Exporter Guide

An Expert's View about Agriculture and Animal Husbandry in Sweden

Posted on: 30 Nov 2011

Due to severe Nordic winters and its relatively short growing season, Sweden relies heavily on imported food and agricultural products. There are opportunities for high-value products, products which are not produced domestically and new-to-market products, including ethnic, healthy and organic food and drink products.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 11/8/2011 GAIN Report Number: SW1106 Sweden Exporter Guide Annual Approved By: Mary Ellen Smith Prepared By: Bettina Dahlbacka Report Highlights: Due to severe Nordic winters and its relatively short growing season, Sweden relies heavily on imported food and agricultural products. There are opportunities for high-value products, products which are not produced domestically and new-to-market products, including ethnic, healthy and organic food and drink products. Post: Stockholm Author Defined: SECTION I. MARKET OVERVIEW Due to the severe Nordic winters and relatively short growing season, Sweden relies heavily on imported food and agricultural products. In 2010, imports of agricultural and food products totaled SEK 95 billion (USD 14 billion) and accounted for 9 percent of the Swedish total import value. About 59% of the imports come from other EU countries; Norway, Denmark, The Netherlands and Germany are the main exporters. The US share is less than 2%. Sweden has been a member of the European Union (EU) since 1995, but has not joined the European Monetary Union (EMU). Food retail sales in 2010 stayed about the same as in 2009, up by only 1.8% to SEK 253 billion (USD 38 billion). This can partly be explained by price increases on certain food products, but mostly by the fact that the food industry is considered counter-cyclical and perform well during economic setback but weaker in the beginning of an economic upturn. Sweden was hit hard by the international financial crisis in 2008, but the Swedish economy recovered strongly in 2010 resulting in a GDP growth rate of 5.5 percent. However, according to recent reports from the National Institute of Economic Research (NIER), Sweden?s economy has slowed to a halt. NIER is revising down expectations for the Swedish economy and expects GDP growth to slow down sharply in 2012. Unemployment is expected to remain unchanged at 7.5 percent in 2012 and in 2013 to decline to 7.3 percent. Table: Selected Indicators Annual percentage change and percent, respectively 2010 2011 2012 2013 GDP at market prices ?5.7 4.3 1.9 3.4 Real GNI per capita ?7.2 2.6 3.0 2.5 Employment 1.1 2.1 0.6 1.0 Unemployment 8.4 7.5 7.5 7.3 Sources: Statistics Sweden, National Mediation Office and NIER. Swedish consumers are gravitating towards fresher, more convenient and more nutritious foods. High demands are made on food quality, origin and environmental concerns. Quality is now associated with assurances or production conditions, which range from the use of fertilizers and pesticides to animal welfare and environmental concerns. There is a growing taste for organic products. Consumers are willing and able to pay higher prices for food and drink products that fall into these categories. Advantages Challenges Sophisticated market. High acceptance of new products U.S. products are at a price disadvantage and concepts. U.S. products are considered high quality compared to competitors based in the and trendy. European Union. Growing consumer demands for value-added products, Strong hesitations with respect to convenience foods and functional foods. Proliferation of genetically modified products. "healthy" and "greener" foods. Location gives access to a Nordic/Baltic market High distribution and shipping costs. comprising 25 million consumers. High standard of living, well educated workforce, growing incomes. English is widely spoken. Favorable dollar exchange rate. Trends in Imports from the United States of Consumer-Oriented, Agriculture, Fish & Forestry Products Product Category 2010 Growth US Exports to Sweden 2009-2010 $1,000 Processed fruits & vegetables 39,817 9.53 Tree Nuts 18,228 25.42 Wine & Beer 14,882 4.37 Other consumer oriented 13,334 23.01 Other Value-Added Wood Products 11,837 60.25 Other Edible Fish & Seafood 10,486 53.09 Hardwood lumber 8,144 4.75 Live Animals 6,946 4.17 Other Intermediate Products 6,763 -4.48 Logs and Chips 6,348 37.28 Panel Products 5,269 78.14 Eggs & Products 4,799 147.70 Fresh Fruit 3,866 -3.65 Roe & Urchin 3,536 18.49 Snack Foods 2,521 -13.20 Dairy Products 2,012 -1.15 Rice 1,890 -8.85 Pet Foods 1,592 53.11 Vegetable Oils 1,179 4.78 Fresh Vegetables 1,018 1405.9 Other 6,466 Total Ag Fish & Forest Products 170,933 17.18 Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census Trade Data SECTION II. EXPORTER BUSINESS TIPS Local Business Practices and Customs Swedish firms do not change suppliers readily, and many commercial relationships have been built up and maintained over decades. While this is beneficial to exporters who have a partner, newcomers must be willing to invest effort in developing an entry into this market and securing the confidence of commercial buyers. A Swedish buyer will expect total commitment to prompt deliveries, precision in filling of orders and high quality for all kinds of products. Being punctual is not only regarded as a sign of respect, but also efficiency. Swedish businessmen will have little understanding for cultural variation in punctuality. Market entry strategies for U.S. food products should include: 1. Market research in order to assess product opportunities. 2. Advance calculation of the landed cost of a product in order to make price comparisons vis-a-vis competitors. 3. Identifying an experienced distributor or independent reliable agent with strategic distribution channels to advise on import duties, sanitary regulations, and labeling requirements. It is advisable to initiate personal contact in order to discuss marketing matters such as funding for advertising, slotting allowance, in-store promotions and tasting events. Suppliers may also want to consider trade fair participation to raise awareness of their products. 4. Exploration of the purchasing arrangements of the larger retail chains. General Consumer Tastes and Preferences Convenience: Swedes are embracing value-added products and convenience foods. In-store eating and take-away is growing. The ongoing socio-demographic changes with busier life styles and increasing single-person households are affecting food retailing to a high degree. Retailers are shifting their produce ranges towards an increasing share of healthier, ready-to-eat foods and home meal replacements. Lifestyle changes also significantly influence the catering sector. In Sweden about 20 percent of meals are currently eaten outside of the home. Health: Hand-in-hand with the demand for convenience goes the heightened consumer concern for food safety and healthy eating habits. Demand is rising for "natural" and "healthy" food and drink products. Also, products with nutritional advantages, such as added fiber, vitamins and minerals are gaining in popularity. The environmental or "green" philosophy is an important factor in consumer decisions. Swedes are willing and able to pay higher prices for food and drink products perceived to meet their environmental and health concerns. Organic: Consumer interest in organic food products has been increasing rapidly in Sweden in the past few years. While growing demand for healthier, "greener" and more convenient products is one of the major driving forces behind the evolution of the food industry, organic and health-oriented products still have a relatively small market share in Sweden. In 2010, sales of organic products increased by 11% and had a share of 3.1% of the total food market, which include retail, Systembolaget (alcohol monopoly) and HRI. Organic is growing in all sectors, but Systembolaget accounted for the largest increase of almost 40%. Best opportunities for U.S. organic products lie in processed products, where the variety and availability in Sweden is still much more limited than that found in the United States, for example canned and dried beans, corn, chili, dried fruits and nuts. Vegetarian: The trend towards vegetarian choices is a growing one. More processed products which link convenience to the vegetarian alternative are appearing in retail outlets but are still limited in variety. Ethnic Foods: Swedish consumers are moving away from their culinary traditions as they become more open to new and exotic cuisine. A growing immigrant population and extensive travel abroad are the main reasons behind this trend. Food Standards and Regulations Sweden has been a member of the European Union since 1995 and has adopted EU practices related to imports of agricultural products. Agricultural products are subject to the standard EU import licensing system, quotas, import duties and other provisions. It is important to note that these markets are fully open to competitors within the EU, while U.S. exporters face EU import restrictions. Food safety standards in these markets are very strict and imported foodstuffs must meet specified requirements. Swedish national food legislation is, to a large extent, harmonized with the EU's food legislation. In certain cases, however, there is room for national interpretation of the EU's legislation. Sweden