Agricultural Biotechnology Annual 2012

An Expert's View about Crops and Support Services in Taiwan

Posted on: 14 Nov 2012

As of September 2012, Taiwan has granted registration approvals for a total of 23 single biotech events, including 7 soybean and 16 corn events.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 9/21/2012 GAIN Report Number: TW12024 Taiwan Agricultural Biotechnology Annual 2012 Annual Report Approved By: Jeffrey Hesse, Agricultural Section Chief, AIT Prepared By: Chiou Mey Perng, Agricultural Specialist Report Highlights: As of September 2012, Taiwan has granted registration approvals for a total of 23 single biotech events, including 7 soybean and 16 corn events, as well as 32 stacked events. New approvals include high-oleic soybean and drought-tolerant corn stacked events. In 2011, Taiwan was the sixth largest export market for U.S. food and agricultural products, including $1.7 billion of U.S. corn, soybeans and cotton. Section I. Executive Summary: Taiwan authorities recognize that agricultural biotechnology is a potential tool for addressing food security concerns resulting from climate change and population growth. However, Taiwan regulators remain very cautious about domestic commercialization of biotech food products. Coexistence farming among organic, biotech and conventional crops is a sensitive topic, especially given the fact that the average farm size in Taiwan is just over one hectare, and Taiwan's arable land accounts for only about one-fourth of the total land area. While there is considerable ongoing biotech research in Taiwan, environmental release for commercial cultivation is unlikely in the near future, and only biotech products for non-food or ornamental use are likely to be approved. Taiwan is expected to commercialize its first biotech product, a fluorescent ornamental fish, within the next few years. In 2011, Taiwan was the sixth largest export market for U.S. food and agricultural products, of which biotech products such as corn, soybeans and cotton accounted for 46 percent share of the total export value of $3.73 billion. To date, Taiwan has continued to grant premarket approvals for imports of biotech corn and soybeans in timely fashion, and there have been no disruptions in trade. Section II. Plant Biotechnology Trade and Production: Commercial Production of Biotechnology Crops Despite several promising events developed in local laboratories and tested in field trials, Taiwan has yet to commercialize a single biotech crop. Some of the reasons for the delay are political, but others are related to insufficient capacity building. Researchers in Taiwan academic institutions lack experience in putting an event through the regulatory process, and regulations for risk management in the cultivation of biotech crops are still under development, with coexistence and liability/redress being the major concerns. Taiwan is very cautious about coexistence farming among organic, biotech and conventional crops especially given the fact that the average farm size is just over one hectare, and Taiwan's arable land is only about one-fourth of the total land area. While there is considerable ongoing research in Taiwan, environmental release for commercial cultivation on the island is unlikely in the near future, and only biotech products for non-food or ornamental use are likely to be approved. The environmental release for cultivation and marketing of any unapproved biotech product would be in violation of the Taiwan Plant Varieties and Plant Seeds Act. The Regulation on Field Trials of Biotech Plants was promulgated on June 29, 2005, based on Article 52 of the Plant Varieties and Plant Seeds Act. However, the regulation governing propagation and production of GM crops is still in drafting stage. In