Pharmaceutical industry has a production structure which has high level of technology and automation. Approximately 25.000 people is employed in the sector. Pharmaceuticals industry due to its nature is one of the industries which has the high proportion of personnel (50%) with university education.
Pharmaceutical sector in Turkey
Production of pharmaceutical preparations done in pharmaceuticals laboratories between years
1928-1950 had been increased with the establishment of local and foreign invested plants
starting from year 1952, which is the start for the ?fabrication period? of the Turkish
Within the period after year 1984 to date, investments of foreign capital companies have been
increased and especially after year 1990, 19 foreign capital firms have been entered into Turkish
Pharmaceuticals market. 134 companies are operating in Turkey. Two of these companies,
Social Security?s Institution Pharmaceuticals Plant and Ministry of Defence Army
Pharmaceuticals Plant, are publicly owned others are private enterprises.
Market size of original drugs in Turkey has realized as 4,1 billion US$ in 2009 and 4 billion US$
Pharmaceutical industry has a production structure which has high level of technology and
automation. Approximately 25.000 people is employed in the sector. Pharmaceuticals industry
due to its nature is one of the industries which has the high proportion of personnel (50%) with
university education. The distribution of highly educated employees is: pharmacist 4,5%, doctors
3%, chemical engineer 7,5%, chemist 7%, biologist 9,5%. Pharmaceutical industry is mainly
located in the Marmara Region especially in provinces of ?stanbul, Kocaeli and Tekirda?.
Turkish companies have managed a steady increase in their exports in recent years. In 2010 total
value of pharmaceutical industry exports reached US $ 612 million.
Turkey is now exporting various pharmaceutical products to 144 countries including developed
countries like Germany, the USA, Switzerland, the UK, Belgium and the Netherlands.
In 2009, the global pharmaceuticals market is estimated at US$ 828bn. In 2010 this market is
forecast to expand by 4% to 6% on a constant-dollar basis. Considering the effect of global GDP
growth, innovations and the introduction of new products, wider access to healthcare services
and rising funding, the pharmaceutical market is expected to grow at a CAGR (compound annual
growth rate) of 4% to 7% between 2008 and 2013. Global pharmaceutical sales are expected to
reach over US$ 975bn by the end of 2013. Although the economic environment will still be a
negative pressure on many developed countries, especially those with increasing budget deficits
and publicly funded healthcare systems, stronger demand than expected for 2009, as well as
pricing flexibility and inventory management actions in the US market lead to a positive outlook
for the global pharmaceuticals market.
? Harmonisation with the EU and sector modernisation holding considerable potential for
the Turkish market
? Significant scope for growth, given the size of the population and the current low
? Introduction of universal health insurance coverage
? Potential for generic sector growth, with market demand patterns structured by a cost
conscious government and a low-income population
? Export trade to benefit from closer links with the EU, an improvement in local industry
standards and an increase in international investment
? Potential site for clinical trials
? Recent introduction of new research and development (R&D) legislation, designed to
Latest export opportunities ? Biotechnology and Pharmaceuticals
Latest export opportunities ? Turkey
Getting into the market
The Turkish Health legislation has been adopted from the EU Legislation. All EU standards have
been adapted into the system.
More about doing business in Turkey
Market intelligence is critical when doing business overseas, and UKTI can provide bespoke
market research and support during overseas visits though our chargeable Overseas Market
Introduction Service (OMIS).
To commission research or for general advice about the market, get in touch with our specialists
in country - or contact your local international trade team.
? Ms Asiye Yaman
Trade & Investment Adviser
Ankara - Turkey
Tel: +90 312 455 3246
Contact your local international trade team
UKTI runs a range of events for exporters, including seminars in the UK, trade missions to
overseas markets and support for attendance at overseas trade shows.
Latest events ? Biotechnology and Pharmaceuticals
EXPOMED (Medical and surgical instruments and appliances, laboratory equipment &
diagnostics) Fair Istanbul
12-15 April 2012
MEDIST (Medical and surgical instruments and appliances, laboratory equipment & diagnostics)
13-16 October 201 2
More about OMIS and other UKTI services for exporters