Dairy and Products Annual 2012

An Expert's View about Dairy Products in Russia

Posted on: 28 Nov 2012

FAS/Moscow expects the contraction of the Russian dairy herd, which has been ongoing for more than 2 decades, to end in 2013.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 11/06/2012 GAIN Report Number: RS1269 Russian Federation Dairy and Products Annual 2012 Approved By: Holly Higgins Prepared By: Christopher Riker and Mikhail Maksimenko Report Highlights: FAS/Moscow expects the contraction of the Russian dairy herd, which has been ongoing for more than 2 decades, to end in 2013, with a slight increase in herd size. This is due, in part, to government support for large scale imports of high-quality dairy cattle, including from the United States. Overall dairy production, however, is expected to remain largely flat in 2013. Although improvements in farm management and genetics have increased Russian milk yields, high feed costs are expected to impede growth. For cheese, despite competition from imports, production is expected to remain strong in 2013. For butter, however, production is expected to continue to fall next year. Milk powder production is expected to remain flat (for whole milk powder (WMP)) or increase slightly (for non-fat dry milk (NFDM)). Executive Summary: In 2013, Russia’s dairy production is expected to remain stagnant, after modest growth of 1.3 percent estimated in 2012. Although the quality of Russia’s dairy herd continues to develop as a result of government of Russia (GOR) support for herd improvement (e.g., subsidies for pedigree cattle purchases) and modernization of production (e.g., compensation for infrastructural improvements to farms), high feed costs are expected to impede growth in 2013. Milk production in 2012 has been supported by strong milk prices throughout the year, and these high prices are likely to continue through next year. Cheese production is forecast to increase, while butter production is expected to slip due to lower anticipated profits when compared to other dairy products (given competition with imported cream butters, domestic alternative butter products, and margarine being represented as less expensive butter). Production of milk powders are expected to remain flat (WMP) or increase slightly (NFDM) in correlation with increased fluid milk and cheese production, as well as increased utilization. Production: Cow Inventory FAS/Moscow expects the contraction of the Russian dairy herd, which has been ongoing for more than 2 decades, to finally end in 2013, with a slight increase in the herd. This is due in part to government support for large scale imports of high-quality dairy cattle, including from the United States. Russia has significantly increased imports of high quality U.S. genetics, which are expected to help bolster Russia’s “cows in milk” numbers. (Charts 1 and 2). Chart 1. Russian Annual Dairy Cow Beginning Stocks (1,000 head) Source: PSD Online - http://www.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/ Chart 2. US Exports of U.S. Dairy Cattle, by Value ($1,000) Source: Global Agricultural Trade System Online (http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/default.aspx) FAS/Moscow estimates cow inventories to decrease less than one percent in 2012, but fluid milk production to increase on higher yields. Agricultural enterprises continue to improve genetics and farm management practices which are having a positive impact on fluid milk output. Moreover, State support programs are encouraging farms to maintain herd size in order to comply with the conditions of the programs. Specifically, dairy operations are now receiving support, in part, based on maintaining stable cattle numbers in an effort to ensure there is a sufficient supply of milk and dairy available in the domestic market. The Ministry of Agriculture reported that inventories of purebred cattle in the dairy herd accounted for 12% of cattle in 2010 and 13% in 2011. Data for 2012 are anticipated to be released by the Ministry of Agriculture in February 2013, but FAS/Moscow forecasts continued increases. Fluid Milk Overall fluid milk production is expected to remain stagnant in 2013, as the benefits of improvements in management and genetics compete against high feed costs. Russia’s grain production in 2012 was