applies more restrictive legislation with regard to irradiation, under the umbrella of public health precautions. In addition, Sweden has received a derogation allowing it to apply stricter salmonella control and stricter border controls (quarantine on imports of live animals) than that of other EU member countries. Sweden applies EU maximum residue levels with regard to dioxin. Due to the relatively high dioxin levels in fish from the Baltic Sea, however, Sweden (and Finland) has received a derogation allowing fish with dioxin levels exceeding the EU thresholds to be sold in Sweden under the condition that they are not exported to other EU countries. This exception will become permanent in January 2012. Import and Inspection Procedures Sweden has strict sanitary and phytosanitary requirements for foods. Laboratories have sophisticated capabilities to monitor product quality. Detailed regulations apply to the importation of agricultural products into these markets. It is therefore most important that the U.S. exporter work closely with the importer to make sure that the products destined for this market are in full conformity with the country?s food safety, quality and labeling rules and regulations. Please note that all foodstuffs sold in Sweden must be labeled in Swedish. Many products intended for wide distribution in the region are labeled in multiple languages such as Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish and English. For more information regarding food standards and import regulations, please refer to USEU FAIRS Report and Sweden FAIRS Report available on the Foreign Agricultural Service web page at: http://gain.fas.usda.gov/Lists/Advanced%20Search/AllItems.aspx SECTION III. MARKET SECTOR STRUCTURE AND TRENDS Retail In the past few years, a Nordic consolidation and integration has clearly been seen as mergers between the Nordic retailers have been implemented. At the same time, the Nordic countries have increasingly become part of the European retail market as foreign companies and chains are moving in. Retailers are facing stronger competition from fast food chains, lunch restaurants, and other service establishments. During the past decade, sales within the restaurant sector have increased faster than in the retail sector. Eating out has come to include both weekdays and weekends. Nevertheless, Swedes still spend the bulk of their food dollar in retail stores rather than eating out. General discount stores, hypermarkets and large supermarkets are experiencing rising sales volumes, while small and medium-sized stores lag behind. Elements of the restructuring of the sector include the on-going move toward vertical integration, the increasingly common use of exclusive contracts, consolidation of purchasing and deliveries and the growth of private labels. Supermarkets are responding to demands for an ever-widening list of products and product formats. Large supermarkets and hypermarkets account for about 75 percent of the Swedish retail food sales. Distribution: The wholesale and retail food market in Sweden is dominated by four groups, Ica, Coop, Axfood and Bergendahls, which together account for over 90 percent of the commodity retail market. These Nordic chains have closely knit wholesale and retail arrangements comprising a compact and efficient goods delivery system and a nationwide network of retail shops as well as department stores and supermarkets. Some also have hotel, restaurant, and catering services. This centralized system provides economies of scale, facilitating the distribution and import of larger volumes. Independent importers and distributors: There are a number of importers and distributors in Sweden specialized in certain product segments, such as organic products or ethnic foods. These importers/distributors in turn sell to the large retail chains. These importers are ideal for exporters who cannot meet the high volumes required by the large retailers when dealing with them directly. Some specialized importers also supply the Hotel Restaurant and Institutional (HRI) sector. Alcoholic Beverages: In Sweden, retail sales of wine and liquor are restricted to a government agency, Systembolaget, which handles all over-the-counter sales of wine, spirits, and full-strength beer through over 400 shops of its own throughout Sweden. Systembolaget purchases its products through eligible wine & spirits importers. Trends Store size: Smaller stores continue to lose market share to the larger supermarkets and hypermarkets. Discount stores: While discount food stores in Sweden currently only account for 12.5%, volumes have tripled over the last ten years. The retail chains have developed discount store