On January 20, 2012, Korea published the import health requirements (IHRs) for Canadian beef from animals.
THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY
USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT
GAIN Report Number: KS1221
Korea - Republic of
Korea Resumes Imports of Canadian Beef
Livestock and Products
Michael G. Francom
On January 20, 2012, Korea published the import health requirements (IHRs) for Canadian beef from animals
less than thirty months of age in the country?s official gazette. This publication marks the official re-opening of
the market since Canada?s first case of BSE in 2003. According to local press reports, the first shipment of
Canadian beef cleared quarantine inspection in early March 2012. This report contains the translated IHRs
published in the official gazette, which were originally notified to the WTO (WT/DS391/8) on July 7, 2011.
Import Health Requirements for Canadian Beef
These requirements apply to the beef exported from Canada to the Republic of Korea
(hereinafter referred to as "Korea").
1. Definitions of the terms used in the import health requirements are as follows:
(1) "BSE" means Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy.
(2) "Cattle" means domesticated bovine animals (Bos taurus and Bos indicus) that were born and
raised in Canada or legally imported into Canada from a country deemed eligible by the Korean
government to export beef to Korea.
(3) "Specified Risk Materials "(SRMs) means:
(a) tonsils and distal ileum from cattle of all ages; and
(b) brains, eyes, spinal cord, skull and vertebral column from cattle 30 months of age and
over at the time of slaughter.
(4) "Beef for export" includes all edible parts including bones, which are produced out of cattle less
than 30 months of age at the time of slaughter. However, "beef for export" excludes SRMs;
brains, eyes, spinal cord, skull and vertebral column (excluding vertebrae of the tail, transverse
processes of the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae and wings of the sacrum) of cattle less than 30
months of age at the time of slaughter; all mechanically recovered meat (MRM)/mechanically
separated meat (MSM); advanced meat recovery products (AMR); intestines from duodenum to
rectum; ground meat and processed beef products.
(5) "Food-safety hazard" means any biological, chemical or physical property that may cause food to
be unfit for human consumption.
(6) "Serious non-compliance" means a food-safety hazard in a shipped product or a food-safety
hazard found during a system audit.
(7) "Public health hazard" in Article 5 means incidents that pose a threat to health and safety of its
people, such as any portion of the BSE positive cattle has entered the human food supply chain in
2. Prior to the loading of the beef, it is required that:
(a) Canada has been free from foot-and-mouth disease for the past 12 months, and has been free from
rinderpest, contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, lumpy skin disease and Rift Valley fever for the
past 24 months; and
(b) Vaccination has not been carried out against the aforementioned diseases. Notwithstanding the
above, in the event that the Korean government acknowledges that the Canadian government is
conducting an effective stamping-out policy against the specific disease, the required period for
recognizing Canada as being free of that disease might be shortened in accordance with the
World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) guidelines after Korea conducts a risk analysis.
3. In the event that a disease set out in Article 2 occurs in Canada, the Canadian government must
immediately suspend the exportation of beef to Korea and provide the Korean government with pertinent
information. The Canadian government shall consult with the Korean government in advance when it wishes to
resume the exportation of beef to Korea.
4. The Canadian government must continuously maintain measures to effectively detect and prevent the
introduction and spread of BSE, including removal of SRM, feed ban and surveillance program in accordance
with the laws and regulations of Canada. The Canadian government must inform the Korean government of any
introduction, repeal or amendment of BSE-related measures or laws and regulations in advance.
5. In the event that (an) additional case(s) of BSE occur(s) in Canada, the Canadian government shall
immediately inform the Korean government of the case(s), and provide relevant data and information, including
relevant epidemiological information, while the Korean government, upon recognition of the additional case(s) of
BSE in Canada, will suspend quarantine inspection on the imported beef from Canada, and after receiving
information from the Canadian government, the Korean government will lift the quarantine suspension measure
without delay when it determines that the beef for export does not pose a public health hazard to its people under
the Contagious Animal Disease Prevention Act of Korea. If the Korean government determines that it does pose a
public health hazard to its people, it can take measures to suspend the importation of the beef for exportation into
Korea to protect health and safety of its people.
Requirements for Meat Establishments
6. Establishments (slaughterhouses, processing plants and storage facilities) shall be designated by the
Canadian government as being eligible for producing beef for export to Korea, and such establishments shall be
notified to the Korean government in advance, and approved by the Korean government through on-site
inspections or other means.
7. The Canadian government shall maintain a regular monitoring and auditing program for meat
establishments that produce beef for export to Korea to ensure they comply with this "Import Health
Requirements for Canadian Beef" and Canadian regulations. In the event of a serious non-compliance against the
import health requirements has been found as a result of such program, the Canadian government shall
immediately suspend the issuance of export certificates for beef of the relevant establishment, and inform the
Korean government of reasons and relevant information regarding the matter. Only when the Canadian
government determines that the corrective actions are adequate will production be allowed to resume. After
completion of the corrective actions by the relevant establishment, the Canadian government will inform this to
the Korean government.
