Customs Union Technical Regulation on Safety of Packaging

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Posted on: 11 Sep 2012

The Technical Regulation on Safety of Packaging (TR CU 005/2011) is a key CU regulation covering standards and requirements for packaging, including that of food products.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary Public - Date: 29.08.2012 GAIN Report Number: RS1253 Russian Federation Post: Moscow Customs Union Technical Regulation on Safety of Packaging Report Categories: FAIRS Subject Report Sanitary/Phytosanitary/Food Safety Policy and Program Announcements Approved By: Christopher Riker Prepared By: Staff Report Highlights: The Technical Regulation (TR) of the Russia-Kazakhstan-Belarus Customs Union (CU) on Safety of Packaging (TR CU 005/2011) is a key CU regulation covering standards and requirements for packaging, including that of food products, produced both as a finished product and as part of the products’ manufacturing process. The TR was adopted by the CU Commission decision No. 769 of August 16, 2011, and has been in effect since July 1, 2012. Table of Contents General Information .......................................................................................................................... 2 CU Commission Decision No. 769 of August 16, 2011........................................................................... 3 Technical Regulation of the Customs Union on Safety of Packaging ...................................................... 5 Foreword ...................................................................................................................................... 5 Article 1. Scope of Application ........................................................................................................ 5 Article 2. Definitions ...................................................................................................................... 6 Article 3. Market Circulation Rules .................................................................................................. 7 Article 4. Ensuring Compliance with Safety Requirements ................................................................ 7 Article 5. Safety Requirements ....................................................................................................... 7 Article 6. Requirements for Marking of Packaging (Closures) .......................................................... 10 Article 7. Confirmation of Compliance .......................................................................................... 11 Article 8. Marking with the Unified Mark of Products Circulation on the Market of the Customs Union Member-States ........................................................................................................................... 12 Article 9. Safeguard Clause ........................................................................................................... 12 Annex 1. Sanitary and Hygienic Safety Indicators and Standards for Substances Migrating from Packaging (Closures) that Come into Contact with Food Products ...................................................................... 13 Annex 2. List of Simulation Media Used for Testing of Packaging (Closures) ........................................ 31 Annex 3. Numeric, Letter Designation (Abbreviation) of Material from which Packaging (Closures) is Produced ....................................................................................................................................................... 33 Annex 4. Pictographs and Symbols Printed on the Marking of Packaging (Closures) ............................. 35 List of Standards containing the rules and methods of examination (testing) and measurement, including the rules for selection of samples required for application and meeting of the requirements of the Technical Regulation “On Safety of Packaging” (TR TS 005/2011) and carrying out of assessment (confirmation) of products’ conformity ....................................................................................................................... 36 List of standards, voluntary application of which ensures compliance with the requirements of the Technical Regulation of the Customs Union “On Safety of Packaging” (TR TS 005/2011) ..................................... 47 General Information The Technical Regulation (TR) of the Russia-Kazakhstan-Belarus Customs Union (CU) on Safety of Packaging (TR CU 005/2011) is a key CU regulation covering standards and requirements for packaging, including that of food products, produced both as a finished product and as part of the products’ manufacturing process. The TR was adopted by the CU Commission decision No. 769 of August 16, 2011, and has been in effect since July 1, 2012. Below is an unofficial translation of the following: - CU Commission Decision No. 769 of August 16, 2011, as amended; - CU Technical regulation on Safety of Packaging (TR CU 005/2011), as amended, with four annexes - Two Lists of applicable Standards CU Commission Decision No. 769 of August 16, 2011 On Adoption of the Technical Regulation of the Customs Union “On Safety of Packaging” (as amended by Decision of the Eurasian Economic Commission’s Collegium No. 93 of June 22, 2012) In accordance with Article 13 of the Agreement on common principles and rules of technical regulation in the Republic of Belarus, Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation of November 18, 2010, the Commission of the Customs Union (hereinafter – the Commission) has decided to: 1. Adopt the Technical Regulation of the Customs Union "On Safety of Packaging" (TR TS 005/2011) (attached). 2. Approve: 2.1. The list of standards voluntary application of which ensures compliance with the requirements of the Technical Regulation of the Customs Union “On Safety of Packaging” (TR TS 005/2011) (attached); 2.2. List of Standards containing the rules and methods of examination (testing) and measurement, including the rules for selection of samples required for application and meeting of the requirements of the Technical Regulation of the Customs Union “On Safety of Packaging” (TR TS 005/2011) and carrying out of assessment (confirmation) of products’ conformity (attached). 3. Establish that: 3.1. the Technical Regulation of the Customs Union “On Safety of Packaging” (TR TS 005/2011) (hereinafter – the Technical Regulation) shall come into force on 1 July 2012; 3.2. the documents on assessment (confirmation) of compliance with the statutory requirements established by the legislation of the Customs Union member-states or the regulations of the Customs Union, issued or adopted in relation to goods which are subjects of the technical regulation of the Technical Regulation (hereinafter – the products), before coming into force of the Technical Regulation are valid until the expiration of their validity, but no later than February 15, 2014, except for such documents that were issued or adopted prior to the date of official publication of the present Decision, which shall be valid until the expiry of their validity. From the date of entry into force of the Technical Regulation issuance or adoption of the documents for assessment (confirmation) of conformity of the products to the mandatory requirements that were previously established by the legislation of the Customs Union member-states or the regulations of the Customs Union, is not allowed; 3.3. Until February 15, 2014, the production and release into circulation of products in accordance with the mandatory requirements that were previously established by the legislation of the Customs Union member-states or the regulations of the Customs Union, is allowed if documents on assessment (confirmation) of conformity of the products to the specified regulatory requirements, issued or adopted before the effective date of the Technical