Environment and Water Sector in Switzerland

An Expert's View about Climate in Switzerland

Posted on: 28 Sep 2010

In 2007 public expenditure for environmental protection was in total CHF 3.84 billions. Expenditure has risen in the past years and will go up further.

Sector briefing Environment and Water Opportunities in Switzerland Why Switzerland? Nature provides Swiss industry and the population with key resources. The destruction of the natural resource base weakens the basis for long-term prosperity. Environmental protection is therefore a prerequisite for a healthy economic future. In 2007, the latest year for which data are available, public expenditure for environmental protection accumulated to a total of CHF 3.84 bn. The money was spent in the following areas: sewage management CHF 1.76 bn, waste management CHF 1.14 bn, prevention of air pollution and noise protection CHF 0.42 bn, nature conservation CHF 0.40 bn, environmental research CHF 0.10 bn. Find general information on the Swiss market ?In 2007 public expenditure conditions on UKTI?s website. The Doing (on federal, cantonal and Business Guide for Switzerland gives an communal level) for overview of Switzerland?s economy, business culture, potential opportunities and an environmental protection was introduction to other relevant issues. in total CHF 3.84 billions. Expenditure has risen in the past years and will go up further. ? UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Environment and Water opportunities in Switzerland reduce ammonia emissions are therefore Opportunities necessary. Preventing input of organic trace Reduce CO2 emissions from transport materials into surface waters fuels The use of synthetic organic materials in day- Transport fuel consumption is a significant to-day applications is increasing. It can be contributor to total greenhouse gas emissions. assumed that pollution of surface waters by Warming by only a few degrees Celsius would persistent synthetic organic trace materials will present a risk of irrevocable changes to the increase. climate system. In Switzerland this will result Surface waters are a habitat for plants and above all in more frequent extreme events animals, a recreational area for the population such as floods or heat waves. At lower and a drinking water resource. But substances elevations, failure of snowfall will become such as plant protection products and increasingly frequent. The combustion of coal, medicines can pollute the water and impair gas and oil, the logging of forests and the these functions. Most of the pollution originates pursuit of large-scale livestock farming are the from agriculture, industry and transport. main drivers of global warming. Indicators enable identification of regions which With a share of 43% in total emissions under can be expected to suffer appreciable pollution the CO2 Act and of 32% in total emissions of of their surface waters by organic trace all greenhouse gases (2007), the transport materials (process chemicals, medicines, sector plays a key role. The development of biocides, hormonally active materials etc.). The emissions in this sector will crucially determine main pathways for these materials (e.g. whether the targets set - both by the Swiss treatment plants, agricultural discharges) are CO2 Act and the international Kyoto Protocol - identified by material balancing. Measures can will be met. then be planned systematically. This indicator can also be used to support the planning of Apart from a phase in the mid-1990s, monitoring programmes. emissions have developed above the targets set by the Swiss CO2 Act. That trend has Wastewater treatment further worsened in recent years. Today, Although major progress has been made in emissions from transport fuels are substantially recent years, the management of wastewater above the target set by the CO2 Act. The continues to represent a challenge. Climate Cent Foundation (Stiftung Wastewater treatment in Switzerland is of a Klimarappen) is purchasing certified emission high standard. The development of treatment reductions generated abroad equivalent to infrastructure created the conditions for the million tonnes CO2 per year - nonetheless, recovery of the country's water bodies. The achievement of the emissions target will total costs of installing this infrastructure scarcely be possible. (sewer systems, treatment works, storm water tanks, etc.) were in the region of CHF 40-50 Limiting climate change billion; replacing it would cost approx. CHF 80- Global warming is putting societies and 100 billion. Current challenges include the economies at risk. This calls for resolute action. establishment of sustainable wastewater Switzerland has resolved to cut greenhouse management and ongoing optimization of the gas emissions by 20 percent from 1990 levels treatment system. by 2020 - and by 30 percent if other states adopt similar commitments. Each year, CHF Ammonia emissions 200 million generated by the CO2 tax are spent Clean air is a basic requirement of human on upgrading the thermal performance of health and an intact environment. High buildings, while a further CHF 500 million are concentrations of ammonia cause acute redistributed to individuals and businesses. At damage to vegetation and lead to acidification international level, Switzerland is promoting and over-fertilisation of soil. This has integration with the European emissions detrimental effects on ecosystems. trading system and is calling for climate Ammonia emissions have decreased slightly change adaptation in the developing world to since 1990, according to the emission be financed in ways that assign costs to calculations carried out by the Swiss College of polluters. Agriculture (SHL). However, the current concentrations are still causing damage to vegetation and soil. Further measures to UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Environment and Water opportunities in Switzerland Cleaning of contaminated sites Switzerland?s 3,000 to 4,000 contaminated sites will be cleaned up in a sustainable way over the next 