Recycling and Waste Management Opportunities in Romania

An Expert's View about Waste in Romania

Posted on: 28 Sep 2010

Due to continuous growth of the generated waste and the modernisation process which sets out new rules on waste management, the Romanian waste management market is an emerging sector.

Sector briefing Recycling and Waste Management Opportunities in Romania Why Romania? ?The Romanian waste management market is an emerging sector, due to two factors: continuous growth of the quantity of generated waste and the modernisation process which sets out new rules on waste management? Mr. Viorel Marcu, Head of the Romanian Association for Solid Waste Management stated. The inadequate waste management practices, inherited from the past and still in place in Romania, have lead to a large number of non- compliant waste landfills and to the inadequate disposal of considerable quantities of waste. culture, potential opportunities and an Moreover, Romania faces infringement introduction to other relevant issues. measures as a result of failing to comply with the European regulations on landfilling. In order for Romania to meet the European ?The Romanian waste management legislation approximately ?1.17 bn are market is an emerging sector, due to estimated to be directed to waste management two factors: continuous growth of and recycling between 2007-2013, out of which the quantity of generated waste and ?930 mil are via EU funds. the modernisation process which You can find general information on Romanian sets out new rules on waste market conditions on UKTI?s website. The management.? Doing Business Guide for Romania gives an overview of Romania?s economy, business UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Recycling and Waste Management opportunities in Romania Other provisions of the Landfill Directive Opportunities No 1999/31/EC The biodegradable municipal waste going to A significant problem in Romania, identified landfills must be reduced to 50% of the total before and after joining the EU regarding amount (by weight) of biodegradable municipal environmental protection, is waste waste produced in 1995, by 2013. management and recycling. Key areas of intervention - Development The most frequent method of waste disposal of integrated waste management systems remains landfill. Selective collection is done and extension of waste management only in certain pilot centres and most of the infrastructure recyclable materials are lost to landfill. Only a The operations to be developed under this key small proportion is utilised as a secondary raw area of intervention will finance the following material and recycled. activities: - Acquisition and installation of selective Key issues: collection systems; Municipal waste management mostly - Construction of sorting, recycling and inadequate: composting facilities; - only 0.25% of the total municipal waste - Acquisition of waste transport vehicles; collected is reused, while over 99% is land - Construction of municipal waste disposal fill; facilities and transfer stations; - a large number of non-compliant landfills, - Recovery of gas from landfills, where most of them illegal; 236 landfills of the appropriate; 251 registered municipal landfills in urban - Construction of adequate facilities for areas do not comply with EU environmental municipal hazardous waste (medical waste, standards; electric and electronics waste, etc.) and - there are no organised waste management other specific municipal waste streams services in the majority of rural areas, this (construction and demolition waste, etc.); leads to a high number of unauthorised - Closure of non-compliant landfills; landfills (approx. 2,700 small dumping - Technical assistance for project sites); preparation, management and supervision, - the main method of waste disposal remains publicity and awareness campaigns (on landfill; only a small proportion is utilised selective collection, sorting, recycling, as a secondary raw material and recycled. composting), institutional governance Transitional periods for compliance with improvement, tendering and selection of Landfill Directive No 1999/31/EC by 2017 for waste services operators. certain types of waste landfills: - Supply of equipment and technology, such - municipal landfills ? transition periods by as: waste sorting, separating and shredding 2017; technologies; - temporary storage of industrial hazardous waste ? 2009; Institutional background - industrial non-hazardous waste landfills ? The Ministry of Environment and Forests transition periods by 2013. ( is responsible for drawing up Romania?s environmental protection Of 177 municipal landfills, 30 (around 490 ha) strategy, sectoral & inter-sectoral policies, are situated in urban areas and must cease preparing and enacting legislation and for landfill by 2013. Also, for closure of 101 non- overall co-ordination. The Ministry is also compliant waste landfills type b in urban areas, responsible for monitoring progress and the gradual transition periods were granted during level of compliance with environmental 16 July 2009 ? 