Cotton and Products Update

An Expert's View about Textiles, Apparel and Accessories in Senegal

Posted on: 13 Oct 2011

Post forecasts MY 2011/12 (August/July) seed cotton production for selected West African countries at 1.13 million tons, a 36 percent increase from the year before, primarily based on sharp production gains in Mali.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 09/25/2011 GAIN Report Number: Senegal Cotton and Products Update Approved By: Joani Dong, Agricultural Attaché Prepared By: Russell Knight, Assistant Agricultural Attaché Fana Sylla, Agricultural Specialist Report Highlights: Post forecasts MY 2011/12 (August/July) seed cotton production for selected West African countries at 1.13 million tons, a 36 percent increase from the year before, primarily based on sharp production gains in Mali. Mali moves closer to privatization with its selection of a Chinese company likely to purchase two subsidiaries. Burkina Faso could reach 430,000 tons, owing to late planting because of late rains and to farmer boycotts and sabotage of production as protest to high input prices and lower than expected increases in farm gate prices. All five countries increased farm gate seed cotton prices for MY 2011/12. 1 Post: Dakar Table of Contents West African Cotton Outlook MY 2011/2012 in Selected Countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Burkina Faso . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Mali . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Cote d?Ivoire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Chad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Senegal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Table 1: Seed Cotton Production: MY 2009/10 ? MY 2011/12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Table 2: Official Farm Gate Price for First Quality Seed Cotton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 List of Acronyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 2 West African Cotton Outlook MY 2011/2012 in Selected Countries* Seed cotton production of 834,000 tons for MY 2010/11 (August/July) in selected West African countries grew slightly from MY 2009/10. Chad and Senegal posted substantial gains in seed cotton production at 51 and 43 percent in MY 2010/11. For MY 2011/12, all five governments allowed farm gate seed cotton prices to increase with the international cotton fiber market. Post estimates they will together produce about 1.13 million tons (2.2 million bales) of seed cotton during MY 2011/12 compared to total Bt cotton plant in Burkina Faso government target of 1.410 million tons (2.7 million (Source: FAS Dakar) bales). B urkina Faso will not reach its target of 600,000 tons as cotton producers boycotted from April to July 20 1 1 a n d e v e n a t t a c k e d o t h e r f a r m e r ? s c o t t o n f i e l d s . P r o testers demanded that it receive a farm gate pr ice of $1.11 (500 F CFA) per kg, quite a hike from the previous years? farm gate price of $.41 (182 F CFA) per kg. They received $0.54 (245 F CFA) per kg and complained about high input prices. The late start of the rainy season did not help matters. Despite disrupted production, Post believes that Burkina Faso could reach about 430,000 tons based on area planted. In MY 2011/12, the Government of Mali (GOM) reached out to motivate farmers to return to cotton to reach its target of 500,000 tons. However, despite the ambitious goal, Post believes Mali could more likely reach 425,000 tons based on planted acres at 498,000 hectares reported at the end of July, assuming a conservative yield of 850 kg per hectare; good rainfall; all seed cotton harvested by farmers are collected; and sufficient ginning capacity. Chad seed cotton production for MY 2011/12 could drop to 40,000 tons which falls short of 60,000 tons as forecasted by the Government of Chad (GOC). Farmers weren?t provided enough fertilizer by the government, and only 27 percent of their needs were met. Based on the previous years? cotton production of 26,000 tons, Post believes Senegal may reach 40,000 tons instead of 50,000 tons as forecasted by Government of Senegal. Post is confident that Cote d?Ivoire is likely to meet its target of 200,000 tons as it offers the highest farm gate prices which should spur production to surpass last year?s harvests. * Includes Burkina Faso, Chad, Cote d?Ivoire, Mali and Senegal. Benin is now covered by FAS Lagos. (Note - For more information on the history and structure of the cotton sector in West Africa, refer to GAIN reports SG7011, SG7020, SG8001, SG8012 and SG8020.) 