concepts in order to meet the increased competition from European discount chains such as German Lidl and Danish Netto which entered the market a few years ago. Organic Products: The major retailers in Sweden are actively promoting organic products. Their own organic labels have gained broad recognition. Sales of organic food products are expected to increase by 10-12% in 2011 and gain market shares on behalf of conventional food products. The increase will mainly be seen at Ica and Axfood that today have a low share of organic products in their stores, about 2%, compared to Coop that has 10% organic products in their assortment. Private Label: Retailers are aggressively promoting their own private label brands through TV commercials and newspaper ads. Of the three largest retailers, Axfood has the highest share of private label products 22%, Coop 20% and Ica 18%. Two of them have set a goal of 25 percent market share in each product segment for their private label products. This is especially true for far-away-imported products. For some popular categories in retail stores the figure is 50 percent. This development portends good potential for suppliers with private label capacity. The retail chains? comprehensive coverage of the whole country, combined with their vertically integrated structure (often imports, wholesale and retail trade are carried out within the same company), makes Sweden an interesting market for U.S. exporters seeking long-term stable and predictable sales. Convenience shopping: As the consumers increasingly eat outside their homes, the large retailers find themselves not only to be competing with each other, but also with the HRI sector. To face this new competitor, supermarkets have developed deli sections in their stores with either ready-to-eat food products or partially cooked dishes. Menu suggestions next to the food products are also popular. The display of products has also become more consumer-oriented. For example, dressings and bread croutons can be found next to the pre-mixed salads, and coffee cakes may be placed next to the coffee section. Manufacturers with the capability to supply convenience foods may find interesting opportunities in this market. Promotions/Marketing: Direct marketing in the form of newspaper-format advertisements is one of the most regularly used forms of communication in the Swedish retail market, and almost all the retail groups use this method as a means of conveying information to consumers. These are sent on a weekly basis to all the households in the immediate marketing area of the individual stores. The retailers also invest in advertising, primarily through their newspaper flyers, while producers and manufacturers spend most of their budgets on television advertising. Retail chains are also promoting their own private label products aggressively through TV commercials and advertisements. Internet sales: Even though the computer/IT penetration in the Nordic countries is exceptionally high, retail food sales on the web have been very limited. The positive outlook that the large retailers had at the end of 1990?s regarding selling food online changed rather quickly. The major food retail chains, Ica, Coop and Axfood, all terminated their internet grocery web sites during 2001-2003 due to few customers and low profitability. However, it seems that customers have overcome earlier suspicions to online food purchases and retailers have again started to offer food online. Dinner Solution Deliveries: A few years ago, the concept of dinner solution deliveries entered the Swedish market. The companies provide their subscribers with a bag of groceries, with recipes and ingredients for 3-5 five dinners per week. The aim was to relieve the pressure on families regarding dinner planning and shopping. Also, there is a strong emphasis on the environmental benefits by reducing the need to drive to the store. This new Swedish version of online shopping is growing rapidly, especially in Sweden?s larger cities. In addition, some of the companies have made their service available in other neighboring countries. HRI/Food Service The recent economic slowdown has been having an increasingly deep impact on the hotel and restaurant sector. However, after the week 2009, the total turnover for the restaurant sector grew about 5% to SEK 75 billion (USD 12 billion) in 2010. Caf?s and fast food restaurants account for the largest increase. Swedes are eating out more often, spending about the same as in other European countries. Possible reasons are that Swedes travel more and the increased number of restaurants and the varieties of restaurants. In addition, eating out on weekdays has become very common