Water Sector in Turkey

An Expert's View about Sewerage in Turkey

Posted on: 29 Sep 2010

Turkey has been identified as a high priority market for the water and wastewater sectors. There is also a definite market need for increased efficiency and better management.

Water Sector ? Turkey Sector Report Water Sector Turkey Produced by: Pinar Yapanoglu, Trade and Investment Manager British Embassy, Ankara 01 April 2010 Whereas every effort has been made to ensure that the information given in this document is accurate, neither UK Trade & Investment nor its parent Departments (the UK Department for Business Innovation and Skills, and the Foreign & Commonwealth Office), accept liability for any errors, omissions or misleading statements, and no warranty is given or responsibility accepted as to the standing of any individual, firm, company or other organisation mentioned. Published by UK Trade & Investment. Crown Copyright © www.uktradeinvest.gov.uk Water Sector ? Turkey Table of Contents Overview 3  Opportunities   Characteristics of Market 4  key Methods of Doing Business 9  More Detailed Sector Reports 12  Publications 12  Events 13  Contact Lists 13  Water and Sewerage Administrations of Metropolitan Municipalities 15  www.uktradeinvest.gov.uk Page 2 of 16 Water Sector ? Turkey OVERVIEW Turkey has been identified as a high priority market for the water and wastewater sectors. In terms of the scale of water supply, 82% of the population area is served by the drinking water supply. The number of drinking water plants has gone up from 60 in 1994 to 140 in 2006 however there is a serious shortage. Only 413 of out of the 3225 municipalities were served with drinking water treatment plants in 2006. This makes just 41% of the population. Existing facilities are in of improvement. This creates a large opportunity for development. Rapid urbanisation, Turkey?s plans to join the European Union and its large tourism industry has become demanding to provide safe water and environmentally safe wastewater disposal than before. The World Bank estimates investment requirements in water and wastewater for EU accession around USD 20 billion (USD 300 per capita) over the 1998-2020 period, or about USD 900 million annually. The sector had been investing at an annual rate of at least USD 750 million during 1995-2002, excluding reinvested internal cash. In 2005 the public sector spent £ 165 million on water supply. There is an increasing demand for both domestic and industrial water supply however there is a diminishing supply of easily exploitable fresh water which puts pressure on the budget. The government has responded to this by introducing new principles in legislation which includes the Regulation on Water Pollution Control. Turkey produces 638.000 tonnes of industrial waste water annually. The number of municipalities served by waste water treatment plants in 2006 was 413 and only served 49% of the population. Again this creates a large opportunity for development however currently public expenditure on water is limited. OPPORTUNITIES Assistance from foreign engineering consulting companies is sought mainly for major infrastructure projects, which require either advanced technology or foreign credit, to assist in the preparation of feasibility studies, project design and construction supervision. There is also a definite market need for increased efficiency and better management along with institutional and legal reforms, where specialised international consulting companies can play a major role. Considering that the majority of the water and sanitation sector fall within the responsibility of the municipalities, studies have identified major deficiencies, particularly in the sanitation area. However, the municipalities lack financial sustainability under the present framework. Hence, both the technical as well as the financial capabilities are inadequate. Alternative methods of project funding and financing should be explored and developed. Recently Turkish Retail Banks Page: 3 SIMS Template Doing Business Water Sector ? Turkey are also looking into the opportunities in water/environment project financing in partnership with the Municipalities. Main investment requirements in the water sector are for the extension of sewerage networks and construction of wastewater treatment plants. Capacity increase and rehabilitation works for water supply services is also needed to reduce the very high level of losses. Starting with ISKI, there are countrywide opportunities for international companies, capable of both CCTV inspection making use of robots and trenchless rehabilitation of sewer and water networks. ISKI?s minimum investments over the next ten years will be in the order of US$5 billion. ASKI in Ankara is working on the doubling of the water supply to Ankara 3 by building a 226 million m /year capacity dam (Gerede System) and to increase 3 the daily capacity of their Ivedik Water Treatment Plants by another 560,000 m . The Sectoral