other words, field trials may be conducted under a permit scheme, but commercialization is still not allowed according to the current regulatory system. Biotechnology Crops under Development Although permits for conducting field trials have been granted for several rice, fruit and vegetable events, no domestic biotech crop is anticipated to enter commercial channels in the near future. Taiwan has allowed public field trials at Council of Agriculture (COA) affiliated research institutes. COA celebrated the grand opening of its very first biotech plant field trials facility at the Taiwan Agriculture Research Institute (TARI) located in central Taiwan in late April 2007. There are now an additional four COA-certified field trials facilities for biotech plants at the National Chung Hsing University, Academia Sinica, the World Vegetable Center (former AVRDC) and one private research facility. Imports of Biotechnology Crops/Products In 2011, Taiwan was the sixth largest export market for U.S. food and agricultural products. U.S. exports to Taiwan totaled US$3.73 billion, of which biotech products accounted for nearly half of this trade. Taiwan was the fifth largest export market for both U.S. corn ($781 million) and U.S. soybeans ($763 million), and the twelfth largest export market for U.S. cotton ($187 million). Taiwan’s existing biotech food regulations only regulate biotech corn and soybeans and their products. Non-food products such as cotton are not required to apply to the Taiwan Food and Drug Administration (TFDA) for premarket approval. Given its unique political status, Taiwan cannot sign the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (CPB). However, Taiwan has implemented some international standards and has incorporated Cartagena guidelines into its Regulations Governing Transboundary Movements of Living Modified Organisms (LMOs.) The COA’s Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine (BAPHIQ) is the lead agency on the biotechnology issues. In July 2005, BAPHIQ promulgated the “Regulations for Approving Import/Export of Transgenic Plant” on the basis of the “Plant Varieties and Seeds Act”. The regulation stipulates that all LMOs must be submitted to BAPHIQ for import/export approvals for environmental release. In addition, the regulation governing propagation and production of aquatic plants and animals (fish) also stipulates that LMOs of aquatic plants and animals must be submitted to the COA Fishery Administration for a permit for trans-boundary movement. To date, only a few import/export records of LMOs have been reported for experimental purposes. The COA has recently established a surveillance program for internal movement of LMOs. The first LMO internal movement surveillance target is GM papaya with batch-by-batch inspection for each commercial papaya seedling transaction and a two (2) percent tolerance level. Food Aid Given its ample domestic supply of staple rice and its overall economic strength, Taiwan is not currently and is not likely to become a food aid recipient under existing economic conditions. To the contrary, Taiwan is an important cash market for U.S. biotech products such as corn, soybeans and cotton. Production of Biotechnology Crops That Were Developed Outside of the United States At present, Taiwan does not permit the commercial production of any biotechnology crop from any origin because there is currently no legal framework for commercializing biotech products. A regulation for the domestic propagation and production of GM crops is still in drafting stage. Section III. Plant Biotechnology Policy: Regulatory Framework for Agricultural Biotechnology Taiwan has adopted a U.S. style interagency coordination approach to regulate biotechnology. The Department of Health's (DOH) Food and Drug