among the younger generation. Changes in lifestyles and tastes are having significant effects on the catering sector of the market. The health trend continues to be important and restaurants are increasingly offering healthy alternatives on their menu. Fast food outlets often belong to national and international chains, while restaurants are most frequently family businesses. There are, however, some large international restaurant chains operating in this market including TGI Friday?s and Subway. Also, there has been a significant expansion of coffee shop chains in the past few years. Institutions are mainly operated by municipalities, counties and government agencies. From 1993-2010 the number of restaurant businesses in Sweden has increased from 13,600 to about 19,000. At the same time, the number of stores in the retail sector has been decreasing. Distribution: Distribution within the HRI sector is dominated by a few large wholesalers specialized in supplying this sector. The dominant wholesalers are: Servera, Menigo Foodservice, Martin Olsson, Servicegrossisterna, Dafg?rds, Svenska Cater and Axfood N?rlivs. Trends: Outside the home, restaurants continue to attract a significant proportion of consumers. American trends remain popular in Sweden. Informal, less expensive, ?fast food? outlets continue to be popular. Subway, McDonald?s, Burger King, and Pizza Hut all have strong positions in this market. Increase interest in gourmet restaurants. Other U.S. chains such TGI Friday?s and Hard Rock Cafe can be found in Sweden. Food Processing The small populations of the Nordic countries provide somewhat limited foundations for a highly diversified food processing industry with sufficient economies of scale. Consequently, there have been consolidations of several companies and an increasing emphasis on exports of processed food items - especially cheese, candy, snack food and various jams and preserves. Since EU membership, there has been a move toward mutual investment and consolidation among Swedish food industries and joint Nordic cooperation in general. Several companies own and operate food manufacturing firms abroad. The food processing industry in Sweden is large-scale and dominated by a few large private and cooperatively owned companies. Five large suppliers account for about 50 percent of the retail food store purchases. One or two suppliers control close to 100 percent of the market within some food segments. Farm cooperatives are powerful in Sweden's food industry. They have a virtual monopoly on domestically produced dairy products and are market leaders in the meat, milling, and bakery sectors. However, the majority of food industry companies are privately owned. These companies are active in the brewing, prepared fish, frozen food, sugar and tobacco sectors. The domestic food processing industry accounts for 80 percent of the food consumed within Sweden, which makes this an important sector for ingredient and raw product suppliers. Food processors either source their raw materials or ingredients directly from their suppliers or through wholesalers. In 2010, imports of agricultural products and foodstuffs to Sweden totaled SEK 95 billion (USD 15 billion), an increase by 2 percent from 2009. Sweden?s foodstuff exports totaled SEK 54 billion (USD 8 billion). Imports destined for the food processing sector include vegetables, fruit, juice, spices, coffee, and cocoa as well as seafood. About 40 percent of all imports are products that cannot be grown in Sweden. Dominant companies by sector are: Arla Foods (dairy), Swedish Meats (meat processing), Paagens (bakery), Cerealia (milling and bakery), Findus (fish processing), L?fbergs Lila (coffee roasting). SECTION IV. BEST HIGH-VALUE PRODUCT PROSPECTS - Authentic barbeque sauces and seasonings - Beer - Confectionery - Convenience foods - Dried fruit - Ethnic food - Fresh fruit - Frozen vegetables - Organic processed products including baby food - Pancake/cake mixes - Pet food - Processed fruits & vegetables - Rice and rice mixes - Sauces - Seafood - Snack food - Sugar-free products - Tree Nuts - Vegetarian processed products - Wines SECTION V. KEY CONTACTS AND FURTHER INFORMATION Foreign Agricultural Service American Embassy Dag Hammarskjolds Vag 31 S-115 89 STOCKHOLM, Sweden Tel: (46-8) 783 5392/5470 Fax: (46-8) 662 8495 E-mail: agstockholm@usda.gov http://stockholm.usembassy.gov/fas.html Swedish Board of Agriculture S-551 82 JONKOPING, Sweden Tel: (46-36) 15 50 00 Fax: (46-36) 19 05 46 E-mail: jordbruksverket@jordbruksverket.se www.sjv.se National Food Administration Box 622 S-751 26 UPPSALA, Sweden Tel: (46-18) 17 55 00 Fax: (46-18) 10 58 48 Email: livsmedelsverket@slv.se www.slv.se