During the July-October 2012 period, Ukraine exported about four million metric tons of wheat.
THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY
USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT
GAIN Report Number: UP1234
Grain and Feed Update
Grain and Feed
During the July-October 2012 period, Ukraine exported about four million metric tons of wheat,
almost 2.7 million metric tons of corn and a mere 1.5 million metric tons of barley. Wheat exports
are expected to slow down in the near future as exportable supply tightens, and the trade is
getting ready to move the large corn harvest. The Minister of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine
stated recently that wheat exports would be banned due to food security issues, but no formal
action was taken and the Ministry later stated that there were no grounds for such action. Winter
crop planting condition in most regions is in either a good or satisfactory state.
In the beginning of November 2012, the harvest of grains in Ukraine was almost over with the
Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine reporting another record corn crop. The table below
shows the official preliminary harvest data.
While Ukraine harvested a better-than-expected wheat crop, the pace of exports was high during
the last few months. According to the official statistics, during the first four months of the
Marketing Year (MY) 2012/13, Ukraine has exported about four million metric tons (MMT) of
wheat, more than twice as much as in the same period last year, and a mere 1.5 MMT of barley, a
decline of about 10 percent. Exports of corn during the same period were estimated at almost 2.7
MMT, compared to about 0.7 MMT by the same date in the prior marketing year.
On October 19, 2012, the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine (MinAg) met with grain
trade representatives to discuss the issues of wheat exports. During this meeting, wheat balances
were discussed as well as wheat export pace and sales prospects for the near future. The
Memorandum of Understanding between MinAg and the grain trade had an updated limit on wheat
exports set at five MMT. The public was informed that a share of upcoming wheat shipment
contracts to date registered at the Ukrainian Agrarian Exchange brings the total anticipated wheat
exports to about 5.4 MMT.
However, at the time of this report writing the Government of Ukraine officials announced that
they would not ban exports or impose export quotas on wheat. Instead, it is expected that sales of
wheat would significantly slow down.
Exporters are getting ready to shift their priorities to other commodities like corn, the exportable
potential of which is estimated at over 12 million metric tons this season. A significant slowdown of
exports of wheat from Ukraine in the coming months may result in the global market shifts as
some wheat business between large North African buyers and Ukraine was usually conducted in
January-February and later in the year. Also, corn exports from Ukraine may be expected to
explore new directions in the East. Ukraine has been negotiating trade with China over the last
Winter crop planting has been going well in Ukraine. Ukrainian Hydrometcenter rated over 90
percent of the crops as being in good and satisfactory condition through the country. There was
some dryness observed in Southern and Eastern Ukraine and some winter crops in these regions
have been developing slower. However, some mild temperatures and rain is expected to cover
these regions in the coming week that would bring needed moisture.