3 Table 1: Seed Cotton Production: MY 2009/10 ? MY 2011/12 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2011/12 2011/12 2011/12 USDA USDA Post Post Countries Post Official Official Preliminary Preliminary Preliminary Preliminary Production Production Forecast Forecast Forecast Forecast Production Production Production Area harvested * (000 Bales) (000 (000 Bales) (000 Tons) (000 Tons) Bales) (000 Hectares) Burkina 700 652 830 430 600 430 Faso Mali 440 470 820 425 500 500 Cote 356 337 386 200 200 221 d?Ivoire Chad 67 101 77 40 60 77 Senegal 35 50 77 40 50 38 Total 1,598 1,610 2,191 1,135 1,410 1,286 *1 Bale = 480 lbs. (Source: FAS Dakar estimates and individual country official data) Table 2: Official Farm Gate Price for First Quality Seed Cotton Official 2009/10 Official 2010/11 Farm Official 2011/12 Farm Farm Gate Price for Gate Price for First Gate Price for First Selected First Quality (F Quality (F CFA) Quality (F CFA) Countries CFA) Burkina Faso 168 ($0.38) 182 ($0.41) 245 ($0.55) Mali 184 ($0.41) 185 ($0.42) 255 ($0.57) Cote d?Ivoire 175 ($0.39) 210 ($0.47) 265 ($0.59) Chad 180 ($0.40) 180 ($0.40) 215 ($0.48) Senegal 185 ($0.42) 205 ($0.46) 255 ($0.57) (Source: Official sources; $1= 450 F CFA; F CFA per kg) Burkina Faso Previously, the Government of Burkina Faso (GOBF) had forecasted MY 2010/11 seed cotton production at 451,300 tons, but reduced this to 337,556 tons, a seven percent decrease from MY 2009/10. Final area harvested is estimated at 363,000 hectares. MY 2011/12 production target (600,000 tons) set by the Burkinabe Interprofessionnal Cotton Association (AICB) reflects a 77 percent increase from MY 2010/11. However, Post estimates MY 2011/12 seed cotton production at 430,000 tons due to farmer protests and late start of the rainy season which delayed planting. In fact, on April 2011, cotton producers boycotted the MY 2011/12 season stemming from dissatisfaction with higher input prices and price received for cotton. With higher oil prices, input prices increased 25 percent from the previous campaign: $36.52 (16,436 F CFA) for fertilizer and $40 (18,000 F CFA) for urea per 50 kg bag. Farmers observed that fertilizer 4 prices in neighboring Mali were comparatively lower as fertilizer there is more highly subsidized, but overall volumes are considerably less than required by Burkina Faso?s cotton sector. Farmers demanded a 174 percent increase from last year?s 182 F CFA on farm gate seed cotton price amounting $1.11 (500 F CFA) per kg for MY 2011/12, based on the belief that they deserved a quarter of the highest possible indexed market price (which is said to be unobtainable) for cotton fiber at $4.44 per kg (2,000 F CFA) FOB during April/May 2011. In response, GOBF reduced fertilizer and urea prices by $2.22 (1,000 F CFA) per 50 kg bag which corresponds to a contribution of $5.7 million (2.6 billion F CFA) supported by the three major cotton companies (SOFITEX, Faso Coton and SOCOMA). However, GOBF did not agree to readjust the farm gate seed cotton price which follows an official consensual mechanism determined by all actors involved in the cotton sector, including government and donors and ensures a ?floor? purchase price. Therefore, MY 2011/12, seed cotton farm gate price will remain at $0.54 per kg (245 CFA per kg) which is already a 35 percent increase compared to MY 2010/11. An additional rebate could be given to cotton farmers if world prices continue to increase through the campaign. As a result of the protests, General Director of SOFITEX resigned in June 2011 after 16 years of service and was replaced by Jean Paul Sawadogo, former Minister of Agriculture and Animal Resources. Area planted in Bt cotton is expected to decrease compared to previous year (50 percent in MY 2011/12 compared to 66 percent in MY 2010/11). This was not due to issues having to do with production of Bt cotton (since yields are said to typically run 30 percent higher than conventional