Swedish Forest Agency S-551 83 JONKOPING, Sweden Tel: (46-36) 35 93 00 Fax: (46-36) 16 61 70 Email: skogsstyrelsen@skogsstyrelsen.se www.skogsstyrelsen.se Swedish Customs Box 12854 S-112 98 STOCKHOLM, Sweden Tel: (46-771) 520 520 Fax: (46-8) 20 80 12 www.tullverket.se Statistics Sweden Box 24300 S-104 51 STOCKHOLM, Sweden Tel: (46-8) 506 940 00 Fax: (46-8) 661 5261 E-mail: scb@scb.se www.scb.se Association of Swedish Chambers of Commerce Box 16050 S-103 21 STOCKHOLM, Sweden Tel: (46-8) 555 100 00 Fax: (46-8) 566 316 35 www.cci.se Swedish Federation of Trade S-103 29 STOCKHOLM, Sweden Tel: (46-10) 47 18 500 Fax: (46-10) 47 18 665 Email: info@svenskhandel.se www.svenskhandel.se A. KEY TRADE & DEMOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SWEDEN 2010 Agricultural Imports From All Countries ($Mil)/U.S. Market Share (%) 14,802/1.2% * Consumer Food Imports From All Countries ($Mil)/U.S. Market Share (%) 8,568/1% * Edible Fishery Imports From All Countries ($Mil)/U.S. Market Share (%) 1,324/1% * Total Population (Millions)/Annual Growth Rate (%) 9.1/ 0.16% Urban Population (Millions)/Annual Growth Rate (%) 7.8/ 0.6 Number of Major Metropolitan Areas 4 Size of the Middle Class (Millions)/Growth Rate (%) N/A Per Capita Gross Domestic Product (U.S. Dollars) 39,100 Unemployment Rate (%) 8.4% Per Capita Food Expenditures (U.S. Dollars) 3,053 Percent of Female Population Employed 62.9%** Average Exchange Rate US$ 1 for 2010 7.205 * Source: Swedish Statistics ** Between ages 16 and 64, Source: SCB-AKU Note: Above data on U.S. trade do not include substantial imports of U.S. products which are transshipped to Sweden via other EU countries. TABLE B. CONSUMER FOOD & EDIBLE FISHERY PRODUCT IMPORTS Imports from the Imports from the World U.S. U.S Market Share Sweden Imports (In Millions of 200 200 201 200 201 Dollars) 2008 2009 2010 8 9 0 8 2009 0 CONSUMER- ORIENTED AGRICULTURAL TOTAL 8,504 7,561 7,820 120 118 132 1 1 1 612 561 548 1 1 1 0 0 0 Snack Foods excl. nuts Red Meats, Fresh/Chilled/Froze n 900 768 805 0 0 0 0 0 0 Red Meats, Prepared/Preserved 342 301 325 0 1 5 0 0 0 Poultry Meat 199 171 176 0 0 0 0 0 0 Dairy Products (Excl. Cheese) 407 381 443 0 2 2 0 0 1 Cheese 510 459 488 0 0 0 0 0 0 Eggs 44 38 38 1 1 3 2 3 8 Tree Nuts 85 68 80 20 16 19 24 24 24 Fresh Fruits 832 679 724 5 4 4 1 1 1 Processed fruits and vegetables 803 758 719 35 39 37 4 4 5 Fruit & Vegetable Juices 222 160 147 1 0 0 1 0 0 Wine 669 631 631 16 15 17 2 2 2 Beer 112 113 108 4 4 4 2 3 4 Condiments 52 55 55 1 2 4 3 2 3 Pet Foods (Dog & Cat Food) 133 164 137 5 1 1 5 4 1 Other Consumer- Oriented Products 2,582 2,254 2,396 31 32 35 1 1 1 FISH & SEAFOOD PRODUCTS 2,675 2,590 3,249 12 11 13 1 0 0 Groundfish & Flatfish 223 111 177 1 0 0 1 1 1 Frozen fish/seafood 280 262 309 3 3 3 1 1 1 Salmon 1,245 1,349 1,803 1 1 1 0 0 0 Molluscs 13 11 11 1 1 1 9 6 6 Crustaceans 249 236 273 2 1 3 1 1 1 Other Seafood 665 621 676 4 5 5 0 1 1 AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS 10,98 10,13 2 TOTAL 6 9,581 4 189 179 174 2 2 AGRICULTURAL , FISH & FORESTRY 15,99 13,69 15,27 TOTAL 0 4 5 231 223 227 1.4 2 1.4 Source: Global Trade Atlas Note: Above data on U.S. trade do not include substantial imports of U.S. products which are transshipped to Sweden via other EU countries. TABLE C. TOP 15 SUPPLIERS OF CONSUMER FOODS & EDIBLE FISHERY PRODUCTS Sweden ? Top 15 Suppliers CONSUMER-ORIENTED AG IMPORTS FISH & SEAFOOD PRODUCT IMPORTS $1,000 2008 2009 2010 $1,000 2008 2009 2010 175102 144815 146920 207428 207560 269008 Denmark 8 7 1 Norway 8 1 8 Netherland 139154 124297 133071 s 0 9 4 Denmark 242415 207275 206504 123818 108516 110613 Germany 8 9 7 China 64055 57624 58349 Netherland Italy 506720 461697 453339 s 37095 29985 34300 France 452018 418842 383926 Germany 27420 25263 26695 Spain 391446 347190 393945 France 24093 22343 22081 Belgium 359980 338270 341672 Thailand 33262 19540 15217 Ireland 308184 250324 242193 Canada 21528 17639 24435 Finland 260938 241207 264294 Finland 16289 17566 15177 Poland 197376 201963 225324 Vietnam 13679 15721 16388 United Kingdom 236053 198255 203943 Poland 17163 14104 33226 United United States 120296 117831 132218 States 11632 11156 12987 South Africa 102547 99372 101463 Morocco 4897 11097 13404 Norway 125902 95348 105564 Iceland 14401 10016 11107 Austria 82588 69303 70472 Russia 7917 7842 15018 Other Other countries 999420 948646 countries 69256 50506 54347 852422 756455 782002 267939 259327 324932 World 4 3 2 World 0 8 3 Source: Global Trade Atlas Note: Above data on U.S. trade do not include substantial imports of U.S. products which are transshipped to Sweden via other EU countries.
Posted: 30 November 2011

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