The production forecast for Uzbekistan MY 2011/12 cotton lint production decreased to 4.6 million bales.
THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY
USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT
Required Report - public distribution
Uzbekistan - Republic of
Cotton and Products Annual
Uzbekistan Cotton Annual 2012
The production forecast for Uzbekistan MY 2011/12 cotton lint production decreased to 4.6 million
bales and the export forecast increased to 3.25 million bales. The government?s official targets for
MY2012/13 planted area and seed cotton production are reportedly set at 1.28 million ha and 3.35
Uzbekistan's MY2011/12 final lint production estimate decreased to 4.6 million bales. Lint exports for
MY2011/12 are estimated at 3.25 million bales. MY2012/13 mass cotton sowing is expected to start as
usual in the beginning of April and continue through the end of the month, assuming favorable weather
conditions. State targets for MY2012/13 planted area and seed cotton production decreased to 1.28
million hectares and 3.35 MMT, respectively.
Despite the global economic crisis and drop in world cotton consumption over last 3 years, local mills
continue efforts to increase their capacities. Domestic consumption is estimated at 1.37 million bales in
MY2011/12 and is forecast to increase to 1.4 million bales in MY2012/13.
The government of Uzbekistan still maintains tight control over all aspects of cotton production,
including plantation area, production targets, prices, inputs, procurement and marketing. Despite
government efforts to modernize in recent years, Uzbekistan's cotton ginning industry still consists of
predominantly older gins, however due to improving profitability, spinning and weaving industries have
invested heavily in new equipment and renovations of existing equipment in recent years. Both
domestic and export demand, particularly for cotton yarn, has marginally increased in the past 3-4 years.
The textile mills are trying to pursue quality improvements and production diversification to include
more value-added products, rather than continuing with low-value yarn based exports. Most mills now
understand that they need to be extremely competitive in order to remain active in the shrinking global
Currently, there are more than 45 joint ventures established in the textile industry with partners from
Turkey, Germany, South Korea, Japan and Switzerland. As of 2011, foreign investments in the textile
industry exceeded USD 1.2 billion. The main products produced and exported by textile mills are cotton
yarn, gray fabrics and some textile garments.
As in the past few years, China, Bangladesh and Russia are still the major buyers.
In MY2011/12 problems with irrigation water supply, especially in northern and some southern regions,
created certain problems for growers during the vegetation period. Nevertheless, favorable weather
temperatures in late summer and early autumn allowed farmers to save the crop in general and start the
harvest at the usual time. As of today, MY2011/12 lint production is forecast at 4.6 million bales.
As for the MY2012/13 cotton crop, based on this winter?s precipitations level which was almost 2 times
more than normal rates, preliminarily prospects look favorable for improved irrigation availability. Of
course, much will depend also on the spring weather conditions, especially during sowing and
vegetation. This year, cotton sowing is projected to start as usual in the beginning of April and continue
through the end of the month if weather conditions allow. The MY2012/13 state target for planted area
has been decreased to 1.28 million hectares, because reportedly the GOU decided to switch about
30,000 ha of land from cotton to vegetable and fruit production in several districts of the Republic.
Accordingly, MY2012/13 lint production is preliminarily forecast at 4.7 million bales.
For MY2012/13 farmers are reportedly ordered to plant early-ripening cotton varieties on more than 50
% of targeted planting area. These varieties are characterized by their early-ripening feature, better
yields, and resistance to various common diseases (see Table 3).
The Government's overall cotton policy is still aimed at maintaining stable production, and improving
quality and fiber characteristics. As of today all state farms have been privatized and reorganized into
private farms. In spite of implementing structural reforms in the agricultural sector, the government still
maintains tight control over all aspects of production including planted area, production targets, prices,
inputs, procurement and marketing of nearly all of the cotton in Uzbekistan.
The local ginning industry has made some improvements in their ginning technology, and as a result
ginned lint has less trash content than in the past. About 80-85 percent of all produced lint is of higher
grades with strict and good middling, and the volume of lower grades has decreased. The cotton
ginning industry nevertheless is one of several sectors of the country?s economy where new investments
Uzbekistan?s domestic lint consumption is forecast to increase to 1.37 million bales in MY2011/12 and
preliminarily forecast to reach 1.4 million bales in MY2012/13. The government has often stated that it
would like Uzbekistan to process more of its cotton domestically. Less than 30 percent of all cotton is
consumed domestically. Effective ginning capacity is estimated to be well below the 6.0 MMT of
installed capacity due to equipment problems. Taking into account these and other production problems,
the government launched a modernization and reconstruction program for some cotton gins during
2007-2011. As of today, 60 gins were fully reconstructed under this program.