lower, causing feed prices to rise, and these prices are expected to remain high until the new grain crop begins to be harvested in mid-2013. Nevertheless, the continued development of commercial herds at agricultural enterprises, supported by the Ministry of Agriculture, should have a positive impact on future production volumes. For 2012, fluid milk production has increased slightly. Russian dairy farms produced 25.5 MMT of fluid milk from January-September 2012, 1.9% more than during the same period in 2011. The GOR has provided favorable subsidies for the import of live animals to strengthen the national herd, and favorable loan terms to modernize pre-existing dairies in an effort to come closer to self-sufficiency in dairy (and beef) production. There remains a significant amount of development needed to meet the State production goals of 90% self-sufficiency by 2020. The draft State Agricultural Program for 2013- 2020 sets a goal of 38 MMT of yearly fluid milk production by 2020, 6 MMT higher than estimated production for 2012. (See Chart 3) Chart 3. Annual Milk production from 2002-2012 Compared to State Goal for 2020 (MMT) Source: PSD Online - http://www.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/ and Russian Ministry of Agriculture Factors supporting modest production and marketing increases for Russian fluid milk in 2012 include: New commercial dairy operations, populated with highly productive cattle, began producing in Russia; Slowing contraction of Russia’s dairy herd as a result of Government support for livestock development programs; Favorable loans for milk producers wishing to modernize; and, Milk yields at modernized and new dairy operations increased to 3,472 kilograms per head, per annum, through August 2012 (a 7.2% increase from the same period in 2011). Table 1. Russia: Inventories, Fluid Milk Supply and Distribution, 1,000 MT Dairy, Milk, 2011 2012 2013 Fluid Market Year Begin: Market Year Begin: Market Year Begin: Russia Jan 2011 Jan 2012 Jan 2013 USDA New USDA New USDA New Official Post Official Post Official Post Cows In Milk 8,650 8,650 8,580 8,600 8,650 Cows Milk Production 31,742 31,742 32,100 32,150 32,180 Total Production 31,742 31,742 32,100 32,150 32,180 Other Imports 206 206 225 280 300 Total Imports 206 206 225 280 300 Total Supply 31,948 31,948 32,325 32,430 32,480 Other Exports 5 5 5 5 5 Total Exports 5 5 5 5 5 Fluid Use Domestic 11,700 11,700 11,800 11,205 11,150 Consumption Factory Use 17,800 17,800 18,075 18,775 18,875 Consumption Feed Use Dom. Consumption 2,443 2,443 2,445 2,445 2,450 Total Domestic Consumption 31,943 31,943 32,320 32,425 32,475 Total Distribution 31,948 31,948 32,325 32,430 32,480 NOTE: Official USDA data is available at http://www.fas.usda.gov/psdonlineonline Dairy Products The prospects for production of dairy products are mixed for 2013, as cheese and NFDM are expected to grow, WMP is expected to remain flat, and butter production is expected to continue to contract. Competition among Russian dairy producers is quite strong, and imports are continuing to increase. Several large dairies (e.g. Nadezhda Dairy from Mordovia and Nevelsk Milk-Canning Facility) have reduced production or filed for bankruptcy, and they have stated this is because they cannot compete with low-cost imports from Belarus. Trade sources reported that producers of cheese, butter, and dry milk powders are suffering the most from import competition, when compared to producers of higher margin products, such as yogurts and cottage cheese. Moreover, the National Union of Milk Producers has publicly announced that they are seeking government assistance, including, for example, loans for dairy farm construction and modernization with payment terms of at least 20 years, loans for equipment purchases with repayment terms of at least 10 years, and minimum repayment terms for the purchase of cattle of at least 5 years. Cheese Despite continued competition from imports, Russian cheese production is expected to continue to experience growth in 2013 albeit at a slower pace than in 2012. Cheese production in 2012 is estimated to have increased by 5.8 percent. One of the key reasons for this growth is that local governments have been encouraging dairy processors to buy milk, even at high prices. These processers have in turn processed