Administration (TFDA) resembles the U.S. FDA and is responsible for food safety assessment for premarket approval and GM food labeling for packaged food products while the COA is in charge of biosafety assessment for animal feed use. The COA also administers trans-boundary movement of LMOs (living modified organisms). TFDA conducts mandatory import inspections and market surveillance inspection on biotech soybeans and corn and their products. The National Science Council (NSC) supervises the overall safety of laboratory work in biotechnology. The final authority for Taiwan’s biotechnology regulatory system resides with an appointed minister-without-portfolio who serves as the convener of the advisory committee for GM products and also oversees the office of Science and Technology Advisory Group (STAG) under the Executive Yuan. The STAG office serves as the Secretariat to the interagency advisor for GM products. Biotechnology Crops Approved for Food, Feed and Processing (FFP), but Not for Environmental Uses The existing biotechnology regulations enforced by the TFDA stipulate that all bioengineered varieties of soybeans and corn must be registered and granted pre-market approvals for FFP use. No bioengineered soybeans or corn may be produced, processed, prepared, packed, and imported or exported unless registered. The TFDA registration is valid for five years and renewal registration is required before its expiry. As of August 10, 2012, Taiwan has granted registration approvals for a total of 23 single biotech events, including 7 soybean and 16 corn events, as well as 32 stacked events, including one two-way stacked soybean and 31stacked corn events (14 two-way, 9 three-way, 6 four-way, and 2 five-way). New approvals include high-oleic soybean and drought-tolerant corn stacked events. The current approval list is included at the end of this report. For the most current list, please visit the Taiwan FDA website. Although the COA has not yet amended its Feed Control Act to regulate ingredients derived from biotechnology, it is highly likely that the COA will adopt a policy that all approved products for food use are also eligible for animal feed use. As a practical matter, TFDA currently approves biotech events for both food and feed use. Field Trials Taiwan promulgated its field testing regulation governing GM plants on May 6, 2005. A total of nine events were granted permits for conducting field trial testing at COA-accredited field trial facilities. To date, nine events have been granted permits and completed field trial testing, of which a GM ring spot virus-resistant papaya was conditionally approved in July 2003, even before the regulations were in place, and a phytase rice variety was disapproved in June 2006 due to concerns about the high risk of gene outflow to conventional rice crops. The remaining seven events listed below are still pending final biosafety reviews: 1. Sweet rice for processing (developed by Academia Sinica) 2. Lactoferrin rice (developed by National Chung Hsing University) 3. Delay-ripening broccoli (developed by Academia Sinica) 4. Phytase potato (developed by Academia Sinica) 5. Cucumber mottle mosaic virus-resistant tomato (developed by the World Vegetable Center) 6. Eucalyptus for pulping (developed by COA-affiliate Taiwan Forestry Research Institute) 7. Ring spot and leaf distortion mosaic virus-resistant papaya (developed by National Chung Hsing University) Additionally, one ornamental calla lily event initially applied for field-testing, but the application process was not completed. Stacked Events Starting from May 6, 2008, Taiwan implemented stacked event registration on the basis of the "Guideline for Food Safety Assessment of Foods Derived from GM plants with Stacked Traits". The guideline applies