According to the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI), Mexico’s fishing industry accounts for 3.6 percent of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). In 2009 the industry increased 1.3 percent from 2008. While it is smaller than other sectors, commercial fishing supports the livelihood of thousands of rural families. In addition, the Mexican government is investing $574 million pesos (46 million dollars) in several projects that include dredging, construction of breakwaters, fishing ports and wharfs. From these projects 15,799 families will benefit from the fishing activity, according to the National Commission of Aquaculture and Fishing (CONAPESCA).
The Mexican coasts offer many different types of fish. The fishing industry includes fishing, processing, farming and packing. The country’s fishing activities consist of deep?sea, inshore vessels, and aquaculture farms. The players within the industry include shipyards, Sociedades Cooperativas Pesqueras which are collective enterprises, aquaculture farms and private fishermen. The Mexican states that contribute the most to the commercial fishing industry are Sonora, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Veracruz, Tamaulipas and Yucatan.
The main species caught from Mexican waters are: shrimp, oysters, octopus, sardine, tuna and a variety of scale fish. Shrimp is the most important due to its value in the marketplace. 285,535 tons of shrimp were exported in 2009. The main importers of Mexican marine products are the United States who import 102,466 tons followed by Japan, Spain, Hong Kong and Taiwan.
The purpose of this report is to briefly explain the commercial fishing industry in Mexico and identify the products and equipment used in this sector that have the most potential for U.S. companies.
Main customers (end users) for commercial fishing equipment include shipyards, Sociedades Cooperativas Pesquera, aquiculture farms and private fishermen. A large percentage of them are located on the Pacific Coast primarily in the states of Sonora, Sinaloa and Baja California. Products typically purchased for shipyards are: steel (most of it being imported from the United States), dry dock equipment, accessories for machine shop maintenance, sand blasting equipment and supplies, diving products and equipment, sensors and radars. Products typically purchased for small vessel fishing are: drag nets, trap net?stationary nets, trawling equipment, wires, and netting. Products typically purchased for aquaculture farms are: floating cages, valves, shrimp harvesters, measuring equipment, fertilizers, larval feed, supplementary foods, tanks, laboratory equipment, scales, mesh, filters, and pumps.