this milk into cheese, as there was no excess demand for fluid milk. These purchases have been promoted by local governments to ensure cattle inventories do not contract as a result of high feed costs. Despite growth in domestic production, cheese imports are also expected to grow, albeit slightly, as they continue to be competitively priced with Russian cheeses. Table 2. Russia: Cheese Supply and Distribution, 1,000 MT 2011 2012 2013 Dairy, Market Year Begin: Market Year Begin: Market Year Begin: Cheese Jan 2011 Jan 2012 Jan 2013 Russia USDA New USDA New USDA New Official Post Official Post Official Post Beginning Stocks 11 11 12 12 12 Production 425 425 450 450 460 Other Imports 344 344 345 350 355 Total Imports 344 344 345 350 355 Total Supply 780 780 807 812 827 Other Exports 9 9 10 10 10 Total Exports 9 9 10 10 10 Human Dom. 759 759 785 790 805 Consumption Total Dom. 759 759 785 790 805 Consumption Total Use 768 768 795 800 815 Ending Stocks 12 12 12 12 12 Total Distribution 780 780 807 812 827 NOTE: Official USDA data is available at http://www.fas.usda.gov/psdonlineonline Butter Butter production in 2013 is expected to continue to contract due to reduced profitability and competition from less expensive imports and domestically produced products such as margarine. Russian production of butter and butter spreads decreased by 3.9% to 163,300 MT through September 2012, and FAS/Moscow estimates 2012 calendar year butter production to decrease by 3.3 percent, when compared to 2011. Decreased butter production in 2012, however, has been backfilled by imports to stabilize supply. At the All-Russia Seminar of Dairy Industry Producers, in September 2012, Russian dairies stated that producing butter is not as profitable as other dairy products given competition with imported cream butters, domestic alternative butter products, and margarine (which is sometimes being marketed as real butter). They stressed an interest in pursuing dairy products with lower costs of production in the future (e.g., fluid milk and/or kefir). Table 3. Russia: Butter Supply and Distribution, 1,000 MT (butter-equivalent) 2011 2012 2013 D Market Year Begin: Market Year Begin: Market Year Begin: airy, Butter R Jan 2011 Jan 2012 Jan 2013 ussia USDA New USDA New USDA New Official Post Official Post Official Post Beginning Stocks 11 11 12 12 10 Production 217 217 230 210 205 Other Imports 116 116 90 130 130 Total Imports 116 116 90 130 130 Total Supply 344 344 332 352 345 Other Exports 2 2 2 2 2 Total Exports 2 2 2 2 2 Domestic 330 330 320 340 333 Consumption Total Use 332 332 322 342 335 Ending Stocks 12 12 10 10 10 Total Distribution 344 344 332 352 345 NOTE: Official USDA data is available at http://www.fas.usda.gov/psdonlineonline Whole Milk Powder (WMP) and Non-Fat Dry Milk (NFDM) FAS/Moscow forecasts WMP to remain flat in 2013, but NFDM production to rise as Russia continues to produce more cheese, and Russia’s processing industry continues to grow and increase utilization. The Russian government’s decision, in 2010, to define beverages with powdered milk ingredients as “milk drinks” rather than milk, has put pressure on production and imports of powdered milk. In 2012, the Russia-Kazakhstan-Belarus Customs Union signaled its intention to define “milk drinks” in the same manner. In 2012, according to Rosstat, the major Federal Districts where Russian dry milk was produced were the Volga Federal District (42%), the Central Federal District (25%) and the Siberian Federal District (19%). Table 4. Russia: Whole Milk Powder Supply and Distribution, 1,000 MT 2011 2012 2013 Dairy, Market Year Begin: Market Year Begin: Market Year Begin: Dry Whole Milk Powder Jan 2011 Jan 2012 Jan 2013 Russia USDA New USDA New USDA New Official Post Official Post Official Post Production 50 70 60 65 65 Other Imports 20 20 15 18 18 Total Imports 20 20 15 18 18 Total Supply 70 90 75 83 83 Other Exports 2 2 2 2 2 Total Exports 2 2 2 2 2 Human Dom. 68 88 73 81 81 Consumption Total Dom. 68 88 73 81 81 Consumption Total Use 70 90 75 83 83 Total Distribution 70 90 75 83 83 NOTE: Official USDA data is available at http://www.fas.usda.gov/psdonlineonline Table 5. Russia: Nonfat Dry Milk Supply and Distribution, 1,000 MT 2011 2012 2013 Dairy, Milk, Market Year Begin: Market Year Begin: Market Year Begin: Nonfat Dry