only to foods produced from GM plants with stacked traits obtained through conventional breeding of single events already approved in Taiwan. The submission of a dossier for any new stacked event will not be accepted by TFDA unless the single events are already approved in Taiwan. Taiwan’s Policy on Co-existence between GM and non-GM Crops Currently Taiwan does not allow the production of GM crops outside of accredited accredited field trial facilities. However, Taiwan has drafted regulations governing the commercial production of biotech plants, animals, and aquatic plants and animals. All draft regulations for domestic cultivation are still pending approval with the exception of the regulation on propagation and production of fish and aquatic plants, which was promulgated on April 13, 2011. GM Labeling Guidelines Beginning in January 2005, all food made from biotech soybean or corn must be labeled. The labeling threshold level is 5%. The labeling regulations do not apply to products that do not contain pieces of transgene(s) or protein such as cornstarch, corn syrup, corn oil, soy oil, and soy sauce. Soybean or corn food products that are not packaged for retail sale are not subject to the GM food-labeling requirement. This includes the large volume of products sold in wet markets, small specialty shops or by street vendors. However, on March 25, 2009, the TFDA announced a new labeling requirement for foods in bulk packaging. Starting on January 1, 2010, all food products in bulk packaging for retail sale should indicate product name and the country of origin on a card, logo (label), sign board, or some other means of prominently displaying this information in retail venues so that the product can be clearly identified by consumers. This was Taiwan’s first initiative requiring this kind of labeling for marketing food in bulk. So far, this regulation seems to have had no apparent impact on biotech soybeans and corn products sold in bulk because freshly baked and cooked products served for direct consumption at dining places are excluded. In Taiwan, it is customary to have freshly milled and cooked soy milk at breakfast shops. However, the labeling requirements have increased Taiwan’s demand for non-GM foods for the small but growing segment of Taiwan’s population that demands alternative, natural-grown or organic products as part of a larger movement for healthier eating/lifestyle. Soybean and corn food products made of non-GM materials can be labeled as “Non-GM” or “Not- GM”. However, if there is no biotech alternative available, a product may not be labeled “Non-GM”. Codex Given Taiwan’s unique political status, it is not a member of Codex. However, Taiwan generally follows CODEX guidelines with regard to agricultural biotechnology. Taiwan authorities drafted low- level presence guidelines based on the Codex Annex on low level presence safety assessment, but Taiwan has not yet implemented the guidelines. Potential Trade Barriers Despite incidences of commingled biotech events such as StarLink corn, LibertyLink rice and Event 32 corn, there have been no trade disruptions of U.S. biotech corn exports to Taiwan. However, the LLRice incident did result in Taiwan's suspension of imports of U.S. long grain rice. Taiwan’s approval process has become increasingly efficient. The Genetically Modified Food Advisory Committee (GMFAC) has tried to overcome meeting and scheduling problems and has enhanced communication among committee members, government and industry groups. However, many stacked events and their component new concept single events are entering the regulatory pipeline. The TFDA recruited new GMFAC members in January 2012, and it will take some time for the new committee members to become familiar with the approval process. Risk