cotton) or to farmers?s lack of appreciation for the benefits derived from Bt cotton (since they greatly value the derived health and labor saving benefits of shaving pesticide use from six treatments for conventional cotton to two applications for Bt varieties. Bt and conventional cotton farmers had to replant cotton seeds many times at the beginning of the season. Late rains meant low germination, and too much rain meant excess humidity causing seeds to rot. Bt cotton farmers complained about not having enough seeds on-hand. Their complaints were merited. Farmers had to contact SOFITEX technicians based in their locality who would in turn inform the main office in the town of Bobo-Dioulasso where the number of seeds provided to farmers would be documented. Therefore, farmers were discouraged because of delays and potential for onslaught of rain at any moment. To address these concerns, in late July 2011, seeds were made available on site and freely given what farmer felt they needed. He would no longer be charged by number of seeds, but by area planted. There are a number of ongoing activities in the cotton sector: Officials drafted an amendment to the biosafety law that included stricter liability and damages associated with socio-economic/cultural impact from GMO?s or derived products. It was tabled on Jun 25, 2011 and slated to pass nine days later. At the last minute, this was postponed to allow cotton stakeholders time to request clarification and provide comment before parliament convenes October 2011. 5 Confined field trials are being conducted on the new Monsanto third generation cotton variety, Bollgard III with Roundup Ready Flex. Bollgard III retains the qualities of Bollgard II but adds Syngenta?s Vip3a protein to control bollworm and is stacked with herbicide-tolerance technologies. Bollgard II contains the crystaline proteins Cry1Ab and Cry 2ab toxic to many insects. In 2007, the National Union for Cotton Producers in Burkina Faso (UNPCB) partnered with Victoria?s Secret, a well known American retailer of lingerie, which is a part of the consortium Limited Brands. The quantity of organic cotton produced by women increased from 600 tons to 2,000 tons - 4,000 tons in four years, and 94 percent of the cotton fiber is ranked good quality (Boby Super) with almost no contamination. The USAID West African Cotton Improvement program (WACIP) provided UNPCB with a grant in 2007 and another in 2008 to train selected producers in how to grow and manage cotton as well as provided post harvest kits at a cost of $13.30 (6,000 F CFA) made of six special cotton bags for harvest, collection and transport. Funding ended in 2010 but was extended for 2011 at reduced levels of funding. Normally polypropylene sacks are used but the sacks contaminate the seed cotton negatively impacting cotton processors and ultimately West Africa?s image for providing high quality cotton. However, support for organic cotton activities was not included. Victoria?s Secret is interested in looking into public-private partnership. In 2006, the French Development Agency (AFD) and the Burkinabe union of cotton farmers created a funding mechanism (fonds de lissage) to manage short-term highly volatile cotton prices through a matching and withdrawal system. This was in response to the cotton crisis in the country when cotton acreage and distribution revenue decreased. The fund is used to compensate discrepancies between pre-harvest set prices and observed world prices at time of commercialization. The fund will compensate cotton companies in case, at the end of the commercialization campaign, they would have paid producers higher prices than the market would allow and when the international prices trend is positive, farmers may receive a rebate. This fund was scheduled to function until 2011. AFD loaned to the GOBF $21.8 million (9.8 billion F CFA), and the UNPCB contributed $4.3 million (1.9 billion F CFA). Based on a 2010 study of the mechanism, improvements were implemented on the method of calculation for the seed cotton price. Farmers received a rebate of $0.06 per kg (28 F CFA) at the end of the MY 2010/11 a higher price for MY 2011/12 $0.55 (245 FCFA per kg). Since last year, the World Bank has been funding a feasibility study on