Regulation, are available; The above products shall be marked with a national mark of conformity (a mark of circulation on the market) in accordance with the legislation of the Customs Union member-states or the Commission Decision No. 386 of 20 September 2010; Marking of such products with a unified mark of circulation on the market of the Customs Union member-states is not allowed; 3.3-1. Until January 1, 2013, the production and release into circulation on the customs territory of the Customs Union of the products, which were not subject to the mandatory assessment (confirmation) of conformity in accordance with the legislation of the Customs Union member-states or the regulations of the Customs Union prior to the date of entry into force of the Technical Regulation, is allowed without the documents on assessment (confirmation) of conformity and without marking with a national mark of conformity (a mark of circulation on the market); 3.4. Circulation of products released into circulation during the period of validity of the documents on assessment (confirmation) of conformity, stated in subparagraph 3.2 of this Decision, as well as the products, stated in subparagraph 3.3-1 of this Decision, shall be permitted during the period of shelf life (operating life) of the products, established in accordance with the legislation of the Customs Union member-states. 4. The Secretariat of the Commission in cooperation with the Parties shall prepare a draft action plan needed to implement the Technical Regulation, and within three months from the date of entry into force of this Decision ensure its submission for the Commission’s approval in the prescribed manner. 5. The Belarusian Party, with the participation of the Parties, on the basis of the monitoring of the standards’ application to ensure the preparation of proposals to update the Lists of standards referred to in paragraph 2 of this Decision and their submission to the Secretariat of the Commission for approval in due course at least once a year from the date of entry into force of the Technical Regulation. The Commissioners of the Customs Union: From the Republic of From the Republic of from the Russian Belarus Kazakhstan Federation Technical Regulation of the Customs Union on Safety of Packaging TECHNICAL REGULATION OF THE CUSTOMS UNION ON SAFETY OF PACKAGING ТR TS 005/2011 Approved by the CU Commission Decision No. 769 of August 16, 2011 (as amended by Decision of the Eurasian Economic Commission’s Council No. 35 of June 15, 2012) Foreword 1. The present Technical Regulation has been developed in accordance with the Agreement on the Unified Principles and Rules of Technical Regulation in the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Kazakhstan, and the Russian Federation of November 18, 2010. 2. The present Technical Regulation has been developed for the purpose of establishing unified requirements for packaging (closures), mandatory for application and execution on the customs territory of the Customs Union, ensuring free movement of packaging (closures), released into circulation on the customs territory of the Customs Union. 3. In case there are other technical regulations of the Customs Union in respect of packaging (closures), which establish requirements for packaging (closures), packaging (closures) shall meet requirements of all the applicable technical regulations of the Customs Union. Article 1. Scope of Application 1. The present Technical Regulation shall cover all types of packaging, including closures, constituting ready-made products, released into circulation on the customs territory of the Customs Union, irrespective of the country of origin. 2. Only requirements of Articles 2, 4, 5, Clauses 1, 2 of Article 6, and Article 9 of the present Technical Regulation shall be applicable to all types of packaging (closures) manufactured by the products’ manufacturer, packaged during the manufacturing process of such products released into circulation on the customs territory of the Customs Union. 3. The present Technical Regulation shall establish requirements, which are mandatory for application and execution on the customs territory of the Customs Union, for packaging (closures) and requirements related thereto for the processes of storage, transportation, and disposal, for the purpose of protection of human life and health, property, environment, life and health of animals and plants, as well as prevention of actions confusing the consumers of packaging (closures) in respect of its intended use and safety. 4. Packaging shall be classified according to the used materials into the following types: metal; polymeric; paper and cardboard; glass; wooden; composite; textile; ceramic. 5. Closures shall be classified according to the used materials as follows: metal, cork, polymeric, composite, and cardboard. 6. The present Technical Regulation shall not cover packaging for medical devices, medicines, pharmaceutical products, tobacco products, and hazardous goods. Article 2. Definitions The following terms and definitions shall be used in the present Technical Regulation of the Customs Union: identification – the procedure of referring packaging (closures) to the scope of application of the present Technical Regulation and establishing correspondence between the actual characteristics of packaging (closures) and the data contained in the technical documentation (including supporting documents) thereto; manufacturer (producer) – a legal entity or a natural person acting as an individual entrepreneur, performing on its behalf production and (or) release into circulation of packaging (closures), and responsible for compliance thereof with the safety requirements of the present Technical Regulation; importer – a resident of the Customs Union member-state, who entered into foreign trade agreement on transfer of packaging (closures) with a non-resident of the Customs Union member-state, and who sells and (or) uses packaging (closures) and is responsible for compliance thereof with the safety requirements of the present Technical Regulation of the Customs Union; marking of packaging (closures) – information in the form of signs, labels, pictographs, symbols, printed on the packaging (closures) and (or) supporting documents for identification and informing of consumers; reusable packaging – packaging designated for repeated use; simulation medium – a medium, simulating characteristics of food products; circulation on the market – processes of packaging (closures) transfer from the manufacturer to the consumer (user), which the packaging (closures) undergoes after completion of its manufacture; consumer packaging – packaging, designated for sale or primary packaging of products sold to the final consumer; intended use – use of packaging (closures) in accordance with its designation, determined by the manufacturer; type of packaging (closures) – a classification unit, classifying packaging (closures) according to material and structure; standard sample – a packaging (closure) sample, selected from a group of homogeneous products manufactured from the same materials, using the same technology, of the same structure and meeting the same safety requirements; transport packaging – packaging, designated for storage and transportation of products with the purpose of their protection from damage during transportation, constituting an independent transport unit; closure – an item designated for closing of packaging and preservation of its content; packaging – an item used for placement, protection, transportation, loading and unloading, delivery, and storage of raw materials and ready-made products. packaging material – material, designated for manufacturing of packaging. Article 3. Market Circulation Rules 1. Packaging (closures) shall be released into circulation on the customs territory of the Customs Union provided it has undergone the required procedures of assessment (confirmation) of compliance, established by the present Technical Regulation as well as by other technical regulations of the Customs Union applicable to packaging (closures). 