Venezuela- Coffee Annual 2013

An Expert's View about Food , Beverages and Tobacco in Venezuela

Posted on: 5 Jun 2013

Production in the next market year 2013/14 could increase if weather conditions and government policies improve, but significant imports will still be needed to meet the demand.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 5/30/2013 GAIN Report Number: VE1304 Venezuela COFFEE ANNUAL Annual Coffee Report Approved By: David W. Cottrell Prepared By: Clara Nuñez Report Highlights: Controlled farm-gate prices and significant competition from government imports have reduced profitability for domestic coffee producers. Production in the next market year 2013/14 could increase if weather conditions and government policies improve, but significant imports will still be needed to meet the demand. Executive Summary: Venezuela used to be self-sufficient in coffee production with enough surpluses for export but it now relies on imports to meet domestic consumption. Production for MY 2012/13 is estimated at 730,000 bags. About 600,000 bags of imported green coffee are estimated for MY 2012/13, mainly from Brazil and Nicaragua. Imports for 2013/14 should be around 630,000 bags to meet demand. Commodities: Coffee, Green Production: Coffee farmers were hopeful that the 2012 harvest would be better than previous years but the lack of agricultural inputs, financing and unrevised price controls resulted in a production of 700,000 bags for MY 2011/12. The lack of profitability of the coffee crop affected the method of collection and selection of harvest during MY 2011/12. Seventy percent of the production consisted of poor quality beans. This situation occurred because all of the beans were collected the same time. Production for MY 2012/13 is estimated at 730,000 bags. This slight increase is due to better weather in the coffee producing areas of the country. Production for MY2013/14 is forecasted at 800,000 bags, assuming timely and appropriate public financing, good supply of inputs, controlled price reviews that result in increased prices, and good weather conditions. Planted area remains at about 200,000 hectares but productivity has been decreasing. Low profitability has caused the abandonment of thousands of hectares of coffee in the last seven years. The area harvested is currently calculated at about 180,000 hectares. Consumption: Per capita consumption is estimated at about 3 kilos per year. Local coffee consumption is considered high when compared with other producing countries but domestic production only covers about fifty percent of the local needs. The rest is covered by imports. Total domestic consumption during MY 2011/12 was 1,305,000 bags and it is expected to remain steady during MY 2012/13. Trade: Since 2009, Venezuela has had to import large quantities of green coffee to supply the domestic market. Growers claim that government price controls make it uneconomical to grow coffee. The government is the sole importer of green coffee. Imports come mainly from Brazil and Nicaragua. During MY 2011/12, total coffee imports were reported at 575,000 bags, and are estimated to increase to 606,000 bags during MY 2012/13. Industry leaders “Cafe Madrid” and “Fama de America” were nationalized by the government four years ago and now operate with imported raw material. These two companies still have nearly an 80 percent market share and a strong distribution network. For MY 2013/14, imports are forecasted at 630,000 bags. Despite restrictions on trade and internal movement of food products, coffee exports continue, primarily to Colombia, as Venezuela's exchange rate policy and other factors make this illegal trade attractive. Policy: Pricing Policy Coffee is one of the basic food basket products that are under a control price regime (established by the government of Venezuela in 2003). Farm-gate prices for green coffee and ground coffee retail prices have not been adjusted since September 2012 and November 2012, respectively, when the Government was forced to review the controlled prices due to pressures from the market. But many small farmers and processors still claim that the prices set by the government are not high enough to cover production costs. Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics: Coffee, Green Venezuela 2011/2012 2012/2013 2013/2014 Market Year Begin: Oct 2011 Market Year Begin: Oct 2012 Market Year Begin: Oct 2013 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Area Planted 200 200 200 200 200 Area Harvested 180 180 180 180 180 Bearing Trees 500 500 500 500 500 Non-Bearing Trees 30 30 30 30 30 Total Tree Population 530 530 530 530 530 Beginning Stocks 232 232 273 103 54 Arabica Production 850 700 880 730 800 Robusta Production 0 0 0 0 0 Other Production 0 0 0 0 0 Total Production 850 700 880 730 800 Bean Imports 600 570 385 600 630 Roast & Ground Imports 1 1 5 1 1 Soluble Imports 5 5 10 5 5 Total Imports 606 576 400 606 636 Total Supply 1,688 1,508 1,553 1,439 1,490 Bean Exports 100 100 80 80 80 Rst-Grnd Exp. 0 0 0 0 0 Soluble Exports 0 0 0 0 0 Total Exports 100 100 80 80 80 Rst,Ground Dom. Consum 1,285 1,285 1,290 1,285 1,290 Soluble Dom. Cons. 30 20 30 20 20 Domestic Use 1,315 1,305 1,320 1,305 1,310 Ending Stocks 273 103 153 54 100 Total Distribution 1,688 1,508 1,553 1,439 1,490 1000 HA, MILLION TREES, 1000 60 KG BAGS
Posted: 05 June 2013

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