producers? income insurance which would mitigate the impact of recurrent weather risks. The study will provide technical advice and capacity building services so that the GOBF can quantify and effectively secure budgetary ?insurance? in the case of drought shocks. The project will also set indicators on how to measure drought. The Banque Ouest Africaine de Developpement (BOAD) and the Centre for Development of Enterprise (CDE) funded an identification and promotion study for the establishment of regional cotton industry units within WAEMU countries. The study predicts that a textile industry could process 25 percent of local cotton production and generate 50,000 jobs. This initiative could be challenging for WAEMU countries because of unreliable and unaffordable electricity. In Mali 6 and Burkina Faso, only two to three percent of seed cotton is processed locally. WAEMU oversees the cotton sector initiative co-authored by Benin, Burkina, Mali and Chad that is funded by the African Development Bank (ADB) to implement a multinational program to improve the competitiveness of the cotton-textile industry. A budget of $60 million will support access to inputs, more productive cotton seed, new roads in rural areas, and training young people and women in the craft sector. The privatization of the cotton sector is still ongoing with three Burkinabe cotton operators - SOFITEX (controlled mainly by GOBF), SOCOMA (primarily controlled by Geocoton (France)), and Faso Coton (established in 2004 by an Ivorian company, Ivoire Coton) sharing cotton production zones. Sofitex sold the Ouagadougou zone to Fasocoton and the Fada Ngourma zone to Geocoton. The Koudougou cotton zone has not yet been privatized by Sofitex which will likely organize a tender to find a potential buyer. Mali The Compagnie Malienne pour le Développement des Textiles (CMDT), a state-owned company involved in cotton production and textiles development, confirmed MY 2010/11 seed cotton production at 243,588 tons, a seven percent increase from MY 2009/10 (229,000 tons). Farmers were motivated to grow more cotton because MY 2009/10 payments were made on time; inputs were subsidized by the government and MY 2010/11 farm gate cotton price increased to $0.41(185 F CFA) per kg with an additional refund of $0.03 per kg. However, lack of rain cut plans. Only 281, 211 hectares were planted compared to the government target of 300,000 hectares. For MY 2011/12, Mali is likely to see a boost of cotton production. By the end of July 2011, farmers planted 498,000 hectares or 95 percent of Mali?s projected plantings. In fact, Mali forecasted producing 500,000 tons of seed cotton in MY 2011/12 compared to 243,588 tons in MY 2010/11. However, Post estimates Mali seed cotton production at 425,000 tons which represents a 74 percent increase from MY 2010/11. The CMDT and the union of cotton producers motivated cotton producers to grow more cotton this year with the following: Settled internal debts within farmer?s cooperatives valued at $6.8 billion (3.1 billion F CFA) Distributed cotton inputs and fertilizers on time at the same subsidized price as MY 2010/11 ($27.78 (12,500 F CFA) per 50 kg bag). The amount of cotton fertilizers subsidies for MY 2010/11 was $22 million (10 billion F CFA). Increased farm gate cotton price by 39 percent to $0.57 (255 F CFA) per kg in MY 2011/12 Replaced the system of caution solidaire (the whole village takes out a loan) with cercle de caution (allows small groups of farmers to borrow jointly). In addition, CMDT reinforced its extension services by hiring more technicians to work closely with farmers and mechanical engineers. The National Union of Cooperative Societies of cotton Producers 7 and Food (UN-SCPCV) and CMDT organized an awareness campaign to mobilize all cotton producers in the country. A Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the UN-SCPCV and Kafo Jiginew, a microfinance institution was signed on April 28, 2011. The MOU allows $ 3.3 million (1.5 billion F CFA) worth of loans to farmers to purchase agricultural equipments. Since 2008, GOM has taken steps to privatize CMDT, including the following: Created a national strategic framework for the cotton sector in 2010 Established structures of regulation including the