2. Packaging (closures), the compliance of which with the requirements of the present Technical Regulation is not confirmed, shall not be marked with a unified mark of products circulation on the market of the Customs Union member-states and shall not be accepted for circulation on the customs territory of the Customs Union. Article 4. Ensuring Compliance with Safety Requirements 1. Compliance of packaging (closures) with the present Technical Regulation shall be ensured either directly by meeting the requirements thereof or by fulfillment of the standards’ requirements, the application of which on a voluntary basis ensures meeting the requirements of the present Technical Regulation, and standards containing rules and methods of examination (testing) and measurement, including the rules for selection of samples required for application and meeting of the requirements of the present Technical Regulation and assessment (confirmation) of compliance of products (hereinafter referred to as the standards). Fulfillment of these standards’ requirements on a voluntary basis testifies to the compliance of packaging (closures) with the requirements of the present Technical Regulation. 2. The list of standards specified in Clause 1 of this Article shall be approved by the Customs Union Commission. Article 5. Safety Requirements 1. Packaging (closures) and processes of its storage, transportation, and disposal shall correspond to the safety requirements of the present Article. 2. Packaging (closures) shall be designed and manufactured so as to ensure minimization of risks conditioned by the structure of packaging (closures) and applied materials when used as intended. 3. Safety of packaging shall be ensured by the set of requirements for: applied materials that come into contact with food products, in respect of their sanitary and hygienic indicators; mechanical indicators; chemical resistance; hermeticity. 4. Packaging that comes into contact with food products, including baby food, shall meet the sanitary and hygienic indicators specified in Appendix 1. Terms and conditions of simulating of sanitary and chemical examinations of packaging are specified in Appendix 2. 5. Packaging, designated for packaging of food products, including baby food, perfumes and cosmetics, toys, products for children, shall not emit substances into the simulation and air media that come into contact therewith in the amount which is harmful for people, exceeding the maximum permissible levels of migration of chemical substances. 6. Packaging shall satisfy the safety requirements specified in Clauses 6.1 – 6.8 of the present Article in respect of the mechanical indicators and chemical resistance (if they are preconditioned by the structure and intended use of packaging): 6.1. Metal packaging: - shall ensure hermeticity with excess internal air pressure; - shall withstand the compression force in the vertical axis direction of the packaging body; - the inner coating shall be resistant to the packaged products and (or) withstand sterilization or pasteurization in simulation media; - shall be corrosion-resistant. 6.2. Glass packaging: - shall withstand the inner hydrostatic pressure depending on the main characteristics and intended use; - shall withstand changes in temperature without disintegrating; - shall withstand the compression force in the vertical axis direction of the packaging body; - glass water resistance shall be not lower than 3/98 class (for food products, including infant food, perfumes and cosmetics); - shall be acid-resistant (for jars and bottles for conservation, food acids and infant food); - shall not be repeatedly used for contact with infant food. 6.3. Polymeric packaging: - shall ensure hermeticity; - shall withstand a set quantity of hits in free fall from a height without disintegrating (for closured items, except for perfumes and cosmetics); - shall withstand the compression force in the vertical axis direction of the packaging body (except for packets and sacks); - shall not undergo deformation or crack under hot water (except for packets and sacks); - the packaging handles shall be safely fixed to it and support an established load; - the packaging weld and glue joints shall not leak water; - shall withstand the established static load when being stretched (for packets and sacks); - the packaging inner surface shall be resistant to the effect of the packaged products. 6.4. Paper and cardboard packaging: - shall withstand a set quantity of hits in free fall from a height without disintegrating; - shall withstand the compression force in the vertical axis direction of the packaging body 6.5. Composite packaging: - shall be hermetical (when closures are available) and ensure the set strength of the joints; - shall be moisture resistant; - the inner coating surface shall not be acidized; - the packaging inner surface shall be resistant to the effect of the packaged products. 6.6. Textile packaging: - shall withstand a set quantity of hits in free fall from a height without disintegrating; - shall withstand a set breaking load; 6.7. Wooden packaging: - shall withstand a set quantity of hits in free fall from a height without disintegrating; - shall withstand a set quantity of hits on the horizontal and inclined planes; - shall withstand the compression force in the vertical axis direction of the packaging body; - wood moisture level shall correspond to the established level. 6.8 Ceramic packaging: - shall be water resistant. 7. Safety of closures shall be ensured by a number of requirements for: applied materials, contacting with food products, according to sanitary and hygienic indicators; hermeticity; chemical resistance; safe opening; physical and mechanical indicators. 8. Closures contacting with food products, including infant food, shall correspond to the sanitary and hygienic indicators specified in Appendix 1. Terms and conditions of simulating of sanitary and chemical tests of closures are specified in Appendix 2. Closures, contacting with food products, including infant food, perfumes and cosmetics, shall not emit substances into the simulation media contacting therewith in the amounts that are harmful for human health, exceeding the maximum permissible levels of chemical substances migration. 9. Closures shall satisfy the safety requirements provided for by Clauses 9.1 – 9.4 of this Article according to their physical and mechanical indicators and chemical resistance: 9.1. metal closures: - shall ensure hermeticity of packaging (except for caps for perfumes and cosmetics, muzzle, clamps); - lids for conservation shall be heat resistant; - torque effect when opening screw closures shall satisfy the established requirements; - glue joint of crimping and rolling caps shall be strong; - crown caps shall withstand the inner hydrostatic pressure; - shall be corrosion-resistant; - lacquer coating of the inner surface of the cap and the sealing gasket shall be resistant to the simulation media during the processes of pasteurizing and sterilization. 9.2. polymeric and composite closures: - shall ensure hermeticity of packaging (except for caps of thermosetting, rolling valves, dispensers-stoppers, dissectors, sealing gaskets, closing lids) in the set exploitation conditions; - torque effect when opening screw lids and caps shall satisfy the established requirements; - closures designated for closuring of sparkling (champaign) and carbonated wines shall stand the inner hydrostatic pressure; - glue joint of crimping and rolling caps shall be strong; - sealing gaskets shall not laminate; - the quantity of polymer fluff shall not exceed the allowed amount; - lids for conservation shall be heat resistant; - lids for conservation shall be resistant to acid solutions. 