Jan 2011 Jan 2012 Jan 2013 Russia USDA New USDA New USDA New Official Post Official Post Official Post Production 57 57 70 55 62 Other Imports 71 71 60 70 70 Total Imports 71 71 60 70 70 Total Supply 128 128 130 125 130 Human Dom. 128 128 130 125 130 Consumption Total Dom. 128 128 130 125 130 Consumption Total Use 128 128 130 125 130 Total Distribution 128 128 130 125 130 NOTE: Official USDA data is available at http://www.fas.usda.gov/psdonlineonline Consumption Consumption of dairy products in Russia has generally remained flat, and this is expected to continue into 2013. High retail prices for dairy products make it difficult for low income families to regularly purchase high-end dairy products. In addition, Russia has had negative population growth for a number of years. Milk prices have remained steadily high for farm-gate, processor, and retail milk prices throughout 2012 (see Chart 4). This trend will likely continue in 2013 as below-average grain crops and, subsequently, very high feed prices are reflected in the price of milk. Chart 4. Farm Gate, Processers and Retail Fluid Milk Prices, (in Rubles/Liter) Source: Russian Ministry of Agriculture, www.mcx.ru In the past, the situation of escalating prices had been softened by an agreement in 2010 among producers and processers that established mutually acceptable minimum and maximum price levels for raw milk. Nevertheless, there is a wide variation in prices by region, as a result of varying degrees of regional support, regional differences in the cost of production, and differences in the quality of raw milk. (See table 6). Table 6. Average Farm Gate Prices/MT for Fluid Milk in the Main Producing Regions Region January February March April May June July August Tatar Republic 12913 12855 12723 12241 12358 10940 10751 10793 ($411) ($409) ($405) ($390) ($393) ($348) ($342) ($344) Krasnodar Kray 14770 15174 15240 15141 14816 13893 13789 13584 ($470) ($483) ($485) ($482) ($472) ($443) ($439) ($432) Moscow Oblast 15635 15561 14968 14788 14459 14131 14012 13973 ($498) ($495) ($476) ($471) ($460) ($450) ($446) ($445) Altay Kray 15467 15383 14993 14377 13328 12587 12139 12294 ($492) ($490) ($477) ($458) ($424) ($401) ($386) ($391) Leningrad Oblast 16315 16228 17294 16432 15753 15518 15329 15606 ($519) ($517) ($550) ($523) ($501) ($494) ($488) ($497) Source: Rosstat According to Rosstat, the average Russian consumed 246 kilograms of milk and dairy products in 2011, a 0.4 percent decrease from 2010. The highest rates of consumption -- 284 kilograms per capita -- were reported in Volga Federal district where “Tatar Republic,” one of the largest Russian producers of fluid milk, is located (see Table 7). Table 7. Annual Consumption: Milk and Dairy Products, Kilogram/Capita, 2010 Compared to 2011 Regions 2010 2011 Percent Change Russian Federation (all districts) 247 246 -.04 Central Federal district 231 229 -.09 Northwest Federal district 272 271 -.04 Southern Federal district 231 233 .09 North Caucasian Federal district 223 226 1.3 Volga Federal district 285 284 -.04 Ural Federal district 212 209 -1.4 Siberian Federal district 264 265 .04 Far East Federal district 190 191 .05 Source: Rosstat Trade: Despite domestic production gains, FAS/Moscow forecasts 2013 dairy imports to increase as a result of the continued price attractiveness of imported goods. This situation could be exacerbated in 2013 as high domestic feed prices (as a result of drought) continue to push up Russian dairy prices. The majority of Russia’s dairy imports are still anticipated to come from Belarus. Belarusian fluid milk and dry milk products account for the vast majority of Russia’s imports as they maximize bilateral preferences in the common economic territory (i.e., Customs Union, Free Trade Zone, etc.) (Chart 5). From January-July 2012, Russia imported 210,700 MT of fluid whole milk (62% more than during the same period in 2011). These import gains are attributable to more Belarusian product being available on the market which is less expensive and which some consumers believe is of higher quality. In addition to supplying the vast majority of fluid and dry milk, Belarus also supplies approximately two- thirds of Russia’s butter imports, and one-third of its cheese imports (See Chart 5). Chart 5. Percentage of Total Russian Dairy Imports from