecological group, some mayors declared the territory under their jurisdiction ?GMO free-areas?. Most
of these areas are located in regions less favorable for agriculture or represent municipalities with no agriculture on large-
scale. Declarations referring to ?GMO-free areas? and the statements that trade and cultivation are prohibited inside those
areas have only an intimidating purpose since such initiatives should be notified to the EU Commission (if fully in
accordance with the EU legislation).
In terms of education, various stakeholders organizing conferences on agriculture often introduce Agriculture Biotechnology
as a major topic. Most of the debate lies in the fact that Romania is not allowed to plant biotech soybeans (as it did prior to
EU accession), while the livestock industry becomes a large user of imported biotech soybeans. The number of media
channels organizing events concerning the use of biotechnology has been steadily growing.
In addition to conferences, a growing number of articles are written on this topic. Specialized agricultural magazines are
more prone in publishing facts about biotech crops and imported volumes, while among regular dailies, only several convey
to their readers a complete set on information about modern technologies in agriculture. It is obvious there is a need for
further education in this field, and that will be meaningful especially in the current context of the EU allowing Member
States to decide on biotech crops cultivation on their own territory, which is expected to intensify the public debate on this
Section IV. Plant Biotechnology Capacity Building and Outreach
In March 2009, Jack Bobo, the Dept. of State advisor on Biotech visited Romania to meet with Romanian government
officials concerning the benefits of agricultural biotechnology. Mr. Bobo participated in a round-table with officials from
several agencies to discuss biotech safety and was interviewed by few journalists.
In January 2011, United Soybean Board (USBB) conducted a very successful one-day trip in Romania, as a result of the very
dense schedule and diversity of people the delegates met. USB discussed with their interlocutors about the impact of the EU's
biotech policy on European agriculture and soybeans imports, as well as about the biotech crops in the pipeline that will
bring benefits to consumers. Romanian livestock producers were concerned about possible interruptions in soybean trade,
while farmers were looking forward to re-gaining the access to biotech soybeans for cultivation. The visit was widely
covered in specialized agricultural magazines.
In April 2011, the Romanian Academy jointly with the Academy for Agricultural Science and Forestry published their point
of view concerning the biotech products, emphasizing that these are products are safe for consumption. The document
includes a list of projects conducted by various entities in Romania, such as Agricultural Universities, World Bank,
AgroBiotechRom Association has been funded as a voice of the producers and users of agricultural biotechnology in
Romania, having as member biotech seeds companies, farmers and representatives of the academic environment. The role of
the association is to increase awareness among consumers related to benefits of biotechnology in health, agriculture and
industry sectors and to support the expansion of biotechnology utilization in Romania, given its potential for better
productivity and less use of resources.
V. RELEVANT REFERENCES
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
24 Bd. Carol I, sector 3
020921 Bucharest, Romania
Phone: +40 21 3072300 +40 21 3072345 +40 213078500
Fax: +40 21 3078685
Web site: http://www.madr.ro
National Authority for Environment Protection
294 Splaiul Independentei, sector 6
060031 Bucharest, Romania
Phone: +40 21 2071101 +40 21 2071127
Fax: +40 21 2071133
National Guard for Environment
78 Unirii Blvd., Bl. J2, sector 3
Phone: +40 21 3268970
Fax: +40 21 3268971
The National Sanitary-Veterinary and for Food Safety Authority
37 Dudului Street, sector 6
060603 Bucharest, Romania
Phone: +40 374 150200
Fax: +40 21 3124967
The Ministry of Public Health
1-3 Cristian Popisteanu Str., sector 1
010024 Bucharest, Romania
Phone: +40 21 3072500 +40 21 3072600
Fax: +40 21 3141526
Web site: http://www.ms.ro
The National Authority for Consumers Protection
72 Blvd. Aviatorilor, sector 1
Phone: +40 372 131951
Fax: +40 21 3143461
Web site: www.anpc.ro
The National Customs Authority
13 Matei Millo St. Sector 1
Phone: +40 21 3155858 +40 21 3155859
Fax: +40 21 3138251
Web site: www.customs.ro
The State Institute for Variety Trials and Registration
61 Marasti Blvd. Sector 1
Phone: +40 21 3184380
Fax: +40 21 3174442
Institute for Diagnosis and Animal Health (IDAH)
63 Dr. Staicovici Street Sector 5
050557 Bucharest Romania
Phone: +40 374 322013
Fax: +40 21 4113394
59 Marasti Blvd. Sector 1
Phone: +40 721 070095
Web site: www.agrobiotechrom.ro
United States Department of Agriculture
Economic Research Service
1800 M Street NW
For further information on this report, please contact the following office in Bucharest:
Foreign Agricultural Service Bucharest
American Embassy, Romania
7-9 Tudor Arghezi St.
Phone: 40 21 2003374
You can also visit the FAS website to read previous GAIN reports produced by the FAS/Bucharest office and the US EU
Table of Approved Biotechnology Products in Romania for testing (2010)
Crop Trait Category Applicant(s) Transformation Trait Description Approved
Corn/ Staked genes Monsanto MON-89034-3 x Glyphosate tolerant and Field
Zea NK 603 (Herbicide resistance to Lepidoptere Trials
mays L. Tolerance and insects
Corn/ Staked genes Monsanto MON-89034-3 x Glyphosate tolerant and Field
Zea MON-88017-3 (Herbicide resistance to Lepidoptere Trials
mays L. Tolerance and and Coleoptere insects
Corn/ Staked genes Pioneer 1507 x NK 603 Glyphosate Ammonium Field trials
Zea (Herbicide and Glufosinate - tolerant
mays L. Tolerance and and Lepidopteran insects
Insect Resistance) resistant
Corn/ Staked genes Pioneer NK 603 x MON810 Glyphosate tolerant and Field trials
Zea (Herbicide Lepidopteran insects
mays L. Tolerance and resistant
Corn/ Herbicide Pioneer NK 603 Glyphosate tolerant Field
Zea Tolerance Trials
Corn/ Herbicide Monsanto NK 603 Glyphosate tolerant Field
Zea Tolerance Trials
Corn/ Herbicide Limagrain VCO-01981-5 Glyphosate tolerant Field trials
Zea Tolerance Central Europe
mays L. SE France
Table of Biotechnology Products notified (authorizations pending ) for field testing in Romania (2011)
Crop Trait Category Applicant(s) Transformation Trait Description Approved
Corn/ Zea Herbicide Monsanto NK 603 Glyphosate tolerant Field
mays Tolerance Trials
Sugar Herbicide Monsanto H7-1 Glyphosate tolerant Field
Beet/Beta Tolerance Trials
Plum Virus resistant Research and PPV Plum pox virus Field
tree/Prunus Development resistant Trials
Prunus Station Bistrita
Corn/ Zea Insect resistant Pioneer Hi-Bred DAS-59122-7 Resistance to Field
mays L. Seeds Agro Coleoptere insects Trials
Corn/ Zea Staked genes Pioneer Hi-Bred DAS-59122-7 x Glyphosate tolerant Field
mays L. (Herbicide Seeds Agro 7-DAS01507-1x and resistance to Trials
Tolerance and MON 603 Coleoptere insects