assessment capacity building for new committee members is essential according to TFDA authorities. Intellectual Property Rights Taiwan does not grant patent protection to technology for development of GM plants and animals based on Article 24 of the Patent Act, which stipulates that "an invention patent shall not be granted in respect of any of the following: animals, plants, and essential biological processes for the production of animals or plants, except processes for producing microorganisms; and that animals and aquatic plants and fish are not protected under this Act." Section IV. Plant Biotechnology Marketing Issues: Market Acceptance Consumer Perception: With the exception of organic food advocates, there appears to be little consumer concern about GM products. Nevertheless, sales of non-biotech processed foods such as soymilk and tofu are gradually increasing because some local food companies are using non-GM promotion purely as a marketing tool to create the image that their non-GM food products offer better value or taste. Several high-profile food safety incidents in recent years have raised consumer food safety awareness. However, in some cases, consumers have been misled to believe that non-GMO is equivalent to organic. Producers/Importers: Current labeling regulations require labeling for processed food products that contain GM soy or corn, so some local food processors are now promoting foods made of non-GM corn or soybeans. Retailers: Except for specialty organic food shops, most retail stores have remained relatively neutral with regard to GM-derived food products and sell diverse brands or types of food products, including both biotech and non-biotech. Market Surveys Taiwan’s Department of Health conducted two consumer surveys in 2000 and 2002. Based on the results of these surveys, which revealed some consumer concerns about biotech products, Taiwan authorities promulgated the biotech food labeling regulation in 2003 to accommodate consumers’ right to choose. Life science companies conducted a follow up consumer survey in 2011 that indicated an increase in consumer awareness and somewhat more positive view of biotech food products. Section V. Plant Biotechnology Capacity Building and Outreach: September 15-16, 2011 - Risk Assessment Workshop for Products of Agricultural Biotechnology (U.S. government co-sponsored): AGR/AIT co-sponsored a Biotech Assessment Case Study Workshop in Taipei with about 50 Taiwan regulators and academia exchanging experiences on biotech risk assessment and regulation. Four visiting U.S. regulators explained to the audience how biotech products are reviewed and regulated in the United States, helping to provide a better understanding of the U.S. regulatory system. Participant agencies are seeking opportunities for future bilateral exchanges under their respective regulatory portfolios. September 20, 2011 - Seminar on Risk Management of Food Derived from Biotechnology (Taiwan government co-sponsored): A seminar co-sponsored by Taiwan authorities was held in Taipei, attracting 50 people from government agencies and academia. Mr. Paul Green of the Global Agricultural Policy Coalition gave a talk on Low Level Presence, and Mr. David Yeh, representing Crop Life Taiwan (CLT), talked about Industries' Excellence through Stewardship. "Low Level Presence" policy has an important role in preventing international agricultural trade interruptions. November 4, 2011 - Symposium on Research, Development & Regulation of GM Plants with Abiotic Stress Tolerance (Taiwan government co-sponsored): This symposium was held in Taipei, drawing more than a hundred attendees. The target audience included regulators, academia and students from research and educational institutes. The symposium was designed to provide updates