Malian inter-professional organization for cotton (IPC), Cotton Producer?s Cooperatives, and the Office of Cotton Classification. A law to create a Cotton Regulatory Authority was also adopted in February 2011 and is being reviewed at the Parliament. It would be responsible for ensuring compliance with rules governing the activities of the cotton sector, proposing measures to improve the functioning of the sector, sanctioning improper activities in the sector, and contributing to the settlement of disputes between industry players. Implemented a social plan to encourage employees to take the option of early retirement option. Today, there are 1,411 employees remaining at CMDT. Divided CMDT into four subsidiaries for privatization and will allocate 61 percent to the private company, 20 percent to the producers, 17 percent to the Government and two percent to the CMDT staff. Those four companies are located in the northeast (Koutiala and San regions), south (Sikasso and Bougouni regions); west (Kita region) and center (Fana region). In 2010, Mali issued an international tender to privatize the four subsidiaries. Of the six private companies prequalified (Yue mei, Louis Dreyfus Commodities, Geocoton, Olam International, Ivoire Coton, FAMAB), only Yue Mei (China) was finally selected. It is suggested that Yue Mei will buy the two subsidiaries in the West and South regions. Both subsidiaries will cover three regions that have a seed cotton production capacity of 326,000 tons. They will also have 7 cotton ginning factories with a total capacity of 325,000 tons in a 150-day campaign. Transfer of assets between CMDT and Yue Mei are expected to conclude by December 2011. GOM is also asking Yue Mei to process at least 20 percent of the cotton domestically. This leaves the center and northeast regions to be privatized. Bakary Togola, President of the UN-SCPCV, told Post on August 24, 2011, he believes that farmers may be able to buy the CMDT companies, especially since they stand to gain more revenue this year with the high cotton price increase. Post wonders how long GOM will continue efforts to motivate cotton farmers given intervening presidential elections in 2012 and the fact that new owners of CMDT companies may have differing objectives. As in Burkina Faso, WACIP is also training cotton farmers in the region of Fana on good agricultural practices and adoption of good harvest, storage and marketing methods. Contaminated seed cotton from polypropylene bags and waste during harvest prevent cotton industries from securing good market prices and shaking the perception of African cotton as low quality. 8 Cote d?Ivoire The final figure for seed cotton production during MY 2010/11 is 174,880 tons, 19 percent lower than Cote d?Ivoire?s initial target. For MY 2011/12, the Government of Cote d?Ivoire (GOCI) forecasts production at 200,000 tons, just 50 percent of its production capacity. MY 2011/12 cotton input prices vary from $35.56 (16,000 F CFA) for per 50 kg bag of urea; $38.89 (17,500 F CFA) per 50 kg bag of fertilizers; and $77.78 (35,000 F CFA) per ha for insecticides. Cotton farm gate prices for MY 2011/12 are fixed at $0.57 (265 F CFA) per kg after a month of negotiations between producers and ginning companies. This price is a 26 percent increase from MY 2010/11. It is also the highest price given out of all West African countries in our report and should strongly motivate farmers to grow more cotton. Given the high price boost, previous year cotton production and reorganization of the cotton sector to boost cotton production, Post is confident that Cote d?Ivoire will reach its 200,000 ton target. On March 2011, Seydou Soro, the deputy chief of the Ivorian Minister of Agriculture, during an interview on the West African News Network (WANN) explained why the Ivorian cotton sector had not been performing well. He stated that the sector needed to be restructured into cooperatives, as in the past, and government services i.e., Agence Nationale D'appui Au Developpement Rural (Anader) should provide more technical assistance to cotton farmers to increase cotton capacity of production in Cote d?Ivoire. Other factors include competition between cotton, rice, corn and, in particular, cashew as the raw nuts grow on a