9.3. Cork closures: - shall ensure hermeticity of packaging; - the moisture level of corks and sealing gaskets shall satisfy the established requirements; - tensile strength at the torsion of agglomerated and assembled corks shall satisfy the established requirements; - agglomerated and assembled corks shall withstand water boiling without disintegrating or cracking; - capillarity of the side surface shall satisfy the established requirements; - the quantity of the polymer fluff of natural, colmated, agglomerated, and assembled corks shall not exceed the allowed amount. 9.4. Cardboard closures: - shall be resistant to simulation media effect; - shall not laminate into their components. 10. Test protocols, confirming compliance of the packaging (closures) types of the packaged products manufactured by the packaged products producer in the process of manufacturing of such products with the requirements of Clauses 1-9 of this Article, shall be included in the package of confirmation documents, assembled when compliance of the packaged products is being confirmed. 11. Requirements for the processes of packaging (closures) circulation on the market (of storage, transportation, recycling): 11.1. packaging (closures) shall be stored in accordance with the requirements of regulatory and (or) technical documents for certain types of packaging (closures). 11.2. packaging (closures) shall be transported by all types of transport in accordance with shipping rules; 11.3. used packaging (closures) shall be recycled according to procedures established by the legislation of the Customs Union member-state in order to ensure cost-effective use of resources and prevent environmental contamination; 11.4. in case it is impossible to recycle the packaging (closures), consumers shall be duly informed thereof by means of respective marking. Article 6. Requirements for Marking of Packaging (Closures) 1. Marking shall contain information required for identification of material from which the packaging (closures) is made, and information about the possibility of recycling thereof and informing of consumers. 2. Marking shall contain digital and (or) letter designation (acronym) of material from which the packaging (closure) is made in accordance with Appendix 3, and shall contain pictographs and symbols in accordance with Appendix 4: figure 1 - packaging (closures) designed for contact with food products; figure 2 - packaging (closures) for perfumes and cosmetics; figure 3 - packaging (closures) not designed for contact with food products; figure 4 – possibility of recycling of the used packaging (closures) - Möbius strip. 3. Information on packaging (closures) shall be given in supporting documents and shall contain: name of the packaging (closures); information on designation of packaging (closures); conditions of storage, transportation, possibility of recycling; processing method (for reusable packaging); name and location of the manufacturer (producer), contact information; name and location of the authorized person of the manufacturer, importer, contact information (if any); manufacture date (month, year); storage life (if established by the manufacturer (producer). 4. Information shall be given in Russian and in state language(s) of the Customs Union member- state in the presence of the respective requirements of the legislation(s) of the Customs Union member- state(s). Article 7. Confirmation of Compliance 1. Packaging (closures) shall be confirmed to comply with the requirements of the present Technical Regulation before release in free circulation on the customs territory of the Customs Union. 2. Confirmation of compliance of packaging (closures) with the requirements of the present Technical Regulation is binding and shall be made as a declaration of compliance according to the following schemes: 2.1 3D, 4D, 5D schemes - for the packaging (closures) designed for packing of food products, including infant food, perfume and cosmetics having direct contact with the packed products, toys and goods for children, having direct contact with the child's mouth (in case of packaging (closures) of different materials, standard sizes, thickness of the used materials, tests can be performed on standard patterns with specific features of the packaging (closures) type); 2.2 1D and 2D schemes - for the packaging (closures) not specified in Sub-clause 2.1. hereof (in case of packaging (closures), having different materials, standard sizes, thickness of the used materials, tests can be performed on standard patterns with specific features of the packaging (closures) type). 3. Declaration of compliance of commercially produced packaging (closures) shall be performed either by the manufacturer or by a person authorized by the manufacturer. Declaration of compliance of a batch of packaging (closures) shall be performed by the manufacturer (a person authorized by the manufacturer), the importer. 4. Identification of the packaging (closures) during declaration of compliance with the requirements of the present Technical Regulation shall be made by the manufacturer (a person authorized by the manufacturer), the importer. 5. Issuance of the declaration of compliance includes the following procedures: - generation and analysis of regulatory and technical documentation; - performance of tests; - generation of a package of confirmation documents; - issuance and registration of the declaration of compliance; - putting of the unified mark of products circulation on the market of the customs union member- states. 6. When declaring compliance the manufacturer (a person authorized by the manufacturer), the importer shall prepare confirmation documents independently in order to confirm the compliance of the packaging (closures) with the requirements of the present Technical Regulation. 7. Confirmation documents for issuance of a declaration of compliance shall include: - protocol(s) of tests performed by the manufacturer (a person authorized by the manufacturer), the importer and (or) the accredited testing laboratory (center) included into the Unified Register of Certification Authorities and Testing Laboratories (Centers) of the Customs Union, confirming compliance with the declared requirements (provided that not more than one year passed after execution of the protocol(s); - list of standards the requirements of which shall be complied with by the packaging (closures), from the List of standards specified in Clause 2, Article 4; - description of the made technical decisions confirming fulfillment of the requirements of the present Technical Regulation in case the standards specified in Clause 2, Article 4 are missing or were not applied; - other documents confirming compliance of the packaging (closures) with the requirements of the present Technical Regulation, including compliance certificate for the management system or the management system assessment certificate (protocol) (if any), compliance certificate(s) for a certain type of packaging (closures) (if any), compliance certificate(s) or protocols of tests for materials (if any). 8. Declaration of compliance shall be executed according to the unified form approved by decision of the Customs Union Commission. Declaration of compliance shall be subject to registration in accordance with the legislation of the Customs Union. 9. Declaration of compliance shall be executed for a certain name of packaging (closures) or for a group of packaging (closures) manufactured from the same materials and having the same design, and meeting the same safety requirements. 10. The package of confirmation documents stipulated by Clause 7 of this Article, together with the declaration of compliance shall be stored with the manufacturer (a person authorized by the manufacturer), the importer within the period established by the legislation of the Customs Union. 