Operational Programme on Environmental sector lists priority projects for wastewater and drinkingwater projects between 2007-2009 which will be financed under the Instrument for Pre-Accession (IPA). There are priority projects of wastewater worth of 236.750 Million Euros in the cities, Erzurum, K?r?ehir, Turhal, Ad?yaman, Ceyhan, Diyarbak?r, Aksaray, Band?rma, Turgutlu and Ceyhan. There are drinking water projects worth of70.2 Million Euros in Manavgat, Erci?, Do?ubeyaz?t and Ezeltere. The implementation of the Environmental Operational Programme will be financed by IPA and the resources will amount to EUR 204.1 Million and from national resources amounting to EUR 68.033 Million. CHARACTERISTICS OF MARKET The Government has announced its macroeconomic targets for 2010. At a glance, the government seems to expect a modest growth for the year. The target for the GDP growth and CPI inflation are 3 % and 6.9 percent respectively. There is an increase in unemployment rates since 2007 and for 2010 the rate is estimated to be 15.2. The total GDP is expected to be USD 641 Billion which would bring per capita income to USD 8821. The Turkish economy has sustained an annual GDP growth rate of approximately six percent for the last seven years. However, the global financial crisis has considerably challenged the macroeconomic and financial stability of many economies by adversely affecting financing facilities and external demand, thus causing a significant slowdown in all global economic activities. The growth rate in Turkey has fallen to below 6% in 2009. Water Resources and Consumption 2 Turkey has a total land area of 780,000 km , which currently accounts for a 2 population density of 90 people/km . The mean annual rainfall is of about 640mm, with a wide variation from region to region. It is estimated that the total exploitable (technically and economically) surface and ground water potential of Page: 4 SIMS Template Doing Business Water Sector ? Turkey 3 3 Turkey is 110 billion m , with 95 billion m of this coming from internal rivers, 3 3 3 billion m from external rivers and 12 billion m from ground water resources. Hence, Turkey can be classified as a ?Water Stress? country, with total 3 exploitable water resources being around 1,600 m per capita, which is high for 3 the Middle East except for Iraq. This figure is expected to drop down to 1,125 m per capita by 2023. With the projects developed primarily by the General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works (DSI) [http://www.dsi.gov.tr] and other institutions engaged in the water resources development, actual current water 3 consumption in Turkey has reached 40 billion m , which corresponds to only 36% of economically exploitable water resources. Most of the water is consumed through irrigation, which is not only the largest component of water consumption in Turkey but also the greatest consumer of funds allocated for water resources projects. Completion of the Southeastern Anatolia Project (GAP) [ http://www.gap.gov.tr] by 2010 will considerably increase the irrigable and arable land. GAP is a multi- sector and integrated regional development effort for sustainable development, covering 9 administrative provinces (Adiyaman, Batman, Diyarbakir, Gaziantep, Kilis, Mardin, Siirt, Sanliurfa and Sirnak) in the basins of the Euphrates and Tigris and in Upper Mesopotamia (Subsequently, this project is a highly controversial issue between Turkey and the Southern neighbours Syria and Iraq. Originating in Turkey and flowing through Syria and Iraq into the Persian Gulf, the Euphrates is the primary water source for millions of people who depend on it for power generation and irrigation in an arid climate). Being one of Turkey?s seven major regions, the development area has 20% of the country?s economically irrigable land, 28% of surface water resources, and 10% of Turkey?s population, yet until recently contributed only 5.5% to the nations GDP (comparatively, Marmara region contributes 40%, Istanbul alone 21%). Its basic objectives include the improvement of living standards and income levels of people in order to eliminate regional development disparities and contributing to such national goals as social stability and economic growth by enhancing productivity and employment opportunities in the rural sector. GAP had originally been planned in the 70s consisting of projects for irrigation and hydraulic energy production on the Euphrates and Tigris, but transformed into a multi-sector social and economic development programme for the region in the 80s. The development programme encompasses the sectors of irrigation, hydraulic energy, agriculture, rural and urban infrastructure, forestry, education and health. The water resources development component of the programme envisages the construction of 22 dams and 19 hydraulic power plants and irrigation of 1.76 million hectares 2 (17,600 Km ) of land. The total cost of the project is estimated at US$32 billion. Once the