on technology in terms of biotech risk management. Dr. Wayne Parrott of University of Georgia and Dr. Bruce Chassy of University of Illinois were invited along with Taiwan scholars to deliver respective speeches on gene engineering and relating food safety of advances abiotic stress tolerant engineered plants. June 28, 2012 - Seminar on Current Regulatory Perspectives on Stacked Events (Taiwan academic society co-sponsored): This seminar was also held in Taipei. Dr. Parrott was again invited back to Taiwan, along with biotech food reviewers from Australian and Japan, to make presentations on the principles of risk assessment for stacked events. Section VI. Animal Biotechnology: GM Animals Several pharmaceutical applications for domestically developed biotech animals are currently in laboratory trials. Transgenic pigs, cows, goats and chicken for biopharmaceutical uses have been or are being developed, but none of them have undergone field testing. Taiwan has a field trials center at the Animal Technology Institute Taiwan (ATIT), a non-profit and government-supported body, for transgenic pig, cow, chicken and goat field testing. The center has also established Standard Operation Practices (SOP) for field-testing and has already been granted accreditation for operating field-testing. Taiwan has set its research focus on biopharmaceutical uses, using biotech animals as molecular ranches. The ongoing research is using the mammary gland of transgenic-cloned goats as a bioreactor to produce coagulation factor VIII for hemophilia A treatment. Similar research is being conducted on transgenic pigs to produce human factor IX. Taiwan has successfully transferred the technology for transgenic pigs with Human factor IX gene to a private company for continued development. GM Fish The Council of Agriculture accredited the first field trials facility for transgenic fish in September 2011. The field trial facility was established at the COA affiliated Mariculture Research Center of the Fisheries Research Institute in Tainan (southern Taiwan). The regulation governing field trials on GM fish and aquatic plants was first promulgated on April 2009 and revised in May 2012. The regulation stipulates that all current existing biotech aquatic plants and fish shall apply for field testing within two months from the date the revised regulation and complete field testing within two years from the issuance date of the permit for conducting field testing. Taiwan’s transgenic fish research is focused on ornamental fish, in particular, fish. Currently, two private companies have received ownership of GM fluorescent fish production techniques through technology transfers from public research institutes. These domestically developed fluorescent fishes are all infertile and are intended for ornamental use only. However, if the biotech fluorescent ornamental fish currently available in the market do not undergo and complete the regulatory process in a timely fashion as is now required, the fish must be recalled and destroyed. Section VII. Approval List of Biotech Products for Food, Feed, and Processing (as of August 10, 2012) Single Events: UNIQUE DATE OF DATE OF PRODUCT NAME EVENT APPLICANT IDENTIFIER APPROVAL EXPIRATION 1 MON- Soybean Glyphosate 40-3-2 Monsanto Far July 22, July 22, Ø4Ø32-6 tolerant (RRS) East Ltd., 2002 2017 Roundup Ready Taiwan Soybean Branch 2 MON- Corn Insect-resistant MON810 Monsanto Far October 15, October 15, ØØ81Ø-6 YieldGard Corn East Ltd., 2002 T 2017 aiwan Branch 3 MON- Corn Glyphosate NK603 Monsanto Far April 11, April 11, ØØ6Ø3-6 tolerant East Ltd., 2003 Roundup Ready T 2013 aiwan Corn Branch 4 SYN- Corn Insect-resistant Bt11 Syngenta June 2, June 2 , BTØ11-1 & Glufosinate Taiwan Ltd. 2004 2013 tolerant Corn 5 SYN-EV176- Corn