Belarus in 2012 (through August) Source: Russian Union of Milk Producers Because of the large volume of imports from Belarus, and in order to protect its domestic industry, the Russian dairy industry has lobbied the GOR for the creation of a system to monitor the quality, quantity, and price of dairy products delivered from Belarus to Russia. For butter, in addition to Belarus, other major exporters to Russia are the EU, New Zealand, Uruguay, Argentina, and Australia (see table 13). The EU and Ukraine were also large exporters of cheese (see table 12), WMP (see table 14), and NFDM (see table 15). Policy: Import Duties Since acceding to the WTO in August 2012, Russian import duties for certain dairy products have changed favorably for exporters to the Russian market. Product Before WTO Accession After WTO Accession Condensed Dairy Products 25% 20% Butter 15% but not less than EUR 0.4/kg 15% but not less than EUR 0.29/kg Cheeses 15% but not less than EUR 0.3- 15% but not less than EUR 0.5/kg 0.25/kg Processed Cheeses and 15% but not less than EUR 0.6/kg 15% but not less than EUR 0.3/kg Brie Source: Customs Union Tariff Schedule Tariff Rate Quota for Imports of Whey In September 2012, the Customs Union issued Decision No. 142 which established a 5,000 MT tariff rate quota (TRQ) for imports of whey (HTS 0404101201 and 0404101601) in an effort to control imports and protect domestic production. The Ministry of Economic Development will distribute the TRQ for imports of whey among exporters (excluding CIS countries) who shipped between May 1, 2009 and June 30, 2010, and from July 1, 2010 to May 31, 2012 based on their proportion of the volume of whey imported during those periods. The Russian Ministry of Industry and Trade is reportedly responsible for issuing import licenses for the TRQ. The TRQ volume for 2012 was calculated based on the maximum allowable volume of the annual quota (i.e., 15,000 MT), according to Russia’s WTO commitments. According to the tariff schedule, which came into force on August 23, 2012, whey imports within the TRQ will be subject to a 10% duty, and out of quota product will be levied 15% (this is compared to the previous duty of 15%, but not less than 0.35 Euros per kilo). For additional information, see: RS1255 - Customs Union Ag Times No. 7 (9/13/2012) RS1232 – Dairy and Products Semi-Annual – Production Starts 2012 Strong (05/22/2012) RS1146 – Dairy and Products Annual – Milk production Recovering but High Prices Remain in 2012 (10/20/2011) MILK AND DAIRY PRODUCTION TABLES Table 8. Production of Milk and Other Dairy Products in January-September 2012 (1,000 MT) 2011 2012 % Change Whole milk products, calculated as fluid milk (0401) 7,995.0 8,494.7 6.3 Cheese and cheese products cottage cheese (0406) 324.8 344.8 6.2 Butter (040510) 169.9 163.2 -3.9 Dry and concentrated milk powder (0402) 113.8 105.5 -7.3 Source: Russian National Union of Milk Producers Table 9. Resources and Utilization of Fluid Milk and Milk Products (1,000 MT) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 % Change Stocks, beginning of the year 1,870 1,926 2,097 1,857 1,866 0.5 Production 31,988 32,363 32,570 31,847 31,646 -0.6 Import 7,134 7,315 7,005 8,159 7,939 -2.8 Total supply 40,992 41,604 41,672 41,863 41,450 -1.0 Consumption for feed 4,168 4,308 4,372 4,271 3,965 -7.2 Losses 21 21 23 29 30 2.4 Exports 583 612 520 460 272 -40.9 Human consumption 34,295 34,566 34,901 35,238 35,189 -0.1 Stocks, end of the year 1,926 2,097 1,857 1,866 1,995 6.9 Source: Rosstat MILK AND DAIRY TRADE TABLES Table 10. Imports of Dairy Products from January-August 2012, Compared to January-August 2011, (1,000 MT) Product 2011 2012 Percent Change Butter 040510 73,900 88,300 19.5 from Belarus 32,400 57,600 77.8 Cheese and cottage cheese 0406 267,400 293,500 9.8 from Belarus 89,800 88,900 -1.0 Dry and concentrated milk, 0402 126,000 132,800 5.4 from Belarus 101,000 114,300 13.2 Whole fluid milk, 0401 129,900 210,700 62.2 from Belarus 113,600 191,800 68.8 Source: National Union of Milk Producers Table 11. Imports of Milk & Cream (0401), Calendar Year: 2007 - 2011, Year To Date: 07/2011 & 07/2012, Quantity Partner Calendar Year Year To Date C Unit ountry 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 07/2011 07/2012 %Change World T 12423 13589 13132 27570 27140 15405 15606 