GAP is completed, its reservoirs are intended to produce 27.3 billion kWh of power annually. Institutional Framework The institutional setting in the urban water and sanitation sector in Turkey is basically a centralised system with central government institutions catering the needs of the local governments, the municipalities. Municipalities are responsible Page: 5 SIMS Template Doing Business Water Sector ? Turkey for delivery of services and the central government is responsible for water resources, water quality and supporting investments. There is no single central ministry with responsibility for the sector. Various ministries and governmental organisations are at the decision making and executive levels of the institutional framework. The State Planning Organisation (SPO) [http://www.dpt.gov.tr] under the Prime Ministry is responsible for reviewing and approving the annual Public Investment Programme and plans in the sector. Projects in water and sanitation that compete for scarce national budget resources and qualify for the investment programme are forwarded for preparation and implementation through the central government organisations DSI or the General Directorate of Bank of Provinces (Iller Bank) [http://www.ilbank.gov.tr]. DSI is under the Ministry of Environment and Forestry [http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr] and is responsible for national water resource development, planning, design and implementation for cities with population over 100,000, excluding water supply within municipal boundaries. Additional responsibilities of DSI include major irrigation projects, flood control, swamp reclamation and hydropower development. DSI?s total investments th reached US$38 billion since its establishment in 1954. In their 50 year, DSI?s combined 2004 investments claimed 29% of the US$5 billion State Investment Budget. An additional US$73 billion investment is targeted until 2030. Iller Bank is under the Ministry of Public Works [http://www.bayindirlik.gov.tr] and is responsible for water supply development and financing for cities with population of less than 100,000 and sanitation development and financing for all urban areas, except Metropolitan Municipalities. Another central institution, the General Directorate of Rural Services (KHGM) [http://www.khgm.gov.tr] under the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs [http://www.tarim.gov.tr] is responsible for investments at the rural scale (around 35,000 villages). Over the years, the share of combined drinking water investments of DSI, Iller Bank and KHGM was in the order of 9% of the State Investment Budget. The MinistryofEnvironmentandForestry http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr] (Ministry of Environment was first established in 1991, which merged with the Ministry of Forestry in 2003) is responsible for implementation and enforcement of environmental legislation to prevent pollution, i.e. wastewater discharge and treatment. The Ministry of Health [http://www.saglik.gov.tr] sets and monitors the standards for potable water quality. The responsibility of providing water and wastewater services in urban areas belong to the municipalities together with the tariff setting, billing and collection services as a monopoly within the municipal boundaries and neighbouring zones. A municipality can be established with the population of the urban settlement exceeding 2,000 inhabitants. The General Directorate of Local Authorities under the Ministry of Interior [http://www.icisleri.gov.tr] is in charge of the legal and Page: 6 SIMS Template Doing Business Water Sector ? Turkey administrative systems of all the municipalities. Currently, there are about 3,200 municipalities in Turkey, out of which 16 are given the ?Metropolitan Municipality? status by the decision of the Cabinet of Ministers, based on the criteria of population and economic development, in terms of GDP, commercial, industrial, financial and tourism potential. The population of Metropolitan Municipalities generally exceed 300,000 inhabitants and include the following 16 cities of the country: Adana, Adapazari, Ankara, Antalya, Bursa, Diyarbakir, Erzurum, Eskisehir, Gaziantep, Istanbul, Izmir, Izmit, Kayseri, Konya, Mersin and Samsun (Contact details of corresponding Water and Sewerage Administrations are listed under Contacts). Water and wastewater services are organised under municipal Water and Sewerage Departments in regular municipalities, comprising a portion of the overall municipal budget. Semi-autonomous Water and Sewerage Administrations have to be established in Metropolitan Municipalities with separate budget and bookkeeping. The very first of these entities, namely Istanbul Su ve Kanalizasyon Idaresi (ISKI) [http://www.iski.gov.tr] (Istanbul Water and Sewerage Administration) was formed in 1981 in Istanbul. Naturally, there are 16 ISKI type of water utilities in Turkey today. Yet another important central government institution, the