Insect-resistant Event176 Syngenta June 2, June 2 , 9 & Glufosinate Taiwan Ltd. 2004 2013 tolerant Corn 6 ACS- Corn Glufosinate T25 Bayer Taiwan August 16, August 16, ZMØØ3-2 tolerant Corn Ltd. 2002 2017 7 DAS- Corn Insect-resistant TC1507 DuPont November November Ø15Ø7-1 & Glufosinate Taiwan 17, 2003 17, 2013 tolerant Corn 8 MON- Corn Insect-resistant, MON863 Monsanto Far October 16, October 16, ØØ863-5 YieldGard East Ltd., 2003 2013 Rootworm Corn Taiwan Branch 9 DAS- Corn Insect-resistant 59122 DuPont December December 21, 59122-7 & Glufosinate Taiwan 21, 2005 2015 tolerant Corn 10 MON- Corn YieldGard MON88017 Monsanto Far March 20, March 20, 88Ø17-3 Rootworm/ East Ltd., 2006 2016 Roundup Ready Taiwan Corn Branch 11 ACS- Soybean Glufosinate A2704-12 Bayer Taiwan May 1, May 1, GMØØ5-3 tolerant Ltd. 2007 2017 Soybean 12 SYN-IR6Ø4- Corn Insect-resistant MIR604 Syngenta October 22, October 22, 5 Corn Taiwan Ltd. 2007 2017 13 MON-89788- Soybean Roundup MON89788 Monsanto Far December December 28, 1 RReady2Yield East Ltd., 28, 2007 2012 Soybean Taiwan Branch 14 MON- Corn Glyphosate GA21 Syngenta July 23, July 23, ØØØ21-9 tolerant Corn Taiwan Ltd. 2008 2013 15 MON- Corn Insect-resistant MON89034 Monsan July 25, to Far July 25, 2008 89Ø34-3 Corn East Ltd., 2013 Taiwan Branch SYN-IR162- 16 Corn MIR162 Insec t-resistant Syngen Apr 20, Apr 20,ta 4 Co 2014 rn T 2009 aiwan Ltd. DP-356Ø43- 17 DP- Soybean Glyphosate and DuPont May 11, May 11, 5 356043-5 Acetolactate T 2009 2014 aiwan Ltd. Synthase (ALS)- Inhibiting Herbicides Tolerant Soybean 18 DP- DP- ean High July 23, Oleic DuPont July 23, 3Ø Soyb5423-1 305423-1 2010 2015 Soybean Taiwan Ltd. SYN-E3272- -Amylase Event 3272 19 Corn α Jul 26, Jul 26, 5 Co Syngenta rn Taiwan L 2010 2015 td. ACS- A5547-127 20 Soybean Glufosinate GMØØ Bayer Ta Aug 31, iwan Aug 31, 6-4 tolerant Soybean L 2010 2015 td. 21 MON- Soybean Insec 6, t-Pro July 6, Julytected MON87701 Monsanto Far 877Ø1-2 2016 Soybean Eas 2011 t Ltd., Taiwan Branch 22 MON- MON87460 Monsan November 3, November 3, to Far 8746Ø Corn Drought -4 T 2011 2016 olerant Corn East Ltd., Taiwan Branch 23 DAS-4Ø278- Corn DAS-40278-9 DAS Dow - November 7, November 7, 9 AgroSciences Co 2011 2016 rn 40278-9 Taiwan Ltd. Stacked Events: UNIQUE DATE OF DATE OF PRODU IDENTIFIE NAME EVENT APPLICA APPROV EXPIRATI R CT NT AL ON 1 MON- Corn Yie 90ldGard VT Triple PRO MON8 Monsan February to February 89Ø34-3 x 34 17, MON Corn Far East 17, - x 88Ø17-3 MO 2009 N880 Ltd., 2014 17 Taiwan Branch 2 MON- Corn Yie anto February ldGard VT MON890 Mons PRO x February 89Ø34 Far East -3 x 34 17, MON Roundup Ready Corn 2 Ltd., 17, - x Ta 9 iwan 200 ØØ 2014 6Ø3-6 NK603 Branch 3 MON- Corn YieldGard VT Triple Corn MON880 Monsanto February February 88Ø17-3 x 17 Far East 17, MON 17, - x Ltd., ØØ81Ø-6 MON8 Taiwan 2009 2014 10 Branch 4 MON- Corn YieldGard x Roundup Ready MON810 Monsanto February February ØØ81Ø Corn 2 Far East -6 x x 17, MON Ltd., 17, - NK603 Ta 2009 iwan ØØ 2014 6Ø3-6 Branch 5 MON- Corn YieldGard Plus x Roundup MON863 Monsanto March 04, March 04, ØØ863 Ready Corn 2 -5 x x Far East 2009 2014 MON , - MON810 Ltd. Taiwan ØØ81Ø-6x x Branch MONØØ6Ø NK603 3-6 6 MON- Corn YieldGard Rootworm x MON863 Monsanto May 25, May 25, ØØ863 Roundup Ready Corn 2 -5 x x Far East 2009 MONØØ6Ø NK603 Ltd., 2014 Taiwan 3-6 Branch 7 MON- Corn YieldGard Plus Corn MON863 Monsanto July10, July10, ØØ863-5 x x Far East 2009 MON 2014 - MON810 Ltd., Taiwan ØØ81Ø-6 Branch 8 SYN- Corn Bt11 x MIR604 maize Bt11 Syngenta August 3, August 3, BT011 Taiwan -1 x x 2009 Ltd. 2014 SYN- MIR604 IR604-5 9 SYN- Corn Bt11 x GA21 maize Bt11 Syngenta August 3, August 3, BT011-1 x x Taiwan 2009 MON- GA 2014 21 Ltd. ØØØ21-9 1 SYN- Corn MIR604 x GA21 maize MIR604 Syngenta August 3, August 3, 0 IR604-5 x Taiwan 2009 x MON- GA 2014 21 