16 July 2017. protection laws; this includes ensuring (and reporting to the EC) that timely progress is Other transitions were agreed for certain being made towards meeting the commitments targets involving packaging waste by 2013, made by Romania within the negotiation which aims to considerably reduce the quantity process of Chapter 22 of the Acquis of waste to be land filled. Communautaire. These cover areas such as control of industrial pollution, water quality, waste management, air quality and land decontamination. UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Recycling and Waste Management opportunities in Romania Current situation - Waste Management A forecast on municipal waste generation and Recycling in Romania carried on the basis of the prognosis regarding A key problem in Romania as regards population demographics in inhabited areas, environmental protection is the management of and taking into account the increase of waste. This covers activities including consumption of goods by population, is collection, transport, treatment, recovery and presented in the National Waste Management disposal of waste. Data regarding the Plan. It estimates an average increasing ratio management of waste in Romania is a of 0.8%/year by 2013 of municipal waste distinguished by two main categories: quantities. - Municipal waste and similar waste from commercial activities, industry and In urban areas municipal waste management is institutions, construction and demolition carried out through specialised services waste and sludge resulted from the urban belonging to the municipalities or through wastewater treatment plants; sanitation companies. - Production waste. In rural areas, there are no organised services The mining industry is not regulated through for waste management, the transportation of the EO No 78/2000 on waste, approved by Law waste to dumping sites being made individually No 426/2001. For this type of waste, specific by each generator. Only a limited number of regulation will be allowed in order for Directive rural localities are covered by organised 21/2006 to apply to mining waste. Mining Law services for waste management. This is No 85/2003 regulates the mining activity and especially true for rural localities situated in the the responsible authorities for these issues are neighbourhood of urban centres. Ministry of Economy, Commerce and Business Environment, National Agency for Mineral The waste types representing municipal waste Resources, National Agency for the are managed differently, according to their Development of Mining Areas. characteristics and the generated quantities. The National Waste Management Plan, Out of the total municipal waste, around 40% approved by GD No 1470/2004, presents a of the municipal waste components are detailed analysis of waste management in recyclable materials out of which about 20% Romania, prevention measures of waste can be recovered, as they are not production and of waste quantities reduction; contaminated. As a result of selective collection recycling methods and the list of monitoring through pilot projects, only 2% of the total indicators. recyclable materials generated are recovered. The rest is disposed through landfill, thus The National Plan also includes adequate losing large quantities of secondary raw actions and measures for compliance with the materials and energetic resources. Community acquis in the waste management field. In the last few years, private sector operators started activities for cardboard and PETs Through agreement of Community and supported collection. In some localities, the Romanian legislation, the Regional Waste activity of placing certain ?deposit/collection Management Plans transpose, at regional level, points? where the population can deposit (with the objectives of the National Waste or without remuneration) wastepaper, Management Plan. cardboard, glass, plastic has started. In Romania, there are authorised institutions for These documents promote cooperation the glass, paper and cardboard and plastic between local and county authorities in order industry, which have started to take control of to create and develop an integrated waste waste from the collection points in order to management system to replace the current recycle and/or recover. In some cities, pilot system, which is inefficient, both from an stations for biodegradable waste composting economic and environment protection point of have been set up. view. In this way, suitable solutions are being identified, adjusted to the needs of the regions, Landfill is the main method for municipal waste to assure the fulfilment of national targets and disposal, but the vast majority of landfills are the commitments that Romania undertook for not compliant with EU regulations. Chapter 22 ? Environment. UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Recycling and Waste Management opportunities in Romania The investment costs necessary to ensure of medical hazardous waste, a part - about compliance of the existing municipal landfills 3,000 t/year - will be disposed of by have been estimated at Euro 1,775 million. incineration and the rest will be disposed of Among the EU countries that choose landfill as through thermal sterilisation. the main method for waste disposal, according to Eurostat data, Romania seems to have the If you have any questions on the opportunities lowest percentage of municipal waste landfills above, contact the