Undersecretariat of the Treasury [http://www.treasury.gov.tr] under the Prime Ministry has been guaranteeing foreign loans contracted by the municipalities and provided by international finance institutions like the World Bank [http://www.worldbank.org], European Investment Bank (EIB) [http://www.eib.org], German Development Bank (KfW) [http://kfw.de], French and Spanish governments and commercial banks. There is no regulatory authority for the water sector yet. Being under consideration, such an authority would set down the policies for the sector and co-ordinate the relations among the central organisations under various ministries at the capital and numerous municipalities and villages in the periphery. Regulation of the sector is also essential to attract Private Sector Participation (PSP). Alternative models of financing such as Public Private Partnerships (PPP) are discussed widely. Current Setting and Trends Turkey has been successful in raising urban water coverage from 80% in 1983 to 98% in 2005 (In rural Turkey, about 88% of the population have access to piped water). Urban sewerage coverage rose from 56% in 1983 to 92% in 2005. While sewerage connection is high, wastewater treatment is not carried out in many parts of the country. This area needs special focus when Turkey is planning to be in line with EU environmental guidelines. There are many coastal tourism areas that do not treat the wastewater, which could eventually lead to health and environmental risks. Wastewater treatment must be promptly increased from its current level of 6-10% (comparatively, this figure is as high as 75% in Istanbul and 100% in Ankara) along with service efficiency and quality. Wastewater treatment financing is subsidised and a system to finance priority wastewater investments need to be developed. Page: 7 SIMS Template Doing Business Water Sector ? Turkey All water customers in Turkey are metered, each household being a separate customer. Tariff levels, which are set at the beginning of the financial year, vary a good deal between individual municipalities. In some metropolitan municipalities, tariffs do also vary according to consumption range. Cross subsidies also exist, industrial and commercial consumers are charged with higher tariffs, whereas agriculture is heavily subsidised (The farmers are not charged any fees based on the resource value of the water they use for irrigation. They pay an annual area-based fee to recover the costs of operation, maintenance expenses and the capital cost of the irrigation project). Service quality varies widely, with the metropolitan areas being the best and the smaller cities and towns the worst managed. Since there is no quality or economic regulation, the absence of transparent economic tariff regulation has meant that customers often pay for the inefficiencies of public management or do not pay enough to recover costs and to generate funds for rehabilitation and new investments. These are all caused by political intervention in the tariff setting, which has been extensive. On the average, 50% (comparatively, 37% in Istanbul and 15-20% in EU) of water supplied is unaccounted for, mainly due to leak losses in the distribution network, illegal or subsidised (government consumers rather than the poor) connections. Consequently, excessive amount of investments are needed along with legal reforms for financially sound and efficient sustainable development of the sector. The majority of the water and sanitation investments fall within the responsibility of the municipalities, which have traditionally been financed by Iller Bank and by loans from International Financial Institutions (IFI), for which the Turkish Treasury provided the guarantees. However, Iller Bank?s financing capacity has deteriorated (budget funds are scarce and loans are not paid back in real terms by the municipalities) and the Turkish government has become very selective with guarantees of foreign loans for municipal projects (creditworthiness of the municipalities are very low, almost all have defaulted on their loans to the IFIs and the Treasury had to absorb the bad debts). Reforms are underway to reduce the fiscal burden on the central government. Iller Bank is being restructured as a project development bank. DSI is now under the Ministry of Environment and Forestry. Privatisation and PSP models gained importance in recent years in municipal water projects, with increasing pressure from lack of public funding and guarantees for international/multilateral loans. These models mainly include Build-Own-Transfer (BOT) financing models for a period of 15 years and Transfer of Operating Rights (TOR) for O&M through hiring private operators for a period of 10 years. Although PSP has been identified as one of the methods to provide further finance and technological know-how to the sector, the past experience of PSP in Turkey has been mixed and limited: The 15 year BOT Izmit Bulk Water Supply project by Thames Water (world?s largest