perennial tree that does not need a lot of inputs compared to cotton. Cashew production has increased from 40,000 tons to 400,000 tons in ten years in Cote d?Ivoire. Its farm gate price is also rising and has been fixed in MY 2011/12 at $0.62 (279 F CFA) per kg. Almost all cashew production is exported to India and Vietnam. Chad Chadian cotton producers harvested 52,570 tons on 131,700 hectares in MY 2010/11. For MY 2011/12, Government of Chad (GOC) forecast 60,000 tons of seed cotton production representing a 14 percent increase. To motivate farmers to grow more cotton, GOC raised the farm gate cotton seed price to $0.48 (215 F CFA) for the first time in the past three year, and chemical fertilizer were sold at a subsidized price at $33.34 (15,000 F CFA) per 50 kg bag and $31.12 (14,000 F CFA) for 50 kg bag of urea. In addition, Government of Chad (GOC) adopted a draft law on March 2011 that authorizes two loans for a total of $66 million (29.7 million F CFA) that the consortium of banks will allow to Cotontchad to finance the MY 2010/11 and MY 2011/12 cotton campaign. Despite these incentives, Post doubts that the GOC?s target will be reached since farmers only received 27 percent of their fertilizer needs (10,000 tons) and estimates MY 2011/12 seed cotton production at 40,000 tons. So far, there has not been any further action to privatize Cotontchad and if the GOC does not seriously implement the reform plan proposed by the Bank for Central African Countries (BEAC) 9 and the European Union, Cotontchad would face dire financial straits. Senegal Senegal remains the most consistent (albeit small) producer in the region of high quality fiber. MY 2010/11 seed cotton production reached 26,000 tons with 98 percent of first choice sold at $0.46 (205 F CFA) per kg. Retail price of cotton seed was fixed at $0.30 (135 F CFA) per kg. Government of Senegal (GOS) aims to produce 50,000 tons of seed cotton in MY 2011/12 and reach record production since MY2002/03. However, Post, believes that 40,000 tons may be overly ambititious given last year?s production of 26,000 tons. On May 2011, Ahmed Bachir Diop, CEO of the Societe de Developpement des Fibres Textiles (SODEFITEX), announced several measures to motivate farmers to grow more cotton and reach the MY 2011/12 target: Increase in seed cotton prices by 24 percent from $0.46 (205 F CFA) per kg to $0.57 (255 F CFA) per kg Increase in number of assistance centers Joint collaboration between SODEFITEX and the Federation Nationale des Producteurs de Coton (FNPC) to avoid intermediaries that could increase fertilizers prices. Six year moratorium on outstanding credit granted by the National Agricultural Bank (Caisse Nationale de Crédit Agricole du Sénégal - CNCAS) Increase in credit to farmers before harvesting season refundable during MY 2011/12 for those who plant earlier and do not have any outstanding debt Refund of $0.02 (9 F CFA) per kg if farmers meet the target of 50,000 tons in MY2011/12 GOS announced total cost of MY 2011/12 cotton program for $12.6 million (5.7 billion F CFA) in which the state would provide a subsidy for $3.5 million (1.6 billion F CFA) and SODEFITEX for $771,000 (347 million F CFA) in order to retain input prices at the same level as the previous campaign and support the revival of cotton production. India, the largest shareholder of the Senegalese Chemical Industries (ICS), will apply a 15 percent discount in fertilizer prices. In addition, CNCAS will finance a program for farmers to buy equipment. The program budget is estimated at $111,000 (50 million F CFA). MY 2011/12 will be the second year of the approved triennial plan 2011-2013 to boost cotton production in Senegal. This recovery plan has several components including communications activities, literacy, seed stocks renewal, training sessions for farmers, technical relays, rural managers, and cooperatives known as Groups of Cotton Producers (GPC). 