25 years. Some 17 km2 of industrial zones with contaminated sites will be reassigned. Noise pollution control One million people are exposed to excessive noise emissions mainly generated by transport (road, rail, air). Despite the preventive principle and improvements already made, measures are often complex to implement and are no longer sufficient to compensate for the consequences of increased traffic. Protection of the population is not guaranteed. The strategy of combating noise must also concentrate on maintaining the peacefulness of the environment. A national integrated network of noise monitoring is currently being established. Biodiversity Around 50,000 plant and animals species exist in Switzerland. Many of them that used to be present in great number are today endangered, and some have considerably declined in number. Biodiversity decline has not slowed down in Switzerland. Expansion of urban sprawl, development of activities linked with tourism and transport infrastructures exert great pressure on biodiversity. There is no guarantee that we will be able to halt the decline in biodiversity. If you have any questions on the opportunities above, contact the UKTI contacts named in this report. Business opportunities aimed specifically at UK companies are added daily to UKTI?s website. These leads are sourced by our staff overseas in British Embassies, High Commissions and Consulates, across all sectors and in over 100 markets. You can be alerted to business opportunities on a regular basis by registering on the UKTI website. Find out more on UKTI?s business opportunities service on the UKTI website. UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Environment and Water opportunities in Switzerland technologies. Held in Fribourg at the Expo Major events and activities Centre. www.greentech-expo.ch ILMAC Contact: Forum Fribourg - Expo Centre SA, Mr ILMAC is the Industry Exhibition for Research Christophe Maurer and Development, Environmental and Process Email: christophe.maurer@greentech- Technology in Pharmaceuticals, Chemicals and expo.ch Biotechnology. The show takes place every 3 Time: 14 ? 17 April 2011 years, and the next exhibition date is 21-24 September 2010 at the Exhibition Centre Basel. www.ilmac.ch Find full details of all events in this Contact: Mr Robert Appel country and sector on the UKTI website. Email: robert.appel@messe.ch New export events are added daily to the site Time: 21 ? 24 September 2010 and you can register to be alerted to them on a daily, weekly or monthly basis Lifefair UKTI?s Tradeshow Access Programme (TAP) New fair on sustainability and green lifestyle in provides grant support for eligible Small & Zurich. Amongst others themes cover energy Medium Sized Enterprises (SME's) to attend and mobility, investments and returns, fair trade shows overseas. Find out more about trade and ecology, green IT and telecom, UKTI support for attendance at overseas nature and biodiversity. events www.lifefair.ch Contact: Lifefair Event GmbH Email: info@lifefair.ch Time: 24 ? 26 September 2010 Geoprotecta UKTI contacts Swiss professional trade fair for integral risk management of natural hazards and Alessandra Witsch consequences of climate change. The event is Project Manager Trade held every two years at Olma Messen St British Embassy Berne / Switzerland Gallen. This year?s fair will be the second Tel: +41 (0)31 359 7722 edition. Email: alessandra.witsch@fco.gov.uk www.geoprotecta.ch Web: www.ukti.gov.uk Contact: Olma Messen St Gallen Email: geoprotecta@olma-messen.ch Alma Krebs Time: 11 ? 13 November 2010 / 15 ? 17 Project Manager Trade November 2012 British Embassy Berne / Switzerland Tel: +41 (0)31 359 7722 Email: alma.krebs@fco.gov.uk NATUR Web: www.ukti.gov.uk A yearly trade fair and congress in Basel which covers everything around nature and environment, including philosophy, jobs and services in this sector. www.natur.ch Contact: ecos, Mrs Isabelle Glanzmann Email: isabelle.glanzmann@ecos.ch Time: 10 ? 13 February 2011 Greentech Biannual trade show for professionals in waste management, resources and environmental UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Environment and Water opportunities in Switzerland Next steps - How UKTI can help ? Arranging appointments British companies wishing to develop their ? Organise seminars or other events for business in the Swiss market are advised to you to meet contacts and promote your undertake as much market research and company in the Chinese market planning as possible in the UK. UKTI?s team in Switzerland with its wide local knowledge and This work is available via our Overseas Market experience can provide a range of services to Introduction Service (OMIS) a chargeable British-based companies wishing to grow their service which assists British-based companies business in global markets. wishing to enter or expand their business in overseas markets. This can include: ? Provision of market information To find out more about commissioning this ? Validated lists of agents/distributors work, or accessing other UKTI services and ? Key market players or potential specialist advice, please visit the UKTI website customers in the Chinese market to find contact details for your local UKTI ? Establishment of interest of such office. contacts in working with you Whereas every effort has been made to ensure that the information given in this document is accurate, neither UK Trade & Investment nor its parent Departments (the Department for Business, Innovation & Skills, and the Foreign & Commonwealth Office), accept liability for any errors, omissions or misleading statements, and no warranty is given or responsibility accepted as to the standing of any individual, firm, company or other organisation mentioned. Published 2010 by UK Trade & Investment. Crown Copyright © UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Environment and Water opportunities in Switzerland
Posted: 28 September 2010

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Environment and Water Sector in Switzerland   By UK Trade & Investment