1.30 EU-27 T 12247 13173 13118 27482 27128 15405 15574 1.10 Finland T 5057 6563 6541 8684 13479 7672 8682 13.16 Estonia T 2254 1180 1732 9899 4454 2436 2224 - 8.72 Germany T 1626 1725 1118 1923 2803 1543 1437 - 6.89 France T 1249 1674 1621 2045 2534 1436 1543 7.44 Lithuania T 277 1041 734 1245 845 655 251 - 61.66 Poland T 0 43 444 2119 755 397 628 58.46 Denmark T 83 110 527 766 708 367 369 0.46 Source: Global Trade Atlas - Excludes Belarus (entire time series) and Kazakhstan (since mid-2010) NOTE: EU-27 data includes data which are elsewhere reported in the table for specific Member States Table 12. Russia: Imports of Cheese (040620, 040630, 040640, 040690), Annual Series: 2007 - 2011, Year To Date: 08/2011 & 08/2012, Quantity ndar Year Year To Date Partner Uni Cale Coun 08/201 08/201 %Changtry t 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 1 2 e W 20531 26444 25476 15997orld T 21105 21860 160188 - 0.13 7 9 2 1 9 7 EU 14176 13886 13635 18996 17839 12153-27 T 110735 9.75 8 6 0 2 6 4 Ukraine T 49657 62470 61567 66408 68395 44465 32950 - 25.90 Germany T 53607 47379 44338 74857 54235 35547 38759 9.04 Finland T 17860 19664 23599 29507 30936 19211 18389 - 4.28 Netherlan T 19434 18373 16426 24509 29137 17230 18571 7.78 ds Lithuania T 27404 28505 23715 22845 26511 16140 17026 5.49 Poland T 4021 4281 5864 13755 11429 6585 11923 81.08 United T 39 617 119 308 13 13 0 -100.00 States Source: Global Trade Atlas - Excludes Belarus (entire time series) and Kazakhstan (since mid-2010) NOTE: EU-27 data includes data which are elsewhere reported in the table for specific Member States Table 13. Russia Import Statistics Butter, (040510, 040590), Annual Series: 2007 - 2011, Year To Date: 08/2011 & 08/2012, Quantity Partner Calendar Year Year To Date Coun Unit try 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 08/2011 08/2012 %Change World T 72994 80060 54033 72088 73443 49317 34382 - 30.28 EU-27 T 33612 22991 20982 32846 26887 19059 14425 - 24.31 New Z T 25635 22953 26371 27111 30550 22452 11902 - 46.99 ealand Finland T 15400 14556 12604 11910 11715 8573 7678 - 10.44 Uruguay T 4424 2125 879 2033 5271 1486 2400 61.49 Argentina T 6158 10855 3150 3044 5082 1512 2788 84.36 France T 1223 1816 2482 5132 4936 3314 2402 - 27.51 Australia T 1409 3584 1760 3237 3756 3197 2697 - 15.63 Chile T 0 0 0 125 776 551 150 - 72.75 Ukraine T 0 0 0 0 599 599 20 - 96.66 United T 1485 16690 224 3069 0 0 0 N/A States Source: Global Trade Atlas - Excludes Belarus (entire time series) and Kazakhstan (since mid-2010) NOTE: EU-27 data includes data which are elsewhere reported in the table for specific Member States Table 14. Imports of WMP (040221, 040229), Annual Series: 2007 - 2011, Year To Date: 08/2011 & 08/2012, Quantity Partner Calendar Year Year To Date Coun Unit try 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 08/2011 08/2012 %Change World T 2611 7151 4582 14736 5319 4700 1293 - 72.49 EU-27 T 475 718 3944 6460 2811 2313 329 - 85.79 Germany T 20 34 140 558 1679 1666 22 - 98.69 Argentina T 0 0 200 2614 725 725 0 - 100.00 Ukraine T 1994 6434 439 3285 456 456 412 - 9.65 Australia T 0 0 0 201 361 356 245 - 31.12 New Z T 0 0 0 46 342 330 252 - 23.60 ealand Source: Global Trade Atlas - Excludes Belarus (entire time series) and Kazakhstan (since mid-2010) NOTE: EU-27 data includes data which are elsewhere reported in the table for specific Member States Table 15. Imports of NFDM, (040210), Annual Series: 2007 - 2011, Year To Date: 07/2011 & 07/2012, Quantity Partner Calendar Year Year To Date Coun Unit try 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 07/2011 07/2012 %Change World T 10253 11535 7973 62819 27179 21162 14215 - 32.83 EU-27 T 3326 5691 7198 50745 19024 14291 6526 - 54.33 Germany T 531 991 928 8741 5914 4459 1309 - 70.64 Ukraine T 5647 4299 0 1498 5674 4434 7023 58.38 France T 434 0 2093 15304 4729 4026 925 - 77.01 Finland T 211 85 1625 4357 4711 3657 2320 - 36.55 Australia T 0 0 0 360 1121 1102 238 - 78.41 Argentina T 0 0 0 2696 504 504 0 - 100.00 United T 1260 1545 0 4173 0 0 0 n/a States Source: Global Trade Atlas - Excludes Belarus (entire time series) and Kazakhstan (since mid-2010) NOTE: EU-27 data includes data which are elsewhere reported in the table for specific Member States
Posted: 28 November 2012

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