Health care is provided by public, semi-public, private and philanthropic organizations, including the Ministry of Health (MOH), universities, the Ministry of Defense and private health professionals. Provincial Health Directorates (81 provinces) are responsible for service planning and provision at provincial level.
Healthcare sector in Turkey
The Ministry of Health is the largest provider of healthcare and the only provider of preventive
services in Turkey. At a national level, the Ministry of Health is responsible for the country?s
health policy and health services.
On a provincial level, meanwhile, health services provided by the Ministry of Health are
administered by provincial health directorates accountable to provincial governors. The
healthcare system in Turkey is evolving under the 2003-13 Health Transformation Programme.
The purpose of the programme is to increase the quality and efficiency of the healthcare system
and enhance access to healthcare facilities with the introduction of a number of reforms.
Turkey?s annual healthcare spending in 2009 was an estimated US$38 bn, representing, 6.2% of
total GDP. The pharmaceuticals market, a key component of the overall sector, generated
revenue of US$ 11.5bn in 2009.2
The prescription market, accounting for 90% of the pharmaceuticals market, is expected to
remain dominant in the years ahead as hospitals and doctors remain the primary access points to
Health care is provided by public, semi-public, private and philanthropic organizations, including
the Ministry of Health (MOH), universities, the Ministry of Defense and private health
professionals. Provincial Health Directorates (81 provinces) are responsible for service planning
and provision at provincial level. Primary health care is provided through health centers, health
posts, Maternal and Child Health (MCH) and Family Planning (FP) centers and tuberculosis
dispensaries; municipalities play a role in environmental health and sanitation. The most recent
initiative at the primary health care level has been the introduction of a family physicians
scheme. The Ministry of Health plans to extend the system to the whole Country by the end of
2010. Family practitioners will act as gatekeepers in the health care system and will be the first
level of contact. Individuals will be free to choose their family practitioner and can change their
doctor under certain conditions. Several reforms have been implemented to harmonize health
benefits across the different health insurance schemes, as well as Green Card holders who are
poor. In 2007, legal measures mandated that all citizens of Turkey would have access to free
primary care, even if they are not covered under the social security system. With the legislative
changes unifying the three different social security and health insurance schemes (SSK, Bag-Kur
and Emekli-Sandigi) into one unified social security institute, the Social Security Institute of
Turkey (SSI) was established in 2006. With an accompanying law the Universal Health
Insurance Fund (UHI Fund) was founded.
? Harmonisation with the EU and sector modernisation holding considerable potential for
the Turkish market
? Significant scope for growth, given the size of the population and the current low
? Introduction of universal health insurance coverage
? Potential for generic sector growth, with market demand patterns structured by a cost
conscious government and a low-income population
? Export trade to benefit from closer links with the EU, an improvement in local industry
standards and an increase in international investment
? Potential site for clinical trials
? Recent introduction of new research and development (R&D) legislation, designed to
Latest export opportunities ? healthcare and Medical
Latest export opportunities - Turkey
Getting into the market
The Turkish Health legislation has been adopted from the EU Legislation. All EU standards have
been adapted into the system.
More about doing business in Turkey
Market intelligence is critical when doing business overseas, and UKTI can provide bespoke
market research and support during overseas visits though our chargeable Overseas Market
Introduction Service (OMIS).
To commission research or for general advice about the market, get in touch with our specialists
in country - or contact your local international trade team.
? Ms Asiye Yaman
Trade & Investment Adviser
Ankara - Turkey
Tel: +90 312 455 3246
Contact your local international trade team
UKTI runs a range of events for exporters, including seminars in the UK, trade missions to
overseas markets and support for attendance at overseas trade shows.
Latest events ? Healthcare and medical
EXPOMED (Medical and surgical instruments and appliances, laboratory equipment &
diagnostics) Fair Istanbul
12-15 April 2012
MEDIST (Medical and surgical instruments and appliances, laboratory equipment & diagnostics)
13-16 October 2012
More about OMIS and other UKTI services for exporters