privately financed project, went into commercial operation in 1999), the Antalya Water Supply and Wastewater O&M contract by Lyonnaise des Eaux (awarded 1996, started operations in 1997, which was handed over back to ASAT (Antalya Water and Sewerage Administration) [http://www.asat.gov.tr]) after the first five-year review, and Page: 8 SIMS Template Doing Business Water Sector ? Turkey the Cesme-Alacati Water Supply and Wastewater O&M contract by Vivendi (awarded 2003). The State Planning Organisation has drafted a law an umbrella law on Public Private Partnerships (PPP) and has sent it to the stakeholder organisations for their comments. This will enable wider implementation of PPP in Turkey including the water sector. It is also expected that the sector will switch to river basin management model at some stage, a requirement of EU Water Framework Directive (An EU funded project, which is about to be finalised has identified the differences and the deficiencies of the Turkish Water Sector). This will help the consolidation of scattered structure consisting of numerous small municipalities at the regional basin scales for a healthy development of the sector, and opening the sector to private companies with ?regional concessions? under a properly regulated environment. There is an ongoing EU Funded twinning project looking into River Basin Management Models for Turkey in collaboration with the Dutch and Slovakian Governments. Development of municipal water/wastewater treatment is taking place more rapidly than the other areas of environmental protection. There are still thousands of municipalities that do not have proper water/wastewater treatment system. Some of the smaller towns due their limited financial capability, may not be able to undertake large projects with international players, but there are still cities with 250,000+ populations without a treatment facility. There are also plans to use bioreactor membrane technology in wastewater plants. As far as the treatment of industrial wastewater is concerned, only a small portion of industry fully complies with the rules and regulations on treatment of the wastewater generated at their own facilities. Foreign consultancy or equipment manufacturers may, therefore find business opportunities in this area if there is tighter implementation of the regulations. KEY METHODS OF DOING BUSINESS For general information on doing business in Turkey please visit the UK Trade & Investment [http://www.uktradeinvest.gov.uk] website. The projects in the water sector are generally tendered and the typical procedure involves the following steps: ? Invitations for tenders of properly prepared (defined, designed and procurement documents finalised) projects (for goods/works/services ? including consultancy) are published by the clients in appropriate media (newspapers including the Official Gazette ? a must for all public procurements; and the websites of the Public Procurement Authority (KIK) [http://www.kik.gov.tr] and of the clients). Page: 9 SIMS Template Doing Business Water Sector ? Turkey ? Interested parties can review and then buy the procurement documents to submit their bids along with prequalification/capability documents, if requested. The procurement documents consist of technical, procedural and financial specifications. It is recommended that the contents of these be followed very closely to avoid likely disqualification. Bid security is normally ? 3% of the contract amount and the performance security is 6%. The securities should be issued by acceptable international banks, with counter guarantees from a Turkish bank typically being required for performance security. ? Interested and qualified bidders are invited to participate at the bid opening. This is recommended, preferably with an authorised local representative if there is no local presence of the bidder. Any project, which would be characterised as an investment (anything beyond a regular supply/services tender) for the public entities would normally require submission of a proposal to the State Planning Organisation (SPO) for review and approval to be included within the State Investment Budget with a unique code for future follow-up and monitoring. Such coding is essential for all local/international financing, import, and implementation arrangements (e.g. import permits, incentives). These Plans, which outline the targets for all sectors (both public and private) with appropriate incentives, have the power of law. Though they have proper bearings with the international trends, implementation has not been as successful as hoped for. The state agencies are required to prepare their version of the five year Plans and submit to the SPO following review and approval stages at their own decision levels. These plans are detailed to generate the annual investment programmes to be integrated with the entity?s annual budget. The progress is reported to the SPO quarterly. The SPO collates all the data gathered to