11. Declaration of compliance of packaging (closures) shall be issued for up to 5 years for commercially produced products. Declaration of compliance for a batch of packaging (closures) shall be issued without indication of its period of validity. Declaration of compliance for a batch of packaging (closures) shall be valid only for the packaging (closures) of the certain batch. Article 8. Marking with the Unified Mark of Products Circulation on the Market of the Customs Union Member-States 1. Packaging (closures), which complies with the requirements of the present Technical Regulation and which has received confirmation of compliance in accordance with Article 7 of the present Technical Regulation, shall be marked with the unified mark of products circulation on the market of the Customs Union member-states, which shall be put on the supporting documentation. 2. Marking with the unified mark of products circulation on the market of the Customs Union member-states shall be made by the manufacturer, a person authorized by the manufacturer, the importer, before placing the product on the market. 3. Packaging (closures) shall be marked with the unified mark of products circulation on the market of the Customs Union member-states in case of its compliance with the present Technical Regulation, and other applicable technical regulations of the Customs Union. Article 9. Safeguard Clause 1. The Customs Union member-states shall take all measures for the restriction, ban on release of the packaging (closures) into free circulation on the customs territory of the Customs Union, and withdrawal from the market of the packaging (closures), not complying with the requirements of the present Technical Regulation and other technical regulations of the Customs Union, applicable to the packaging (closures). Annex 1. Sanitary and Hygienic Safety Indicators and Standards for Substances Migrating from Packaging (Closures) that Come into Contact with Food Products TR TS 005/2011 Annex 1 to Technical Regulation of the Customs Union on Safety of Packaging Sanitary and Hygienic Safety Indicators and Standards for Substances Migrating from Packaging (Closures) that Come into Contact with Food Products Table 1 Name of the Material of Controlled Permis- Max. Cla Max. Cla Products Indicators sible Perm ss Permis- ss Qty of is- of sible of Chemi- sible Ha- Concen- Ha- cal Sub- Conc zar trations, zar stance en- d Daily d migra- tratio *** Average,m *** tion, ns in ** g/m3 in ** mg/l Potab atm. Air le Wate r, mg/l 2 3 4 5 6 7 1. Polymer materials and plastics produced on their basis 1.1. Polyethylene Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 (high-pressure Acetaldehyde -- 0.200 4 0.010 3 polyethylene, Ethyl acetate 0.100 -- 2 0.100 4 low density polyethylene), Hexane 0.100 -- 4 -- -- polypropylene, copolymer of propylene with Heptane 0.100 -- 4 ethylene, Hexane -- -- -- 0.085 3 polybutylene, Heptane -- -- -- 0.065 3 polyisobutylene, Acetone 0.100 -- 3 0.350 4 composite mate Alcohols: rials based on polyolef methyl 0.200 -- 2 0.500 3 ins propyl 0.100 -- 4 0.300 3 isopropyl 0.100 -- 4 0.600 3 butyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 3 isobutyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 4 1.2. Polystyrene plastic: 1.2.1. Bulk-polymerized Styrole 0.010 -- 2 0.002 2 polystyrene, impact- 2 3 4 5 6 7 resistant Alcohols: methyl 0.200 -- 2 0.500 3 butyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 3 Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 Benzene -- 0.010 2 0.100 2 Toluene -- 0.500 4 0.600 3 Ethylbenzene -- 0.010 4 0.020 3 1.2.2. Copolymer of Styrole 0.010 -- 2 0.002 2 styrole with acrylonitrile Acrylonitrile 0.020 -- 2 0.030 2 Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 Benzaldehyde -- 0.003 4 0.040 3 1.2.3. ABS resin Styrole 0.010 -- 2 0.002 2 (acrylonitrile butadiene Acrylonitrile 0.020 -- 2 0.030 2 styrole plastic) Alpha- -- 0.100 3 0.040 3 methylstyrene Benzene -- 0.010 2 0.100 2 Toluene -- 0.500 4 0.600 3 Ethylbenzene -- 0.010 4 0.020 3 Benzaldehyde -- 0.003 4 0.040 3 Xylols 0.010 -- 2 0.002 2 (isomer mixture) 1.2.4. Copolymer of Styrole 0.010 -- 2 0.002 2 styrole with Methylmethac 0.250 -- 2 0.010 3 methylmethacrylate rylate Methanol 0.200 -- 2 0.500 3 Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 1.2.5. Copolymer of Styrole 0.010 -- 2 0.002 2 styrole with Methylmethac 0.250 -- 2 0.010 3 methylmethacrylate rylate and acrylonitrile Acrylonitrile 0.020 -- 2 0.030 2 Methanol 0.200 -- 2 0.500 3 Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 1.2.6. Copolymer of Styrole 0.010 -- 2 0.002 2 styrole with Alpha- -- 0.100 3 0.040 3 alpha-methylstyrene methylstyrene Benzaldehyde -- 0.003 4 0.040 3 Acetophenone -- 0.100 3 0.003 3 1.2.7. Copolymers of Styrole 0.010 -- 2 0.002 2 styrole with butadiene Butadiene -- 0.050 4 1.000 4 Acetaldehyde -- 0.200 4 0.010 3 Acetone 0.100 -- 3 0.350 4 2 3 4 5 6 7 Alcohols: methyl 0.200 -- 2 0.500 3 butyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 3 Xylols -- 0.050 3 0.200 3 (isomer mixture) 1.2.8. Foamed poly Styrole 0.010 -- 2 0.002 2 styroles Benzene -- 0.010 2 0.100 2 Toluene -- 0.500 4 0.600 3 Ethylbenzene -- 0.010 4 0.020 3 Cumene -- 0.100 3 0.014 4 (isopropyl benzol) Methanol 0.200 -- 2 0.500 3 Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 1.3.Polyvinyl chloride Acetaldehyde -- 0.200 4 0.010 3 plastic Acetone 0.100 -- 3 0.350 4 Vinyl chloride 0.010 -- 2 0.010 1 Alcohols: methyl 0.200 -- 2 0.500 3 propyl 0.100 -- 4 0.300 3 isopropyl 0.100 -- 4 0.600 3 butyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 3 isobutyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 4 Benzene -- 0.010 2 0.100 2 Toluene -- 0.500 4 0.600 3 Zinc (Zn) 1.000 -- 3 -- -- Tin (Sn) -- 2.000 3 -- -- Dioctylphthal 2.000 -- 3 0.020 -- ate Dibutylphthal Not allowed ate Vinyl acetate -- 0.200 2 0.150 3 1.4. Polymers on the Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 basis of vinyl acetate and de Acetaldehyde -- 0.200 4 0.010 3 rivants: polyvinyl acetate, polyvinyl alcohol, Hexane 0.100 -- 4 -- -- copolymer Heptane 0.100 -- 4 -- -- break-up of vinyl acetate with dibutyl maleate 1.5. Polyacrylates Hexane 0.100 -- 4 -- -- Heptane 0.100 -- 4 -- -- Acrylonitrile 0.020 -- 2 0.030 2 Methylacrylat -- 0.020 4 0.010 4 e 2 3 4 5 6 7 Methylmethac 0.250 -- 2 0.010 3 rylate Butyl acrylate -- 0.010 4 0.0075 2 1.6. Polyorganosiloxane Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 (silicone) Acetaldehyde -- 0.200 4 0.010 3 Phenol 0.050 -- 4 0.003 2 Alcohols: methyl 0.200 -- 2 0.500 3 butyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 3 Benzene -- 0.010 2 0.100 2 1.7. Polyamides 1.7.1. Polyamide 6 E-caprolactam 0.500 -- 4 0.060 3 (polycaproamide, capron) Benzene -- 0.010 2 0.100 2 Phenol 0.050 -- 4 0.003 2 1.7.2. Polyamide 66 Hexamethylen 0.010 -- 2 0.001 2 (polyhexamethylenedypa e-diamine mi Methanol 0.200 -- 2 0.500 3 de, nylon) Benzene -- 0.010 2 0.100 2 1.7.3. Polyamide Hexamethylen 0.010 -- 2 0.001 2 610(polyhexamethylenese e-diamine bacamide) Methanol 0.200 -- 2 0.500 3 Benzene -- 0.010 2 0.100 2 1.8. Polyurethanes Ethylene -- 1.000 3 1.000 -- glycol Acetaldehyde -- 0.200 4 0.010 3 Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 Ethyl acetate 0.100 -- 2 0.100 4 Butyl acetate -- 0.100 4 0.100 4 Acetone 0.100 -- 3 0.350 4 Alcohols: methyl 0.200 -- 2 0.500 3 propyl 0.100 -- 4 0.300 3 isopropyl 0.100 -- 4 0.600 3 Benzene -- 0.010 2 0.100 2 Toluene -- 0.500 4 0.600 3 1.9. Polyethers: 1.9.1. Polyethylene Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003* 2 oxide Acetaldehyde -- 0.200 4 0.010 3 1.9.2. Polypropylene Methyl -- 0.100 3 0.070 4 oxide acetate Acetone 0.100 -- 3 0.350 4 2 3 4 5 6 7 Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 Acetaldehyde -- 0.200 4 0.010 3 1.9.3.Polytetramethylene Propyl 0.100 -- 4 0.300 3 oxide alcohol Acetaldehyde -- 0.200 4 0.010 3 Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 1.9.4. Polyphenylene Phenol 0.050 -- 4 0.003 2 