10 Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics Burkina Faso MY 2009/10 MY 2010/11 MY 2011/12 Market Year Begins Aug Market Year Market Year Begins Aug 2009 Begins Aug 2010 2011 USDA Of USDA ficial Post Off P USDA ost New Post icial Official Area Planted 0 0 0 Area Harvested 420 420 400 400 400 430 Beginning Stocks 248 248 169 169 140 141 Production 700 700 650 652 700 830 Imports 0 0 0 0 0 0 MY Imports from 0 0 0 0 0 0 U.S. Total Supply 948 948 819 821 840 971 Exports 775 775 675 675 650 775 Use 4 4 4 5 4 5 Loss 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total Dom. Cons. 4 4 4 5 4 5 Ending Stocks 169 169 140 141 186 191 Total Distribution 948 948 819 821 840 971 1,000 HA, 1,000 480 lb. Bales, Percent, Kg/Ha Mali MY 2009/10 MY 2010/11 MY 2011/12 Market Year Market Year Market Year Begins Aug 2009 Begins Aug 2010 Begins Aug 2011 USDA USDA New Off P USDA ost icial Off Post icial Official Post Area Planted 0 0 0 0 0 0 Area Harvested 250 250 260 281 400 500 Beginning Stocks 117 117 92 92 92 77 Production 440 440 475 470 700 820 Imports 0 0 0 0 0 0 MY Imports from 0 0 0 0 0 0 U.S. Total Supply 557 557 567 562 792 897 Exports 440 440 450 460 625 803 Use 25 25 25 25 25 25 Loss 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total Dom. Cons. 25 25 25 25 25 25 Ending Stocks 92 92 92 77 142 69 Total Distribution 557 557 567 562 792 897 11 1,000 Ha, 1,000 480 lb. Bales, Percent, Kg/Ha Cote d'Ivoire MY 2009/10 MY 2010/11 MY 2011/12 Market Year Market Year Market Year Begins Aug 2009 Begins Aug 2010 Begins Aug 2011 USDA USDA New Off Post icial Off P USDA ost icial Official Post Area Planted 0 0 0 Area Harvested 200 218 210 202 230 221 Beginning Stocks 105 105 85 166 165 153 Production 325 356 350 337 400 386 Imports 0 0 0 0 0 0 MY Imports from 0 0 0 0 0 0 U.S. Total Supply 430 461 435 503 565 539 Exports 300 225 225 300 350 350 Use 45 70 45 50 45 50 Loss 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total Dom. Cons. 45 70 45 50 45 50 Ending Stocks 85 166 165 153 170 139 Total Distribution 430 461 435 503 565 539 1,000 Ha, 1,000 480 lb. Bales, Percent, Kg/Ha Chad MY 2009/10 MY 2010/11 MY 2011/12 Market Year Market Year Market Year Begins Aug 2009 Begins Aug 2010 Begins Aug 2011 USDA USDA New Off P USDA ost icial Off Post icial Official Post Area Planted 0 0 0 0 0 Area Harvested 80 78 100 281 400 500 Beginning Stocks 48 48 23 92 92 77 Production 65 67 100 470 700 820 Imports 0 0 0 0 0 0 MY Imports from 0 0 0 0 0 0 U.S. Total Supply 113 115 123 562 792 897 Exports 75 77 90 460 625 803 Use 15 15 15 25 25 25 Loss 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total Dom. Cons. 15 15 15 25 25 25 Ending Stocks 23 23 18 77 142 69 12 Total Distribution 113 115 123 562 792 897 1,000 Ha, 1,000 480 lb. Bales, Percent, Kg/Ha Senegal MY 2009/10 MY 2010/11 MY 2011/12 Market Year Market Year Market Year Begins Aug 2009 Begins Aug 2010 Begins Aug 2011 USDA USDA New Off P USDA ost icial Off Post icial Official Post Area Planted 0 0 0 Area Harvested 23 23 27 27 30 38 Beginning Stocks 34 34 9 6 14 9 Production 35 35 50 50 60 77 Imports 0 0 0 0 0 0 MY Imports from 0 0 0 0 0 0 U.S. Total Supply 69 69 59 56 74 86 Exports 40 45 25 42 35 50 Use 20 18 20 5 20 5 Loss 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total Dom. Cons. 20 18 20 5 20 5 Ending Stocks 9 6 14 9 19 31 Total Distribution 69 69 59 56 74 86 1,000 Ha, 1000 480 lb. Bales, Percent, Kg/Ha 13 List of Acronyms AFD French Development Agency AICB Burkinabe Interprofessionnal Cotton Association Anader Agence Nationale D'appui Au Developpement Rural BEAC Bank for Central African Countries BOAD Banque Ouest Africaine de Développement CDE Centre for Development of Enterprise CMDT Compagnie Malienne pour le Développement des Textiles CNCAS Caisse Nationale de Crédit Agricole du Sénégal GOBF Government of Burkina Faso GOC Government of Chad GOCI Government of Cote d?Ivoire GOM Government of Mali GPC Groups of Cotton Producers SODEFITEX Société de Développement des Fibres Textiles SOFITEX Société des Fibres Textiles UNPCB National Union for Cotton Producers in Burkina Faso UN-SCPCV National Union of Cooperative Societies of cotton Producers and Food WACIP West African Cotton Improvement program WANN West African News Network 14
Posted: 13 October 2011

See more from Textiles, Apparel and Accessories in Senegal

Expert Views    
Cotton and Products Update   By Foreign Agricultural Service
Senegal - Cotton and Products Annual 2013   By Foreign Agricultural Service
Cotton and Products Annual   By Foreign Agricultural Service
Cotton and Products Update   By Foreign Agricultural Service