develop the sectoral targets for the upcoming National 5-year Plans. Preparations for major projects, obviously, would start long before tender announcements and timely identification at the early stages is very important. In view of the above practices, possible routes to identify project development potentials would be as follows: ? To review the current National Development Plan and the annual Public Investment Programme for the relevant sectoral targets and new and continuing projects. Both the National Plan and Investment Programmes are published in the Official Gazette. Current and archived copies of the Official Page: 10 SIMS Template Doing Business Water Sector ? Turkey Gazette can be accessed through two websites: http://rega.basbakanlik.gov.tr (new free of charge Prime Ministry site) and http://www.rega.com.tr (pay site). ? To review the websites of national entities such as SPO, KIK, DSI and Iller Bank and of Metropolitan Municipalities and their Water and Sewerage Administrations. ? The weekly national procurement bulletins (e.g. EBA ? Economic Press Agency [http://www.ebaajans.com.tr], TEBA ? Turkish Economic Press Agency [http://www.tebanews.com.tr]) have been publishing special editions yearly about major investment programmes of various entities. Such sources may be valuable for tracing the projects likely to come up. Archived bulletins are available through their pay websites. ? Presently, there are special studies sponsored by such international funding agencieslike the World Bank, EIB, KfW, JICA [http://www.jica.go.jp/English/index.html]and EU [http://www.europa.eu.int] to identify major infrastructure deficiencies and develop standard procurement packages for Turkey. They are publishing lead information flyers on their local websites. Having identified the potential projects and components, it would be beneficial to visit the local market and the owners of the projects to indicate interest and learn more about the developing projects. It may even be possible to informally contribute to the acceleration process of the development efforts. Because of the delicate nature of the above stages, co-operations with able local associates are crucial and strongly recommended. Page: 11 SIMS Template Doing Business Water Sector ? Turkey MORE DETAILED SECTOR REPORTS Research is critical when considering new markets. UKTI provides market research services which can help UK companies doing business overseas including: ? Overseas Market Introduction Service (OMIS). Bespoke research into potential markets, contacts and support during your visits overseas. ? Export Marketing Research Scheme. Advice on market research and help to contact subsidised market research administered by the British Chambers of Commerce on behalf of UKTI. Contact your local International Trade Advisor if you are interested in accessing these services, or for general advice in developing your export strategy. When considering doing business in Turkey, it is essential to obtain legal, financial and taxation advice. For further details, please contact: Pinar Yapanoglu Trade and Investment Manager British Embassy Ankara Turkey Tel:+903124553258 Fax:+903124553351 Email: pinar.yapanoglu@fco.gov.uk http://ukinturkey.fco.gov.uk/en/ www.ukti.gov.uk PUBLICATIONS World Bank supported Municipal Services Projects are available at http://web.worldbank.org/external/projects/main?pagePK=104231&piPK=7 3230&theSitePK=40941&menuPK=228424&Projectid=P081880 UK Trade & Investment?s Tradeshow Access Programme (TAP) can help eligible UK businesses take part in overseas exhibitions. Attendance at TAP events offers significant benefits: ? possibilities for business opportunities both at the show and in the future ? a chance to assess new markets and develop useful contacts ? grants are available if you meet the criteria ? UKTI staff overseas will be available to assist delegates Page: 12 SIMS Template Doing Business Water Sector ? Turkey Find out if you are eligible to apply to attend this event, and more about the support UKTI can offer, on the UKTI Market Entry web page. Details of TAP events can be found in the Events portlet on the [country] page. Other Market Visit Support may be available via your local International Trade Advisor. EVENTS th 1- 6 International Recyling, Environmental Technologies and Waste Management Trade Fair 10-13 June, 2010 www.rewistanbul.com UK Trade & Investment?s Tradeshow Access Programme (TAP) can help eligible UK businesses take part in overseas exhibitions. Attendance at TAP events offers significant benefits: ? possibilities for business opportunities both at the show and in the future ? a chance to assess new markets and develop useful contacts ? grants are available if you meet the criteria ? UKTI staff overseas will be available to assist delegates Find out if you are eligible to apply to attend this event, and more about the support UKTI can offer, on the UKTI Market Entry web page. Details of TAP events can be found in the Events