UKTI contacts named in this as controlled landfills. The high number of non- report. Business opportunities aimed complying landfills causes this situation. specifically at UK companies are added daily to UKTI?s website. These leads are sourced by our During EU accession negotiations for staff overseas in British Embassies, High environment, Romania was required to cease Commissions and Consulates, across all sectors activity at 137 landfills in urban areas covering and in over 100 markets. about 427 ha by 16 July 2009 and at 101 municipal waste landfills, representing about You can be alerted to business opportunities on 301 ha, between 16 July 2009 and 16 July a regular basis by registering on the UKTI 2017. website. Find out more on UKTI?s business opportunities service on the UKTI website Apart from the landfills in urban areas in Romania there are 2,686 dumping sites in rural areas, the most having a surface of around 1 ha. The closure and cleaning of these should have been completed by 16 July 2009, in parallel with the extension of collection services in rural areas, the organisation of transport and transfer systems and construction of regional landfills. Due to the fact that these requirements were not fulfilled, Romania is now facing infringement measures. The quantity of construction and demolition waste during the 1990s generated in Romania was relatively small. An increase in quantity was recorded as a result of the significant development of the construction sector. A systematic approach for recovery of demolition and construction waste has not yet been established, including a strategy for asbestos removal. Production waste is represented by industrial and agricultural waste, including that resulting from energy production processes. Production waste disposal remains the responsibility of the producers and they invariable dispose of waste themselves or through contracting the services of specialised companies. Presently, there are very few companies that deal with production waste management. The services they provide are limited as far as the types of waste and processing capacities are concerned. Hazardous medical waste is disposed of in crematories, direct incinerations and thermal treatment installations. It is estimated that, due to the separate collection of certain types UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Recycling and Waste Management opportunities in Romania Major events and activities UKTI contacts Raluca Tudor Water and Environment Mission to Senior Trade Adviser Romania British Embassy Bucharest Contact: UKTI Bucharest Tel: +40 21 201 7368 Email: Email: Time: 6-10 December 2010 Luiza Gavrila Trade Development Adviser Ecomediu British Embassy Bucharest Tel: +40 21 201 7260 tg=12 Email: Contact: Expo Arad International Email: Time: November 2010 Romenvirotec Contact: Romexpo Romania Email: Time: March 2011 New export events are added daily to the site and you can register to be alerted to them on a daily, weekly or monthly basis. UKTI?s Tradeshow Access Programme (TAP) provides grant support for eligible Small & Medium Sized Enterprises (SME's) to attend trade shows overseas. Find out more about UKTI support for attendance at overseas events. UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Recycling and Waste Management opportunities in Romania Next steps - How UKTI can help ? Arranging appointments British companies wishing to develop their ? Organise seminars or other events for business in the Romanian market are advised you to meet contacts and promote your to undertake as much market research and company in the Romanian market planning as possible in the UK. UKTI?s team in Romania, with its wide local knowledge and This work is available via our Overseas Market experience, can provide a range of services to Introduction Service (OMIS) a chargeable British-based companies wishing to grow their service which assists British-based companies business in global markets. wishing to enter or expand their business in overseas markets. This can include: ? Provision of market information To find out more about commissioning this ? Validated lists of agents/distributors work, or accessing other UKTI services and ? Key market players or potential specialist advice, please visit the UKTI website customers in the Romanian market to find contact details for your local UKTI ? Establishment of interest of such office. contacts in working with you Whereas every effort has been made to ensure that information provided through this document is accurate, these Commercial Departments, UKTI, the FCO and BIS accept no liability for any errors, omissions or misleading statements in such information and accept no responsibility as to the standing of any firm, company or individual mentioned. Any party interested in the goods or services provided by any company referred to in this material should undertake their own research and should not consider a reference in this material to be an endorsement of any goods, services or companies mentioned. Published 2010 by UK Trade & Investment. Crown Copyright © UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Recycling and Waste Management opportunities in Romania
Posted: 28 September 2010

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