oxide Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 Methanol 0.200 -- 2 0.500 3 1.9.5. Polyethylene Acetaldehyde -- 0.200 4 0.010 3 theraphthalate and Ethylene -- 1.000 3 1.000 -- copolymer on the basis of glycol terephthalic acid Dimethyl -- 1.500 4 0.010 -- terephthalate Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 Alcohols: methyl 0.200 -- 2 0.500 butyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 3 isobutyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 4 Acetone 0.100 -- 3 0.350 4 1.9.6. Polycarbonate Phenol 0.050 -- 4 0.003 2 Methylene -- 7.500 3 -- -- chloride Chlorobenzen -- 0.020 3 0.100 3 e 1.9.7. Polysulphon Benzene -- 0.100 2 0.100 2 Phenol 0.050 -- 4 0.003 2 1.9.8. Phenol 0.050 -- 4 0.003 2 Polyphenylenesulphide Acetaldehyde -- 0.200 4 0.010 3 Methanol 0.200 -- 2 0.500 3 Dichlorobenz -- 0.002 3 0.030 -- ene Borium (B) 0.500 -- 2 -- -- 1.9.9. In case of using as a cohesive: Phenol-formaldehyde Phenol 0.050 -- 4 0.003 2 resin Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 silicone resin Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 Acetaldehyde -- 0.200 4 0.010 3 Phenol 0.050 -- 4 0.003 2 Alcohols: methyl 0.200 -- 2 0.500 3 butyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 3 Benzene -- 0.01 2 0.100 2 Epoxide resins Epichlorohydr 0.100 -- 2 0.200 2 in 2 3 4 5 6 7 Phenol 0.050 -- 4 0.003 2 Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 1.10. Fluoropolymers: fluorine ion 0.500 -- 2 -- -- fluoropolymer-3 Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 fluoropolymer-4, Hexane 0.100 -- 4 -- -- teflon Heptane 0.100 -- 4 -- -- 1.11. Plastic on the Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 basis of Acetaldehyde -- 0.200 4 0.010 3 phenol-formaldehyde Phenol 0.050 -- 4 0.003 2 resins (phenolic resin) 1.12. Polyformaldehyde Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 Acetaldehyde -- 0.200 4 0.010 3 1.13. Aminoplast resins Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 (carbamide- and melamineformaldehyde) 1.14. Polymer materials Epichlorohydr 0.100 -- 2 0.200 2 on the basis of epoxide in resins Phenol 0.050 -- 4 0.003 2 Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003* -- 1.15. Ionomeric resins, Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 including resin Acetaldehyde -- 0.200 4 0.010 2 Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003* 3 Methanol 0.200 -- 2 0.500 2 Zinc (Zn) 1.000 -- 3 -- 3 1.16. Cellulose Ethyl acetate 0.100 -- 2 0.100 -- Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 4 Benzene -- 0.010 2 0.100 2 Acetone 0.100 -- 3 0.350 2 1.17.Ether-cellulose Ethyl acetate 0.100 -- 2 0.100 4 plastics Acetaldehyde -- 0.200 4 0.010 4 Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 3 Alcohols: methyl 0.200 -- 2 0.500 3 isobutyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 4 Acetone 0.100 -- 3 0.350 4 1.18. Collagen Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 (biopolymer) * Acetaldehyde -- 0.200 4 0.010 3 Ethyl acetate 0.100 -- 2 0.100 4 Butyl acetate -- 0.100 4 0.100 4 Acetone 0.100 -- 3 0.350 4 2 3 4 5 6 7 Alcohols: methyl 0.200 -- 2 0.500 3 propyl 0.100 -- 4 0.300 3 isopropyl 0.100 -- 4 0.600 3 butyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 3 isobutyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 4 1.19 Rubber and Acrylonitrile 0.020 -- -- -- -- rubber-plastic materials Thiuram D 0.030 -- -- -- -- (gaskets, densifier of Captax 0.150 -- -- -- -- canisters, packing rings of Zinc 1.000 -- -- -- -- lids for canning and e Dioctylphthal 2.000 -- -- -- -- tc.), ate Dibutylphthal Not allowed ate 2. Paraffins and waxes 2.1. Paraffins and Hexane 0.100 -- 4 -- -- waxes Heptane 0.100 -- 4 -- -- (cheese coating, etc.) Benz(a)pyren Not allowed 1 e Acetaldehyde -- 0.200 4 0.010 3 Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 Acetone 0.100 -- 3 0.350 4 Alcohols: methyl 0.200 -- 2 0.500 3 butyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 3 Toluene -- 0.500 4 0.600 3 3. Paper, paperboard, parchment, imitation parchment 3.1. Paper Ethyl acetate 0.100 -- 2 0.100 4 Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 Acetaldehyde -- 0.200 4 0.010 3 Acetone 0.100 -- 3 0.350 4 Alcohols: methyl 0.200 -- 2 0.500 3 butyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 3 Toluene -- 0.500 4 0.600 3 Benzene -- 0.010 2 0.100 2 Lead (Pb) 0.030 -- 2 -- -- Zinc (Zn) 1.000 -- 3 -- -- 0.050 2 Chrome (Cr cumulati -- 3 -- -- 3+) vely Chrome (Cr 0.100 -- 3 -- -- 6+) 2 3 4 5 6 7 3.2. Paraffin paper To be additionally defined Hexane 0.100 -- 4 -- -- Heptane 0.100 -- 4 -- -- Benz(a)pyren Not allowed 1 e 3.3. Paperboard Ethyl acetate 0.100 -- 2 0.100 4 Butyl acetate -- 0.100 4 0.100 4 Acetaldehyde -- 0.200 4 0.010 3 Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 Acetone 0.100 -- 3 0.350 4 Alcohols: methyl 0.200 -- 2 0.500 isopropyl 0.100 -- 4 0.600 3 butyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 3 isobutyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 4 Benzene -- 0.010 2 0.100 2 Toluene -- 0.500 4 0.600 3 Xylols -- 0.050 3 0.200 3 (isomer mixture) Lead (Pb) 0.030 -- 2 -- -- Zinc (Zn) 1.000 -- 3 -- -- Arsenic (As) 0.050 -- 2 -- -- Chrome (Cr cumulati -- 3 -- -- 3+) vely Chrome (Cr 0.100 -- 3 -- -- 6+) To be additionally defined: Coated paperboard Titanium (Ti) 0.100 -- 3 -- -- Aluminium 0.500 -- 2 -- -- (Al) Barium (Ba) 0.100 -- 2 -- -- 3.4. Paperboard Butyl acetate -- 0.100 4 0.100 4 chipboard** Ethyl acetate 0.100 -- 2 0.100 4 Acetaldehyde -- 0.200 4 0.010 3 Alcohols: methyl 0.200 -- 2 0.500 3 butyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 3 Acetone 0.100 -- 3 0.350 4 Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 Benzene -- 0.010 2 0.100 2 Toluene -- 0.500 4 0.600 3 Xylols -- 0.050 3 0.200 3 (isomer mixture) 2 3 4 5 6 7 Lead (Pb) 0.030 -- 2 -- -- Zinc (Zn) 1.000 -- 3 -- -- Arsenic (As)_ 0.050 -- 2 -- -- Chrome (Cr cumulati -- 3 -- -- 3+) vely Chrome (Cr 0.100 -- 3 -- -- 6+) Cadmium 0.001 -- 2 -- -- (Cd) Barium (Ba) 0.100 -- 2 -- -- 3.5. Vegetable Ethyl acetate 0.100 -- 2 0.100 4 parchment Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 Alcohols: Methyl 0.200 -- 2 0.500 3 propyl 0.100 -- 4 0.300 3 isopropyl 0.100 -- 4 0.600 3 butyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 3 isobutyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 4 Acetone 0.100 -- 3 0.350 4 Lead (Pb) 0.030 -- 2 -- -- Zinc (Zn) 1.000 -- 3 -- -- Arsenic (As) 0.050 -- 2 -- -- Copper (Cu) 1.000 -- 3 -- -- Iron (Fe) 0.300 -- -- -- -- Chrome (Cr cumulati -- 3 -- -- 3+) vely Chrome (Cr 0.100 -- 3 -- -- 6+) 3.6. Imitation Ethyl acetate 0.100 -- 2 0.100 4 parchment (paper with Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 additives, imitating Acetaldehyde -- 0.200 4 0.010 3 properties of vegetable Phenol 0.050 -- 4 0.003 2 parchment) Epichlorohydr 0.100 -- 2 0.200 2 in E-caprolactam 0.500 -- 4 0.060 3 Alcohols: Methyl 0.200 -- 2 0.500 3 propyl 0.100 -- 4 0.300 3 isopropyl 0.100 -- 4 0.600 3 butyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 3 isobutyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 4 Acetone 0.100 -- 3 0.350 4 Benzene -- 0.010 2 0.100 2 2 3 4 5 6 7 Toluene -- 0.500 4 0.600 3 Xylols -- 0.050 3 0.200 3 (isomer mixture) Zinc (Zn) 1.000 -- 3 -- -- Lead (Pb) 0.030 -- 2 -- -- Chrome (Cr cumulati -- 3 -- -- 3+) vely Chrome (Cr 0.100 -- 3 -- -- 6+) Arsenic (As) 0.050 -- 2 -- -- Titanium (Ti) 0.100 -- 3 -- -- Cadmium 0.001 -- 2 -- -- (Cd) 4. Glass *** 4.1. Glassware colourless and semiwhite Boron (B) 0.500 -- 2 -- -- glasses Aluminium 0.500 -- 2 -- -- (Al) Arsenic (As) 0.050 -- 2 -- -- green glasses Aluminium 0.500 -- 2 -- -- (Al) Chrome (Cr cumulati -- 3 -- -- 3+) vely Chrome (Cr 0.100 -- 3 -- -- 6+) Copper (Cu) 1.000 -- 3 -- -- Boron (B) 0.500 -- 2 -- -- brown glasses Aluminium 0.500 -- 2 -- -- (Al) Manganese 0.100 -- 3 -- -- (Mn) Boron (B) 0.500 -- 2 -- -- - chrystal glasses Lead (Pb) *** -- 2 -- -- Aluminium 0.500 -- 2 -- -- (Al) Boron (B) 0.500 -- 2 -- -- Cadmium *** -- 2 -- -- (Cd) additionally for barium Barium (Ba) 0.100 -- 2 -- -- crystal glass To be additionally determined when dyeing: Blue Chrome (Cr cumulati -- 3 -- -- 3+) vely Chrome (Cr 0.100 -- 3 -- -- 6+) Copper (Cu) 1.000 -- 3 -- -- dark blue Cobalt (Co) 0.100 -- 2 -- -- Red Copper (Cu) 1.000 -- 3 -- -- Manganese 0.100 -- 3 -- -- (Mn) 2 3 4 5 6 7 Yellow Chrome (Cr cumulati -- 3 -- -- 3+) vely Chrome (Cr 0.100 -- 3 -- -- 6+) Cadmium *** -- 2 -- -- (Cd) Barium (Ba) 0.100 -- 2 -- -- 5. Ceramics*** 5.1. Ceramic ware Boron (B) 0.500 -- 2 -- -- Zinc (Zn) 1.000 -- 3 -- -- Titanium (Ti) 0.100 -- 3 -- -- Aluminium 0.500 -- 2 -- -- (Al) Cadmium *** -- 2 -- -- (Cd) Barium (Ba) 0.100 -- 2 -- -- 6. Faience and porcelain *** 6.1. porcelain and Lead (Pb) *** -- 2 -- -- faience ware Cadmium *** -- 2 -- -- (Cd) To be additionally defined when adding and using: cobalt oxides Cobalt (Co) 0.100 -- 2 -- -- lead-free glaze Aluminium 0.500 -- 2 -- -- (Al) Boron (B) 0.500 -- 2 -- -- Zinc (Zn) 1.000 -- 3 -- -- Lithium (Li) -- 0.030 2 -- -- barytic glaze Aluminium 0.500 -- 2 -- -- (Al) Barium (Ba) 0.100 -- 2 -- -- Boron (B) 0.500 -- 2 -- -- To be additionally defined when using pigmented glaze: of pink colour Manganese 0.100 -- 3 -- -- (Mn) of blue colour Cobalt (Co) 0.100 -- 2 -- -- Copper (Cu) 1.000 -- 3 -- -- of yellow colour Chrome (Cr cumulati -- 3 -- -- 3+) vely Chrome (Cr 0.100 -- 3 -- -- 6+) Cadmium *** -- 2 -- -- (Cd) 7. Polymer materials used for packaging cover (closures) 7.1.silicate enamel Aluminium 0.500 -- 2 -- -- (frits) (Al) Boron (B) 0.500 -- 2 -- -- Iron (Fe) 0.300 -- -- -- -- Cobalt (Co) 0.100 -- 2 -- -- Nickel (Ni) 0.100 -- 3 -- -- 2 3 4 5 6 7 Chrome (Cr cumulati -- 3 -- -- 3+) vely Chrome (Cr 0.100 -- 3 -- -- 6+) Manganese 0.100 -- 3 -- -- (Mn) 7.2.Titanium enamel Aluminium 0.500 -- 2 -- -- (Al) Boron (B) 0.500 -- 2 -- -- Iron (Fe) 0.300 -- -- -- -- Cobalt (Co) 0.100 -- 2 -- -- Nickel (Ni) 0.100 -- 3 -- -- Lead (Pb) 0.030 -- 2 -- -- Arsenic (As) 0.050 -- 2 -- -- Zinc (Zn) 1.000 -- 3 -- -- Titanium (Ti) 0.100 -- 3 -- -- To be additionally determined when dyeing the cover: of grey colour Titanium (Ti) 0.100 -- 3 -- -- of dark blue colour Cobalt (Co) 0.100 -- 2 -- -- of brown colour Iron (Fe) 0.300 -- -- -- -- of green colour Chrome (Cr cumulati -- 3 -- -- 3+) vely Chrome (Cr 0.100 -- 3 -- -- 6+) of pink colour Manganese 0.100 -- 3 -- -- (Mn) When applying the coating on: carbon and low-alloyed Iron (Fe) 0.300 -- -- -- -- steel Manganese 0.100 -- 3 -- -- (Mn) aluminium and aluminium Aluminium 0.500 -- 2 -- -- alloys (Al) Copper (Cu) 1.000 -- 3 -- -- 8.Polymer materials used for lacquered packaging (closures) 8.1. epoxyphenol Epichlorohydr 0.100 -- 2 0.200 2 varnishes in Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 Phenol 0.050 -- 4 0.003 2 Zinc (Zn) 1.000 -- 3 -- -- Lead (Pb) 0.030 -- 2 -- -- Xylols -- 0.050 3 0.200 3 (isomer mixture) Alcohols: methyl 0.200 -- 2 0.500 3 propyl 0.100 -- 4 0.300 3 butyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 3 isobutyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 4 2 3 4 5 6 7 Acetone 0.100 -- 3 0.350 4 Ethylbenzene -- 0.010 4 0.020 3 8.2. phenolic and oil Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003* 2 varnishes Phenol 0.050 -- 4 0.003 2 Lead (Pb) 0.030 -- 2 -- -- 8.3.protein-resistant Epichlorohydr 0.100 -- 2 0.200 2 enamels,containing in zincpaste Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 Zinc (Zn) 1.000 -- 3 -- -- Lead (Pb) 0.030 -- 2 -- -- 8.4. vinylorgansolic Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003* 2 coating Acetaldehyde -- 0.200 4 0.010 3 Phenol 0.05 -- 4 0.003 2 Acetone 0.100 -- 3 0.350 4 vinyl acetate -- 0.200 2 0.150 3 vinyl chloride 0.010 -- 2 0.010 1 Alcohols: methyl 0.200 -- 2 0.500 3 isopropyl 0.100 -- 4 0.600 3 butyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 3 isobutyl 0.500 -- 2 0.100 4 Xylols -- 0.050 3 0.200 3 (isomer mixture) Lead (Pb) 0.030 -- 2 -- -- To be additionally determined when using: aluminium powder for Aluminium 0.500 -- 2 -- -- varnish pigmentation (Al) packing materials from Aluminium 0.5 -- 2 -- -- aluminium, (Al) aluminium alloys 9. Wood and wood products, organic and compressed cork Wood and wood Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 products Natural and compressed Formaldehyde 0.100 -- 2 0.003 2 cork Note: migration of hazardous substances emitted from packaging (closures) which are made from composite materials shall be examined only from the layer having direct contact with food products, including infant food. * - for all types of artificial protein coatings the cumulative quantity of aldehydes (including formaldehyde) the Permissible Migration Amount is 0.8 mg/l. ** - paper and paperboard containing paper waste may be used only for packaging of food products with humidity of not more than 15%. *** - the Permissible Migration Amount of lead and cadmium for packaging made from glass, faience and porcelain, ceramics is specified in Table 2. **** - when estimating materials and products intended for packaging of baby food products for infants, migration of chemical substances falling into 1 and 2 class of hazard is not allowed. ***** - migration of hazardous substances into water simulative environment shall be inspected for the packaging intended for storage of products with humidity of more than 15%, into air simulative environment - for storage of products with humidity of less than 15%. ****** - for packaging and closures which are produced from polymer materials and plastics on their basis, modification of the acid number shall be calculated additionally. Table 2 Sanitary and Hygienic Standards for Lead and Cadmium Emitted from Glass, Faience and Porcelain, and their Products, Ceramics Type of Packaging Controlled Indicators Measuring Unit Permissible Migration Amount Packaging under 1.1 l cadmium mg/l 0.5 lead mg/l 2.0 Packaging above 1.1 l cadmium mg/l 0.5 lead mg/l 2.0 Table 3 Sanitary and Hygienic Safety Indicators and Standards for Substances Emitted from Metals and Alloys Used in Production of Packaging (Closures) Name of Material of Controlled Permissible Maximum Class of the Product Indices Quantity of Permissible Hazard Chemical Concentrations in * Substance Drinking Water, mg/l Migration, mg/l 1 2 3 4 5 1. Primary aluminium 1 2 3 4 5 of special purity Aluminium 0.500 2 -- (Al) of high purity Aluminium 0.500 2 -- (Al) Iron (Fe) 0.300 -- -- Silicium (Si) -- 10.00 0 2 Copper (Cu) 1.000 -- 3 of technical purity Aluminium 0.500 2 -- (Al) Iron (Fe) 0.300 -- -- Silicium (Si) -- 10.000 2 Copper (Cu) 1.000 -- 3 Zinc (Zn) 1.000 -- 3 Titanium (Ti) 0.100 -- 3 2.Aluminium alloys: deformable Aluminium 0.500 2 -- (Al) Manganese 0.100 3 -- (Mn) Iron (Fe) 0.300 -- -- Copper (Cu) 1.000 -- 3 Zinc (Zn) 1.000 -- 3 Titanium (Ti) 0.100 -- 3 Vanadium 0.100 3 -- (V) casting Aluminium 0.500 2 -- (Al) Copper (Cu) 1.000 -- 3 Silicium (Si) -- 10.000 2 Manganese 0.100 3 -- (Mn) Zinc (Zn) 1.000 -- 3 Titanium (Ti) 0.100 -- 3 3. All types of steel, Iron (Fe) 0.300 -- -- including carbon high- Manganese 0.100 3 -- quality ,chromium (Mn) chromium-manganese Chrome (Cr 28 cumulatively 3 -- steel 3+) 0.100 Chrome (Cr -- 3 6+) 3.1. To be additionally defined for other types of steel: carbon low-alloyed Nickel (Ni) 0.100 -- 3 steel Copper (Cu) 1.000 -- 3 chromium-silicon steel Silicium (Si) -- 10.000 2 chromium-vanadium Nickel (Ni) 0.100 -- 3 steel Copper (Cu) 1.000 -- 3 chromium-manganese- Titanium (Ti) 0.100 -- 3 titanium silicon-manganese and Silicium (Si) -- 10.00 2 chromium-manganese steel chromium-molybdenum Molybdenum 0.250 2 -- steel (Mo) chromium-nickel- Nickel (Ni) 0.100 -- 3 tungsten and Tungsten (W) 0.050 -- 2 chromium-nickel- Molybdenum 0.250 2 molybdenum s -- teel (Mo) chromium- Aluminium 0.500 2 mol -- ybdenum- (Al) 1 2 3 4 5 aluminium and Molybdenum 0.250 2 chromium-aluminium (Mo) -- steel chromium-nickel- Nickel (Ni) 0.100 -- 3 tungsten-vanadium Vanadium 0.100 3 -- (V) Tungsten (W) 0.050 -- 2 corrosion-resistant and Nickel (Ni) 0.100 -- 3 heat-resistant, high- quality hot-rolled low-alloyed heat- Nickel (Ni) 0.100 -- 3 resistant pearlitic Molybdenum 0.250 2 -- (Mo) Vanadium 0.100 3 -- (V) Copper (Cu) 1.000 -- 3 heat-resistant Nickel (Ni) 0.100 -- 3 martensitic and Molybdenum 0.250 2 mar -- tensitic-ferrite (Mo) Vanadium 0.100 3 -- (V) Tungsten (W) 0.050 -- 2 heat-resistant austenitic Nickel (Ni) 0.100 -- 3 Molybdenum 0.250 2 -- (Mo) Tungsten (W) 0.050 -- 2 Niobium (Nb) -- 0.010 2 Titanium (Ti) 0.100 -- 3 4. Solders on the basis of lead alloys: -tin-lead Tin (Sn) -- 2.000 3 Lead (Pb) 0.030 -- 2 5. Zinc and zinc alloys Zinc (Zn) 1.000 -- 3 Lead (Pb) 0.030 -- 2 Iron (Fe) 0.300 -- -- Cadmium 0.001 2 -- (Cd) Copper (Cu) 1.000 -- 3 Aluminium 0.500 2 -- (Al) Chrome (Cr cumulatively 0,100 3 -- 3+) Chrome (Cr 3 -- 6+) Molybdenum 0.250 2 -- (Mo) Manganese 0.100 3 -- (Mn) Vanadium 0.100 3 (V -- ) Iron (Fe) 0.300 -- -- Annex 2. List of Simulation Media Used for Testing of Packaging (Closures) TR TS 005/2011 Annex 2 List of Simulation Media Used for Testing of Packaging (Closures) Name of Food Products for Contact with which the Simulation Media Imitative Food Products Packaging (Closures) is Intended Fresh meat and fish Distilled water, 0.3% lactic acid solution Salted and smoked meat and fish Distilled water, 5% sodium chloride solution Milk, fermented milk products and preserved milk Distilled water, 0.3% lactic acid solution, 3.0% products lactic acid solution Cooked sausage; preserves: meat, fish, vegetable; Distilled water, 2% acetic acid solution pickled and salted-fermented vegetables, tomato containing 2% sodium chloride; unpurified paste, etc. sunflower oil. Fruits, berries, fruit and vegetable juices, fruit and Distilled water, 2% lemon acid solution. berry preserves, alcohol-free beverages, beer. Alcoholic beverages, wines Distilled water, 20% ethanol solution, 2% lemon acid solution. Vodka, cognac Distilled water, 40% ethanol solution. Potable alcohol, liqueurs, rum Distilled water, 96% ethanol solution. Note: 1. Packaging (closures) used in conditions different from those mentioned above shall be processed in the environment maximally similar to the operation conditions with some aggravation. 2. When testing packaging (closures) from plastics containing nitrogen and aldehydes, 0.3% and 3% lemon acid solution shall be used as a simulation medium instead of lactic acid. 3. When testing packaging (closures) for tinned fish in own juice, distilled water shall be used as a simulation medium. 4. When testing for lead and cadmium in packaging (closures) from glass, faience and porcelain, ceramics, a 4% acetic acid solution shall be used as a simulation medium. Simulation of duration of packaging (closures) contact with simulation media Duration of packaging (closures) contact with simulation media shall be established on the basis of its operation conditions with some aggravation: а) if duration of the assumed contact of food products with packaging (closures) does not exceed 10 minutes, the testing exposure shall be 2 hours; b) if duration of contact of food products with packaging (closures) does not exceed 2 hours, the testing exposure shall be 1 day; c) if duration of contact of food products with packaging (closures) is from 2 to 48 hours, the testing exposure shall be 3 days; d) if duration of contact of food products with packaging (closures) exceeds 2 days, the testing exposure shall be 10 days; e) metal cans covered with varnish shall be filled with simulation medium, hermetically sealed, autoclaved for an hour and left at room temperature for 10 days; f) packaging (closures) intended for contact with food products subject to sterilization shall be filled with simulation media, hermetically sealed, autoclaved for 2 hours and left at room temperature for 10 days. Temperature Conditions when Testing Packaging (Closures) а) Packaging (closures) intended for contact with food products at ambient temperature shall be filled with simulation media of room temperature and held within the time specified above; b) packaging (closures) intended for contact with hot food products shall be filled with simulation media heated to 800С and held at room temperature within the time specified above; c) packaging (closures) intended for packaging of food products in hot form (melted butter, hard cheese and processed cheese, etc.) shall be filled with simulation media heated to 800С and held at room temperature within the time specified above. Annex 3. Numeric, Letter Designation (Abbreviation) of Material from which Packaging (Closures) is Produced TR TS 005/2011 Annex 3 Numeric, Letter Designation (Abbreviation) of Material from which Packaging (Closures) is Produced Packaging Materials Letter Designation* Numerical Code 1 2 3 Plastics Polyethyleneterephthalate PET 1 High-density polyethylene HDPE 2 Polyvinylchloride PVC 3 Low-density polyethylene LDPE 4 Polypropylene РР 5 Polystyrene PS 6 Vacant numbers 7-19 Paper and paperboard Corrugated paperboard PAP 20 Other paperboard PAP 21 Paper PAP 22 Vacant numbers 23-39 Metals Steel FE 40 Aluminium ALU 41 Vacant numbers 42-49 Wood and wood-based material Wood FOR 50 Cork FOR 51 Vacant numbers 52-59 Fabric Cotton TEX 60 Jute TEX 61 Vacant numbers 62-69 Glass Colourless glass GL 70 Green glass GL 71 Brown glass GL 72 Vacant numbers 73-79 Composite materials ** Paper and paperboard/different materials 80 Paper and paperboard/ plastics 81 Paper and paperboard/ aluminium 82 Paper and paperboard/tinned plate 83 Paper and paperboard/ plastics / aluminium 84 Paper and paperboard/ plastics/aluminium/tinned plate 85 Vacant numbers 86-89 Plastics / aluminium 90 Plastics / tinned plate 91 Plastics / various metals 92 Vacant numbers 93-94 Glass / plastics 95 Glass / aluminium 96 Glass / tinned plate 97 Glass / various metals 98 Vacant numbers 99-100 *Only capital letters are used. **To be marked as follows: Latin letter C and through a slash – designation of the primary material in the composite (e.g. C/ALU). Annex 4. Pictographs and Symbols Printed on the Marking of Packaging (Closures) TR TS 005/2011 Annex 4 Pictographs and Symbols Printed on the Marking of Packaging (Closures) Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 For food products For perfume and cosmetics For non-food products Figure 4 – Possibility of recycling of the used packaging (closures) - Möbius strip List of Standards containing the rules and methods of examination (testing) and measurement, including the rules for selection of samples required for application and meeting of the requirements of the Technical Regulation “On Safety of Packaging” (TR TS 005/2011) and carrying out of assessment (confirmation) of products’ conformity Approved by Decision of the Customs Union Commission No. 769 of August 16, 2011 No. Elements of the Identification of Name of Standard Note Technical Regulation Standard. of the Customs Union 1 2 3 4 5 1 Article 5, paragraph 4 SanPiN 13-3 RB The maximum permissible quantities of 01* chemical substances emitted from materials contacting with food products GN 2.3.3.972-00 The maximum permissible quantities of * chemical substances emitted from materials contacting with food products Instruction Sanitary and chemical examination of 2.3.3.10-15-64- goods manufactures from polymer and 2005* other synthetic materials contacting with food products MI No. 880-71* Instruction on sanitary and chemical examination of goods manufactures from polymer and other synthetic materials contacting with food products MU No. 4395-87* Methodological guidelines on hygienic assessment of varnished can containers GOST 22648-77 Plastics. Methods for determination of hygienic characteristics 2 Article 5, paragraph 5 SanPiN 13-3 RB The maximum permissible quantities of 01* chemical substances emitted fr
Posted: 11 September 2012

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