Ltd. ØØØ21-9 1 SYN- Corn Bt11 x MIR604 x GA21 maize Bt11 Syngenta August 3, August 3, 1 BT011-1 x x Taiwan 2009 2014 SYN- MIR604 Ltd. IR604-5 x x MON- GA21 ØØØ21-9 1 MON- Corn MON89034 x TC1507 x MON890 Monsanto October October 12, 2 89Ø34 MON88017 x DAS-59122-7 -3 x 34 Far East 12, DAS Co 2014 rn - x Ltd., Ø15Ø7-1 Ta 2009 iwan x TC1507 Branch MON- x 88Ø17-3 MON880 x 17 DAS- x 59122-7 DAS- 59122-7 1 MON- Corn MON89034 x TC1507 x MON890 Dow October October 12, 3 89Ø34 MON88017 x DAS-59122-7 -3 x 34 AgroScien 12, DA Corn S- x ce 2014 s Ø15Ø7-1 Ta 2009 iwan x TC1507 Ltd. MON- x 88Ø17-3 MON880 x 17 DAS- x 59122-7 DAS- 59122-7 1 DAS- Corn TC1507xDAS-59122-7 TC1507 DuPont 4 Ø15Ø7-1 x Ma December December ize x Taiwan MON- DAS- L 02, 12, td. ØØ603 2009 2014 -6 59122-7 D1 AS-Ø15Ø7-1 x Corn TC1507xNK603 Maize TC1507 DuPont December December 5 DAS- x Taiwan 15, 15, 59122-7 NK603 Ltd. 2009 2014 1 DAS- Corn DAS- DAS- DuPont December December 6 59122-7 59122xTC1507xNK603 59122 Taiwan 15, 15, x DAS- Maize x Ltd. 2009 2014 Ø15Ø7-1 x TC1507 MON- x ØØ603-6 NK603 1 DAS- Corn DAS-59122xNK603 Maize DAS- DuPont Jan 3, Jan 3, 7 59122-7 59122 Taiwan 2011 2016 x x Ltd. MON- NK603 ØØ603-6 1 MON-ØØ6Ø Corn NK603xT25 NK603 Monsanto May 30, May 30, 8 3-6 x Far East 2011 2016 x T25 Ltd., Taiwan ACS- Branch ZMØØ3-2 1 DAS-Ø15Ø7- Corn TC1507xDAS-59122-7 TC1507 DuPont May 30, May 30, 9 1 xMON810xNK603 x Taiwan 2011 2016 x DAS- Ltd. DAS-59122- 59122-7 7 x x MON810 MON- x ØØ81Ø-6 NK603 x MON- ØØ6Ø3-6 2 DAS-Ø15Ø7- Corn TC1507xMON810xNK603 TC1507 DuPont May 30, May 30, 0 1 x Taiwan 2011 2016 x MON- MON810 Ltd. ØØ81Ø-6 x x NK603 MON- ØØ6Ø3-6 2 SYN- Corn Bt11xMIR162xMIR604xGA2 Bt11 Syngenta May 30, May 30, 1 BTØ11 1 -1 x Taiwan 2011 2016 x MIR162 Ltd. SYN-IR162- x 4 MIR604 x x SYN-IR6Ø4- GA21 5 x MON- ØØØ21-9 2 SYN- Corn Bt11xMIR162xGA21 Bt11 Syngenta May 30, May 30, 2 BTØ11-1 x Taiwan 2011 2016 . x MIR162 Ltd SYN-IR162- x 4 GA21 x MON- ØØØ21-9 2 MON- Corn MON89034xTC1507xNK603 MON890 Dow August August 22, 3 89Ø34-3 34 Ag 22, 2016 roScien x x 2011 DAS-Ø15Ø7- TC1507 ces 1 x Taiwan x MON- NK603 Ltd.; ØØ6Ø3-6 Monsanto Far East Ltd., Taiwan Branch 2 SYN-E3272- Corn 3272xBt11xMIR604xGA21 3272 Syngen September September ta 4 5 x 5, 5, x B Taiwan t11 2011 2016 SYN- x Ltd. BTØ11-1 MI R604 x x SYN-IR6Ø4- GA21 5 x MON- ØØØ21-9 2 SYN- Corn Bt11xMIR162xTC1507xGA21 Bt11 Syngen October October 14, ta 5 BTØ11-1 x x MIR T 14, 2016 aiwan 162 2011 SYN Ltd. -IR162- x 4 TC1507 x x DAS-Ø15Ø7- GA21 1 x MON- ØØØ21-9 2 DAS- Corn TC1507xMIR604xNK603 TC1507 DuPont December December 6 Ø15Ø7 Maize -1 x x Taiwan 1, 1, SYN- MIR604 Ltd. 2011 2016 IR6Ø4-5 x x NK603 MON- ØØ6Ø3-6 2 DP- Soybe DP-305423-1 x 40-3-2 DP- DuPont June 11, June 11, 7 3Ø5423 Soybean 305423-1 -1 an Taiwan 2012 x x 2017 Ltd. MON 40-3-2 - Ø4Ø32-6 2 MON- Corn MON87460xNK603Corn MON8746 Monsanto July 27, July 27, 8 8746Ø-4 0 Far East 2012 2017 x x Ltd., MON-ØØ6 NK603 Taiwan Ø3-6 Branch 2 MON- Corn MON87460xMON89034xMO MON8746 Monsanto July 27, July 27, 9 8746Ø-4 N88017 Corn 0 Far East 2012 2017 x x Ltd., MON- MON8903 Taiwan 89Ø34-3 4 Branch x x MON- MON8801 88Ø17-3 7 3 MON- Corn MON87460xMON89034xNK6 MON8746 Monsanto July 27, July 27, 0 8746Ø-4 03 Corn 0 Far East 2012 2017 x x Ltd., MON- MON8903 Taiwan 89Ø34-3 4 Branch x x MON-ØØ6 NK603 Ø3-6 3 SYN- Corn Bt11xDAS-59122- Bt11 Syngenta July 27, July 27, 1 BTØ11-1 7xMIR604xTC1507xGA21 x Taiwan 2012 2017 x DAS- Ltd. DAS- 59122-7 59122-7 x x MIR604 SYN- x IR6Ø4-5 TC1507 x x DAS- GA21 Ø15Ø7-1 x MON- ØØØ21-9 3 DAS- Corn TC1507xDAS-59122- TC1507 DuPont July 27, July 27, 2 Ø15Ø7-1 7xMON810xMIR604xNK603 x Taiwan 2012 2017 x DAS- Ltd. DAS- 59122-7 59122-7 x x MON810 MON- x ØØ81Ø-6x MIR604 SYN- x IR6Ø4-5 NK603 x MON- ØØ6Ø3-6
Posted: 14 November 2012

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