8. The Korean government can conduct on-site inspections and investigate the original records on the
establishment for export to Korea, and can take measures including suspension of the export of the establishment
if serious non-compliance with this "Import Health Requirements for Canadian Beef" is found. When the
Canadian government informs the Korean government of the completion of the corrective actions for the non-
compliance of the relevant establishment, the Korean government confirms whether the corrective actions were
taken appropriately through on-site inspection or other means. When the Korean government determines that the
result of corrective actions is adequate, the Korean government can lift the suspension of exportation. The Korean
government can rescind the approval of the establishment concerned if repetitive incidents of serious non-
compliance are identified.
9. Establishments that produce beef for export to Korea shall have in place and operate proper sanitation
control programs that include the determination of age, removal of SRM, identification of carcass and offal
eligible for export and removal of ineligible parts for export.
Requirements for Beef
10. Cattle to produce beef for export (hereinafter referred to as "slaughtered cattle") must not be suspected or
confirmed BSE cases, or confirmed progenies or cohorts of BSE cases.
11. The age of cattle at the time of slaughter must be verified to be less than 30 months of age by the
documentation authorized by the Canadian government. However, in the event that the identification is not
available by the documentation, dentition shall be used to verify the age of cattle.
12. The beef for export shall be derived from cattle that were slaughtered in meat establishments which are
approved by the Korean government and that passed ante- and post-mortem inspection conducted by CFIA
inspector under the supervision of the resident official veterinarian from the Canadian government.
13. The beef for export shall be derived from cattle that were not subjected to a stunning process prior to
slaughter, with a device injecting compressed air or gas into the cranial cavity or to a pithing process.
14. The beef for export shall be produced and handled in a manner which ensures that it does not contain and
is not contaminated with SRM, mechanically recovered meat/mechanically separated meat (MRM/MSM), and
advanced meat recovery product (AMR).
15. The beef for export must not contain residues posing a public health hazard (radioactivity, synthetic
antibiotic substances, antibiotic substances, heavy metals, pesticides, hormones, etc.) and pathogenic
microorganisms in quantities exceeding the tolerance levels established by the Korean government and when the
beef for export is treated with ionizing radiation, ultraviolet rays and tenderizer, it shall follow the Korean
16. The beef for export must be packaged with clean and sanitary material.
17. Production, storage and transportation of the beef for export must be handled in such a manner as to
prevent contamination by communicable animal disease pathogens.
18. Refrigerator or cold storage rooms on a vessel (aircraft) or container that transports the beef must be
sealed by using the seal of the Canadian government or the Canadian government-authorized seal. An official
veterinarian of the Canadian government must verify this and issue a health certificate.
19. The Canadian government shall issue the export health certificate that contains the following information
in detail and submit it to the quarantine authority of the Korean government:
(1) Information required in the Article 2 and 9-18 above;
(2) Name of the product (including species), number of packages, and weight (N/W) listed by each
final processing plant;
(3) Names, addresses and approval numbers of the slaughterhouse, processing plant and storage
(4) Slaughtering period and/or processing period;
(5) Container number and seal number;
(6) Name of the vessel (aircraft), date of shipment, name of shipping port;
(7) Addresses and names of the consignor and the consignee;
(8) Date of issue of the health certificate, name and signature of the issuer and the organization to
which he/she belongs.
20. In the event that non-compliance with these import health requirements is found during the quarantine
inspection of beef for export conducted by the Korean government, the Korean government can take the following
(1) The Korean government may return the beef for export to its origin or destroy it if any
discrepancy against the health requirements of Korea is found.
(2) In the case that any SRM is found or any residue designated by Korean government is detected
during quarantine inspection, the Korean government can take a measure to suspend the
exportation from the relevant establishment, and in that case the Korean government can lift the
export restriction through on-site inspections or other means after it is informed by the Canadian
government that the corrective actions for the establishment are completed.
(3) In the case of serious non-compliance with import health requirements, the Korean government
will conduct at least 5 consecutive inspections (on the quantity totaling at least 5 times of the
quantity of non-compliance) for the beef for export produced in the same establishment. If no
additional non-compliance is detected after the increased inspection, the Korean government will
return to its normal track;
(4) If the two cases of serious non-compliance are found in the beef for export produced in the same
establishment, the Korean government can suspend the exportation from the relevant
establishment until the corrective actions are completed. In this case, the Korean government can
lift the suspension through on-site inspections or other means after it is informed by the Canadian
government that the corrective actions are completed; and
(5) In the event of the suspension of the exportation against an establishment, products certified prior
to the date of suspension will continue to be eligible for import quarantine inspection.
21. A system-wide failure, such as repetitive incidents of serious non-compliance, may result in the
suspension of the import health requirements.
1. This notice will go into effect on the date of its notification.