portlet on the [country] page. Other Market Visit Support may be available via your local International Trade Advisor. CONTACT LISTS UK Trade & Investment Department, British Embassy, Ankara http://ukinturkey.fco.gov.uk/en/ Contact: P?nar Yapanoglu , UK Trade & Investment Manager and Water Sector Manager for Turkey Website: http://ukinturkey.fco.gov.uk/en/ Page: 13 SIMS Template Doing Business Water Sector ? Turkey Email: Pinar.Yapanoglu@fco.gov.uk Tel: 00 90 312 4553258 Fax: 00 90 3124553351 Central Government Institutions DSI (General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works) [http://www.dsi.gov.tr] Website: http://www.dsi.gov.tr Haydar Kocaker General Manager of DSI Email:kocaker@dsi.gov.tr Tel: 00 90 312 418 3415 Fax: 00 90 312 418 2498 IllerBank(General Directorate of Bank of Provinces) [http://www.ilbank.gov.tr] Contact: Hidayet Atasoy (Mr), Director General and Chairman of the Board Website: http://www.ilbank.gov.tr Email: h.atasoy@ilbank.gov.tr Tel: 00 90 312 341 2012 Fax: 00 90 312 341 2071 SPO (State Planning Organisation) [http://www.dpt.gov.tr] Contact: Ahmet Tiktik (Mr) ? Undersecretary Kemal Madenoglu (Mr), Director General, Social Sectors and Co-ordination Website: http://www.dpt.gov.tr Email: kmaden@dpt.gov.tr for Mr Madenoglu Tel: 00 90 312 294 6510 for Mr Madenoglu Fax: 00 90 312 294 6577 for Mr Madenoglu Undersecretariat of the Treasury [http://www.treasury.gov.tr] Contact: Memduh Aslan Akcay (Mr), Director General, Foreign Economic Relations Website: http://www.hazine.gov.tr Email: memduh.akcay@hazine.gov.tr Tel: 00 90 312 213 6873 Fax: 00 90 312 212 8550 Ministry of Environment and Forestry [http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr] Contact: Prof Dr Hasan Zuhuri Sarikaya (Mr), Undersecretary Prof Sedat Kad?oglu (Mr), Deputy Undersecretary Website: http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr Email: mustesar@cevreorman.gov.tr or hzsarikaya@cevre.gov.tr for Prof Dr Sarikaya skadioglu@cevre.gov.tr for Sedat Kadioglu Tel: 00 90 312 425 1285 for Prof Dr Sarikaya 00 90 312 425 4389 for Sedat Kadioglu Fax: 00 90 312 417 0237 Page: 14 SIMS Template Doing Business Water Sector ? Turkey KIK (Public Procurement Authority) [http://www.kik.gov.tr] Contact: Sener Akkaynak (Mr), Chairman Kadir Akin Gozel (Mr), Department Head, International Relations and Co-ordination with EU Website: http://www.kil.gov.tr Email: baskanlikozelburo@kik.gov.tr for Mr Akkaynak kadirakingozel@kik.gov.tr for Mr Gozel Tel: 00 90 312 212 4089 for Mr Akkaynak 00 90 312 223 3187 for Mr Gozel Fax: 00 90 312 212 7702 for Mr Akkaynak 00 90 312 223 7421 for Mr Gozel WATER AND SEWERAGE ADMINISTRATIONS OF METROPOLITAN MUNICIPALITIES ISKI (Istanbul Water and Sewerage Administration) [http://www.iski.gov.tr] Contact: Mevlut Vural (Mr), General Manager Website: http://www.iski.gov.tr Tel: 00 90 212 588 3893 Fax: 00 90 212 588 3892 Others in alphabetical order: ASKI (Adana Water and Sewerage Administration) [http://www.adana- aski.gov.tr] ADASU (Adapazari Water and Sewerage Administration) [http://www.adapazari-bld.gov.tr] ASKI (Ankara Water and Sewerage Administration) [http://www.aski.gov.tr] ASAT (Antalya Water and Sewerage Administration) [http://www.asat.gov.tr] BUSKI (Bursa Water and Sewerage Administration) [http://www.buski.gov.tr] DISKI (Diyarbakir Water and Sewerage Administration) [http://www.diski.gov.tr] ESKI (Erzurum Water and Sewerage Administration) [http://www.eski.gov.tr] ESKI (Eskisehir Water and Sewerage Administration) [http://www.eskisehir- eski.gov.tr] GASKI (Gaziantep Water and Sewerage Administration) [http://www.gaski.gov.tr] IZSU (Izmir Water and Sewerage Administration) [http://www.izsu.gov.tr] ISU (Izmit Water and Sewerage Administration) [http://www.isu.gov.tr] KASKI (Kayseri Water and Sewerage Administration) [http://www.kaski.gov.tr] KOSKI (Konya Water and Sewerage Administration) [http://www.koski.gov.tr] Page: 15 SIMS Template Doing Business Water Sector ? Turkey MESKI (Mersin Water and Sewerage Administration) [http://www.meski.gov.tr] SASKI (Samsun Water and Sewerage Administration) [http://www.saski.gov.tr] UKTI?s International Trade Advisers can provide you with essential and impartial advice on all aspects of international trade. Every UK region also has dedicated sector specialists who can provide advice tailored to your industry. You can trace your nearest advisor by entering your postcode into the Local Office Database on the homepage of our website. For new and inexperienced exporters, our Passport to Export process will take you through the mechanics of exporting. An International Trade Adviser will provide professional advice on a range of services, including financial subsidies, export documentation, contacts in overseas markets, overseas visits, translating marketing material, e-commerce, subsidised export training and market research. Page: 16 SIMS Template Doing Business
Posted: 29 September 2010

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