There are absolutely no changes in the mechanism of cotton exports which still remain under centralized
state control. All cotton lint is still sold either to the trading companies of the Ministry of Foreign
Economic Relations, Investments and Trade (MFERIT) for export or allocated to the Republican
Commodity exchange that organizes cotton lint sales for domestic consumers.
The spinning and weaving industries continue to invest heavily in new equipment as well as renovations
of existing equipment due to improving profitability over the past few years. Domestic demand
increased marginally over the last 2 years, and so did export demand, especially for cotton yarn and
textile garments. The main player in this industry is ?Uzbekengilsanoat?, a State Joint Stock Company
which unites 265 textile, sewing and knitting enterprises most of which are joint ventures. The total
annual capacity of these companies is 373,000 tons of cotton yarn, 282 million square meters of cotton
fabric, 82,000 tons of knitted fabric, and 168 million pieces of garments. Within the recently approved
Government decree, ?Uzbekengilsanoat? SJS Company plans implementation of 55 new investment
projects for the amount of 1.7 billion USD, including the creation of vertically integrated textile
complexes with finished outputs.
According to Government?s policy for the next few years exports of cotton are projected to decrease to
50 percent out of total production, which is planned to be achieved by considerably increasing domestic
consumption. However, independent experts believe that this will not occur so quickly. Post forecasts
MY2011/12 lint exports at 3.25 million bales. MY2012/13 exports are preliminarily forecast at the
level of 3.2 million bales.
Currently a well-established local system of logistics, consisting of 21 specialized cotton terminals with
a storage capacity of 410,000 tons and a good transportation infrastructure and shipment corridors
facilitate timely deliveries of Uzbek cotton to buyers. Asia, with Bangladesh, China, South Korea and
Russia, is still the major market for Uzbek cotton.
There are no official sources of information on stocks volumes, so the numbers indicated in the report
are rough estimates.
Table 1. Cotton Production, Supply and Demand
Cotton Uzbekistan 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013
Market Year Begin: Aug 2010 Market Year Begin: Aug 2011 Market Year Begin: Aug 2012
USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post
Area Planted 0 1,340 0 330 1,285
Area Harvested 1,300 1,330 1,340 1,310 1,285
Beginning Stocks 948 948 1,148 1,188 1,168
Production 4,100 4,390 4,200 4,600 4,700
Imports 0 0 0 0 0
MY Imports from U.S. 0 0 0 0 0
Total Supply 5,048 5,338 5,348 5,788 5,868
Exports 2,650 2,900 2,700 3,250 3,200
Use 1,250 1,250 1,250 1,370 1,400
Loss 0 0 0 0 0
Total Dom. Cons. 1,250 1,250 1,250 1,370 1,400
Ending Stocks 1,148 1,188 1,398 1,168 1,268
Total Distribution 5,048 5,338 5,348 5,788 5,868
1000 HA, 1000 480 lb. Bales, PERCENT, KG/HA
Table 2. MY2012/13 Target seed cotton area production by regions
Regions Planted area(ha) State target (ton)
Karakalpakstan 94,700 180000
Andijon 93,400 283000
Bukhara 109,600 342000
Djizakh 101,800 224000
Kashkadarya 160,400 417000
Navoi 35,800 100000
Namangan 82,600 240000
Samarkand 91,500 213000
Surkhondarya 119,600 335000
Syrdarya 110,700 238000
Tashkent 91,500 230000
Ferghana 100,100 290000
Khorezm 93,800 258000
Total Republic 1,285,500 3350000
Table 3. Cotton varieties planned to be sown in MY2012/13
Variety type Variety name % of total plant area
Early-ripening Bukhara-102, Namangan-77,An Bayaut-2, Omad,Andijon-35,
Mid ripening Bukhara-8,Bukhara-6,Khorezm-127,Mehnat,C-6541 36%
Prospective Gulbahor,Khorezm-150,Jondor Kudrati, Namangan-34, Kupaisin 3%
New UNDISCLOSED 6%
*Table 4. Textile production statistics for 2009-2011 (on calendar year basis)
Commodity 2009 2010 2011
Cotton yarn (1000 tons) 145.5 185.8 230.0
Knitwear articles (mln pcs) 33.9 50.5 68.0
Knitted fabric (tons) 11,000.2 2,1052.0 32,000.0
Hosiery (1000 pairs) 150.0 200.0 1,744.0
Cotton fabrics (mln sq meters) 82.0 83.6 120.0
*Please note that in Table 4 some textile production numbers for 2011 are just estimates, as official
statistics on all produced items are not yet available.